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Committee of publication. 





Publish at tfje (SHfjarge of tije SBSilltam ^morg Junto. 



2Snttorsttjr ^«ss: 
John Wilson and Son, Cambridge. 




Officers of the Society, elected April 13, 1899 . . vii 

Resident Members viii 

Honorary and Corresponding Members x 

Members Deceased xii 

Preface xiii 

The Pepperrell Papers 3 

Index to the Sixth Series 565 


Siege of Louisbourg 3 

Plan of Louisbourg, 1745. From a Plan of R. Gridley 67 




Elected April 13, 1899. 





§letorbmg fteetarg. 
EDWARD J. YOUNG, D.D Waltham. 

domspottbitig Steetarg. 





SAMUEL A. GREEN, LL.D # . . . . Boston. 

HENRY F. JENKS, A.M Canton. 

pemberg at |Targe of t\z CotractL 






Additional Member of the Council: 






Hon. Samuel Abbott Green, LL.D. 
Charles Eliot Norton, LL.D. 


Rev. Edward Everett Hale, D.D. 

Hon. Horace Gray, LL.D. 

Rev. Edwards Amasa Park, LL.D. 

William Henry Whitmore, A.M. 

Hon. "William Crowninshield 
Endicott LL.D. 

Josiah Phillips Quincy, A.M. 

Henry Gardner Denny, A.M. 

Charles Card Smith, A.M. 

William Sumner Appieton, A.M. 

Aimer Cheney Goodell, A.M. 
Edward Doubleday Harris, Esq. 

Hon. Mellon Chamberlain, LL.D 
Winslmv Warren, LL.B. 
Charles William Eliot, LL.D 

Charles Franklin Dunbar, LL.D. 
Charles Francis Adams, LL.D. 
William Phineas Upham, A.B. 

Hon. William Everett, LL.D. 
George Bigelow Chase, A.M. 
Hon. Henry Cabot Lodge, LL.D. 

John Torrey Morse, Jr., A.E. 
James Elliot Cabot, LL.D. 

Gamaliel Bradford, A.B. 
Rev. Edward James Young, D.D. 

William Whitwell Greenough, A.B. 
Robert Charles Winthrop, Jr., A.M. 
Henry Williamson Haynes, A.M. 

Thomas Wentworth Higginson,LL.D. 
Rev. Edward Griffin Porter, A.M. 
John Codman Ropes, LL.D. 

Rev. Henry Fitch Jenks, A.M. 
Horace Elisha Scudder, Litt. D. 
Rev. Edmund Farwell Slafter, D.D. 
Hon. Stephen Salisbury, A.M. 
John Tyler Hassam, A.M. 
Rev. Alexander McKenzie, D.D. 

Arthur Lord, A.B. 
Arthur Blake Ellis, LL.B. 
Frederick Ward Putnam, A.M. 
James McKellar Bugbee, Esq. 
Hon. John Davis Washburn, LL.B. 
Rev. Egbert Coffin Smyth, D.D. 



Rev. Arthur Latham Perry, LL.D, 

Hon. John Elliot Sanford, LL.D 
Uriel Haskell Crocker, LL.B. 
Hon. Roger Wolcott, LL.D. 
Edward Channing, Ph.D. 

Samuel Foster McCleary, A.M. 
William Watson Goodwin, D.C.L. 
Hon. George Frisbie Hoar, LL.D. 
Rev. Alexander Viets Griswold 
Allen, D.D. 

Charles Greely Loring, A.M. 
Solomon Lincoln, A.M. 
Edwin Pliny Seaver, A.M. 

Albert Bushnell Hart, Ph.D. 
Thornton Kirkland Lothrop, LL.B. 
James Bradley Thayer, LL.D. 
Hon. Henry Stedman Nourse, A.M. 

Henry Fitz-Gilbert Waters, A.M. 
Abbott Lawrence Lowell, LL.B. 

Rev. Samuel Edward Herrick, D.D. 
Hon. Oliver Wendell Holmes, LL.D. 
Henry Pickering Walcott, M.D. 

John Fiske, LL.D. 
George Spring Merriam, A.M. 

Hon. Charles Russell Codman, LL.B. 
Barrett Wendell, A.B. 
James Ford Rhodes, LL.D. 

Hon. Edward Francis Johnson,LL.B. 
Hon. Walbridge Abner Field,LL.D. 
Henry Walbridge Taft, A.M. 
Rt. Rev. William Lawrence, D.D. 
William Roscoe Thayer, A.M. 

Rev. Morton Dexter, A.M. 
Hon. Thomas Jefferson Coolidge, A.M. 
Hon. William Wallace Crapo, LL.D. 

Francis Cabot Lowell, A.B. 
Granville Stanley Hall, LL.D. 
Alexander Agassiz, LL.D. 
Hon. James Madison Barker, LL.D 
Col. Theodore Ayrault Dodge. 

Thomas Corwin Mendenhall, LL.D. 
Rev. Leverett Wilson Spring, D.D. 
Major William Roscoe Livermore. 
Hon. Richard Olney, LL.D. 
Lucien Carr, A.M. 
James Schouler, LL.D. 

Hon. John Summerfield Brayton, 

Rev. George Angier Gordon, D. 
John Chipman Gray, LL.D. 
Hon. George Harris Monroe. 
Rev. James De Normandie, D.D. 
Andrew McFarland Davis, A. M. 

Archibald Cary Coolidge, Ph.D. 
John Ncble, LL.B. 
Robert Noxon Toppan, LL.B. 



David Masson, LL.D. 


Rt. Rev. William Stubbs, D.D. 
Hi i] i. William Maxwell Evarts, LL.D. 

Theodor Mommsen. 
Rt. lion. William Edward Hartpole 
Lecky, LL.D. 

Hon. Carl Schurz, LL.D. 


Samuel Rawson Gardiner, LL.D. 
Rt. Hon. James Bryce, D.C.L. 

Rt. Rev. Mandell Creighton, D.D. 



Goldwin Smith, D.C.L. 

Joseph Jackson Howard, LL.D. 

Charles Janeway Stills', LL.D. 


Charles Jeremy Hoadly, LL.D. 

John Foster Kirk, LL.D. 

Ho,,. John Bigelow, LL.D. 
Henry Charles Lea, LL.D. 
Ruber! Howe Bancroft, A.M. 

Rev. Richard Salter Storrs, LL.D. 

.M . ( rustave Vapereau. 


John Austin Stevens, A.B. 
Joseph Florimond Loubat, LL.D. 
Charles Henry Hart, LL.B. 

Rev. Moses Coit Tyler, LL.D. 
Hermann von Hoist, Ph.D. 
Franklin Bowditch Dexter, A.M. 
John Marshall Brown, A.M. 
Hon. Andrew Dickson White, LL.D. 
George Washington Ranck, Esq. 

James McPherson Le Moine, Esq. 
Rt. Hon. Sir George Otto Trevelyan, 

Bart., D.C.L. 
Henry Adams, A.B. 

Rev. Henry Martyn Baird, D.D. 
Hon. William Wirt Henry. 
Vicomte d'Haussonville. 




Rev. Charles Richmond Weld, LL.D. 
Herbert Baxter Adams, LL.D. 
Signor Cornelio Desimoni. 

Hon. Jabez Lamar Monroe Curry, 

Amos Perry, LL.D. 

Hon. William Ashmead Courtenay. 

John Andrew Doyle, M.A. 

Abbe Henry Raymond Casgrain, 

Litt. D. 
Alexander Brown, D.C.L. 

John Nicholas Brown, A.M. 
Capt. Alfred Thayer Mahan, D.C.L. 
Hon. Jacob Dolson Cox, LL.D. 


Leslie Stephen, LL.D. 
Hon. James Burrill Angell, LL.D. 
William Babcock Weeden, A.M. 
Richard Garnett, LL.D. 

Rev. George Park Fisher, D.D. 
Woodrow Wilson, LL.D. 
Joseph Williamson, Litt. D. 
Joseph Hodges Choate, LL.D. 

Frederick William Maitland, LL.D. 
John Franklin Jameson, LL.D. 

Rev. William Cunningham, LL.D. 


Members who have died since the last volume of Collections was issued, March 15, 1897 
arranged in the order of their election, and with date of death 


Samuel Eliot, LL.D Sept. 14, 1898. 

Hon. George Silsbee Hale, A.M July 27, 1897. 

Hon. Theodore Lyman, LL.D Sept. 9, 1897. 

Justin Winsor, LL.D Oct. 22, 1897. 

Henry Lee, A.M Nov. 24, 1898. 

Hon. John Lowell, LL.D May 14, 1897. 

Clement Hugh Hill, A.M Dec. 12, 1898. 

Edward Lillie Pierce, LL.D Sept. 6, 1897. 


Marquis de Rochambeau Sept. 4, 1S97. 


James Hammond Trumbull, LL.D Aug. 5, 1897. 

1 1 mi. William Henry Trescot May 4,1898. 

M. Jules Marcou April 17, 1898. 

Hon. Manning Ferguson Force, LL.D May 8, 1899. 

Julius Dexter, LL.B Oct. 21, 1898. 



THE documents and letters printed in this volume have 
been selected from a great mass of papers belonging 
to Sir William Pepperrell which came into the possession 
of Rev. Dr. Belknap while engaged in writing the " His- 
tory of New Hampshire." He made careful and diligent 
use of them in the preparation of that work; and in 
October, 1791, he gave the greater part of them to this 
Society, of which he was the chief founder. A few, which 
were probably overlooked in the original gift, were after- 
ward given by his representatives ; and a few have been 
added from other sources. They furnish a mass of mate- 
rials connected with the military and naval operations at 
Louisbourg, the most important military enterprise ever 
undertaken by the English Colonies in America, which 
leaves almost nothing to be desired. 

In the first volume of the Collections, the Publishing' 
Committee, of which Dr. Belknap was chairman, printed 
some of the official documents which had thus come into 
their hands ; but they did not print any of the private 
letters. Many of the letters bear abundant marks of 
having been written under very unfavorable circum- 
stances and in great haste ; and many of the writers 
were persons of little school education, who spelled in 
a most erratic manner, especially when writing proper 


names. It is not easy to recognize that the same person 
is probably meant under such diverse forms of phonetic 
spelling. The letters have all, however, historical value 
for the light they throw on the difficulties under which 
the siege was conducted, and on the personal characters 
of the officers and soldiers who were engaged in it, as well 
as on the aims and motives of the men who afterward 
sought to gain pecuniary advantage from the conquest. 
Our ancestors who fought or traded at Louisbourg dif- 
fered in nothing from their descendants at the time of 
the Revolution, the Civil War, or the War with Spain. 

These letters were used by Dr. Usher Parsons in the 
preparation of his " Life of Sir William Pepperrell," by 
Mr. Parkman, in his " Half-Century of Conflict," and by 
other writers, with the permission of the Society ; but 
they have never before been printed in full. 

Sir William Pepperrell was of English descent, and was 
born in Kittery, Maine, June 27, 1696. His father, who 
was a native of Devonshire, had been settled here for 
about twenty years, — first on the Isles of Shoals and 
afterward at Kittery, where he carried on an extensive 
mercantile business, and laid the foundations of the 
family fortune. At an early age the son was admitted 
as a partner in his father's business ; and at the age 
of twenty-seven was married to Mary Hirst, a grand- 
daughter of Judge Samuel Sewall. He had already, 
at the age of twenty-one, been appointed captain of a 
cavalry company, from which he was speedily advanced 
to the rank of major and lieutenant-colonel. At the age 
of thirty he was made colonel of the regiment, a position 
which carried with it the command of all the militia in 
Maine. About the same time he was elected representa- 
tive for Kittery in the Massachusetts Legislature ; and in 
1727 he was elected one of the Council. In 1730, though 


he had had no training in the law, he was appointed Chief 
Justice of the Court of Common Pleas for the County of 
York, which office he held until his death. When Governor 
Shirley planned the expedition against Louisbourg, the 
chief command was offered to Pepperrell, who was then 
in the full vigor of manhood, with an ample fortune, and 
a home which might be called luxurious for those days. 
After much hesitation he was induced to accept the com- 
mand, and sailed from Boston with the Massachusetts 
troops March 24, 1744-5, and reached Canso, after a 
rough passage, April 4. A landing near Louisbourg was 
effected on the last day of the month. From that time 
the siege was pressed, with as much energy and prompt- 
ness as were practicable under very adverse conditions, 
until the 16th of June, when the city capitulated to the 
combined military and naval forces. For his services 
Pepperrell was made a baronet, and was appointed colonel 
of one of two regiments which it was proposed to raise in 
America on the English establishment. He remained at 
Louisbourg through the following winter, and returned 
to Boston at the end of May, 1746. Not long after the 
peace he retired from business, with the reputation of 
being the richest man in the Colonies, but he continued 
to take an important share in public affairs nearly down 
to the time of his death. In September, 1749, he sailed 
for England, returning home in the following summer. 
He died at Kittery, July 6, 1759. He had had four chil- 
dren, of whom the youngest two died in infancy. The 
eldest child, Elizabeth, married Col. Nathaniel Sparhawk, 
and was the mother of William Pepperrell Sparhawk, the 
second baronet, who, in conformity with the conditions of 
his grandfather's will, dropped the name of Sparhawk. 
At the time of the Revolution the second baronet espoused 
the side of the mother country ; and on the evacuation of 


Boston, he went to England, where he died in December, 
1816. On his death, without male issue, the baronetcy 
became extinct. The first Sir William's only son who 
survived childhood, Andrew, died unmarried March 1, 

For the use of the two very satisfactory plans of Louis- 
bourg and the country immediately around it, the Society 
is indebted to the representatives of our late associate, 
Francis Parkman. 

For the Committee, 


Boston, May 20, 1899. 


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At a Council of War held at Canso Aprill 5 th , 1745. 
Present : The Hon ble Will m Pepperrell, Esqr, President. 

Sam l Waldo, Esq r 

Jo s Dwight, Esq r 

Jer. Moulton, Esq r 

Sam l Willard, Esq r 

Shubael Gorham, Esq r 

Jn° Bradstreet, Esq r 

Sam l Moore, Esq r 

Jn° Storer, Esq r 

Arthur Noble, Esq r 

Nath. Donnell, Esq r 

Tho s Chandler, Esq r 

Edward Eyeleigh, Esq r 

Jn° Gorham, Esq r 

Nath l Mesharvey, Esq r f 

Ric Gridley, Esq r 

M r W M Vaughan. 

His Honour the President communicated to the Coun- 
cil his instructions from his Excell 7 Governour Shirley, and 

* These Records are printed from a folio volume, of about a hundred pages with stiff 
paper covers, given to the Society by Rev. Dr. Belknap in October, 1791, and marked on 
the cover " Register of the Councils of War," and on the fly-leaf " This Book contains 
Records of the proceedings of the Councils of War [and Courts Martial] held from time to 
time in the Expedition against Cape Breton, 1745." The words enclosed in brackets were 
erased with a pen drawn twice over them. The volume is no doubt the original record 
book, and with the possible exception of a part of the record of one meeting of the Council 
it is wholly in the handwriting of Benjamin Green, Secretary to the Expedition. — Eds. 

t In the early records this name is uniformly written "Mesharvey," which clearly 
indicates the manner in which it was then pronounced. After May 9 it appears as 
" Mesharve." It is now commonly written " Meserve." The bearer of the name was a 
native of Portsmouth, N. H., and Lieutenant Colonel in Colonel Moore's regiment. See 
post, p. 391 n. — Eds. 


acquainted them that he had convened them to consider 
of the most suitable measures for putting the same in 
execution. Upon which it was unanimously Advized, 
that, whereas the island of Canso is a convenient place for 
a retreat of the army in case of need and the reception 
of the sick and wounded, the blockhouse provided for y e 
expedition be erected on the hill of Canso, and inclosed 
witli picketts, and eight (nine pounders) cannon be 
planted there, and a sod battery rais'd, and necessary 
ammunition, w th workmen and tools, and two companies 
of forty men each be left for the security of s d place, and 
that during the time the army may be obliged to tarry 
at Canso, they be encouraged to assist in preparing the 
ground and erecting the said blockhouse. 

Advized unanimously, that notwithstanding the train 
of artillery and some part of the troops are not yet arrived 
at Canso, those now there proceed with the first favourable 
wind and weather to Chappeaurouge Bay, and endeavour 
to take possession of the field ; at least after their hav- 
ing been review'cl and compleatly furnish'd w th y e neces- 
sary accoutrements, provided that upon examination it 
shall appear that a sufficiency of ammunition and other 
stores for them be also arrived. 

At a Council of War held at Canso on board the 
Shirley Galley Apr 1 14 th , 1745. 

Present The IIon bl ° W M Pepperrell, Esq r , President. 
Sam l Waldo, Esq r 
Jo 8 Dwight, Esq r 
Jer. Moulton, Esq r 
Sam l Willard, Esq r 
Robert Hale, Esq r 
Sylvester Richmond, Esq r 
Shubael Gorham, Esq r 
Sam l Moore, Esq r 
Jn° Bradstreet, Esq r 
Jn° Storer, Esq r 


Arthur Noble, Esq 1 
Nath l Donnel, Esq r 
Tho s Chandler, Esq r 
Edw d Evelith, Esq r 
Jn° Gorham, Esq r 
Nath l Mesharvey, Esq r 
M r Will* Yaughan. 

His Honour the President reminded the Council of his 
Excell y ' s instructions relating to S fc Peters, and that he 
had just obtain'd information by some Indian prisoners 
brought in by Cap* Donah ew that the inhabitants at S* 
Peters were retir'd into the woods, excepting a small 
number of soldiers w th an officer (as they said, but ten or 
twelve men), and desired the opinion of the Council 
whether it be adviseable to omitt sending the proposed 
detachment to S fc Peters in consequence of this informa- 
tion. Whereupon it w r as 

Advized unanimously, that as the information appear'd 
worthy of credit, and that the circumstances of that place 
were thereby set in a very different light from what they 
appear'd in when his Excell y proposed the detachment 
to that place, and that thereby such an unforeseen emer- 
gency had arisen as his Excell 7 had been pleas'd to leave 
to the discression of y e L* General, that therefore the 
prosecution of the proposed design against S* Peters be 
omitted, and that the detachment allotted for that pur- 
pose proceed with the rest of the fleet to Chappeaurouge 

Advized, that Cap ts Donahew and Beckett with their 
sloops be order'd to put out some few hours before the 
body of the fleet in order to take or drive into port any 
small vessels they may meet with in their way. 

The Council desired the President, that inasmuch as 
some topsail vessels had been seen off this day, if he 
should have reason to think they were enemies, or should 
have no intelligence of our cruising vessels before the 
departure of the fleet for Chappeaurouge Bay, that he 


would be pleas'd to order that Cap ts Donahew & Beckett 
before they proceed to y e Bay Vert join the fleet and 
proceed \v th it, the better to secure the landing of the 

At a Council of War held at Canso Aprill 18 th , 1745. 

Present The Hon ble Will m Pepperrell, Esq r , President. 

Jn° Storer, Esq r Sam l Waldo, Esq r 

Arthur Noble, Esq r Jos. Dwight, Esq r 

Nath. Donnell, Esq r Jer. Moulton, Esq r 

Tho s Chandler, Esq r Sam l Willard, Esq r 

Edw d Evelith, Esq r Robert Hale, Esq r 

Sam l Pitts, Esq r Syl r Richmond, Esq r 

Jn° Gorham, Esq r Shubael Gorham, Esq r 

Nath. Mesharvey, Esq r Sam l Moore, Esq r 

Ric D Gridley, Esq r Jn° Bradstreet, Esq r 

The President acquainted the Council that he had been 
inform'd that there was not above a fortnight's allowance 
of rum and molosses remaining in the fleet, and desired 
their opinion whether the cargo of rum and molosses 
lately brought into this port in the brig* Victory, taken 
from the French enemy by Cap ts Snelling and Fletcher, 
shall be retain'd for the use of the army. 

Upon which the several commissaries were order'd to 
attend, who reported that by calculation made there was 
not more than a week's allowance of either of those 
species, and that if the full allowance of molosses had 
been given out the whole would have been expended. 
Upon which it was 

Advized, that all the rum and molosses on board the 
said vessel be taken out for the use of the army, if good, 
and two casks of coffee ; the commissarys to draw on the 
Commissary Gen 1 in Boston for the same. 

Complaint being made of some bad provisions in y e 
army, Cap 4 Sole, Cap* Butler, Cap* Dodge, & Cap* Waldo 
were desired to inspect the same. 


At a Council of War held at Canso Aprill 19 th , 1745. 

Present The Hon ble W M Pepperrell, Esq r , President, 

Jn° Storer, Esq r Sam l Waldo, Esq r 

Arthur Noble, Esq r Jos. Dwight, Esq r 

Nath l Donnell, Esq r Jer. Moulton, Esq r 

Tho s Chandler, Esq r Sam l Willard, Esq r 

Edw d Evelith, Esq r Rob t Hale, Esq r 

Sam l Pitts, Esq r Sy k Richmond, Esq r 

Nath. Mesharvey, Esq r Shubael Gorham, Esq r 

Ric D Gridley, Esq r Sam l Moore, Esq 1 ' 

Jn° Bradstreet, Esq r 

Whereas a second brig* prize is bro* into this port 
by Cap ts Donahew and Swan, laden w* h rum & molosses, 
which is a good sailor, and may be serviceable in the 
expedition, it was proposed by the President, Whether 
the advice of y e Council of yesterday be reconsidered and 
the cargo last bro* in be taken instead of the other ; upon 
which it was 

Advized, that the cargo of the brig* last brought into 
this port called the S* Jean be taken for the use of the 
army, and the molosses belonging to the cargo of y e brig* 
Victory be taken and forty hogsheads of her rum and 
her cannon excepting two, w ch cannon are to be put into 
the brig* S* Jean, and that the cloathing on board y e S* Jean 
be apprized and taken for y e use of the soldiers, if suitable, 
also a parcell of soap and tobacco, and that s d vessell 
attend the fleet to Chappeaurouge Bay. 

Advized, that what English prisoners are or may be 
retaken, be employ'd in the service of the expedition. 

At a Council of War held at Canso Aprill 20* h , 1745. 

Present The Hon ble W M Pepperrell, Esq r , President, 

Jn° Bradstreet, Esq r Sam l Waldo, Esq r 

Jn° Storer, Esq 1 ' Jo s Dwight, Esq r 

Arthur Noble, Esq r Jer. Moulton, Esq r 

Nath. Donnell, Esq r Sam l Willard, Esq r 

Tho s Chandler, Esq r Robert Hale, Esq r 


Edw d Evelith, Esq r Syl b Richmond, Esq r 

Nath. Mesharvey, Esq r Shubael Gorham, Esq' 

Ric D Gridley, Esq r Sam l Moore, Esq r 

Whereas it was proposed that Cap* Donahew and 
Beckett should not go up the Bay Vert till after the 
execution of the design against S fc Peters and y e land g 
y e forces at Chappeaurouge Bay, yet as the delay of the 
army so long at Canso, nor the present circumstances of 
S l Peters, could be known at the time of projecting that 

Advized, that said sloops proceed directly to the Bay 
Vert to intercept and take the provision vessels there, 
and that thirty soldiers with an officer be put on board 
Donahew for that occasion. 

Advized, that half the number of swivel guns on board 
the several transports be put into the brig* S* Jean, and a 
party of twenty men w th an officer, and that she proceed 
to cruize in quest of the schooner taken from Cap* W. 

Advized, that one box of partridge shott be left at 

At a Council of War held at Canso Aprill 22 nd , 1745. 

Present The Hon ble W M Pepperrell, Esq r , President 

Jn° Storer, Esq r Sam l Waldo, Esq r 

Arthur Noble, Esq r Jo s Dwight, Esq r 

Nath, Donnell, Esq r Jer. Moulton, Esq r 

Tho 8 Chandler, Esq r Sam l Willard, Esq r 

Jn° Gorham, Esq r Rob t Hale, Esq r 

Nath. Mesharvey, Esq' Syl k Richmond, Esq 1 " 

Ric D Gridley, Esq 1 " Shubael Gorham, Esq r 

M r \V M Vaughan Sam l Moore, Esq r 

Jn° Bradstreet, Esq r 

Advized, that what vessels and goods be taken and im- 
proved tor the service of the exped n be apprized by 
suitable persons upon oath. 


Advized, that Cap* Jn° Corney 
Cap* Mic 1 Hodge 
Cap* Jo s Goldthwait 
Cap* Eph m Baker 
M r Tho s Waldo 
be the persons to apprize all such vessels and goods, who 
were accordingly sworn by his Honour the President. 

Advized, that the persons for that purpose appointed 
repair on board the brig* S* Jean and apprize s d vessel, 
appurtenances & stores, and also her cargo, in order to 
s d vessel's being employ'd as a cruizer in the expedition ; 
and that the small arms on board the brig* Victory be 
apprized and taken for y e use of the army, if good, ex- 
cepting one for each man left to navigate s d vessell and 
guard the prisoners. 

Advized, that the cargo on board the schooner S* Peter 
brought into this port by Cap* Furnell, of w ch Cap* Adams 
was lately master, be apprized in order to be taken for 
the use of the army, if needed, to be received by the 
commissaries who are to account for the same. 

Advized, that what vessels are or may be retaken, be 
laid up at Canso till further orders, and that the men 
retaken in said vessels shall have their own cloathing and 
bedding delivered them without charge by the captors of 
the same. 

Adjourned to four o'clock in y e afternoon. 

At an adjournment of a Council of War, Aprill 22 nd , 

Present The Hon ble W M Pepperrell, Esq r , President. 

Jn° Storer, Esq r Sam l Waldo, Esq r 

Arthur Noble, Esq r Jos. Dwight, Esq r 

Nath. Donnel, Esq r Jer. Moulton, Esq r 

Tho s Chandler, Esq r Sam l Willard, Esq r 

Jn° Gorham, Esq r Shubael Gorham, Esq' 

Nath. Mesharvey, Esq r Sam l Moore, Esq r 

M r W M Yaughan Jn° Bradstreet, Esq r 


Whereas since the adjournment of the Council there is 
news of Commodore Warren's being arrived with a squad- 
ron of men of war, which renders the service of y e brig* 
S' Jean as a cruizer unnecessary, 

Advized, that the design of fitting s d vessel for a cruizer 
be laid aside, and that she be sent out w th wood, water, & 
provisions to y e cruizers & then return here for further 

At a Council of War held at Canso Aprill 23 rd , 1745. 
Present The Hon ble W M Pepperrell, Esq., President. 

Arthur Noble, Esq r Sam l Waldo, Esq r 

Xath. Donnell, Esq r Jo s Dwight, Esq 1 " 

Tho 9 Chandler, Esq r Jer. Moulton, Esq r 

Edw d Evelith, Esq r Sam l Willard, Esq r 

Sam l Pitts, Esq r Robert Hale, Esq r 

Jn° Gorham, Esq r Syl b Richmond, Esq r 

Nath. Mesharvey, Esq r Shubael Gorham, Esq r 

Ric D Gridley, Esq r Sam l Moore, Esq r 

M r W M Vaughan Jn° Bradstreet, Esq r 

Jn° Storer, Esq r 

Whereas there was an affray happened last night on 
board the brig 4 Victory, and the parties having been ex- 
amined and the some of them put under an arrest on 
account thereof, 

Advized, that Cap* John Freind, who was lately put into 
s' 1 vessel] by Cap* Snelling to take charge of her, was guilty 
of a heinous misdemeanour in the affray that happened 
last night on board s d vessel by discharging a loaded pistol 
at the sentry of a guard posted there for the security of 
the French and Indian prisoners and by other enormities, 
and that he [be] sent back on board Cap 1 Snelling in 
irons, there to remain till further orders ; and that M r 
Hunter, who was put into s d vessell by Cap* Fletcher, be 
reprimanded, and that Cap* William Adams be directed 
to take the charge of master of s d vessell till further 
orders, and that she be man'd w th sixteen hands when 


she sails for Boston, and that during her stay in this har- 
bour, Cap fc Cutter be directed to keep a guard of ten men 
on board her. 

Advized, that the other persons under arrest on aco* of 
the affray last night may, upon making their humble 
submission in writing to the satisfaction of the General, 
and reparation to the persons aggreived, be reprimanded 
and dismissed upon their parole of honour. 

Whereas a party detach'd 21 st ins* to S fc Peters are 
return' d, with an aco* that a greater number of French 
and Indians are gather'd together there than we had 
reason to expect by the intelligence given by y e prisoners 

Advized, that there be a detachment agreable to the 
first projection sent to S* Peters the day the fleet sails 
from Canso, and that Cap* Furnel be immediately order'd 
down off that harbour to keep in the vessels laying there. 

Complaint having been made of the condition of y e 
transport y e Humming Bird, Cap* Honiwell master, Col. 
Donnel, Col. Jn° Gorham, and Col. Mesharvey were desired 
to make inquiry into the state of s d sloop, who reported 
that she was sufficient for the service upon having her 
mainsail mended. 

Advized, that one man belonging to each of the vessels 
retaken be left at Canso to take care of them. 

It being represented that some of the company of car- 
penters are insufficient for that service, 

Advized, that any such be dismissed from that service 
and sent back to Boston. 

At a Council of War held at the camp before Louis- 
bourg, on the island of Cape Breton, May 3 rd , 1745. 
Present The Hon ble Will m Pepperrell, Esq r , President. 

Jn° Storer, Esq r Roger Wolcott, Esq r 

Tho s Chandler, Esq 1 Jo s Dwight, Esq r 

Jn° Gorham, Esq r Sam l Willard, Esq 1 ' 


Simon Lothrop, Esq r Rob t Hale, Esq r 

Ric D Gridley, Esq r Syl b Richmond, Esq r 

And w Burr, Esq r 

The General proposed to the consideration of the Coun- 
cill whether there should he sent to the commanding 
officer at Louisbourg a summons to surrender up that 
place, &c. 

The determination whereon was acljourn'd till to- 

Advized, that three or four transport schooners be sent 
to Com. Warren to receive & follow his orders. 

Advized, that a suitable vessel be immediately dis- 
patch t to Newfoundland w th an aco* to the commanders of 
his Maj' 8 ships there of the scituation of the army and his 
Excel l y ' 9 packet ts, &c. 

Advized, that two or three schooners be sent out to 
catch fish for the army. 

Adjourned till to-morrow at 9 o'clock, A. M. 

At a Council of War held by adjournment at the camp, 
&c, May 4 th , 1745. 

Present The Hon ble Will m Pepperrell, Esq r , Presid 1 

And w Burr, Esq r Roger Wolcott, Esq 1 

Jn° Storer, Esq r Jo 9 Dwight, Esq r 

Tiio 9 Chandler, Esq' Sam 1 Willard, Esq 1 

Edw d Evelitii, Esq 1 Rob t Hale, Esq r 

Nath 1 Mesharvey, Esq r Syl r Richmond, Esq r 

Ric D Gridley, Esq r ' Shu. Gorham, Esq r 

Jn° Gorham, Ks(] r Sam 1 Moore, Esq r 

Advised, that the two nine pounders cannon and two 
of y 6 gallopping peices be landed and transported to y e 
battery where the mortars are placed, and the other 
gallopping pieces to the camp. 

The question was again put whether a summons should 
be sent to y c command 8 officer at Louisbourg as soon as 
V two nine pounders cannon & gallopping peices be got 
to y" bomb battery, and the mortars & cohorns be in a 


readiness to play on the town, which after some debate 
was carried in the affirmative by a majority of y e mem- 
bers, but upon some new matter of debate arising was 
by consent reconsidered, and 

Advized, that when y e s d cannon, &c, are in a ready- 
ness, the mortars and cohorns be play'd upon the town 

Adjourned to three of y e clock, p. m. 

Adjourned further to 8 o'clock to-morrow morn g . 

At a Council of War held by adjournment at the camp, 
&c, May 5 th , 1745. 

Present The Hon We Will 1 * Pepperrell, Esq r , Presid 1 

Jn° Storer, Esq r Roger Wolcott, Esq r 

Tho s Chandler, Esq r Jo 9 Dwight, Esq r 

Edw d Evelith, Esq r Sam l Willard, Esq r 

Jn° Gorham, Esq r Rob t Hale, Esq r 

Nath l Mesharvey, Esq r Syl e Richmond, Esq r 

Simon Lothrop, Esq r Shub l Gorham, Esq r 

And w Burr, Esq r 
The General communicated to the Council a plan of 
operation proposed by Commodore Warren, &c. The 
determination whereon was adjourned till y e afternoon. 

Advized, that a battery be thrown up near the West 
Gate as soon as may be. 

Adjourned till two o'clock, p. m. 

At a Council of War held by adjournm fc at the camp, 
&c, May 5 th , p. m. 

Present The Hon ble Will 51 Pepperrell, Esq r , Presid 1 

Jn° Bradstreet, Esq r Roger Wolcott, Esq r 

And w Burr, Esq r Sam l Waldo, Esq r 

Jn° Storer, Esq r Jo s Dwight, Esq r 

Tho s Chandler, Esq r Sam l Willard, Esq r 

Edw d Evelith, Esq r Rob t Hale, Esq r 

Nath. Mesharvey, Esq r Syl e Richmond, Esq r 

Simon Lothrop, Esq r Shu. Gorham, Esq r 

Ric D Gridley, Esq r Sam l Moore, Esq r 


Advized, that the mortars, coehorns, and cannon at 
Green Hill be advanced to a hill between that and the 
town, and a battery be raised there and eight 22 pounder 
cannon be planted therein, and play'd upon the town as 
soon as possible. 

Advized, that the two eighteen pounders cannon in the 
Grand Battery and two of the forty-two pounders there 
be removed and placed in the battery proposed to be 
made against the West Gate. 

Advized, that Cap fc Bosch's sloop attempt to get into 
the harbour of Louisbourg w th the train of artillery on 
board, if Com. Warren approves of it, & that the conduct- 
ing that affair be wholly left to him. 

The determination on Com re Warren's plan of operation 
was deferred till another opportunity. 

At a Council of War held at the camp, &c, May 6 th , 

Present The Hon ble Will m Pepperrell, Esq 1 , Presid* 

Sam l Moore, Esq r Roger Wolcott, Esq r 

Jn° Storer, Esq r Jos. Dwight, Esq r 

Xath. Donnell, Esq r Jer. Moulton, Esq r 

Tno s Chandler, Esq r Sam l Willard, Esq r 

Edw d Evelith, Esq r Syl r Richmond, Esq r 

Sa.m l Pitts, Esq r Shu. Gorham, Esq 1 " 

Ric D Gridley, Esq r Jn° Bradstreet, Esq 1 * 

And w Burr, Esq r 
(The IIon ble Com re Warren being also present.) 

Advized, that the following summons be sent into 
Louisbourg, and in case the terms thereof shall not be 
comply'd with the town be attack' d by storm as soon as 


The Summons. 

Tiie Camp before Louisbourg, May 7 th , 1745. 

Whereas there is now encamped upon the island of 

Cape Breton near the citv of Louisbouro; a number of his 

Brittanic Majesty's troops under the command of the 


Hon ble Lieu'-General Pepperrell, and also a squadron of 
his said Majesty's ships of war under the command of the 
Hon ble Peter Warren, Esq r , is now lying before the harbour 
of said City, for the reduction thereof to the obedience of 
the Crown of Great Brittain, we the said William Pep- 
perrell and Peter Warren, to prevent the effusion of 
Christian blood, do in the name of our Sovereign Lord, 
George the Second, of Great Brittain, France, and Ire- 
land, King, &c, summons you to surrender to his obedi- 
ence the said city, fortresses, and territories, together 
with the artillery, arms, and stores of war thereunto be- 
longing. In consequence of which surrender, we the 
said William Pepperrell and Peter Warren in the name 
of our said Sovereign do assure you, that all the subjects 
of the French King now in said city and territories shall 
be treated with the utmost humanity, have their personal 
estates secured to them, and have leave to transport 
themselves and said effects to any part of the French 
King's dominions in Europe. Your answer hereto is 
demanded at or before five o' the clock this afternoon. 

Signed by W. Pepperrell 
P. Warren. 

To the Commander in Chief of the French King's troops in Louisbourg 
on the island of Cape Breton. 

At a Council held at the camp, &c, May 7 th , 1745. 

Present The Hon ble W M Pepperrell, Esq r , President 

Jn° Bradstreet, Esq r Roger Wolcott, Esq r 

Tho s Chandler, Esq r Jo s Dwight, Esq r 

Jn° Gorham, Esq r Jer. Moulton, Esq r 

M r W M Vaughan Sam l Moore, Esq r 

(The Hon ble Com re Warren being also present.) 

Advized, that an attack be made this night on the 
Island Battery with a suitable number of men in boats, 
and that a number of Commodore Warren's seamen assist 
in v e s d attack. 


At a Council held at the camp, &c, May 8 th , 1745. 
Present The Hon ble W M Pepperrell, Esq r , Presid* 

Jn° Storer, Esq r Roger Wolcott, Esq r 

Tiio 3 Chandler, Esq r Jo s Dwight, Esq r 

Edw d Evelith, Esq r Jer. Moulton, Esq r 

Jn° Gorham, Esq r Rob t Hale, Esq r 

Nath. Mesharvey, Esq r Syl. Richmond, Esq r 

Simon Lothrop, Esq r Sam l Moore, Esq r 

M r W H Vaughan Jn° Bradstreet, Esq r 

And w Burr, Esq r 
(The Hon ble Com re Warren being also present.) 
Advized, that whereas the design'd attack on the Island 
Battery could not be put in execution last night it be 
attempted again to-night or the first favourable opportu- 
nity, and that in the mean time preparation be made for 
a vigorous attack of the town as soon as possible. 

Advized, that the men belonging to the transports as- 
sist in the attack of the Island Battery, excepting two to 
take care of each vessel, and that those who shall assist 
be intitled to an equal share of y e plunder with the other 
soldiers employ 'd therein. 

Advized, that the party that attack the Island Battery 
shall be intitled to all plunder found there, except King's 

At a Council held at the camp, &c, May 9 th , 1745. 

Present The Hon ble W M Pepperrell, Esq r , Presid* 

Jn° Storer, Esq r Roger Wolcott, Esq r 

Tiio 9 Chandler, Esq r Sam l Waldo, Esq r 

Edw d Evelith, Esq r Jos. Dwight, Esq r 

Jn° Gorham, Esq r Jer. Moulton, Esq r 

Nat. Mesharvey, Esq r Shu. Gorham, Esq r 

Simon Lothrop, Esq r Sam l Moore, Esq r 

Ric 1 ' G ridley, Esq r Jn° Bradstreet, Esq r 

M r W M Vaughan And w Burr, Esq r 

(The IIon bl ° Com rc Warren being also present.) 

Advized unanimously, that the town of Louisbourg be 
attack'd by storm this night with all the force and vig- 
our possible. 


At a Council held at the camp, &c, May 9 th , 1745. 
Post Meri m . 

Present The Hon ble W M Pepperrell, Esq r , Presid 1 

Tho s Chandler, Esq r Roger Wolcott, Esq r 

Jn° Storer, Esq r Jer. Moulton, Esq r 

And w Burr, Esq r 
(The Hon ble Com re Warren being also present.) 

Advized, that inasmuch as there appears a great dissat- 
isfaction in many of the officers & soldiers at the design'd 
attack of the town by storm this night, and as it may be 
attended with very ill consequences if it should not be 
executed with the utmost vigour whenever attempted, 
the said attack of the town be deferr'd for the present. 

At a Council held at the camp, &c, May 11 th , 1745. 

Present The Hon ble W M Pepperrell, Esq r , Presid* 

And w Burr, Esq r P. Warren, Esq r 

Jn° Storer, Esq r Jo s Dwight, Esq r 

Edw d Evelith, Esq r Rob t Hale, Esq r 

Simon Lothrop, Esq r Shu. Gorham, Esq r 

Ric D Gridley, Esq r Sam l Moore, Esq r 

Jn° Bradstreet, Esq r 

Advized, that the battery begun at the west part of the 
town be com pleated with all possible expedition, and the 
eight 22 lb cannon be mounted there. 

Advis'd, that two regiments be posted on the west part 
of the town to guard the batteries there, and to intercept 
succours that may attempt to get into the town that way. 

That one regim* be posted at the Grand Battery. 

That a battery be thrown up, and the New York train 
of artillery and some cannon from the Grand Battery be 
mounted between the light house and careening place, 
and that the remaind r of the army with the stores en- 
camp in some proper place ab* the North East Harbour, 
& intrench there and place the field pieces round the 
camp, that so they may be able to keep possession of 


the harbour till measures can be taken for the effectual 
reduction of the town. 

That some guard boats be prepared & kept in readi- 
ness in the North East Harbour to intercept small vessells 
from getting to the town with succours. 

That as there is mortar, stone, and other necessarys at 
the Grand Battery, workmen be employ'd to repair & 
perfect it, so as to make it defensible against an attack. 

That the women & children prisoners be sent to New 
Eng d ¥ Cap 6 Bennet. 

That Commodore Warren be desired to give orders to 
Cap fc Snelling to release Cap fc Friend from the con- 
finem* to which he was committed by the Council at 
Can so. 

That his Excellency Governour Shirley be addressed to 
that a reinforcement of one thousand men be sent down 
to the army; allso another large mortar, and a spare bed 
for it. 

Advis'd that fourteen of the Massachusetts transports 
be sent to Boston under convoy of Cap* Smithurst to 
bring down a reinforcem* of men, and that four of the 
New Hampshire transports be sent home to bring down 
what men may be sent from thence. 

Advis'd, that one man of the prisoners be sent up in 
each transport going to New England, and the remainder 
of them in Cap* Smithurst. 

At a Council of War held at the camp, &c, May 11 th , 
1745. Post Meri m . 

Present The Hou blc W* Pepperrell, Esq', Presid 1 

Jn° Storer, Esq r S. Waldo, Esq r 

Tiio s Chandler, Esq' Jo s Dwight, Esq T 

Natii. Mebharve, Esq' Shu. Gorham, Esq r 

Simon Lothrop, Esq r Sam l Moore, Esq r 

Ric D Gridley, Esq r And w Burr, Esq r 

Jn° Bradstreet, Esq' 


The President acquainted the Council that he had been 
inform'd some persons in the army had entertain'd and 
spread a report of Col. Bradstreet that they were appre- 
hensive he was not hearty in the success of the expe- 
dition, &c, and as such surmizes would be of very bad 
consequence to the army, as well as disadvantageous to 
his character, & which he ought by no means to lay 
under the imputation of, unless some good reasons did 
appear therefor, that therefore he had conven'd them to 
know if they apprehended there was any ground for such 
a report, and if there was not, that the persons should be 
found out, reprimanded severely, and ask Col. Brad- 
street's pardon. Upon examination it appear'd that 1/ 
Col. Chandler had been guilty of great imprudence in 
entertain g and reporting such surmizes without the least 
reasonable foundation therefor ; and it was the opinion 
of the Council that he ought to acknowledge his fault & 
ask Col. Bradstreet's pardon, which he did. And the 
Council took this opportunity to testifie their approba- 
tion of Col. Bradstreet's behaviour in the army, and that 
his zeal for the success of the expedition was undoubtedly 
manifest by his active and prudent behaviour on all 

At a Council of War held at the camp, &c, May 17 th , 

Present The Hon ble Will m Pepperrell, Esq r , President. 

A. Burr, Esq r S. Waldo, Esq r 

J. Storer, Esq r J. Dwight, Esq r 

J. Gorham, Esq r J. Moulton, Esq r 

N. Mesharve, Esq r S. Richmond, Esq r 

S. Lothrop, Esq r S. Gorham, Esq r 

P. Gridley, Esq* S. Moore, Esq r 

M r W M Vaughan J. Bradstreet, Esq r 

The General communicated to the Council a plan of 
operation for the reduction of Louisbourg, &c, sign'd by 


Com 16 Warren & several Cap ts of bis Maj. ships & of the 
cruizers under his command, dated 16 th May, 1745. 

Advized, that the circumstances of the army not allow- 
ing of an immediate determination thereon, the considera- 
tion of it be defer'd to a further opportunity. 

At a Council of War held at the camp, &c, May 18 th , 

Present The Hon ble W M Pepperrell, Esq r , Preside 

R. Gridley, Esq r J. Dwight, Esq 1 

M r W M Vaughan S. Moore, Esq r 

N. Mesharve, Esq r 

Adviz'd, that the main body of the army be not re- 
moved to the North East Harbour at present by rea- 
son of several inconveniencies that would attend such a 

That one regiment be posted there to erect the battery 
proposed in that place, as soon as the battery at the 
West Gate is com pleated. 

At a Council at the camp, &c, May 22 nd , 1745. 

Present . The Hon We W M Pepperrell, Esq r , Presid* 

T. Chandler, Esq r R. Wolcott, Esq r 

E. Evelith, Esq 1 J. Dwight, Esq r 

N. Mesharve, Esq r J. Moulton, Esq r 

S. Lothrop, Esq r S. Gorham, Esq r 

J. Gorham, Esq r S. Moore, Esq T 

R. Gridley, Esq 1 . A. Burr, Esq r 

M r \V M Vaughan J. Storer, Esq r 

Adviz'd, that Brig* Dwight and Col. Moore go off to 

confer w th the Commodore as soon as opportunity will 


At a Council of War held at the camp, &c, May 24 th , 

Present The IIon hl ° W" Pepperrell, Esq r , Presid* 

A. \«»i;le, Esq r R. ^Y0LC0TT, Esq r 

N. Donnell, Esq r S. Waldo, Esq r 


T. Chandler, Esq r J. Dwight, Esq r 

J. Gorham, Esq r J. Moulton, Esq r 

N. Mesharve, Esq r S. Gorham, Esq r 

S. Lothrop, Esq r S. Moore, Esq r 

R Gridley, Esq r A. Burr, Esq r 

J. Storer, Esq r 
Whereas an attack on the Island Battery was order'd 
last night under the command of Col. Noble and Col. 
Jn° Gorham which fail'd of being put in execution, the 
President moved that inquiry should be made into the 
reasons thereof. 

Upon examination made, and a number of the officers 
and others who were order'd on that attack being heard, 
the Council were of opinion that it did not appear that 
Col. Noble or Col. Gorham were chargeable with misbe- 
haviour in the affair. 

Adviz'd, that the camp be continued at or near the 
place where it now is. 

That if a number of men to the amount of three or 
four hundred appear as vol un tiers for the attack of the 
Island Battery they be allowed to choose their own 
officers and be entitled to the plunder found there. 

That one hundred barrels of powder be borrowed of 
Com re Warren for the use of the army. 

At a Council of War held at the camp, &c. ? May 25 th , 

Present The Hon ble W M Pepperrell, Esq r , Presid* 

A. Burr, Esq r P. Wolcott, Esq r 

J. Bradstreet, Esq r S. Waldo, Esq r 

J. Storer, Esq r J. Dwight, Esq r 

A. Noble, Esq r J. Moulton, Esq r 

S. Lothrop, Esq r S. Gorham, Esq r 

N. Mesharve, Esq r ^ S. Moore, Esq r 

A plan of operation for the reduction of Louisbourg 
sign'd by P. Warren and several others, com rs of the 
ships & vessels cruiz g off the port, dated May 24 th , 1745, 


being communicated to the Council, and taken into ma- 
ture consideration, it was advized, that the following plan 
of operation be communicated to Com re Warren and the 
Council of Sea Officers for their approbation, viz\ 

At a Council of War held at the camp before Louis- 
bourg, May 25 th , 1745. 

The Council having maturely weighed the plan of 
operation for the reduction of Louisbourg signed by the 
Hon ble Com re Warren and several of his Council of Officers, 
dated on board the Superbe, May 24 th , 1745, are of 

That as it will be of considerable consequence in the 
attack of the town that the Island Battery be taken, and 
the Circular Battery reduced or disabled, we shall en- 
deavour it whilst the Vigilant is fitting for service. 

That as the difficulties of communication between the 
army and shipping are often so great that boats cannot 
put off nor reland for several days together ; there being 
a considerable degree of sickness in the army ; there be- 
ing reason to apprehend that a number of French and 
Indians may be dayly expected on the back of our camp; 
also that our men beino; unused to the sea would be soon 
unfitted for service by being on shipboard ; it is by no 
means advizeable to send off any number of the land 
forces to go into the harbour in the ships, lest if by any 
accident the ships should not go in at the time proposed, 
the land men might not be able immediately to repair on 
sboar, which might be attended with the worst conse- 
quences to the army. 

That a general attack be made on the town by the 
army and naval force as soon, and in such manner, as 
shall be determined upon bj' their united Councils. 

That the following plan of operation for that purpose 
be communicated to Com re Warren, and his Council for 
their opinion upon it. 

Viz 1 . That five hundred men be taken out of the 


cruizers and transports, and distributed in the ships of 
war, in order to facilitate the manning the Vigilant. 

That the ships and other vessels proceed into the har- 
bour at the time agreed upon in such manner as Com re 
Warren shall direct. 

That five hundred land men and what men can be 
spared from the cruizers be in readiness at the Grand 
Battery to put off in boats upon a signal, and to land and 
scalade the wall on the front of the town, under the fire 
of the ships' cannon. The marines and what seamen 
Com re Warren thinks proper to attack at the same time 
and place. 

That five hundred men, or more if to be had, scalade 
the wall at the southeast part of the town at the same 

That five hundred men make an attack at the breach 
at the West Gate, and endeavour to possess themselves 
of the Circular Battery. 

That five hundred men be posted at a suitable place 
to sustain the party attacking at the West Gate. 

At a Council of War held at the camp, &c, May 27 th , 

Present The Hon bIe Will m Pepperrell, Esq r , Presid* 

J. Storer, Esq r ' R. Wolcott, Esq r 

E. Evelith, Esq r S. Waldo, Esq r 

J. Gorham, Esq r J. Dwight, Esq r 

N. Mesharve, Esq* J. Moulton, Esq r 

S. Lothrop, Esq r S. Gorham, Esq r 

R Gridley, Esq r S. Moore, Esq r 

M r W M Vaughan A. Burr, Esq r 

J. Bradstreet, Esq 1 

The Council having taken into consideration the 
answer made by Com re Warren to the plan of operation 
proposed by them yesterday. 

Adviz'd, that the General embrace the first opportunity 
to go on board Com re Warren's ship with such of his 


Council as he shall think proper to take with him, and 
endeavour to determine upon some measures to be taken 
for the reduction of Louisbourg, to be put in execution 
accordingly without further debate. 

At a Council of War held at the camp, &c, May 28 th , 

Present The Hon ble W M Pepperrell, Esq r , President. 

A. Burr, Esq r R. Wolcott, Esq r 

J. Storer, Esq r S. Waldo, Esq r 

E. Evelith, Esq r J. Dwight, Esq r 

J. Gorham, Esq r J. Moulton, Esq r 

N. Mesharve, Esq 1 S. Gorham, Esq r 

R. Gridley, Esq r S. Moore, Esq r 

M r W M Vaughan J. Bradstreet, Esq r 

Adviz'd, that, in consideration of the hard labour the 
army is obliged to perform, together with the almost 
continual fogs and unwholsomeness of this climate, &c, 
&c, the commissaries be directed to continue to the 
soldiers the allowance of a gill and half of rum per 

That a vessel be dispatch'd to Annapolis for a 13 inch 
mortar & a brass mortar, with a number of shells for each, 
and any other warlike stores and assistance can be spared 
from thence. 

At a Council of War held at the camp, &c, June 1 st , 

Present The IIon ble W M Pepperrell, Esq r , Presid* 

A. Burr, Esq r R. Wolcott, Esq r 
J. Storer, Esq r J. Dwight, Esq r 
V, Kvkutii, Ksq r J. Moulton, Esq r 
J. Gorham, Esq r R. Hale, Esq r 
N. Mesharve, Esq r S. Gorham, Esq r 
S. Lothrop, Esq r S. Moore, Esq r 

B. Gridley, Esq r J. Bradstreet, Esq r 
M r W M Vaughan 


The General communicated to the Council a letter 
from Com re Warren, dated May 31 st , 1745, and desired 
their opinion of his plan of 25 th , since the fogs hindered 
a conference. Whereupon it was 

Advized, that the Vigilant be mann'd for his Maj. ser- 
vice in the proposed attack on Louisbourg out of the N. E. 
forces, viz., from the army and transports ; that all the 
men on board the transports, except two to be left in each 
of those that shall remain in Chappeauroug Bay, be im- 
proved for manning the Vigilant; the remain g number to 
compleat six hund d to be taken out of the land forces. 

That five hundred men be sent on board the ships the 
morning they propose to go into the harbour, in order to 
land with Com re Warren's men. 

At a Council of War held at the camp, &c, June 5 th , 

Present The Hon We W M Pepperrell, Esq r , Presid 1 

J. Bradstreet, Esq r S. Waldo, Esq r 

J. Storer, Esq r J. Dwight, Esq r 

N. Donnell, Esq 1 J. Moulton, Esq r 

E. Evelith, Esq r R. Hale, Esq r 

J. Gorham, Esq r S. Richmond, Esq r 

S. Lothrop, Esq r • S. Gorham, Esq r 

R, Gridley, Esq r S. Moore, Esq r 

M r W M Vaughan A. Burr, Esq r 

Adviz'd, that the Piscataqua guard sloop, Cap* Furnell 
master, with some boats anchor near the lighthouse, with 
Cap* Mason's Comp a and part of Cap* Furnel's comp a on 
board, in order to intercept the enemy's small vessels 
from going into the harbour, and that Cap* Mason's comp a 
assist on shoar in the daytime in erecting the battery 
near the lighthouse, and repair on board the sloop at 

That a number of the prisoners be put on board Cap* 
Bosch and sent to Boston. 


That one Englishman be appointed for the guard of 
each 10 prisoners sent to Boston. 

That a vessel be dispatch' d to the Duke of Newcastle 
w th advice of the scituation of the forces, if Com re Warren 
thinks it adviseable & will join therein. 

At a Council of War held at the camp, &c, June 9 th , 

Present The Hon ble W M Pepperrell, Esq r 

J. Storer, Esq r R. Wolcott, Esq 1 

N. Donnell, Esq r S. Waldo, Esq r 

T. Chandler, Esq 1 J. Dwight, Esq r 

J. Gorham, Esq r J. Moulton, Esq r 

N. Mesharve, Esq r S. Willard, Esq r 

S. Lothrop, Esq r R. Hale, Esq r 

R. Gridley, Esq r S. Moore, Esq 1 

M r W M Vaughan J. Bradstreet, Esq r 

A. Burr, Esq r 

Adviz'd, that the large mortar be removed to the new 
battery near the lighthouse. 

At a Council of War held at the camp, &c, June 9 th , 
1745, in the evening. 

Present The Hon ble W M Pepperrell, Esq r 
A. Burr, Esq r S. Waldo, Esq r 

J. Storer, Esq r J. Dwight, Esq r 

N. Donnell, Esq r J. Moulton, Esq r 

N. Mesharve, Esq r S. Willard, Esq r 

S. Lothrop, Esq r R. Hale, Esq r 

M r W M Vaughan S. Moore, Esq r 

J. Bradstreet, Esq r 

The General acquainted the Council that a deserter 
from Louisbourg had inform'd that a number of small 
arms, ammunition and provisions were sent a few days 
since from Louisbourg to Mera to supply some of the 
French & Indians which are gathering together, and de- 


sired their opinion whether a party should be sent out to 
endeavour to take the same. 

Adviz'd, that a detachment be sent out for that pur- 
pose to consist of about 200 men. 

At a Council of War held at the camp, &c, June 15 th , 

Present The Hon ble William Pepperrell, Esq r , President. 
A. Burr, Esq r Roger Wolcott, Esq r 

J. Bradstreet, Esq r S. Waldo, Esq r 

J. Storer, Esq r J. Dwight, Esq r 

N. Donnell, Esq r J. Moulton, Esq r 

E. Evelith, Esq r S. Willard, Esq 1 

J. Gorham, Esq r R. Hale, Esq r 

S. Lothrop, Esq r S. Moore, Esq r 

R. Gridley, Esq r 
(The Hon ble Com re Warren being also present.) 

Commodore Warren having inform'd the Council that 
he was ready to attempt going into the harbour of Louis- 
bourg with his ships, if the Council should think it pru- 
dent for the army to make an attack on the town by land 
at the same time, 

Advized, that when the Commodore shall make the 
signal for going into the harbour the land forces be 
ready, & that they make a vigorous attack on the town 
when the ships are got into the harbour and the signal is 
given for attacking. 

That if the enemy offer to surrender, they shall have 
such terms granted them as the General & Commodore 
shall agree upon and consent to. 

At a Council of War held at the citadel in the city of 
Louisbourg, June 22 nd , 1745. 

Present The Hon bl8 W M Pepperrell, Esq 1 ", Presid* 

A. Noble, Esq r P. Warren, Esq r 

N. Donnell, Esq r R. Wolcott, Esq r 

T. Chandler, Esq r S. Waldo, Esq r 


E. Evelith, Esq r J. Dwight, Esq r 

J. Gorham, Esq r J. Moulton, Esq r 

N. Mesharve, Esq r S. Willard, Esq r 

S. Lothrop, Esq r S. Moore, Esq r 

R. Gridley, Esq 1 ; A. Burr, Esq r 

M r W M Vaughan J. Storer, Esq r 

Advized, that the following vessels be improved to 
transport to France as many of the prisoners as they can 
conveniently carry, and that they be got ready as soon 
as possible, viz. 

Two brig t8 & a schooner belonging to Connecticut. 

" ) 

" V Masters. 

Two sloops belonging to Boston. 

Bran ham ) __ 

ni , > Masters. 
Clark J 

A schooner belonging to York, Adams, Master. 

A sloop belonging to Portsm , Jn° Furnell, Master. 

Two belonging to Rob fc White ) 

o i t> } Masters 

bam Barnes ) 

Advized, that some of the vessels in the harbour may 

be sold to the French prisoners to transport their effects, 

if they incline to purchase the same. 

At a Council of War held at the citadel in the city of 
Louisbourg, June 24 th , 1745. 

Present The IIon bl ° Will m Pepperrell, Esq r , Presid* 

A. Noble, Esq r S. Waldo, Esq r 

N. Bonn ell, Esq r J. Dwight, Esq r 

T. Chandler, Esq r J. Moulton, Esq r 

E. Evelith, Esq r S. Willard, Esq r 

J. GORHAM, Esq r S. Gorham, Esq r 

N. MESHABVE, Esq r S. ^rooRE, Esq r 

S. Lothrop, Esq r A. Burr, Esq r 

R. (Jridley, Esq r J. Bradstreet, Esq r 

M r Will m X aug han J. Storer, Esq r 


Advized, that the Hon ble Sam 1 Waldo, Esq r , Sam 1 
Moore, Esq r , & Simon Lothrop, Esq r , be a committee to 
apprize and make an agreement for the ransom of any 
of the vessels in the harbour w ch are the property of the 
army with any of the French inhabitants who are desir- 
ous to purchase the same, for transporting themselves or 
their effects. 

Advized, that whereas many breaches are made in the 
walls & buildings of the town and batteries of Louisbourg 
by our artillery, and the Circular Battery, which did very 
much command the harbour, is render'd intirely useless 
without repair, and as the summer is the only season 
that such works can be effected here, the walls, ci tad ell, 
hospital, magazines, king's storehouses, and all other the 
king's buildings, also the batteries of the town, and the 
Grand & Island Batteries be repaired. 

That the said works and repairs be forthwith begun by 
the army. 

That the artificers employed for this purpose be al- 
lowed and paid seven shillings & six pence p r day N. E. 
currency, old tenor, for their labour. 

That common labourers be allowed and paid five shil- 
lings p r diem, said currency, for their labour. 

That the governments of the Massachusetts Bay, Con- 
necticut, and New Hampshire be inform'd as soon as may 
be of this resolution, and application be made to them at 
the same time to pay the aforesaid labourers their quota 
in proportion to their number of troops in the army, also 
to signifie their pleasure relating to their going on with 
said repairs. 

Advized, that as many transports as may be necessary 
be sent with a proper guard to fetch in all the wood cut 
at S* Peters, Mera, & other places near, as soon as possi- 
ble, for the use of this garrison & town. 


At a Council held at the citadell in the city of Louis- 
bourg, June 26% 1745. 

Present The Hon ble W M Pepperrell, Esq r , Presid* 

J. Bradstreet, Esq r S. Waldo, Esq r 

A. Noble, Esq r J. Moulton, Esq r 

S. Lotiirop, Esq r S. Gorham, Esq r 

R. Gridley, Esq r S. Moore, Esq r 

M r W" Vaughan A. Burr, Esq r 

Advized, that the mortars, coehornes, & shells which 
came from Boston be returned by first opportunity. 

That any persons who are under contracts for masts, 
and those who by reason of lameness or sickness are not 
likely to be capable of duty here, be allowed to return 

That the General write to his Excell 7 Gov r Shirley 
earnestly to request of him to come to Louisbourg as 
soon as possible. 

At a Council held at the citadell in the city of Louis- 
bourg, June 28 th ? 1745. 

Present The Hon ble W M Pepperrell, Esq r , President. 

N. Donnell, Esq r S. Waldo, Esq r 

E. Evelith, Esq r J. Dwight, Esq r 

S. Pitts, Esq r J. Moulton, Esq 1 " 

T. Chandler, Esq' S. Gorham, Esq r 

J. Gorham, Esq r S. Moore, Esq r 

N. Mesharve, Esq r A. Burr, Esq r 

S. Lothrop, Esq r J. Bradstreet, Esq r 

R. Gridley, Esq r J. Storer, Esq r 

M r W M Vaughan A. Noble, Esq r 

Advized, that it being apprehended necessary, in order 
to having a just & full representation of the services 
of the army made to his Majesty & the ministry, some 
suitable person or persons repair to London for that 
purpose as soon as possible, and that the General be 
accordingly earnestly requested to go in Rous and to 


take w th him Sam 1 Moore, Esq r , Col*, of y e N. H. re^* 
and Elisha Williams, Esq r , chaplain of y e Connetticut 

At a Council at the citadell in the city of Louisbourg, 
June 29 th , 1745. 

Present The Hon ble W M Pepperrell, Esq r , Presid* 

N. Donnell, Esq r S. Waldo, Esq r 

E. Evelith, Esq r J. Dwight, Esq r 

S. Pitts, Esq r J. Moulton, Esq r 

T. Chandler, Esq r S. Willard, Esq r 

N. Mesharve, Esq r S. Moore, Esq r 

S. Lothrop, Esq r A. Burr, Esq r 

R. Gridley, Esq r J. Bradstreet, Esq r 

M r W M Vaughan J. Storer, Esq r 

S. Gorham, Esq r A. Noble, Esq r 

Advized, that the commissaries be directed to deliver 
to the army from this time garrison allowance of rum & 
molosses, being one gill of rum p r diem to each man and 
one gallon of molosses p r week to six men. 

That the Hon ble Jo s Dwight, Esq r , Andrew Burr, Esq r , 
& Nath 1 Donnell, Esq r , be a com tee to make a proper al- 
lowance to the persons employ'd as gunners, agreeable to 
the General's promise. 

At a Council held at the citadell in the city of Louis- 
bourg, July 1 st , 1745. 

Present The Hon ble W M Pepperrell, Esq r , President. 

T. Chandler, Esq r J. Dwight, Esq r 

E. Evelith, Esq r J. Moulton, Esq r 

J. Gorham, Esq r S. Gorham, Esq r 

N. Mesharve, Esq r S. Moore, Esq r 

S. Lothrop, Esq r A. Burr, Esq r 

R. Gridley, Esq r J. Storer, Esq r 

M r W M Yaughan A. Noble, Esq r 

N. Donnell, Esq r 
(The Hon ble Com re Warren being also present.) 


Advized, that the Hon ble Sam 1 Waldo & Jo s Dwight, 
Esq 1 " 9 , Nath. Donnell, John Gorham, N. Mesharve, S. 
Lothrop, & Ric d Gridley, Esq rs , be a committee to make 
search after plunder that may be concealed by any in the 
army or transports, and to cause every person to declare 
upon oath that they have not concealed nor will conceal 
any such plunder. — Three of said committee to be a 
quorum to act therein. 

That Major Titcomb, Cap* Hodges, Cap fc King, Cap* 
Furnell, & Cap 4 Batson be appointed to get the vessels 
w ch are sunk in the harbour weighed. 

That although the necessity of some repairs being im- 
mediately made in the walls and buildings of this city 
and batteries have influenced the Council to advise that 
said repairs be forthwith begun by the army, and that the 
several governments who sent troops in the expedition 
should be applied to for payment of the same, in expec- 
tation that they would be pleased to allow the exigency 
to be a sufficient reason therefor, yet as Commodore 
Warren has been pleased to offer to join with the General 
in representing the necessity of those repairs to his 
Majesty, and in drawing bills on his Majesty's treasury 
for paying the artificers and labourers employed in effect- 
ing the same. It is therefore most expedient that the 
General do accordingly join with Commodore Warren in 
such a representation to his Majesty, and in drawing bills 
for the payment of the workmen in making what repairs 
are absolutely necessary till his Majesty's pleasure can 
be known. 

Advised and voted, that the IIon ble Jeremiah Monlton, 
Esq*, & Benjamin Green, Esq r , be joint treasurers to re- 
ceive & pay the money for the repairs to be forthwith 
made at Louisbourg, and that they be each allowed two 
and an half p r cent for the same. 




At a Council of War held at the citadell in the city of 
Louisbourg, July 6 th , 1745. 

Present The Hon ble W M Pepperrell, Esq r , Presid* 

T. Chandler, Esq r 
E. Evelith, Esq r 
S. Pitts, Esq r 
J. Gorham, Esq r 
N. Mesharve, Esq 1 
S. Lothrop, Esq r 
R. Gridley, Esq r 
M r W m y AUGHAN 

J. Choate, Esq r 
W M Williams, Esq r 

Advized, that, as the Com* 

S. Waldo, Esq r 
J. Dwight, Esq r 
J. Moulton, Esq r 
S. Willard, Esq r 
S. Gorham, Esq r 
S. Moore, Esq 1 ' 
A. Burr, Esq r 
J. Storer, Esq r 
A. Noble, Esq r 
N. Donnell, Esq r 

appointed to weigh the 

vessells & search for and secure the plunder cannot attend 
that service, the following gen 1 be chosen to weigh the 
vessels sunk in this harbour, and to search for and secure 
all the plunder belonging to the army, taking to their 
assistance herein a suitable number of men belonging to 
their respective regiments who are to [be] exempted 
from doing other duty in the mean time, and to make 
report of their proceedings as soon as may be. 

Of the General's reg* — 




Col. Burr's 

Col. Moulton's 

Col. Willard's 

Col. Moore's 

Col. Richmond's 

Col. Hale's 

Col. Gorham's 

Cap. Pearson. 
Cap. Richardson. 
Cap. H. King. 
Lieu* Black. 
Cap. Jn° Warner. 
Cap. Furnell. 
C Eastman. 
Cap. Byles. 
Cap. Cobb. 

At a Council of War held at the citadel in the city of 
Louisbourg, July 9 th , 1745. 

Present The Hon ble W M Pepperrell, Esq r , Presid* 

N. Donnell, Esq r J. Dwight, Esq r 

E. Evelith, Esq r J. Moulton, Esq r 


T. Chandler, Esq r S. Willard, Esq r 

J. Gorham, Esq r S. Gorham, Esq r 

N. Mesharve, Esq r J. Choate, Esq r 

S. Lothrop, Esq r S. Moore, Esq r 

W M Williams, Esq r J. Bradstreet, Esq 1 

M r W M Vaughan J. Storer, Esq' 

Advized, that a committee be appointed to make pro- 
vision for quartering the officers and other soldiers of 
the army in the houses of Louisbourg till further order. 

That said committee consist of the Majors of the 
several regiments, and in case of the Major's being absent 
the eldest captain of that regiment to act in his stead. 

That said committee be directed to allot two conven- 
ient houses for the commanders of his Majesty's ships 
and their officers, and one other convenient house for the 
commanders of the Colony cruizers and their officers. 

That the Biscay ship and snow in the harbour be 
libelled, in order to their regular condemnation in the 
Court of Admiralty for the benefit of y e army. 

That in case of an alarum by the appearance of ships, 
eighty men out of each regiment, w th suitable officers; 
be put on board his Majesty's ships in the harbour, for 
their assistance in resisting any attack from the enemy 
on the sea side, in case no attack be apprehended by 

Upon the following petition of Col. John Choate, 
V Colo. Will m Williams, & Major Nath. Thwing, it was 
resolved that the expedition is not to be deemed at an 
end, and that Col. Choat's reg fc are to be esteem'd part 
of the army. 

Adjourned to 8 o'clock to-morrow morning. 

The petition : 

To the Hon b,e William Pepperrell, Esq r , Lieu* General 
and Commander in Chief of his Majesty's land forces 
from New England, in the expedition against the French 
settlements at Cape Breton and islands adjacent : 


The representation and memorial of John Choat, Wil- 
liam Williams, and Nath. Thwing, field officers of the 
eighth regiment raised for said service, humbly sheweth : 
That on earnest application for that purpose made by 
your Honour in concert with the Hon ble Peter Warren, 
Esq r , Commander in Chief of his Majesty's ships of war, 
to the government of the Massachusetts Bay in New 
England, for raising a number of additional troops to join 
the said army and assist in the reduction of said settle- 
ments and islands, the s d government passed an order for 
the raising of four hundred men for the s d purpose, for 
the commanding and ordering of w ch in one regiment the 
subscribers received commissions from his Excellency 
W m Shirley, Esq r , Cap* General and Commander in Chief 
of said province, on or about the first day of June last, 
and accordingly, under the command of ten captains, 
raised ab* that number of effective voluntiers, and with 
them were actually proceeding on said expedition before 
the reduction of the town, city & castles of Louisbourg, 
and on & about the fifth instant arrived at the harbour 
of Louisbourg with eight of said companies, and the other 
two are hourly expected. But so it is, may it please 
your Honour, to our inexpressible joy, on our arrival we 
found the s d town, city, & castles of Louisbourg had sur- 
rendered to his Majesty's arms, and so the said expedition 
may be supposed or construed to be over, and of conse- 
quence the business of said eighth regiment and the 
commanding power of said officers, which by their com- 
missions is confined to the expedition, to subside and 
discontinue, together with the terms and conditions on 
which said men inlisted, and they deemed no part of 
said army. Wherefore your memorialists, in behalf of 
themselves, their officers and men, pray y r Hon r to deter- 
mine in your Council of War whether said expedition is 
over and whether the said eighth regiment are to be 
considered as no part of the army in the reduction of 



said places, that so by y r Honour's leave they may 
return home, to which they are truly willing, or if it is 
not over, and they are to be considered a part of the 
army as aforesaid, they may according to their hearty 
desire, in obedience to such orders as they shall receive 
from y r Honour, discharge the duty of their trust w r ith 
the utmost vigour, and as in duty bound shall pray. 

Jn° Choate. 

Louisbourg, July 8tb, 1745. V\T* WiLLIAMS. 

Nath l Thwing. 

At a Council of War, held by adjournment, at the cita- 
dell in the city of Louisbourg, July 10 th , 1745. 

Present The Hon ble W M Pepperrell, Esq r Presid* 

J. Bradstreet, Esq r S. Waldo, Esq r 

J. Storer, Esq r J. Dwight, Esq r 

A. Noble, Esq r J. Moulton, Esq r 

E. Evelith, Esq r S. Willard, Esq r 

S. Lothrop, Esq r S. Gorham, Esq r 

R. Gridley, Esq r S. Moore, Esq r 

W. Williams, Esq r A. Burr, Esq r 

J. Choate, Esq r 
Advized, that whereas the committee appointed yes- 
terday to make disposition for quartering the army 
decline that service, the members of the Council, exclu- 
sive of the general officers, forthwith proceed to make 
such disposition. 

Advized, that the commissaries be ordered forthwith to 
purchase rum here, if to be had, or for want thereof 
brandy sufficient for the army for one month from this 
time, and draw on the commissary general for the same, 
also what molosses and provisions of any kind they can 
purchase here at reasonable rate for bills on the commis- 
sary general. 

Advized, that the commission officers of each regiment 
be directed to make choice of some person to be an 
agent for their respective regiments, and that those 


agents choose a Treasurer and Clerk in order to take 
care of the plunder belonging to the army. 

Advized unanimously, that the Biscay ship & snow, 
after being condemned in the Court of Admiralty, be 
forthwith sent to France on the ace* of the army, with as 
many of the French here as they can conveniently carry. 

At a Council of War held at the citadel in the city of 
Louisbourg, July 15 th , 1745. 

Present The Hon ble W M Pepperrell, Esq r , Presid 6 

N. Donnell, Esq r S. Waldo, Esq r 

E. Evelith, Esq r J. D wight, Esq r 

S. Pitts, Esq" J. Moulton, Esq r 

J. Gorham, Esq r S. Willard, Esq r 

N. Mesharve, Esq r S. Moore, Esq r 

R. Gridley, Esq r A. Burr, Esq r 

S. Lothrop, Esq r J. Bradstreet, Esq r 

J. Choate, Esq r J. Storer, Esq r 

W. Williams, Esq r A. Noble, Esq r 

(The Hon We Com re Warren being also present.) 

Advized, that notes or bills under the hands and seals 
of Gen 1 Pepperrell and Com re Warren be made to the 
value of ten thousand pounds, New England currency of 
the old tenor, to pay ofT the workmen employed on the 
repairs till money can be had here to exchange them. 

That said notes or bills be of the denomination of 

5/, 10/, 15/, 30/, & £3, — two thousand pounds of each, 

and of the foll g tenor. 

Louisbourg. . 

(No. ) 174^ (Denomination.) 

The possessor of this bill issued for service done on the 
repairs and for contingent charges of this garrison is 
intitled to New England currency of the 

old tenor, from us. 




That all the bills of each denomination be written by 
the same hand. 

That Jos. Dwight 
And. Burr 
W m Williams } 
Eic d Gridley 
Jn° Storer 
be a committee to prepare said bills. 

That a proclamation be issued, notifying that the pos- 
sessors of said bills shall have them exchanged at the 
Treasury here, and prohibiting the altering, counterfeit 8 , 
or forging any of them, or passing them know g them to 
be altered, counterfeited or forged, on penalty of the 
person or persons so offending having one of their ears 
cut off and paying treble damages upon due conviction. 

Advized, that the soldiers employed in loading and in 
landing wood for the use of this garrison be paid five 
shill 23 N. E. currency, old tenor, p r day for their service 
upon proper certificate from the overseers. 

That the commissaries be order'd to purchase fresh 
provisions for the sick in the army in lieu of their allow- 
ance of salt provisions. 

At a Council held at the citadell in the city of Louis- 
bourg, July 20 th , 1755. 

Present The Hon ble W M Pepperrell, Esq r , Presid* 

J. Storer, Esq r g. Waldo, Esq r 

N. Donnell, Esq r J. Dwtght, Esq r 

E. EVELITH, Esq r J. Moulton, Esq r 

Jn° Gorham, Esq r S. Willard, Esq r 

R. Gridley, Esq r A. Burr, Esq r 

S. Lothrop, Esq r S. Moore, Esq r 

W. Willtams, Esq r J. Choate, Esq r 

N. Thomas, Esq r J. Bradstreet, Esq r 

Advized, that the members of the Council of War and 
the Secretary be hereby appointed and authorized to 
administer all oaths necessary to be taken by any per- 


sons in this place in the same manner as his Maj. Justices 
of y e Peace in civil govern* 8 , which advice was • approved 
of by the General. 

Advized, that the following oath be taken by the mas- 
ters of all vessels before they be permitted to sail out of 
this port, viz*. 

You, A. B., do solemnly swear by the name of the 
Everliving God, the Searcher of all Hearts, that there is 
not, to the best of your knowledge, on board the (the ves- 
sel's name) whereof you are master, now bound out of this 
port any plunder belonging to the army or fleet in this 
place, and that you will not knowingly carry away any 
such plunder nor any person or persons belonging to the 
said army, or to any vessell in this port, who are not 
lawfully licenced to depart, and that you will faithfully 
and without any reserve discover and make known to the 
chief commanding officer here, before you depart out of 
this port, any such plunder or persons on board your own 
or any other vessell, or in any other place conceal'd, 
designed or intended to be transported or carried off as 
aforesaid. So Help You, God. 

That all masters of vessells coining into this port shall 
pay four shillings sterling each voyage towards defraying 
the charges of the lighthouse and one shilling sterl s to 
the commanding officer at the Island Battery. 

That the commissaries be ordered to contract w th some 
baker or bakers to bake up the flour into bread for the 

Advized unanimously, that as the barracks in this place 
are not sufficient for the accommodation of the soldiers, a 
new barrack be built under the direction of his Maj. 
engineers sufficient for accommodating seven hund d men 
with their officers. 

N. B. By the General's order, the troops lately arrived 
from Rhode Island & Connetticutt are received into the 


At a Council of War held at the citadell in the city of 
Louisbourg, July 24 th , 1745. 

Present The IIon ble W M Pepperrell, Esq r , President. 
A. Noble, Esq r S. Waldo, Esq r 

N. Donnell, Esq r J. Dwight, Esq r 

E. Evelith, Esq r J. Moulton, Esq r 

S. Pitts, Esq r S. Willard, Esq r 

J. Gorham, Esq r S. Richmond, Esq r 

S. Lothrop, Esq 1 " S. Gorham, Esq r 

N. Mesharve, Esq 1 A. Burr, Esq r 

N. Thomas, Esq r S. Moore, Esq r 

R. Gridley, Esq r J. Choate, Esq r 

W. Williams, Esq r J. Bradstreet, Esq r 

J. Storer, Esq r 

Advized, that the agents chosen by the several regi- 
ments of this army to take care of the plunder be 
further impowered to act in respect of said plunder. 

That the said agents be accordingly impowered to 
divide said plunder to and among the persons intitled 
thereto in such method as the major part of said agents 
shall agree, or to sell the same at public vendue and cause 
the produce thereof to be divided in the abovesaid manner, 
and that said agents be notified that it is the opinion of 
this Council that it will be most convenient to make a 
division of said plunder by lot, rather than to make pub- 
lic sale of it. 

The Hon ble S. Waldo, Esq r , enter'd his dissent as follows, 

In behalf of my regiment I dissent to the power pro- 
posed to be given the agents for selling the vessels, or 
any part of the plunder that can be divided, according 
to the memorial & petition of my regiment. 

Louisbourg, July 2i<\ 1745. S. Waldo. 

Advized, that whereas Cap' Fletcher has offered to sell 
for the use of the army the cargo of the schooner lately 
taken by him, the commissaries be directed to purchase 


said cargo at the Boston market price and draw on the 
commissary general in Boston for the same. 
Adjourned to 3 of the clock, p. m. 

At a Council held by adjournment as above. 

Advized, that the fee appointed to be paid by all 
masters of vessels towards the support of the lighthouse 
be received by the Secretary when the permit to pass the 
Island Battery is given. 

That all masters of vessells pay one shilling sterling to 
the Secretary for each permit given to pass the Island 

That the Island Battery fee be paid at the Island 

At a Council of War held at the citadell in the city of 
Louisbourg, July 31 st , 1745. 

Present The Hon ble W M Pepperrell, Esq r , Presid* 

J. Bradstreet, Esq r S. Waldo, Esq r 

A. Noble, Esq r J. Dwight, Esq r 

E. Evelith, Esq r J. Moulton, Esq r 

S. Pitts, Esq r S. Willard, Esq r 

W M Williams, Esq r S. Richmond, Esq r 

N. Thomas, Esq r J. Choate, Esq r 

N. Mesharve, Esq r S. Moore, Esq r 

R. Gridley, Esq r A. Burr, Esq r 

Whereas several complaints of Cap* Cutter's miscon- 
duct at Canso have been made to the General, 

Advized, that the General forthwith send him express 
orders to repair to Louisbourg that the grounds of s d com- 
plaints may be duly examined into. 

Advized, that the commissaries be directed forthwith 
to purchase one month's further allowance of rum out 
of any vessells in this harbour (allowing 15/ old t r N. E. 
curr y p r gall n for N. E. rum) and draw on the commissary 
general in Boston for the same. 


That the commissaries be accordingly directed to re- 
pair on board the several vessels in the harbour that have 
rum on board and secure and land the same for the use 
of the army, and that the Col. of each regiment supply 
them with men sufficient to enable them to put this order 
in execution. 

At a Council of War held at the citadell in the city of 
Louisbourg Aug fc 5 th , 1745. 

Present The Hon ble W M Pepperrell, Esq r , Preside 

S. Pitts, Esq r S. Waldo, Esq r 

J. Gorham, Esq r J. Dwight, Esq r 

E. Evelith, Esq r S. Willard, Esq r 

S. Lothrop, Esq r S. Richmond, Esq r 

N. MesHx^rve, Esq r A. Burr, Esq r 

N. Thomas, Esq r S. Moore, Esq r 

W. Williams, Esq r J. Storer, Esq r 

A. Noble, Esq 1 

Upon the following memorial, viz fc . 

To the Hon ble William Pepperrell, Esq r , Lieu 1 General, 
and Commander in Chief of his Majesty's forces in Louis- 
bourg, and the Hon ble Council of War now in Louisbourg, 
sheweth that whereas there is in the storehouses here a 
great quantity of flour, butter, pease, tallow, candlewick, 
bed jacks, blanketts, belonging to the captors which is 
apprehended by us will be serviceable to and wanting for 
the army, and if your Honours think proper to take them, 
or any part of them, for their use, and order the com- 
missaries here, they taking an account thereof, after being 
valued by some proper persons whom your Honour shall 
appoint, to draw upon the commissary general at Boston 
for pay therefor, that so an equal division may be made 
among the captors, or order payment for the same some 
other way as your Honours shall agree upon; this is to 
inform your Honour that we apprehend that it will be the 
shortest and best way to make a general satisfaction to 


the captors, and most serviceable to the Crown and pro- 
vinces to whom we belong, and are, gentlemen, jour 
Honours' most obedient and dutiful servants. 

By order of the Agents, 

Jon a Bagly, Clerk. 

Louisbourg, Aug* 5 th , 1745. 

Advized, that the above proposal be accepted, and the 
commissaries be order'd to receive the abovementioned 
goods, after being first apprized by Mess rs W m Winslow, 
Jeremiah Miller, and Melatiah Bourne, who are to make 
^eturn into the Secretary's office and take further orders 
for the payment thereof. 

At a Council of War held at the citadell in the city of 
Louisbourg, Aug* 9 th , 174.5. 

Present The Hon ble W M Pepperrell, Presid* 

J. Bradstreet, Esq r S. Waldo, Esq r 

J. Storer, Esq r J. Dwight, Esq r 

A. Noble, Esq r J. Moulton, Esq r 

N. Donnell, Esq r S. Willard, Esq r 

S. Pitts, Esq r S. Richmond, Esq r 

W. Williams, Esq r S. Gorham, Esq r 

N. Thomas, Esq r A. Burr, Esq r 

S. Lothrop, Esq r S. Moore, Esq r 

J. Choate, Esq r 

Advized, that no persons be allowed to keep sutling 
houses or houses of public entertainment in this place 
without licence from the General, and that at present not 
more than six such houses be allowed in the city, & one 
at the Grand & another at y e Island Battery. 

That Brig r Dwight, Col. Storer & Col. Williams be 
a com tee to examine the acc ts of the persons employ'd in 
gett g & land g the wood, who are to swear the overseers 
and certifie to the General & Commodore accordingly. 


At a Council of War held at the citadell in the city of 
Louisbourg, Sept r 10 th , 1745. 

Present : His Excellency W M Shirley, Esq r , The Hon ble 
W M Pepperrell, Esq r , 

Sam l Waldo, Jer. Moulton, Sam l Willard, Shubael Gorham, 
Sam l Moore, John Choate, John Bradstreet, John Storer, 
Nath l Donnell, John Gorham, Simon Lothrop, Nath. Mes- 
harve, W u Williams, Nath l Thomas, Esq re . 

His Excellency acquainted the Council with the intelli- 
gence given upon oath this day of a number of ships seen 
last Wednesday off Cape Sables and a letter from Com re 
Warren to his Excell y , inclosing the result of a consulta- 
tion held thereon by the Commodore and his council of 
officers, and desired their opinion thereon ; which being 
considered and the question put : Whether it would be 
consistent with the safety of this garrison and the bat- 
teries that his Majesty's ships of war now in this harbour 
under the command of Com re Warren should leave this 
place whilst they proceed to Annapolis Royal in quest of 
the said French squadron? 

The Council gave their opinion (unanimously) in the 

The question being also put : Whether it was consis- 
tent w th the safety of this place that a number of the 
troops in this garrison not exceeding six hundred should 
be permitted to inlist to go on board his Majesty's ships 
here as marines, to proceed w th them to Annapolis on 
this occasion and to return to his Maj ty ' s service here as 
soon as possible afterwards ? 

The Council unanimously gave their opinion in the 
affirmative, and agreed that such a number of men, or as 
many of them as would go voluntarily upon that service, 
should be forthwith raised and put on board his Majesty's 


At a Council held at the citadell in the city of Louis- 
bourg, Sept r 17% 1745. 

Present: His Excellency W M Shirley, Esq r ." The Hon ble 
W M Pepperrell, Esq r : 

Sam l Waldo, Jer. Moulton, Sam l Willard, Sylvester 
Richmond, Sam l Moore, John Choate, Jn° Bradstreet, John 
Storer, Nath l Donnell, Sam l Pitts, Simon Lothrop, Nath. 
Mesharve, R. G ridley, Esq rs . 

His Excellency having acquainted the Council that he 
had this day been inform'd that a great number of the 
soldiers in his Majesty's service in this garrison had com- 
bined to lay down their arms the day following, under 
pretence of some grievances, and it appearing upon in- 
quiry that there is a spirit of discontent very much pre- 
vailing in the army, and which there is reason to fear 
may be immediately attended with very ill consequences 
without speedy application of some suitable measures for 
prevention thereof, and it appearing further that the 
cause of their discontent, besides their being detain'd 
here so long already, contrary to their expectations when 
they engaged in the expedition, their prospect of being 
detain'd a considerable time longer ; their being unpro- 
vided with cloathing and other necessaries; and their not 
being paid any part of their wages due, — is their being 
obliged to continue in the service on the very low pay of 
25/ p r month, especially as they have been disappointed 
of the chief part of the plunder to which they were in- 
tituled by his Excellency's proclamation ; and the troops 
here in the pay of the Colony of Connecticut receive 40/ 
p r month, new tenour, and those of Rhode Island 50/. 

Advized unanimously, that as a necessary means to re- 
move the uneasiness in the army on that account which 
may otherwise be probably attended with the worst con- 
sequences to his Majesty's service and the interest of New 
England and all the British Northern Colonies, his Excel- 
lency would be pleased to declare to the army that the 


wages of such of the soldiers in the pay of the province 
of the Massachusetts Bay as it shall be found necessary 
to retain in his Majesty's service in this garrison till the 
next spring shall be after the rate of 40/ new tenour, of 
the N. E. currency, p r month, from this day till the time 
of their dismission. And further that his Excellency 
would be pleased to recommend it in the strongest man- 
ner to the government of New Hampshire to raise the 
wages of the troops here in the pay of that government 
to the same rate. 

At a Council, &c, Sept r 24 th . 

Present : His Excell y W M Shirley, Esq r . Sir W M Pepperrell, 
Bar 4 , 

S. Waldo, J. Moulton, S. Willard, S. Richmond, S. Moore, 
J. Bradstreet, J. Storer, A. Noble, W m Williams, S. Lothrop, 
R. G RIDLEY, N. Mesharve, S. Gorham, J. Gorham, J. Choate, 

His Excellency desired the opinion of the Council 
whether it may be prudent and adviseable for his 
Majesty's service to send a detachment of 300 or 400 of 
the troops now here (with a number of vessells) to the 
island of S fc Johns to destroy the settlements there and 
remove the inhabitants to New Endand. 

Advized, that Brig r Waldo, Col. Gorham, and Col. 
Moore be desired to make inquiry into the practicable- 
ness of such a proceeding, and what vessells suitable 
therefor are in this harbour, and, if it appears to them 
prudent to be attempted, to make the necessary prepara- 
tions therefor with all possible dispatch. 

At a Council, &c, Oct r 2 nd , 1745. 

Present: His Excellency Will m Shirley, Esq r . Sir W M Pep- 

S. Waldo, J. Moulton, S. Willard, S. Richmond, S. Gor- 
n LM, J. Choate, S. Moore, J. Bradstreet, J. Storer, A. Noble, 
B. Pitts, J. Gobham, W. Williams, S. Lothrop, R. Gridley, 
X. Mesharye. 


His Excellency desired the opinion and advice of the 
Council relating to the number of soldiers necessary to 
be retained here for the security of this place from the 
last of October to the beginning of March next. 

Upon which after a debate and consideration of the 
matter the Council gave their opinion as follows, viz*. 

Fourteen of the members, viz*., Sir W m Pepperrell, 
Brig r Waldo, Col s Moulton, Willard, Richmond, Gorham, 
Choate, L fc Co? Storer, Noble, Pitts, Gorham, Williams, 
Gridley, Mesharve, were of opinion that 2000 men are 
sufficient and necessary for that purpose. 

Col. Moore 1500 men 

Col. Bradstreet 3000 

L* Col. Lothrop 2500 

His Excellency then inquired of the members of the 
Council what the present temper and disposition of their 
respective regiments was, and whether they were of 
opinion that the last declaration he had made to them 
and the measures which he had taken for appeasing the 
spirit of discontent, which he had been informed had 
lately led great numbers of them into combinations to 
lay down their arms upon the open parade and refuse 
doing duty any longer and to insist upon their being 
immediately dismiss'd from the service, had sufficiently 
appeased it, or whether it was adviseable for him to take 
any other, and what, means for that purpose. 

Whereupon the Council unanimously declared, that it 
was their opinion that his Excellency's said declaration 
and measures had quite appeased the late spirit of dis- 
content, and that the soldiers appeared well satisfied 
since his declaration to them, saving that many of them 
were uneasy at their prospect of being detain'd here 
from their families till spring, and some of them for want 
of cloaths. 


At a Council, &c, Oct r 11 th , 1745. 

Present : His Excellency W M Shirley, Esq r & Rear Admiral 

S r William Pepperrell, Bar*, S. Waldo, J. Moulton, S. 
Moore, J. Choate, J. Bradstreet, J. Storer, A. Noble, S. Pitts, 


Gridley, Esq". 

His Excellency desired the opinion of the Council, 
Whether it is for his Majesty's interest to continue the 
garrison at Canso, or have the troops, cannon, and stores 
there removed this winter ? 

Whereupon it was unanimously Advized, that the said 
troops, cannon, and stores be forthwith removed. 

The Council further Advized, 

That the 42 nd rs cannon and their carriages be re- 
moved from the Grand Battery into this city so soon as 
the season shall be past that any shipping of the enemy 
can be expected, and they be replaced in the said battery 
early in the spring. (Mem°. Col. Gridley desired his dis- 
sent might be noted.) 

That there be ten wood vessells retain'd in the service 
for the wooding this garrison so long as the season will 

That there be two small vessells kept as tenders to 
cruise round this island and carry dispatches as occasion 
may require, besides those two w ch Admiral Warren has 
taken into the service. 

Col. Moore, Col. Bradstreet, and Col. Gorham were 
appointed to consider of some proper regulation with 
regard to the consumption of the wood in this garrison, 
also to prevent the soldiers needless consumption of their 

Brig* Waldo, Col. Choate, and Col. Bradstreet were 
also appointed to consider what quantity of each species 
of provision will be suitable to allow each soldier in this 
garrison, and make report. 


Advised further, that 4000 palisadoes be provided in the 
best manner, and as soon as may be, for the use of this 
garrison, and 8000 fascines. 

That one man in each comp a be allow'd forthwith to go 
home on furlo, in order to bring supplies for their fellow 
soldiers, and return as soon as possible. 

W. Williams, Beery pro hac vice. 

At a Council held at Louisbourg, November 28 th , 1745. 

Present : Sir William Pepperrell, Bar* 

S. Waldo, S. Moore, J. Bradstreet, J. Gorham, W. Williams, 
S. Lothrop. 

The Hon ble Peter Warren, Esq r , being also present, 
read to the Council the Duke of Newcastle's late letter to 
him, and acquainted them that as his commission for the 
government of this place, mentioned in the said letter, was 
not yet arrived, he should act in conjunction with General 
Pepperrell in everything for y e security and good regula- 
tion of this place. 

Advised, that inasmuch as for want of a proper regula- 
tion some persons in this place have demanded an extra- 
vagant price for fresh meat, an order be issued out that 
all fresh meat exposed to sale in this place shall for the 
future be sold by the pound w*, and that no person shall 
presume to demand, nor receive, for any fresh beef, mut- 
ton, lamb, or porke by them exposed to sale in this place 
more than at the rate of six pence sterl g p r pound, upon 
penalty of forfieting the said meat for the use of the sick 
and ten shillings sterl g for the informer.* 

And any member of the Council may try and pass 
sentence upon any breach of this order upon information 
given him, and if any of the parties think themselves 
agreived by his judgm* they may appeal to the next 
General Council. 

This regulation to continue in force till the l 8fc day of 

* See order post, p. 73. — Eds. 


May next, or till further orders, and publick notice to be 
given hereof. 

Advised further, that for the regulation of such persons 
as shall be allowed to keep sutling houses or to retail 
spirituous liquors in this place, they be enjoined on for- 
fieture of their licence, and suffering such other penalty 
as shall be thought proper, not to demand or receive for 
the following liquors more than the rates thereto annexed, 

Rum by retail from \ a gill to 1 gall n 5/ sterl g p r gall" 
Madeira Wine do 8/ 

Claret Wine do 4/ 

Syder do 3 d p r quart 

Half a pint of rum w tb beer & sugar (flip) 6 d p r quart 
Half a pint of do w th water & sugar (punch) 6 d p r quart 

At a Council, &c, Dec r 6 th , 1745. 

Present S r W M Pepperrell, Bar* 

S. Waldo, S. Moore, J. Bradstreet, J. Gorham, S. Lothrop, 
W. Williams. 

The Hon ble Rear Admiral Warren being also present. 

It appearing that Catharine Farrell, alias M c Mahone, 
alias Sweet, at present residing in this place is a person 
of a notorious bad character, and in particular it appear g 
to y e Council that she has been guilty of y e crime of adul- 
tery by being married to two men in this garrison, both 
here at this time, 

Advised, that she be whipt 20 lashes at the cart-tail 
to-morrow at one of y e clock at y e parade & water side, 
and then be put out of y e garrison. 

Mem , she plead 8 her belly the whipping was omitted. 

At a Council, &c, December 11 th , 1745. 

Present Sir W M Pepperrell, Bar*. 

S. Waldo, S. Moore, S. Gorham, J. Bradstreet, S. Lo- 
throp, W. Willtams. 

The IIon blc P. Warren, Esq r , being also present. 


Advised, that in consideration of our constant depen- 
dence upon the favour and blessing of Almighty God for 
the continuance of all our mercies, both of a publick and 
private nature, and for the averting those judgments w ch 
our sins have most righteously deserved (and especially 
on acc fc of y e great sickness and mortality prevailing in 
this garrison) Wednesday, the 18 th ins 4 , be observed as a 
day of publick fasting and prayer in this place.* 

Advised, that in consideration of ruinous condition of 
the houses in this city and the inconvenience of the 
soldiers' being quartered therein, barracks be built as 
soon as may be for 2000 men more w th their officers. 

At a Council, &c, Dec r 28 th , 1745. 

Present Sir W M Pepperrell, Bar*. 

S. Waldo, S. Gorham, S. Moore, W. Williams, and E. 
Goodrich, Esq 18 . 

The General having communicated to the Council a 
certain scandalous writing or libell tending to sedition 
and mutiny in this garrison, directed to the Hon ble Sir 
P. Warren, Esq r ., &c, and to Sir W m Pepperrell, K fc Bar- 
onett, &c, and stiled the submissive address of all the 
Irish soldiers and inferiour officers in the city of Louisbourg, 
not signed by any person but owned (before the aforesaid 
gentlemen) by one John Ryan to have been written by 
him, and the said Ryan being a person strongly suspected 
to be of Popish principles, and he not being in his 
Majesty's service in this garrison, and lately belonged to 
the sea service on board the Shirley Galley, John Rous, 

Advised, that the Hon ble Admiral Warren be desired to 
give orders that he may be received on board of one of 
his Majesty's ships in this port till there shall be oppor- 
tunity to send him from hence. 

* See the proclamation post, p. 74. — Eds. 


At a Council, &c, December 30 th , 1745. 

Present Sir Will m Pepperrell, Bar*. 

S. Waldo, S. Gorham, S. Moore, S. Lothrop, W. Williams, 
& E. Goodrich, Esq". 

The General laid before the Council an ace* of sundries 
amount 8 to £2280. 8. 8 sterl g delivered by the agents for 
the army to the commissary & storekeeper of y e warlike 
stores for the use of this garrison, and desired their opin- 
ion whether all the articles therein specified were neces- 
sary to be purchased for his Majesty's service here. 

Which the Council were of opinion were necessary to 
be purchased for that purpose. 

At a Council, &c, Jan 17 8 th , 1745. 

Present S r W M Pepperrell, Bar*. 

S. Waldo, S. Gorham, S. Moore, S. Lothrop, W. Williams, 
& E. Goodrich, Esq r8 . 

Advised that Admiral Warren and y e General be de- 
sired to send a vessell express to England forthwith to 
inform of y e sickly state of this garrison, &c, and to write 
to y° several Governours in y e Colonies on the same affair. 

Mem . Appointed to take enre of y e wreck'd goods: 
M r Winslow, M r Shipton, M r Mumford, Cap* Bourne, M r 

At a Council held at Louisbourg, Jan ry 20 th , 1745. 

Present Sir W M Pepperrell, Bar*, President. 

Brig* Waldo, Col. Gorham, Col. Moore, Col. Bradstreet, 
Col. Lothrop, Col. Williams, Col. Goodrich. 

Advised, that the goods saved from y e wreck of the 
ship Uousby be apprized upon oath by three persons of 
skill & reputation, and that they be then sold by publick 
vendue by the persons before appointed to take care of 

* See the order to them post, p. 81 — Eds. 


Cap* Tidmarsh, Cap fc Seager, & M r Isaacs to apprize 
said goods. 

Advised, that all persons who have been upon the 
wreck of y e Rousby be sworn concerning y e goods saved. 

At a Council held at Louisbourg, Feb ry 8 th , 1745. 

Present S r W M Pepperrell, Bar*. 

S. Waldo, S. Moore, S. Lothrop, J. Gorham, W. Williams, 
E. Goodrich. 

Advised, that the Captains of y e several companies in 
this garrison take from the commissaries their men's al- 
lowance weekly, and distribute the same to their men as 
their circumstances require, viz fc ., either their well or sick 

Advised, that W m Piggot be allowed to keep a house 
of public entertainment in this city. 

Advised, that a burying ground be laid out without the 
West Gate, and no persons be suffered to bury the dead 
elsewhere, and that all graves be dug at least 3 feet deep 
below y e surface of y e ground. 

Advised, that the persons appointed to take care of the 
wreck goods of y e Rousby be directed to give an ace* of 
what the goods saved sold for, also an ace* of how many 
men were employed in saving them, and what time they 
were on that service, in order to settle y e salvage. 

At a Council held at Louisbourg, Feb ry 10 th , 1745. 

Present The Hon ble Lieu* General Pepperrell. 

L* Col. Gorham Brigadier Waldo 

L* Colo. Williams. Colonel Moore 

Colonel Lothrop 

The General communicated to the Council a vote of 
the Hon ble General Court of the Province of the Mass ts 
Bay relating to a quantity of fresh provisions, &c, sent 
for the sick officers > and soldiers here in y e pay of that 


province, and desired their advice as to the best method 
of distributing the same in an equal and exact manner, 
agreable to the intention of v e said vote. 

Whereupon it was unanimously Advised, that the 
General comitt the care of y e said fresh provisions to 
the commissaries to be by them delivered out to the 
Captains (or other chief command 8 officers) of the sev- 
eral companies (of y e forces in y e pay of the s d province 
in this garrison) in proportion to y e numbers of y e sick in 
their respective companies, giving a rec* to y e commis- 
saries therefor, and that the s d Captains and other officers 
who shall receive the same be strictly enjoined to make 
distribution thereof among their sick in an equal & 
exact manner according to y e intention of the afore- 
mentioned vote. 

At a Council at Louisbourg, Feb ry 18 th , 1745. 

Present The Hon ble S r W M Pepperrell, Bar*. 

S. Waldo, S. Moore, J. Bradstreet, S. Lothrop, J. Gorham, 
W. Williams, Esq 18 . 

Advised, that orders be given to the commanding 
officer at y e West Gate guard to take one foot, cord 
measure, of wood from every horse sled load bro* into y e 
city, and that the same be equally distributed to y e 
several guards and the hospital every evening, and that 
every regiment get wood for themselves. 

At a Council held at Louisbourg, Feb ry 28 th , 1745. 

Present The ITon blc Sir W H Pepperrell, Bar*. 

S. Waldo, S. Moore, J. Bradstreet, S. Lothrop, W" Wil- 
liams, Esq™. 

Upon a representation made by John Franklin that a 
certain parcel of money was some time past committed 
to his care by Thomas Redwood, lately belonging to his 
Majesty's ship Superbe, who died in this place the 5 th 


day of Nov r last, and that he the said Franklin, being 
some time after taken sick, gave the key of his room and 
chest where said money was to one John Evans, one of 
the soldiers from New England, and that when said 
Evans return'd him the key of his chest he found that 
part of said money was taken away, and the said Evans 
being also since dead such a parcel of money was found 
in his chest, which he presumed could be made to appear 
to be undoubtedly the beforementioned money, & de- 
sired to have a hearing on y e affair, and sundry evidences 
on both sides appear g before y e Council, & being sworn 
and examined on the affair, the Council were of opinion 
that it appeared by y e evidence given that the money 
found in the chest of the afores d Evans, being 4 dou, 
dou, loons, 3 36 shill s pieces, 2 guineas, 5 pistoles, and 
9 half pistoles, was the aboves d money belonging to y e 
aforementioned Tho 8 Redwood, and ought to be delivered 
to y e proper officer of the ship to w ch he lately belong'd, 
for y e use of his widow & children or other lawfull heirs. 

The General communicated to the Council a letter 
from Cap* Bastide, desiring leave to inlist men for Col. 
Shirley's reg* out of the troops here. 

The Council advised, that all such inlistments be de- 
ferr'd for the present, in order first to receive Gov r 
Shirley's letter to y e General relating y e same, men- 
tion' d in Col. Ellison's letter to M r Bastide. 

At a Council at Louisbourg, March 5 th , 1745. 

Present The Hon ble Sir W M Pepperrell, Bar* 

S. Waldo, S. Moore, J. Bradstreet, J. Gorham, S. Lothrop. 
The Hon ble Adra 1 Warren being also present. 

Advised, that the men be removed out of the barracks 
into the houses in order to have y e barracks cleans'd and 
repair'd for y e reception of the troops expected. 

That an officer from each regim* be appointed to 


attend y e barrack master, to visit the houses, and provide 
room for y e reception of the men now in the barracks.* 

Maj 1 Titcomb, Maj r Gardner, Cap* Hale, Cap* Smith- 
son, Cap* Cobb, & Cap* Cheney were appointed for that 

At a Council at Louisbourg, March 6 th , 1745. 

Present : The Hon ble S r W M Pepperrell, Bar*. 

S. Waldo, S. Moore, J. Bradstreet, & S. Lothrop, Esq rs . 
The Hon ble Admiral Warren being also present. 

Advised, that the vessells in this port that are suitable 
to fetch wood from y e adjacent ports of this island be 
taken up and employ'd in that service. That three dol- 
lars p r cord be given for all wood brought by any such 
vessells as are not in the pay of the government, and one 
dollar p r cord for all wood brought by vessells in y e pay 
of the government, said dollar p r cord to be divided 
among all the men on board, the master to have 4 

Mem added below. 

Mem . To allow y e masters of vessells for carrying 
French persons to New Engl d , viz., for vessells in y e pay 
of y e govern* one dollar for each ; for vessels not in y e 
pay of y e govern* two dollars for each. 
Mem added Besides w ch , the Admiral promis'd to 

to y c above give one dollar p r cord the first trip for en- 
relating wood couragement, and it was agreed that one 
dollar p r cord should be divided among all the persons 
on board for y e wood brought by such vessels [as] are not 
in the pay of the province (the master having four shares 
as in those in y e pay of y e province.) 

See the order post, p. 85. — Eds. 


At a Council held at Louisbourg, March 10 th , 1745. 

Present S r W M Pepperrell, Bar*. 

S. Waldo, S. Moore, J. Bradstreet, J. Gorham, & S. 
Lothrop, Esq rs . 

The Hon ble Admiral Warren being also present. 

Advised, that the cannon at the Grand Battery be 
remounted as soon as may be ? and said battery be put in 
fighting order. 

At a Council held at Louisbourg, March 11 th , 1745. 

Present Sir William Pepperrell, Bar*. 

S. Waldo, S. Moore, J. Bradstreet, J. Gorham, & S. 
Lothrop, Esq rs . 

The Hon ble Admiral Warren being also present. 

Complaint being made to the Council by Jon a Oak, 
W m Coy, and W m Piggot against Cap* Peircey, repre- 
senting that on y e 10 th day of March, 1745, at y e house 
of Tho s Poor, inholder in this city, they heard the said 
Peircey drink an health to the Pretender, &c. The parties 
were summon'd before the Council, and several evi- 
dences on both sides being sworn and examined, it 
appear'd that s d complaint was founded on a misappre- 
hension of s d Peircy's words and that the health drank 
by him was Long life to the Potatoes. 

At a Council held at Louisbourg, March 26 th , 1746. 

Present The Hon ble Sir W M Pepperrell, Bar*. 

S. Moore, J. Bradstreet, J. Gorham, S. Lothrop, & W M 
Williams, Esq rs . 

(The Hon ble Admiral Warren being also present.) 

Advised, that one half of the value of the goods saved 
from the wreck of the Rousby be allowed for salvage. 

That a general court martial be called for y e tryal 
of John Irving for striking Doc r Rob* Keath, who was 
found soon after dead in his bed. 


That the houses and streets of this city be forthwith 
cleansed, and that the inhabitants of each house clean 
round the same, and that the dirt be carryed out of the 
city, and that y e Colonel of each reg* appoint one or 
more suitable persons to do the same, and also to cut 
canals round y e houses to drain off the melted snow 
water &e. # 

That no acc t8 for work done in this place be allowed & 
paid by y e Gen 1 & Adm 1 but where s d work was done 
by their order; and that no corporal punishm* be in- 
flicted on any in y e army w th out their knowledge.! 

At a Council held at Louisbourg, April 10 th , 1746. 

Present The Hon ble Sir W M Pepperrell, Bar*. 

Brig r Waldo, Col's Moore, Lothrop, Bradstreet, Gorham, 

(The IIon ble Adm r Warren being also present.) 

Advised, that in consideration of the necessity of some 
good houses of public entertainment within this city for 
y e accommodation of the gen 1 officers expected here, the 
large house at the northeast corner of the parade be 
repair'd for that purpose, and that M r Withered be al- 
lowed to improve it as a tavern during pleasure, and 
that the com tee appointed to quarter y e soldiers remove 
the men now in said house. 

At a Council held at Louisbourg, April 12 th , 1746. 

Present The FIon ble Sir Willtam Pepperrell, Baronet. 

Brig* Waldo, Col 3 Moore, Lothrop, Bradstreet, Williams, 
Gorham, Goodrich. 

(The IIon ble Admiral Warren being also present.) 

In order to prevent uneasiness and disputes about the 
houses and lands within this city. 

Advised, that inasmuch as application has been made 
to his Majesty by the Hon ble Peter Warren & Sir \V m 

* See the order port, p. 85 v — Ens. 

t See the order post, p. 80. — Eds. 


Pepperrell that he would be graciously pleas'd to signifie 
his royal pleasure relating to the distribution of the 
houses and lands of this acquisition, to w ch they have not 
yet rec d his Majesty's answer, the s d houses & land re- 
main to the captors of the acquisition and that no other 
persons possess or occupy the same but by leave from 
the commanders in chief & the Council. 

And whereas the present barracks are not sufficient 
for y e reception of y e troops expected, 

Advised, that suitable houses be improved for their 
accommodation till y e new barracks are built. But that 
none of the officers who were on the expedition shall be 
obliged to remove out of any part of houses now in their 
own occupation without the further determination of the 
commanders in chief & the Council, untill his Majesty's 
pleasure is known. 

Upon a petition of the agents of the several regiments 
of y e army setting forth 

[Large blank.'] 

Advised that each regiment choose a suitable person to 
be a committee to examine y e acco ts of y e s d agents and 
to make report to y e Council. 

At a Council held at Louisbourg, April 13 th , 1746. 

Present The Hon ble Sir W M Pepperrell, Bar*. 

Brig 1 Waldo, Col 3 Moore, Lothrop, Bradstreet, Gorham, 
Williams and Goodrich. 

(The Hon ble Adm 1 Warren being also present.) 

John Crawley, a private centinel in Brig r Waldo's regi- 
ment having been committed to the guard by Lieu* John 
Shaw for (as the committment says) drinking the Pre- 
tender's health. The said Crawley was brought before 
the Council and several witnesses being sworn and exam- 
ined, it appear'd to the Council, that upon King George's 
health being drank Crawley ask'd in Irish, Whether that 


was the health of Philip y e Fifth & the forlorn child? or 
said, It was not, &c. 

Advised, that s d Crawley be sent back to the guard 
to be put in irons, and be try'd by a General Court 

And that Welch be try'd by a Court Martial for cut- 
ting loose y e s d Crawley when bound at the guard. 

At a Council held at Louisbourg, Aprill 23 rd , 1746. 

Present The Hon ble Sir W" Pepperrell, Bar*. 

Brig r Gen 1 Waldo, Colonels Moore, Lothrop, Bradstreet, 
Williams and Goodrich. 

(The Hon ble Adin 1 Warren being also present.) 

Advised, that the Council inform themselves what 
officers the barracks at the citadell and the Grand and 
Island Batterys will accommodate, and appoint suitable 
houses for the reception of the others, and in order 
thereto that they remove any persons now in possession 
that they judge needfull. 

Advised, that Col. Moore, Col. Lothrop, and Col. Good- 
rich be a com tee to examine into the complaint of Abr m 
Isaac against W m Rogers, &c. 

Adjourned to Monday, 10 o'clock, a. m. 

At a Council held at Louisbourg, Aprill 28 th , 1746. 

Present : The IIon ble Sir W M Pepperrell, Bar*. 

Brig* Waldo, Col. Moore, Col. Bradstreet, Col. Williams, 
Col. Goodrich. 

(The IIon ble Admiral Warren being also present.) 

Advised, that the following prices be allowed and paid 
here for the following articles, for four months from the 
date hereof, viz*. 

For good merch a pine boards three pounds ten shill g8 
sterl g p r thous' 1 . and for ranging timber in proportion. 


for good merch a clapboards £4 p r M. 

for do shingles 16/ p r M. 

for do bricks 40/ pr M. 

Adjourn'd 'till to-morrow 10 o'clock, a. m. 

At a Councill held at Louisbourg, Aprill 29 th , 1746. 

Present : The Hon ble Sir W M Pepperrell, Bar*. 

Brig r Waldo, Col s Moore, Bradstreet, Lothrqp, Williams, 
and Goodrich. 

(The Hon ble Adm 1 Warren being also present.) 

Advised, that two or three vessells be sent as soon as 
possible to S* Johns, to order the inhabitants to hold 
themselves in a readiness to evacuate the s d island, agre- 
able to y e terms of the capitulation, and to bring away as 
many of the chief of them as they can. 

Advised, that as a number of small arms that are ex- 
pected from England are not arrived, the storekeeper be 
order'd to receive from y e command 8 officers of the several 
comp as all the serviceable small arms belonging to any of 
the Colonies that they shall bring in, he giving them a 
rec* for the same, to be redelivered to y e order of y e re- 
spective governments to which they belong when this 
place is otherways sufficiently supplied. 

Advised, that a General Court Martial be called for the 
tryal of Jedediah Curtland and Jn° Buckley now under 
arrest on suspicion of hav g counterfeited dollars. 

At a Council held at Louisbourg, Aprill 30 th , 1746. 

Present The Hon ble Sir W M Pepperrell, Bar*. 

Brig r Waldo, Col 8 Moore, Bradstreet & Williams. 
(The Hon We Adm 1 Warren being also present.) 

Advised, that as no establishment is yet come to hand 
for the victualling the troops arrived from Gibraltar they 
be victualled as they were on board y e transports till his 
Maj. directions shall be known or till further orders. 


Advised, that two discreet persons out of each regiment 
be appointed dayly to inspect into disorders and abuses 
concerning the selling and drinking of spirituous liquors 
in this garrison, who are to be under oath to do their en- 
deavours to discover the same, for which they are to be 
paid half the reward promised by the notification of y e 
Admiral and General, and to be exempted from duty. 

Advised, that in order to prevent the soldiers gett g 
drunk with their allowance of rum, it be delivered to 
them dayly. 

Advised, that twelve pence sterl g p r day be allow'd for 
work done on y e King's works here to common labourers 
who are in his Maj. service, and one shill g & six pence 
p r day to artificers. 

At a Council held at Louisbourg, May 2 nd , 1746. 

Present The Hon ble Sir W* Pepperrell, Bar'. 

Brig T Waldo, Colonels Moore, Bradstreet, Lothrop, and 

(The IIon ble A dm 1 Warren being also present.) 

Advised, that the Council provide quarters in the best 
manner the shatter d condition of the houses will admit 
for y e officers of Gov r Shirley's & Sir W m Pepperrell's as 
well as for y e officers of y e Gibraltar regiments. 

— Fillis, — Pierpoint, and — Sweet having been put 
under arrest for breach of public orders relat g to y e selling 
spirituous liquors were bro* before the Council, and it 
appearing that they were guilty. 

Advised, that they be order'd to pay the fine, viz. 
£5 sterl 8 each, and to [be] committed to the guard 
again till paid. 

Mem Fillis p d £o all d l /i to Phineas Smith & Oliver Warner 
Pierpoint p d 5 p d 7a to do 

Sweet p' 1 5 p d 1 l2 to do 


At a Council held at Louisbourg, May 5 th , 1746. 

Present : The Hon ble Sir W M Pepperrell, Bar*. 

Brigadier Waldo, Col. Bradstreet, & Col. Williams. 

Benj. Shores, — Mackenly, Darby Crawley, & D r Cahill 
were found guilty of the breach of orders in regard to 
selling spirituous liquors, and the Council advised that 
they pay the fine. 

Benj. Shores V 2 to Phelps. 

Mackenly p d £ 5 % to Phelps 

Crawley p d £ 5 1 / 2 to Darrow 

Cahill p d £ 5 7 2 to Rob fc Hooper & Pat. 

Cavanagh ; and further advised that Darby Crawley ap- 
pearing to have kept a disorderly house within this garri- 
son, he be order'd out of the house where he now dwells 
into y e barracks. 

Present besides y e above, Col. Moore & Col. Lothrop. 

Advised, that for the future any three members of the 
Council (w th the Secretary) be sufficient to examine and 
fine all persons for the breach of the orders relating to 
selling spirituous liquors. 

It appear g to y e Council that M r Hunstable and Edw d 
Sweet had used threatning language towards some of 
the inspectors appointed to examine into y e breaches of 
y e orders relat g to spirituous liquors, 

Advised, that they be sent to the main guard till further 

At a Council held at Louisbourg, May 8 th , 1746. 

Present: The Hon ble Sir W M Pepperrell, Baronet. 

Col. Moore, Col. Bradstreet, Col. Williams, Col. Goodrich. 
(The Hon ble Admiral Warren being also present.) 

Advised, that the row of pickets standing by the dead 
wall, being of no service there, be improved for fencing 
in the gardens belonging to the houses appointed for y e 
reception of Col. Ellison and Col. Hosmar, and any other 


gardens that may be the- 4 necessary by the commanders 
in chief to have inclosed. 

Advised, that all fines arising from the breach of the 
public orders of this garrison (excepting such part of them 
as belongs to y e informer) be appropriated for the settling 
such poor people in this garrison as shall be thought 
proper by the commander in chief and the Council, in 
w ch the preference is to be given to such persons as were 
on the expedition, and are inlisted into either of the new 
American regiments and have families here. 

At a Council held at Louisbourg, May 10 th , 1746. 

Present : The Hon ble Sir W M Pepperrell, Bar*. 

Brig r Waldo, Colonels Moore, Choate, Bradstreet, Williams, 
and Goodrich. 

(The Hon ble Adm 1 Warren being also present.) 

The affair of evacuating the island of S fc Johns being 
taken under consideration, 

Advised, that the two vessels lately advis'd to be sent 
to S* Johns to summon the inhabitants to hold themselves 
in a readiness to evacuate it agreable to the capitulation, 
and to bring off as many of y e chief of them as they could, 
be sent accordingly, as soon as possible, and that a number 
of other vessels sufficient to bring; off all the inhabitants 
be got ready to follow them, and that it be recommended 
to the Hon ble Admiral Townsend to send a ship of force 
to convoy them, and that all the American troops here 
that are fit for duty, and that are not inlisted in the new 
regiments, be sent in the aforesaid vessels to destroy the 
settlements on said island, and from thence to return home 
to New England. 


Minutes of some Councils held at Louisbourg after the 
arrival of M r Warren's commission for the government. 

At a Council held at Louisbourg, May 16 th , 1746. 

Present : His Excellency Peter Warren, Esq r 

Admiral Townsend Sir W M Pepperrell 

Col. Warburton Brig r Waldo 

L* Col. Hosmar Col. Moore 

L* Col. Hobson Col. Sradstreet 

Maj r Mercer Col. Lothrop 

U Col. Noble 
L* Col. Williams 
L* Col. Goodrich 

His Excellency acquainted the Council that the reason 
of his having desired them to convene at this time was, 
that whereas the public faith of the several American 
Colonies who have troops within this garrison is en- 
gaged for the said troops, their relief and discharge by 
the first day of the present month, or as soon as the 
garrison should be otherwise sufficiently secured ; and as 
the Gibraltar troops are now arrived here, and there are 
also above four hundred men of the new levies for the two 
American regiments now on the spot, and a considerable 
number more dayly expected, and a squadron of his 
Majesty's ships under command of the Hon ble Admiral 
Townsend being also in this port, and as many of the 
New Eng d troops are inhabitants of the frontier parts 
there which are in danger from the Indian enemy, they 
would be pleas'd to give their opinion, whether it is con- 
sistent with his Majesty's service in the security of this 
acquisition and adviseable that the said troops should be 
discharg'd, and sent home as soon as vessels can be got 
ready for their transportation. 

Upon which the Council gave their opinion unani- 
mously; that it is consistent with his Majesty's service in 


the security of this acquisition and adviseable that the 
New England troops now in this place (who have not 
inlisted into his Majesty's service) be discharg'd & sent 
home as soon as vessels can be got ready for their 


II il 

5 $ . I J 
r ■§ * £ -S •8 

1 I .ill § 

1745.] COPIES OF OKDEKS. 67 



Copy of the Ratification of the Capitulation made 
for the Surrender of Louisbourg and its De- 
pendencies, &c. 

Ratification of the terms of Capitulation made & con- 
cluded on for the surrender of Lewisbourg & territories 
adjacent to the obedience of his Brittanick Majesty, 
June 16 th , 1745, O. S. 

On the part of his Most Christian Majesty it is agreed 
& consented that the city of Lewisbourg on the island of 
Cape Breton, with the fortifications & batteries thereof, 
also the fortifications, batteries & territories adjacent, 
together with all the artillery, arms, & stores of war 
thereunto belonging be forthwith surrendered & deliv- 
ered up to y e obedience of the Crown of Great Britain, & 
that all the subjects of his Brittanick Majesty who are 
prisoners in Lewisbourg shall be immediately deliv d up, 
& that none of the officers, soldiers, nor inhabitants in 
Lewisbourg who are subjects of the French King shall 
take up arms against his Brittanick Majesty, nor any of 
his allies untill after the expiration of the full term of 
twelve months from this time. 

* These orders are printed from an unbound manuscript in the handwriting of Ben- 
jamin Green, given to the Society by Rev. Dr. Belknap at the same time with the Reeords 
of the Councils of War. On the first page of the manuscript are the words " Copy Book 
of Orders, &c." The second page is blank; and on the third page is the title as here 
printed, which is followed on page five by " Copy of the Ratification," etc. — Eds. 


On the part of his Brittanick Majesty it is agreed & 
consented that upon s d surrender & due performance of 
every article of the afores d premises to be made & corn- 
pleated as soon as possible, the following articles shall be 
allowed & granted, viz. 

That all the subjects of the French King now in s d city 
& territory shall be treated with the utmost humanity & 
have their personal estates secured to them & have 
liberty to transport themselves & s d effects to any part 
of the French King's dominions in Europe. 

That if the vessells in the harbour of Lewisbourg be- 
longing to the French there shall be found insufficient 
for the transportation of their persons & proposed effects 
to France, such a further number shall be provided on 
his Britannick Majesty's acco fc as maybe sufficient for that 
purpose, also any provisions necessary for the voiage 
that they cannot furnish themselves with. 

That all the commission officers belonging to the gar- 
rison & the inhabitants of the town may remain in their 
houses with their familys & enjoy the free exercise of 
their religion, & no person shall be suffer' d to misuse or 
molest any of them, till such time as they can conve- 
niently be transported to France. 

That the non-commission officers & soldiers shall imme- 
diately upon the surrender of the town & fortresses be put 
on board some of his Brittanick Majesty's ships till they 
can also be transported to France. 

That all the sick & wounded now in Lewisbourg, sub- 
jects of the French King shall be taken care of in the 
same manner with those of his Britanick Majesty. 

That the commander-in-chief now in the garrison shall 
have leave to send off two cover'd waggons, to be in- 
spected only by one officer of his Brittanick Majesty's 
that no warlike stores be contain'd therein. 

That if there are any persons in the town or garrison 
who shall desire not to be seen by the English they shall 
be permitted to go off mask'd. 

1745.] COPIES OF ORDERS. 69 

That the troops of the French King now in Lewisbourg 
may march out of the garrison with their arms & colours, 
and be then deliver'd to the English till said troops arrive 
in France, at which time to have them returned to them. 

In witness whereof we the subscribers have hereunto 
interchangeably set our hands & seals in the city of 
Lewisbourg upon the island of Cape Breton, this 20 th 
day of June, 1745, 0. S. 

P. Warren. 

Du Chambon. 

W. Pepperrell. 

Orders to M r Dupong, Commanding Officer at 
S T John's. 

Louisbourg July 20 th , 1745. 

S R , — Pursuant to the Capitulation made with Mons 1 ' 
Du Chambon for the surrender of Louisbourg & the ter- 
ritories thereunto belonging the 16 th June last, whereby 
we have agreed to transport him, the troops & inhabitants 
of the s d island & territories to France. It is therefore 
our express orders to you to repair forthwith to this 
harbour, bringing with you Goutain, the priests, & all the 
troops under your command, to be transported to France 
as above. We are, S r , 

Your hum le serv ts 

W. P. P. W, 

To M r Dupong, Comand& Officer at S* John's. 

Permission for the Inhabitants of S t Johns to 
remain there. 

To all whom it may concern : We having taken into 
consideration the humble memorial and representation of 
the inhabitants of the island of S* Johns desiring per- 


mission to remain on that island, &c., we do hereby con- 
sent & grant leave that the s d inhabitants of the island of 
S e Johns may remain there in possession of their land & 
estates until further orders, upon condition that in the 
mean time the s d inhabitants shall behave themselves in 
all respects as loyall & faithfull subjects of the Crown of 
Great Britain (except only that they shall not be obliged 
to take up arms against the French) & that they shall 
accordingly at all times give faithfull & early notice to 
his Majesty's Governour or other commander in chief 
here of any hostile designs or attempts of the French, or 
any other of his Majesty's enemies, against his crown & 
dignity or the peace & welfare of any of his subjects, 
& perticularly against this place, so far as shall come to 
their knowledge ; and that they shall not erect nor suf- 
fer to be erected any fortification nor place of arms on 
s d island ; and that they shall not supply any of his 
Majesty's enemies with any provisions, stores, nor assist- 
ance of any kind whatsoever; & that upon the appear- 
ance of any of his Majesty's enemies among them or 
notice of any attempt design'd against this place or Nove 
Scotia by any of his Majesty's enemies, the s d inhabitants 
shall immediately send their arms & warlike stores & six 
of their principal inhabitants as hostages to this place, to 
be kept here so long as the commander-in-chief here 
shall think it necessary, & further that they use their 
best endeavours to bring the Indians now in the interest 
of the French to behave in a peacable & frindly manner 
towards the English, & to trade with them, taking all 
opportunity a to assure them that they will be kindly 
treated by the English, & further that they shall forth- 
with send to this city all the live stock & other provi- 
sions, stores, & refreshment that are on s d island more 
than are necessary for their own comfortable subsistance 
for which they shall be paid at a reasonable rate, and 
that one of the principal inhabitants of the s d island shall 

1745.] COPIES OF ORDERS. 71 

remain here as an hostage for the performance of the 
above mentioned conditions. And further that whereas 
-by the terms of the Capitulation made 16 th day of June 
last for the surrender of Louisbourg & its dependancies 
to the obedience of his Brittanick Majesty, it was agreed 
that none of the inhabitants of s d city or territories de- 
pending thereon should take up arms against his s d 
Majesty during the term of twelve months from the date 
of the s d Capitulation, the afores d inhabitants of the 
island of S* Johns shall strictly observe the same on 
penalty of the utmost rigour of war. 

Given under our hands at Louisbourg, the 30 th day of 
Sept r , 1745. 

W M Pepperrell. P. Warren. W. Shirley. 

We the subscribers in behalf of ourselves & the rest of 
the inhabitants of the island of S fc Johns do hereby 
testify our free & thankfull acceptance of the before 
written permission granted to the inhabitants of the s d 
island to remain there till further orders on the condi- 
tions therein expressed. 

Witness our hands at Louisbourg, Octo r 3 rd , 1745. 

J. B. Yegor. 


Louis + Boquit. 




Baptiste + Gallan 



Dayid + Despoir. 



72 the pepperrell papers. [1745. 

Proposals to the Indians of S t Johns. 

To the Chief of the Indians residing on the island of S* Johns 

Whereas the island of S 4 Johns, being part of the ter- 
ritory depending on the late government of Cape Breton 
or Isle Royale, is now subjected to the obedience of his 
Britannic Majesty ; we being willing out of a friendly 
disposition towards you to accept of your submission to 
such pacific measures as may consist with the honour of 
his Majesty & the safety of his subjects, & to prevent the 
effusion of blood & the repetition of such acts of cruelty 
as may probably ensue in the course of the war. We do 
therefore now send this declaration to you by M r \blank~\ 
to let you know that if you or any number of you think 
fit to come to us or one of us at Louisbourg as soon as 
may be, we will receive you in a friendly manner & will 
consider of such terms of accommodation as you shall lay 
before us, & shall act thereon as shall be for his Majesty's 
service. And if your offers of peace shall not be agree- 
able, you shall have liberty to return in safety to your 
home again. 

Louisbourg, Octo r 31 Bt , 1745. -p __ _ „ 

Orders not to take off Ballast from the Beach, &c. 

Louisbourg, July 13 th , 1745. 

By P. Warren, &c, & 
W M Pepperrell, &c. 
All masters of ships & vessells & all other persons are 
hereby strictly forbidden to take off any ballast from any 
part of the beach between the east part of the town wall 
& the northwest gate on that side next the harbour, or to 
throw over any shingle ballast, stones, dirt, or any rubbish 
that will sink in any part of the harbour on penalty of 
being severely punished therefor. 

P. Warren. 


1745.] copies of orders. 73 

Order for Plan of a Shead Barrack. 

Louisbourg, July 20 th , 1745. 

S B , — We finding it absolutely necessary to build for 
the present a barrack shed to lodge part of our troops 
that are now in this garrison, to preserve them from the 
inclemency of the ensuing winter; we therefore desire 
you will give a plan for one capable of lodging seven 
hundred men, & we will direct your being furnished with 
workmen, tools & all proper materials for carrying on 
the s d work with the utmost dispatch. We are, S r , 

Y r hum b serv ts . 

W. P. P. W. 

To J. H. Bastide, Esq r , his Maj^' 8 Chief Engin r . 

Order to draw on B. Green for Payment for the 


Louisbourg, Novem r 1 st , 1745. 

Sir, — His Grace the Duke of Newcastle having di- 
rected us to proceed in making the payments for the nec- 
essary repairs & other charges of this garrison, in the 
manner we had begun to do, you will be pleased to draw 
on Benj a Green, Esq r (being by us appointed for that 
service) for the payment of such bills & acco ts as belong 
to your branch to pass upon, such drafts to be approv d by 
us before payment is made. We are, S r , 

Your hum b serv ts . 

W. P. P. W. 

To J, H. Bastide, Esq r , &c. 

Order for regulating the Price of Fresh Provisions. 

Louisbourg, Decern 1- 2 d , 1745. 

Public Notice is hereby given, that inasmuch as some 
persons in this place do demand an extravagant & unrea- 
sonable price for fresh meat by them expos'd to sale, we 


have tho't it proper & necessary for the good of his 
Majesty's subjects here to order, & it is accordingly hereby 
ordered, that all fresh meat exposed to sale in this place 
shall be sold by weight (poultry excepted) & that no per- 
son shall from this time until the 1st of May next demand 
or receive for any fresh meat, mutton, lamb, or pork more 
than at the rate of 6 d sterl 8 T pound, on penalty of for- 
feiting s d meat for the use of the sick & ten shilling sterl g 
to the informer. 

W. P. P. w. 

Proclamation for a Fast. 

By the Honourable Peter Warren, Esq r , &c. T 
and Sir William Pepperrell, Baronet, &c. 

A Proclamation for a Public Fast. 

In consideration of our constant dependance upon the 
favour and blessing of Almighty God, for the continuance 
of all our mercies, both of a public & private nature, and 
for the averting those judgments which our sins have 
most righteously deserved at his hands, we have tho't fit 
to order & appoint Wednesday, the eighteenth of this 
ins fc Decern 1 ", to be religiously observed as a day of pub- 
lick prayer & fasting throughout the army & navy in 
this place, humbly to beseech of Almighty God that he 
would be graciously pleas d to preserve the life & health 
of our right full & most gracious sovereign, King George, 
together with the lives & health of their Royall Highnesses, 
Frederick, Prince of Wales, the Princess of Wales, the 
Duke, the Princesses, the issue of the Prince & Princess 
of Wales, & all the Royal Family, & that there never 
may be wanting one of that illustrious family to sway 
the British scepter. That he would be pleased to defeat 
all secret & open designs & attempts of a Popish Pre- 
tender and all other enemies to his Majesty's crown & 
dignity & to the Protestant cause & interest. That he 

1745.] COPIES OF ORDERS. 75 

would be pleas d to prosper & succeed his Majesty's arms 
both by land & sea. That he would be pleased to bless 
all his Majesty's dominions & in perticular that he would 
be pleased to bless & prosper all endeavours for the effec- 
tual support & happy settlement of this great & valuable 
acquisition so happily made by the peculiar blessing of 
God on his Majesty's arms. That he would be pleased 
to preserve & bring to this place in safety the troops & 
stores expected from Europe. That he would be pleased 
mercifully to restore health to the sick in this garrison, 
& to spare those that are in the enjoyment thereof, & not 
suffer any mortal sickness to prevail further amongst us. 
That he would especially be pleased to grant us all true 
repentance & the assistance of his Holy Spirit, that we 
may amend our lives according to his Holy Word, & that 
he would make his way known upon earth, his saving 
health among all nations. And all servile labour & re- 
creations are forbidden on s d day. 

Given under our hands at Louisbourg the 11 th day, 
Dec, 1745. . 

P. Warren W m Pepperrell 

By command of their Honours, with the advice of y e 
Council of War. 

B. Green, Sec ry . 
God save the Kin^. 

Inserted in the New England Newspapers. 

Louisbourg, Decern 1, 14 th , 1745. 

Publick Notice is hereby given, that all persons who 
are willing to repair to this place to carry on the fishery 
next spring shall have the utmost encouragement given 
them by us, & strict care shall be taken that their prop- 
erty & interest shall be secured to them & no persons 


employ'd in that business here shall be impressed into his 
Majesty's service, nor be any ways molested in the pro- 
secution of their s d business. 

W. P. P. W. 

Order for all Masters of Vessells to make Report 
of the Contents of their Cargoes. 

Louisbourg, Dec 1- 15 th , 1745. 

Notice is hereby given to all masters of vessells coming 
into this port that immediately on their arrival they are 
to make report at the Secretary's office of the contents 
of their cargoes & the names of all passengers brought 
by them into this garrison. 

P. W. W. P. 

Order to the Barrack Master to quarter the 
Troops in a Compact Manner. 

Louisbourg, Dec r 15 th , 1745. 
Sir, — You are hereby directed & required with the 
assistance of the commanding officer of each regiment 
forthwith to quarter the troops in this garrison in the 
several barracks & houses in the most compact man- 
ner that may be conveniently done, having special regard 
to their being so disposed as to prevent the unnessary 
consumption of fuel, & that the soldiers of each regiment 
be placed as near together as possible, & so as to be 
under the ready inspection of their officers. 

W. P. P. W. 

Order for a Detachment out of EAcn Regiment to 
cutt Wood & for a Scout. 

Louisbourg, December 19 th , 1745. 

Sir, — You are hereby required to furnish [blank'] men 
out of your regiment with an officer, all well provided 
with their arms & ammunition, & each man a wood ax 5 

1745.] COPIES OF ORDERS. 77 

to go under the command of Col Moore into the neigh- 
bouring parts of the island to cutt & bring in cord wood 
for this garrison, & for the encouragem* of the men so 
employed they shall be paid for every cord of wood 
deliver'd to our order in this garrison between this time 
& the first of Jan y at the rate of three dollars f> cord for 
oak & other hard wood. You are also to furnish [blank] 
men to go on a scout under the command of Cap* John 
Card to seek after cattle, & for their encouragement they 
shall have half of the cattle they bring into the garrison 
& the other half shall be given to the sick. 

W. P. P. W. 

Order to Col Moore to command the Detachm t to 

get Wood. 

Louisbourg, Decem r 20 th , 1745. 

Sir, — You are to take under your command one 
hundred & twenty men who are order'd out of your own 
& the other regiments, who are hereby strictly com- 
manded to obey your orders, & see that they be furnish'd 
with their arms & ammunition, & each man a wood ax, 
& proceed with them to the nearest good woodland, & 
direct them in cutting & getting into the garrison in the 
best manner as much hard cord wood as they can, from 
this time to the first day of Jan y , & you must order a 
strict look out to be constantly kept to prevent a surprize 
from the enemy & suffer no guns to be fired at game nor 
on any other acco fc but at an enemy, & the men are to 
return into the garrison as often as you think it best, & 
if at any time they hear three cannon discharged at 
about a minute's distance from each other they are im- 
mediately to return. 

W. P. P. W. 

To Col Moore. 

78 the peppekrell papers. [1745. 

Order to Cap t John Card to command a Scout. 

Louisboukg, Decern. 1- 20 th , 1746* 

Sir, — You are to take under your command fifty men 
who are order' d out of the several regiments to attend 
you & see that they be furnished with arms, ammunition, 
snow shoes & a week's provisions, & proceed with them 
on a scout into the neighbouring parts of the island & 
send in two men every night with an acco fc of what dis- 
coverys you make, & keep a constant strict watch that 
you be not surprised by an enemy, and suffer no guns to 
be fired at any game nor on any acco 4 , except against an 
enemy (within hearing of the garrison). And if you meet 
with any French you are to order them into the garrison, 
& at the end of six days 3011 are to return with your men, 
or sooner if you hear three cannon discharg d at about a 
minute's distance from each other, & what cattle you 
meet witli you are to drive into the garrison, & for the 
encouragement of your men they shall have one half of 
all such cattle, & the other half shall be given to the sick. 

P. W. W. P. 

To Cap 1 Jn° Card. 

Declaration for the Encouragem t of a Good 
Agreem t & Suppression of Vice. 

Inasmuch as the harmony & good agreement which 
has so happily subsisted between all his Majesty's sub- 
jects who had the honour to be instrumental in the re- 
duction of this important fortress has been greatly to the 
honour of all concern' d therein, & as nothing can be more 
commendable & beneficial to his Majesty's service & the 
good of his subjects here than the continuance of the 
same among those who have the honour to be employ'd 
in the defence thereof; We do hereby declare that noth- 

* An obvious mistake for 17-15. — Eds. 

1745-6.] COPIES OF ORDERS. 79 

ing will more recommend to our favour both officers & 
private men of the land army & navy in this place than 
their maintaining & promoting an universal good agree- 
ment & friendly correspondance, without any distinction 
in respect of the different parts of his Majesty's domin- 
ions to which they belong, or to their being in the land 
or sea service, but all treating each other as loyal & 
brave subjects of his Sacred Majesty King George, & 
hearty well wishers to the prosperity & happy settle- 
ment of this place, & we do further declare that we shall 
esteem as disturbers of the welfare & good order of this 
his Majesty's garrison any person that shall cast any 
national reflections on any of his Majesty's subjects here, 
or use any other reproachful or abusive language tend- 
ing to stir up disputes or quarrells & they shall be pun- 
ished with the utmost severity of the martial law, & 
further we do hereby declare that the s d law against 
prophaness & immorality shall be strictly put in execu- 
tion, & in perticuler that any persons who shall presume 
to take the name of God in vain, or to use any prophane 
swearing or cursing, shall be punished in the severest 
manner that law will admit of, & all his Majesty's 
officers in this place are hereby required to give notice 
of any persons they shall know so offending, & also to 
use their utmost endeavours to suppress all kinds of 
vice & immorality in this place. 

Given under our hands at Louisbourg the 30 th day of 
Decern 1 , 1745. 

P. W. W. P. 

Order to bring in the Number & Names of the 


Louisbourg, Jan? 3 rd , 1745. 
S R , — You are hereby required forthwith to order the 
surgeons to take an exact list to be taken [sic] of the 
number & names of all the sick belonging to the land 


army in this garrison & send in the same to the Secre- 
tary's office for our inspection. Y r ob fc serv ts . 

W. P. P. W. 

To Edw d Ellis. 

coppy of tlte order to the officer sent to the 
Wreck of y e Ship Roseby. 

Sir, — You are hereby directed & required to remain 
with the men under your command (if there can be any 
sufficient shelter made for them) at the place where the 
storeship is wrec't until you are releived or receive our 
further orders, & keep a constant guard & look out, & use 
your utmost endeavours to save every think [thing ?] you 
possibly can belonging to the ship or cargo, & take the 
perticular mark & n° of all bales & other parcells of 
goods which you can save, & suffer no persons to em- 
bezzle or plunder any part thereof, & for the encourage- 
ment of your men they shall be handsomely rewarded 
by us for their services therein, & as a number of seamen 
with an officer are also sent by Ad. Warren on the same 
service, you are mutually to aid & assist each other in 
every thing for the good of his Majesty's service or the 
interest of any of his subjects who are concern'd in the s d 
ship or her cargo. We are 

Y r hh 1 serv ts . 

To P. W. W. P. 

Jan y . 

Order to prevent the Goods saved from the 
Wreck of the Roseby's being embezzeled. 

Whereas the ship Roseby, Jos. Lock, command 1 ", from 
London, bound to this port with naval & other stores, 
was lately wreck' d on this island about 2 or 3 leag s to 
the eastward of this harbour, all persons are hereby 
strictly forbidden to embezzle or plunder any part of the 

1745-6.] COPIES OF ORDERS. 81 

cargo of the s d ship wherever the same shall be found, 
but on the contrary are hereby required to secure the 
same & give notice thereof to us, for which they shall 
have allowed them the salvage by law & custom due, & 
all persons are likewise forbidden to work upon s d wreck 
without our special order or license therefor, & any per- 
sons who shall give notice of others that shall plunder 
or embezzle any part of the afores d cargo or shipwreck 
shall be rewarded by us, & the persons so offending shall 
be punished with the utmost severity of the law pro- 
vided in that case. Given under our hands at Louis- 
bourg, Jan y 7 th , 1745. 

W. P. P. W. 

Order to take Care of the Goods saved from 
the Wreck of the Ship Roseby. 

Louisbourg, Jan^ 8 th , 1745. 

To Mess 1 " 8 W M Winslow, Sam l Shipton, Melatiah Bourne, Nath l Mum- 
ford, & Nath l Whiting. 

You are hereby authorized & directed to demand & 
receive of all persons all the goods & effects that may be 
saved from the wreck of the ship Roseby, lately cast 
away on this island, wheresoever they may be found, in 
order to their being disposed of in such manner as shall 
be most for the interest of the persons concern'd therein, 
agreeable to such further directions as you shall receive 
from us therefor. 

W. P. P. W. 

Order to Cap t Rhodes to go on a Scout. 

Louisbourg, Jan^ 14 th , 1745. 

To Cap* Sam l Rhodes, Sir, — You -are hereby directed 
to take under your command twenty men, who are hereby 
order'd to attend & obey you, & see that they be well 



supply'd with arms, ammunition, snow shoes & six days' 
provisions, & proceed with them on a scoutt into the 
neighbouring parts of this island to the westward of this 
place, not exceeding 18 or 20 miles, & use your best 
endeavours to discover whither there be any parties of 
the enemy on the island, & for encouragement, if you 
make discovery of any body of the enemy & get intelli- 
gence of their designs, you & your men shall be hand- 
somly rewarded, and you are to send in here two of 
your men with what intelligance you can get in two days, 
or sooner if you meet with any thing remarkable, & to 
return with the remainder in six days, & if you meet 
with any of the French inhabitants you are to send them 
into this garrison. 

P. W. W. P. 

Order to M r Cavenaugh to go on a Scoutt. 

Louisbourg, Jany 23 rd , 1745/6. 

S R , — You are hereby order' d & directed to take a 
serjeant & twelve men under your command & proceed 
on a scout to the westward, not to exceed 20 miles dis- 
tance from this garrison, to make what discoverys yon 
can & to return in seven days. Make a report to us of 
the same at your return ; for so doing this shall be your 

W. P. P. W- 

To M r Ciia 8 Cavenaugh, Ens n in the Hon ble S r W M Pepperrell's 

Order to make Report relating to tiie Barracks. 

Louisbourg, Jan^ 25 th , 1745. 

Brigad r Waldo, Col Moore, Col Lothrop, Col Wil- 
liams, Capt n Pearson. Gent\ — As the troops from 
Gibraltar, which will consist of fourteen hundred men at 

1745-6.] COPIES OF ORDERS. 83 

least with their officers, may be very soon expected, as 
well as recruits from the colonys, we therefore desire, as 
we apprehend there is not convenience for their lodging, 
that you will consider & give us your opinion as soon as 
possible what numbers the publick barracks of this town 
will conveniently lodge, & what materials of all kinds will 
be proper for us to procure for the erecting new barracks 
for such numbers as the old ones won't accommodate, & 
to compleat the repairs that are absolutely necessary for 
the security of this garrison. We are, Gent n 

Your hum 1 sery ts . 

P. W. "W. P. 

Order to Cap t Erodes to go on a Scout. 

Louisbourg, Jan? 25 th , 1745. 

To Cap* Samuel Rhodes, — You are hereby directed 
& required to take under your command forty men who 
are order'd to attend you, & are hereby required to attend 
you, & see that they be all well provided with arms, 
ammunition, snow shoes & six days' provisions, & proceed 
with them on a scout into the neighbouring parts of this 
island, not exceeding 20 miles from this garrison, & en- 
deavour to make discovery whither there be any of the 
French or Indian enemy upon the island, & if you dis- 
cover any party of them which you shall judge inferiour 
to yours in strength you are to engage them as your pru- 
dence may direct you & endeavour to take or destroy 
them, but if you discover any large party of them you 
are immediately to repair with your men to this garrison ; 
& if you make no such discovery you are to return with 
them in six days. 

W. P. P. W. 

84 the pepperrell papers. [1745-6. 

Order to M u Pettybone to go on a Scout. 

Lodisbourg, Feb* 12 th , 1745. 

To Cap 1 Sam l Pettybone, — You are hereby required 
to take under your command thirteen men, & proceed 
with them to the neighbouring parts of this island to the 
northeast near the seaside, not exceeding 20 miles from 
this garrison, in order to make discovery whither any 
vessells be cast away on that shoar, or whither there be 
any tracts of French or Indians to be seen, & you are to 
return in three days if you meet with nothing remarkable 
sooner. You are to take care that your men be well 
provided with arms, ammunition & snow shoes, & that 
they carry their blanketts with them. 

P. Warren W m Pepperrell. 

Orders not to pull down Picketts nor Houses. 

Publick notice is hereby given to all persons within this 
garrison that any person who shall presume to pull down 
or cut up any of the picketts belonging to this fortifica- 
tion, either within or without the walls, or any other 
picketts within the walls, or to pull down or deface any 
part of any of the houses or other buildings of the fortifi- 
cation, shall be severly punished, & all persons who know 
of any others so doing, & do not inform us thereof within 
24 hours, shall be also punished, & any persons who shall 
inform of any others who shall make a breach of this 
order, so that they be convicted thereof, shall have five 
dollars reward paid them by us. 

W. P. P. w. 

1746.] copies of orders. 85 

Order to make Room for the Troops expected. 

Louisbourg, March 5 th , 1745. 

To Maj r Titcomb, Maj r Gardner, Cap* Hale, Cap fc 
Smithson, Cap* Cobb, & Cap* Cheney, — In pursuance 
of the advice of the Council of War you are hereby 
authorized & required together with the barrack master 
to visit the houses in this garrison & provide room in them 
for the reception of the men at present in the barracks, 
according to the best of your discretion. 

P. Warren W. Pepperrell. 

Order to clean the Garrison. 

Garrison of Louisbourg, March 26 th , 1746. 

Our orders are that the Colonels of the several regi- 
ments be directed to appoint suitable persons to take 
care that the streets & houses be cleansed as soon as pos- 
sible & canals be cutt to drain of the snow water, & that 
the filth be carried out of y e city at y e west gate or at 
the gate near the main guard, & laid so that the tide 
may flow over it. 

P. W. W. R 

Order to Artificers to enter their Names. 

Louisbourg, March 28 th , 1746. 

These are to notify all carpenters, joyners, masons, 
glaziers, blacksmiths, & other such artificers residing 
within this garrison, whither they be soldiers in his 
Majesty's service or inhabitants only, that are desirous to 
be employ'd on his Majesty's works, the ensuing season, 
that they enter their names & professions at the Secre- 
tary's office in order to their being called upon when 


wanted, & no other artificer but such whose names shall 
be so entered will be employ'd on s d works. 

And all persons are also hereby notified that no bills 
or acco ts for work done in this place after the last day of 
this month will be paid by us unless the s d work be done 
by our order in writing, or the order of some officer or 
overseer authorized by us. P. W. W. P. 

Order to prevent the Small Pox getting into 
the Garrison. 

Louisbourg, March 30 th , 1746. 

Whereas we are informed that the small pox prevails 
at New York, Connecticut, &c a , the preventing of 
which' s coming into this place is of the utmost conse- 
quence, all persons are hereby notified that orders are 
given by us for all vessells coming into this port to hoist 
a jack at the main topmast head, & not to suffer any per- 
sons to come on board, nor to leave the vessell until it 
has been visited by a physician appointed for that pur- 
pose & received a bill of health from him, & all persons 
within this garrison or belong g to any vessell in this port 
are hereby required to observe the same &■ not to pre- 
sume to go on board any such vessell, nor knowingly 
suffer any person to come from the same, whilst the 
afores d signal is flying on board, on penalty of being 
punished in the severest manner according to the quaren- 
tine law. P. W. W. P. 

Orders to the Comand Off r at y e Island Battery 
to prevent the Small Pox getting into the 

To the Commanding Officer of y e Island Battery, 

— Whereas we are informed that the small pox prevails 
at New York, Connecticut, &c a , the preventing of which 

1746.] COPIES OF ORDERS. 87 

coming into this garrison is of the utmost consequence, 
you are hereby required to inform all commanders of 
vessells, whither ships of war or others, coming into this 
port that they are immediately to hoist a jack at their 
main topmast head, & not to suffer any person whatso- 
ever to come on board nor to leave the vessell until it 
has been visited by a physician appointed for that pur- 
pose, & receive a bill of health from him on the penalty 
of being prosecuted & punished in the severest manner 
according to the quarentine laws. 

Louisbourg, March 30 th , 1746. P. W. W. P. 

To the Council to report what Provisions, &c., 


To Brigadier General Waldo, Colonels Moore, Brad- 

Gen t , — We desire you (being the members of the 
Council of War remaining on the spott) to consider of & 
give us your opinion what provisions, spirituous liqour, 
fuel & cloathing you judge, from the experience of the 
winter past, will be necessary to be allowed, annually be- 
sides their pay, to the troops that shall be posted here by 
his Majesty. We are, Gen* 

Y r ob fc h 1 serv ts 
Louisbourg, April 1 st , 1746. P. W # "\y # p # 

Order to the Storekeeper of Ordnance Stores 
& Provisions. 

S R , — Whereas a large quantity of ordnance stores & 
provisions for this garrison may be. daily expected from 
England, you are hereby directed & required to store 
away those now under your care in the most compact 


manner possible in order to make room for the reception 
of the afores d stores as soon as they arrive here in order 
to prevent to his Majesty the charge of demurrage. 

P. Warren W. Pepperrell 

To the Commissary of, &c. 

Order to Prevent a Surprize from the Enemy. 

Our orders are that when the weather is foggy & 
thick the same number of centrys be placed on the wall 
in the day as in the night, & that no gate except the 
wicket at the west gate & the water gates be open'd 
without an order, except for the admittance of slays or 
other carriages, in which case care is to be taken to see 
that no stranger be admitted with any such carriages. 

W. P. P. W. 

April 5 th , 1746. 

Order for t e Surgeons to give in a List of 

Louisbourg, April 6 th , 1746. 

Sir, — You are hereby required to direct the sur- 
geons of the several regiments in this garrison to give 
into us forthwith a list of such persons as are in their 
judgment in a decaying state of health & not likely to 
recover here, & no persons will be dismissed on any of 
their certificates till such a list is produced & is to our 

W. P. P. w. 

Order not to straggle from the Garrison. 

Louisbourg, April 8 th , 1746. 

Whereas we have certain intelligance that the French 
& Indians are in motion at & about the Bay Yerte & 
parties of them may probably come upon this island to 


make discoverys, our orders are that no persons presume 
to straggle from this garrison on pain of being severely 
punished, & for the more effectually preventing thereof 
the officers of the several guards at the land gates are to 
caution all persons that pass out. 

P. W. W. P. 

Order for Persons indebted to the Agents of the 
Army to make Payment. 

Louisbourg, Ap 1 14 th , 1746. 

Whereas complaint has been made to us by the agents 
of the several regiments concern'd in the reduction of 
this place that sundry persons who have purchased of 
them part of the plunder belonging to the army neglect 
to make payment for the same, by which they are dis- 
abled from closing their acco ts , all such persons are hereby 
order'd forthwith to make payment of the same to the 
s d agents. 

P. W. W. P. 

Order against Selling Strong Drink. 

Louisbourg, April 28 th , 1746. 

Whereas several quarrells & disorders have been lately 
committed within this garrison by persons intoxicated 
with strong drink, in order effectually to prevent the same 
for the future all tavern keepers, retailers, suttlers, & 
other persons whatsoever within this garrison or any part 
of this island or harbour are hereby strictly forbidden to 
sell or retail any kind of spirituous liquors, either seperate 
or mixt, to any of the private soldiers or seamen within 
this place until our further orders, on penalty of their 
forfeiting five pounds sterling for each offence upon their 
being convicted thereof, one half to the informer & the 
other half to the use of the garrison. 

W. P. P. w. 

90 the pepperrell papers. [1746. 

Advertisement inserted in the New England News- 

Louisbourg, April 30 th , 1746. 

Notice is hereby given to all persons that may incline 
to send any vessells to this place the ensuing summer 
with any kinds of provisions or refreshments that none 
of the s d vessells, nor any persons belonging to them, shall 
be impressed into his Majesty's service or be detained 
here contrary to their desire by us or either of us or our 

And whereas we are informed that it has been reported 
in New Eng d that the flakes & conveniencys for curing 
fish round this harbour are destroy'd, all persons who may 
be disposed to carry on the fishery here are hereby noti- 
fied that there are remaining sufficient of them for the 
making large quantitys of fish. 

P. W. W. P. 

Order for victualing the Gibraltar Troops. 

Garrison of Louisbourg, Ap r 29 th , 1746. 
Whereas there is no establishment yet come to hand 
for the victualling the troops which are arrived here from 
Gibraltar, you are to victual them from the time of their 
landing in the same manner as they were on board the 
transports till his Majesty's directions on that head shall 
be known, or you shall receive further orders. 

P. W. W. I 

To M r Coms y Gen l Winslow. 

Order to the Storekeeper to deliver Small Arms. 

Louisbourg, May 10 th , 1746. 

You are hereby directed to deliver out of the store all 

the small arms belonging to the American troops (except 

1746.] COPIES OF OEDERS. 91 

such as were before taken out of the arsenal) & you are 
to receive into the store all the small arms that have been 
taken out for the use of s d troops which have been bought 
of the agents of the army by the government. 

P. W. W. P. 

To Cap* Jo s Sherburn, Storekeeper of the Ordnance Stores. 

To the Inhabitants of S t Peters. 

As there are five Indians which have deserted from 
hence, & as it [is] impossable that they can pass without 
your seeing them, our orders are that you assist M r Shaw 
to take them, & inform him of the proper places to wait 
for them if they have not passed you, & also to furnish 
hirn with pilots to go to the proper places to find them. 
As this vessell has occasion for a birch canoe you must 
deliver them one for which you shall be paid. 

P. Warren. 
W. Pepperrell 

Louisbourg, May 14 th , 1746. 

Order to prevent the Waste of Lumber, &c. 

Louisbourg, May 17 th , 1746. 

Whereas some persons have presumed to take away & 
make use of boards & other such stores landed in this city 
for his Majesty's service, this is strictly to forbid all per- 
sons for the future to take any such stores from the place 
where they are laid without our orders or leave for the 
same on pain of being punished for their offence. 

P. W. W. P. 


Order to examine the French Complaint relating 
to the Execution of the Capitulation. 

To Brigadier Gen 1 Sam l Waldo, Colonels Samuel 
Moore, John Bradstreet, Simon Lothrop, William 
Williams, & Eleazer Goodrich, Esq", & Benj a Green, 
Esq r , — Whereas we have received from England a coppy 
of a memorial presented to M r Abra m Hume, Commissary 
General of h is Brittanic Majesty's provisions, &c a , at 
Bruxelles, to be transmitted by him to the Court of 
London, sign d Seigneur, Commissary of War, &c a , setting 
forth that Mons r Du Chambon, the late L* Gov r of Cape 
Breton, complains that we have not duly comply ed with 
the capitulation made by us with him for the surrender 
of the s d island & its dependancies to the obedience of his 
Brittanick Majesty, — You are hereby desired (being the 
members of the Council of War now remaining here & 
the Secretary of the expedition), having had oppertunity 
to be thoroughly knowing to all the proceedings relating 
to the execution of the terms of the s d capitulation, to take 
into your consideration the several articles of complaint 
contained in the s d memorial, & make report to us what 
just grounds you apprehend have been given for the s d 
complaint or any part thereof in order to our making 
due answer to the same. 

Louisboukg, May 10 th , 1746. P. W. W. P. 

Order to all Persons to bring in their Acco ts . 

Louisbourg, May 23 rd , 1746. 
All persons that have any acco ts unpaid for materials 
supply'd or service done for this his Majesty's garrison 
are hereby notified to bring them in forthwith, and no 
such acco t8 will be passed by us after next Wednesday. 

P. Warren. 
W M Pepperrell 

1746.] COPIES OF ORDERS. 93 

Order to Jn° Hen y Bastide, Esq r 

Louisbourg, May 24 th , 1746. 

S R , — As we expect to leave this place soon, we desire 
you would make up the acco ts for this garrison relative to 
your branch to this day, in order to their being passed 
upon & paid, & you are not to draw for any payments on 
us after this time. 
J. H. Bastide, Esq P. W. W. P. 

Proclamation for the Suppression of Vice. 

By the Hon ble Peter Warren, Esq r , &c a , and 
Sir William Pepperrell, Bar*, &c a . 

A Proclamation. 

Whereas, notwithstanding our late Proclamation for 
the suppression of immorality & profaness within this 
place (wherein we have declared that the martial law 
against the same shall be strictly put in execution), yet, 
in contempt of the laws of God and our s d Proclamation, 
many instances thereof are still found among us, & in 
perticular vain swearing & cursing with horrid oaths & 
imprecations & impious profanation of the name of God 
are daringly practiced by some to the great scandal of 
the Christian religion, & by which we may justly fear 
Almighty God will be provoked further to send his de- 
stroying judgments upon this place, — We have there- 
fore thought fit to issue this Proclamation, hereby 
exhorting & requiring all officers under us to use their 
utmost endeavours for the suppression of all vice and 
immorality, not only by their own good example and 
exerciseing their influence & authority over those under 
their immediate command, but also by taking notice of 
all such offences committed within their knowledge, that 
the offenders may receive due punishment therefor, & all 


s d officers may be assured of our utmost encouragem* 
& protection in the prosecution of their s d endeavours, & 
all persons residing in this place will greatly recommend 
themselves to our favour by their virtuous & discreet 
lives & conversations. 

Given under our hands at Louisbourg, the 29 th day of 
March, in the nineteenth year of his Majesty's reign, 
Annoque Domini, 1746. 

P. Warren. 
W M Pepperrell 

By their Honours' Command. 

B. Green, Secry. 

God save the King. 

Order for bringing in the Tools. 

Louisbourg, May 26 th , 1746. 

All artificers & other persons within this garrison who 
have in their possession any workmen's tools or other 
utensills belonging to any of the New England Colonies 
are hereby notified that they must deliver them at eleven 
o'clock to-morrow to M r Brown, at the ordnance store, 
who will give them a receipt for the same. And any 
persons who have any such tools or utensills of their own 
that are desirous to dispose of them are also hereby noti- 
fied that if they will deliver them to the s d M r Brown, 
taking his receipt for the same, they shall be paid for 
them the value which they shall be apprized at upon 
making oath that they were their own property. 

P. W. W. P. 

1746.] copies of orders. 95 

Order to the Commanders of Companys to take 
Care of the Arms, &c. 

Louisbourg, May 26 th , 1746. 

The commanding officers of the several companys of 
the New England troops in this garrison are hereby 
directed to collect & take care of all the small arms, 
drums, & colours belong g to their respective companys in 
order to their being returned to the several governments 
to which they belong. 

P. W. W. P. 

Order to deliver Cannon, &c, to Brig r Waldo. 

Louisbourg, May 26, 1746. 

To Cap* Jo s Sherburne, — You are hereby directed to 
deliver the follow 2 articles to Brig r General Waldo, or his 
order, viz., 5 travelling pieces with their rammers, &c, 
that belong to the Province of the Mass a Bay ; 4 small 
guns with their carriages, &c, that did belong to the 
Louisbourg fireship, with ten rounds of shot, & for want 
thereof partridge equivalent for the same ; two New 
England cohorn mortars, & 100 shells; six barrels of 
pistol powder, and two barrels of cannon powder; 20 hund. 
w* of musket bullets & buck or swan shot; 1200 flints ; 50 
spare rammers : 56 lb. match ; 20 pick axes ; 20 shovels ; 
20 spades ; 20 wood axes. 

P. W. W. P. 

Order to y e Officers to give in the Names of Ser- 
vants & Apprentices in their Companies. 

Louisbourg, May 27 th , 1746. 
The commanding officers of the several comp as of the 
New England troops in this garrison are hereby directed 
to give in forthwith to Brig r General Waldo a list of the 


names of any servants or apprentices in their respective 
companies (which are not inlisted into either of the new 
regiments) and to deliver them to him ; and also their 
arms and accoutrements, taking a rec* for the same. 

P. W. W. P. 

Instructions to the Commanding Officers sent to 

S T Johns. 

Gex t , — Upon your arrival in the harbour of Port 
Le Joy in the island of S* Johns, in this government, (in 
the Bay Verte on y e south side) you are to dispatch Bap- 
tiste Young, &c, in an Indian canoe which you have for 
that purpose with the inclosed letter for the inhabitants 
of said island, w ch letter is to be sign'd by you and dated. 
You have also inclosed a letter for said inhabitants signed 
by us, which you are to communicate to such of those as 
shall come on board, whereby you find it is our express 
order that they prepare with all possible dispatch for to 
be transported to France. You are to keep as many of 
the chief inhabitants on board your ships as you think 
will be sufficient security for their due performance of 
the capitulation, and let them take turns to go and pre- 
pare their effects to be shipt on board the vessels w r e shall 
send you for that purpose. 

On Baptiste Do Young's return with some of the in- 
habitants, or an answer from them, or let the case be what 
it will, you are to dispatch the sloop [blank] with the sol- 
diers on board to us with an account of the same, for our 
better information how to proceed, sending one or more 
of the deputies in her, if they can be obtain'd, in order 
to know what number of vessels will be needful for their 
transportation. Inasmuch as some things may happen 
w ch we cannot foresee in the more particular conduct of 
this affair, we intirely leave it to you to act in the best 

1746.] COPIES OF ORDERS. 97 

manner you can for his Maj y ' s service during this transac- 
tion. You will endeavour to get the best intelligence 
of the motion of the enemy at Canada, the state of the 
garrison of Annapolis Royal, and where the Indians of 
Nova Scotia now are, or any other for his Majesty's 

If upon the strictest inquiry you shall find the French 
have deserted the island of Saint Johns, you are in 
that case to use your endeavour, without exposing your 
men too much to the hazards of ambush, to burn and 
destroy as many of their houses, vessels, & settlements 
as you possibly can, using your utmost diligence and 
dispatch in the execution of this service, after which 
you are to return to this port with the Albany brig. 
We are, Gen*, 

Y r most hum. serv ts . 


P. Warren. 

W M Pepperrell. 

To Cap* Harman, Col. Choate, & Cap* Colby, appointed to execute the 
above Instructions. 

Letter to the Inhabitants of S t Johns. 

Gen t , — Having had your two memorials of last fall 
under consideration, find it inconsistent with his Brittanic 
Majesty's interest to permit you to remain on the island 
of S* John of this government, neuter; therefore we have, 
agreeable to the capitulation, in w ch you are all expressly 
comprehended, sent vessels to transport you and your 
effects to France. We doubt not of your being sensible 
of the ill consequences of your endeavouring to evade 
any part of the capitulation, but will with all possible 
dispatch repair on board s d vessels for that purpose, your- 



selves, families and effects, where you may be persuaded 
all possible care shall be had of you all. M r Duboy died 
here last winter, and his little effects remain in our hands, 
w ch shall be paid to his proper heirs. We are 

Y r friends. 

P. Warren. 
W M Pepperrell. 

Louisbourg, May 14, 1746. 

To the inhabitants of St. Johns, &c. 

1744-5.] LETTERS. 99 



To the Hon Ue Coll 1 Will. Pepperrell, Esq r , in Boston. P r M r Jon. 


York, FeV? 4, 174f . 

Hok d S R , — Having a favourable opportunity by my 
neighb r , J. Saywerd, I tho't it might not be disagreeable 
to let you know that agreeable to the late proclamation, 
this day the several companies of the town were called 
together (except one), and there was a considerable 
readiness in many to enlist ; and as I am informed 17 
of Cap* Harmon's snowshoe men have already entred 
their names enlisted. Ab* ten or 12 have enlisted at 
large under any Cap* whom y e Gov r shall appoint. Ab* 
ten more under M r James Donnell. And twelve of Cap* 
Sewall's comp. have signed a paper signifieing their in- 
tention of enlisting, tho' desirous of l 8 * knowing who is 
like to be their Cap*. Among these twelve the Lieut, 
of the comp. was one. Here I cannot but observe (& 
indeed it was no small part of y e end of my writing to 
let you hear off what I doubt not but your Hon r will be 
pleased with) that the s d Cap* Sewall called his men to 
his own house & generously entertained them all with a 
dinner & much encouraged them to engage in the present 
expedition, promising to as many of his men as would go 

* He was a physician, and in that capacity accompanied the expedition against Louis- 
bourg. From a letter to Pepperrell, dated at Louisbourg, Sept. 2, 1745, we learn that Bul- 
man had received permission to return to New England, " either upon furlo or a release, & 
to take under my care the whole of the sick that belong to the ten companies raised in the 
upper part of the County of York." He died at Louisbourg not long afterward. (See let- 
ter from Benjamin and Mary Colman, dated at Boston Sept. 21, 1745, post, p. 373). — Eds. 


that he w d give them out off his own pocket so much as 
with the Province pay they sh d have 8<£ p r month. And 
that if any of their familys were in want he would supply 
them so that they sh d not suffer. An example (I think, 
& I doubt not y r Hon r will think) worth speaking of, & 
worthy of imitation. Some decline enlisting till they 
know who shall be the general officers, as also who shall 
be their particul r Cap*. I have some reason to conclude 
from what I have heard that y r Hon r has declined, so that 
I look upon my [self?] free from any special obligation 
to attend the present service. But yet if their be a blank 
w T arrant for a surgeon's mate, if it might be filled up with 
the name of John Swett of York, he is willing & I hope 
would be able to serve his King & country in that 
capacity. I w d before I conclude this scrip inf. that this 
clay I waited on y r lady & found her health something 
bettered. That y r Hon r , with y e hon ble brethren, may 
have council from above to direct in the important affairs 
you are from day to day engaged in is the hearty desire 
of y r Hon rs most humble & obliged servant. 

A. Bulman. 
P. S. I have reason to apologize for my freedom, but 
I must omitt it till I shall have the pleasure of seeing y r 
Hon r face to face. 

A. B. 


To William Pepperill, Escf, General of his Majesty's forces intended 

to, &c, &c. 

Boston, Feb? 6, 1744. 

Dear Sir, — I have no design to detain you above 
three minnits from your more important affairs; therefore 

* Col. Benjamin Pollard, born June 6, 1696, died Dec. 26, 1756. From October, 1743, 
to his death lie was sheriff of Suffolk County. His portrait by Blackburn is in the Cabinet, 
of this Society. See Proceedings, vol. i. p. 498, vol. xvi. p. 390; Whitmore's Mass. Civil 
List, p. 79. —Eds. 

1744-5.J LETTERS. 101 

shall be short. I am well assured that an intrest is 
makeing for the valiant Josiah Quincy to be what you 
were so kind to say that our fr d Benj a Green shall be, 
viz., your secretary. Now, as you had the right of ap- 
point g y* officer, and as the Gov r had promised Secretary 
Willard the same for Green before, so I hope you won't 
adhear to any solicitations even from our Colonel him- 
self, who I expect will write you in fav r of s d Quincy. I 
hope you got safe to M rs Pepperil and found her and the 
family well. I am, with due regard, Sir, 

Your most ob* serv fc . 

Benj\ Pollard. 

P. S. Green is getting ready, as you directed him. 


To the Hon hle W. Pepperrell, Esq. , at Kittrey. 

Portsm , Feb. 8, 1744. 

Hon d Sir, — Give me leave to salute y u on y r being 
appointed Gen 11 . I doubt not but you will use y r best 
endeavor, and I hartily wish you successe. I am doing 
all y t I can to forward y e buisnesse. I was latly at York, 
and find y e people exceeding ready to go, but are in con- 
fusion on acc fc of officers. I hope Cap* Donnell will be 
appointed a Lieu* Coll., and Elder Harmon a Major, as he 
was y e first man y t engaged with me in y e affair, even 
before Cap* Donnell came. I pray y* if these gent 1 are ap- 
pointed above Captains y* they may have an allowance to 
nominate y e officers of these compas. I have desired y e 
gent 1 at York to march one comp a next Mondy to Boston, 

* Col. William Vaughan was born in Portsmouth, N. H., Sept. 12. 1703, graduated at 
Harvard College in 1722, and died in London Dec. 11, 1746. He played an important part 
in the operations against Louisbourg. See Appleton's Cyclopaedia of American Biog- 
raphy, vol. vi. p. 246 ; Coll. of Maine Hist. Soc, vol. viii. pp. 293-313. — Eds. 


to give life & spring to y e affair. I hope you'l encourage 
y e same. I have written to Doctor Hale to desire y e Gov r 
to ord r all y e men to march in next week. I pray you to 
make ready to be at Boston next week, for dispatch is y e 
life of businesse. I have proposed y t 2000 men, if no 
more, be ready to sail by y e twentyeth day of y e month. 
I hear y t you intend to be at this town Mondy next; 
shall endeavor to wait on you, should do it sooner but y* 
I expect you '1 be full of comp a . 

I am your hum b sert. 

W. Vaughan. 

Hon ble W. Pepperrell, Esq r . 


Sir, — I give myself the honour to write you to ac- 
quaint your Honour that the Honourable Samuel Waldo 
hath been appointed by the comitee of our General Court 
to speak to my son Andrew (now at Falmouth) and to 
encourage him to go with you and your army against 
Cape Breton, in quality and in the character of a linguis- 
ter. Tho' I want him very much about some other busi- 
nes, yet if he can be serviceable in the intended expedition, 
I would consent to his going upon a suitable encourage- 
ment. It is uncertain yet how much the General Court 
will allow him. It is not likely that they will grant what 
I call a sufficient encouragement, except you are pleased 
to give him a lieutenancy in your own regiment or some 
other. Indeed, Sir, what makes people fond of commis- 
sions in your army is a hope, well or ill grounded, that if 
the place be taken they may have their commissions con- 
firmed at home, and so have either a full sterling pay, if 
they are imployed, and if they are dismissed a half-pay. 

* Minister of the French Protestant Church in Boston. He died Mar. 31, 1764, in his 
seventy-second year. See Memorial History of Boston, vol. ii. pp. 254-258. — Eds. 

1744-5.] LETTEES. 103 

For that reason I would have him receive a lieutenant's 
commission, and be left in garrison there. Plowever, I 
would desire it upon these terms, that during the expe- 
dition he would only act as a linguister, and after the 
taking of the place as both a Lieutenant and a linguister. 
My son hath by him a plan of Louisbourg and the fortifi- 
cations of the town, drawn by himself, which (as Captain 
Loring saith) is truer than any extant, and might be of 
some use in this expedition. Pray, Sir, honour me with 
one word of answer. I pray the God of Hosts to be your 
shield against all your ennemies, to crown your undertak- 
ing with succes and your person with His best blessings, 
and I pray you to believe me, most respectfully, Sir, 
Your Honour's most humble and obedient servant. 

Andrew Le Mercier. 

To the Honourable Brigadier Pepperel, Esq r , &c, &c., &c. 
Boston, the 8 th of February, 174£ 


To the Hon. William Pepperrel, Esq* , Brig. General, at Kittrey. 
f Cap' Seal. 

York, Feb r 16 th , 1744. 

Hon d Sir, — This waits on you with my duty, wishing 
you all the success and comfort that prosperity can afford 
you in the great trust repos'd in you. May the conduct 
of Heavn always atend you in evere scene of life. The 
Providence of God blessing me with so good a measure of 
health, and my inclinations being strong to wait on you 
to Lewisburgh, I am perswaded their is something yet for 
me to do their before I leave the world. And as your 
smiles is all I crave in order to my going with you, I shall 

* Col. Johnson Harmon had been in earlier life one of the most noted Indian fighters of 
the time, and was associated with Col. Moulton in many of his expeditions. At the date 
of this letter he must have been well advanced in vears. — Eds. 


look for my reward either in the coming world (if I am 
cal'd of in the cause of my King and country) or as you 
see I deserve if ever I return to New England. If you'l 
favour me with a line in answer. I shall look upon it as a 
token of your regard. I beg leave, Hon d S r , to subscribe 

Y r dutifull hb le ser*. 

Johnson Harman. 


For the Hon. William Pepperrell, Esq., Brigadier Gen 1 for y e Expe- 
dition to Cape Breton, in Kittery or elsewhere, by M r Young. 

Saco Falls, Febr? 20, 1744. 

Hon d Sir, — Understanding by Col Waldo that my 
proposal of being a surgeon in the intended expedition 
was rejected by the Hon r Committee, & being desirous 
to go in some shape or other, & hearing nothing in 
answer to my request in writing to y° Hon r for an en- 
listing order, I took a warrant from Col Waldo to beat 
in his & y r regiments, & have with such as I had secured 
before compleated the number of forty-six men, whose 
names I have sent to the Governour by M r Young, & do 
believe I can make them up sixty. If what I have clone 
be agreeable to y r Hon r , & shall be content with a com- 
mand that will not degrade me. Dennis Downing; tells 
me he has enlisted with y r Hon r , notwithstanding he had 

* Ammi Rnhamah Cutter was a son of William and Elizabeth Cutter, of Cambridge, 
Mass., and was baptized May 0, 1705. He graduated at Harvard College in 1725, and 
lugau to preach at North Yarmouth, Maine, in 1729. He was ordained minister of the 
church there Nov. 18, 17.30, and was dismissed Dec. 12, 1735, on account "of the unhappy 
difference which had arisen between him and the church." He afterward practised as a 
physician, and in Dec, 1742, removed to Saco, where he commanded a fort and had charge 
of an Indian trading-house. In the expedition against Louisbourg he was a captain in 
Col. Moulton's regiment, and for a considerable time was in command at Canso. After 
the capture of Louisbourg he remained in that place as chief surgeon, and died there in 
March, 1740. There are numerous letters, many of them of very little importance, among 
the Pepperrell Papers. See Paige's Hist, of Cambridge, p. 522; Coll. of Maine Hist. Soc. 
vol. ii. p. 186. — Eds. 

1744-5.] LETTERS. 105 

before entered with me, which he was induced to do for 
want of money, & I hear y t Nathan 1 Crocker, another of 
my men, has since enlisted with Cap 1 James Noble, which 
I mention that they may not be enter' d twice. Sir, as 
Biddiford (wherein are about twelve of my men) is nearer 
to Falmouth than to York, & as my family & a number 
of my men are at North Yarmouth, I must beg the favour 
that I may appear with my men at Falmouth rendezvous. 
I shall wait at Biddiford for y r Hon rs further order, & am 

Y r humble serv*. 

Ami Ruh. Cutter. 

I expect by Saturday to make up sixty men, having 
already secur'd five or six y* are not in the list. 


To the IIon hle William Pepperell, Esq., Brigadeer General and Com- 
ander in Chief of the intended Expedition, &c 9 att Kitterey. 

Biddeford, February y e 25, 1744. 

Sr., — Though I may be y e last that may congratulate 
you upon your exalted station that y e Almighty God and 
y e people of this province have entrusted you with, which, 
indeed, is of y e greatest, and in my small capacity of 
discerning y e most wisely concerted for y e best interest 
of y e whole continent, yet I may with sincerrity own to 
you my heart and affections are with you ; and had I 
had time to have appeared, I should have been proud to 
have waited on you in this expedition tho' without sus- 
taning any comission or proffitt. It being enough for 
me as a gentleman of this county to have accompanied 
General Pepperel. I am fully knowing that" in y e midst 

* The will of John Gray, of Biddeford, dated Sept. 1, 1752, and probated April 1, 1755, 
is printed in Sargent's Maine Wills, pp. 749, 750. In it he names Elizabeth, his wife, an 
unmarried daughter, Man', and two married daughters, Elizabeth, wife of Ezekiel Cushing, 
and Olive, wife of Nathan Woodman. — Eds. 


of y e hurrey of bussiness you are now in long epistles are 
unseasonable. Yet permit me to add a few words which 
you may peruse at your leisure. Goe on, Great S r , in y e 
strength and under y e banner of the Lord of Host. Tis 
not by numbers that I hope you think to conquer. But to 
them to whom y e arm of the Lord shall be revealed. I be- 
leive no expedition ever will be ine [any ?] more accom- 
panied with more ardent & fervent prays (to God) then 
this, y t you S r , may be directed to such measures as may 
be to y e honour and glory of God. For tis he that giveth 
wisdom and ubraideth not. Tis strongly imprest on my 
mind y* you will have y e hon r of taking that strong cidi- 
dale. And how sweet and pleasant will it be to you to be 
the person under God that shall reduce and pull down that 
stronghold of Satan, and sett up the kingdome of our ex- 
alded Saviour. 0, that I could be with you and dear M r 
Moodey in that single church to destroy y e images their 
sett up, and y e true Gospel of our Lord and Saviour 
Jesus Christ their preached. My wife who is loe and 
under confinement, yet is so spirrited in y e affair on y r 
taking of y e coihand that she is very willing all her sons 
shall wait on you, tho' it is outwardly much to our 
damage, one is already enlisted, and know not but their 
may be more. She sends her duty to you, and tells me 
as long as she has life she shall impotunatly pray for you. 
I have attended y e enlisments by your officers here, but 
am surprised att y e conduct of Cp* Cutter. I am, Hon d 

Your most obedient freind and very humble ser\ 

Joiin Gray. 

1744-5.] LETTERS. 107 


On his Majesties Service. To the Hon We William Pepperrell, Esq r , 
Brigadier General, <fec, in Kittery. 

Hon blk Sir, — Your favour of 18 th currant we re- 
ceived. The sloop mentioned as come round to Boston 
the Com tee have taken up for a transport. We are much 
pleased to hear of the prospect your Honour has of so 
many brave soldiers from your regiment, and as every 
thing is in a great forwardness, and almost ready for 
departure, as we imagine your Honour will be particu- 
larly informed by his Excellency, we presume we shall 
very soon have the pleasure of seeing you here. The 
ship and snow mentioned in our former letter, w ch are at 
Rhode Island, are engaged and coming round to Cape 
Ann to join the other force. The new ship (the Massa- 
chusetts, Cap* Tyng) is in great forwardness, and will be 
ready in season, as will also Cap* Snelling's ship, and we 
imagine every part of the expedition may be compleat 
for departing by the beginning of next week at furthest. 
We are continually exerting yourselves [sic] in the affair, 
and are, Hon ble S r , 

Y r very hum. serv*. 

In the name of the Com tee . 

John Osborne. 

Boston, Feb r y 26 th , 1744. 


Falmouth, February 27 th , 1744. 

Hon d Sir, — In obediance to y r Honor's command I 
take this, being the first, opertunity to let you know I 

* Hon. John Osborne was a prominent merchant and citizen of Boston; serving in various 
civil capacities, and for thirty-two j T ears was a' member of the Council. At this time he was 
chairman of the Committee of War. He died Aug. 27, 1768, aged eighty years. See Whit- 
more's Mass. Civil List, pp. 54-61; Reports of Record Commissioners, passim; Roberts's 
Hist, of Anc. and Hon. Artil. Co., vol. ii. p. 122. —Eds. 

t Moses Pearson was born in Newburyport in 1697, and settled in Falmouth in 1728 or 


got home the 25 th instant ; since which I have inlisted 
twelve able-bodyed men. My being from home, Cp* 
Noble, Cp fc Moody, and Cp fc Cuter with some others teling 
people I had got a full company at Newbury and did not 
intend to return to Falmouth, but proceed to Boston, 
induced a nomber on whome I most depended to list 
with the s d Captens, so that men are not plenty ; but I 
hope within 4 or five days to make up the nomber thurty 
or more, and take the first opertunity to Boston. I am 
Y r Honour's most obedant humble ser fc . 

Moses Pearson. 

Pos. Scrip. Colonal Waldo w at Bideford informed me 
Cp* Cuter wold have no commition and incuerdge me I 
had opertunity to take the men he inlisted at Falmouth. 
If so I shall be able to make up a company in a short 
time. I am, Hond. Sir, 

Yours ; 

M s Pearsox. 


To the Ilonerable Brigadeer General W m Pepperell in Kittry. 

P0RTSM , Feb>- 27 th , 1744. 

Sir, — Itt is with great reluctancy that I take pen in 
hand on this great and most important subject, well know- 
ing my own inabilitys, and nothing butt y e obedience I 
owe to your commands could tempt me to thus expose 
myselfe, butt must att y e same time beg itt may not be 
seen by any butt yourselfe. In confidence of which I goe 

1729. He was a carpenter by trade, and became one of the most prominent citizens in Fal- 
mouth, being sheriff of the county and one of the justices of the Court of Common Pleas. 
See Kidlon's Saco Valley, p. 122; Whitmore's Mass. Civil List, pp. 121, 122. — Ens. 

* Jot ham Odiorne, Jr., was a son of the Hon. Jot ham Odiorne, of Newcastle, for many 
years one of the Council of New Hampshire. He married a sister of Col. Meserve, and died 
May 19, 1751, aged 48. See Wentworth Genealogy; Brewster's Rambles about Portsmouth. 
— Eds. 

1744-5.] LETTERS. 109 

on to say that in my opinion, under God and your un- 
doubted conduct and courage, nothing more likely to 
contribute to y e desired success than despatch from New- 
England and early arrival att a proper landing att or near 
Lewisbrug, and that itt is most probable that small vessells, 
viz* from 50 to 120 tons, att this season of y e year, will be 
y e most safe & expeditious. As to a proper place for first 
and generall randevous, I judge that Country Harbour is 
y e most suitable, being about fourteen leagues to y e west- 
ward of Cansoe, and tho there is sundry harbours between 
that and Cansoe, yett none so comodious and easey out- 
lett. As to Cansoe Harbour, which some have talkt of 
for randevous, itt will certainly be more likely to give y e 
enemie intelligence of your coming, for as that harbour is 
made with a number of islands laying to y e eastward of y e 
main land, y e French often resort there in boats for gull- 
ing and other occations, they may on your arrival there 
verry easey ly gett away undiscoured, and so carry y e 
news to Lewisbrug. I much approve of what you were 
pleased to inform me of, your intention of taking St 
Peters Harbour by part of your fleet in your w r ay to 
Lewisbrug, which will be of good service in cutting of 
any intelligence from that place going any w 7 ay, and att 
y e same time informing you of y e state of Lew 7 isbrug, att 
which place on your happy arrival I cant butt think that 
a suden surprize to them and a bold push on our side will 
undoubtedly carry the point, in which under your com- 
mand (would y e circumstances of my family which are 
verry peculiar to my disadvantage herein admit of itt) 
would willingly run y e risque of my life. I well know 
some are of quite difernt thoughts on the affair ; they are 
for w r aiting for ships from abroad and troops to our assist- 
ance. Indeed, I think them of singular use and absolute 
necessity in case y e place is not taken in y e afores d attempt. 
Butt as far as I can deserne, with submission to better 
judgments, itt would be riming a verry great risque for us 


to lay still there waiting for greater strength ; for as that 
must come from West Indies or England, or both of them, 
itt is easy to conceive of y e many missfortunes that may 
happen in such long passages with such large ships, y e 
danger of storms, fowl winds, loss of masts, engagements 
with enimies, loosing company with one or other, falling 
into bodys of ice, and many other unforeseen or even 
unthought of accidents that may hapen that may even 
give time enough in y e season of y e year for the place to 
have recrutes and succours from France; for no doubt y e 
French well know y e consequences of, and have their 
hearts much sett on, this place, and in what bad circum- 
stances itt was left in last fall. They will send them out 
releife so early as they may be there as soon as ever y e 
season of y e year will admit of itt, and if theire ships 
should hapen to arive theire before ours, what a forever 
lamented thing would this be to us. 

Sir, what occations my saying even too much on this 
part is from last evning's conversation with sundry gentle- 
men, that I presume are going on y e expedition, seemed 
fully inclined to a regular seige, and waiting as before. 
A seige in that manner is a thing I must confess is what 
I am a stranger to, and doubt not butt many of our 
countrymen are likewise, and would act very awkerdly 
therein, who in y e former way would be as bold and good 
men as y e world can produce, and I belive and trust will 
venture theire all in y e cause, notwithstanding if itt can't 
be taken in y e former way I conceive itt much to y e ad- 
vantage and honour of our nation and this country in 
perticular to keep y e ground untill ships and men shall 
come from England, West Indies, and New England with 
all the power and force possable so as not to faile, on y e 
whole, if itt should cost us halfe our substances ; butt a 
more short and easy conquest would no doubt be most 
acceptable to us, as well as more glorious to yourselfe ; 
and now, dear Sir, I beg leave to recomend you and y e 

1744-5.] LETTERS. HI 

whole affair to y e Almighty God, in whose power and 
strength I doubt not you putt your trust and confidence, 
trusting that in a few weeks wee shall hear of y e desired 
effect of this grand undertaking and shall have y e honour 
of congratulating you and your good famaly on your safe 
and happy return, of which many of your friends can more 
fully express their joy & gratitude, butt none more sin- 
cere than, Sir, 

Your most obedient hum le servant. 

J. Odiorne, Ju b . 

Brigadeer General W M Pepperell. 


To Brigadier General Pepperell, att Kittery 

Portsmouth, 28 th Febr, 1744. 

Sir, — I have sent you my tent by M r Robert Savery, 
which I hope will be very serviceable, but you will be 
pleased to observe that it is on your credit, & not on the 
credit of your Com tee , who I have a great regard for, but 
as this tent is belonging to a number of gent n in this town 
equally interested in it with myself, I shall be obliged to 
produce this, or another of equal value, and I can with 
more certainty depend on you for it than a Com tee whose 
power may be dissolved in a few weeks. Therefore on 
your arrivall at Boston please to settle the matter with 
them on the footing I have mention'd. 

I must desire you to reserve the arms you have 'till 
to-morrow, when I shall order a person to view them, and 
if they will do for our men that want arms I shall give 
orders to bring them up, & you may have a war* on the 
treasury for the amount thereof. I am with great truth, 
S r , Your most hum 1 ser*. 

B. Wentworth. 

Brigadier Gen 1 Pepperill. 

* Benning Wentworth, Governor of New Hampshire from 1734 to 1767, was the eldest 
son of Lieut. Gov. John Wentworth, was born at Portsmouth July 24, 1696, graduated at 
Harvard College in 1715, and died in Portsmouth Oct. 14, 1770. — Eds. 


For the IIon ble Colon 1 W m Pepperrell, Esq r , in Boston. ¥> M r Gerrish. 

Newcastle, March 6 th , 1744/5. 

Hon d S B , — After yo r departure y fc day from Portsm the 
Assembly met, and I made a mot a y fc thare might /be 
something allow d by this governm fc for the Gener 1 ' 8 table 
y* our field officers might appear w th you as those from 
the other govern mts , and after some debate thereon (not 
to ment n pertickulars att, present) thare was voted thirty 
pounds, new tenor, to be paid you out of y e treasury and 
sent up, and dout not was concur d w th and assented to, 
because thare was a parragraph of Gov r Shirley's letter 
to Gov r Wentworth layd before us on some points wherein 
something of y* nature was ment d about an allowance for 
our field officers, butt wee was immediately adjourn d to 
Thursday, 10 clock ; and I made a mot n to the Assembly 
for leave to go with you, and thay ware all against it, 
and would not give me leave without sending a precept 
out for a new one, and w ch they said might be a damage 
to the governm* and in pertickular to the town w ch I rep- 
resent, and I find y t Rye and Newcastle are very oneasy 
y* I sh d go, so cannot w th hono r and justice to those places 
proceed on the expedition. Butt sho d have bin glad to 
have done myself the hono r and pleasure of goeing w th 
you had not I bin pree ingag d on the publick affairs and 
thare insisting so much on my staying. I sho d have in- 
formed you before, butt could not git an oppertunity, so 
hope you will excuse me. I pray God y fc you may be 
und r His divine protect 11 in yo r undertakings and return d 
in safety to the enjoym' of yo r family and friends, and 
am, Hon d S r 

Yo r most obed e kinsman and hum ble serv\ 

W M Frost. 

* William Frost, born May 20, 1705, was the eldest son of Hon. John Frost of Newcastle, 
N. II., who married the eldest sister of Sii William repperrell. See N. E. Hist, and 
Gen. Reg., vol. v. p. 1G5. —Ens. 

1744-5.] LETTERS. 113 

P. S. I putt on board yo r schon r a coop with fifteen fat 
fowles y* has bin fatning all winter, likewise a bbl. of 
choyce perry pack*, of w ch I pray yo r acceptance of as a 
small token from yo r obed fc kinsman. 

W. F. 

W» Pepp ll Esq*. 


Dear Sir, — Your visit last Monday was so unexpected, 
your stay so short, and your departure (as it were) with 
your life in your hand, it made me a little discomposed, 
and I hardly knew what to say ; therefore now take the 
freedom to send my good wishes after you, with heartiest 
prayers to the God of Armies that you may have wisdom 
and courage equall to the great charge you have accepted, 
and as a true Christian hero may have your relyance in- 
tirely on the Captain of our Salvation for success, that 
the Lord of Hosts may make you a conqueror, that you 
may return in triumph and laden with lawrels. These, 
dear Sir, are the most sincere and ardent wishes and 
prayers of a most affectionate and obliged friend. Two 
country company s came to town yesterday, and 'tis said 
all are to be in to-day, and that they are to sail a Monday, 
tho there is not one comission yet granted, either for field 
officers or others. Our Don Diego t has acted such a 
part that he is quite entangled and hardly knows what 
to do about commissions, and besides is embarrass' d by the 
Assembly, and moreover much plagued in his mind about 
Huske's voyage ; he said lately it was better to be a por- 
ter than a Governor. Give me leave once more to rec- 

* Richard Waldron was born in Dover, N. H., Feb. 21, 1694, graduated at Harvard 
College in 1712, and died Aug. 23, 1753. He was Secretary of New Hampshire from 1730 
until Benning Wentworth superseded Belcher as Governor, when he was removed from 
office. See 6 Mass. Hist. Coll., vol. vi. p. 4 n. —Eds. 

t This was one of the nicknames which Gov. Belcher applied to Lieut. Gov. Dunbar. 
Waldron applies it to Wentworth. See 6 Mass. Hist. Coll., vol vii. passim. —Eds. 


ommend the son of a friend to jour patronage and favour, 
according to the degrees of his merit. If your leisure 
will permit it, I shall esteem it a singular favour to have 
a line by the post. I purpose to write you again by our 
transports, and am, Hon ble Sir, 

Your most obedient, obliged, and affectionate humble 

Ricii d Waldrox. 

Port., March 8 th , 1744/5 
Hon ble General Pepperrell 


To the Hon hU Coll 11 Pepperell, Escf, in Boston, f M r Odiorne. 

Hon d Sir, — Tis with inexpressible pleasure I inform 
you that I shall wait upon you as a chaplain in the Expe- 
dition. My heart has ever been in it, and I have secretly 
hoped that I might go to be a blessing among my brave 
countrymen. Providence permitting I will wait upon 
you, Sir, next Monday to receive your further orders. 
With the greatest respect, I am, Hon d Sir, 
Your very humble serv*. 

Nath ll Walter. 

Roxbury, March 10 th , 1744/5. 


For the IIon blc General William Pepperel, Esq r in Boston. 

IIon cle Sir, — I cannot help bearing you & the noble 
design you are upon continually in my heart, which is 

* Rev. Nathaniel Walter, minister of the second church in Roxbury, was a son of Rev. 
Nehemiah Walter of the first church, and was born in Roxbury, Aug. 15, 1711. He grad- 
uated at Harvard College, in 1729, was ordained July 10, 1734, and died March 11, 177G. 
See Memorial History of Boston, vol ii., p. 346. — Ens. 

t Rev. John Barnard was born in Boston Nov. 6, 1681, and graduated at Harvard 
College in 1700. In 1707 he accompanied the expedition against Annapolis in the capacity 
of a chaplain. "While he was attempting to take a plan of the fort, a cannon ball was 

1744-5.] LETTEES. 115 

entirely with you, and am desirous, since I cannot attend 
you in the service, to contribute my mite, as I am able, 
to the advancement of the great undertaking, and there- 
fore hope you will please to forgive me the freedom of 
sending you a plan of such a manner of encampment as 
appears to me at present best suited to the security of 
y r army, and the annoiance of the enemy. Something 
like this, if the ground will ad mitt of it, or such variations 
from it as the circumstances of the ground necessitates, 
seemeth requisite if a regular camp be formed. The 
wings of the bastions must be distroyed, which the two 
batteries C C are designed for, that the men may not be 
cutt off in scaling or storming the town. But I hope you 
will have better plans from abler hands, and then this will 
be of no use but to shew my good will, nor need it ever 
be known from whence it came. 

If you will give me leave, I will go on to say, that it 
seemeth to me an attack upon the Royal Battery so much 
talked of will be needless, because when that is taken, 
the town, which is fortifyed, will be still to take; but 
when once the town is taken all batteries will fall of 
course, and therefore I should think the whole force 
should be bent against the town. The heavy artillery 
will doubtless soon deface their wall, & the bombs distress 
the inhabitants encumbered with their women & chil- 
dren. And if when you are ready for storming the place 
the ships of war upon a signal agreed upon should make 
a feint, as if they designed to attack the batteryes, by 
appearing before them, it will draw many of the enemy 
down to them, & leave the fewer to encounter with, & so the 
town will be the easyer carry ed, and probably with the loss 
of fewer men, if they do not see cause to surrender with- 
out storming. 

fired at him, which, however, did him no other injury than to cover him with dirt." In 
July, 1716, he was ordained colleague pastor of the church in Marblehead; and he died 
there Jan. 24, 1770, in the fifty-fourth year of his ministry. See Mass. Hist. Coll., vol viii. 
pp. 66-69 ; Sprague's Annals of the Amer. Pulpit, vol. i. pp. 252-255. — Eds. 


May the God of Armyes, who lias raised you up for 
this day, be with you ; the Eternal God be your refuge, 
k underneath may be His everlasting arms ; may He 
teach your hands to war and your fingers to fight, & cause 
3^011 to tread down the enemy. I doubt not but the cause 
is God's so far as we can well say any cause of this nature 
can be ; for all that is dear to us in our country, our 
flourishing, yea, our very subsistence in it, yea, our re- 
ligion, all lyes at stake. They have first began with us 
at Canco & Anapolis, as well as their King unjustly pro- 
claimed war against our nation, and it should be our 
constant cry, Delenda est Carthago, Cape Breton must 
be destroyed, or we must expect to be destroyed by them. 
May your army do valiantly and encourage themselves in 
the Lord, our God; may they be of good courage, & play 
the men for our people and the cityes of our God, & the 
Lord do that which seemeth Him good 

I am, with my best wishes & most fervent pray ra , 
Hon ble S r , 

Your most obedient, humble serv*. 

John Barnard. 

Marbleheap, March 11, 1744. 


D R S R , — The sincere desire I have that the publick 
spirit y fc animates a gen 11 of yo r fortune sh d meet with 
equal sucess in an enterprize so worthy of yo r services 
& y° attention of this Province induces me to hint to y u 
y° merritt of Cap' Rhodes who coiiiands a comp a under 
y u . My knowledge of him has been for many y rs and I 

* Judge Auehmuty was of Scottish descent, was educated in Ireland and England, and 
came over to Massachusetts in early life. Here he obtained distinction as a lawyer, and 
in 1733 was made Judge of the Court of Admiralty. He died in April, 1750. Gov. 
Helchcr, who disliked him personally, nicknames him "the Irish Judge." See Drake's 
Biographical Dictionary, p. 42 ; 6 Mass. Hist. Coll. Vols, vi., vii. passim. — Eds. 

1744-5.] LETTERS. 117 

assure y u y t by his natural & acquired abilitys y u will dis- 
cover him strong in judgm* & active in execution. And 
in this distinguishing light I recomend him to yo r coun- 
tenance, knowing none under y u will (in my opinion) 
contribute more to yo r laurels, with which y* y u may be 
crownd in this expedition is y e unfeigned wishes of, 
d r bro, 

Y r ever obliged friend & most obed* hum. serv*. 

Boston, 12 th March, 1744. 
To y e Hon ble Brig r Peperill. 


Hon ble Sir, — I wrote you a line or two last week, 
hardly expecting an answer by reason of your hurry, and 
I hoped I should have no opportunity to write you again 
at Boston ; but as I fear you'l hardly get away till Mon- 
day (by what I hear of the backwardness of affairs there) 
I take the freedom of testifying my respect once more, 
and of tendering you my most ardent wishes for your pros- 
perity, while at the same time I can't but fear the slow- 
ness of the preparations will make the expedition 
considerably out of season, which may bring on inconven- 
iencies not at first expected. As I am not concerned at 
Court, nor have any hand in the Ministry, I know not 
whether you have any coinissions from our Governor, 
which I apprehend ought to have ben, nor do I know 
what correspondents you have here to inform you of our 
proceedings, and therefore a hint or two of them from 
me I presume won't be unacceptable. On Tuesday 
evening sundry officers had their coinissions, M r More is 
Colonel, M r Meserve is 1/ Colonel, and M r Gilman Maj r , 
Tuf ton is a Captain, and my son is Captain-Lieutenant to 
L fc Col Meserve. Captain John Fernald comands our 


guard sloop, armed with carriage guns & swivels. The 
other officers I don't know, nor are all yet commission- 
ated. The guard sloop and several of the transports are 
this day gone to the island, and 'tis said all will be ready 
to sail to-morrow or a Lord's day. The Lord grant you 
seasonable weather and propitious gales, and may it please 
Him who overrules all things to crown the enterprize with 
success. Amen & amen. I am, dear Sir, 

Your most affectionate, obliged and obed* humble ser- 

Richard Waldrox. 

Portsm°, March 15 th , 1744/5. 
Hon Gen 1 PErPERRELL. 


Kittery, 18 th March, 1744. 

Hon d Sir, — I wrote you the last post but one, w ch 
went under cover to my partner, and he doubtless did. 
it to you. I wonder not that 1 have no answer, since 
you were engaged greatly in matters of infinitely greater 
consequence. As T expect this will be delivered you at 
sea, you may possibly have leisure enough to read it, 
and will excuse me, should it give you an}^ interruption, 
nothing further being proposed by it then to give you 
a fresh (& the best I am able to present) token of my 
filial regards and affection towards a parent to whom I 
can neither express my obligations, much less requite 
them, nor give more then a shadow of the firm attach- 
ment I have to yo r person and interest. I do assure 
you, Sir, that I constantly bear you on mind with all the 
duty, love, & respect that the best father can desire or 

* Col. Nathaniel Sparhawk was a son of Rev. John Sparhawk, of Bristol, R. I., and 
was born March 4, 171."). lie became a merchant in Boston, and married Elizabeth, eldest 
daughter of Sir William IVpperrell, June 10, 1742. lie died at Kittery, Dec. 21, 1776. 
See Savage's Gen. Diet., vol. iv. p. 144 ; Coll. Maine Hist. Soe., vol. ix. p. 252. — Eds. 

1744-5.] LETTEES. 119 

claim from an affectionate and most obedient son; nor 
am I more sollicitous for the prosperity of my own family 
(w ch I know is closely connected & depends greatly on 
yo r prosperity, favour & patronage) then for the happiness 
of yours ; and I am more especially concerned in regard 
of yo r present great undertaking, that the Almighty God 
may preserve you in & quallify you for every thing that 
may be required from you ; that He would give you 
health, wisdom & courage equal to your enterprises ; 
that you may gain an honourable victory, and be returned 
in safety, according to yo r wishes, & may have the just 
applause of all good men for yo r love of vertue, mag- 
nanimity, and inviolable attachment to our nation & par- 
ticularly to New England ; and may not only your works 
praise you, but may yo r countrymen, inspired with a 
sense of yo r value universally rise & call you blessed. 
This letter, I trust, will be the more agreeable as it covers 
one from yo r good lady, my mother Pepperrell. Bettsy 
begs her father to accept her in joyning w th me in every 
wish, peice of respect, & duty. Each of our familys (God be 
thanked) are pretty well. M r Waldron, the bearer, has 
in a very complaisant manner taken leave of each of them, 
w ch is a peice of civility that he is singular in, and there- 
fore if his behaviour intitles him likewise, he will have 
some marks of yo r favour to distinguish him. Pray, Sir, 
favour me with a line, if an express comes from you, w ch 
will highly honour and particularly gratifye me. I would 
not presume to add any more. Allow me to finish with 
my compliments to Coll Waldo & any gen 11 that may 
enquire after me, & to assure you that I am sincerely & 
with all possible defference, Sir, 

Y r most ob fc son & devoted humble servant. 

N. Sparhawk. 

Brigadier General Pepperrell. 



Portsmouth, March 21 st , 1744. 

Sir, — I was at Newcastle 'till nine last night in order 
to get our fleet under sail, but the wind failing it could 
not be effected. I shall go down at high water, & should 
the wind offer I shall have them under sail in half an 
hour. I have order'd the rendezvous at White Head, 
but lest the wind should take them short it will be proper 
for one of your sailing vessells to call in at Island Har- 
bour or Country Harbour. M r Bollum desired that you 
may be informed that I have ordered frames & boards of 
25 feet long & 16 feet wide for our men. I am in great 
haste, preparing for Cap* Durell. 

Your Excellency's most hm 1 serv*. 

B. Wentworth. 

His Ex? Gov 1- Shirley. 


Boston, March 23, 1744. 

Sir, — Inclos'd is a list of the several companies form'd 
into regiments, a copy of w ch I desire you would be 
pleased to order your Secretary to deliver to every Colonel 
so far as it concerns his particular regiment. You will 
observe y l I have been oblig'd to assign a company for 
Colonel Bradstreet after it was form'd w th three commis- 
sion officers, so y fc I could not without hardship destroy 
any of their commissions, and it is the same case w th 
Major Ellis's company, w ch last commission I was oblig'd 

* William Shirley was bovn in Sussex, England, in 1694, and died in Boston March 24, 
1771. In 1731 he came to Boston under the patronage of the Duke of Newcastle; and when 
Belcher was superseded as Governor of Massachusetts, he was appointed Governor. He 
was removed in 1757, and was partially compensated by appointment as Governor of the 
Bahamas. lie returned to Massachusetts about a year before his death. See Dictionary 
of National Biography, vol. lii. pp. 142, 143; 6 Mass. Hist. Coll., vols, vi., vii. passim. 
— Ens. 

1744-5.] LETTERS. 121 

to give in order to procure him to go Surgeon General, 
in w ch capacity I look upon him to be as necessary an 
officer as any among the forces, yourself excepted. It is 
certainly w th me to appoint what officers I think fit in 
each company. If a different construction as to paying 
'em should be put upon the establishment by the General 
Court y 11 is consistent w th the appointment of a Captain, 
Lieuten* and Ensign in the three field officers' companies 
in each regim*, they must submit to that. But I much 
question whether the intent of the Assembly was not to 
have a Captain in those three companies, besides the field 
officers themselves, and shall try 'em upon it when I 
meet 'em. In the mean time I must recommend to you 
the adjusting all little differences that may arise among 
the officers upon these or other acc ts , and to prevent 'em 
indeed as much as is possible. A good harmony will be 
absolutely necessary for procuring success ag* the enemy. 

I have sent to the Committee for the particulars men- 
tioned in Captain Kingsleah's list, so far as it concerns 
them, and shall send you more shells and powder w th the 
forge and provisions. Inclos'd is the order for the match. 

Inclos'd are two commissions for one Cowley Knight, 
if he should appear among you, and blank commissions 
for two of M r Aldrich's two nephews and the late Colonel 
Cosby's son, to be fill'd up as you shall think proper and 
have an opportunity of doing it, and I must recommend 
those young gentlemen to your protection in case they 
should come to you from Annapolis. 

I look upon Serg* Shaw to be a dangerous fellow. If 
he is found among your soldiers, pray order him to be 
put on board of Rouse without fail, and take care of your 
three Frenchmen. 

The safe guarding of Canso will be of the utmost im- 
portance. Be pleas'd to take care y* sufficient workmen 
and two gunners w th one assistant of the train of artillery 
be left there, also stores, provisions, -etc., in proportion, 


and to direct a fascine & sod battery to be rais'd in the 
most advantageous manner as soon as may be, and forget 
pens, ink, and stationary ware for the commandant there. 

Having appointed a seventh regiment so lately, I have 
in my hurry omitted procuring colours to be made for it, 
but shall send 'em after you. Inclos'd is a letter of Gov r 
Wentworth's, whereby you will perceive he desires you 
would order a small vessell on head of you, just to look 
into Island Harbour or Country Harbour for the New 
Hampshire transports, least the wind should cut 'em off 
short before they reach'd White Head Harbour. Some 
broken thoughts of M r Bollan's also are inclosed for your 
perusal at leisure. 

I desire you would let M r Vaughan, who goes a volun- 
tier to Cape Breton in this expedition and has been very 
instrumental in promoting it, both within this and the 
neighbouring province, and has the success of it much at 
heart, assist in your Councils, and I do hereby appoint him 
to be one of it. Your countenance and protection of him 
also, as far as is proper, I shall esteem a favour 

There being according to the acc fc of the Committee, 
exclusive of the train of artillery, carpenters and officers, 
3177 men rais'd, in order to save the 177 men to the 
forces I was oblig'd to come to this agreem* w th 'em, viz*, 
y fc I would impress no more for the sea service and y t you 
should mann Rowse's ship out of the seamen to be found 
in the land forces, upon w ch occasion I expect y* every 
Captain should find one or two willing men in his com- 
pany w ch may be easily done with a few good words. 
You know Kingsleah's company may all stay on board if 
they are fit, and Prescott's would be glad of it. I hope 
this will lay you under no difficulty. I could not avoid 

I am pushing w th much fatigue and perplexity to get 
all the companies down to-day, either to sail w th you or 
follow you instantly, and must referr you to M r Waldo and 

1744-5.] LETTERS. 123 

Bradstreet for whatever I may have omitted here. And 
w th the most sincere and cordial wishes for your success 
and prosperity, am, Sir, 

Your most assured friend and faithfull servant. 

W. Shirley. 

Be pleased to keep a constant correspondence w th me, 
and particularly take exact muster rolls of all the com- 
panies as soon as possible. I suppose it may be done at 
Canso, and transmit 'em to me by the first opportunity. 
There are near 100 men rais'd w ch can't be provided for 
at present over & above the 3177. I will endeavour to 
save 'em and send 'em to you, but can't prevail for it 

Lieuten* General Pepperill. 


Sir, — I am sorry to find by yours of yesterday, w ch I 
have but this moment receiv'd, y* the transports loiter so. 
I sent strict orders by the Adjutant Gen 1 and four drums 
all yesterday and the day before y* all the Captains and 
companies sh d repair on board their respective transports 
forthwith and fall down to you as they would answer the 
contrary at their peril, and I am satisfy' d we have not 
above 150 men at most now on shoar, and M r Hutchinson 
is gone to see as many of them as can possibly go imbark 
immediately. I hope you will not lose one moment of 
this fair wind after this reaches you ; the other troops 
and officers will certainly reach you before you sail from 
Canso. Not a man of 'em shall stay on shoar after to- 
morrow. I will take care of the Frenchmen mention'd 
in yours. You will find I have given Col. Bradstreet 
Ephraim Baker's company. I sent the little book w ch 
Col. Bradstreet wanted yesterday by -the bearer. I hope 


Col. Waldo and he join'd you last night in good time. 
Once more, with the warmest wishes for your success and 
happiness, I bid you adieu, and am, Sir, 

Your most faithfull friend and servant. 

W. Shirley. 

Boston, March 24, 1744. 
Lieuten 1 Gen 1 Pepperill. 

g IR? — I have but a moment's time to desire y* as 
soon as Cap* Gorham can be spar'd you would send him 
to Annapolis Royal, under convoy of Sanders, or some 
other vessell of like force, w ch may bring from thence M r 
Cowley the ingineer, and whatever else can be spar'd 
from thence for your assistance. Once more wishing you 
all imaginable success, I am, w th very great esteem, 
Your faithfull friend and servant. 

W. Shirley. 

Boston, March 25, 1745. 
Lieuten 4 Gen 1 Pepperill. 


Canso, April 10, 1745. On board the Shirley Galley. 

To Jotin Osborne, Esq 1 *, Chairman of the Com tee of War of y e Mass a Bay, 
Aprill 10 th , 1745 p r Cap 1 Fletcher's prize. Copy by y e Brig 1 . 

S R , — After a rough and something tedious passage I 
arrived safe in this harbour on Thursday last, with about 
twenty sail under convoy ; found here several others that 
set sail with us, all the Piscataqua transports, and Cap* 

* There are two copies of this letter in the Fepperrell Papers, one in the handwriting of 
Rev. Dr. Belknap, who made copies of many of Pepperrell's letters, and the other in the 
handwriting of Benjamin Green, Secretary to the Expedition, contained in a thick folio 
book, marked on the fly-leaf. "This Book contains Copies of the Letters wrote on his 
Majesty's Service in the Expedition against Cape Breton, 1745." — Eds. 

1745.] LETTERS. 125 

Saunders with six that sail'd under his convoy, which all 
arrived the Tuesday before us. We have no reason to 
conclude the French are appriz'd of our design. The 
army in general are in good health and spirits, and we 
should so have proceeded from hence towards Louisbourg 
before this, had not the main part of our warlike stores,- 
&c, been yet behind (w ch we now hear arrived at Country 
Harbour, about fifteen leagues west of this) and they and 
we detained by contrary winds which may protract the 
time, (the east and northeast winds at this season of the 
year often holding here for a fortnight or three weeks 
together) so as to put us in greater danger of famine than 
sword. In which case, gen\ we must depend, under God, 
on your care, vigilance, & dispatch. Cap ts Tyng and 
Rouse declare to me that they cannot cruize above ten 
days for want of provisions without putting away for 
supply, and I don't think any can be spared from the 
army, but we are in danger of want, as we may have bad 
weather, and the transports also which you may send. 
However, we are not discouraged ; but as we venture our 
lives and all that 's dear to us in this world, you must 
allow us to press and expect your care for us. By com- 
putation we have not provisions for more than thirty days 
at most, and sh d our guard vessels and cruizers be obliged 
to put away, & we fail in our attempt, for want of the 
necessaries of life with which our country is so richly 
supplied, God knows who must bare the blame. I think 
in this case we ought to be provided for the utmost event ; 
better have some to spare than to want. If we are sup- 
plied we trust nothing will be wanting on our part, and 
that first or last, under God, we shall succeed, and return 
with an account to your satisfaction. 

Y rs , &c. W M Pepperrell. 

To the Hon ble Jn° Osborne, Esq r , Chairman of y e Com tee of War, &c. 



On Board the Massachusetts Frigate 
off Louisbourg II arbour. 

Sir, — We just now got off here as near as the ice 
wou'd let us. With the whole fleet we hoisted French 
colours, & fired a gun, which was return'd from the shore 
by showing their colours & firing a gun., The ship which 
we chaced we came up with very fast till within gunshot. 
Twice he struck his colours. Cap* Griffiths in the Caesar 
came across him, & they exchanged a broadside with 
each other. Then Cap* Smethurst came across him & 
did the same. Cap* Fletcher also ; & if Cap* Snelling 
had tack'd in time, as the chace was running down 
towards him we should have taken him. I believe the 
chace flung something overboard which gave him the 
start off us ag;ain. We were not much more than a j^un- 
shot from him till it was quite dark, & then had chaced 
him so far that was afraid of running ashore, & in tack- 
ing lost sight of him. For the rest refer your Honour to 
Cap* Kouse. I expected he wou'd kept in with the shore 
so that I kept in close by the ice the whole night. The 
Rhoad Island men behave extraordinary well, tho' their 
vessells sail very bad, they are quite out of wood & 
water, & we have spared them all we can ; don't doubt 
but your Honour will send us an immediate supply, 
otherwise we must be obliged to put in somewhere for it. 
We have not above a fortnight's provision on board. 
If you cou'd send me three or four hhds. rum & two bar- 
rels sugar, I will give my bills to pay for them on Boston 
at Boston price. I shall endeavour to keep myself & all 
the ships under my care till your arrival, & am, Sir, 
Y r EIon rs most hum. serv*. 

Edw d Tyng. 

Indorsed : " From Cap 1 Tyng ; reed 21 st Aprill." 

* Captain Edward Tyng acquired considerable reputation during the expedition against 
Louisbourg, his chief success being the capture of a French man-of-war, the " Vigilante," 
of G4 guns. He died in Boston, Sept, 8, 1775, at the age of seventy-two. — Eds. 

1745.] LETTERS. 127 


Boston, April 26, 1745. 

Sir, — The bearer John Stinson, master of the sloop 
Philadelphia, carries another load of provisions to the 
commandant at Canso for the use of the forces under 
your command, concerning w ch I have sent orders to the 
commandant at Canso y* he should forward it to you 
at Cape Breton by the first safe conveyance, unless he 
should have receiv'd other orders from you, in which 
case I have directed him to follow them. I hope you 
will take particular care to keep up a most frequent cor- 
respondence between yourself and Commodore Warren 
and me. Since my last I have appriz'd the Committee 
of War y* they must compute the number of men in the 
army and on board the fleet at 4400 at least ; and have 
obtain'd from the Assembly before their dissolution 
yesterday a vote impowering the Committee to purchase 
and send you provisions for one month more over and 
above the four months they were impowered to purchase 
provisions for before ; so y fc now you are secure of hav- 
ing five months provisions reckoning from the beginning 
of the expedition. This is the third sloop's load of 
provisions w ch will have been sent to Canso since the 
news of your arrival there. 

I have put 50 more barrells of powder for you on board 
Cap* Gayton who is equipp'd and full mann'd after infi- 
nite trouble in getting it done, & will, I hope, sail by 
Sunday morning at farthest. He brings you also 15 more 
of the large shells w ch is all I have left. I spoke of those 
shells to the Committee a month ago, w T ho twenty times 
assur'd me that Scott had near 100 more ready made ; 
but at last it turn'd out y fc he had receiv'd no orders 
concerning 'em. I spoke for more match likewise at the 
same time and had assurance y* some should be made here. 
But how that will turn out I know not. I believe some 


is made, and what is you shall have and every thing else 

necessary for your support in my power, who am with 

the most ardent wishes for your success and prosperity, 


Your faithfull friend and servant. 

W. Shirley. 

A fourth sloop is loading w th provisions, and I will call 
upon the Committee every day for an ace* of their 

Lieutenant General Pepperill. 


To the Hon'' 1 * William Pepperrdl, Esq., Lieu* General & Commander 
in Chieff of the forces ag l Louisbourg. 

Portsm , N. Hamp r , April 27 th , 1745. 

Worthy S r , — Permit me, S r , amongst the abundance 
of your voterys to pay my complyments. I don't ask 
this because tis the fashion, but for that we are friends. 
As for news I shan't attempt what would be only a repe- 
tition of that you'l have from many abler & more authen- 
tick hands. I have often wished myself in the expedition 
with you & tho I was denyd my inclination in that, yet 
I have ever since the comencement of affair with pleasure 
viewd the seeming smiles of Providence in a long succes- 
sion. The weather in the beinnino; so suitable for raise- 
ing the voluntiers, obtaining provisions, fixing vessells, 
contrary to what we might have expected at that season, 
was remarkable ; the chearfulness of the people to goe & 
to send them no less remarkable. The health of the army 
& navy in their voyage ; the unexpected & timely assis- 
tance of Comodore Warrin k his ships ; his timely orders 

* Theodore Atkinson was born at Newcastle, N. H.„ Dec. 20, 1607, graduated at Har- 
vard College in 1718, and died Sept. 22, 1779. At this time he was Secretary of New 
Hampshire. See Mass. Hist. Coll., vol. iv. pp. 49, 50 n. — Eds. 

1745.] LETTERS. 129 

to Cap* Durrell which were delivered him while under sail 
for Great Brittain, the ships under his convoy being all 
out of the harbour before the boat that carryd the ex- 
press got on board, that 5 minits delay would have put 
him out of oar reach. I hope these prospects continued, 
& that you are now in possession of Louisbourg, but if 
your first projection proved abortive & a surprize was 
impracticable, I hope you'l have force enough to reduce 
the town by a more hon ble tho perhaps a more ex- 
pencive way. 

That you may enjoy health, happyness & hon r there & 
a safe return to your friends here is the constant desire 
of, S r , 

Your most obleidged friend & very humble serv*. 

Theodore Atkinson. 


Hon ble Sir, — You obliged me very much by your 
favour of the 9 th curr* from Canso, and I return you ten 
thousand thanks for it. Cap fc Fletcher's prize, which brot 
it, arrived in our harbour on Saturday, the 20 th instant, 
and sail'd the next morn for Boston. I presume you'l 
have the Boston prints of the 22 d curr* before this reaches 
you, giving an account of six or seven large French men 
of war arrived at Martineco, with three thousand land 
forces in twenty-five transports. Some hardly believe the 
news; some think they are destined for the West Indies 
onely ; others fear they will visit Cape Breton and New 
England; and all are greatly amused with the story. 
Doubtless Comodore Warren has the most certain intelli- 
gence, and by that means you'l have it also. Some French 
Indians were hunting near Number Four* on Connecticut 
River about a fortnight agoe, and an Indian was seen at 
Pennycook last week. Our Assembly has not yet resolved 
whether they will support Fort Dummer or not, they 

* Now Charlestown, M. H. — Eds. 


being adjournal from the 11 th to the 30 th instant, just 
when they had got warm upon the affair. Massachusetts 
Assembly has voted a further support of it till June next. 
How wise soever the projectors of the expedition have 
ben, and how wisely soever they have laid the scheme 
it must be forever acknowledged that Providence has 
remarkably favoured us by the intervention of some extra- 
ordinary circumstances, without which we could not (in 
my opinion) rationally have hoped for success, especially 
the junction of five men of war to our forces, which tho 
expected (in part), the grounds of that expectation were 
false, and the orders to Commodore Warren to come this 
way were not sollicited for, nor so much as thought of by 
us. Permit me once more to recommend my son to your 
patronage, and you to the divine protection. I wish you 
health, prosperity, success and a triumphant return, and 
am, dear Sir, 

Your very much obliged and most obedient humble servant. 

Rich d Waldron. 

Portsm , April 27, 1745. 

Please to favour me w th another line or two when your 
liesure will allow it, because a letter from a General does 
me great honour. 


Superbe, 1 st of May, 1745. 

Sir, — Captain Flecher gives me an ace* that some of 
the troops landed yesterday, and of your intention to do 
so to-day. I heartily wish you success, and will use my 
utmost endeavours to intorcept the brig you mention ; 

* Captain, afterward Admiral, Peter Warren, was born in 1703, and died in Ireland July 
29, 1752. lie distinguished himself in the naval service, and was placed in command of 
the squadron sent from England to cooperate in the attack on Louisbourg. His successful 
efforts on that occasion were rewarded by his being knighted and raised to the rank of 
Admiral; and he was also made Governor of the place, an honor which Pepperrell and his 
friends thought should have been conferred on the commander of the land forces. — Eds. 

1745.] LETTERS. 131 

for if she shou'd escape us, it might be a great means to 
prevent any of the French ships bound hither from 
France falling into our hands. Yesterday morning our 
cruizers chas'd a French ship into a bay on the other 
side of the island. Snelling and two men of war went in 
after her, and I am persuaded they have either taken or 
destroy'd her, and hope as Cap* Snelling was close to her 
and engaged, that even the men had not time to get 
ashore. The moment any of those cruizers joyn me I 
will inform you of what intelligence I can procure. As 
your men are landed, three or four of the best sailing 
schooners to send on messages to you and to the squadron 
wou'd be of the greatest service, and if you can spare 
Bush's sloop I wou'd man her out of the ships, in order to 
keep her close in of nights with Lewisbourg harbour. I 
think the bay to the eastward of the island, where the 
ship went into yesterday, shou'd be guarded. You may 
be assured I will use my utmost endeavours to prevent 
any succors getting into Lewisbourg, and to be in every 
shape as serviceable to the present expedition as possible. 
If you have taken any prisoners of consequence, after 
you have got such intelligence as you want from them, 
1 believe it wou'd be best to send them on board of me, 
or some of the ships, for fear they shou'd make their 
escape from you ashore. I am, Sir, with great respect 
and esteam, 

Your most humble serv*. 

P. Warren. 


Sir, — I am extreamly pleasd with this fine bay, the 
schooners and small craft can lie so safe, that I wish you 
had sooner known the convenience of it, then I believe 
you wou'd have thought it preferable to Cancoa for a 
rendezvous. A battery on shore on the point that covers 
the vessells, with a ship or two to guard them, wou'd do 


it from a very considerable sea force, while you are master 
of the land, and there is fresh water enough to be got, & 
my French pylote tells me there is two hundred chord of 
wood ready cut in this bay for the King's use, I presume 
he means the garrison. I cant help wishing wee had all 
our force and stores here from Cancoa, and if you are of 
that opinion, it might soon be brought. Had wee once 
possession of the Grand Battery, to prevent the enemy's 
ships getting in, wee cou'd assist you greatly from our 
ships with men, and lie safe for the time of year in this 
bay. I hope you have men enough; if one hundred 
marines can be of service you shant want them, and as 
they have granadiers caps, they will look regular, and I 
dare say will behave well. I wish I cou'd have three good 
schooners to attend me as I propose to be as much as 
possible about this bay 'till I hear how you go on, and if 
you cou'd spare some to go a fishing for the troops, it 
wou'd be a great refreshment for them, for my greatest 
fear, both for you and the ships, is want of proper supplys 
of provisions tho I have sent timely for two months, wdiich 
I hope is by this time at Cancoa. I wish I cou'd send for 
it here, for I have borrow'd bread from Tyng to-day ; the 
letter I sent you this morning is for that purpose. By the 
number of ships in sight there is one more than the 
cruizers, which I hope is the French ship I mentioned 
this morning. If the weather permits you shall know 
to-morrow. Can't wee settle a communication bv boats 
nearer the town then this bay ? I wish you cou'd always 
send me one of your Aid de Camps, for in the hurry wee 
are sometimes put in, I cou'd tell him my mind. If you 
wou'd order a fire in the night where you or the troops 
are, or near them, if proper, it wou'd be a great guide to 
me to be near you in the morning. Upon hearing so 
manj' guns fired last night at the town, I stood close in 
with an intent to alarm the batterys, but as the fire ceas'd 
I was apprehensive it wou'd disturb you. Pray what was 

1745] LETTERS. 133 

the occasion of the great explosion of powder in the town 
to-day ? I hope 'tis all of our side. If you please to 
appoint me a good sailing schooner or vessell, I will dis- 
patch her immediately to Newfoundland for such of his 
Majesty's ships that may come there. I just finish'd the 
above when I had the favour of yours which I have not 
time to answer particularly, being oblig'd to stand off a 
little. I wish you all manner of success, to which I will 
with pleasure contribute every thing in my power. My 
regards to all friends about you, and believe me with great 
esteem, Sir, 

Y r most obedient hum 1 servant. 

P. Warren. 

Superbe, off Gabarous Bay, the 1 st May, 1745. 
Lieut. General Peperel. 

S R , — If you want any wine, or any other necessarys 
that I have, pray lett me know it. I see some of the 
cruizers that went after the French ship turning up to 
Lewisbourg, and I hope they have her with them.* 

Yours. P. W. 


To the Hon hle Lieut 1 Gen 1 Pepper ell, at Cape Breton, f fav r of Cap 1 
Grayton of Ms Majesties ship Bienaime. 

Boston, May 1 st , 1745. 

Hon ble Sir, — We have for some time past been in ex- 
pectation of y e advise of your arrival at Cape Breton, & 

* This short note is on a separate piece of paper, but is filed with the preceding letter, 
and is indorsed "May 1 st ." Nearly all of Warren's letters to Pepperrell are in the hand- 
writing of a clerk or secretary. — ■ Eds, 

t The firm of Colman & Sparhawk was composed of Benjamin Colman and Nathaniel 
Sparhawk, Pepperrell's son-in-law, merchants in Boston. Their business adventures were 
not prosperous, and Pepperrell lost heavily by them. By his will dated in Jan., 1759, he 
gave to his son-in-law only " all the debt he oweth me, that is the dividend which shall be 
allowed me for my demand on him & his late partner Benjamin Colman." After the death 
of his wife and daughter the bulk of his property was to go to his grandson William Pep- 
perrell Sparhawk, "provided & on condition that after he arrives to the age of twenty-one 
years he shall procure an Act of the Great & General Court of this Province of the Massa- 
chusetts Bay that his name shall from thence forward be call'd William Pepperrell and to 
leave the name of Sparhawk." Colman was born in Boston Oct. 28, 1710, graduated at 
Harvard College in 1727, and died in Boston April 20, 1765. See Sargent's Maine Wills, 
pp.815, 851. — Eds. 


are not a little chagrin'd at y e want of it. As the winds 
have for a week past bung northerly, we hope we shall 
soon be reliev'd by y e good news of your land g there safely 
& hav g made y e expected progress in reducing the city of 
Luisburgh. For your good success in this important affair 
you have our best wishes in particular. We hope y 8 let- 
ter will seasonably convey to you our sentiments on y e 
affair we discours'd before your departure ; we mean 
relat g to y e purchase of any prize goods y fc may be offer'd 
for sale at Luisburgh or Canso. What we would at pres- 
ent propose to take a concern in is in y e purchase of 
such goods as would turn to good acco t at Great Britain, 
provided they could be had at such prices as would leave 
some profit after pay g the extravagant prern of insurance, 
freight & other charges attend g y e sale of goods, now in 
y s case we would be glad to take a third in any purchase 
w th y Qn £. jjr ^Y a ] ( ] (|- whom we have wrote on y s head 
by y s opportunity) & would negotiate the affair between 
y s place & London, if you agree to it. Now y e great dif- 
ficulty y* immediately occurs to us is y* if any prizes are 
taken they cannot be dispos'd of w th you, as you have no 
person invested w th proper authority to condemn them & 
convey the property to the captors. The goods must 
therefore be sent here, when there will appear so many 
buyers y fc a purchase of any consequence can't be made 
to advantage. As to rum & moll 8 we don't incline at 
present to a concern in either of them, as there can be 
little got by it. We fear those goods will finally pay y e 
port duty; in such case nigh half y e value is lost to y e 
captors. Indigo, sugar, cochineal are commoditys y fc will 
answer well if good in quality & bo't cheap. We shall 
be better able to advise you in our next what you may 
venture to give (in case a purchase could be safely made 
before condemnation) for any of those commodities, for 
we have for near six months been without a prise curr* 
from London, which y e ships hourly expected from thence 

1745.] LETTERS. 135 

will bring us. Its thought our Judge of Admiralty will 
take bond for y e port dutys, as is done at New York & 
some other of y e plantations, but unless they are remitted 
finally by the Crown y e evil is only postponed for a 
while & must be submitted to at last. Indigo & cochi- 
neal pay no duty here or at home. Sugar pays 12/ st g 
duty at Great Britain, but as it draws back 8/.^ (p what 
foreign sugars are carried there are reentered for expor- 
tation. No contraband goods pay any duty here, as 
brandys, claret, or other wine, or goods of y e manufactury 
of France, Spain, &c a . Y e 2 d sort of French sugars sell 
best at home in proportion ; y e price they bore last fall 
was 26/ @ 28/ T (p at London. We are sorry for y e loss 
of your brig n Andrew & Elizabeth ; Cap* Cram has re- 
turn'd home, as you have been doubtless advis'd ere 
now. We heartily wish you health & success in y e great 
affair under your conduct, & are with great respect, 
Hon ble Sir, 

Yo r most obl d hum. serv ts . 

Gen 11 Pepperell. 


Cape Breton Island, May 1 st , 1745. 
S R , — I have just receiv'd yours of this morning's date ; 
observe with pleasure what you write of a French ship's 
being chas'd by some of your ships into one of the 
eastern harbours, and that you have so much reason 
to expect she has fallen into their hands. I find it very 
difficult landing here by reason of the great surf. Landed 
ab* 2000 men yesterday, hope to get on shore the re- 
mainder w th the stores and some of the artillery this day ; 
as soon as the vessells are unloaded I will take care to 
appoint some of the most suitable to cruize between you 
and the camp. Bosch has the heavy cannon on board, 
but shall endeavour that some vessell of force attend 


the small vessella that shall cruize near Louisbourg har- 
bour. Shall allso order a suitable detaclmi* to destroy 
the settleni t3 at the harbours to the eastward of Louis- 
bourg. The brig' \v ch has on board the cloath g for y r 
men have ord d to you immediately, w ch was vallued at 
Canso at £1910 0. T. If you incline to purchase one 
half or a third of her Brig a Waldo & myself will take 
the other part, to be employ'd as a cruizer if you can fitt 
her out & man her. She will need a cable, having slipt 
one at Canso. As to a battery at Chappeau Rouge Bay, 
I think we cannot spare cannon nor men for that purpose 
at present, but shall order a sloop of force to protect the 
transports that may lay there. I design in a few days 
to dispatch a vessell to Boston to inform his Excellency 
of our situation and to urge a speedy supply of provisions, 
of whose sailing you shall have timely notice. Shall 
take care to give you information when we design any 
attack, that you may favour the same. Yesterday a 
party of ab fc 150 of the enemy made a salley from the 
garrison to annoy our landing who were well receiv'd by 
those of our party who first landed. Of the enemy seven 
or eight were killed, and as many taken prisoners, with- 
out loss of any of our men, only one or two slightly 
wounded. Yesterday & last night the enemy burnt their 
houses between the city and Roy all Battery, which I 
wish they had omitted. Our people are all in spirits & 
hope shall soon assign them a time for a general push. 
I esteem myself much obliged for youv offer of wine ; for 
the present we are tolerably well stockt. I wish you & 
your squadron all possible success. Brig a Waldo sends 
his hearty service to you, allso the other gentlemen. We 
are now marching thro' the woods in order to encamp, 
where I received and answer yours; must therefore beg 
excuse and refer being more particular till another 

Y rs , &c. W. P. 

1745.] LETTERS. 137 

P. S. Shall forward your inclos'd to Canso, and give 
the needfull directions as to the signals. I have given 
orders that the prisoners taken be sent out to you ; viz*, 3 
by the Conn* guard sloop, one by the brig* w ch has the 
cloathing, & one by M r Dodd. 

W. P. 


Cape Breton Isl d , May 2 d , 1745. 

S K , — I have just rec d yours of yesterday's date. The 
bearer Cap* Prentice in the Connecticut guard sloop waits 
on you for your orders, and shall with all possible dispatch 
send you some schooners for the purposes you mention. 
They are this day landing the stores, the weather not per- 
mitting before. Am now to give you the agreeable news 
that we have this morning taken possession of the Royall 
Battery, w ch the enemy had deserted. As soon as I am 
settled in my camp, shall give you my thoughts upon 
what you mention'd relating to Chappeau Rouge Bay & 
Canso. Allso of settling a communication the nearest 
w T ay, and giving you a signal in the night; shall allso 
observe your request of sending an aide de camp w th my 
letters. I hope the agreeable prospect you have of your 
ships' having taken the French ship you mention will 
soon be confirrn'd. Am much oblig'd to you for the offer 
of some marines, shall soon be able to answer you on that 
head, &c. Cannot learn what the explosion of powder 
yesterday was. A woman taken from the Grand Battery 
says it was a number of swivel guns fired into the air 
from thence. Pray excuse my not being more perticular, 
being in the open air, destitute of all conveniencys. You 
shall soon hear from me again. In the mean time, I am 

Y rs 5 &c. W. P. 



To yf IIon ,,le W. Pepperrell, Esq?, Generally &c. 

Hoyall Battery at Lewisbourg, May 2 d , 1745. 

May it please your Honour, to be informed y t with y e 
grace of God and y e courage of about thirteen men I 
entred this place about nine a clock and am waiting here 
for a reinforcem* and flag. Be pleased further to be in- 
formed y fc there are about 100 men now landed on y e 
light house side, proceeding up y e northeast part of y e 
harbour, as 1 supose to destroy about 50 sail of vessells, 
&c. If y r Honour think it proper to send y e whale 
boatts imediately round two miles without y e Island 
Battery to land & cut them off, I beleive it will be of 
service. Y r 

W. Vaugitan. 

To the Hon 1 Lieu' General Pepperall, Esq r . 
Sir, — I find the Grand Baterey in but a bad condition, 
but notwithstanding we can soon repair it as well as ever. 
I beg you'l send the smiths & armerores as soon as possi- 
ble to drill open the vents of the cannon. We shall 
w T ant hanspicks, ramers & spunges & a quantity of 
powder ; ball we have a great quantity, & shells of all 
sorts. The mortours are carred off. We may have four 
42 pounder ready to play on the town by to-morrow T by 
12 o'clock, if the above things are sent express hast. 
D r Sir, I remain 

Your most obed fc hum. serv*. 

2 May, 1745. Jn ° BrADSTREET. 

* It was Yaughan who first suggested to Gov. Shirley the expedition against Louisbourg. 
The battery taken by him was sometimes called the Royal Battery and sometimes the 
Grand Battery. The interesting despatch here printed is on a scrap of soiled paper about 
three inches wide and seven and a half inches long, and the handwriting shows the disad- 
vantages under which it must have been written. — Ens. 

t John Bradstreet had a varied and distinguished military experience. He was born in 
England in 1711, and died in New York Sept. 25, 1774. He was at this time Lieutenant 
Colonel of Pepperrell's own regiment. See Appleton's Cyclopa-dia of Amer. Biog., vol. i. 
p. 353. — Eds. 

1745.] LETTERS. 139 


Cape Baronce Bay, on bo d the Mas- 
sachusetts Frigate, 3 d May, 1745. 

Sir, — I was on board Commodore Warren at a Coun- 
cill of War, when he wrote you to know your opinion on 
the ships' boats & whale boats making an attack upon the 
Island Battery. We are not well acquainted with the 
scituation of it, as you must be, but we are full in opinion 
that we might succed. I put in here for wood, water, 
rum, & provisions to get out of the brig* you sent me, 
because I cou'd not get him to bring it out to us. M r 
Warren wou'd be glad of a quarter of beef ; for my part 
I have no fresh provisions on board. I heartily con- 
gratulate you on the great success you have allready met 
with. Yesterday I sent Fletcher after a sloop and scooner 
that was to the eastward of the harbour, but they ran 
into some of them bays, & got clear of him for the want 
of the scooners M r Warren wrote you about. I am glad 
to hear your people are in such high spirits & long to see 
you in Louisbourg harbour, & am, Sir, 

Y r Hon r ' s most hum le seiV. 

Edw d Tyng. 

P. S., Sir, you'd do me a great deal of pleasure if you'd 
let Cap* Bennet be the first packet, as he quited his vessell 
for the service. 


Royall Battery, 3 d May, 1745. 
Fryday noon, 12 Cl°, 15 m. 

Sir, — We are without return fr° the town for the last 
three guns within 20 minutes fired into the citydell. We 

* Samuel Waldo was the second in command under Pepperrell at the siege of Louisbourg. 
He was born in Boston in 1696, and became a wealthy merchant and a large land-owner. 
He died suddenly on his own land in Maine, May 23, 1759. See Drake's Diet, of Amer. 
Biog., p. 947; N. E. Hist, and Gen. Reg., vol. xviii. p. 177> —Eds. 


are in y e most extrem want of liquor ; all the brandy & 
wifie gone, even to a drop ; begg you'll send the quantity 
of a hogshead in keggs for this purpose, some of w ch , some 
I send for this purpose. Pray favour us with one of the 
union flaggs ; we make a mean appearance under two 
fishermen's old ensigns. Yo r Honour mistook Col Broad- 
street, he says, on this head. Our people are most of them 
in good spirrets ; a supply of y e two articles above will 
animate them yet further & are absolutely necessary, as 
the bread they want to eat. What was sent last night 
extended no further than half a biskett cake a man. I 
send two baggs to help bring the keggs in. I am, Hon 1 * 5 

Yo r obed fc & obliged humb. serv fc 

S. Waldo. 

To the IIou ble Generall Pepperrell, att the camp, Louisbourg. 

To the Hon hle Generall Pepperrell att the camp before Louisburg. 

P. S. to 3 d May, 1745, 15 ffi. after 12. 

Hon ele Sir, — Since the foregoing I find the Captain 
of Comodore Warren's marines, who is experienced in 
action & has doubtless a proper comand over his men, is 
willing to be on this post; he says 150 or 200 may be 
spared. Your good offices, hope will be effectual for this 
good purpose without giveing men in exchange. The 
reason I took the liberty by Col Broadstreet's advice as 
well as my motion to propose to your Honour my regi- 
ment being sent hither was owing to my having three 
companys of mine here. As the first part sent here is a 
tour of honour, I begg pardon for proposing men when 
it was undoubtedly out of order. I am, with much 
respect & esteem, Hon ble Sir, 

Yo r most duty full serv*. 

S. Waldo. 

1745.] LETTERS. 141 

You'll please to send if you think proper, either your 
own or y e Major Gen irs , & if you have any comands for 
me at the camp. I will attend you this evening. 

Y rs S.W. 

To tho Hon ble Gen 1 Pepperrell. 


To the Hon hU General! Pepperrell, att the camp before Louisburg, 

Royall Battery, 3 d Ma5 T , 1745, 
half after 7 o'clock in y e evens. 

Hon ble Sir, — I have received by two men a bagg of 
bread & another of pork ; by M r Greenleaf I have your 
Excell y ' s fav r . I hope the rest of y e provisions, rum, &c% 
for the forces, also the gunpowder, have not by ignorance 
of the party fallen into the town. About half an hour 
ago we opend another of the cannon & gave the town a 
salvo of both near together. They have not tho't proper 
as yet to take notice of it, but as the proper season is 
now approaching for night work it's more than probable 
we shall hear from them soon, but by their late per- 
formances they have either gott upon a vein of Parson 
Pain's hollow ware or their powder is badd, many of their 
bombs not having splitt, one of which is taken up by a 
soldier & contains very badd powder, two oth™ y t were 
taken up are filld with sand & dirt, that I hope tho they 
have been very lavish of the powder, &c a , all this day, 
they haveing by the most mean computation burnt above 
thirty barrells of powder; ours is all expended save one 
round for the two cannon, & I am sure it would have 
been a great pleasure to y r Honour to have seen y e appli- 
cation yourself. 

Col Broadstreet & myself are firmly of opinion that 
the Gov r of Louisburg would give a very ready answer to 
a sumons for surrender by hanging up the messenger 
thereof, unless we had made a more formidable gen 1 


appearance than we have been yet able to make. My 
absence from hence can be much better dispensed with 
than Col Broadstreet's. We appreh d we can either of 
ns do most service here. You'll therefore, Sir, as you 
finally have left y e affair to us wheth r to attend the 
Council or not, excuse us. 

The Island Battery has been not a little troublesome to 
us by the fire from their cannon & mortars ; we propose 
not to molest them, but bend what little force we can 
make against the town, which may probably favour your 
design against that fortress. 

Your Hon r will, Col Broadstreet & myself trust, 
excuse our forwardness in giveing sentiment about the 
operations of the grand camp. Your mortars, we are 
informed, will be ready to play to-morrow, but unless you 
have your battering pieces all of them ready before any 
attack is comenced you'll in all likelyhood, in case the 
enemy's ammunition holds out, be so annoyed that you'll 
be unable to effect your works. On hearing your motion 
we were, to divert a discovery, the more intent in our 
attack, & in case we have a supply of powder the busi- 
ness of to-morrow from this quarter will intirely take up 
their attention. I take the liberty to refer y r Hon r to 
the bearer for an account of the shatterd condition of 
the buildings of this fortress owing to this day's work, 
but were they worse the hold is well worth keeping, this 
part of the island being capable of good improvement. 

I was for want of paper under necessity of making use 
of very unfitt paper, & that in scanty portions, that if y r 
Hon* is pleased to continue me here from an apprehen- 
tion that I can be serviceable, I begg y r Secr y may be 
directed to send me some, also wafers or wax. 

The flagg I wrote y r Hon r for be pleased to send & I 
will be answerable for it, if the enemy takes it after it 
reaches my hands, provided the proper supply of men 
under irood officers can be afforded. Three fourths of 

1745.] LETTERS. 143 

the forces which you apprehend (by some intelligence I 
have received) are here are partly employed in specula- 
tion on the neighbouring hills & partly in ravageing 
the country. Severall good houses were burnt by them 
the last night, & a considerable loss will be the conse- 
quence, as well as disgrace ; one store w T ith a large quan- 
tity of fish & salt in it, another of sea coal, in which after 
the fire was out, a scout I sent brought me account he 
saw remains of cordage & sails, 36 barrs Spanish iron, 
25 anchors, & a large number of grapnolds. What the 
morrod rs , who are unknow 7 n to us, carryed of is uncertain ; 
but doubtless they obtaind some booty. I fear y r Hon r 
will be under necessity of appointing a morroding officer 
with y e proper pow T ers, & without it, should an obstinate 
siege be our portion, a train of ill consequences must 
ensue which I doubt not you'll be pleased to consider of. 
I have not had two hundred men in service in any part 
of this day, & as the w 7 orks are here open, & the soldiery 
of the enemy numerous, I can't think w 7 e are safe here 
with less than 500 men. I submit to y r pleasure, & am 
with respect, Sir, 

Y r Hon rs most obed fc s 4 . 

S. Waldo. 

Gen 1 Pepperrell. 


P. S. to 3 d May, 1745, 
45 m. after 9 in y e even g . 

Hon ble Sir, — Since y e inclosed w T e have had no fire 
from the enemy, who I hope are as well tired with the 
fatigue of the day as our garrison is. I omitted to in- 
form y r Honour in the morning of my sending by Col 
Chandler five prisoners taken by a scout I sent from 

* This letter and the one immediately following are written v on the two sides of a half- 
sheet of paper. — Eds. 


By Cap* Pearson I have two barr lB of gunpowder. I 
can assure y r Hon* that our two cannon that are fitt for 
service will expend it in less than an hour. The blank 
indent for rum given him extends no further than fifteen 
gallons. Give me leave to inform you as to the former 
that the weight of our ordnance requires 16 1 for each 
charge, & the latter at the Province allowance w T ill not 
serve 300 men one day, but in time of action & from 
frequent fly g partys from yo r camp to this garrison more 
must be expended. A commissary will be necessary here 
on many acco ts , but notwithstanding such an officer being 
here, y r orders for necessary & prudentiall distribution 
beyond the establishment on einergencys will be neces- 

You [will] please to order one of them accordingly. I 
am, Hon ble S r , 

Y r most obed fc serv fc . 

S. Waldo. 

Gen 1 Pepperrell. 

Col Broadstreet desires me to tell y r Hon r that it will 
be of the utmost ill consequence to y e expedition to take 
the least step towards a parly with the enemy untill we 
have gott our whole artillery in the best order to play on 
them, and as near as possible to their stronghold, and not 
to fire a bomb or lett the enemy know the places we 
intend for our severall batterys, but make our approaches 
by night & as silent as possible. Otherwise it may appear 
to the enemy we are doubtfull of our strength to effect 
our design, & will encourage them to hold out the longer. 
This is also my humble opinion, and we also joyn in sent- 
iments that an attack against the Island Battery w ch we 
see daily reinforced, on account, it's probable, of Commo- 
dore Warren's frequent appearance near the same, had 
best to deferrd, by which the enemy will be free from 
jealousy of any design against that battery, & the acquisi- 

1745.] LETTERS. 145 

tion of it rendred hereby easy, if you still think of a 
surprize. I am, S r , 

Y r s vt . 

S. Waldo. 

Pray let M r Green order French rum instead of N. 

Gen 1 Pepperrell. 


Superbe, off Lewisbourg, the 4 th May, 1745. 

Sir, — Tis reasonable to believe the enemy have sent 
out some vessells to meet their fleet and tell them their 
situation ; if they find them, & that they are not superior 
to us, they will go into some other port to the northward, 
from whence they may supply Lewisbourg both with men 
and provisions in shallops, and as wee meet no ships, I am 
the more apprehensive this may be the case. I wou'd 
have sent one or two of the small country cruizers to look 
out to the northward, and to have destroy' d all the fishing 
houses, and bring as many shallops as they cou'd get, 
which wou'd likely be of great use to us. This may not 
be too late ; if it meets your approbation please to let me 
know, for I imagined from receiving no answer from you 
on that head you might intend to save the houses for our 
own subjects. I think it wont be amiss to give the officer 
that commands at the Grand Battery orders to show 
English colours, and fire at a good distance at any French 
ships going in that may escape us, and at the same time 
if wee are near wee will hoist French coulers, w T hich may 
prove a good deceit. I have not one schooner to tend on 
me, and none but your Collony cruizers and Captain 
Thompson trouble their heads about me. Pray, Sir, is 
my letter gone to Cancoa, and when do you send to Boston ? 
Several of the sloops and schooners hoist flags at their 
mastheads, which often puzles me, as it is the signal setled 



between you & me. Please to direct none to hoist it but 
such as you send and want to speak with me. I have 
since writing the above receiv'd intelligence that two 
ships are now lying in a port fourteen leagues to the east- 
ward, and am going to send the Eltham, Captain Tyng, 
the Road Island ship, who draws but little water, and the 
Connecticut sloop in quest of them or any others they 
may meet with in their way. I shou'd be glad to have a 
more frequent intercourse with you, and as I know you 
have little time to spare, one of your aid de camps, or any 
other officer, cou'd write me all the news ashore, and if 
you have a blew flagg or ensign, I beg upon my appear- 
ance, or any of the square! ron, you will hoist it on a pole 
near your tent as a signal when all is well, and will answer 
it by a Dutch flagg at my main topgallant masthead. 
This will be deliver'd to you by M r Agnue, who will ex- 
plain my intention to you, which I beg leave to assure 
you is with all the vigour in my power to contribute to 
your success. You'l please to communicate anything to 
him verbally that you have not time to write. After I 
had finish'd my letters I had the favour of yours of this 
date by M r Agnue, w T hich I am glad to find is in a great 
measure answer'd by this before I receiv'd it. It gives 
me satisfaction to find wee agree in opinion. I think with 
you, when the attack is made on the Island Battery one 
ship off the harbour will be enough. The sooner the 
schooner goes to Newfoundland the better. I shall be 
ready whenever you please to send her. I send you two 
dozen of lemons & a carboy of clarett. If you want wine 
or any West India rum for your own or my friends' use, 
pray let me know. The French prisoners are very trou- 
blesome, both to us and the Collony cruizers. Shou'd be 
glad to know what 3^011 intend to do with them. I am, 
with the greatest respect & esteem, S r , 

Y r most obed fc humb. serv\ 

P. Warren. 

1745.] LETTERS. 147 

P. S. If you cou'd send two or three good sailing 
schooners to fish upon the banks of Quero, they will both 
resush your troops & bring us intelligence of any French 
ships upon the banks. Four schooners are come to attend 
me, one of which I send with the Eltham, &c. 

L* General Peperel. 


Camp near Louisbourg, May 4 th , 1745. 

Sir, — Yours of this date have just receiv'd by M r 
Agnue; am entirely of opinion that it will be very con- 
venient and necessary to send some vessells to visit the 
northern harbours, and am much pleas'd with your deter- 
mination of sending the Eltham, &c, that way. One of 
the largest union flags we have is hoisted at the Grand 
Battery, & shall take care to give orders to the command- 
ing officer there to fire upon any French ships that may 
escape you. I have not a blue flag to improve as a sig- 
nal to you of all being well, but shall upon that occasion 
hoist a union flag, w ch you will be pleas'd to answer with 
a Dutch flag at y r main top galP masthead. I have given 
express orders to the masters of the transports, except 
them sent to you, not to hoist any flags. The unaccount- 
able irregular behaviour of these fellow T s & of some 
maroders is the greatest fatigue I meet with ; hope to 
reduce them to a better discipline soon. I now send you 
out a fifth schooner to attend you, the master of which, 
Newmarch, is acquainted w th the harbours round the 
island ; have allso ordered out three schooners to fish. 
I propose in a day or two to dispatch a vessell to Canso 
and Boston, of w ch you shall have notice, by which shall 
forward the letter, & shall take that opportunity to send 
up the prisoners. Am vastly obliged to you for your 
favour of the claret & lemons and repeated kind offers. 
You shall hear from me as often as possible. We have 


had considerable success hitherto, having clear d three of 
the 42 pounders at the Grand Battery w ch play smartly 
on the town, and have done considerable execution, the 
3 d , 4 th & 5 th shott fell into the roof of the citidall, & the 
most into the town. We have begun to play the mortars 
& some cohorns on the town ; the first bomb & most since 
have fell into the town ; hope very soon to be able to 
inform you of our having a good battery of heavy cannon 
compleated for use. We have not yet had one man 
wounded by all the bombs & shott that the enemy 
have thrown, very few of them have fell within the 
Grand Battery. I propose to lay your plan of operation 
before my Council of War to-morrow morning, am per- 
swaded it will meet with universal approbation. We 
have had no deserters from the enemy, unless some of the 
prisoners may be esteem'd such that came out in the first 
sally, who appear'd to be as well pleas'd w th being taken, 
as they would have been to have returned. Some of the 
French prisoners say the Swiss soldiers are in irons for 
fear of their deserting. They have no deserters from us, 
and believe there is little danger on that head. The 
other particulars you desired to be inform'd of, shall let 
you know to-morrow as near as am able. 

Y rs &c. 

W. P. 

To the Hon bl ° Peter Warren, Esq r , &c, &c, &c. 


Camt near Louisbourg, May 4 th , 1745. 

S R , — Your favour by M r Agnue I rec d . Am entirely 
of opinion with you that it will be of the utmost conse- 
quence to get possession of the Island Battery, which I 
propose to attempt the first favourable opportunity after 
the battering cannon and mortars are ready to play on the 
town ; shall be glad of the assistance of w* boats w th men 

1745.] LETTERS. 149 

you can spare, and think it will be best for your ships to 
draw off from the mouth of the harbour, leaving the 
boats & men to join ours. I immagine they will be under 
no apprehensions of being attacked by boats, and will 
draw their force chiefly into the town to repulse the at- 
tack on the back of it, w ch we at the same time shall 
make a feint of, as they can soon reinforce the Island 
Battery from the town w n they perceive the approach of 
the ships. I congratulate you on your capture of a ship, 
the want of which must be very disadvantageous to the 
enemy. I think it may be o'f service to order some of 
the guns from her into the schooners employ'd by you. 
Am much oblig'd for your kind offer of stores on board. 
I observe the news by your French prize ; hope we shall 
be able to give their men o' war a welcome if they come 
this way. I now send you out one schooner, and shall 
send you two others as soon as they are unladen ; shall 
also dispatch one to Newfoundland, who shall call on you 
for your orders. It is agreeable to my instructions from 
his Excellency, the Cap fc General, to destroy the houses, 
&c, w ch cannot be of service to us, w ch , I think, none can 
be at more than two leagues from Louisbourg. In 
further particulars must refer to M r Agnue whom I ob- 
serve you have appointed your aide de camp. I am 
much pleased with the gentleman, and shall improve him 
one of my aide de camps likewise. My best wishes of 
health and prosperity attend you, and am 

Y rs , &c. 

W. R 

To the Hon ble Peter Warren, Esq 1 ", &c. 



To the Ilon hle Lieu 1 Genemll Peppevrell, Com dr in Chief of the 
Forces, &c, att the camp before Louisburg. 

Hon ble Sir, — My last was by Cap* Pearson, who went 
from hence for the camp late last night. The enemy 
afforded us last night only three bombs ; this day we have 
received from them eleven shells & two shott, none of 
which have done us any damage. We have returnd them 
eight shott only, owing to a defect in our platform, which 
will soon be repaird. We have not yet any addition to 
the serviceable cannon. The armourers make very tedious 
work att their drills. I question whether shall be able to 
play any further number until! tomorrow. You'll per- 
ceive, Sir, the enemy are pritty cool ; what they are 
projecting we know not, but its most certain had they 
in either of the two nights past attack' t us, even with a 
party of 200 men, we should have sufferd greatly, but 
when my regiment, or any other to be posted here by y r 
orders, is with their officers compleat, duty will be much 
better done, & with the least prudence there will be no 
hazard of a sally from the town to our prejudice- It is 
necessary for this garrison to be furnished with a doctor, 
& as D r Cast is here & very active, if y T Hon r is pleased 
to continue him, be pleased to allow a guard to his chest 
which he has sent for. You must be sensible, Sir, that 
the four barrells of powder sent us yesterday & the last 
night will make out but 24 charges, that unless a further 
supply, it will be to little purpose for us to show the 
proposed forwardness.. The rum sent is all expended 
without any waiste, I think, & the other provisions will 
soon be gone, and as I doubt not you will at all hazards 
support this post, will it not be best to give a more liberall 
supply, that you may not so often be troubled with appli- 
cations that interfere with more weighty affairs, as well 
as your repose. I pray you'll be referrd to my former 

1745.] LETTEKS. 151 

letters w ch are unanswerd, & as soon as Col Moulton & 
Cap* Donnahew arrives, favour me with your orders to the 
two companys belonging to my regiment y* is with them. 
Lieu* Allen with part of Jaques's company is at the camp; 
unless you think he is more needed there than here, be 
pleased accordingly to give your orders. I am with due 
respect, y r Hon r ' s 

Most obed* & obliged serv*. 

S. Waldo. 

Royall Battery, 4 th May, 1745, 11 o'clock, a. m. 

P. S. This moment we have received from the enemy 
a shell & a shott & made them a return of two shott, one 
of which went into the town, the other into the ships & 
against the walL 


Hon ble Sir, — I have your favour of y 8 date ; my regi- 
ment are some of them I fear too disorderly. Every 
company are now here, & I will exert myself to have them 
in good order ; (the two with Col Moulton & Cap* Don- 
nahew I hope soon to see, after they have given you a 
satisfactory account of their success) ; any delinquency 
in them I shall duly notice y r Hon r of. I miss M r Allen, 
Cap* Jaques's Lieu*. Whether the small part of the 
company y* were left with him are come over this 
day or not, I am not certain of, but I think they are 
not. I have rec d the powder sent this day, viz*, ten 
barrells, & have burnt the whole of it, & of what came 
last night, except two barrells, & I think we were very 
lucky in our shotts. A recruit is therefore necessary. 
I have had the mortification this afternoon to observe 
the baddness of your bombs. You may be accomo- 
dated with a good number of shells that will suit the 
mortars from this fortress, which the enemy in their 
abandoning; it left behind them & executed some meaner 


scheems instead hereof, too tedious & triffling to entertain 
y r Jlon 1 * with. I can't think it possible by the force of this 
battery, tho as loyall as ever it was royall, to answ T er your 
full expectations as to y e reduction of our powerfull neigh- 
bour, tho by many intelligences, as well as the actions of 
the day, they must be in great pannics. The Blessed 
Virgin has never been worshiped so much in the city of 
Louisbourg in any one week since its foundation as this 
afternoon ; the bells having been ringing almost y e whole 
time, save small respitts for prayers, w ch their Idoll will 
not hear. As much depends on the drilling the pluggs 
out of y e cannon, I have applyed myself to encourage the 
artificers to effect y* work. We have by help of an honest 
Conecticutt man gott three at last to play on the enemy, 
& I hope a fourth wall be ready to-morrow morning, and 
the whole train I will leave no stone unturnd to have in 
readyness to form another camp within half or three 
quart™ of a mile of the West Gate, w ch I have had at heart 
ever since I had y e honour of entring this fortress, w cb by 
y r Hon r8 favour & the blessing of Heaven I doubt not 
to sustain. I shall with Col Broadstreet soon reconoitre 
the ground for a proper battery, & -employ all the force I 
have & can spare to erect a sodd battery for cover to them, 
but for this purpose many implements w ch y r Hon r is best 
judge of will be necessary, & I doubt not will timely fur- 
nish. I am informed there is one Pratt, a steward in Cap fc 
Stephen Lee's company who is a good operator in y° 
armoury way, & is minded to come hither. As we cant 
have too many of these usefull men, begg he may be sent, 
and more provisions of all species ; what received this day 
is not a full 24 hours' allowance. 

The number of cannon left here is thirty, of which 
twenty-eight are about 42 pounders, and the others about 
18 pounders. The weight for want of steelyards or scales, 
can't be certain of, but they are as good pieces as we 
could desire. I fear the only bacld quallity in them will 

1745.] LETTERS. 153 

be, in opinion of our principalis, that they devour too 
much powder. 

As it is very uncertain when the pluggs of the cannon 
will be bored out, & some of them whether ever, I doubt 
not y r Hon r will insist on the New Eng d & New York 
trains being transported to some proper situation for the 
service they were originally destined. As to the difficulty 
of their transportation, with good resolution in the gentle 11 
who ought to negotiate that part I hope it may be easily 

I am very sorry to hear both y r Hon r & Brigg r D wight 
have been indisposed, but greatly rejoyce to hear you are 
both better. I pray God to preserve both y r healths & 
lengthen such usefull lives. 

I send by the bearer five Frenchmen & one negro, 
prisoners, & if I could spare more of my men, if a further 
number would be agreeable, you might have a good supply 
of these gentry. 

I hear y r Hon r has taken an effectuall method to pre- 
vent morroding. I shall in case I can't take any 
Frenchmen endeavour to find straglers belonging to y e 
camp, & shall use them in a proper manner untill you 
send for them. 

Three shells from the bomb battery dropt into such a 
part of the city as must chagrine the inhabitants, who 
between two fires must be greatly harrassed. 

I begg pardon for the detention given the bearer hereof, 
Cap fc John Warner. I could not in the time of action by 
any means compose myself to address you in my proper 
manner. I wish you success in the generall undertaking, 
to which if I can be any way instrumentall I shall heartily 
rejoyce. I wish the capacity & experience were equall to 
the zeal of, Hon ble Sir, 

Your most obedient & obl d hum. seiV. 

S. Waldo. 

Royall Battery, 4 th May, 1745, 8 o'clock in \he evening. 


The enemy have been very sparing of their powder, 
&c a , all the day ; by the muster they now make they 
would willingly make us believe they will not sleep all 
the night, but they may as well do it, as effect no more 
than that of the night past w ch afforded us only three 
shells. We begin now to be bomb proof, & the more they 
give, the greater the obligation. The operation of y e day 
is as follows. 

91 cannon from the Royall Battery to y e enemy. 

24 bombs \ from the enem ^ a S 8t r Battery ' S - W * 

The Hon ble Lieu 1 Gen 1 Pepperrell. 



To the Honnarable Samuel Waldo, Esq r , in the Grand Baterry, in 

Lewis Burgh. Cap* Shaw. 

May y e 7 th , 1745. 

Honer d Sir, — We have took the next town to the 
North East Harbour, in which was considerable of plondor, 
and twenty prisnors, by whome we ware informed that 
there was an hundred men besides families in a town to 
which place we marched this day, and see a sholop loaden 
with men a going of to an island where they all keep. 
They deprived the harbour of all vessels, for which we 
were forced to return. We think it expedient, if that 
your Honnour pleases to send forty or fifty more men to 
compleat a sufficient number to take the people and 
plunder, which is verry valuable. We are verry much 
fateaged by marching or we would have sent the prisnors 
this night, but intend to send them the morrow\ We are 

* By the roster of Waldo's regiment it appears that James Noble was commissioned 
Captain of the 7th company Feb. 8, 1744-5; Charles Procter, Lieutenant of the 1st com- 
pany Feb. 9; and .lames Noble, Lieutenant of the 2d company Feb. 8. Presumably there 
were two officers <>f the name of dames Noble in the regiment. The letter and postscript 
here printed are written on the same half-sheet of foolscap paper; and if our inference is 
correct, the letter was probably signed by the Lieutenant and the. postscript by the Cap- 
tain, though there is considerable resemblance between the signatures. — Eds. 

1745.] LETTERS. 155 

all in good health, and hope your Honnour will be expe- 
ditious in this affair. In so doing you will oblige your- 
self and humble servants. 

Charles Procter. 

James Noble. 

Honerable Bregeder Waldo, S% — I sent y r Honer 
a presnur. Y r men have taken 20 presnors, which I will 
take all care to deliver y r Honer, 4 of which is hansom 
ladeys. Y e island, I think, is not expediant to atact till 
furder orders & asistance. Will make all posible speed 
to send the obteand plunder to y r Honer. I shall gladly 
goe to y e island; hope y r Honer will send 50 men, I hope, 
by which asistance with God's asistance subdue the same 
and gett grate plunder. May, Wenedowy, 7 th , eight a 
clock. I delivrd y rs to Shaw. 

Y r Honer's dutifull ser*. 

J s Noble. 


To the H ble W m Pepperell, Esq r . These 

Grand Batery, May the 7 th , 1745. 

H BLE Sir, — I had the misfortune yesterday to be dan- 
gerously wounded (at a time that I thought I was of ser- 
vice to the present expedition) by the carelessness of one 
of my assistants who took upon him in my absence to 
load a gun when I was doing my duty at another bastion, 
who through ignorance gave that gun a double charge. 
I hope y r Hon r will not impute the above to my fault, 
for I can assure your Honour that it was through the 
imprudency of those persons that were appointed to 
assist me. Your Honour will not take it strange that I 
write you these epistle, but as I have the misfortune to 

* Samuel Rhodes was commissioned as Captain of the 8th company in Col. Moulton's 
regiment Jan. 29, 1745. and as aide-de-camp May 1. — Eds. 


have a great many enemies, and those persons should 
be glad to take hold of an opportunity of hurting me, I 
therefore humbly prays your Honour to be assured that 
the above is nothing but the real fact. I have the 
honour to subscribe myself with the highest respect, 
Hon ble Sir, 

Your Honour's most humble & most obedient serv*. 

Sam l Rhodes. 

P. S. While I loaded the guns myself there was no 
accid ts happened, but as soon as I was obliged to attend 
two bastion this unlucky aff r happened. 

W M Pepper ell, Esq 1 ". These. 


On his Majesty's Service. To the Hon 1 William Pepperrell, Esq r , 
Lieut. General of Army & Forces against Cape Breton. Att Chap- 
peaurouge Bay or Louisbourge, this ^ Cap 1 Arno. 

Canso, May 8, 1745. 

Sir, — I just now rec d the letter herewith inclosed by 
Cap* Bradford, in the sloop Good Intent from Boston in 
14 days, laden with provisions for the army. She run 
ashore last night coming into the harbour, & is not yet 
got off, having broke her boom in the passage, & can't 
proceed till it is mended. I have therefore sent the in- 
closed by Cap 1 Arno, in Cap* Donnehew's prize sloop, 
being the only conveyance at hand. It being the Gov- 
ernour's order to forward them to y° Hon r without a mo- 
ment's loss of time. I shall forward Cap* Bradford with 
the provisions as soon as possible. Yesterday Cap' 
Donnehew discovered among the French prisoners on 
board the Victory a design to rise & carry her off, which 
was so apparent that their Captain himself being present 
could not deny it. I therefore ordered six Frenchmen 
with part of y e Indians to be puton board Cap* Donnehew, 

1745.] LETTERS. 157 

& six on board Cap* Beckett. On Monday last Francis 
Sambrieux, with two of his sons, & Francis Langley, 
Frenchmen, from the island of Madam, came hither in a 
small boat, a flagg of truce, with a letter, which Cap* 
Furnell left on shore when he came from thence, directing 
them to come hither to seek their wives & children. 
They are willing to tarry here & labour for their sub- 
sistence, & inform of sundry others, their relatives, on 
that island, which they desire may be sent for. Cap* 
Donnehew & Cap* Beckett are going on a short cruise to 
the harbours of S* Peter's & y e places adjacent, upon the 
information the s d Sambrieux has given of sundry vessells 
laid up there, taking him with them. I am 

Y r Hon rs humb. serv*. 

To Gen* Pepperrell. AmMI K. CUTTER. 


Hon ble Sir, — Your fav r of yesterday even g came duly 
to my hand, & I have with the few people I could raise 
been ever since till this moment attending the service, & 
am sorry that y e scheem was not executed according to 
your proposall. I have no great reason to expect any 
probability of its being done this morning, as the adven- 
turers may by some be thought too much exposed to the 
enemy's fire from the town. As to boats there are few 
if any here fitt for the service ; but had the proposed 
attack ensued, should have done as well as we could. 
The most resolute & brave men of this garrison, to the 
number of about ninety, have been out on other affairs, 
w ch I thought of consequence. M r Shaw is here & brought 
me the inclosed letter from Cap* Noble & M r Procter. 
Others in their marches to town for provisions, baggage, 
&c a , & I fear partly cowardice, tho the pretence was indis- 
positions of various kinds, declined the service, which to 
force them into I could not think would be of any advan- 


tage. If against another time appointed for the service 
I can have previous notice, & you conclude shallops or 
such like vessells fitt for the purpose, I doubt not, exclu- 
sive of the men sent you, to make up the number of fifty 
& possibly one hundred voluntiers. 

The powder sent hither, except two barrells, is ex- 
pended, & as this will afford only about 14 charges, an 
imediate supply is necessary ; the quantity you'll please 
to determine. We have had in the evening past a smart 
fire from the enemy, but no hurt done except to the 

The short supply of rum, the severall Captains till me, 
is of prejudice to the people. Should one from the dead 
tell the soldiery anything in the prejudice of it 'twould 
have no weight. 

You, Sir, are a perfect judge of the situation I am in as 
to the enemy, between two very formidable fires of theirs, 
& should the cannon of this fortress be silent (w ch they 
cant at present be, unless for want of powder) their spirrits, 
w ch I think are dropping, will revive, & this garrison be 
in danger of falling again into their hands, to the great 
prejudice of your good designs. 

I shall be very glad to receive your orders to prepare 
for a speedy attack of the West Gate, towards which in 
my situation I may be serviceable in furnishing materials 
for a breastwork, in case then the quantity of fascines, 
oakum baggs, & wool sacks should in the camp be found 
deficient. This I am sensible is the buisness of more able 
& less engaged hands, & I should be very desirous of being 
excused from takeing any part therein unless absolutely 
necessary to the service, in which I shall on all occasions 
most readily & chearfully exert myself, also in executing 
any other of your comancls. I am, Hon ble Sir, 
Yo r most obedient & most obl d serv 4 . 

S. Waldo. 

Royall Battery, S th May, 1715, 5 o'clock in the morn*. 

1745.] LETTERS. 159 

The Isl d Battery has already begun their salute of two 
shells since the appearance of y e sun. The town is as yet 
silent, w ch fear will not continue till I am ready for them. 

S. W. 

Lieu 1 Gen 1 Pepperrell. 


To the Hon Ue W. Pepperrell, Esq r , U Gen 1 & Comand r in Cheife, of 
y e Brittish Forces before Lewisbourg. 

Royall Battery, May 11, 1745. 

Hon ele Sir, — I am fully persuaded y* I can take y e 
Island Batery from this place with y e boats y* are here, if 
you think it proper to give y e taking of y* place to myselfe. 
I dare to engage with y e blessing of God to send you y e 
flag within forty-eight hours from this time, if you think 
proper to give me ord r to conduct y e affair intirly by my 
own judgm* ; with y e concurrance of y e party to go with 
me, I doubt not of successe. I think I perfectly know 
y e rocks we have already split on, and can avoid them or 
any other for y e future. If my offer be accepted y e sooner 
I have y e ord rs y e better, being persuaded I can find men 
enough y* will willingly go with me. I am, Hon ble Sir, 
with all due respects, 

Your most ob* s*. 

W. Vaughan. 


To the Hon hle W. Pepperrell, Esq r , U Gen 11 of y e New England 
forces in y e camp before Lewisbourg. 

Royall Battery, 12 clock, May 11 th , 1745. 
Hon ble Sir, — This letter brings y r Hon r y e mallancholy 
ac* y* this day about 9 or 10 a clock a party of Indians 
about 50 (except 2 Frenchmen) attacqued a party of our 
men abot 20 at a place called Laballen. A young man 
named David Stanwood, one of y e party, is escaped with 


y e bones of his right wrist fracturd. He says y* they 
many of them were killed ; y e remainder surrendred ; 
they, y e E. shott after y fc 2 or 3 ; y e others they killd with 
spears. By y e best advice I have thought proper to send 
150 men of. I expect they will be there within 3 hours, 
and from thence proceed 2 miles further where ther is a 
party of about 40 of our men. In y e time of writing 3 
of our men of y e party are arrived sound ; they say they 
judge y r was 100 of y e enemy. I hope y r Hon r will so 
far reinforce this Battery y* we may send out 100 men 
more this night or next morning early to support our 
party, y* we may give them a thoroug repulse ; as this is 
y e first attacque of this nature, y e supporting of ourselves 
well at this time may be of y e utmost service. All things 
are getting ready (y fc is y e vessells) for y e attacque of y e 
Island Battery. There appeared of y e harbour a brig this 
forenoon ; we made ready to fire at her. She came near, 
then bore away. This minute there is of y e harbour 
turning up ; we suppose her to be y e French scooner 
recovered, where y e forementioned attacque was made. 
We are ready for her, and as we may expect a French 
fleet every hour, pray grant y t y e Battery attacque may 
be carryed on as soon as may be. With all due respects 
to y r Hon r , I am (for Col 1 Noble) 

Your ob* s*. 

W. Vaughan. 

Gen 11 Pepperrell. 


Superbe, in Chapeaurouge Bay, the 11 th May, 1745. 

Sir, — I receivd your letter of this date this morning, 
and am of opinion, upon talking to Captain Dunnohoe, 
that the French ship said to be seen by him to the west- 
ward yesterday, was Captain Gayton in the Bien Aime, 
and that it was he who was off this bay last night, and 
tis probable stood off, thinking it to late to get in (as it is 

1745.] LETTERS. 161 

fine weather to-day I hope he will get in, and clear up 
this point); my officers telling me he made the proper 
signals, setled by Govern our Shirley for knowing the ships 
upon this expedition. Captain Dunnohoe wants to go to 
Cancoa, for his cable, anchor, and boat, which he left 
behind there. I intend to give him directions, if he shou'd 
meet the Bien Aime before she arrives here to tell Captain 
Gay ton to call oft' Cancoa & convoy such store vessells 
and others as may be bound hither for the ships or camp. 
I agree with you that it may be attended with ill conse- 
quences to lessen our force upon this service at this 
juncture by sending a ship to Anapolis, as several ships 
of warr may be daily expected from France with succours 
and provisions for the garrison of Lewisbourg, which if 
they shou'd be able to introduce it wou'd frustrate our 
hopes of reducing that garrison to his Majesty's obedience. 
Tis probable, as Governour Shirley mentions nothing of 
Anapolis Royal in his letters to you or me, that there may 
be nothing in the rumour of the French's intention to 
attack it; however, I think it wou'd not be amiss to send 
one or two of the New England cruizers when they arrive 
to know the state of that garrison, but as it is uncertain 
when that will be (tho I have hourly expected them for 
several days past) it wou'd not be amiss to send a good 
sailing schooner there to know their situation. If you 
please to appoint one, I'll get my letters immediately 
ready for Collonel Mascarreen. I think the properest of 
the Collony cruizers to send there will be Captain Tyng, 
or Snelling, or any one of them with the Prince of Orange, 
or Boston Packett, with directions to return immediately 
if that garrison is in no danger. You'l please to give me 
your opinion which of them shou'd be sent. I find it will 
be impossible to keep the ships of warr together in this 
foggy climate, which may prove of ill consequence if any 
naval force shou'd arrive hither from France at the time 
that wee may be seperated. I therefore shall send out 



to look for them, and propose for the future to make our 
rendezvous in and near this bay where I think wee shall be 
as ready and in as good a station as any to intercept any 
ships going into Lewisbourg, untill you have quite cut off 
their communication, both by sea and land, which cannot 
be better affected then by putting in execution the plan of 
operation which you resolv'd upon yesterday, particularly 
that article of appointing proper guard boats to cruize in 
the night under the point of the light house, to prevent 
the introduction of succours into the garrison by boats, 
shallops, or any other small vessells from any part of this 
island where the enemy's ships may put into. I think the 
wdiole plan that was concerted yesterday, if speedily & 
vigourously executed cant fail of reducing in time the 
garrison of Lewisbourg, which I wish had been attempted 
by storm as first agreed upon, tho it cou'd. not have been 
executed then. If ever that scheme is reviv'd you shall 
have all the assistance from us in our power, as you 
shall upon all other occasions wherein you will please 
to lett me know wee can in any shape contribute to 
your success. But if it shou'd be thought necessary to 
joyn your troops with any men from our ships, it shou'd 
only be for some sudden attack that may be executed in 
one day or night, & whenever this shall happen I must 
beg you will give strict directions that no rum be sold to 
our men, who have all of them money, for upon enquiry 
I find that has been the occasion of the many disorders 
they committed when ashore. They have lost many of 
their arms. I beg you'l give direction to your officers to 
look for them thro the camp ; they may know them by 
the King's mark. For God's sake, Sir, put a stop to that 
disagreable and ill-grounded suspicion that some unthink- 
ing people have pretended (for I can think it no other) 
to conceive of Collonel Broad street, it may otherwise be 
of fatal consequence to the expedition, which I think in 
a fair way of being brought to a happy issue if every body 

1745.] LETTERS. 163 

lends a willing hand to it. I shall write to all the Gover- 
nours, as I told you yesterday, for succours, and I dare 
say my solicitations to some of them will prevail. Pray 
let me know what progress you make, and if at any time 
you want to see me, let me know it, and I will wait on 
you, & when you can spare any of your general officers 
or Coll 8 to come off, I shall be very glad to see them. 
Pray when will the schooner sail for Boston ? A schooner 
that went with Captains Durell and Tyng is arriv'd, and 
says they met no ships, as was expected, but burnt about 
forty houses and as many shallops, and may be hourly 
expected here. The men of those burnt houses went the 
day before their arrival into Lewisbourg, in shallops, and 
wee were then in possession of the Grand Battery, so you 
see how necessary it is to guard that pass in the night by 
boats ; two whale boats and a shallop wou'd be enough. 
If you want Bush's guns carried to the harbour, please to 
order three or four shallops to me and I will (if Bush 
hawls alongside of my ship) send them there. I am much 
concern'd at the uneasynessyou undergo with undisciplin'd 
troops, but hope that will daily grow less as they grow 
better, so you may be assur'd of my sincere regard for 
you upon all occasions, and upon the best and most candid 
advice that I am able to give you whenever you shall 
please to ask it, for I cant help having the highest regard 
for a gentleman that sacrifices his private ease and happy- 
ness (which I know to be your case) for the publick good 
of his country. I, therefore, am with great esteem, S r , 
Y r most obedient humble serv*. 

P. Warren. 

P. S. I am now writing my letters to Governour 
Shirley, copys of which I shall keep to show you. My 
compliments to all your Council & the rest of your 

L* General Peperell. 



Camp, May 12, 1745. 

Sir, — Yours of yesterday's date have just receiv'd by 
M r Fitaplace ; hope the ship you mention was Gayton ; 
if so possibly it may not be necessary to send any vessell 
to Annapolis Royal, unless you think proper to send one 
of your schooners to inquire into the circumstances of 
that place. As it entirely lays w th you shall be perfectly 
pleas'd w th your determination on that head. Hope by 
Cap* Gayton there will be an opportunity to convoy our 
provisions from Canso, without detaching a vessell from 
hence ; cannot think it safe for them to remain there. 
We are all much oblig'd to you for writing to the several 
governm ts of the Southern Colonies, which am sensible 
will have great w* w th them. I shall put in execution 
the plan agreed upon w n you was on shoar as fast as 
possible, have desired Brig a Waldo to order the propos'd 
guard boats. M r Fittaplace informs me that he under- 
stood the men who left S* Ann's the night before it was 
burnt went off by land; if so hope we intercepted them; 
several of the prisoners taken being from thence. We 
are compleating the battery on the west part of the town, 
hope it will be ready to play to-morrow ; believe must 
defer getting Bosch's cannon round 'till this battery be 
compleated. It gives me concern that you have reason 
to complain of your men's hurting themselves with liquor 
when on shoar, as my positive orders have been allways 
to prohibit any such practices. I will order strict inquiry 
to be made relating to their arms, and if you shou'd think 
proper to have them on shore again to assist in any push, 
will endeavour effectually to hinder any disorders of that 
kind. I have resented and taken measures to suppress the 
surmizes that some silly persons had propagated of Col. 
Bradstreet's behaviour w ch am sensible was as ill grounded 
& prejudicial to our design here as it was injurious to him ; 

1745.] LETTERS. 165 

hope shall hear no more of it. # I shall be glad to consult 
with you as often as possible, either by myself or general 
officers. M r Thaine would be of great service to come 
on shoar again, and some other gunners if you can spare 
them. I have this day sent the schooner Prince of Orange 
to Boston, ordering to wait on you for your packetts. 

Y rs , &c. W. P. 

To the Hon ble Peter Warren, Esq r , &c. 


To the Hon Ue W. Pepperrell, Esq r , Lieut. Gen 1 of y e Brittish army 
before Lewisburg, at y e camp. 

Royall Batery, May 12, 1745. 

Hon ble Sir, — This letter serves to acquaint you y* y e 
carpenters for y e whale boats did not come till yesterday, 
late in y e afternoon. I am this minute going to y e boats 
to see y fc they shall be done this day if possable. We have 
gotten many padles made for y e shallops, and believe shall 
have enough this day, and hope y* y e shallops will carry 
300 men. We shall want 100 granado shells, and men 
y t know how to manage them. Y e more pistolls we have 
y e better. If we have men enough by the midle of this 
afternoon we can regulate y e affair so far as to know who 
shall go in evry boatt y* we may have no confusion on y* 
acct. herafter. Tis proper (as I conceive) y* we be 
divided into three squadrons ; then we shall be in better 
ord r , and I dare to be pilot myselfe. We can easyly go 
from this place to y e Island Battery in half an hour; and 
after we have gotten all things ready, should be glad of 
a still dark time. Here are many men here from many 
difrent regiments. I have found them so disposed y* many 
of them would not regard what I have said to them about 

* See action of the Council of War, May 11, 1745, ante, p. 19. — Eds. 


y e boatts, or unlesse y r Hon r sends ample ord rs to attend 
y e buisnesse, it will not be so well done as I could wish. 
I am with due respects, y r Hon r ' 8 

Most ob fc ser fc . 

W. Vaughan. 

& Gen 11 Pepperrell. 


Superbe, in Chapeauxrouge Bay, the 13 May, .1745. 

Sir, — I have yours of this date, and when Smythers 
comes in I will dispose of him as you desire. I sent you 
two gunners this morning, and there are two more of 
mine ashore. M r Thane is not very well, and I know of 
no other among us fitt for your bomb battery. The 
Connecticut sloop is come in ; says they burnt while out 
eighty houses at Nigonish, and twenty at S fc Anns, and 
about forty shallops. Smythers was with the Eltham, 
and I believe will soon be in. I will wait on you the 
first fair weather. I wish you success, and am with great 
esteem, S r , 

Y r most obedient humble serv fc . 

P. Warren. 

P. S. I find you had not receiv'd mine of this morning's 
date when you wrote yours. 

L 1 General Peperel. 


To the IIon ble Lieu* Genercdl Pepperrell, ComaiuV in Chief of his 
Maf Forces employed in y v Expedition ag 8 ' Cape Breton, att the Camp* 

IIon ble Sir, — I gott with the powder safe here, viz fc , 38 
bbs. The vessell that is arrived is a fine snow of about 
150 tons. I cant discover that she has any guns aboard. 
She gaind her entry by hugging the light house land 

1745.] LETTEES. 167 

aboard, & with a fine wind soon reached the anchoring 
place, close under the walls of the town, where she seems 
to be now agrond. Our battery began to fire upon her 
as soon as she appeard, & discharged 15 guns at her. At 
the same time the town & Island Battery made the warm- 
est fire they have done yet, having discharged from them 
both 52 guns in about half an hour. Its not easy I find 
by our people to determine from whence came y e greatest 
number, so that the Island guns are not, as supposed, 
naild up. The smartness of the enemy's fire beat of our 
people from the guns, & in the action one of our gunners 
was mortally wounded by langrage, a piece of which taken 
out of his back I send by the bearer; another larger piece 
yet remains in. His name is James Jewett, & is an Ips- 
wich man. We are in great want of good gunners that 
have a disposition to be sober in the daytime, which might 
be an effectual means of preventing the entry of any 
other ships. This vessell's escape was not for want of 
powder, of which we had thirteen cartridges left, and had 
we been provided with all the ammunition in the fleet or 
army it could have made no alteration in this affair. 

The four 42 pounders in the northeast bastion are cleard 
& ready for the Conecticutt gentl a when they please ; a 
fifth in the same bastion is also ready, & a sixth will be 
compleat by the morning. 

Oar people have an irresistible desire to burn the (ship 
say) snow, & I have given them liberty to prepare a fire 
ship which they are intent upon providing. If you would 
not have them attempt the burning her be pleased to send 
me }^our orders accordingly ; its probable she may have 
provision & ammunition aboard, & if any of Comodore 
Warren's desperado's could be spared to act on this occa- 
sion, it might be the best employ for them, but I fear 
you'll scarce have time to advise him hereof, & gett his 
answer in season ; for want of yours I shall if good & 
discreet men can be found for this purpose proceed in the 


attempt. I shall send the horses & men for a guard for 
a further quantity of powder early in the morning. I am 
in the mean time, Hon ble Sir, 

Y r most obedient & obld. servant. 

S. Wa[ldo.] 

Royall Battery, 13 th May, 1745. 
4 o'clock, r. m. 

The man is now expiring. 

L* Gen 11 Pepperrell. 


Superbe, in Chapeauxrouge Bay, the 13 th May, 1745. 

Sir, — I receiv'd your favour of yesterday last night, 
and am now going to dispatch a schooner to Anapolis to 
know the state of that garrison. If you have any com- 
mands please to send them by the bearer. I believe 
Captain Gayton will bring any victualing or store vessells 
from Cancoa with him, as my general order directs all his 
Majesty's ships to call there in their way hither. I hope 
my letters to the respective Governours, from New York 
to Virginia inclusive, will have some weight ; but it will 
be a great while before wee can expect any succours from 
them, shou'd they be ever so inclinable to assist us. I 
fear it will take up so much time to reduce Lewisbourg 
by blockading that I cou'd wish more vigourous measures 
were adviseable. Your keeping the propos'd guard boats 
will be of great consequence. I will endeavour to get 
you three or four gunners to put your men in the method 
of loading your cannon. I did not know M r Thane was 
come off. I will speak to him. He complain'd the 
people wou'd not assist him at the bomb battery. I 
shou'd have waited on you this morning, but it blows to 
hard. I am very uneasy at keeping the Eltham from 
her convoy. When the ships of warr arrive I shall advise 
with my Captains, who I believe will be of opinion not to 

1745.] LETTERS. 169 

detain her nor Captain Gay ton here. I thank you for the 
opportunity you gave me of writing to Boston. Pray let 
me know how you wou'd have the Collony cruizers 
employ'd, for I will send them nowhere but with your 
approbation. Wou'd it be proper to send one or two round 
to the N. E. of this island to intercept any succours from 
the Eiver S fc Lawrence, which I presume is now open, and 
shall I send Smythers when he arrives to Boston, agree- 
able to M r Shirley's request to you? As Captain Dunno- 
hoe is gone there, he may answer that end. I shall be 
glad to know how you advance in your opperations against 
the enemy. My men have no refreshments, and as there 
is a quantity of salt fish at or near the Grand Battery, I 
shou'd be oblig'd to you if you wou'd direct that a couple 
of shallop loads of it be sent on board of me, & I will fitt 
the shallops with swivell guns, and make them usefull for 
landing men to burn any others belonging to the enemy. 
I am of opinion that you shou'd send an express to the 
Duke of Newcastle to let him know the situation you are 
in, agreeable to M r Shirley's instructions, by which I do 
not apprehend that any women prisoners shou'd be sent 
to Boston. I send you two of my gunners, and you have 
already two more at the Grand Battery. I send you some 
arms belonging to your troops that my rascals brought of, 
and have lost a great many of ours. I am with great 
regard, S r , 

Y r most obed* humb. serv*, 

P. Warren. 

L* General Peperel. 


To the Hon hle Lieu* Generall Pepperrell, Comand r in Chief, &c a , of the 
Forces at the /Siege of Louisbourg. 

Hon ble Sir, — I am sorry to find by your favour of yes- 
terday that two of your guns burst to the wounding four 
of your men. Old guns will not bear so large charging 


as newer ones. Your orders for reducing the weight of 
the cartridges orderd to be prepared will be accordingly 
executed, & be ready as the guns are for the call of the 
Conecticutt gentle". Be pleased to lett me know whether 
shott is to be furnished from hence also powder for the 
42 pounders. We have little or no ball suitable for the 
two eighteen pounders, w ch suppose you'll order otherwise 
to be supplyed. The weather has been so badd to-day 
that could by no means transport the powder. The Quart 1 
Master Gen 11 & adjutants not having fully fixed on a spott 
suitable for a generall encampment prevents my waiting 
on you this morning. I am preparing the shallops for 
Cap 6 Warren, in w ch by the frequent ravages of the sol- 
diers & sailors, I shall be at a greater loss than I ex- 
pected ; however, it will I doubt not be done ; & at an 
agreeable juncture shall send by them the fish y e Com- 
odore desires. Cap fc Vaughan & Cap* Noble prepared two 
vessells for fire ships ; the former an old ship of ab 4 150 
tonns, which in her progress towards the French snow by 
carelessness and want of proper sails being bent gott on 
shoar about 40 or 50 rodd from this fortress, & is since 
driven up to high water marke, so that preparation will 
fail ; the latter in a scooner by accident took fire before 
the time proposed, which alarmd the enemy who fired 
24 guns to sink her, but to no purpose, she burnt down 
& did no prejudice to the enemy. The other vessell was 
better fixed, but Cap* Vaughan tells me he had no cohland 
over the men, which occasiond the disappointm* to her. 
I fear in case this snow brought any powder it was landed 
i mediately on her anchoring, or by favour of the night. 
We have not quite laid aside the thoughts of burning her, 
but as we want people of skill as much as resolution, I 
fear whether it will be executed or not. I have given 
the gunner orders to prepare the four guns w ch we can 
bring to bear on the snow, & hope by that means to sink 
or disable her. Your method for burning would do did 

1745.] LETTERS. 171 

the ship lye so far from the wall as to give opportunity 
for a shallop to get on each side of her, but before your 
comands reached me the projectors had gone into other 
measures on their own heads. The composition for the 
proposed execution was tarr, turpentine, pitch & dry 
stuff of various kinds. I have heard nothing from the 
Capt as who proposed a vissitt to the Royal Battery since 
I came here, whether it be y e accident of yesterday or 
the baddness of the weather that prevents me the pleas- 
ure I am at a loss to determine. I will do all that lyes 
in my power to effect this & all your other purposes 
which notwithstanding the disappointments we have met 
with I am in no respect discouredged, unless in that of 
many of the officers haveing so little comand over their 
men. I shall wait on you in the morning ; in the mean 
while I am, with respect, Hon ble Sir, 

Y r most obed fc & obl d humb. serv*. 

S. Waldo. 

Royall Battery, May 14, 1745, 3 clock, p. m. 
To L* Gen 11 Pepperrell. 

I hope on the first turn of weather the men of war 
will be of y e harb r . This snow & two other vessells were 
in all probability seen of Scataree Island by the grand 
scout that went hence ab* 3 days ago. 


On his Majesty' 's Service. Lieutenant General Pepperrell, &c, &c, 

Superbe, off Lewisbourg, the 15 th May, 1745. 

Sir, — The schooner is arrive! from Newfoundland, and 
brings an account that no ships of warr nor merchant 
ships are arrivd there yet from England. When they do 
the gentleman he gave my orders to will deliver them to 
the commanding officer of the ships of warr. Here 


follows a paragraph from a gentleman at Newfoundland, 
which is all the news he mentions, viz 1 , — " As yet wee 
have no news from England, but by the way of Lisbon. 
By that, Admiral Medley attempted with all the Ameri- 
can fleet to sail out of the Channel, but were beat back 
to Torbay & Plymouth. He receiv'd some damage, and 
5 or 6 of his convoy were cast away, amongst the rest a 
transport with troops for this country or Nova Scotia. 
This was in the midle of March last." 

I can see none of the cruizers that were out before I 
left Chapeauxrouge Bay, so I believe they are blown off: 
the coast with the hard N. E e wind that wee have had. 
I have sent two schooners in to you to receive your com- 
mands to me, and I now inclose you an account of the arms, 
&ca., lost on shore by my people, & desire you will please 
to give directions to your officers to enquire about them. 
I was in hopes when I left you to have had daily accounts 
of your progress, in which I wish you success, and am, 

Y r most obed fc humb. seiV. 

P. Warren. 

P. S. The master of the schooner says there are six 
men of warr expected at Newfoundland, but my letter 
mentions nothing of it; if so, four or five of them will 
certainly be here. The prospect of which I hope will 
give spiritts to our friends ashore. I shall be much 
obligd to you for two or three quire of paper. 

L { General Peperell, &c. 


To the Hon"* William Pepperrell, Esq r , Lieu 1 Gen" & Comand r in 
Chief of his Majesties Forces atl Cape Breton. 

Hon ble Sir, — In my absence an unfortunate affair has 
happend of the splitting another gun which has danger- 

1745.] LETTEBS. 173 

ously wounded Cap* Dan 1 Hale, Of my regiment, whose 
death or incapacity will greatly affect us, he being by 
Cap* Rhodes's misfortune the chief dependence we had 
for playing our guns. This afternoon a prisoner w T ounded 
& taken by a party of our Cape Codd men was brought in 
here. He says that he entred a voluntier at Louisbourgh 
yesterday under Cap* Beaubassin in order to cutt off our 
people on the light house side, that he left the city last 
night at nine o'clock with one hundred men ; his name 
is Barbelle, & is of Canada. Our people in a party of 
about fifty or sixty men changed three rounds with the 
enemy, w 7 ho they esteem to be about 80 or 90 in number, 
& think they have wounded or killed many others of 
them. On our side is only one Indian said to be danger- 
ously wounded. I am hasteing a Doctor to him & hope 
may do him service, and that some others of the party 
may fall into our hands if our people are vigilant & care- 
full, for which service I would willingly have excused Col° 
Gorham's regiment from the proposed duty of the night, 
& in case any sufficient number can be made up without 
them I will readily dismiss them, but I dispair of suffi- 
cient numbers to hall the cannon should they be excused, 
unless a further reinforcement should come from your 
camp. The two sledds are finished by Cap fc Richardson, 
& shall soon have the cannon fixed upon them. I hope 
the others will be as forward which shall be impatiently 
be expecting to see. This prisoner says that there are 
about 3000 men in the city, but on being pressed in this 
affair says he don't know the number, he never medled 
in publick affairs. The snow last arrived at Louisbourg 
is from the Ray of Biscay, laden with wine & bread. I 
am, Hon ble Sir, Y r obed fc & obl d serv*. 

S. Waldo. 

Eoyall Battery, 16 th May, 1745. 

The enemy went of fr° Louisbourg in three or four 
shallops last night. 


Col Gorham will spare none of his men for hailing the 
cannon, and as his situation is I can't urge it. Should 
be glad of a supply of the deficiency that will be hereby 


Supeiibe, off Lewisbourg, the 16 th of May, 1745. 

Sir, — I this day at noon mett Captain Rouse with 
some victualers for your troops and one for my squadron, 
the particulars of which he will acquaint you with. I 
have letters from Governour Shirley, of the 5 th instant, 
acquainting me of the arrival at Boston of his Majesty's 
ship, the Princess Mary, of sixty guns, and of his hourly 
expectation of the Hector, of 40 guns, who saild with her 
from England, in order to joyn me here, but the Princess 
Mary, having sprung her bowsprit, was obliged to put into 
Boston where her Captain tells me he sha'n't stay above 
three days, so that she may be hourly expected, as may 
the Hector. I hope this will give your troops great spirit, 
as it will be a considerable naval reinforcement. I send 
you a copy of a plan w cb I had formd previous to this 
news and shall be glad to have your oppinion thereon, 
or upon any other better digested by you for carrying on 
the present expedition. I believe if you approve of it, 
all the cruizers that are now present will come into it, 
which are the Mermaid, Ting, Smethers, Thomson, and 
Snelling, who have not joynd us. Captain Durell tells 
me Tino; ran aboard of him in a fogs and has lost his 
bowsprit, but hopes to see him to-morrow and all those 
that are now missing. You may judge by the sea force 
that are coming to our assistance how much the govern- 
ment at home has the success of this expedition at heart, 
and for God sake let us use all our efforts not to disapoint 

* This letter is in the handwriting of another person than the clerk usually employed by 
Commodore Warren. — Eds. 

1745.] LETTERS. 175 

them in it. I must own it gives me great concern that 
no one advantage has yet been acquired by our troops 
from the enemy, except the Grand Battery, w ch they aban- 
doned upon a presumption, I suppose, that it was not 
tenable ; but had they endeavoured to defend it, I am 
apt to believe it wou'd still have remaind in their posses- 
sion. I wish more vigorous measures than that of a 
blockade coud be found adviseable. I am with perfect 
regard, Sir, 

Your most obed* humble serv\ 

P. Warren. 

Lieu* General Peperell. 


Superbe, off Lewisbourg, the 16 th May, 1745. 

Sir, — As it was by many of the officers and troops 
under your command thought to rash an attempt to storm 
the town of Lewisbourg before a breach is made by your 
cannon, which I understand you are now advancing near 
the walls for that purpose, pray give me leave, Sir, to 
offer my weak opinion. 

That if you shou'd be able to make a breach the enemy, 
I apprehend, will endeavour to defend it by facine 
batterys or otherwise within with as much vigour as they 
can; won't it therefore be necessary, at the same time 
that you attempt the breach, with a strong party to 
attempt the walls in different parts by scaling ladders, to 
divert part of the enemy's force from the defence of the 
breach ? 

If you think you have not men enough to make such 
an attack, I wou'd propose this as the most effectual 
means to be taken under the present circumstances; you 
will please to consider, Sir, the River S* Lawrence is now 
open, and that succours to Lewisbourg may be introduc'd 
from thence and from France, tho our troops are in 

* This letter is not in the same handwriting as the letter immediately preceding it. — Eds. 


possession of the Grand Battery, and tho wee have ten 
cruizers out. The arrival of the snow is a proof of this. 
What I wou'd propose is that all his Majesty's ships and 
all those employ'd by the Collony, except two small ones 
to cruize, and all the schooners, sloops, and transports, 
except two or three for scouts, shou'd assemble and anchor 
as high up in Chapeaurouge Bay as they possibly cou'd 
♦time enough to make a proper disposition for a general 
attack upon the town at an appointed time, both by boats 
from the Grand Battery and on the land side of the town 
at the same time as was before propos'd. 

The number of men that all the ships, &ca., cou'd land, 
I believe wou'd be near fifteen hundred and leave a few 
to guard them, and our scouts cou'd look out and give 
us timely notice of the approach of any enemy from sea, 
that wee might in that case march our seamen back to 
defend their ships, which I think they might do better 
in that bay against a superior sea force than at sea. 

I wou'd have all the schooners and boats to carry the 
men from the bottom of the bay, to land them as near the 
camp as convenient the morning that the attack shou'd 
be determin'd to be made, the night or morning follow- 
ing, and there shou'd be a regale of fresh victuals if possi- 
ble at the camp for the whole army. I wou'd have every 
officer know his command and every Captain muster his 
company, and the whole shou'd be told that if they pre- 
sum'd to shrink, or put back, or utter any words to in- 
duce others so to do, shou'd be punish'd with death, and 
they shou'd know that a rear guard was appointed to 
take up as cowards all those that shou'd be found without 
the walls after the main body was got over and in the 
town, and that any retreating from the town without the 
main body shou'd be look'd upon in the same light, and 
shou'd for such crime suffer death, that those who are 
appointed on any other service besides the general attack 
shou'd be regularly appointed that there be no room left 

1745.J LETTERS. 177 

to any for excuse or pretence that they were upon any 
other service when they shou'd be upon the attack. If 
please God they got possession of the town they shou'd 
assemble together in the most proper place for that pur- 
pose, and no man shou'd upon pain of death presume to 
plunder 'till the enemy are secur'd, and every Captain of 
a company shou'd find out who, if any, of his company are 
missing, and the centinels that wee shou'd place on the 
walls of the town when in possession shou'd have direc- 
tions not to suffer any of our troops to come into the 
town without the General's order, that it may be known 
why they were not upon the attack, or upon what they 
were appointed ; none but those who are actually upon 
the attack, or posted otherwise by particular orders, to 
have any share in the plunder or riches of the town. 

I wou'd have the seamen and whale boat men, ap- 
pointed to make the attack in the boats from the Grand 
Battery, the granadiers, marines, and the most regular of 
the land troops, to a proper number, the breach or easiest 
place in the wall ; the method formerly agreed on, for the 
attack in three different places, I think a very good one. 

I wou'd have the attack begun by a signal, so as to be 
in the town a quarter of an hour before day. 

I wou'd have a sustaining party of two hundred men 
and good officers march in the rear of the main body 
within randum musquet shott of the wall to cover a 
retreat if necessary, and to prevent any men from leav- 
ing their posts. 

And as there are not small arms enough to equip all 
the seamen pole axes, broad axes, bayonets fix'd on poles, 
lances, and hand granadoes wou'd do very well, and such 
an addition of men tis to be hop'd, with a proper number 
of ladders, if long enough, wou'd succeed, if you shou'd 
not even be able to make a breach in the wall, and as this 
scheme must fail or succeed in one night, tis proposed 

that the men from the ships shou'd stay no longer on 



shore, but go immediately ou board their respective ships 
in order to cruize, or execute any other scheme that may 
be agreed on upon the failure of this. 

Tis certain that the French took one of the packets 
going to the West Indies from Governour Shirley to me, 
by which means they know at Martineique of our present 
scheme against Lewisbourg, and tis probable they know it 
long ere now in France, and I am inform'd that ten sail 
of French men of warr are gone to the West Indies, which 
may possibly bend their course this way, and if they 
shou'd, or any superior force to us from France shou'd 
come, it wou'd put it out of our power to secure the 
retreat of the troops and transports, therefore the most 
vigorous measures shou'd be taken for the speedy reduc- 
tion of Lewisbourg. 

P. Warren. 

Superbe, off Lewisbourg, the 16 May, 1745. 

Sir, — I have kid the above plan before all the Cap- 
tains of his Majesty's ships and of the Collony cruizers 
who are of opinion that it is not practicable with the sea 
force wee have now here to attempt the harbour and 
fortifications of Lewisbourg, but agree in opinion that the 
above mention'd plan will under the present circumstances 
be the most effectual that wee can propose, and the 
greatest assistance that can be given by the naval force, 
and wee do therefore recommend it to your consideration, 
and pray your answer to it as soon as possible, because 
wee apprehend delays may prove fatal to the scheme in 
hand, and I am further to acquaint you that I cant pre- 
sume to keep the Eltham nor Bien Aime from the service 
to which they are appointed by the Admiralty. We are, 
S r , Y r most humble servants. 

Kicii d Tiddeman P. Warren. 

John Rous Phi Durell. 

Daniel Fones W. Calmady. 

L* General Pepeuel. 

1745.] LETTEES. 179 


Superbe, off Lewisbourg, the 17 th May, 1745. 

Sir, — Captain Gayton and all our cruizers except the 
Koad Island ship are now in sight, and I have with me 
all the Captains of his Maj ty ' s ships and Captain Tyng who 
are to a man of opinion with me that you shou'd send off 
some of your officers to conferr with us upon the speedy est 
and properest measures for attacking the town of Lewis- 
bourg, or the Island Battery, whichever of them shall be 
thought most expedient. Wee are the more anxious about 
this as the fogs we are inform'd are now coming on, and 
indeed wee think wee have them very frequent now, and 
may seperate us in such a manner as to prevent our get- 
ting soon together, to consult on, consider, or execute 
any plan for the reduction of Lewisbourg, so that you 
will please to observe the necessity of taking some sudden 
and vigorous measures, as wee have so many incidents 
to guard against, viz*, such as fogs and bad weather, 
which will no doubt scatter our ships from each other, 
and possibly be the means of succours getting into Lewis- 
bourg in spight of all our vigilence ; the daily expecta- 
tion the enemy have of succours under a strong convoy 
from France, and of Indians and troops from Canada, is 
another incident that is worthy of your consideration, as 
is the necessity I shall be under of sending away the 
Eltham and Bien Aime to prosecute their orders from the 

I have shown the plan of operation that I sent you last 
night to Captain Douglass and Tyng, as I shall to all the 
other Captains as they joyn me ; those that have are all 
pleas'd with it, and if it meets your approbation, wee 
ought to know it immediately; if you think the attack on 
the Island Battery, previous to that of the town, is most 
expedient, and any assistance is necessary to that end 
from the ships, they cannot give it by men and boats with 


any certainty of time, unless they anchor in Chapeau- 
rouge Bay, from whence the boats may depart, at a 
certain time, and joyn the whale boats at the Grand 
Battery, and then proceed together and attack the Island 
Battery, arm'd in the manner propos'd by our first 

Tis probable if you undertake the town that before you 
can make the proper disposition the Princess Mary and 
Hector may arrive from Boston, by which means an addi- 
tion of three hundred men may be made to the fifteen 
hundred mention'd in my plan of yesterday. 

This waits on you by M r x\gnue, by whom you will 
please to send your answer as soon as possible, that if 
the plan sent you meets your approbation, the squadron 
being now altogether may embrace the opportunity of 
this clear weather to go into Chapeaurouge Bay, in order 
to make the proper disposition for putting it in execution. 
Wee are, S r , 

Y r most humble servants. 

James Douglas. P. Warren. 


Edw d Tyng. W. Calmady. 

L l General Peperell. 


On his Majesty's service. To the Hon hle Gen 11 Pepperall, Com- 
mander in Chief of the Forseys on the Sedge against Lewis Burge. 

Grand Battry, May 17, 1745. 

Honr d S R , — I am grived I have the ocasion to tell you 
that this day one of our guns are burst with 14 lb powder, 
& has wounded Cap t Heale, very ill, & Nathen 11 Stors, his 

* Arthur Noble was at this time Lieutenant-Colonel in Waldo's regiment. Very little 
has been found with regard to his personal history; but he is believed to have been born 
in the north of Ireland, and to have come to America, with two brothers, about 1720. He 
met with a tragic death at Minas in February, 174G-7; being then probably not above 
middle life. See Coll. Maine Hist. Soc vol. viii. pp. 100-153. —Ens. 

1745.] LETTERS. 181 

lieu., arm broack, belongn to Cap* Koads. The ocasion of 
my firing was att a number y e enemy att work att the 
West Gatt. I am of oppinion that 13 lb of powder is suf- 
ficient load for any of our guns. We have hands busey 
bulding sleds for to hall the 2 large guns, & we will use 
all indeavors to have them to the spott this night. I am 
Your Honour's most dutifull obediant hum ble servant, 
att command. 

Arthur Noble. 

Gen 11 Pepperall. 


Camp May 17 th , 1745. 

S B , — Yours of yesterday's and this day's date I rec'd, 
and observe the contents with gratefull pleasure, particu- 
larly I note your prudent and great thoughtfullness to 
bring to a happy issue the affair before us of so much 
consequence to our King and nation, and the Northern 
Colonies in particular. It is my great concern that our 
j)rogress on shore against our enemies is so slow, but 
when the difficultys of attacking the Island Battery are 
duly considered, there being but critical minutes in w ch 
it can possibly be done with hopes of success, allso the 
difficultys of scaling walls, without a breach, by undis- 
ciplin'd troops, the difficulty of landing our cannon in so 
bad a harbour, of getting them convey'd over such bad 
grounds in the face of our enemies' fire while we cannot 
annoy them at all, and a general illness thro' the army, 
I hope these and such like things considered your 
patience will not tire. The probability of a speedy 
arrival of a French sea force I duly consider (but hope 
the best), and nothing in my power shall be wanting 
towards the greatest dispatch and most vigorous attack. 
Your plan I have this day laid before my Council (as the 
main part of the forces are engag'd to get forward a 
number of the cannon at the Grand Battery against the 


West Gate to be mounted by to-morrow morning if pos- 
sible, the good effects of which I hope soon to advise you 
of) a due consideration thereof is referred till to-morrow 
morning, 10 o'clock;* at present can only say, that the 
attack of the Island Battery or town will, as I think, cer- 
tainly and speedily be effected, and 1 hope to good 
purpose. Your prudence and good conduct in the 
disposition of your ships I cannot question; my own 
judgm* I cannot but distrust. Yet am doubtfull whether 
your ships going all or most of them into Chappeau 
Rouge Bay will be of good consequence. In dark & 
foggy weather your cruizers may at sea meet with the 
King's enemies to our advantage, but the weather that 
will be good to carry them into Louisbourg will keep 
your vessells in that harbour shou'd you have ever so 
early notice of their approach. Excuse my freedom. 
Shall myself or some of my Council wait on you to- 
morrow, and by that means I hope be able to settle the 
needfull points. Y rs , &c. 

W. P. 

Hon ble Commodore Warren, &c, &c, &c. 


By Peter Warren, Esq r , Commander in Chief of his 
Majesty's ships & vessells employd and to be employd 
in North America to the northw d of Carolina. 

Whereas a squadron of the enemy's ships of warr may 
be dayly expected with a number of merchant ships bound 
into Lewisbourg, and as it will therefore be necessary for 
us to keep our main force together, 

You are hereby required and directed to take particular 
care not to lose company with me, but if you shoud by 
any unavoidable accident, the place of rendezvous is off 

* See the Records of the Councils of War, ante, pp. 19, 20. — Eds. 

1745.] LETTERS. 183 

the harbour of Lewisbourg from one to five leagues. 
And as I am informed the French ships bound hither 
generally make the N. East part of the island of Cape 
Brittoon, you are when the wind shall be easterly to keep 
so farr to windw d of the lighthouse as to be able to in- 
tercept any of the enemy's ships going in from the eastw d , 
and with any other winds you are to use your endeavours 
to keep as near the entrance of the harbour as the weather 
will permit, in the best situation for intercepting any 
succours to the town and garrison of Lewisbourg, the 
doing w ch will be of the greatest consequence to the suc- 
cess of the present expedition. 

And whereas I with concern see the slow approaches 
made by our troops on shore upon the enemy, which I 
apprehend may be owing to the difficulty of landing in a 
great surff, and afterwards transporting their cannon & 
stores thro' ways almost impassible to the proper places 
for annoying the town, as well as the inclemency of the 
climate, I am therefore resolved, in order to bring this 
expedition to a speedy and happy issue, as soon as the 
Princess Mary and Hector shall joyn me, to call a con- 
sultation of all the Captains of his Majesty's ships, and 
those of the Collony cruizers, at w ch the general officers 
of the land forces will be desired to assist, to consider 
whether 'tis practicable and adviseable with the naval 
force under my command to go into the harbour of 
Lewisbourg and attack the Island Battery and the other 
batterys and fortresses of the town, and if this is resolved 
upon whether the troops on shore shoud not at the time 
that I go in (with all the ships of warr, Collony cruizers, 
schooners, sloops, and transports of every kind to make 
up the greater number of men) make a vigorous attack 
upon the land side. The schooners and transports to go 
into the N. East Harbour, with all our boats except one 
yawl to each ship, and upon a signal to be made by me 
all the people on board the schooners and other transports 


to come arrnd in our boats and their own on board of me 
and the other ships of warr on the offside from the enemy, 
in order to land or assist in any other service that shall 
be thought necessary. 

And as I am also resolved, if it shall previous to our 
going into the harbour be thought by the General and 
his Council proper to attack the Island Battery, to lend 
what assistance I can from his Majesty's ships & Collony 

You are therefore hereby required and directed to keep 
your boats in a constant readiness, and a proper number 
of men arm'd and otherwise provided for that service 
under the command of a lieutenant, and upon my making 
at any time the signal for boats man'd and arm'd, you 
are to send them immediately on board of me, assuring 
the officer and men that all the plunder they shall find 
in the Island Battery shall be regularly divided amongst 
those only who go upon the attack, and that they shall 
be severally rewarded by preferment or otherwise agree- 
able to their merit upon this important occasion. 

You are to keep a quantity of powder fill'd, both for 
your cannon and small arms, and hold yourself in a con- 
stant readyness to go with me into the harbour of Lewis- 
bourg in order of battle w ch you shall receive, if our going 
in to attack the enemy shoud be thought adviseable at a 
general consultation of land and sea officers to be held 
for that purpose 

And for so doing this shall be your warrant. Given 
under my hand on board his Maj 8 ship Superbe off Lewis- 
bourg harbour, the 18 th of May, 1745. 

P. Warren. 

To the respective Captains of his Maj s ships under my command and of 
the Collony cruizers. 

1745.] LETTERS. 185 


On his Majesty's Service. To the Honour William Pepperrell, Esq r ^ 
Lieut 1 Gen 1 & Commander in Chief of the Land Forces in the pres- 
ent Expedition. At y e Camp on Cape Breton Island. This 3 
Cap 1 Hammond. 

Canso, May 19, 1745. 

Sir, — Since the departure of Cap* Rous the 15 th ins* in 
the morning, & under his convoy, seven transports laden 
with provisions, &c, for the army, viz*, Cap* Bradford, 
Cap* Bramham, Cap* Clark, Cap* Stinson, Cap* Rackwood, 
Cap* Jones, for the Massachusetts, & Cap* Ward for New 
Hampshire, by the last of whom I sent the packetts I 
had received for y r Hon r & Commodore Warren, I have 
nothing to acquaint y r Hon r with, but that the same 
morning Cap* Adams in the brig n Victory, Cap* Richard- 
son in the other prize brig n , Cap* Davis in the schooner 
S* Peters, & Cap 1 Arno in a prize sloop taken by Cap* 
Donnehoe, all sailed for Boston, with all the remaining 
prisoners, except those from the Isle of Madam. On the 
16 th in the forenoon, Cap* Beckett sailed for the Gutt of 
Canso, having on board Francis Sambrieux, who informed 
of some timber & other materials necessary for carrying 
on these works, & was desirous, as he said, of making 
another trial of finding his son & other relatives at the 
Isle of Madam. In the evening came in M r Hammond 
& M r Allen in two schooners & said they came from 
Chappeaurouge Bay y e 15 th , & were by y r Hon r sent a 
fishing, with orders to touch into this harbour. There 
being then a large ship discovered in the offing I desired 
one of them to put out that night, in order to discry her. 
But there being little wind he was able to make no dis- 
covery, but what we made ashore, to wit, that she was a 
large ship standing to the eastward, with a small schooner 
in tow. On the 17 th Cap* Wadlin in the schooner Sea- 
flower, having on board Francis Langley, that came in a 


flag"* of truce from the Isle of Madam, & thirteen women 
& children, including those Col Moulton bro't from the 
same place, also Cap* Byles in y e schooner Charming 
Molly, having on board three ineffective soldiers left by 
y r Hon r under my care, viz*, W m Kinchin, Alex r Trother, 
& William Ellery ; one deaf, another gouty, & the other 
with a large ulcer in his side, whom I thot it more acl- 
viseable to send to Boston, than to keep in this place, 
with the poor accommodations I had for them. M r Ham- 
mond & M r Allen came into this harbour again in the 
evening, whom I advised to give y r Hon r & the Commo- 
dore the earliest notice they could of y e forementioned 
ship. They accordingly sailed the next morning, but the 
weather being: bad return 3 again into this harbour. I 
would acquaint y r Hon r that I have not more than ninety 
Hints for ninety men, except those in their firelocks, nor 
more than three hund d weight of balls, & those chiefly 
too small for their pieces, being put on shore while I was 
busy in the works, nor any swan shott at all. Therefore 
pray y r Hon r would please to order me a farther supply 
of flints, musquet balls & swan shott, there being a neces- 
sity for bullets for making partridge for the cannon, as 
well as for loading the small arms in case of an attack. 
Our pick axes are so much worn that I can't keep more 
than half the people at work that might be employed 
had I sufficient tools. I hope these will find y r Hon r in 
possession of the city of Louisbourg, or returning to 
Canso. I am, y r Hon r ' fl 

Most dutiful humb. serv*. 

Ammi R. Cutter. 

To Gen 1 Pepperrell. 


Camp, May 19 th , 1745. 

S R , — Yours of yesterday's date I have rec d this morn- 
ing. As soon as it is possible some of my Council will 

1745.] LETTERS. 187 

wait on you to confer on the particulars therein men- 
tioned, and any other measures exped fc for the speedy 
accomplishment of our designs. The night before last we 
threw up a battery within 250 y ds of the West Gate ; but 
difficulty of transporting the heavy cannon occasion'd 
our getting no more than one gun (an 18 pounder) 
mounted, with which yesterday we broke down the 
Bridge Gate, w th the posts & part of the wall. Our men 
exchang'd many small shott w th the enemy from their 
musketts, and killed several of them on their walls. Last 
night we got mounted these two 42 pounders and another 
18 pounder w th w ch shall ply them closely to-day, & w th 
the mortars & cannon at the other battery. The success 
at the West Gate has animated our men, and I hope they 
will chearfully execute any plan of operation that may 
be agreed upon. I am much pleas'd with the orders to 
y r squadron w ch you have been so good as to communicate 
to me ; and in particular in regard to the ships keeping 
much to the eastward, w ch think of great consequence. 
You may be assured nothing in my power shall be want- 
ing for the effectual and speedy accomplishm* of the great 
design we are engag'd in, w ch hope shall soon see a 
happy issue of When Cap* Gay ton arrives, pray the 
favour of you y* I may know it, and that he may lay off 
the mouth of the bay 'till I can send out a vessell to receive 
the powder for the army w ch he has on board. 

Y rs , &c. W. P. 

The Hon ble Commodore Warren, &c. 


On Ms Maj. Service. For Lieut 1 General Pepperell, Sec. 

Superb, off Lewisbourg, the 19 th May, 1745. 

Sir, — Yesterday Captain Fones had the good fortune 
to take a French brigg from S* John de Luz, laden with 


wine, brandy, and provisions for Lewisbourg, which he 
carry s in with him to Chapeauxrouge Bay. Wee hear 
by her that four sail of men of warr, one of seventy-two 
guns, the other three of fifty-six, and three Company 
ships of thirty guns each, may be daily expected here, 
which makes me impatient for the Princess Mary and 
Hector to put us upon a parr with them, & that the 
Dauphin of France is married to the Infanta of Spain, & 
that the Prince of Conti carrys every tiling before him 
against the King of Sardinia. Captain Fones will give 
you an account of what is in the prize, and will spare 
you & the rest of the gentlemen anything you want 
out of her. As it will be very necessary now wee expect 
such a force from France to keep our ships out and to- 
gether it will be of the utmost service to order the 
schooners & sloops to fill our water, and bring it out to 
us, most of the Collony cruizers being quite out of water 
& wood. You'l please to send directions to Captain 
Saunders in the Bay for that purpose. Three of the 
French brigg's men got ashore at the eastermost part of 
this island, but hope they wont be able to get into Lewis- 
bourg. I cant conceive where Gay ton and Smythers are. 
The schooners may bring water off in any cask, & the 
cruizers shall start it into their own. I long to hear how 
you go on ashore, & am, with great regard, S r , 
Y r most obed. hum. serv\ 

P. Warren. 

P. S. Don Roderigo de Torres is arriv'd with three 
men of warr from the Iiavanna, with 10,000,000 pieces 
of eight on board. 

L* General Pepperell. 

Two or three of the worst of the schooners to be made 
into fire vessells wou'd be of the greatest consequence if 
a superior force to us shou'd arrive. If you'l please to 

1745.] LETTERS. 189 

order two or three, with a whale boat to each, I'll get 
them prepaid for that purpose.* 

Y rs . P. W. 


Camp, May 20 th , 1745. 

S R , — Yours of yesterday I rec d this morning, and im- 
mediately ordered Sanders to send off four of the trans- 
ports with wood & water, two of which, or all of them, to 
be improv'd for fire ships, if you think proper. Observe 
the information you have of a French fleet. Have just 
rec d a letter from Cap* Rous (coming this way), giving 
aco* of your having met w th a large French ship, whose 
fate I impatiently wait to hear of. As it is probable she 
is one of that fleet, immagine that if she has escap'd you 
she will endeavour to join the others, w ch hopfe will fall 
into your hands. I shall order some vessells to be fitted 
for fire ships in the harbour forthwith, and all the prepa- 
ration possible to be made at the Royall Battery. We 
have since my last continued our fire on the enemy from 
the West Gate battery which has shattered the wall con- 
siderably, but we were so unfortunate last night as to 
split one of the 42 pounders. I am desirous of a general 
consultation as soon as possible, in order to determine a 
speedy and vigorous attack w th our united force. Our 
men sicken apace. Great numbers are now unfit for 

Y rs , &c. W. P. 

The Hon ble Comm Warren. 

* This paragraph is written on a separate slip of paper, and is attached by a wafer to 
the foregoing letter. — Eds. 



On his Majesties Service. To the IIon hle Lieu* Generall Pepperrell, 
Comand'' in Chief of the Forces att the Siege of Louisbourg. 

Hon ble Sir, — I wrote you largely this morning, & now 
have yo r favour of this date. I shall do all in my power 
to annoy any French ship or a fleet should they attempt 
to enter the harbour, which they doubtless will attempt 
if they are an overmatch for Cap* Warren, who I hope 
will be soon able to give you a good account of his pre- 
sent engagements, as well as that of yesterday. All the 
guns we have or can mount are pointed to do execution 
on any ships entring the harbour, but we are so very 
poorly provided with gunners & between the fires of the 
Island Battery & town that without these usefull people, 
& a further quantity of cannon or other powder, shall 
make a very poor figure. We have only one gunner 
besides Cap* Rhodes, & we ought to have at least two to 
each gun, & if you can furnish a (further) number I doubt 
not you'll order accordingly. The guns are all loaden 
& the new Union flagg flying att the top of the light 
house. The carpenters, being only two in number, went 
this morning to the camp on their vessells for some 
cloaths & tools, & promised to be here again without fail 
this evening. Pray order them to be forwarded ; if it be 
possible to find stuff I shall sett them & such others as I 
have to the making them, but its impossible they should 
be done in season, so as to be mounted & coverd with a 
proper brest work before the fleet supposed to be near us, 
k now engaged with Comodore Warren's squadron, can 
reach this port, if they can be so happy as to escape him. 
The engineers should, if you think proper, be orderd to 
marke out the lines, &c a , of the proposed new battery at 
the light house that Col Gorham's people may know 
where & how they are to worke. 

Col Richmond sent to me just now for two barrells of 

1745.] LETTERS. 191 

cannon powder which his messenger said they would 
make up into cartridges themselves, for that those sent 
from hence had not powder enough in them. The 
quantity I have lately orderd in each is 13 lb., which I 
find is sufficient to do execution from hence on the town, 
which is about four times as far as from the new battery 
thither. I hear they charged the 42 pounder that last 
burst with 18 lb. powder, & I believe it. I refused send- 
ing them barrells, being certain they would be in danger 
of a badd use being made of them. And for cartridges, as 
I have very little proper powder left, I shall also excuse 
sending (as I am to expect an attack on all sides) untill 
your possitive orders for the same. I shall gett as many 
cartridges as I can filld with 14 lb. each of cannon powder 
to be in readyness for ships entring here, which may be 
afterwards reduced a pound each if the emergency of 
firing at distant ships ceases, which expect soon to know. 
Maj r Tidcomb lyes still this day as he did last night, & 
as my garrison is weak by reason of the draft of 195 men 
therefrom this morning, & by sickness, wounded men, 
&c a , will it not be for the service to call in Tidcomb with 
a quantity of Col Hale's regiment, or shall I remove Col 
Gorham, who in case of a sudden & speedy attack can be 
of little consequence at the light house ? I am, Hon ble Sir, 
Y r most obed* & obliged humb. ser*. 

S. Waldo. 

Royall Battery, 20 May, 1745, 2 o'clock, p.m. 
Gen 11 Pepperrell. 

I want as well cartridge paper as gunpowder, having 
but two quire & half of y e former, and of the latter 20 
barr 18 & 20 cartridges of 13 lb each, besides what is in the 
guns. The bar 8 are most of them fine powder. Pray lett 
me have all the cannon powder you can spare, & order 
the portions of powder y fc are to be fired att the other 
batterys to be all putt up in cartridges, y e loading by 
ladles is most dangerous to the splitting the gunns. 

Y r8 . S. W. 



To William Pepper ill, Esq r , Comm dr of his Maj ts Forces at Cape 


May the 20 th , 1745. 

Hoxo BLE S R , — I supose you have been inform d by the 
prize that come in that thare is a fleet of mar ct men and 
men of war expected dayley from France, and I have 
reason to believe I mett with one of them yesterday. 
She was a seventy gun ship, the Mermaid, and wee 
ingaged her from three o'clock till seven, and then the 
Como dr come up with us and ingaged her very smartly 
for two hours, but it come on so foggy that I am afraid 
she got clear. It being night wee lost them. So I am 
returned to cruize of the harbour in hopes to prevent 
any of the enemyes geting in. From, S r , 
Y r most hum le s\ 

John Rous. 


Hon ble Sir, — Three of your favours of yesterday I 
received last night. I am very sorry any persons should 
amuse your Hon r with false pretences, as Col Gorham, 
it seems, does. His son & all y e Captains of that regi- 
ment came to me last night (in order to reduce the 
French party on my send g for them) ; they all say & in 
particular L* Col Gorham, to whom I read your letter 
that the old gentleman had not any authority to give the 
information mention'd, that the woods were so badd & 
land so swampy that they had no thoughts of being any 
otherways active than the defensive. They saw the 
party by their fires yesterday morning, & also in the 

* Capt. John Rous was commander of the Shirley in the expedition against Louishourg, 
and also served in other naval operations in the provincial period. He is helieved to have 
heen horn in Massachusetts, and died in England, April 3, 1760. See Appleton's Cyclo- 
paedia of Amer. Biog., vol. v. pp. 335, 336. — Eds. 

1745.1 LETTERS. 193 

evening, and as y r Hon r is of opinion it may greatly tend 
to the public service, I did the last night settle a rout for 
200 men from hence, inclusive of 60 of Col Gorham's, 
who if they follow orders may, its probable, recover some 
or all of them, or render it impracticable for the enemy 
to return without falling into our hands. I have the bet- 
ter to effect this orderd 150 men more of Col Gorham's 
to guard a pass leading down on the light house neck, by 
which if they return that way they'll undoubtedly fall 
into our hands. The morning has hitherto been wett & 
foggy, which has detaind the party till now they are 
about to march. The particular detach ts that compose 
the corps of 200 men I note at foot. The hundred 
men were orderd by y r Hon r from Col Gorham's regi- 
ment to the new works two nights ago, so should any 
mischief attended their being drawn of I could not be 
answerable. They & most other of the regiments will 
form excuses to avoid duty, but as I am here pritty con- 
stant, I can judge of the weight of their pretentions. If 
Gorham's whole regiment are to be employed, or rather 
reserved, to watch the light house flagg, I hope they'll 
not complain of fatigues hereafter. They certainly in- 
cline to observe your recomendation for them all to 
keep together, & the officers to keep them so. I have 
deliverd them the new flagg orderd, which they had in 
their power to have hoisted sooner, as it was in their 
hands when they hoisted the old one, & I left it to their 

Your Hon r is misinformed about the armourers being 
all here, also the two pair of bellows ; of the former I 
have only three with Gorham, & one of them not well, 
and of the latter only one pair, the other pair was sent to 
the new works a Satturday night, & I hear the travelling 
forge is there at work. Gorman is lame with one knee, 
& desires to be excused for a day or* two from going 
over ; so I send in his stead one Beamis & Ball, who are 



esteemd steady & capable ; as for smiths they have 
doubtless a number in Col Richmond's regiment, if not I 
can send some from hence. 

I observe your recomending Col° Hale's regiment at 
the desire of the field officers from duty. I mett Maj r 
Tidcomb on the spott proposed for the new battery pro- 
posed to be built, which will be attended with more 
labour than he expected when he first proposed ; where- 
fore he is scheeming for another place, where he will, he 
says, have one erected in one night. This is on a hill & 
cant be carry ed on under cover as the other may be. 
However, I have referrd him to M T Campling to deter- 
mine the best place, & hope your expectations may be 

I am sorry for the loss of one of the finest 42 pounders. 
I find all the guns are in danger of going the same way 
by double shotting them, as was the case of this and the 
two last 18 pounders, which they fired last night, and as 
they give a great character of those two pieces the next 
attempt, I fear, will be trying of three shott in each, 
which they will increase untill they find their mistake, 
unless under better regulation than at present. I have 
assured Maj r Tidcomb of any assistance he desires from 
hence, but if his (party or) regiment do their duty he 
may excuse any aid unless in hailing the guns. They 
have not yet begun the work which you expected would 
have last night been compleated by them. 

The cartridges sent from hence were orderd partly to 
Col° Richmond's house & partly to Col Pitts, in one or 
the other of which hope they may be found if not already 
expended. The abominable carelessness of these people 
occasiond the loss of the two barr ls of powder occa- 
siond by their own fire, w ch they own k we were sensible 
of at the juncture of the accident. From hence I have 
sent them two large hides to cover their powder, which i 
with tollerable care will be effectuall. I have also this: 

1745.] LETTERS. 195 

morning sent them 12 large & 20 small cartridges J more 
will be ready against their sending ; these went under 
the care of one Caswell, an officer. I have two 42 
pounders fixed in their sledds. I've not a man can now 
be spared to hall either of them ; would it not be neces- 
sary to have one transported to supply that defficiency in 
the new battery, and would it not also be necessary to 
send some artificers to make a new bedd for the great 
mortar ? Materialls for it may be here found, & as the 
present practice is to fire that mortar without a platform 
I fear you'll soon have it useless or another repair which 
will take as much time as making 1 a new one. I be^ 
your thought hereof, & at your leisure lett me be 
favourd with an answer to my last. The guns of this 
fortress have been silent all day, & I shall incline to keep 
them so untill I know your pleasure. If the persons 
who proposd to make the new bedd can't do it, I will by 
your orders employ one that shall. I think no time 
should be lost by those undertakers. As to powder, Cap* 
Kinslow, by whom this goes, will I hope find some in the 
fleet. There must have certainly been great imbezellm* 
of this comodity. I remember to have heard of 200 
gun cartridges found aboard one coaster partly filld. 
Please to order an enquiry what is become of them. 
I am impatiently waiting the event of yesterday's sea 
engagements, w T hich pray lett y r Secretary notifie me of. 
I just now hear Cap* Cobb & many of Col Gorham's 
company are gone to the stores or y r camp for some pre- 
tince or other, by which fear shall be disappointed in the 
proposed scheem. However, my men shall march & I 
will make such an addition to the number first pro- 
posed as is possible. I am with all possible respect, 
Hon ble Sir, 

Y r most obl d hum 1 serv fc . 

S. Waldo. 

Royall Battery, 20 th May, 1745, 11 o'clock, a. m. 


I am told that the masters & crews of the transports in 
Gabbe rouge Bay will make a strong party & pursue y e 
enemy in that quarter if you'll please to desire it. 

Detached for y e foraging scout from y e Royall Battery. 



























Gorham promised 


Gorham promised to guard y e pass with further numb r 
of 150. 

Lieu 1 Gen 11 Pepperrell. 


Hon ble Sir, — Your favour of yesterday I received the 
past evening, & wish I had known your pleasure in 
answer to mine of the 19 th sooner, that I might have 
kept back the detachment which I exerted myself in for- 
warding; and that agreeable to your orders, which I 
have always taken no small pleasure in executing, & I 
shall be greatly concerned should not good consequences 
ensue. In this proceeding I had a just regard to the 
retaining all the guners & most handy men at the great 
guns should any part of the enemy escape Coiiiodore 
Warren's squadron, which, as he can best deal with them 
for the reasons I have already offerd, hope will not be 
the case. 

1745.] LETTERS. 197 

Before your letter came to hand I attended the pur- 
posed service of the new battery, & agreeing w fch Major 
Tidcomb that with great dispatch one might be easily 
erected, & a better cover to it than that first proposed, 
notwithstanding the situation as to the highth of the 
ground was not so eligible, we rather than loose further 
time agreed the spott, & a good number of men have 
been since employed, & I hope tw T o 42 pounders will be 
mounted before sunrise to the no small mortification of 
the enemy & advantage of the army, which I hope will 
remove any uneasyness in you. 

Your great desire to have if possible something done 
to intercept the Frenchmen landed on the light house 
side obliged me to weaken my own regim* in the manner 
you are informed, and for the rest they have been at hard 
labour in hailing guns & carriges & carrying shott & 
powder to the new battery, & will continue so untill day- 
light. The others that went out the morning last past 
hope to have return before noon, & not complain of 
fatigue too comon with some other regiments, & be 
ready for any service you may think proper to destine 
them in. 

I am glad to hear the 22 pounders are to be removed, 
& that I have a good prospect of finding a capable man 
to make a new bedd for the mortar, of which I shall be 
at more certainty before noon. I understood Cap* Pear- 
son or some other imediately under your influence 
would have had ambition on this head, & had offerd their 
service, & had I not imagined my proposall on this head 
of consequence to the present important design I had not 
incerted myself therein, & if I have shewn too much zeal 
you'll pardon me. 

I shall comport myself as to the fires necessary to be 
made on the enemy, & the present want of gunpowder, 
if possible to answer your expectation. 

I congratulate you on the prize briggantine, & the 


view I imagine I had of a large French ship the evening 
past following Comodore Warren to Gabbarouge Bay 
will I hope afford you much greater pleasure. 

The four guns I mentiond were the four that point 
on the town ; all the others towards the harbour were at 
the same time loaded as they had been severall days be- 
fore, & a good look out constantly kept, that nothing, I 
hope, will pass us unnoticed. 

This new battery will much insense the town & waist 
their amunition which you'll soon be sensible of. I 
have furnished it with 8 rounds of powder & ball, 
spunges, ramers, ladles, handspikes, &c a , Major Tidcomb 
who I just now left in the works has been very diligent 
therein, & tho they are not so regular & well placed as if 
directed by an engineer will, I doubt not, answer one, if 
not more, good purposes. The spott they are at present 
to be employed in is an emminence a little westward of 
M. Martizant's. 

I shall soon be able to lett yo r Hon r know what the 
Frenchman says on the sev 1 heads you mention ; he 
thanks God he is here, & says the people of Louisbourg 
expected nothing else when he left it but to be taken ; 
that no regular troops are expected from France. I am, 
Hon ble Sir, 

Y r most obed fc serv\ 

S. Waldo. 

Royall Battery, 21° May, 1745, 3 o'clock in the morns 


On his ^[<<j<'sties Service. To the Hon hle Lieu' Generall Pepperrell, 
Comander in Chief of his Ma) est y's Forces in the Expedition against 

Hon ble Sir, — Since I wrote this morning I have en- 
deavoured to have the satisfaction for y r Hon r from the 
French prisoner as you desired. He denys his haveing 

1745.] LETTEKS. 199 

said that the Indians took the sacrament that they 
would give no Englishman quarter, & says the Gov r 
would not countenance any such thing, but that they 
have priests of their own. As there is by their proceed- 
ings too much reason for this suggestion, and as they all 
act under com 8 from the Gov r of Louisbourg, he is account- 
able for their inhumanity & breach of faith. 

The explosion on the day you landed, he says, was in 
the middle of the city, & says also that there was various 
talks about it in the city, & finally that it was perhapps 
the maggazine, which I believe you may depend it was, & 
that the number of the dead since our landing & of sick 
& wounded in the hospitall being 500 according to his ace* 
must be in no small measure occasiond by this accident. 

I have the pleasure to inform you from the said 
prisoner's account w ch I hope & believe is true that the 
soldiery in the city are greatly dissatisfied & would give 
it up, often refuse their duty, that the inhabitants com- 
pell them thereto, that frequent duelling happens on this 
account, one of which last Sunday one of our people saw 
from one of the towers of this garrison. I apprehend the 
silence of the town this day is occasiond hereby, & that 
vigorous resolutions will be speedily taken for reduceing 
the enemy before any succours can arrive to them. 

I car d over Cap* Rhodes, with Col Noble & Gorham to 
view the guns yesterday evening at the light house side, 
& they report as follows, viz*. 

4 of 18 pounders fitt for service 

2 of 9 irregular 

1 between 9 and 12. ditto 

3 of 6 

The four first, for which we have, I apprehend, sizeable 
shott, may be of service if carriages, which w T ill take 
some time, could be made. I have only one carpenter 
here at present, who is mending the p'lattform ; would it 
not be best to send out for Bushes guns rather than make 


carriages for these? but as the latter is your order I'll 
endeavour when the carpenters can be had, & other 
affairs of more absolute necessity does not prevent, to 
keep them employed in this service. 

I have the two shallops ready to go out with y e fish to 
Comodore Warren, but no proper persons to intrust the 
conduct thereof with. Please to favour me with your 
orders on this head. 

I have since my last supplyed Maf Tidcomb with 11 
rounds more of powder & shott. You know well my 
poverty in this respect to the former, and for the latter 
there remains now not quite 40 rounds in this garrison, 
so you'll please to order those brought from Boston to be 
landed, if not already done. I am now going to the 
bomb battery to view the large bedd, & have only to add 
that I am, Hon ble Sir, 

Y r most obed fc serv*. 

S. Waldo. 

Royall Battery, 21° May (12 o'clock), 1745. 
Gen 11 Pepperrell. 

P. S. I have since the forgoing some soldiers from 
Maj r Tidcomb for shott. Pray lett me know how far I 
may go in supplys to his new battery. I shall not only 
send but call on him soon, & give caution not to fire two 
shott at a time. I shall now make up the number, with 
what deliverd before, 50 rounds of shott & the like 
quantity of powder if required, & shall lett the Major know 
I can go no further without orders from the Gen 11 , wdiere- 
fore pray signifie your pleasure on this head. Hon ble Sir, 

Y r obed fc seiV. 

S. Waldo. 

All my large scout are returned, & have not mett with 
any of the hundred men from Louisbourg. They trackt 
about that number steering their course towards the back 
of your camp or Gabbarouge. As they have burnt all 

1745.] LETTERS. 201 

the vessells they could meet with in their march & all 
along the shoar, as they say, it will be difficult for the 
enemy to escape. I hope they will be diligently followed. 
The scout have taken thirteen prisoners, of whom I send 
y r Hon r seven, the rest are behind; of the seven the villain 
of a doctor who caused our men to be murdered is one, 
& one an Irishman who willingly fell into our hands, he 
will speak for himself. 

Gen 1 Pepperrell. , 

P. S. The Irishman, who has enlisted in Cap* Noble's 
company to help y e vacancy, acquaints me of about one 
hundred men at Iguish that may be easily taken, haveing 
neither arms, amunition or provision. It may there- 
fore, I apprehend, be adviseable to send, when other more 
generall affairs will admitt of it, to send one of our cruiz- 
ing small vessells there, & this honest (I hope) Irishman 
will conduct them to the spott. I wish y r Honour 303^ in 
Coinodore Warren's success, & am Y r Hon r ' 8 
Most obed fc seiV. 

S. Waldo. 

Royall Battery, May 21°, 1745, one o'clock, p. m. 
Gen 11 Pepperrell. 


Camp, May 21 st , 1745. 

S R , — I have just receiv'd from you the agreeable news 
of your having taken the Vigilant, a French man of war 
of 64 guns, on w ch heartily congratulate you, & w ch I 
esteem a happy omen of our success against Louisbourg. 
As we have already manned Rous out of the transports, 
& there not being left more than four men in each vessell, 
they can be of no great security to prisoners, unless they 
are put in irons. How to secure all the prisoners I cannot 
say, with* you will be pleas'd to order" the Rhode Island 
ship or snow or Cap* Snelling ; some of them you may 


order on board Smithers w ch he may carry w th him to 
Boston, as Gov r Shirley desires he may be sent to guard 
the coast of New Eng d . If they are put in irons he may 
take a considerable number on board, as may the Ehode 
Island ship, snow, or Snelling. I will endeavour to do 
all in my power to assist in manning the ship. I this 
day rec d a letter from Cap* Cutter, the commandant at 
Canso, who informs me that on the 15 th current two 
schooners w ch I sent out some time ago to fish discovered 
a hirge ship off Canso standing eastward with a small 
schooner in tow. You will be best able to judge whether 
it was the ship w ch you have taken or another. My pos- 
itive orders to the fishing schooners w ch I sent out were, 
immediately to give you notice of any ships they might 
discover, w ch am surpriz'd they did not observe. 

Y rs , &c. W. P. 

To the Commodore, &c. 


Chappaku Bay, May 21, 1745. 

Honered Sur, — I have sent two sconers of to Cap* 
Warrin, laden with wood and water, and last night put 
thirty hhd 3 of water on board Cap fc Tyng, which is all 
the cask we have, exept what is on board the sloops 
that yu orderd for fier ships, which have the value of 
fifte hhd s of water and sum wood on board each, and 
have sent them down to you for the whalle boats, for thar 
is non hear. Sur, all the wood at this place is got of. 
Sur, I waterd Cap* Tomson and Cap* Sneliug and the Rod 
Island sloop out of the transports the day tha arived, 

* Thomas Sanders, of Gloucester, Mass. He was born in 1704, and died October 24. 1774. 
lie was for many years in the service of the Province as commander of a government vessel, 
and took a conspicuous part in the Louisbourg expedition. See Babson's Hist, of Glou' 
cester, pp. '241, 242 ; Ancestry and Descendants of Sir Richard Saltonstall, p. 185. ---Eds. 

1745.] LETTERS. 203 

for the sea was so large that we culd not get any from 
the shor. I have sent Cap* Daget down with all the 
remains of the powder and ball that I can find in the 
flet. Remain 

Yur Honer's humle & obident serv*. 

Tho s Sanders. 


Hon ble Sir, — I have yonr favour in answer to mine of 
three this morning, & am very glad that y r Hon r has any 
pleasure in the late occurrences. I would most gladly 
add every thing in my power to contribute therto, & 
had it not been for the alarm from your camp & the 
appearance of an engagement from the neighbouring 
hills, I had carryd an artificer to have undertaken the 
bomb bedd this afternoon. I have orderd a sally to inter- 
cept the enemy in their retreat, headed by my Lieu* 
Col , which will keep me here till his return. He had 
with him about 165 brave fellows, who if it be possible 
will give you a good account of the enemy by to-morrow 
morning, & occasion your own camp to be more quiett 

In case of the entrance of any French men of war into 
the harbour I will endeavour to fitt the fire ships you 
order, but with submission I must begg leave to inform 
you that we have neither navigators, vessells, materialls, 
or workmen equall to such an enterprise, & that men of 
warr will not be so terrify ed at the approach of a deserted 
vessell on fire as the rockey light house clifts were. 
However, it shall be done at the time you order, if men 
to undertake the conduct of them afterw ds will run the 
risque of their necks. 

I shall always keep some of our best men to be in 
readyness to man the guns, & when M r Brooks comes 


shall be able to clo it with more regularity & give you an 
account of the same as soon as possible. 

My people, some of whom with their prissoners are now 
doubtless with you, are notwithstanding their march 
ready & fitt for service, & we shall be ready to afford 
Col Gorham any assistance in our power on the occasion 
you recomend, or any other service for the publick good, 
in which hope shall not have a necessity of troubling you 
for further aids. 

The ten barr 18 pistoll powder are received & shall 
observe the difference between the strength of it & 
cannon. I want cartridge paper & send a person on pur- 
pose for some quantity, which begg you'll favour me 
with, for that the want thereof may be fatall in charging 
our cannon, to want of which only I really think one or 
more of our guns' splitting is owing, besides there is 
great waiste, which our circumstances will not admit of, 
by the charging with ladles. 

Yo r orders about the Island Battery boats, &c a , I will 
endeavour to have executed, & as Gorham's men have 
most leisure & best acquainted with whale boats, I will 
first propose it to them, they excuseing themselves, will 
detach others less acquainted, but would y r Hon r be 
pleased to manifest to Col° Gorham or me your senti- 
ments as to the one or other regiment's doing this duty, 
which by the distance of mine att this time, & the sur- 
prise its probable such an order may be to his, it will be 
of importance to the success of the design. 

I thank you for your congratulation on y e success of 
Comodore Warren. My ideas thereof yesterday were 
not dreams but occular demonstration. My repose for 5 
or 6 nights past was so short as not to allow me that 
indulgence or of anything in my slumbers so pleasant. 
I hope & doubt not everything will end well and to the 
intire joy & satisfaction of your Hon r and all the friends 
of America's Brittish intrest. I wish you soon to see a 

1745.] LETTERS. 205 

happy issue of the expedition, & am with respect & 
esteem, Hon ble Sir, 

Y r most obed* & obl d serv*. 

S. Waldo. 

Royall Battery, 21° May, 1745, 5 o'clock, p. m. 
Gen 1 Pepperrell. 


Boston, May 22, 1745. 

Sir, — On Friday last I had the pleasure to receive 
your packet by Bennett, which has given me and the 
Council and your country the highest satisfaction in your 
conduct, w ch , we hope, will soon compass the reduction 
of Louisburg itself. I doubt not but by this time his 
Maj y ' s ships, the Princess Mary, of 60 gunns, and Hector, 
of 40 gunns, have join'd the Commodore, w ch will greatly 
add to our naval force, and when the Island Battery is 
taken make it strong enough, I hope, to enter the har- 
bour and destroy the batteries within it, especially if 
your eight gun battery should make a breach in the West 
Gate and adjacent works. I should think it would infal- 
libly be over with the enemy upon the entrance of the 
first ship into the harbour, without the necessity of mak- 
ing a storm. But as I hear your battery is near 3 / 4 of 
mile distant from the city, w ch is out of battering dis- 
tance, I doubt it will not make a sufficient impression 
upon the enemy's works unless they are very weak 
indeed. I understand you have 42 lb shott in abundance, 
left by the enemy, and should you want 22 lb shott for 
your battery I sent 346 from the Castle in Gayton to 
supply the Commodore with, instead of 24 lb shott, for his 
lower tier, w ch , I hope, he will be able to spare upon 
your application to him, if you want 'em, as I have desir'd 
him. In the mean time I have sent you another 13 inch 
mortar ; and a spare bed for your other large mortar, and 


50 more barrells of powder. I scarce thought it possible 
for you to have transported your heavy artillery and rais'd 
your batteries so soon as you have. It must have been 
exceeding hard labour, and you must have been very indus- 
trious to compass it. I doubt not but your fire from the 
Royal Battery must have done great execution, other- 
wise you would have reserv'd some of that powder for 
other uses. We have 700 half barrells come in Adams, w ch 
I shall secure, as also all other quantities of it that come 
in, to be ready for the service of the expedition. Scott 
is at last at work upon your large shells, w ch I will send 
to you as soon as I can possibly. I have begun to make 
application for a reinforcement of men, and shall press 
for 'em in the strongest and most expeditious manner. 
You don't mention your sending any vessell express to 
England to apprize the Ministry of your being in posses- 
sion of the Grande Battery. Whether you have done that 
or not, it will certainly be necessary if you take Louis- 
burg instantly to dispatch by two of your cruizers ex- 
presses to the Duke of Newcastle and Lords of Admiralty 
with advice of it. I hear y t Monsieur Duvivier is mak- 
ing strong sollicitations in France, and has obtain'd the 
promise of 2000 troops and four ships to attack Annapolis 
Royal. But I have the strongest reason to think by my 
advices from England y t Brest is block'd up with a strong 
squadron of British ships, w ch will keep the enemy both 
from distressing Annapolis Royal and relieving Louis- 
burg. It is certain y t 6 or 700 French and Indians from 
Canada are now at Menis near the garrison, and w r e have 
advice of 2 mortars and small arms for a number of men 
having been landed at Schiegnecto, and y t the enemy 
have 12 officers, a surgeon, and an engineer, upon w ch I 
have propos'd to Commodore Warren the sending of two 
of our cruizers to make the garrison a visit in order to 
deterr the inhabitants of Nova Scotia from revolting and 
joining w th the enemy, w ch I think is the least we can do 

1745.] LETTERS. 207 

in point of prudence, and unless you are in great want of 
an engineer it is a pity to desire any from them. 
Indeed, should you take Louisburg it is absolutely neces- 
sary y* you should have one from 'em. Be pleas'd to let 
Col. Bradstreet know y fc his brother has got a company, 
w ch he is now recruiting for, and will soon raise for New- 
foundland. I am very glad y fc you was so good as to 
make favourable mention of him in your letter to con- 
front the villainous surmizes concerning him w ch are 
infinitely cruel.* I wish you would be as strong and par- 
ticular in your next to me in favour of him as you can 
with justice. Brigadiers Waldo & Dwight, to whom pray 
give my particular service and thanks for their letters, 
have both of 'em been very full in his vindication. I 
would write to both of 'em and to Col. Bradstreet, but it 
is impossible for me to do it at present. The happy 
union between the Commodore and you gives me great 
satisfaction. Should your men know any of your 
schemes, as I presume they do, before they are put upon 
carrying 'em into execution ? 

You may depend upon every thing in my power for 
your support; and I doubt not of the same from home. 
Donahew now waits for this. He is to take your orders 
for the delivery of the mortar, powder, etc. If you don't 
want 'em, they had best be put on board, either the 
Hector or Tyng, as is most convenient. I am with the 
greatest truth and esteem, Sir, 

Your most assur'd and faithfull friend and serv*. 

W. Shirley. 

Hon ble Lieuten* Pepperill. 

* See Records of the Councils of War, ante, p. 19. — Eds. 



Royall Battery, 22 d May, 1745. 
g IR? — I find there will be imediate occasion for the 
whale boats, at furthest by to-morrow night, by w ch time 
the repairs of every one of them, which I've already 
mentioned to you, must be effected, or if they are not 
already done, one moment's time must not hereafter be 
lost. Lett me know the exact number that can be 
depended on, also what number of your men will be 
ready & heartily willing for the attack of the Island 
Battery, who their Captains & other officers, & the 
number belonging to each company who will go (respec- 
tively as to officers & men) that I may accordingly govern 
myself in providing the rest. Lett me know, if possible, 
this evening, or by 11 o'clock this night ; or if an hour 
after is necessary to you, I will be up & ready to attend 
it. I begg the utmost dispatch & your most speedy 
answer & am, S r , 

Y r most humb. serv\ 

S. Waldo. 




Dear Sir, — It is not for want of respect that I have 
not written to you hitherto, but I knew you would have 
trouble enough without my letters ; and I have had so 

* Col. Shubael Gorham was the son of Lieut. Col. John and Mary (Otis) Gorham. and 
was born in Barnstable, Mass., Sept. 2, 1086. He died at Louisbourg Feb. 20, 1745-6. He 
served in the Council of Massachusetts in 1740-43. See Whitmore's Mass. Civil List, 
pp. 50, 57. — Ens. 

t Josiah Willard, son of Rev. Samuel Willard, of the Old South Church, Boston, was 
born May 1, 1081, graduated at Harvard College in 1098, and died Dec. 0, 1750. He was 
Secretary of the Province from June. 1717. till his death. See Hill's Hist, of the Old South 
Church, jmssim ; Hist. Catalogue of the Old South Church, pp. 317, 318. — Eds. 

1745.] LETTERS. 209 

full an employm* in those affairs which concern you & 
the expedition under your direction that I could hardly 
find time for the common offices & refreshm ts of life. 
I daily bless God for the signal appearances of His 
gracious providence towards you & the Province in 
general in the several stages of the important enterprize 
you are engaged in. But I cannot yet look upon it in 
such a situation as that the harness is now putting off. 
It would be well always to consider ourselves in the 
hands of God, & how easily He can blast our most hope- 
ful expectations, even when our designs are at the very 
moment of their full accomplishment. And I doubt 
not but these are your sentiments, & that agreeably 
hereto you take all possible care to engage the gracious 
presence of God with you, & especially by discoun- 
tenancing & suppressing all impiety & debauchery & 
encouraging vertue & religion among those under your 

I take this opportunity to render you my hearty 
thanks for your favour to my son-in-law M r Winslow, 
especially in assigning the care of subsisting the com- 
panies raised for us in the province of New Hampshire. 
And I persuade myself that his honesty & capacity for 
business will recommend him to your further favour. 
And if it should please God to deliver the place into y rr 
hand, I must in treat that you would put M r Winslow 
into such business there as you shall judge suitable for 
him. His circumstances in the world obliging him to 
enter upon a kind of new state of life ; and I believe with 
your favour he may make such business there, thro the 
help of his friends at Boston and Great Britain as will be 
as advantageous to him as any that can at present be 
thought of. 

Please to give my kind respects to all my good friends 
among you. That the Divine Providence may crown all 
your laudable attempts for the good of your countrey, & 



breaking the power of its enemies, with full success is the 
sincere desire & prayer of, dear Sir, 

Your unfeigned friend & humble servant. 


Boston, May 22, 1745. 


On his Majesties Service. To the Hon ble Lieu 1 Generall Pepperrell. 
Att the Camp before Louisbourg. 

Hon ble Sir, — I have rec d the six barr 18 powder you 
orderd ; the new battery shall not fail of a supply as long 
as that or the ten barr ls rec d yesterday lasts. I have given 
out the whole in cartridges & shall continue so to do. 

The affair of the bomb battery, which is certainly 
capable of doing great execution & giveing the enemy the 
greatest distress, I have long had at heart; & according 
to your leave & order went over thither this morning & 
took a view of all the batterys ; at that of the bombs I 
saw M r Reller, who told me their silence was for want 
of cannon powder, no other being suitable; and that no 
delay at such a chrysis as I take this to be should happen 
on that account I offerd him all I had, & brought with 
me some of his men, by whom sent him two barr ls , which 
hope he will make a good use of, tho by a blast in that 
quarter which I lately discover'd from hence I fear some 
damage is done. 

There is not from the service of our fusiliers any great 
annoyance by any guns pointed at the West Gate battery ; 
the only impediment that greatly affects them is the 
bombs, which this battery was yesterday a great check 
too, having silenced one of them all y e latter part of the 
day, and rendred the three new ambursiers useless for a 

The last battery lying very near me is what their 
resentment seems to be chiefly pointed at, & they fre- 
quently vissitt the same with their shott & shells. I cant 
think that another gun therein is at present absolutely 

1745.] LETTERS. 211 

necessary, as the two they have will burn more powder 
than can be spared them in the present circumstances of 
our amunition. By an ordinary computation they may 
fire with said two guns 18 barr ls T day, but if your senti- 
ments are different from time [mine ?] I am ready, as 
well in this as all other occasions, to obey. These two 
guns carryd to the spott by our battery people should 
not, I think, excuse a whole regiment from duty, when 
scarce twenty men can ever be employd in exerciseing 
them. However, I submit & begg pardon. 

I have as many carriages as good guns ; the one crackt 
at the muzzell is, I think, not to be trusted. Our carpen- 
ters will finish the platforms this evening in this garrison, 
& unless more important affairs takes them of, I intend 
to employ them to-morrow in making carriages for the 
]8 pounder French cannon. 

I am endeavouring to putt in execution your order 
about the langrage shott, to be fired at 10 & 12 o'clock 
this night, & if possible I will have a third fired at 11 
o'clock. I dont perceive they make any attempt to 
repair that Gate. I doubt not the dissatisfaction between 
the inhabitants & soldiery runs high, but for a reason why 
we have no deserters I am at a loss. 

The matter of the Island Battery, I have in the most 
pressing manner wrote Col Gorham about it. Copy is 

I observed a large ship from the westward to have 
joyned the Comodore, & a French small barque among 
the convoy I suppose another prize. I wish the gentle 11 
gone aboard the Comodore may with him take the most 
vigorous resolutions, which hope will be accordingly exe- 
cuted. I will attend you in any comand, without which 
duty will not dispence the absence from home of, Hon b!e 
Sir, Y r most obed* & obl d serv*. 

S. Waldo. 

Royall Battery, 22° May, 1745, 6 o'clock, p. m. 
Gen 11 Pepperrell. 



On his Majesties Service. To the Hon ble Lieu* Gen 11 Pepperrell, att 
the Camp before Louisbourg. 

Hon ble Sir, — In order the more effectually to secure a 
suitable number of good men for the service of the night 
I have engaged Cap* Dumaresq & Cap* Rhodes to vissitt 
the other regiments & engage what men they can find 
that are suitable. I find by the proceedings of the Island 
Battery people they expect an attack there & are now 
building a fascine battery on the back of the island. I 
am, Hon ble Sir, 

Y r most obed. hum. serv*. 

S. Waldo. 

23 May, 1745. Royall Battery, one o'clock, p. m. 

I will insist on one hundred men out of Hale's regim* 
& write C. Richmond for 50 or 100 more. S. W. 

I have insisted by my letter to Col Gorhain on at least 
100 men out of his regiment. Since writing the above 
I've y r plan which shall endeavour vigorously to execute. 
M r Shaw is the bearer hereof. I can't yet find Cap* Hodge, 
shall enquire him out & send him if here. 

Some of Col. \tom~\ men are in town, say y r camp. 
Pray [toni] them. I have stopped him from going, on 
promising him an equall half of all the rum. I am going 
to the boats, & will spend the rest of y e day & eveing in 
having all matters well prepared. 

Col Noble is ready, & I have taken & shall still take 
all possible care to gett the boats in readjmess & time all 
matters as proposed, & I hope all the regiments proposed 
will be as well pleased with him as mine are. 

The word is King George, I suppose. Answer, — For 
ever. If otherwise, pray lett it be known to me. 


1745.] LETTERS. 213 


On Ms Majesty's /Service. Lieut 1 ' General Pepper ell, &c. 

Superb, the 23 d May, 1745. 

Sir, — I have your favour of this date, with y e plan of 
this night for attacking the Island Battery. Wee shall 
be ready on our parts with, I hope, upwards of 200 sea- 
men in our boats. Inclosed I send you a list of the 
number of marrines in all the ships that you may send 
us as many men to supply their places. I will order 
Snelling and the Road Hand snow to gett ready to go to 
Boston with prisoners, but they cant take all, and I think 
I shoud take men out of Snelling to assist in manning the 
Vigilant. I beg you'l take the best care you can of my 
marrines, and I assure you I will do the same to y e men 
you send in leu, which will make no addition to the ex- 
pence of the Province ; nor shall the victualing of any 
prisoners taken by y e King's ships and sent in the Colony 
vessels be any expence to them. I am much 


P. Warren. 


Hon ble Sir, — Last night at half an hour after seven I 
rec d a letter signed by M r Secre 7 Green adviseing your 
sentiments of the agreeableness of the season for the 
attacking the Royall Battery.t The night oweing to the 
moon & the northern lights was not so agreeable as may 
happen the ensuing one, and the appearance of small 
detachments of men without officers was much less pleas- 
ing, many of which only under the conduct (not influence) 
of a sarjeant & many others only centinells without any 

* Apparently the whole of this letter is in the handwriting of Commodore Warren. -- 

t An obvious mistake for Island Battery. — Eds. 


officer of any kind, & not a few of them noisy & in liquor. 
This matter should be undertaken & prosecuted with the 
utmost coolness ; & if officers as well as men would appear 
therein, especially to head their men, good consequences 
might, I doubt not ensue, & the same men being putt 
under direction of strangers must create utmost confusion, 
all w ch I submit to your own sentiments & giveing orders 
accordingly to officers, &c a . 

In the absence of Col Gorham I was last night attended 
by Maj r Thatcher, who brought me a list of the companys 
& boats. The people who appear in this regiment willing 
on any account to engage herein are by the s d Major's 
list fourteen, which with himself make fifteen. It seems 
they are discouraged from an apprehention that the enemy 
are apprised of the design & prepared for them. Col 
Hale's regiment many of them plead excuse from duty on 
account of the new battery. Severall men w T ere detached 
from them last night contrary to their will, of w 7 hich sort 
no doubt many may be found, but these are not the proper 
persons for this design. I fear that shall not be able to 
gett above 50, 60 or at most 100 men out of this regiment. 
I appointed them & all others that incline for this expe- 
dition to be with me at 11 or 12 o'clock this clay with 
their officers, that they might choose their boats, fix their 
crews, paddles, &c a ; by Maj r Thatcher's account 30 boats 
were in good order. I have order'd all the rest that are 
here to be fixed up, & sent ab* 10 men of my regim* who 
are acquainted with the buisness to join the Cape Codd 
carpenters herein. Col° Gorham promised to be with me 
this morning & lett me know the full number he could 
procure. I wish his influence & activity therein answer 
the design of raising this regiment. Yo r Hon r must be 
sensible hereby that little dependance can be had on the 
above two regiments, & as my whole regiment are not, if 
their spirritts were better than their neighbours, equall in 
number to this occasion, nor is the force of this whole 

1745.] LETTERS. 215 

battery so many in number as were originally intended 
for this design, wherefore y r Hon r have g proposed the 
sending me such further assistance from your own or other 
camps as is necessary to compleat the affair, I now apply 
accordingly, & desire you'll issue your coinands, and that 
I may know whether stragling fellows, some 2, others 3, 
4, & 7 out of a comp a , should go on this design. I am 
firmly of opinion that such without any officers belonging 
to them will be a disservice. The pilotts also, none of 
whom except Cap* Hodge has appeared, must be here on 
the spott & in readyness. Cap* Card & his company, Eld r 
Harman & his, Cap* Terry & his 100 men, also the men 
who would have gone with Cap* Pierce, would be the most 
likely to be serviceable herein, but any companys you 
think well of may probably do as well. Col Chadler said 
if he went he could raise 100 men out of his regiment. 
As the intended attack is to be to-night I shall be impa- 
tient till I see the people here in an orderly maimer, & 
fixed in their boats before night. You may please to 
comand 100 or 150 or all the men out of this garrison, 
which, notwithstanding the representations made to y r 
Hon r to the contrary, has done & daily do harder duty, & 
more of it, than any in the army. There has not any 
thing yet been undertaken or effected but they have been 
principall actors, especially in the laborious part, and its 
a great discouragement to officers who have served well 
to be reputed inactive, &c, not to say worse. People less 
active would raise their own reputation by traduceing their 
betters. Yo r Hon r will, I hope, timely discover who are 
& who are not the most zealous & active in the publick 
service. The granado shells & the pow 7 d r canteens & 
match prepared ab d Cap* Rouse with all the granadeers 
will be necessary ; the quantity of ladders w ch we have 
here will, I suppose, be sufficient. The least quantity of 
men I can think equall to this undertaking is 400, & if 
you would have the attempt go on with a less number 


pray manifest it, and it shall att all hazards be undertaken. 
Pray lett me know whether I am absolutely to comand 
any of Col Gorham's, or any others, to go on this expedi- 
tion, as M r Green writes. As to my haveing an oppor- 
tunity of displaceing officers, I don't expect it, as they 
don't or won't appear. I am greatly surprised at Gor- 
ham's not coming to me according to my orders & his 
promise. However, the compleating the boats is going 
forward. This affair is of that importance & of the last 
consequence that I have orderd the bearer to attend y r 
answer, & I shall endeavour to execute your orders. As 
to the present spirrits of my own regim 1 you'll know in 
y e close hereof. I am, Hon ble Sir, 

Y r obed* humb. serv*. 

S. Waldo. 

Royall Battery, 23 d May, 1745. 

Gen 11 Pepperrell. 


To the Honourable W m Pepperill, Esq r , Generall of y 6 Army at 
Cape Britton. 

Boston, May 24 th , 1745. 

Honour ble S R , — I am enformed by my son M r W m 
Winslow of your great respects to him in appointing him 
comissary of the troops belonging to Hampshier in the 
pro. pay, for which I give your Hono r my hearty thanks. 
I hope and believe he will behave in all dutifull regards 
to your Hono r and all his superiour officers, and by his 
care recomend himself so that it may be introductory to 
farther favours when there may be oportunity for it. I 
want words to express the obligation I am under to your 
Hono r for y e notice you have taken of him already. If 

u a 

* Edward Winslow was born in Boston in 1GG9, married a daughter of Rev. Josh 
Moody of the First Church, and was a prominent citizen of Boston, being Colonel of the 

regiment and Sheriff of the county. lie had two sons at Louisbourg. See N. E. Hist, and 
Gen. Keg., vol. xvii. p. 100. — Eds. 

1745.] LETTERS. 217 

it should pleas God to prosper your undertaking, I am 
proun to think he will encline to tarrey there, provided 
he may have your Honour's favour for it. I dare engage 
for his fidelity. We are longing to hear of farther suck- 
sess, and cant but be thankfull for what we hear from 
your army, &c. These with my most hearty wishes for 
your saifty and prosperity is y e needfull from, S r , your 
Hono r ' s 

Most obedient humble serv*. 

Edward Winslow. 

For the Hono ble W M Pepperill, Esq r . 


Boston, May 25, 1745. 

Sir, — The inclos'd are copies of advices which I re- 
ceiv'd yesterday in the afternoon from Annapolis Royal, 
to which I have to add that the inhabitants of Nova Scotia 
begin, as T suspected they soon would, openly to counte- 
nance and assist the enemy, who I hear are 8 or 900 in 
number, and have begun to make regular approaches to 
the garrison by breaking ground at the distance of about 
two muskets' shot'from it, in full expectation of M r Duvi- 
vier's arrival (no doubt) from France in a short time with 
troops and ships. It seems therefore absolutely necessary 
that they should have at least one of our twenty gun 
ships and arm'd vessells of less force sent 'em without loss 
of time for their countenance and protection, and to open 
a communication between the garrison and this Province, 
which is at present entirely block'd up. Tyng, I believe, 
would do best for the large ship and Donahew for the 
smaller arm'd vessell, if they are at hand to be sent, unless 
your circumstances are such at Cape Breton that you can 
safely spare a forty gun ship or Capt n Gayton. But this 
must depend upon your circumstances' there ; only I beg 
that at least two of our cruizers may go to the garrison's 


assistance without delay, if Gay ton or another of the King's 
ships cannot be spared. I shall in the mean time endea- 
vour to persuade Major Aldridge to send to their assistance 
the Canso troops, which are now reduc'd to about 43 effec- 
tive men, in an arm'd vessell from hence sufficient to retake 
or destroy the sloop and schooner the enemy have taken. 
I am also in hourly expectation of the arrival here of 170 
recruits from England, but am in pain for their expected 
storeship lest she should proceed directly to Annapolis 
Bason without convoy or first coming hither. I should 
have observ'd to you that the guns mention'd in Gov r 
Mascarene's letter are only two three pounders and some 
swivels. However, it is necessary, if possible, that the 
vessells taken by the enemy, as also the guns, should be 
retaken or destroy'd at least. 

In answer to the letters I sent to the governments of 
New England pressing for a reinforcement of men, I have 
receiv'd from Govern r Wentworth that he will use his best 
endeavours with his new Assembly, which is to meet the 
5th of next month; from Rhode Island Governour that 
he will use his with the Assembly of that Colony, which 
sits to-morrow ; and from the Governour of Connecticut 
that the Assembly of that Colony have voted two com- 
panies of 100 men each, exclusive of commission officers, 
to be rais'd instantly ; and as I have promis'd in order to 
induce 'em the more readily to raise men that I would 
take care that the troops should be convoy'd to Cape 
Breton, I have desir'd the Como flre to enable me to do it 
by instantly sending away to New London the Connec- 
ticut Colony sloop and one other of our cruizers besides 
Sinethurstand Fletcher, whom I desir'd for the protection 
of our own coasts. I meet our owm Assembly Thursday 

I am assur'd that the 170 troops which I hourly expect 
from England under the command of Capt n Winslow have 
orders to proceed directly to Boston, and there to take 

1745.] LETTERS. 219 

their orders from me, and if I send 'em upon no other 
service, for 'em to proceed from hence to Annapolis Royal. 
If I find I can with any safety to the garrison send 'em to 
Cape Breton I will do it, but I shall be very tender of 
leaving that expos'd to any risque for the want of 'em. 
Since I begun this letter I am inform'd that 400 of the 
Nova Scotians enlisted at Schiegneto and Menis in the 
enemy's service, and have been training all this winter 
under officers from Canada. It grieves me much that I 
have it not in my power to send a party of 500 men forth- 
with to Menis, and burn Grand Pre, their chief town, and 
open all their sluices, and lay their country waste at the 
back of their camp, which might be done with such a 
number in a night's time. But if it pleases God that we 
succeed at Cape Breton, I doubt not but we shall settle 
Nova Scotia upon a better foot for the future. 

Three parts in four of the men which come up with the 
small prizes are lost here by scattering up and down, and 
neglecting to return, which creates a great deal of trouble 
as well as loss. It might therefore be as well for the 
future to keep your very small prizes at Canso 'till we can 
better spare the men that are sent up in 'em from the 
service, the loss of whom is of more consequence than 
these little prizes after the charge of condemnation is 
deducted. I must recommend Interpreter Bean's son of 
George's and an Indian which comes with him to your 
favour. The Indian is, I am assur'd, of some note in the 
Penobscot tribe, as he is related to the sachem, and is a 
man of interest among 'em. He is a voluntier in his 
Majesty's service under my protection. Your distinguish- 
ing him properly and kindness to him may be a means of 
engaging more of his tribe to follow his example. I am, 


Your faithful friend and humble servant. 

W. Shirley, 

Lieut. Gen 1 Pepperill. 



By Peter Warren, Esq r , Commander in Chief of his 
Majesty's ships and vessells employ'd & to be employ'd 
in North America to the northward of Carolina. 

Whereas it has been agreed upon, at a consultation of 
sea officers held on board his Majesty's ship Superbe, the 
25 May, 1745, to go into Lewisbourg harbour in order to 
attack the town with all his Majesty's ships of warr and 
Collony cruizers, if the General will put sixteen hundred 
men on board, six hundred of them for the Vigilant, the 
rest to be distributed among his Majesty's ships, and 
that all the transports, schooners, and other vessells in the 
pay of the government of New England go into the N. 
E fc Harbour at the same time. 

You are therefore hereby required and directed when 
I shall hoist a Dutch ensign at my mizen topmast head to 
gett your ship clear & ready in every respect to go into 
the harbour with me and all the ships, in the following 
order of battle, viz*. 

The Hector to lead 




Princess Mary 



Bien Aime 



Boston Packett. 
The Fame, the Shirley, & the Massachusetts to keep on 
the offside, abreast of the three ships that lead, till the 
Hector is anchor'd, then the Fame who is to lead the 
Shirley & Massachusetts is to stretch so farr ahead as to 
leave room for the Shirley and Massachusetts to anchor 

1745.] LETTERS. 221 

between her and the Hector, the Massachusetts to be 
next to the Hector, and the Shirley next to her. 

You are before you go in to put all your booms, such as 
spare topmasts and yards, on board some of the transports, 
and all your boats with their oars and rudders, except one 
yawl, which you are to keep on the off side from the 
enemy, and to barrocade your ship in the best manner to 
save your men from the enemy's small shott, and as a 
great deal depends upon good management in bringing 
the ships to anchor without hurry or confusion, I propose 
to go in with a fore and mizen topsail, and have harbour 
leechlines to them, in order to their being hawld up snugg 
w T hen at an anchor, and have every other sail furl'd be- 
fore we gett in gun shott of the enemy. I wou'd have 
every ship have both his bowers ready to let go, but to 
have his stream cable out of the gunroom port bent to 
the ring of his best bower as a spring, and stopp'd at 
about half a cable, to which you are to vere your best 
bower cable, as 'tis propos'd to ride with our sterns 
towards the entrance of the harbour to prevent being 
rak'd by the enemy in winding, and every ship is to carry 
a jack at the mizen peek, and to haul it down the instant 
she lets go her anchor that the ships astern of her may 
do the same. When you get into the entrance of the 
harbour it will be proper to let your anchor hang a cock- 
bill in the stoppers, by which means it will be the readyer 
to let go, and you are to take care not to let your anchor 
go in shoal water for fear of bilging your ship upon it. 
If it shou'd by any means happen that you shou'd find to 
little water, you are when you let go your anchor to 
shear your ship clear of it if possible. 

I think the best distance wee can keep from each other 
in going in will be about that of a cable and a half, but 
when in and anchor'd to vere so much cable that the fly- 
ing jibb boom of one ship be over the tafferel of the other 
that lead her. No ship is to fire a shott till she is fairly 


anchor'd, then every such ship, finding the smoak of their 
guns will not be a prejudice to the rest, is to use their 
endeavour to annoy the enemy in every shape they can, 
taking care to fire deliberately, and not with hurry or 

When any ship shall hoist an ensign at her mizen peek, 
then her boats are to go immediately from the transports 
they may be on board of to her. And as the Tarter and 
Defence, Collony arm'd sloops, are to be in the N. E fc Har- 
bour with the transports, they are to keep their boats 
ready, with hawsers or small cables and anchors of their 
own, or of any of the transports, in them and to send 
them to any ship that shall hoist her ensign at the mizen 
peek, and w T hen I hoist a Dutch ensign at the mizen peek 
in the day, or three lights one over another in the night, 
all the whale boats with the ladders and all the boats be- 
longing to the King's ships, Collony cruizers, transports, 
& vessells of every kind that are in the N. E fc Harbour are 
to come on board me immediately on the off side from the. 
enemy, mann'd and arm'd, with every soul and those be- 
longing to the Tarter and Defence, Collony sloops of 

All the Collony cruizers and transports, &ca., are 
hereby strictly order* d to follow my directions herein 
and in every other shape I shall order, upon pain of be- 
ing punish' d by martial law, to which they are liable, and 
any of them that shall not go into the N. E fc Harbour of 
Lewisbourg when I go to attack the town with the ships 
shall be deem'd as cowards and tray tors to their country 
and as such be punish'd with death, unless they shall 
have orders from me, the General, or some other person 
authoriz'd by him or me, to perform some other service, 
in which case they shall have an equal right with all the 
people that go in with us to the plunder of the town of 

In case any ship shall be in danger of sinking by the 

1745.] LETTERS. 223 

enemy's shot, they are to hawl on shore on the side of 
the Grand Battery, and use all their endeavours to save 
their powder, ammunition, and arms of all kinds and their 

Every ship having her stream anchor, and a good 
hawser bent to it, hanging over her tafferel may be of 
great use. 

All other necessary preparations, as circumstances may 
vary, are left to the discretion of the officer commanding 
each ship. 

All the ships of warr and Collony cruizers to have one 
third of their number of men ready to land, properly 
arm'd, when I shall order boats for them. 

If the ships going in judge that the smoke of their 
guns will not put them in confusion nor darken the 
entrance (which I believe it wont if the wind be to the 
northward of the E fc ) then in that case every ship may fire 
a broadside in passing at the Island Battery, taking care 
that the people quarter' d at the anchors, cables, and sails 
do not, by any means, leave that service, and proper 
officers are to be directed to see those people plac'd. 

Every officer or private man who shall distinguish him- 
self upon this occasion shall be rewarded by preferment, 
or otherwise, as they shall deserve. 

P. Warren. 


Hon blb Sir, — According to your comands I this morn- 
ing sent out a scout of 160 men under Cap* James Noble, 
whose orders were to go to M. Duvivier's farm at Mera, in 
order to secure the Frenchmen there & recover the 
English prisoners, & have g since I saw y r Honor the last 
evening a tollerable good account from the captive you 
were pleased to send over to me of a probability of recov- 
ering the Manchester boy (one Lee) who was the only 


person not murtherd out of a schooner's crew, I orderd 
the scout to make their progress accordingly & to secure 
wha[t] French familys there was in the village where 
this boy is, & in their inarch to take effectuall care to 
drive all the live stock, consisting of black cattle & sheep, 
either to your Honour's camp or to this fortress, and to 
burn & destroy all shallops & other vessells they might 
meet with in the severall coves or harbours to prevent 
the usuall supply of fish & other provisions going to the 
besieged, and I am in hopes if the French boy who is 
with y e scout is faithf till to give your Hon r a good account 
of their proceedings. 

I have also been over to the light house side, where 
have found a very convenient place for erecting a fine 
battery to the seaward, which may mount 20 or 30 guns, 
& greatly annoy if not effectually prevent the entry of 
any ships into this harbour, if proper cannon can be 
found or spared for this purpose, and a flank or bastion 
to y e said battery may be made that will mount 4 or 5 
guns that will rainge the Island Battery, & greatly annoy 
them in the fires they make against us, but as the effect- 
ing this battery will be a work of some time & y e ap- 
proaches thereto are greatly exposed to the enemy's fire, 
1 have determined as Col Gorham's regiment have leisure 
enough that they this evening & the ensuing night thro 
up another about northwest of y e light house (that first 
proposed being on the southeast thereof) which will 
greatly annoy the Island Battery, being the best situated 
in my poor apprehention for that purpose; and as I have 
enjoyned Col Gorham to proceed therein this night, and 
their works will doubtless be discoverd by the enemy in 
the morning they may enduce the enemy to think there 
is no hazard of executing y e proposed surprise by our 
boats, &c a , in the night, which from the view this day 
taken of it may be easily & very securely effected, — I 
mean with loss of few or no men. Sh d this intended 

1745.] LETTERS. 225 

attack go on, I submit it to y r Hon r whether it would not 
be best early in the evening before such attack to order 
the approach of a number of troops, ladders, &c a , towards 
the West Gate on the north part of the town walls, 
which may occasion the calling in some aids from y e 

The French gentle, who is here a prisoner gives me 
very satisfactory accounts of the execution done by y e 
cannon fro this battery against the enemy. He affirms 
that one shott of ours killed & wounded fourteen men. 
Other feats you have already heard of, that could this 
battery be supplyed with a proper quantity of amuni- 
tion and a brisk fire be made to-morrow from hence, 
as well as the two gun West Gate & bomb battery, it 
would greatly distress the inhabitants to whom only its 
owing that the city holds out so long a siege. My 
powder in order to silence the enemy's bombs is now 
quite exhausted, but as I doubt not of a supply hereof 
to-morrow morning, if not this evening, from the hundred 
barr ls your Hon r orderd yesterday from the Vigilant 
prise. My people want twine or thread to make cart- 
ridges, or glew to mix with flour for paiste to answer the 
same service, & there not being to my knowledge a 
proper officer to apply to for this service I doubt not 
you'll excuse my mentioning it to y r Hon r . 

On the light house side are already haled out of y e 
water 21 cannon of different bores, the largest being an 
eighteen pounder; there are about 11 or 12 more in the 
water w ch appear to be much larger, & I think some of 
them may be 32 pounders, but as no shott can be found 
in any of our stores suitable for them I fear it will be 
some time before we can make use thereof, should they 
be found serviceable. Gorman, the armourer, has been 
at work cleansing the guns, & I proposed before they are 
haled to have them proved. The carpenters comp a go on 
slowly in making carriages for the 18 pounders. My 



carpenters have been employed this whole day in repair- 
ing the whale boats which y r Secretary in his letter just 
this moment deliverd me gives me to understand there 
may be occasion for this night. I wish success to the 
design which had it been accompanyd with a more regu- 
lar appearance would have given me greater satisfaction. 
I hope, however, should they proceed God will grant 
them success. The adventurers seem to be impatient in 
all appearance for some action. The absence of almost all 
my well men will prevent my sustaining them in the 
attack should it be found necessary. Should their num- 
bers come short of the one proposed by y r Hon r , I'le 
endeavour to detain them here till Monday evening, 
when doubtless additions of people of more consequence 
than these appear to be will be made to them. I am, 
with much respect, Hon ble Sir, 

Yo r most obed* & most obl d humb. seiV. 

S. Waldo. 

I want shott of 42 lbs , which pray order when the Bos- 
ton ones are landed. 

Royall Battery, 26 May, 1745, 7 o'clock in y e evens. 

I have wrote a line to Cap* Brooks & Lieu* Morgan to 
tell them the attempt against the Island Battery is pro- 
posed by many adventurers to be caryed on this even- 
ing, & not on the morrow, & desire they'll, if possible, be 
in ready n ess to joyn, & if all agree on a chief I shall fol- 
low orders in appointing one accordingly. 

s. w. 

The IIon ble Lieu 1 Gen 1 Pepperrell. 

1745.] LETTERS. 227 


Canso, May 26, 1745. 

Hon b Sir, — I wrote y r Hon r by Cap* Hammond the 
19 th inst., that we had but 90 flints for 90 men on this 
island, except those in our firelocks, nor more than 3 (f 
weight of musquet bullets & those chiefly too small for 
our pieces, nor any swan shott ; & beg leave also to 
inform y r Hon r that we have but a fortnight's provision, 
it being y r Hon r,s order that I should stop out of the 
store vessells but one month's allowance, it being a 
fortnight since I received the last stores by Cap* Brad- 
ford ; & Cap* Beckett says he is reduced to the same 
short allowance of provisions. Therefore, pray that y r 
Hon r would please to order us both a sufficient supply of 
provisions, having no vessell in the harbour but his fit to 
put to sea on any emergence, & he being unwilling to 
tarry longer without provisions ; & that y r Hon r would 
please to order me a supply of ammunition ; & I am the 
more earnest in my request because Cap* Beckett from 
the Isle of Madam, last Wednesday, bro't advice that two 
Frenchmen of Cape Breton had been to Quebec since the 
arrival of y e English in these parts, & that a thousand 
French & Indians were ready to embark for Cape Breton, 
by way of y e Gut of Canso ; & Cap* Newmarch, in seven 
days from Annapolis Harbour, informs that on Sunday 
last, passing from the Bason towards the fort, he was 
attacked by eleven large French canoos full of Indians, 
not less than eighteen in a canoo, who obliged him to put 
about & return, & that there was a French sixty gun ship 
lately in at Liscomb's Harbour. And y r Hon. knows 
my compliment of men is small, their labour great, & their 
duty hard, & that nothing is more discouraging to soldiers 
than shortness of provisions & ammunition, especially 
in so remote a situation as I am placed in. 


On the 23' 1 inst. Cap* Smith bro't y r Hon r ' 8 letter of the 
21 st inst., by whom I had the agreeable news that Com- 
modore Warren had taken the large French ship men- 
tioned in y r Hon r ' 8 letter, which I hope will prove y e same 
that came out of Liscomb's Harbour, & an earnest of y r 
Hon r being in a short time master of y e harbour & city 
of Louisbourg. Ever since these canon were mounted, 
I have kept as many of them as I could pointed against 
the harbour's mouth, & have them in as good order as the 
shortness of our stock of ammunition will allow of, hav- 
ing none but common shott for them, except one box of 
grape. Y r Hon r is pleased to direct me that none of 
our people should go from the island, which I shall 
punctually observe, but must begg leave to represent to 
y 1 ' Hon r that, unless I have some vessell with a sufficient 
number of people allowed to get a quantity of ranging 
timber, these works must cease, there being but one bar- 
rack erected in the square, which when finished will be 
sufficient for one company only and a store room, & the 
other company will be oblig'd to lodge without the garri- 
son 'till timber can be procured for that purpose, there 
being nothing on the island but a few short pickets of six 
or seven feet long, neither fit to build barracks, nor to 
inclose the square withal, & y r Hon r will easily conceive 
so small a number of men lodged in many apartments, & 
fatigued with labour as these troops have been since I 
came to this place, must be very much exposed in the 
night season, notwithstanding the greatest vigilance of 
the officers. I am therefore obliged in justice to myself 
& the troops posted here to repeat my request for more 
assistance in procuring the materials necessary to make 
this place in some measure defensible. For altho' I 
think I should not have been backward to have headed 
my company, had y r Hon 1 * tho't fit, in any attack that has 
been proposed, the Royal Battery & Island Battery not 
excepted, or to take any chance with them in any part of 

1745.] LETTERS. 229 

these woods, yet I can't be contented to be fixed on this 
island with the small number of troops I have, unless I 
can have provided for me, or have the liberty of provid- 
ing for myself, materials sufficient to make it defensible, 
& I doubt not y r Hon r will think there is some reason 
for my uneasiness, if y r Hon r will please to consider that 
by means of the French prisoners placed here, & the 
small distance we lye from the main, it is most probable 
the defenceless circumstances of the place are fully known 
to the Indians as well as French in the neighbourhood, & 
I can assign no reason why they have not attacked us 
already, unless that they are upon greater enterprizes in 
other places. Cap* Beckett in his last cruise landed on 
the island of Magdalen, & burnt eleven houses, but the 
people either discrying him at a distance, or having pre- 
vious notice, had striped the place of all but some doggs 
& a few religious trinketts, which he bro't away, & got a 
few cattle at y G isle of Madam, as he returned, & Francis 
Sambrieux bro't with him his other son. But his wife's 
parents, he says, would not come with him, but purpose 
to come in a boat with some other people in a few days. 
Cap* Beckett purposes to go to Santa Spirit to burn the 
place; but I can't think it safe for this place that he 
should be long absent, unless some other vessell were 
stationed here. I begg leave to remind y r Hon r of y e 
large quantity of cord wood on the island of Madam & 
other places round this Bay, which by the assistance of 
one or two transports under a proper convoy might be 
bro't to this place, where it would be of service to the 
army or to this garrison in case it be continued, and by 
the fires we have lately observed that way is in danger of 
being burnt, if not part of it already consumed. I am, 
y r Hon™ 

Most dutiful & obliged hum. serv*. 

Ammi R. Cutter. 

To Gen 1 Pepperrell. 



S R , — I acquainted Governour Shirley about three 
weeks ago with a party of French & Indians from Canada, 
who with the Indians of this Province made a body of 
seven hundred men, being within a little more than a 
day's inarch from this fort, who accordingly a few days 
after came, & in the night surpriz'd seven of our men 
who, contrary to my orders, had been left in an island a 
league from the garrison, where in the day-time they 
were cutting timber for the repairs of the fort. The 
enemy came soon after about our works, firing after the 
Indian manner, and try'd their fire-arrows for several 
nights at the wooden block-houses & buildings which are 
dispos'd about the fort, but without any great success. 
The greatest mischief they did us was the taking of two 
schooners coming from Boston with private stores. An 
express from Lewisbourg, which, according to the infor- 
mation I have, must have left that place the 1 st or second 
instant, came to call them off, to go, as it is suppos'd, to the 
assistance of Cape Breton. The commander of that 
party, Mons r Marin, had orders to stay at Chignicto, at 
the upper part of our Bay, 'till the arrival of the force 
expected from France for the attack of this place, but 
being overforward he came down & thereb}' has consider- 
ably disappointed those who sent for him. who believ'd 
him still at Chignicto, & therefore much nearer to them, 
k will I hope arrive too late for their assistance. He may 
either try an attack on Canso, or by landing in canoes on 

* Paul Mascarene was born in France, of a French family, in 1684. At an early acre he 
went to Geneva and afterward to England, where he was naturalized in 1706. In 1708, he 
entered the military service, and served with distinction in several campaigns. In 1740 
he was appointed Lieutenant Governor of Annapolis and administered the government until 
1749. In 1758 he was made a Major General in the English army. He died in Boston 
Jan. 22, 1700. See Dictionary of National Biography, vol. xxxvi. pp. 40G, 407; Coll. of 
Nova Scotia Hist. Soc, vol. ii. pp. 22-24. — Eds. 

1745.] LETTERS. 231 

the back of Cape Breton fall on some of the quarters of 
the besiegers. I was preparing an express to advise you 
of it, but at the instance of Governour Shirley for an 
engineer, which I should have answer'd before had it not 
been for a particular limitation the Governour had him- 
self prescrib'd and perhaps forgott, M r Bastide - offering 
himself to go in a vessel keept in the ordnance employ, 
I heartily gave my approbation to it, & orderd him the 
attendance & stores he demanded, being well pleas'd this 
place could contribute some part to the carrying on so 
considerable a service. Our harbour will be quite 
defencless & lyable to the insult of the meanest priva- 
teer. I must referr you to Engineer Bastide, who is well 
acquainted with the state of this place, & the nature of 
its inhabitants, as I am loath to detain him a moment, & 
therefore cannot enter into particulars. I am, with great 
esteem, Sir, 

Your most humble and most obedient servant. 

Annapolis Royall, 27 th May, 1745. P. MASCARENE. 

Hon ble General Pepperel. 


Hon ble Sir, — In complyance with your comandsof yes- 
terday I was ready to afford the Island Battery adven- 
turers all the assistance they required, & furnished them 
accordingly with many necessarys. I am heartily sorry 
the event is according to my fears, which were founded 
on the precipitancy & irregularly of the assailants. The 
number that embarked for this design must be very little 
less than four hundred. I am sensible from what I saw 
at the begining of the attack that the greater part thereof 
never intended to land. 

The scout sent out yesterday is returned with 7 men 
& one woman prisoners ; the two English captives which 


was part of their charge to take care of were conveyed 
by M. Beaubassan a few days ago for Louisbourg. I ap- 
prehend there is a probability of recovering them & two 
shallops sent by that gentle, about which I shall give 
Col Gorham an imediate charge. Inclosed is copy of 
my letter to him of last night that he should endeavour 
to sustain our men in their entry into the Island Battery. 

I have an account brought me that the French this 
morning murtherd some of our men that fell into their 
hands at the Island Battery ; if this be fully proved you'll 
doubtless do yourself justice by demanding the criminells 
of the French Gov r , or executing a proper number of the 
French king's subjects. 

I have only to add that I am going to- the light house 
with Cap* M c Donneld & that Cap* Durrell is sounding the 
channel, & to assure you I am, Hon ble Sir, 

Y r most obed* & obliged humb. serv*. 

S. Waldo. 

Royall Battery, 27 May, 1745. 

I have not two rounds of powder, & not any number 
of men that are able to bring any here. The silence of 
all our batterys after the misfortune of last night is very 
prejudiciall to our intrests. I humbly apprehend we 
ought rather to have doubled our zeal y s way. I informed 
y r Hon r some time ago of the necessity of a good party at 
the West Gate. Y e French will certainly take courage 
from the last night's event, & if they sally, which I every 
morning as duly as it arrives expect to hear of, they'll 
cutt off all that party & spike up y r guns & mortars, which 
will be very inglorious, as well as injurious, to us. Cap* 
M c Donald thinks there is the utmost danger hereof. 

Geii" Pepperrell. 

1745.] LETTERS. 233 


Superbe, off Lewisbourg, the 30 th May, 1745. 

Sir, — I receiv'd your favour of the 28 th instant last 
night by Capt s Durell & Macdonald, who I sent to conferr 
with you, and am glad you intend to come off, with a 
number of your Council, to consider what can be done 
towards the reduction of Lewisbourg. I will give you 
the first opportunity of clear weather, and will call, if 
possible, all my captains together to be present, and give 
their opinions. I believe you find it has been represented 
much weaker then it really is. If it is practicable to 
mount the breach you mention to have made near the 
West Gate, I presume that will be your next step. 

I am very sorry for the miscarriage and loss of men in 
the attempt on the Island Battery. There was as great 
a surfFthe night it was undertaken as T have known here, 
and. I desired Captain Durell to acquaint you, if you 
wou'd lend us your whale boats wee wou'd attempt it 
from the ships the first favourable opportunity, tho I 
must own I think wee ought not to unmann them upon 
any account, as a sea force of the enemy may be daily 
expected, whom wee ought to be in a condition to receive. 

I am much concern'd at the sickness in your camp, and 
wee have our share of it in our ships, and fear it will 

Capt s Durell and Macdonald tells me a battery may be 
made near the light house that will annoy the island one 
very much, and recommend it as one of the greatest 

You will please to send any vessells you think proper 
to Anapolis for the mortar, &ca., you mention, or where 
else you please. 

I wrote to you for your opinion about sending Snelling, 
the Eoad Island ship and snow to Boston with prisoners, 
but have not had any answer. I propose to send Captain 


Gay ton at the same time, and they will be able to take 
all those that belong'd to the Vigilant. 

I am inform' d you have no powder left; it is lackey 
wee had any to supply you. I am told you have an 
Irish boy, lately taken, that lived in the town ; if you 
send him off to me, I will endeavour to pick something 
out of him. 

You may be assur'd, my good Sir, of all the assistance 
that wee can give with our ships in every shape. 

Captain Macdonald informs me that many of the arms 
belonging to your men are very bad, and as there are 
some chests of musquets in the prize, if you approve of 
it I'll perswade the captors to let you have them at a 
moderate price. 

I wish the stores were not at such a distance from the 
batterys, which greatly hinders their firing so brisk upon 
the enemy as they otherwise might. 

I have not heard but a few guns fired from any of 
your batterys this twenty-four hours. I am, Sir, 

Y r most obedient, humble seiV. 

P. Warren. 

L' General Pepperell, &c. 


IIon ble Sir, — On my arrival! at this fortress last evening, 
about 7 o'clock, I found Col Gorham & Col Hale's party 
had returned from y e scout they sett out upon three days 
ago under Col Noble, & brought with them one prison 1 " & 
advice that Col Noble had taken another, & was also com- 
ing in. Att about eleven Col Noble returned w th that part 
of the scout which were drawn out of this garrison, & with 
him brought six soldiers of Beaubassin's party, which by 
examining the prisoners yo r Hon r will have the satisfaction 
of finding they are not only routed, but in great measure 
destroyed, and would you be pleased to order a good hunt- 

1745.] LETTERS. 235 

ing scout to go to Mira where Beaubassin is, & wounded in 
the legg, as some of the prisoners say, if he has not made 
his escape into Louisbourg by water, w ch we hear he made 
severall attempts towards; & Gorham's men saw a shallop 
the night before last come round the light house point. 
However this may be, there remaines a considerable num- 
ber of his men, either French or Indians, in the woods, 
& unarmed as well as scant of provissions, that I humbly 
am of opinion it will be of no small importance to have 
a further scout sent out, w ch will not only, I flatter myself, 
prevent those people's rallying again or joyning any other 
party, but may deter the Indians now on the main from 
coming over to this island, & occasion those who do not 
fall into our hands to quitt this island forthwith, that y r 
camp may be safe & easy, and the enemy (who last night 
burnt all their houses without the N° East Gate) be dis- 
appointed of any recruits from the continent, w ch they 
have, y r Hon r is sensible, been labouring for. Col Noble's 
party brought in also three women, which I shall keep for 
y r further orders. Our men left in the woods severall of 
the enemy wounded, and the prisoners inform that in this 
circumstance & dead is forty of their men, being part of 
the consequence of Col° Noble's meeting them. As you'll 
be able to gather every intelligence by examination of 
the prisoners that I can further offer, I shall only add 
that the severall works here in hand are carrying on, and 
I have wrote Col Gorham by no means to loose this night 
for the effecting his battery. The circular battery near 
the West Gate is very much racked by the cannon of the 
two-gun battery, that there may soon be a large space 
for entry at & near the West Gate. I am, Hon ble Sir, 
Y r most obed* humb. serv\ 

S. Waldo. 

Royall Battery, 31° May, 1745. 
General Pepperrell. 



Superbe, off Lewisbourg, the 31 st of May, 1745. 

Sir, — Captain MacDonald is of oppinion that the 
marines wou'd be of great service on shore, is ready and 
willing to command them, as is every other officer of them 
under his command, and as I wou'd do all in my power 
to contribute to the success of his Majesty's arms, they 
shall be landed from all the ships when you will please to 
send an equal number of your men on board the ships in 
their stead to keep the ships, who are now sickly, in a 
condition to attack any naval force of the enemy that 
may come here : and as the Vigilant will very soon be 
ready to joyn me, I hope you will please to order men 
from the camp and transports to man her, and then if it 
is thought practicable or adviseable for all the ships & 
Collony cruizers to go into the harbour and attack the 
town and batterys, the sooner it is determined upon the 
better, for you see the foggs are sett in to such a degree 
that I can have very little communication with you, nor 
even with the squadron. 

I think the disposition for attacking the town with the 
ships, if it shall be thought practicable, shou'd be made 
while the Vigilant is fitting that no time be lost. 

We are of oppinion that the battery at the light house 
shou'd be carry ed on as soon as possible to annoy the 
Island Battery, Captain Durell informing me, it will be of 
infinite service, as it will greatly facilitate the entrance 
of the ships into the harbour. 

As you see the foggs render it impossible to have a 
frequent communication with you, you, Sir, & your Coun- 
cil might send us off your oppinions, and let us at once 
know what number of men yon will assist us with, if we 
go into the harbour with the ships, as proposed by the 

1745.] LETTERS. 237 

plan sent you, dated the 25 th instant. If you had agreed 
to that, the disposition wou'd have been made, and the 
men from you embark'd the instant the Vigilant cou'd 
have been ready, and as by our plan near three hundred 
of our marines wou'd have been joynd to your troops the 
number that we shou'd have been reinforced by you 
wou'd only have been 1300 men, which number we pro- 
posed to land when proper with a number of our seamen, 
and the whale boats were to come on board of us with y e 
ladders and all the boats of the ships of warr, Collony 
cruizers, and transports from the N. East Harbour, to 
make up as large a body as we cou'd. 

Herewith I send you the disposition I intended to make 
for the execution of our plan, if it had been agreed to, 
and hope as the Vigilant is not ready, tis not yet too late, 
if you yourselves think it practicable and adviseable to 
go into the harbour with the naval force we now have, 
for this shou'd be maturely agreed on for my justification, 
let the consequences be what they will. 

If the guns are to be landed from Bush for the battery 
at the light house, it ought to be considered whether it 
will be most convenient to carry them from the inside or 
outside of the harbour to the battery. If from the inside, 
then I think they had better land them in shallops in the 
night, two or three at a time, who may go in without 
interruption. Collonel Gorum, who, I am told, is at the 
light house, will be the best judge of this. If you please 
to send to him there, as he shall judge, you can act 
properly with Bush ; and if I can give any assistance in 
landing them, you'll let me know, and I will readily do it. 
The carriages and every thing belonging to them shou'd 
be landed at the same time. 

I was glad to hear our people fire very briskly at the 
facine battery this morning. 

I was at anchor within two miles of your camp in hopes 
of seeing you to-day, but the fogg, which gave us a glare 


of about an hour, came on so thick that I soon despair'd 
of that pleasure. I am, with esteem, Sir, 
Your most obed fc serv fc . 

P. Warren. 

Lieu 1 General Peperell. 


P Cap 1 Rous. Camp, June 2 d , 1745. 

S R , — I take this opportunity by Cap* Rous, whom 
Commodore Warren dispatches to know the state of 
Annapolis, to acquaint you that I have been encampt 
with an army from N. E. under my command before 
Louisbourg since 31 st Ap 1 past. In which time we have 
made considerable progress against the enemy, having 
with great difficulty got five batterys of cannon and one 
bomb battery against the town, besides the Royall Bat- 
tery which we are in possession of, and hope soon by the 
blessing of God to be within the walls of the town. We 
have met with the misfortune to split our largest mortar. 
And as I am confident you will most readily contribute 
any thing in your power for his Maj' 8 service in this expe- 
dition, the success of which will so much redound to the 
honour and advantage of our nation in general, and to 
all his Majestie's Northern Colonies & settlements in 
special, and which if successfull may much conduce to the 
future security of Nova Scotia, I take leave to ask of you 
the loan of a thirteen inch mortar & a 7 inch brass mortar, 
with a number of shells for each, if you think it consist- 
ent with his Majestie's service at Annapolis to spare 
them. If you consent to send them Cap* Rous will 
receive them. As we are in great want of engineers, 
which you are sensible it must be impossible to do 
without in our circumstances, think it will be highly for 
his Majestie's service that you send me one of those you 
have with you. M r Cowley I understand is a gentleman 

1745.1 LETTERS. 239 

of merit and next to M r Bastide, and could I have him 
here I (as well as the service) shou'd be highly oblig'd 
thereby. I shall by this opportunity write to that gen- 
tleman upon the affair. 

Y rs , &c. 

W. P. 


P r Cap* Rous. Camp, June 2 d , 1745. 

S R , — I take this opportunity by Cap* Rous, whom Com- 
modore Warren dispatches to enquire of the welfare of 
Annapolis, to pay my compliments to you, and as I am 
confident you will most readily contribute every thing in 
your power for his Majesty's service in the expedition 
against Louisbourg, the honour and advantage of which 
to our King and country you have a just sense of, I 
would acquaint you that I think it will be for his 
Majestie's service and the good of this expedition to have 
M r Cowley's assistance here, we being poorly provided 
with persons experienced in engineering, therefore doubt 
not but you will forward his coming. I design by this 
opportunity to write that gentleman on it. Notwithstand- 
ing the uncouth climate and exceeding great difficulties 
in landing and transporting our artillery, we have got 
several batteries thrown up against the enemy which 
have had considerable success. And hope we shall by 
the blessing of God be soon within the walls. 

Y rs , &c. 

W. P. 

* Mr. Bastide was an engineer, and in 1770 was made a lieutenant general in the English 
army. — Eds. 


P r Cap* Rous. Camp, Jane 2 d , 1745. 

Sir, — As I can make no doubt of your intire readiness 
to contribute all in your power for promoting the success 
of an enterprize of so much importance to his Majesty 
and our nation as the reduction of Louisbourg, and as I 
think it will be greatly for his Maj' s service and the good 
of this expedition to have the direction and assistance of 
some gentleman of approv'd judgment and experience in 
engineering, I take leave to give you this trouble, to 
acquaint you that I shall highly esteem the favour of 
your company here if possible, and doubt not but you will 
thereby merit the thanks of all concerned in the success 
of the expedition, and give you opportunity hereafter to 
reflect with pleasure on your having been assisting in so 
glorious an acquisition as the reduction of Louisbourg to 
the crown of Great Britain. 

Y rs , &c. W. P. 


Camp, June 2 d , 1745. 

S R , — Your favours of yesterday's date I have received. 
Am much oblig'd to you for your care relating the 
powder ; am sorry to find there was a mistake as to the 
quantity said to be on board the Vigilant; hope our 
supply which I hourly expect from Boston will arrive in 
season. I have determin'd immediately to supply six 
hundred men for manning the Vigilant, which shall send 

* James Douglas was born in 1703 and died in 1787. He became a distinguished naval 
officer, rose to the rank of Admiral, and was knighted. In the expedition against Louis- 
bourg he commanded the Mermaid, and was afterward transferred to the Vigilant. He 
served on the court martial wh ; ch tried and condemned Admiral Byng, and was often in 
command on the American coast. See Dictionary of National Biography, vol. xv. p. 332. 
— Eds. 

1745.] LETTEES. 241 

off to you as fast as possible. Am very much oblig'd to 
you for your kind present. Hope I shall have the 
pleasure of seeing you on board Commodore Warren this 
day, whom I propose to wait on to determine upon 
measures for the speedy prosecution of our design against 
Louisbourg. I heartily wish you success in the command 
of the Vigilant. I have sent orders to the Grand Battery 
for M r Mathews to come from thence to go on board,, 
Shall order the proper officers to give a rec* for the 75| 
bbs. powder. 

Y rs , &c. W. P. 


Camp, June 2 d , 1745. 

May it please your Excellency, — Inclos'd is a copy 
of my last T Smith, since which our batteries have been 
employ'd in the best manner the gunners I could here 
pick up & the scantiness of ammunition would admit of. 
Our powder has been some days since expended, as well 
the 100 half barrels sent W Cap* Gay ton as the whole of 
what was first brought from Boston. We are now also 
in want of shott of all sorts, viz*, 42, 22, 18, & 9 pounders, 
of the first of w ch one thous d will be but a scanty supply 
as they will serve for 50 rounds only ; of the 18 pounders 
shall want 2000 at least, as we have already taken up 
6 cannon, 18 pounders, of the enemies w ch were sunk, 
have only 18 or 20 rounds of the former left, and for the 
latter have not four rounds, so that in prudence have 
been oblig'd very much to keep silent our artillery ; of 
nine & 22 pounders have not any left, nor can the fleet 
supply ns. I have borrow'd of Commod re Warren 187 1 
barrels gunpowder, but have not the least encour- 
agem* from him to expect any further supply, so are 



unavoidably oblig'd to press on your Excellency the 
necessity of an ample supply for our future occasions, as 
well as to return M r Warren the quantity borrow' d of 
him. Our large mortar is burst, & another of the 42 
pounders in the advanc'd battery at the West Gate, that 
can your Excellency be pre vail' d w th to spare the large 
mortar from the Castle, I beg it may be immediately 
forwarded, w th shells suitable thereto, and a good sub- 
stantial bed ; the trifling quantity of 80 shells sent with 
that mortar we had the misfortune to burst were of too 
little consequence for such a siege as we are engag'd in, 
as w th proper tendance on the mortar the whole might 
been thrown in ab* 24 hours. And the whole quantity 
of powder short of a quarter part of the supply the emer- 
gency required, and according to the present view I have 
of things the enemy will defend the town to the last ex- 
tremity, & in return your Excellency may depend we 
shall as vigourously push on our parts ; we have made 
many essays for an attack on the Island Battery, in the 
last of w ch ab* 400 of the army were detach'd for that 
purpose, but by the strength of that fortress, & the ad- 
vantage the enemy had of us by their being under cover, 
& our men quite open & expos'd, we were repuls'd with 
the loss of near half our party, either kill'd, drown'd, or 
taken prisoners, that I apprehend no further attempts 
will be made on that fortress by boats ; since this 
misfortune the enemy have doubled their fire on our 
trenches at the West Gate, but to no great advantage on 
their part, we keeping our ground there. I have posted 
a large detachm* for defence of the works, & to prevent 
a sally that might be of ill consequence to us. The 
advanc'd battery, tho' but 200 or 250 yards from the 
wall, would have been 'en now carry'd much nearer but 
that the want of ammunition & able gunners discourag'd 
us from it. Cap* Gay ton arriv'd here the [bkmJc] ult°. 
Understand that the Commodore proposes his speedy 

1745.] LETTERS. 243 

return to Boston with prisoners, &c. Rous is going to 
Annapolis by the Commodore's orders, to know the state 
of that fortress. I wrote by him for the loan of mortars, 
&c, allso to desire M r CowFey's service here, in neither 
of which, as I am told, there is much prospect of my 
being gratified, as it's not impossible, notwithstanding the 
close blockade of this place, that y y may have a visit 
from the enemy this summer. Commodore Warren's 
squadron has some days since been join'd by the Princess 
Mary & Hector; and on the morrow by the assistance of 
600 men I have ordered him out of the army & transports, 
w ch upon Com re Warren's repeated solicitations my Coun- 
cil advised to, as necessary for his Maj' 8 service, w ch will 
have the addition of a fine French prize ship of 64 guns, 
w ch in my last I inform'd your Excellency he was then 
engag'd with, so that I hope he will be able effectually 
to support the blockade by sea. By that prize we learn 
that another ship of like force is daily expected here with 
three store ships from France, w ch hope will fall into his 
hands, w ch if he is able to man her, and the Newfound- 
land ships join the squadron, hope shall be safe at all 
events in that quarter, but for the land service we are 
inferiour in number to any account of the enemy's forces, 
whose not sallying on us hitherto must be owing to their 
apprehension of our being much more formidable than 
we are. We have ab* 1500 sick & wounded men, from 
whom have little prospect of service, so that a reinforcem* 
of near 3000 men is absolutely necessary. Should we be 
so happy as to reduce this formidable place before their 
arrival, they will notwithstanding be most of them nec- 
essary to sustain the town, the Royall & Island Battery s, 
untill his Maj y takes the same under the charge of his 
troops. I have heard nothing of Smithurst since his 
being in bad weather on his passage from S* Ann's. If 
he is well be must be at Boston long before this can reach 
your hands. 


No ship has got into Louisbourg since my last. There 
is a French ship of 30 & another of 26 guns cruizing 
between this & Cape Sables, for want of an entry into 
this port. Wish it were in my power without prejudice 
to the siege to promote any of the ships of war going for 
protection of the New Eng d coast. We are now erecting 
a battery on the light house point to play on the Island 
Battery, & prevent the entrance of any French ships into 
the port, w ch hope in two days will be ready for service. 
Here I purpose to have planted all Bosch's cannon in 
addition to what 18 pounders of the enemy's we have 
found in the N. E* harbour. Some scouts w ch I ordered 
out five days since met w th the party of 100 men of the 
enemy mention'd in my last, who were then joined by 
some of the inhabitants & about 80 Indians ; after an 
obstinate fight of 'above 4 hours we defeated the enemy, 
& pursued them ab* an hour after, when night coming on 
and our men hav g spent all their ammunition & provisions, 
having three or four men slain and 30 wounded (two of 
whom are since dead), return'd bringing in only one 
prisoner, tho' they took all the enemy's knapsacks & 
provis 118 and seven shallops they were ab* to imbark in for 
Louisbourg. The next day two detachm ts , chiefly of the 
same scout, renew'd their pursuit from the Royall Battery, 
who return'd in ab* 18 hours, with 12 prisoners, having 
found many of the enemy dead & wounded. By these 
prisoners' accounts we kill'd & wounded of the enemy's 
party in the first engagem* upwards of 40 men ; among 
the latter their leader De Beau Bassin was one, whether 
lie has reach'd Louisbourg by boats und r cover of the 
night or not is yet uncertain. By a fresh scout out yes- 
terday morning expect to see some further number of i 
the scattered enemy, or that the scout will fall in w th I 
some new party, w ch by the priso rs we understand are 
expected from Bay Verte, Mines, Checkenecta, and S* 
Johns. I have been waiting w th four of my Council for 

1745.] LETTERS. 245 

several days past to have an interview w th Commodore 
Warren, at his desire, on board his ship, but fogs & bad 
weather hitherto prevent our meeting. If it be possible 
to settle w th him a general attack it will be done ; but 
should the event be heavy on the land forces we shall be 
only able to act the defensive part for a while by cover 
of the ships, without a considerable reinforcem* from our 
province & our neighbouring provinces & colonies, who 
had too mean thoughts of the strength, and I wish they 
may not yet of the consequence, of this place to his Maj' s 
Northern Colonies and all his dominions. I had in due 
time your Excellency's favours of 10 & 17 th ult°. Whether 
Col McDonalds will come on shoar to join our forces, or 
enter the town by boats from the men of war is not yet 
settled. As to dismiss g any of the cruize rs, I fear it may 
at present be attended w th great inconvenience. I shall 
advise with Commodore Warren, & endeav r that these be 
not kept longer than their service be of more consequence 
to the province than their pay w ch is exhorbitant. Don- 
ahew, as I understand, is gone for Boston without any 
directions from me, and ordered the prizes & prisoners 
from Canso. I wish they may be all well. W r e have 
ab* 200 shells of 13 inches yet by us, found at the Roy all 
Battery, but the engineers say they're something too large 
for the mortar bro* w th us. I propose to send this under 
Rous's convoy to Cape Sables. I shall write y r Excel- 
lency again by Cap* Gay ton. In the mean time, I am, 

your Excellency's, &c. 

W r . P. 

To his Excellency, &c, &c, &c. 



On his Majesty's Service. To the Hon. William Pepperrell, Esq., 1} 
Gen 1 & Commander in Chief of the Land Forces in the present Ex- 
pedition at the Camp on Cape Breton Y Cap* Bennet. 

Canso, June 2 d , 1745. 

May it please y r Hon r , — Since the 27 th ins*, when 
I wrote y r Hon r by Cap* Newmarch, I have only to ac- 
quaint y r Hon r that on Tuesday last Cap* Beckett sailed 
eastward without my knowledge or consent, & was absent 
till yesterday, being, as he says, all the time off at sea. 
I can't think it safe for him, or in any measure service- 
able for y e expedition, y* he should go to sea without a 
larger complement of men, — he having but thirty-one 
men on board. But he might be very serviceable to this 
place in assisting me with a transport to procure such 
ranging timber and other materials as are necessary for 
compleating the works here. I have inclosed the square 
partly with picketts & partly with plank, which will serve 
for y e present, & have com pleated a barrack that will 
serve for one company. But have not timber to go on 
with the other barrack, unless I can be assisted & have 
liberty to go with a few of my people to some adjacent 
island ; & Cap fc Marshall's company will be obliged to 
lod^e without the garrison till another barrack can be 
erected. I must acquaint y r Hon r that no provisions 
have arrived from Boston since I w 7 rote, & I have now 
but one week's allowance of provisions for y e troops 
posted here, nor any supply of ammunition. Y r Hon r 
can't think I can be easy in this situation, nor that the 
troops can be kept to duty in such danger of wantings. 
I shall be obliged to put the troops to half allowance of 
provisions, & have not above two days' allowance of rum, 
nor any can I procure, nor have any vessell sufficient to 
carry off y° troops in case of their being reduced to a 
condition of starving. I must beo-cr y r Hon r w T ould have 

O DO 1/ 

1745.] LETTERS. 247 

some compassion upon the troops, if y r Hon r dos 
not think me worthy of my meat ; for as common sol- 
diers generally place all misfortunes to the accompt of 
their officers I dread the consequence of stopping any 
part of their allowance, which I am obliged to, for fear 
of being wholly without before a new supply can be had. 
I was left with only a fortnight's provisions when y r 
Hon r sailed from hence, & that quantity was reduced to 
five days' allowance before I received any supply, & 
beiug limited by y r Hon r ' s order, I derst take no more out 
of the transports than one month's allowance, which 
stock is now again expended to seven days' provision, & 
I don't see what course T can possibly take for a supply. 
I wrote my case by Cap fc Newmarch a week ago, but 
have received no answer. Cap* Bennet arrived this 
afternoon in 6 days from Boston, but has no stores, ex- 
cept for his vessell ; nor can I hear of any other vessell 
like to touch in hither, unless it be one bound for New- 
foundland, from whence I can demand nothing, by y r 
Hon™ order, should she be ever so fully freighted with 
provisions. Therefore once more repeat my earnest 
request for a supply of provisions & ammunition for these 
troops & for 

Y r Hon r?s humb. serv fc . 

Ammi Ruh. Cutter. 

To Gen 1 Pepperrell. 

P. S. By great importunity I have obtained of Cap* 
Bennet half a hogshead of bread & two barr 1 of pork, & 
hope it will not be long before I have a better supply. 

A. R. C. 


Superbe, off Lewisbourg, the 3 d June, 1745. 
Sir, — By the journal of the French brigg taken yes- 
terday by Captain Montagu I find that the 27 th last month, 


their stile, they saw eight sail of ships, steering the same 
course that they did, two of them, he says in his journal 
seern'd to him to be King's ships; as it is not improbable 
but they may be French I will keep a good look out for 
them, and cou'd wish the Vigilant mann'd and with me. 

I am pleas'd with M r Shirley's letter, as he seems 
determin'd to continue supplying us with every thing 
necessary for carrying on the expedition, and that he has 
secur'd 700 barrels of powder lately arriv'd in Adams, for 
that purpose. As there is so much less on board the 
Vigilant then wee expected, and as the squadron are 
mostly so short as not to be able to spare you any, wont 
it be proper to send immediately for such a supply of 
powder and all other necessarys, ammunition, provision, 
and, indeed, men as you shall judge sufficient, for if any 
overpluss be left, shou'd wee be so luckey to take the 
place, it will be wanted as stores there? and if otherwise, 
which God forbid, any remains may be carried back. 

I have 3G0 twenty-two pound shott, brought me by 
Gayton, which fitts none of our cannon. You may have 
them with the 500 eighteen pounders mention'd before. 
I cou'd wish all the squadron better supply'd with 

I sent M r Louring in last night to hurry the landing of 
the cannon from Bush, and I long much to see them play 
on the Island Battery, as I believe it will have a good 
effect, both in annoying that and preventing any vessells 
getting in that may escape us by fogs or any other 

I am inform'd Babasine, after being wounded by our 
people got into the town in a shallop at night. If so 
many necessarys of all kinds may & no doubt will be 
introduc'd into the garrison, greatty prejudicial to our 
design, therefore give me leave once more to recommend 
a couple of good guard boats about and under the point 
of the light house, for 'tis impossible in such foggs as wee 

1745.] LETTERS. 249 

almost have here constantly for the sloops or small vessells 
to keep near enough to intercept boats or shallops, and I 
really think no ships cou'd have kept their stations better 
then ours have done. 

I long for a generall consultation with you and your 
Council in conjunction with the captains of the squadron, 
but it will not be prudent by any means with the wind 
easterly to have our ships to leeward of Lewisbourg, for 
fear of any ships of force getting in from the eastward, 
but with the wind westerly wee may lye close in with 
your camp for a few hours which wou'd be sufficient to 
determine upon the best plan of operation that wee can 
propose. I wou'd wait of you on shore with pleasure, but 
that I am afraid of any ships getting in with succours. I 
assure you, Sir, the apprehension of that greatly disturbs 
my rest, tho I think wee have been very luckey in that 
point hitherto. 

I am inform'd besides the 100 barrels of powder that 
you have had from the Vigilant, you have had some more 
of that brought by Gay ton for the squadron. Pray let 
me know how much. I do not begrudge it, but 'till wee 
are better supply'd wou'd recommend the greatest pru- 
dence in the expence of it. By the last schooner that 
you sent to Boston I desired M r Shirley to press and enter 
volunteers for the Vigilant & assure such as shall enter 
volunteers they shall be discharg'd when the expedition 
is over, if they desire it, and enter into pay from the date 
of their entry at Boston. 

M r Shirley informs me that he has forwarded my letters 
for succours to the several Governours I had wrote to, 
and has added his own solicitation to mine with them, 
and I flatter myself it will have a good effect. I hope 
the sick people on shore w T ill soon mend as the weather 
grows warm. 

Captain Saunders has inform'd me of his apprehensions 
of such a number of prisoners in the Bay, & I have sent 


Fletcher in as an additional guard vessell, and have order'd 
Captain Gay ton to take sixty prisoners out of the vessells 
in the Bay, to lessen as much as possible their fears there. 
I think to send him soon to Boston, and I really think if 
wee cou'd take all Snelling's men out to fifty, and send 
him with Gayton, which will be an ease to the great ex- 
pence of the Province, and will ease us of a good number 
of prisoners, who are not only troublesome and dangerous 
here, but are eating our provisions apace, & I think Snel- 
ling's men wou'd be more serviceable in our ships then 
in his. Please to let me know your sentiments on this, 
and I will give directions accordingly. I am, with great 
regard, S r , 

Y r most obed* humb e servant. 

P. Warren. 

P. S. I am greatly surpriz'd wee hear nothing of 

L* General Pepperell, &c. 


At a Council of Warr held on board his Majesty's Ship 
Superbe, off Lewisbourg the 3 d June, 1745. 

Present : Peter Warren, Esq. General Pepperell 

Capt Calmady Brigad r Waldo 

" Douglass Brigad" Dwight 

" Tiddeman Coll. Moor 

" Montagu Coll. Broadstreet 

Coll. Burr 

Resolv'd that for the manning the Vigilant, the Road 
Island ship and snow, also the Mullinox, be sent to New 
England, and that the sailors belonging to the respective 
ships, saving only forty in each, be apply'd to this service, 
that the said ships take under their convoy such trans- 

* The signatures to the vote are all autographs. — Eds. 




ports as the General finds necessary to be sent to New 
England, for the bringing a reinforcement of men and a 
further supply of ammunition and other necessarys ; the 
said ships and transports to carry with them so many of 
the prisoners as they can accomodate and secure. 

P. Warren 
W. Calmady 
James Douglas 


W. Montagu 

W M Pepperrell 
S. Waldo 
J. Dwight 
Sam. Moore 
And w Burr 
Jn° Bradstreet 

decision of a council of war* 

At a Council of War held on board his Majesty's Ship 
Superbe, off Lewisbourg the 3 d June, 1745. 

Present : Peter Warren, Esq 6 . 
Capt. Calmady 
" Douglass 
" Tiddeman 
" Montagu 

General Pepperell 
Brigad r Waldo 
Brig r Dwight 
Coll 1 Moor 
Coll. Broadstreet 
Coll 1 Burr 

Resolv'd that his Majesty's service requires that the 
Road Island sloop Tarter, Captain Fones master, be re- 
tain' d in the service 'till further orders, and the said 

master is herebv directed to attend Commodore Warren's 


directions accordingly. 

P. Warren W m Pepperrell 

W. Calmady S. Waldo 

James Douglas J. Dwight 

Rich d Tiddeman Sam l Moore 

W. Montagu And w Burr 

Jn° Bradstreet 

- * This decision is written on a separate sheet of paper,' apparently after the adoption of 
the preceding resolution, and is also attested by the signatures of the members of the 
Council.— Eds. 



Boston, June 3, 1745. 

Sir, — I bad the pleasure of receiving your packet of 
the 19 th , 20 th , & 23 d of May, giving* me an account of your 
transporting your eight cannon of 22 lb shott, & erecting 
a second battery within 200 yards of the west part of the 
town, both which I acknowledge are beyond my own ex- 
pectations, tho I thought it prudent to send the two 
trains of artillery. I am very sensible of the extreme 
difficulty and fatigue w ch must have attended the execu- 
tion of these two things, w ch are very considerable points 
gain'cl ag fc the enemy, and I hope such a breach will be 
soon made in their gate and works as may afford an en- 
trance by assault into that part of the town, when it shall 
be thought advisable to make one upon it, w cU whenever 
it is done 1 could wish it might be in conjunction with 
the sea forces entring the harbour and attacking the 
town on that side, rather y n by an assault bj' land only, 
w th the assistance of 1500 seamen landing for that pur- 
pose, as the Commodore proposes (w th your consent), in 
case upon a General Council of land and sea officers it 
shall be thought not adviseable for the ships to enter the 
harbour, w cb I should think could not have been a ques- 
tion in the least had the Island Battery been taken. But 
1 don't perceive you mention a tittle concerning that 
scheme, whether any attempt has been made or it is in- 
tirely dropt. If the latter I doubt not from the whole 
tenour of your conduct but it has been done for prudent 
reasons on your part. I now send you 105 long fuses for 
the large shells, 600 granado shells, 91-18 lb & 25-9 lb shot, 
4 hogsheads of charcoal, and shall send the cohorn shells 
and 11 inch shells w th longer fuses & 20 shot & more 18 lb 
shott by the next opportunity. I did not doubt in my 
own mind but y* your powder would fall short of your 
demand for it, therefore sent 50 barrells by Gay ton, 

1745.] LETTERS. 253 

and 50 more by Donahew, both w ch I hope you have 
by this time receiv'd ; and I determin'd to have sent 100 
barrells by Smith, the bearer. Bat as the Commodore 
has taken a large store of powder, it is thought more 
adviseable y* you should be supply'd from that whatever 
quantities you may want, and y* the governm* should 
pay the captors the market price for it, w ch I have begg'd 
the favour of the Commodore to comply with, and doubt 
not but he will upon your application to him. I con- 
gratulate you upon his taking the Vigilant, w ch I am 
endeavouring to get mann'd from hence with the utmost 
dispatch, if possible to be done. This is an heavy blow 
indeed upon the enemy, and I hope may be follow'd with 
one or two captures soon of the same nature. 

I appriz'd you in my last y* the governm* of Connec- 
ticutt was raising 200 more men, and our Gen 1 Court has 
voted 400 more. I shall strain hard for 500. Rhode 
Island has voted 150 more ; and the New Hampshire sets 
to-day. The Jerseys has voted 2000 11 in provisions, and 
another subscription is on foot at York. But the men is 
the material article, w ch I shall hurry away with the ut- 
most dispatch, but can't send 'em 'till some of our cruizers 
and transports arrive herefrom you, w ch pray let us have. 
I am in some pain for Smethurst, as also least the 800 
French and Indians w ch were lately besieging the garrison 
at Annapolis Royal should surprize either Canso, or come 
by surprize on the back of our army before Louisburg, 
or get into the town. For preventing the first I think 
one of our 20 gun cruizers at least should be a guard to 
Canso, if not a detachment of 50 men at least, or 100 if 
possible to be spared, orderd to it, and a very good look- 
out kept by our cruizers round the island. I suppose 
M r Bastide is arriv'd with you by this time, with the As- 
sistant Engineer Combrune, his master smith, and two 
good gunners from Annapolis Royal/ They set sail the 
27 th of May, and inform me y* the siege was rais'd the 


24 th by order from Loaisburg w ch requir'd those Indians 
and Canadeans to come forthwith to the relief of the 
town, or to surprize Canso. Gov r Mascarene w 7 rites me 
word y* by the two vessells w ch escap'd into Louisburg 
harbour the enemy were advis'd of a 72 and three other 
large ships of warr, with two frigates of 36 guns each 
lying ready in Brest to sail w th the new Governour and M r 
Duvivier for Louisburg. Those advices doubtless gave 
the enemy resolution to hold out 'till the arrival of that 
armament. But I should think when they were appriz'd 
of the large ship's being intercepted by the Commodore 
(w ch I shrewdly suspect must have the new 7 Governour and 
M r Duvivier in it, or at least one of 'em), and the others 
being in danger of sharing the same fate y fc it must 
lower their spirits & make 'em more flexible to terms 
of capitulation. 

I am extremely glad y 1 Annapolis Royal is at present 
out of danger. Had it been taken the inhabitants would 
have instantly taken up arms, and made it difficult to 
have been retaken, and perhaps have come upon your 
back besides. I have inclos'd two paragraphs of my 
speech to the Assembly, w ch they thought there was too 
much dangerous truth in to be made publick, and desir'd 
me to suppress 'em in the printed speech, w ch I have done. 
The Canso soldiers I got sent away in an arm'd billander 
sufficient to clear the Gut of the enemy, and I hope to 
retake the Montague & other schooner, w ch pray inform 
M r Bastide of. I shall send 25 more barrells of powder, 
some 9 lb shot and patridge to Canso by the bearer. Pray 
take some care of that and our detachment there. M rs 
Pepperell is well at Boston. I shall have the honour 
to wait upon her soon, and am, with great regard and 
sincerity, Sir, 

Your most faith full friend & serv fc . 

W. SniRLEY. 
Hon blc Gen 1 Pepperill. 

1745.] LETTERS. 255 

P. S. I have sent but 7 barrells of powder, 100-9 lb 
shott, & [blank] of patridge shott to Canso, and notwith- 
standing what I have wrote within, and to the Commodore 
for the protection of the- fort there, w ch would doubtless be 
exceedingly agreeable to the King, Ministry, & people of 
England, and an exceeding great honour to your com- 
mand and the army, yet if it sh d be necessary by a 
Council of Warr to abandon it, and y* the protection of it 
would too much weaken the forces before Louisburg, I 
leave it to your discretion either to protect or abandon it. 
If the former (w ch I should be glad of) you will send it 
whatever further supplies of stores and men and whatever 
else may be wanted by 'em. I have desir'd the Commo- 
dore to send a cruizer sufficient for their protection, and 
to give you his sentiments upon the affair. I have wrote 
to him the motives w ch induc'd me to fortifye Canso ; so 
he may alter his mind concerning that affair, as he was 
before ignorant of my motives for doing it. 


On his Maj' s /Service. To Lieutenant General Peperell, &c a , &c n , &c a . 
Superb, off Chaperouge Bay, y e 4 th June, 1745. 

Sir, — I this moment rec d the inclosed from Governour 
Shirley, and think it will be absolutely necessary to send 
Ting and the Eoad Island ship imediatly to Annapolis. 
Pray send me y r sentiments upon it, and I will prepare 
orders for them to proceed directly. The sloop taken 
last night is laden with flower and provision from Que- 
beck ; has letters of y e 4 th June, their stile, which say y* 
they have heard from Indians y* an armament was pre- 
paring at New England to attack Lewisburg, but they 
don't seem to believe it, but say they are surprized they 
have not heard from hence nor France this spring. I 
am much Y r . ■ 

P. Warren. 

After you have read, send me the letters. 



Ordnance Packet in Canso Harbour, June the 4 th , 1745. 

Sir, — The Canada French and Indians to the number 
of about 700 retired from Annapolis Royal the 24 th May. 
The 19 th before, a schooner came up within four miles of 
us, but being* attacked bore away, and got of clear. We 
supposed her from you or Gen 1 Pepperel, as I find she 
was, upon my touching in here, to join the expedition. 
As soon as I was certain the enemy had quitted Annap- 
olis, I appointed the next engineer to carry on our 
works, and with my assistant, a good serjeant of artillery, 
two gunners, and four artificers I sailed from Annapolis 
Bason a week ago, and Gov r Mascarene and I judged it 
absolutely necessary I should touch here if possible to in- 
form the commandant of this place that the enemy which 
left Annapolis might propably intend some surprise upon 
this place as they went on to Cape Breton, for which 
island they are certainly set out. This I send by a little 
sloop of Capt. Becket's which will carry an ace* to you, 
Sir, of the want these gent n are in of several necessarys. 
I spare the commandant three quintals of bread upon his 
obligation. I leave him a few bushels of lime and some 
nails out of the small quantity I have w th me. I wish I 
could have done more for their service. I have viewed 
their little works, and hope they will be pretty secure 
within their limits. I have taken a fresh stock of water 
this afternoon, and propose to sail by break of day to- 
morrow for Caberouse or the fleet. I am with great 
esteem, Sir, 

Your most humble and most obedient servant. 

J. H. Bastide. 

1745.] LETTERS. 257 


To the Honorable William PepperiU, Esq r , General of his Majesties 
Forces at Cape Breton. These. 

Dear Sir, — This waits upon you to let you know that 
your friends here are mindful of you, and sincerely and 
heartily desirous of your success in the great enterprise 
in w ch you are engaged. We rejoice in the good provi- 
dence of God w ch has given you the advantage ag* the 
enemy in several important instances. It looks as tho 
Providence was on our side ; and I trust God will finally 
crown our arms w th the desired victorv. We are not in- 
sensible of the difficulties, fatigues, and hazards to w ch 
you are exposd ; but the cause in w ch you are embark' t 
is just and of very great consequence to the interest of 
your King and country, both of w ch you are now risquing 
your life to serve. May God protect and defend and re- 
ward you. We bear you on our hearts continually before 
the throne of God, both publickly and privately, and I 
cant but hope God will subdue your enemies before you. 
Let me say to you as was said of old to Joshua, the head 
of y e armies of Israel, Be strong and of good courage, for 
the Lord thy God is iv th thee. 

Your time and thots I am sensible are much employed 
about greater things, but if you could spare a few mo- 
ments to write me how affairs stand w th you, it would be 
agreable to me. And I hope you won't forget w n you 
take possession of the town you are beseiging to let me 
have the opportunity (as was talkt at my house) to 
remember you. 

Your dear spouse is now at Boston. You know the 
tenderness of her spirit, the softness of her passions, her 
extreme affection for you, and y r fore you wont wonder 

* Rev. Charles Chauncv, D. D., minister of the First Church, in Boston. He was born 
Jan. 1, 1705, graduated at Harvard College in 1721, was ordained in 1727, and died Feb. 
10, 1787. See Ellis's History of the First Church, pp. 188-208. — Eds. 



that her whole soul is taken up in thinking upon you, 
and wishing for you safe return. I shall do all in my 
power to divert her mind, and make her chearful and 
pleasant. Shee is in a better state of health y n I ex- 
pected to find her, and nothing is wanting to render 
her happy but your presence. 

I need not tell you I sincerely love you, and w th my 
whole soul desire your protection and speedy return w tb 
tryumph and glory. I am 

Your affectionate brother. 

CnARLES Chauncy. 

Boston, June 4 th , 1745. 

My wife and all friends, particularly M r Flynt, desire 
to be remembred to you. 

To the Honourable W m Pepperil, Esq''. These ^ M' Hill. 
H BLE Sir, — I have several times heard that my company 
was to be ordered into a detachm* under Coll. Richmond; 
at length I have heard it from Brigad r Waldo. If y r 
Hon r will excuse my freedom, I shall be glad. If I err, 
upon the first notice of it, I shall be ready to retract. 
The troops in this Battery have been harrassed with 
marches into the country beyond what you may imagine. 
It has frequently happened upon the return of a party 
three quarters of them have been fatigued, so that they 
could scarsely walk ; a particular accout of these marches 
& the duty afterwards done upon guard, together with 
their bringing provisions from the camp, must necessarily 
convince y r Hon r that some respite is due to them. If 
my company may not be quartered here you'l do me a 
favour in putting them into some other detachment. I 
have not the least inclination to be put under Coll. Rich- 
mond. A dilference has happened between us, and ten 

1745.] LETTERS. 259 

men out of his regiment that he was ordered to draft has 
not yet been given to me. Neither did he use me well 
in that affair, he affirming that the order was contrary to 
an act of the General Court at Boston, & that asserting 
upon the back of that before y r Hon' a fact which from the 
circumstance of time could not possibly be true. However, 
I am a soldier and as such I would at present touch upon 
that point tenderly. Y r Hon r will do me a favour to 
consider one moment how many Coll. I have been de- 
tached under, & how I came to be regimented as I was 
without ever being asked y e question, since in my life I 
never asked for a coihission. At Canso I was told I 
belonged to Coll. Moulton's regiment; then I was by 
order in a detachment under a New Hampshire officer. 
The day we landed I adhered strickly to my orders from 
Coll. Noble, & had every other officer done the same 
Monsieur Morpain & his infantry had every soul of them 
fallen into our hands; that night I was intirely left to 
myself, nor did I pitch upon quarters until long within 
night, after which I was under no manner of regulation, 
nor had I any field officer that laid the least claim to me. 
In this situation like a dirilict was I; when Collonel 
Broadstreet was detached to this quarter to be under him, 
I in a manner begged. Since that, Brigadier Waldo has 
been my officer & here, from whose command I have re- 
ceived the utmost satisfaction. I receiv'd an odd shock; 
during the time I smarted through the ignorance of some 
fellows upon the platform. Coll. Moulton came into these 
lines, he never came to see me ; neither had I the least 
refreshment from him, no more than if I had been a Turk 
(nor even a soldier with a compliment from him). All 
which I resent & reflect upon w th a just indignation, since 
I am a voluntier and a gentleman, nor do I value my life 
where my country's interest demands v the risk of it. 
Under y r Hon r I act with pride ; and when I am ordered 
under the inspection of a person who from the bottom of 


my soul I can't esteem, I have nobody to apply to but 
y r Hon r , & in case you don't ease me in this point I don't 
care one farthing if the next minute I am shot through 
the head. If I must act in that detachment & see nota- 
ble blunders according to my conception of things, I am 
certain I shall bring myself into trouble, which I hope 
y r Hon r would put me out of the way off. I would at 
all events avoid giving y r Hon r trouble, since I know well 
the great charge you sustain, but my resentment of the 
ill usage I have had stimulates me to that degree that I 
could no longer remain & be silent. Nevertheless if the 
excess of passion which irritates me, if I say one single 
thing that y r Hon r ' s great judgement condemns, I pray your 
pardon, & will for the future be as mute as if I had been 
born dumb. 

I have the honour to subscribe myself, with the greatest 
submission and respect, H ble Sir, 

Your most humble & most obed fc serv*. 

S. Rhodes. 

From the Grand Battery, June the 5 th , 1745. 


Camp, June 5 th , 1745. 

S R , — I have sent off to you a French soldier who 
deserted from the garrison last night, whose intelligence, 
if to be rely'd on, must needs be of service for us to 
know. My Council are of opinion that an express be 
sent to the Duke of Newcastle to snve an ace* of our 
present scituation, and desire that it may be done in con- 
junction w th you if you approve thereof. I have ordered 
the transports designd for Boston to repair to Cap* 
Gayton for sailing orders, he having this morning 
inform'd me it was agreable to your directions to him. 
Agreable to what you mentionM to me I have ordered 
Piscataqua guard sloop with 50 land men on board to lay 

1745.] LETTERS. 261 

at anchor as close as may be w th safety to the harbour's 
mouth, w th some boats, in order to intercept small vessells 
going in, especially in the night ; am told that the sloop 
from Canada wou'd have got in if Bosch and a schooner 
had not been near the point landing the guns. I have 
ordered a large cable and anchor to be carried out of the 
North East Harbour for her to ride by. As taking the 
men for this service out of our land forces weakens our 
camp, should be glad, if you think proper that the Rhode 
Island sloop or Connecticut guard sloop be ordered there 
in her stead as soon as conveniently may be. 

Y rs , &c. 

To the Hon ble Commodore, &c. W. P. 


Camp, June 5 th , 1745. W Cap* Gayton. 

May it please your Excellency, — Inclos'd herewith 
are copys of mine p r Giddins, who sail'd from hence 3 d 
ins*. Just upon his departure came to hand your Excel- 
lency's favour T Bennet, the contents of w ch I care- 
fully observe. Since, I have had an opportunity to 
confer w th Commodore Warren on board his ship ; he is 
not satisfy'd of the expediency of his ships' attempting to 
go into the harbour 'till some further execution be done 
against the enemy's batterys, for w ch reason we jointly 
determin'd not to draw off the 600 men propos'd in 
order to man the Vigilant, as mention'd to your Excel- 
lency, but to man her out of Snelling and the Rhode 
Island ship & snow, & send them home to New Eng d , 
leav s on board each 40 men. I have just now advice 
from Annapolis by M r Bastide, who is come down here to 
assist us, that the French & Indians drew off from thence 
the 24 th ult°, being call'd away by an express sent from 
Louisbourg, upon which news Col Bradstreet, by my 


desire, is gone on board Commodore Warren to concert 
measures for intercept* them before they land on this 
island, if possible. By a sloop from Quebeck \v th pro- 
vissions for Louisbourg taken some days since by the 
fleet, we have an acc fc by letters dated the 4 th June, N. S., 
that some Indians had inform'd the Canadians that an 
armam* was preparing in New Eng d against Louisbourg, 
but that it was not credited there; hope their incredulity 
will continue some time longer. Last night a French 
soldier deserted from the garrison to us, who informs me 
as foil 8 , that there are in the town of Louisbourg and 
Island Battery 3,600 men that bear arms, 7 or 800 of w ch 
are soldiers ; that they have provissions sufficient to last 
them 'till next Sep r or Oc r ; that they have consider- 
able of ammunition ; that 116 of our men were taken 
prisoners at the attack of the Island Battery ; that the 
enemy judg'd variously of our numbers, some saying we 
were 10,000 men, some 6,000 ; that one of our prisoners 
informd them that we had 4,500 men ; that the enemy 
have burst one of their mortars and several cannon; that 
they are prepar'd every night to receive an attack on all 
parts of the town ; that the guards prevent deserters ; 
that if their ships are taken they expect to surrender 
after some time longer; that they don't apprehend our 
ships will venture into the harbour ; that Beau Bassin 
is return'd w th 12 of his party ; that there would have 
been more soldiers at Louisbourg but that an engineer 
who went last fall to France informed the ministry there 
that women were sufficient to defend it by land. I have 
sent him to Commodore Warren. I have orderd 14 of 
the Massachusetts transports to Boston, under convoy of 
Cap* Gayton ; propose also to send up Bosch w th pris- 
oners, and as he is on great wages, and not likely to be 
of any particular service, immagine your Excellency 
will dismiss him. Smethurst is yet missing. The two 
Frenchmen who came down w th me as pilots being 

1745.] LETTERS. 263 

desirous to return, and as our men are now well 
acquainted w th the woods I have sent them up, and in 
justice to them must say they seem to have behav'd very 
faithfully. The Penobscot Indian who came w th M r Bean 
in Bennet shall have all suitable respect and kindness 
shewn him ; hope the reducing this place will be the 
means of engaging all the tribes of Indians now in the 
French service in a firm alliance w th us. One of our 
scouts is return'd with 17 prisoners. I find that keeping 
out scouts has been serviceable in terrifying and dispers- 
ing some party of the enemy which otherwise by joining 
each other might have prov'd troublesome to us. I 
immagine it will be necessary in order to give weight to 
my letters to the Ministry at home that Commodore 
Warren joins in the acc fc given of our scituation, & have 
propos'd it to him, and hourly expect his answer. 
Donahew is gone some days since to cruize in the Gut of 
Canso in company w th Becket. I am, w th the greatest 

Y r Exc y most humb. & ob* serv*. 

W. P. 

To his Excellency, Gov r Shirley, &c. 


Superbe, off Lewisbourg, the 6 June, 1745. 

Sir, — I receiv'd your favour of the 5 th late last night, 
with one from M r Basteed, who was then with me, and 
had before sent you a letter from Governour Mascarreen, 
which he says informs you that the French & Indians, 
Canadeans, to the number of about seven hundred, had 
rais'd the blockade of Annopolis upon orders to go to the 
assistance of Lewisbourg by way of the Bay Vert. I 
hope they wont be able to get into the garrison. 

I am oblig'd to you for the French deserter, but as yet 
M r Basteed nor myself can't learn much from him. I 
shall be glad to know what intelligence you have procur'd 


from him, that by comparing it with what he may give 
me I may be a judge of his veracity. 

I am both ready and very willing to joyn with you in 
any representation to the Duke of Newcastle, or elsewhere, 
that can contribute to our main design of reducing the 
garrison and cou'd wish we cou'd give him strong hopes 
of success. I think wee shou'd not raise them too high, 
because if wee do, and shou'd afterwards be so unfortunate 
as not to succeed, wdiich God forbid, it wou'd only add to 
the disappointment. If you please to send me a rough 
copy of what you propose, I will give you my opinion 
upon it candidly and to the best of my judgment, for as 
I must write at the same time to the Lords of the Ad- 
miralty, I shou'd be glad our accounts shou'd correspond, 
as you know the situation you are in on shore better 
than I can. 

M. r Basteed's coming I look upon as a very happy event, 
and as the blockade of Annopolis is rais'd, no doubt but 
Rouse, Tyng, & Thompson who were sent to the protec- 
tion of that garrison will soon return & very likely bring 
the mortar, if you have wrote for it. 

I will as soon as possible order the Road Island sloop 
to lie as near the harbour's mouth as she can, and relieve 
Bush, as I think it of the greatest consequence. 

I believe it wou'd not be amiss to send some arm'd 
vessells to lye at Cancoa till all apprehensions of the 
French and Indians touching there in their way from 
Annopolis is over. 

Wee have had no cruizer here but the Connecticut and 
Road Island sloops and Fletcher in the Bay, guarding 
the prisoners. 430 of them will now go with Gayton, 
viz*, 220 in his own ship, Snelling 150, Griffith 60, besides 
two in each transport that you please to send. 

I will beg the favour of M r Basteed to reconoitre the 
garrison and town, as well as possible, on the harbour 
side, and to give me his sentiments thereupon. 

1745.] LETTERS. 265 

I have great hopes of success which I know will make 
you as happy as it will, Sir, 

Y r most obed fc & most humb. serv*. 

P. Warren. 

P. S. Collonel Broadstreet, to whom I refer you for 
particulars, will inform you that I have dispatch'd the 
Connecticut sloop to the Gutt of Cancoa. 

To Lieut. General Pepperell. 


Camp, June 7 th , 1745, via Annapolis. 

May it please your Excellency, — Upon the advice 
that Annapolis was besieg'd Commodore Warren imme- 
diately dispatcht there Cap fc Tyng and Thompson, having 
before, upon the schooner's return w th his packet undeliv- 
ered, sent Rous to see the state of that garrison, and 
upon advice from Govern our Mascarene by M r Bastide 
that the enemy was drawn off he has dispatcht a 
schooner to recall the ships, and has ordered Rous to 
Boston to receive your Excellency's further commands 
for the service of the expedition, he being a person whose 
activity and good conduct we have great confidence in 
and expectations from. The reason of ordering back the 
ships and not sending home the Connecticut sloop agre- 
able to your Excellency's desire is that as it was neces- 
sary, if possible, to intercept that party of French & 
Indians from Annapolis before they land on this island, 
Commodore Warren dispatcht the Rhode Island sloop to 
join Donahew and Becket in the Gut of Canso ; and as 
Smithurst is missing, and Cap t Gayton w th Snelling & the 
Rhode Island snow are obligd to go to New Eng d w th the 
prisoners, it is impossible to spare any more of the 
cruizers at present w thout hazard of great inconvenience 


in our main design. We are quite out of powder, and 
our battery s are silent; must entreat your Excellency's 
care for a speedy large supply. It is allmost incredible to 
think what great quantities such a siege requires. We 
have been oblig'd to Commodore Warren's great good- 
ness for a large quantity of powder & many other stores, 
whose kind offers of assistance & entire readiness to spare 
everything in his power for the army on all occasions is 
extreamly engaging. I wrote your Excellency particu- 
larly by Gicldins, whom I clispatcht 3 d ins*, allso by Cap 4 
Gayton, who will sail in a day or two. I take this oppor- 
tunity by the schooner bound to Annapolis to forward 
this by Rous, and am 

Y r Excell 7 most obed fc hum. serv fc . 

W. P. 

His Excellency Gov r Shirley, &c, &c, &c. 


Camp, June 7 th , 1745. 

S R , — Your favour by M r Bastide I rec d yesterday, 
whose presence here gives me the greatest pleasure, and 
will undoubtedly be greatly beneficial to his Maj' s service 
in our important expedition. I am exceeding glad to 
find that the enemy have rais'd their blockade at 
Annapolis ; am perswaded you'll be in no further danger 
in that respect at present. Commodore Warren has 
ordered some arm'd sloops to the Gut of Canso and Bay 
Verte to intercept them, if possible, before they land on 
this island, w ch , however, should they do we shall keep a 
good look out and endeav r to give the reception they de- 
serve. It will be a happy thing if w T e can cut off such a 
body of villains. 

Upon the news of the enemy's being w th you Commo- 
dore Warren ordered two ships of war to Annapolis, 

1745.] LETTEES. 267 

besides a snow whom he sent there to enquire of the 
state of that garrison. He now sends a schooner in 
order to hasten the others back, # as it's of the utmost 
consequence to have all the force possible here at this 
critical juncture, when the enemy's ships are hourly 
expected. I flatter myself that I shall succeed in my 
request to you for mortars & shells. Please to give 
my compliments to M r Cowley, whom I should have been 
glad to have waited on here, had not M r Bastide been so 
good as to favour us w th his company. I am, w th much 
esteem, S r , 

Y r , &c. 

Paul Mascarene, Esq 1- , &c. 

W. P. 


Superbe, off Lewisbourg, the 10 June, 1745. 

Sir, — I receiv'd your favour of yesterday by a shallop, 
informing me of your having two Swiss deserters, by 
whom I hope wee shall have a full account of the state of 
Lewisbourg, and sending me some langridge. I inform'd 
you yesterday that the Chester, of 50 guns, joyn'd me, 
and that she lost company some days past in a fog with 
the Sunderland & Canterbury, of 60 guns, & a French 
privateer, of 20 guns, that they had taken in their way. 
These ships were dispatchd to reinforce me upon an ap- 
prehension that six ships of warr w T ere saild from France 
to this place. As our two missing ships may be hourly 
expected I am now forming the plan for our going into 
the harbour with all the ships of warr and such a number 
of the Collony cruizers & vessells as shall be sufficient to 
go into the N. E fc Harbour with us, on the off side of our 

* Pray on her arrival y* y u will use y r utmost endeav rs they lose no time in returning 
here, except Rous w° is to go to Boston fo. Gov r Shirley's orders. — Marginal Nvte by 


ships, with all the men of war's boats, except one to a ship, 
and all the other boats that can be musterd everywhere, 
who shon'd, with the whale boats, shallops, &ca., in Lewis- 
bourg harbour already, be got ready with the ladders in 
them, to come on board our ships, upon my signal for that 
purpose, in order to assist in manning them from our 
ships and landing upon the town if thought necessary. 
As I propose to attempt this, God willing, the first fair 
opportunity of wind and weather after the ships joyn us, 
I think it will be necessary for you to form your dispo- 
sition for attacking the town by land when wee do by our 
ships, and that you may know when I am determind to 
go in, and the wind is fair, and I expect to get in the 
same day, I will hoist a Dutch flagg under my pendant at 
the main top gall* masthead, and wish you cou'd then 
show me that you were ready with your troops by making 
three smoaks. I w r ou'd if I cou'd get in before noon. 
You will see by all our ships furling the greatest part of 
their sails that wee are getting ready to go in. Your 
people shou'd march when I hoist the Dutch flagg, and 
when they see most of our sails furl' a they shou'd ap- 
proach near the town, drums beating and colours flying, 
and when I hoist a red flagg on the flag staff at my fore 
topgallant masthead, you may then be assur'd, I shall be 
in and begin the attack in a quarter or half an hour at 
farthest after. In the mean time till all our ships do 
arrive it will no doubt be very proper to annoy the Island 
Battery as much as possible from the light house, and the 
Circular Battery from any other you have most conven- 
ient for that purpose. 

I shall be very glad to see you, M r Bastead, Broadstreet, 
and any other of the gentlemen of your Council before 
wee begin this attack, in order to settle any other plan 
and signals that may be thought proper. I congratulate 
you on our present prospect of success, which I think 
very great ; therefore hope soon to keep a good house 

1745.] LETTERS. 269 

together, and give the ladys of Lewisbourg a gallant 
ball. This reinforcement shows how much the people at 
home have the success of this expedition at heart. My 
orders are in one of the missing ships. I am, with great 
regard, S r , 

Y r most obedient, humb. serv fc . 

P. Warren. 

P. S. I want a vessell for each of the ships to carry 
their spare top-masts, &c, ashore. 

L 1 General Pepperill, &c. 


The Honourable William Pepperil, Esq r . 

Grand Battery, June 12 th , 1745. 

S R , — You'l do me a favour if you permitt me to send 
twenty of my men to work at the new battery by the 
light house, where I can in conjunction with Cap* Mason 
frequently assist. I assure y r Honour that a good battery 
with ten cannon at that place will prevent the French 
rascals at the Island Battery from peeping above their 
parapet. Nature has half done the work. The situation 
and the slope of the rocks are such that you wou'd be 
pleased to see. Yesterday I waited upon Brigadier 
Waldo there and throwed about one dz. shot right into 
the Island Battery, but one shot missing. Monsieur grew 
silent. I am with great respect, 

Y r dutifull servant. 

S. Ehodes. 

P. S. — A brother of mine has this minute told me that 
a representation has been made to y r Honour of my keep- 
ing ten men to wait upon me ; the truth of which is that 
three men of my company has constantly attented the 
shallop which passes from hence to Commdre. Warren, & 


are now fitting sails for a schooner. Those men I pitched 
upon at the request of Shipman, being bold fellows. They 
have been approved by my officer here. Some country 
fellows that was in that shallop, when she was one night 
passing y e Island Battery upon the appearing of a light 
there throwed down their oars & wou'd not pull until a 
cloud covered the moon, when one of them took courage, 
and s'd Providence had created that cloud to cover them. 
Two brave men of mine are here, one wounded in the 
arm, out of which have been drawn 2 ps's of iron, the 
other wounded in the thigh. One other man is here who 
lately came on shore from the transport where I left him 
at our landing, and to this minute can but just stir with 
swelled legs. The famous Pussar once thought a danger- 
ous man, & for that reason was ordered on board Eowse, 
is here & never has done duty. One Dowing of my 
company made a scavenger by my officer ; he can't load 
a gun, and these are the men that wait upon me. I 
beg y r Honour's pardon, and am vel lit supra. 



On his Maj. Service. To LieuX 1 General Pepper ell, &c. 

Supehbe, off Lewisbourg, the 12 June, 1745. 

Sir, — I have this moment been joyn'd by the Sunder- 
land, Canterbury, & Lark ; the last they met with, and 
the ordnance storeship for Anapolis, a few days ago, and 
judg'd it proper to bring her here. She has powder, and, 
I believe, cannon on board. I shall be glad to have your 
opinion as to her detention here till our affair is over. 
For God sake hurry off the men, and I will go in the mo- 
ment the wind will allow us. I am, S r , 

Y r most obedient, humb e servant. 

P. Warren. 

L l General Pepperell, &c. 

1745.] LETTERS. 271 


On his Maj. Service. To Lieut. General Pepperell, &e. 

Superbe, off Lewisbourg, the 12 June, 1745. 

Sir, — As it will be of the greatest consequence to bar- 
rocade our ships well against the enemy's small shott, I 
desire you will please to employ as many men as you can 
spare in getting a schooner load or two of moss for that 
purpose. Please send the cohorns and shells off as soon 
as possible. I am, S r , 

Y r most obed. humble servant. 

P. Warren. 

P. S. I have orderd you 50 barr s of powder more from 
the squadron. 

Lieut General Pepperell, &c. 


Hon ble Sir, — Notwithstanding what I said yesterday to 
Col Gorham & wrote him this morning his people are this 
moment going on with the building houses on the back of 
the hills, where I affirm, if I am not void of all reason & 
judgment, they can't be of the least service or any possible 
security to the proposed light house battery. He is gone 
to y r Hon r to give answer to the letter I wrote him, and 
to complain of a very great grievance I have offerd him 
to take a scooner as he calls it out of his hands to send 
Comodore Warren by one Shipman as the Comodore de- 
sired. The reason he opposes this being done is that the 
world will say he was affraid to carry her out himself, 
and that he may loose a benefit he proposed of her going 
to the Isle Sables to fetch live stock. Either one or the 
other can't, I think, be consistant with the office of Col 
Gorham at such a juncture, but upon the whole as so great 


a clamour has been raised about a scooner, w ch by his only 
caulking her decks (all other work was done before) he 
claims a right, & can have no other challenge to merrit 
or intrest in her, save that of taking her from this to 
the other side the water without leave or any previous 
notice given. 

I shall stop any proceedings on this head, tho probably 
her detention may be some disappointment to the Como- 
dore, till I know your pleasure, tho this M r Shipman has 
been a very active fellow by land as well as sea & the 
Comodore has promised the boon of 50 gall n rum for his 
carrying her out of the harbour, for which purpose Jie 
has by my assistance furnished her with sails, & by the 
Comodore's twine, &c, for repairing them. ' I have no 
intrest in the matter but the view of the publick service. 

I should have waited on y r Hon r instead of this but I 
apprehend my presence here at this time will be more 
beneficiall. I shall wait on you in the morning, mean- 
while I am with all possible respect, Hon ble Sir, 
Y r most obed* & obl d serv*. 

S. Waldo. 

Royall Battery, 12 June, 1745. 

We have found 17 shallops fitt for service. For whale 
boats Col Gorham says thirty is the number. 

The IIon ble Gen 11 Pepperrell. 


Royall Battery, 12 th June, 1745. 

Col Gortiam, — T shewed you yesterday the Generall's 
orders to me about the proposed works on your side the 
water, and according thereto directed where you should 

* Lieut. -Col., Tohn Gorham was the son of Col. Shubael Gorham, and served under his 
father at Louisbour<r, succeeding to the command of the regiment on the death of his father. 
He was horn at Yarmouth Dec. 12, 1709; served in the first council of Nova Scotia; and 
died in 1751 or 1752. See Coll. Nova Scotia Hist. Soc, vol. ii. pp. 26-28. Eds. 

1745.] LETTERS. 273 

intrench and build barracks, &c, but contrary to such 
direction you persist in your own scheem of inclosing a 
piece of ground larger than the circumference of all 
Louisbourg. If you have no regard to what I said to you 
& your father on this head, you ought not in an affair of 
this sort to act any further without the Generall's direc- 
tion, and as I shall fully acquaint him of the little conse- 
quence of my own power derived from his imediate order, 
as well as of the comission I have the honour to bear, 
from your presuming to go on with a worke I forbid to be 
done, so I shall also fully acquaint him of the particular 
reasons I gave you against your executing your present 
purposes of fortifying & building. I am, S r , 
Yo r friend & seiV. 

S. Waldo. 

I have just now a letter from the Generall, in which he 
comands the shallops & whale boats be forthwith putt into 
repair, the oars, paddles, & ladders ready & fitted to them. 
Pray where are the latter, & have you gott the whale 
boats repaird, and what number is there of them ? & if 
not now when will they be fitt for service ? Yo r answer 
to these enquirys lett me have by the bearer, that I may 
transmitt them to the Generall forthwith. I shall give 
you no trouble about the shallops, but have another 


Light House Battrey, June 13, 1745. 
Hon d S R , — This corns to aquaint your Honour that 
we shall be fulfilling your Honour's order about the men 
to goe on board the men of warr and fixing whale boats 
up. As for shallops they are none near this battrey, and 
Brigad r Waldo wrights he will take y e cair of the shallops, 
and as for the men's names that dyed here, that was 
killed att the Island Battrey, it was impossible we could 



know the men ; but I ordred all the things that was saved 
to be put up for those that might claime them, and ac- 
cordingly they was delivered unto men that claimed them, 
all that was worth carving away, besides sundry things 
of our owne that was carryed away that they claimed ; 
and as for any spair guns we never had more att a time 
fit for servis then was in use, for we lost severall guns the 
last engagment, and as for French peaces I never heard 
of but too y t this regiment took, and we had many poore 
guns not h* tt for use, and cannot easely get them mended, 
but by your Honour's often sending about French guns I 
suppose some unk[n]owne person haith informed your 
Honnour of some falshoods about them, as well as about all 
other affairs relating to this regiment, as there is scarse 
any thing that is bad but what we have been reputed to 
have been gilty of, whitch falshoods have been so spread 
that they are even by many belived to be truths that we 
are even a derision to the rabble of this army, an instance 
of whitch I met with last night in coming home, being 
stoped by a man of Cap* Goolding's company because I 
knew not the watch word and went in to the Captain, 
and after mutch time awaked him and informed him of 
my name and place and where I was bound, but I was 
called by him a lyar and a coward and sundry sutch pro- 
voking speaches from some of his men in the dark, but 
after some time 1 was by a file of musketears caryed 
before Coll. Richmond, but could have no redress, but 
got my liberty and so stayed theere untill this morning, 
and then got over, but I called and could not finde Cap' 
Goulding att home, and thought it not a proper time to 
£oe back then, this not being; the first nor second time I 
have met with things of this nature latly, and should be 
glad to know of your Honour whether things of this 
nature are to be publickly looked into or whether we are 
to deside sutch things in a private maner, for I think it 
too hard to baire. 1 came in the capacity of a Leu' Col 11 , 

1745.] LETTERS. 275 

but I think I have been used more like a common cen- 
tinell in sundry things sence I have been here & kno 
not the reason I have. Did my best endeaviours to serve 
my King & country as far as I was capable sence I have 
been here, though I have met with all the descouragm ts 
imaginable, and for what reasons I cannot tell, and I 
have had the honnour of commanding and being part 
of good ships, but now I cannot be intrusted to have y e 
charge of a small schooner after I had laide out concider- 
able upon her att my owne cost ; not that I expected one 
farthing proffitt by her if I had caryed her out ; but if 
your Honour had thought proper to give an order to 
take away all I had here except jest cloaths to cary me 
home I should have been more content then to finde a 
common sayler come over here with orders from yo r Hon- 
nor to take away a vessell that I had taken so mutch 
pains aboute without so mutch as aquanting the reason 
nor nothing elce, whitch I think is verry hard to bare and 
almost discourages me from doing any thing, but must be 
content to bare all, if your Honor thinks proper. 
Your most dutfull to com d . 

Jn° Gorham. 

P. S. Y e too men is dyed in this house from the Island 
Battry belonged to Coll. Eichmond's regiment. 


Canso, June 14, 1745. 

Sir, — On y e 5 th inst* I rec d y r Hon r ' s directions of y e 3 d , 
wherein y r Hon r is pleased on y e strongest motives, duty, 
hon r , & profit to recommend to me dispatch in finishing 
these works. I have so largly & so often laid before y r 
Hon r the difficultys that let the affair, to wit: want of 
tools & want of materials, that I have not any thing 
forther to alledg, & if any persons (as Cap* Donahew 
hinted to me the other day) have accused me of negli- 


gence, I must begg liberty to appeal to y r Hon r for the 
justification of my diligence in labouring on the works 
while y r IIon r was present and in sollisiting & even beg- 
ging for necessaries to carry y e work on ; and for the 
time since I dare appeal to the works themselves, to evi- 
dence the diligence of both officers & soldiers ; & to 
justify my frugality I need but mention y e shingles for 
covering y e barrack, which I have made out of the butts 
& strips of planks & boards left by the carpenters, & use- 
ing in some shape or other the timber & stuff of all kinds 
on the island, tho' most unsuitable. But I am more 
concerned for y e want of those tools & materials, whereby 
y e work is hindred & y e place kept in a weak & defence- 
less condition, than for any loss of hon r or profit that I 
may suffer by means of it, for as I came into this service 
with an expectation not only of loosing my time, but of 
expending a considerable sum of money in supporting 
myself & company, I shall not regret any thing of that 
kind y* may happen so long as I am conscious of doing 
my duty. Yet I greatfully accept y e assurance y r Hon r 
has been pleased to give me of y r Hon r ' s favour & interest, 
upon my assiduity in his Majesties service here, & hope 
y r Hon r will have no reason to charge me with any wants 
of it, in this or any other points of duty that y r Hon r 
may think fit to assign me. As y r Hon r is pleased to 
promise a more particular consideration of my letters, y r 
Hon r has, I hope, considered the indent I gave to the 
Engineer Gen 1 of necessaries wanting for these works. 
I begg leave to add that I am informed there are sundry 
blunderbusses in the army y t are of little service to y r 
rion r in the present situation, and begg y r Hon r would be 
pleased to bestow half a dozen of them on this place ; 
two for the great blockhouse, & one for each small one 
I have errected & am erecting on the several corners of 
y e square to command the bastions & platforms. On y e 
7 th instant Cap* Fones arrivd from y e fleet and informed 

1745.] LETTEES. 277 

me he had the Commodore's order to take with him 
along the north shore Cap* Donahevv & Cap fc Beckett, 
who had sailed to the Gutt the night before, so that I am 
quite destitute of any aid by sea, or so much as a packett 
to give intiligence of the enemy by land, should they be 
bound for Cape Breton or intend to enter this & the 
adjacent islands, which I am inclined to think they will 
attempt to do upon discouering our cruisers on the north 
shore. I should think it for the security of these works and 
for the safty of the troops placed here that a schooner or 
some other small vessell, a good sailer, be stationed here, 
to be employed as a packett upon any emergency. 

I have rec d the 5 th instent by Cap fc Donahew about a 
month's provisions for the companys posted here, & on 
the 11 th instent by Cap* Hodgekins two hogshds. French 
rum, the troops having been destitute for a week. L* 
Benj n Stansbury is returned, without the materials & tools 
I expected, by reason, as he says, that M r Hodgekins 
came from Chappeaurouge without his knowledge, and 
there was no other conveyance to be had. But the 
materials and tools, part of which, he says, he had pro- 
vided, being absolutely necessary, and being obliged to 
cease from working unless they arrive in a few days, I 
have again sent M r Stansbury with M* Hodgekins & y e 
small sloop to wait on y r Hon r , for the tools & materials 
already provided for this place, & such others as may be 
had. I have sent inclosed a copy of the indent I gave 
M r Bastide with some addition, cont a the necessaries want- 
ing for finishing the works here, which I doubt not y r 
Hon r will forw d as soon as may be. The ranging timber 
I did imagine might have been provided by Cap* Beckett 
as he past thro' this bay, could I have obtained the 
liberty from y r Hon r of sending a few of my people under 
a propper officer to assist him, as I requested of y r Hon r 
the 2 d instent. But being confined by y r Hon r ' s order of 
ye 2^st f ]y[ a y } as ^ enjoyning me not to suffer any of my 


people to go from this island, I could not procure any 
timber, & there is nothing on the island but old picketts 
of about six or seven feet long, unfit to build barracks 
with, & were they fitt they will be all wanted, and many 
more, to support the sodd battery & secure the glacis. 
Therefore if y r Hon r expected me to go forward with the 
works I must intreat y r Hon r would lend me a proper 
vessell to go up the bay, and allow me liberty to put a 
small number of those troops on board, or send with 
such vessell a sufficient force to guard such workmen as 
may be necessary for that end, & Cap* Bramham's sloop 
now in the harbour being suitable for that purpose, & the 
gentleman willing to undertake the service by y r Hon rs 
permission, I must beg the fauour of y r Hon rs order to 
him, or if he should be otherwise employed, some other 
vessell y r Hon r may think propper for that purpose. I 
have rec d of Cap* Bramham one month's provision & 
rum for eighty men, on board the sloops cruising in the 
Gutt of Can so, except part of the bread & pease that he 
could not supply, & have also rec d three barrels of pork 
& one of rum for these troops, being all he had to spare. 
But this in my humble opinion is too scant allowance for 
y e cruisers and for the troops posted here, & seems less 
than his Excellency Gov r Shirley by his letter of y e 23 d 
of April intended for this place, a copy whereof is 
inclosed. There is a small two-mast boat left here by 
Francis Sambrieux, who came in it from the Isle of 
Madam to seek his family, by invitation of Cap* Fernald, 
as I formerly advised y r Hon', which boatt is quite neces- 
sary for this place, having no other to land our stores or 
transport any materials from one part of the island to the 
other, I should be glad to have her continued here, being 
nnfitt to be carryed to Boston. I am, with the greatest 

Y r IIon r ' 3 most obed* humb. serv*. 

Ammi R. Cutter. 

To L* Genera] Pepper r ell. 

1745.] LETTERS. 279 

P. S. L* Stansbury having informed me that y r Hon r 
tho't it amiss that I should suffer the provisons to be 
carryed from hence to Cape Breton, & then send for y m 
back again, I have inclosed y r Hon r ' s order to me respect- 
ing all the provisions of any kind that should arrive 
hither from y e commissary gen 1 , whereby y r Hon r will see 
it was a matter of necessity & not of choice that I was 
twice left so nearly destitute of provisions as to have 
once but five days' allowance, & another time but seven 
days' allowance, & I can't but think it a very great 
hardship to be left so bare of ammunition with the ex- 
pectation of a numerous army to pass this way. There 
has not a vessell come into this harbour for many days 
but has expected to find us engaged, & I believe y r Hon r 
is not wholly unapprehensive of it. If the reason be 
shortness of ammunition in the fleet & army, I should be 
willing to take my chance with the rest of y e forces, 
which tho vastly more numerous are entrenched as well 
as these troops. I have not any intelligence from Cap fc 
Fones, nor can I expect any very soon, unless he meet 
the enemy in or near the Gutt of Canso, his orders being, 
as he informed me, to cruise up the Bay Vert, & to send 
a vessell from him once a week. I suppose he did not 
joyn Cap* Donahoe & Cap* Beckett before Sunday last, 
and the navigation on that shore being difficult, can't 
reasonably be expected 'till the middle or latter end of 
next week. I think myself obliged to acquaint y r Hon r 
that in case an escalade is proposed at Louisbourg I think 
I could project a flying bridge that w T ould afford both a 
safe & quick passage for y e troops, with less expence & 
hazard than any breach in the walls is attended with. 
And if there be no materials to carry on these works, it 
seems to me I can't be any farther serviceable to y e 
expedition by continuing in this place. But shall be 
ready to observe any orders y r Hon r shall think proper to 
give me. Y r humb. serv*. 

A. R. Cutter. 



Sir, — I this morning rec d y r favour of yesterday, and 
have now the pleasure to tell you that we wait only for 
y e men you are so good to supply our ships with, and a 
fair wind, to go in and attack y e town with y e vigour that 
becomes Englishmen, and we dont in the least doubt but 
you will do the same by land. Pray lett me know, if you 
can, how many boats & ladders we may depend upon in 
the harbour of Lewisburg, and if they are all ready. I 
beg the men may come off to-day, for if the wind is fair, 
I will certainly, God willing, go in to-morrow morning. 
I have order' d Cap tn Saunders to guard the vessels in the 
bay with the men belonging to y e transports that have y e 
men of warr's lumber on board, for he apprehends there 
may be danger from the Indians, and it wou'd be of the 
worst consequence to have the Annappolis storeship cut 
off. I am of y r oppinion y t she shoud be kept here, and 
any of her stores made use off that shall be absolutely 
necessary for the service in hand ; and I hope y e gov mt of 
New England will make good any deficiency made by you 
to the garrisson of Annappolis after this expedition is over. 
God grant us success. Pray keep y r battery s at work as 
fast as possible. I am, with perfect esteem, S r , 
Your most obed. serv*. 

P. Warren. 

Superb, off y e Camp, y e 14 th June, 1745. 
Lieu 1 Gen 11 Pepperel. 


Canso, Jun. 15, 1745. 

May it please y r Hon*, — This comes by Cap* Smith, 
just arrived in ten days from Boston, who brought a 
small supply of stores for this place T y e mem'd. inclosed, 
by whom his Excellency Gov r Shirley is pleased to let 

* This letter is apparently in Warren's own handwriting. — Eds. 

1745.] LETTERS. 281 

me know y r Hon r will supply me with what fuither stores 
& men may be necessary for the protection of this place 
against the body of French & Indians lately at Annapolis, 
& now drawn off by orders from Louisbourg, & that his 
Excellency has desir'd the Commodore to station at this 
place one of y e cruizers for a guard-vessell. I hope y r 
Hon. will be pleased to afford me as many troops as the 
present situation of the army will admit of, there being 
four hundred more ordered by the Massachusetts, two 
hundred by Connecticut, for a reinforcement of the army, 
besides what may be expected from the other provinces, 
as far as Pensylvania, who are apprized of y e state of the 
army. And y r Hon. will, I hope, allow me such materials 
& tools as may enable me to put this place in a proper 
posture of defence, of which I have advised y r Hon. by 
an indent T L* Stansbury, who sailed this morning on 
board Cap* Bramham, & that y r Hon. would give me 
liberty to pass from this island with a number of y e forces 
posted here, as I shall find it necessary, to place proper 
outguards for y e security of y e place & to procure such 
materials for y e works as may be had with ease near at 
hand, which the straitness of my present orders will not 
allow me to do, whereby I humbly apprehend the troops 
are more exposed & y e fortification of y e place obstructed. 
There is no advice of Cap* Fones & the cruizers with him. 
I have not any cohorn or royal to throw any shell withal, 
& in case of an attack by any land forces there will be 
great want of one or more, there being many cellars or 
other coverts near the garrison, where the enemy might 
lye within musquett shott of the works, & be out of reach 
of our guns. There are also wanting sundry materials 
necessary to fit them for service, a memorandum whereof 
by y e gunner is inclosed, which I must begg y r Hon r to 
send by M r Stansbury, or the first conveyance. I am 
Y r Hon r,s most obliged humb. seiV. 

Ammi R. Cutter, 

L* Gen 1 Pepperrell. 



Annapolis Royal, June 15 th , 1745. 
g IR? — Haveing had the hon r many years ago to have 
been acquainted with you at your father's house makes 
me presume that I may not be entirely blotted out of 
your memory, and makes me take the liberty of congrat- 
ulateing you on your being at the head of so glorious an 
enterprise as that of reduceing Cape Briton, the pride of 
France, in which I pray to God to grant you all imagin- 
able success. I should have been a volonteer with you, 
Sir, had not my good friend M r Bastide, who, I hope, is 
with you, long since atached me so closely to the ord- 
nance service here by apointing me to act as storekeeper 
and paymaster, prevented me ; and whereas, Sir, the 
Lords of the Admiralty have hon d me with the commis- 
sion of being there commissary for this province, I have 
apointed Cap* Cutter at Canso to be my deputy, which 
I hope you'l aprove, and am with greatest respect, Sir, 
Your most obed fc humble serv*. 

Ed. How. 

Gen 11 Peperell. 


June 18 th , 1745. 


May it please your Excellency, — It is with the 
utmost pleasure that I now congratulate you & my 
country on the happy issue of our enterprise against 
Louisbourg, which was effected thro' God's goodness by 

* Capt. Edward How was made a member of the Council at Annapolis in 1736, and was 
employed in various p^sts. In 1747 he taken prisoner by the French, and afterward 
exchanged. In 1749 he was sworn in as a member of the Council of Nova Scotia; and in 
1750 he was brutally murdered. See Murdoch's History of Nova Scotia, vol. i. p. 516; vol. 
ii. pp. 107, 152, 192. -Ens. 

t On the same day Pepperrell wrote in almost identical terms to Gov. Law of Con- 
necticut, merely substituting " Connecticut regiment " for "New Hampshire regiment." — 

1745.] LETTERS. 283 

a surrender of this strong fortress on the 16 th ins* upon 
terms of capitulation agreed to with the Govern 1 of s d 
place by Commodore Warren and myself, w ch have 
desir'd Col° Moore to forward you the perticulars of, w ch 
am perswaded you '11 excuse, as I am in the utmost 
hurry in putting affairs in a proper disposition and trans- 
mitting to his Majesty an account of our success and of 
the state of the garrison, &c. 

The next day the ships entered the harbour, & a de- 
tachment of our troops with myself march'd into the 
town. Our army has undergone incredible fatigues with 
all possible chearfulness, in which the New Hampshire 
regiment has been always ready to take their share, and 
I hope will be rewarded accordingly. We have been 
very happy in having the fleet commanded by a gentle- 
man of Commodore Warren's superiour worth & good- 
ness. He has shewn an intire readiness to do all in his 
power to assist us. Since we have been in this place I 
am inform'd of a large body of Indians drawing very 
near us, but hope one of the good consequences of reduc- 
ing this place will be detering our Indian neighbours 
from ever molesting the English settlements on any part 
of our continent again. 

Your, &c. 

W. P. 

Excellency Gov r Wentworth. 


On his Maj* Service. To Lieuten* General Peperel, &c a . 

Superbe, in Lewisbourg Harbour, the 20 June, 1745. 

Sir, — I wish the expresses coud be dispatchd to Eng- 
land and Boston to-day. If you & I write a joynt letter 
to the Duke of Newcastle, I think it will be the best way, 
and in it wee can tell him that wee hope his Majesty will 
be graciously pleas'd to reward the officers and men, both 


belonging to the troops under your command and to the 
squadron under mine, by preferment or otherwise, wee 
having, to encourage them, given our words and honour 
that wee wou'd recommend all such as shou'd behave 
themselves well to his Majesty's bounty and favour, and 
that wee also pray that such men as have been maimd or 
have lost limbs upon this expedition, and by that means 
are incapable of getting bread, and all widdows whose 
husbands have been killd in this service, be allowd such 
pensions for their support as his Majesty shall think fitt, 
and that as the troops were in hopes of getting a con- 
siderable deal of plunder, in which they are disappointed 
by the surrender of the town upon the conditions of a 
capitulation, wee farther hope that such of them as shall 
not chuse to be rewarded by preferment may be consid- 
erd and rewarded in such other shape as his Maj. shall 
think proper. A general recommendation in this manner 
I am well assur'd will have a good effect, and if you woud 
chuse to have any part of the troops regimented, to re- 
commend that I dare say wou'd have the same, and that 
the officers that shou'd desire it wou'd be confirind, and 
those that did not w'oud be rewarded in some other way. 
Wee shoud certainly appoint officers immediately for our 
more regular proceeding, such as Fort Major, Storekeeper 
of the Ordnance, Town Major, Master Gunner, Gunners & 
Montrosses, Commissary of the Provisions for the troops 
in garrison, for I apprehend the troops that will garrison 
this place will be allowd the same provision in addition to 
their pay with those at Gibralter, which is two thirds as 
much as seamen. All these posts when establish'd on 
sterling salarys will be no bad things, and as I have no- 
body to recommend for those offices but those gentlemen 
belonging to the troops under your command, I will with 
the greatest pleasure joyn with you in appointing and 
recommending such of them as you shall judge are quaii- 
fy'd for each respective post. There shoud be a Judge 

1745.] LETTERS. 285 

and Court of Admiralty appointed for the condemnation 
of prizes. If you approve of this, pray let me know your 
sentiments, and then it will be proper to communicate 
this to all the officers and private men of your troops. I 
think you may call a Council upon this, at which I will 
with pleasure, if you desire it, assist. I am, S r , 
Y r most obed. serv*. 

P. Warren. 

L* General Pepper ell. 


Louisbourg, June 20 th , 1745. 

Sir, — I have just receiv'd your favour of this morning, 
for the contents of which am much oblig'd to you, es- 
pecially what you mention of a joint letter to the Duke 
of Newcastle I esteem exceeding kind & good, and beg 
the favour of you to write and I shall with pleasure join 
with you in signifying the same. I am also of your 
opinion that proper officers should be thought of, and I am 
ready to join with you in appointing such' as you and 
I shall think best qualified. The news we had of the 
Indians occasions my officers to be at present exceed- 
ingly hurried in' getting into the town our stores, &c. 
But I shall as soon as possible call a Council, at which 
shall esteem your presence a great favour, & am 

Your, &c. 

W. P. 

Hon ble Cora Warren. 


Boston, 22 d June, 1745. 

Hon d & dear Sir, — The last time I did myself the 
honour of writing you was by Cap* Smith, who I hope is 

* Nathaniel Sparhawk wrote many letters to his father-in-law, especially after the 
capture of Louisbourg, and was persistent in his efforts to obtain valuable contracts and 
other pecuniary advantages for himself and the firm of Colman & Sparhawk, of which he 
was a member. See ante, p. 133 n. — Eds. 


safe with you long 'ere this. Since, is arrived here Cap* 
Gayton, Snelling, & a number of transports. I have by 
neither of 'em a line from you, which is no small mortifi- 
cation to me. I have, however, the sattisfaction of hear- 
ing of the state of affairs at Louisbourg, by those that are 
come from thence and by yo r letters & Cohlodore 
Warren's to his Excellency, which with the enjoyment of 
yo r health & the continuance of yo r firm resolution affords 
y e happy prospect of success in the important enterprise 
of reducing to obedience the enemy in so strong & regu- 
larly a fortifyed place as Cape Breton is. May the Al- 
mighty God prevent a defeat to our forces, & in great 
favour give us victory without the loss of many lives ; and 
in a particular manner may yo r life & health be preserved 
and yo r return be speedy, happy, & glorious. The scene 
has looked very dark and discouraging to me hitherto. But 
now I promise myself your endeavours will be crowned 
with victory. This waits on you by M r Gicldings, who 
the Committee dispatches, a single vessell with one com- 
pany only, belonging to Coll Choate's regiment. The 
other companys I expect will sail to-morrow to compleat 
y e number of 400. You will soon have 400 more under 
comand of Coll Bourn or Cap* Watts of Chelsey, as the 
General Court have consented to an impress on the pre- 
sent emergency; and I hope you'l not want any warlike 
stores, as I beleive their is the utmost care taken in these 
regards, and the whole country is spirited wonderfully, 
not only to furnish these things but recruits. The other 
governments will also do considerably, so that in a very 
little time I beleive you may depend on at least 2000 
recruits. I should have been with you by some of these 
vessells was it not for the service I apprehended I could 
do in regard of the expedition and the defence of the 
eastern frontiers, which last has met with great opposition, 
and no more then 460 men could be obtained in addition 
to those before established there, being abo* 200, tho I 

1745.J LETTERS. 287 

think we ought to have 1000 at least. Another reason, 
& the prevailing one with me, for my being at this dis- 
tance from you in yo r difficulty's, is your express prohi- 
bition not to come down. But at times I am & have 
been ready to break through every difficulty. I should 
have now sent you some shoats & fowles, but did n't 
expect an oppertunity till the middle of the week, when 
I hope you wont fail of some fresh stock, which I fear 
you suffer for want of. I shall then write you farther & 
I hope in a more suitable and better manner y n the great 
hurry I am put in by Giddings' unexpected departure to- 
day puts me in. Allow me in the interim to assure 
you of all the respect & affection due to a most desireable 
& truly valuable parent, from his most obedient son & 

devoted serv*. AT 

N. Sparhawk. 

Herewith is a letter from my dear Mother Pepperrell 
& Bro r Andrew. 

Please to turn over. 

General Pepperrell. 

Let me beg, Sir, that you will the next oppertunity 
give me as particular account of the state of the army, 
& if the place should not then be reduced of y e prospect 
you have, & the method thought most eligible to proceed 
in to effect what is so much to be wished for, — this if it 
be consistent with your wisdom & convenience. I am, 
Hon d Sir, 

Y r obedient son. 

N. Sparhawk. 

P. S. My hearty respect to Coll Waldo (who I wrote 
T Smith) & any enquiring friends. The masting busyness 
suffers very much for want of M r Bragdon, that if you 
could spare him without detriment to the expedition I 
should be very glad. 



Boston, June 22, 1745. 

Sir, — Since the departure of Smith I have receiv'd 
yours by Giddings, Gayton, and the schooner sent to An- 
napolis, and can only in a cursory manner let you know 
that our Assembly have voted 1000 mo 1 re men, about 400 
or more of which I now send, and will endeavour to have 
the rest ready to come by Eouse, and that I am in hopes 
near 800 more may be rais'd within New Hampshire, Con- 
necticut, and Rhode Island, to come by Rouse. I now send 
you 400 barrells of powder, [blank] shot of 42 lb , five hun- 
dred of 18 lb , two hundred of 22 lb , and [blank] of 9 lb , [blank] 
shejls for the 11 inch mortar, thirty-five shells for the 
13 inch mortar, [blank] fuses and [blank] shells for the 
cohorns, and that the remainder of the shot and shells 
shall be sent by Rouse. The Committee will give you an 
account of provisions. 

I hope by this time that the Sunderland and Canter- 
bury, men of war, are arriv'd, and you are in possession 
of Louisbourg. Nothing in my power shall be wanting to 
you, and I hope by their sending more ships from home, 
they will soon send you troops too. 

I must recommend to your favour and protection M r 
Monk, M r Dering's son-in-law, who carries an Aid du 
Camp's commission in his pocket. 

I am in the midst of the greatest hurry and perplexity, 
with great regard and esteem, Sir, 

Your most assur'd friend and servant. 

W. SniRLET. 

I cannot fill up the blanks ; but you will have a sched- 
ule of everything from the Committee, except of some 42 lb 

* There is a duplicate of this letter among the Pepperroll Papers, with the omission of a 
part of the postscript, — hoth in Shirley's own handwriting. — Eds. 

1745.] LETTERS. 289 

shott put on board Snelling from the Castle and 500-9 lb 
shot from the same place. 

P. S. I am afraid Brigadier Waldo will think it unkind 
in me not to send him a line. Pray let him know I will 
write largely by Rouse ; and give my service to Brigadier 
D wight and Col. Bradstreet. I have taken care of the 
French boy for Col. Bwight, whom I shall give a regim* to : 
one company, viz*, those enlisted by M r Thomas of Plim- 
outh, under Lieuten* Samuel Jackson now goes. Thomas 
himself is to be Lieutenant Colonel. An order was passed 
by the King in Council for fortifying Canso in the same 
manner w ch it is now doing in, w ch M rs Bastide now trans- 
mits to M r Bastide after my perusal of it. Pray send 
down instantly to Cutter two months' provisions for 90 
men, a box of candles, and rum ; you need not fear w 7 ant. 
And be pleas'd to excuse me to M r Bastide 'till next con- 
veyance, when I will write at large, and tell him I shall in 
the mean time write to the Board of Ordnance. I have 
a perfect satisfaction in your conduct, and think it ex- 
tremely happy for your country y* you went. 

Lieuten* General Pepperill. 


To Lieu 1 General Peperill, &c a . 

Sir, — I am of oppinion y t we shoud send Cap tn Rouse 
to England with an express, and as he is a very deserving 
man, and has done his country great service, I am per- 
suaded my recommending him w T oud gett him the comand 
of one of y e King's snows and y e New England station. 
I am, S r , 

Your most humble serv\ 

P. Warren. 

26 June. 

Gen 11 Peperel. 




S R , — Your favour of this date I received. Am pleas'* 
that you desire to send Cap fc Rowse to England ; do think 
he is a person worthy of yo r notice, and am senseable he 
will always acknowledge y e favours you bestow on him, 
& will behave himself e so that yo r juclgm 1 in recom- 
mending him will be applaud d . 

The Secreta waits on you with y e commissions for the 
Court of Admiralty. If you have not pitcht upon any 
person for y e Marshal, I believe y t M r W m Winslow would 
behave himselfe well in that office, and it would be an act 
of charity to serve an unfortunate gent n . I am, S r , 
Yo r very hum bIe serv fc . 

W M . Pepperrell. 

26 June, 1745. 

Honor ble Peter Warren, Esq r . 


May it please your Lordships, — I do myself the 
honour to congratulate you on the success of his 
Majesty's arms in the reduction of Louisbourg & terri- 
tories adjacent, which were surrendered to his obedience 
y e 16 th ins fc on terms of capitulation, copy of which have 
herewith inclos'd to your Lordships. The timely assist- 
ance of the squadron of his Majesty's ships sent here 
demand our highest thanks, & I esteem it a peculiar 
favour that they were under the command of a gentle- 
man of such distinguished merit, & so universally be- 
loved in New England as Commodore Warren ; his entire 
readiness to give the army all possible assistance was 
extreamly engaging. The day that a suspension of 
hostilities was desired by the enemy we had agreed upon 

1745.] LETTERS. 291 

a general assault by sea & land, and six hundred of the 
troops were pat on board his Majest' 8 ships the better to 
man them for that purpose. 

I presume the acquisition of this place of so much 
importance to the trade of his Majesty's subjects in 
America will be peculiarly agreable to him & the whole 
nation, and that speedy measures will be taken for the 
security thereof and the setling this island, w ch I humbly 
apprehend nothing will more conduce to than his 
Majesty's establishing a civil government here, & making 
Louisbourg a free port for some years. I cant but flatter 
myself that our success in the reduction of this place (so 
much the pride of France) is an happy prelude to some 
further progress against the French settlements in 
America, w ch should it please his Majesty to promote, I 
am perswaded his N. Eng d subjects will chearfully 
offer their weak services. 

There being several prizes in this harbour, w 7 hich have 
on board many necessaries that the troops are in absolute 
want of, has occasion'd my joining w th Commodore War- 
ren in appointing proper officers for the legal trya.ll & 
condemnation of them, for which I presume your Lord- 
ships w 7 ill allow the exigency to be a reasonable excuse. 
I am 

Your Lordships' most obedient humble serv*. 

W. P. 

Louisbourg, June 26 th , 1745. 

The Lords Com rs of the Admiralty of Great Brittain, &c. 


Lewisbourg, the 27 th of June, 1745. 

Sir, — In my last letters by Cap* Montagu, to the 
Ministry and Admir y I gave them an acc° of our being in 
possession of this garrison, and that as it wanted an im- 
mediate repair to make it tenable, till his Maj' s pleasure 


shoud be known, I desired they woud answer such bills 
as I shoud draw for that purpose, because I thought the 
Collonys who had already been at very great expence, 
woud not take it upon them to repair & maintain this 
town and garrison. I am now going to send duplicates 
of my said letters home, and as I understand a vote has 
passd your Council wherein you propose that the 
Collonys shall take the whole expence upon them, you'll 
give me leave to mention it to the Ministry, and to 
recommend it to you as of the greatest consequence that 
the repairs of the garrison be immediately begun under 
the direction of M r Bastide, one of his Maj' 3 Engineers, 
who came here to attend the seige, and on whom I have 
prevaild to remain here 'till we can recieve orders from 
home, and that a stock of provisions be laid in, and fire 
wood, with a suffitient quantity of ammunition and other 
warlike stores for the mentainance of the troops and the 
support of so valuable an acquisition to our country. I 
will assist you with everything in my power, and the 
sooner this garrison is put in a posture of defence the 
sooner I shall be enabled to send out some cruizers to 
intercept the enemy's going to Quebeck, which will 
render the reduction of that place practicable, if his 
Majesty shall think it necessary to attempt it next 

As the autumn in which you cant carry on the repairs 
of the garrison or town is advancing, it is highly neces- 
sary to begin the repairs and laying in the stores as soon 
as possible. You know the severity of the winter cuts 
off jour communication from all his Majesty's settlements 
for six or seven months, and that the ravages of war has 
left no provision in this country, not even for the inhabi- 
tants, who, I apprehend, cant be all transported this fall, 
and must therefore be mentained by you till they can. 
I hope as you have undertaken an affair of so much con- 
sequence that there will be no want of money or neces- 

1745.] LETTERS. 293 

sarys to enable the troops to keep possession. It 
behoves you, Sir, maturely to consider, and in time, of 
every particular that can contribute to the support and 
security of this important acquisition, as the loss of it 
woud be of the worst consequence and greatest discredit 
to you. 

As the vessel sails for England to-morrow, I beg the 
favour of your answer to this, and that you will please in 
a distinct manner to apprise me of the measures you pro- 
pose to take for the support of this fortress and territory, 
that I may be by that enabled to judge how I shall best 
employ myself and squadron for his Maj' s service. 

I am well assur'd 'tis in y r power & mine to grant the 
lands & houses of this town and territory to encourage 
people that are willing to settle in this country under 
proper regulations 'till the King's pleasure is known, and 
poor people and familys will be glad to take them upon 
these conditions, and I persuade myself his Maj y will 
either confirm our grants or give them such as shall be 
equal, if not more advantageous to them. 

As there are a great number of shalloways and other 
fishing boats here, if they were given to such poor 
familys as woud settle, it woud be a great encouragem* 
to them. If you approve of this, and we shoud publish 
it in all the Collonys, I make no doubt but we might soon 
see such a number of inhabitants here as will be able with 
a proper garrison to support this country against the 
power of France. I am, with esteem, Sir, 
Your most obed fc humble serv*. 

P. Warren. 

Lieu* General Pepeeell, &c a . 



Canso, Jun. 27, 1745. 

Hon d Sir, — Last Sunday Cap* Beckett came in from 
the Gutt of Canso with a letter from Cap* Fones, dated 
the 22 a ins*, advising that that day week he met with the 
French & Indians, as he tho't to the number of twelve 
hundred, but gave them so warm a reception that he 
caused them to retire with precipitance, & for particulars 
referd to Cap* Beckett, & sent also a letter to Adm 1 
Warren. But there being no vessell in the harbour fit 
to put to sea I could not forward the advice. Yesterday, 
Cap* Tyng past by the harbour, but I was not able to put 
a letter on board him, notwithstanding I fired three guns 
at about four minutes distance one after the other, my boat 
rowing off from the harbour all the time. To-day Cap* 
Beckett returnd into the harbour, and informs me he is 
bound to Chappeaurouge Bay, with a packett from Cap* 
Fones to the Admiral, & by him y r Hon r will be infornid 
of the action at Tackmaurush much better than I can re- 
late it at second hand ; but begg leave to observe to y r 
Hon r that I think it most probable this formidable army 
having met w r ith so little success at sea will soon quit 
their sloops & schooners & take to their canoos, which y r 
Hon r well knows they can repair in a few hours, or if 
they have not one left could furnish themselves in one 
day at this season of the year with canoos enough to pass 
any of the bays, gutts, or rivers that lye in their way 
towards Cape Breton, and in their passage it is most 
probable they will take care to avoid Cap* Fones & Cap* 
Donahew, and come over the carrying places to Sheeta- 
bucter or White Head, which will be very handy to pay 
us a visit (in their way to y r Hon r ), and then land at S* 
Peters or some place near it ; and I am the more inclined 
to this opinion for that the messengers that returned 
from Annapolis to Cape Breton with the notice that this 

1745.] LETTERS. 295 

army was coming passed by the island of Madam, as I 
inform'd y r Hon r , the 26 th of May last. I hope y r Hon r 
will be provided to receive them at the camp in case y° 
are not in possession of the city before their arrival. 
But had much rather a number of our small cruizers 
should intercept them before they land on Cape Breton, 
which I think there is a great probability they might do, 
were a considerable number of them stationed round the 
western part of the island. I have so often repeated to 
y r Hon r the defencless condition of these troops for want 
of tools & materialls to fortify the place, & ammunition & 
proper arms to defend themselves, that I think I shall be 
justified before God, let their fate be as it will, after the 
best defence I can make ; but I hope to receive a better 
supply by Lt. Stansbury, and a sufficient reinforcement 
of these troops with a proper guard vessell for this 
harbour, agreeable to what his Excellency Gov r Shirley 
was pleased to let me know I might expect. I wish y r 
Hon r success & victory, and am 

Y r Hon rs most obed fc humb. serv*. 

Ammi R. Cutter. 

To L* Gen rl Pepperrell. 

P. S. I have but three weeks provisions for these 
troops. A. R. C. 

I have sent by Cap* Beckett a rough model of a flying 
bridge to scale the walls of Louisbourg, if y r Hon r is not 
in possession of y e city already. It is to be covered with 
thin boards & cleets to be nailed across,- two feet apart, to 
prevent the men from slipping as they go over, & if there 
be danger of fire may be covered with raw hides, &c. It 
is constructed by a scale of four feet to an inch, supposed 
to rise thirty feet, & to be wide eno' for eight men to 
pass abrest, & may have rails to prevent the men from 
falling off it as y y pass. A thousand men may pass over 
it in four minutes from the time the first man passes the 


wall, & may be built so light that twenty men may carry 
it on their shoulders, & raise it in a minute after it is bro't 
to the wall. There may be two, three, or four of them 
built for a small expence, & will have this advantage 
above scaling at a breach, that any part of y e city wall 
may be chosen that is least suspected of mines, or any 
new fortifications within the wall, & may be moved from 
one place to another as there may be occasion. It re- 
quires only two single blocks & two double blocks, & 
two hundred fathoms of three inch rope to rigg it. 

A. R. C. 


To the Honorable Lieu* General Pepperrell, Commander in Chief of 
his Majesty's Troops at the Camp before Louisbourg, on the 
Island Breton. 

Hon ble Sir, — My last was of the 27 th of April by Ward, 
& acknowledged the receipt of your favour of the 9 th of 
the same month by Fletcher's prize from Canso. I 
would write you by every opportunity, but you have so 
many friends at Boston who can give you better intelli- 
gence that I forbear lest my correspondence should be 
troublesome. However, when anything occurrs to me 
that affects your reputation the friendship I owe you, and 
the regard I have for your charecter, constrains me to 
impart it. Accordingly I have inclosed a copy of what 
has ben laid before our Assembly, which shows a com- 
plaint has gone from hence to Boston against you for 
injustice.* Who sent the information from the camp 

* The following extract, in the handwriting of Waldron, and marked "Copy," is filed 
with this letter: "Council Chamber, June 17, 1745. Paragraph of his Ex c y Gov 1 
Shirley's letter, upon his Excellency's complaining that the New Hamp r regiment was put 
on extraordinary duty, &ca. I had not read your Excellency's favour by the post when I 
dispatch' d my express. I cant think M r Pepperrell is capable of doing injustice to the 
New IIamp r regiment, but I desire you would be pleased to let your people know that if 
any thing of that kind has happened, I will be personally answerable for their good usage 
for the future, and shall send express orders for that purpose to the General." — Eds. 

1745.] LETTERS. 297 

hither I have not heard, but I presume you will be able 
to make a near guess, without the spirit of prophesy. I 
hope my son's behaviour has ben, and will be, such as 
to merit your favour, and if so, I promise myself you'l 
have him in remembrance if an opportunity should offer 
for his promotion. I wish you health and victory and a 
safe return, and am, dear Sir," 

Your most obedient and obliged humble servant. 

Rich d Waldron. 

P. S. How gentlemanlike would it have ben upon 
receiving an information against you to have acquainted 
you with it, and desired justice ; and how much is it 
the reverse to make a complaint against you, and then to 
lay the answer before the Assembly, and thereby publish 
it to the world. 

Yo rs . R. W. 

Hon ble General Pepperrell. 


Louisbourg, June 28 th , 1745= 

Sir, — In answer to your favour of yesterday, I would 
observe to you that the same reasons w ch you suggest 
therein, viz*, the advances of the summer and the imprac- 
ticableness of effecting repairs and of oar having commu- 
nication with his Majesties other settlements prompted 
the Council to advise that this place should be immedi- 
ately repaired as far as is necessary for the defence 
thereof, and the accommodation of the army, and safety 
of the provisions & stores, and as we cou'd not presume 
to engage his Majesty's pay to the workmen, we had no 
other expedient but to refer their pay to the respective 
governments who assisted in the expedition till their 
mind may be known upon it, apprehending that it lays 


with those our constituents to make application to his 
Majesty for reimbursements of the expence. But if you 
are willing to draw for the same, I shall with pleasure 
acquiesce therein, and the army shall attend under 
proper overseers & take the directions of M r Bastide, his 
Majes 8 Engineer, to do everything of that nature w ch there 
are materials here to effect, and I have wrote to Gov r 
Shirley that we wanted a large supply of all materials for 
repairs, & I'm perswaded he will hasten the same. As to 
firewood the Council voted several days since that a 
number of the transports should be sent to fetch in all 
the wood cut in the neighbouring places, of which am 
inform'd there are some thousands of cords, and they only 
w r ait your leave to proceed thereon, w th a suitable guard 
vessell, either one of our cruizers or any other you think 
proper. As to the necessary supply of provissions, I don't 
know what further method I can at present take for pro- 
curing them, more than w 7 hat has been done by notifying 
the governments of N. Eng d of the necessity of a supply 
till his Majesties commands can be known. I immagine 
the letters you wrote to the Govern 18 of the several 
colonies will engage them to assist in said supply. As to 
ammunition & other warlike stores, I have also wrote 
Govern r Shirley,' and you know, S r , in our joint letter to 
the Duke of Newcastle, we represented the necessity of 
a large supply of all kinds, also of provissions & troops 
w cb letter hope will arrive early to his Grace. I am 
entirely ready to come into any measures that shall be 
thought adviseable for the encouragement of any persons 
& families who are willing to settle here, & everything 
else in my power for com pleating the affair w 7 e have 
been already so happy as to make so good progress in, 
and am, with esteem, S r , 

Your most humble serv*. 

W. P. 

Hoil b,e Commodore Warren. 

1745.] LETTERS. 299 


Louisbourg, June 28 th , 1745. 

My Lord Duke, — I have already had the honour to 
transmitt to your Grace in conjunction w th Commodore 
Warren an acc fc of the success of his Majesties arms in the 
reduction of Louisbourg and territories adjacent to his 
Majesties obedience, which was happily effected on the 
sixteenth ins*, by an army of his Majesties New English 
subjects whom I have the honour to be at the head of, 
assisted on the seaside by a squadron of his Majesty's 
ships under the command of M r Warren, said fortresses & 
territories being surrendered on terms of capitulation, of 
which a copy was forwarded to your Grace with our let- 
ter, and duplicate thereof is herewith inclosed. On the 
17 th ins* his Majesty's ships entered the harbour, and the 
same day part of the troops with myself marched into 
the city. Since which have used the utmost dilligence 
in making the proper dispositions for the security and 
good regulation of the place, and the speedy evacuation 
of it, agreable to the terms of capitulation. I have now 
the honour to inclose to your Grace an ace* of what 
troops were rais'd in each of his Majesty's governments 
in New Eng d which were aiding in this expedition t and 
the present state of them, and I flatter myself that his 
Majesty will be graciously pleas'd to approve of their 
zeal in voluntarily engaging in so expensive and hazard- 
ous an enterprize, even before they had notice of any 
other naval force than the private vessels of war fitted 
out by themselves. And I humbly beg your Grace's 
leave to say that I should not do my fellow soldiers 
justice if I omitted this opportunity to assure your Grace 

* Thomas Pelham, Duke of Newcastle (born in 1693, died in 1768) was at this time 
Secretary of State. He afterward became First Lord of the Treasury. — Eds. 

t 1ST. B. All the officers' names were sent home, placed according to their rank. — 
Marginal Note. 


that they have with the utmost chearfulness endured 
almost incredible hardships, not only those necessarily 
incident to a camp in such an inclement climate, where 
their lod<nnor and accommodations cou'd not be but of 
the. poorest sort, but also in landing and transporting with 
infinite industry and pains our heavy artillery (some of 
which were 42 lbs cannon) several miles in cold foggy 
nights over almost impassible bogs, morasses and rocky 
hills, also in landing the warlike stores and provisions, in 
doing which they were extreamly exposed ; and at the 
same time we were oblig'd to keep out large detachments 
to range the woods in order to intercept and disperse 
parties of the French and Indian enemy who were 
gathering together behind us, with whom we had several 
skirmishes, in all which we routed the enemy, killed and 
wounded many of them, and took upwards of two hun- 
dred prisoners. Several sallies were made from the 
town, in all which we repuls'd the enemy w th very little 
loss on our side, and we have been so happy thro' God's 
goodness as not to lose above 100 men by the enemy in 
the whole of this great enterprize. They held out 
against a close siege of forty-nine days, during w ch time 
we rais'd five fascine batteries, from whence, and a large 
battery deserted by the enemy on our landing, we gave 
them above nine thousand cannon ball and about six hun- 
dred bombs, w ch greatly distressed them and much dam- 
aged their fortifications, and in perticular rendered useless 
the most considerable battery of the town (call'd the 
Circular Battery) which mounted sixteen large cannon & 
very much commanded the harbour. The fatigue of our 
men in all these services w T as so great that we had near 
fifteen hundred sick at a time. Notwithstanding all 
which they not only continued to express the greatest 
zeal to go on vigorously against the enemy, but in 
general generously acquiesced in the loss of the plunder 
they expected from the riches of the city, and tho' 

1745.] LETTERS. 301 

undisciplined troops I am perswaded his Majesty has not 
in his dominions a number of subjects more universally 
loyal, or that could possibly express greater readiness to 
spend their lives in the cause they were embarked in for 
his Majesty's honour and the good of their country. I 
esteem it a peculiar favour and of the happiest conse- 
quence that his Majesty's ships sent so timely to our 
assistance were under the command of a gentleman of 
such distinguished merit and so universally belov'd in N. 
Eng d as Commodore Warren. He has constantly exerted 
himself to give the army all possible assistance, and the 
same day that a suspension of hostilities was desired by 
the enemy, we had determin'd upon a general assault by 
land and sea, and for the better manning the ships for 
that purpose it was agreed to spare them six hundred 
men out of our troops. I have the honour also to inform 
your Grace that in our way from New Eng d we stopt at 
Canso, and began to rebuild the fortification there, which 
the French destroy'd last year, and left eight cannon 
with the necessary stores and eighty men of the troops 
to compleat and defend the same, which hope will meet 
with his Majesty's gracious approbation. We have also 
destroy'd the town and fort of S* Peters and several 
other considerable settlements upon this island ; and 
may the happy success of this expedition against Louis- 
bourg (the pride of France) whereby his Majesty has the 
key of the great river of S fc Lawrence, and by w ch the 
absolute command of the fishery and indeed very much 
of the whole trade of North America is secured to his 
Majesty's subjects, be an happy prelude to the reduction 
of all the French settlements in America, in which, will 
your Grace permit me to say, I am confident his 
Majesty's New English subjects will at all times be ready 
to contribute their utmost assistance, as far as their cir- 
cumstances will admit of. And his Majesty's great 
goodness leaves no room to doubt but that he will be 


graciously pleas'd to express his royal favour toward 
those who engag'd in this expedition in such manner as 
will animate them and their countrey to proceed further 
with the greatest chearfullness. I must not omitt to 
acquaint your Grace that the French in conjunction w th 
the Indian enemy had prepared to besiege the garrison 
of Annapolis Royal this summer ; seven or eight hundred 
of them having gathered together there, expecting, as 
'tis said, an armament from France to join them, but were 
call'd off from thence to the relief of Louisbourg, but did 
not arrive in season. It appears there were notwith- 
standing about 2000 men able to bear arms in the city 
when it was surrendered. 

1 now have the honour to inclose also to your Grace an 
account of the state of this fortress, and of the stores 
found here, and beg your Grace's leave to mention that 
the inclemency of this climate will render it absolutely 
necessary that particular care be taken for the warm 
cloathing and lodging of the troops posted here. I pre- 
sume his Majesty will be pleas'd forth w th to make known 
his royall pleasure relating to this important place, 'till 
which time I shall endeavour with the utmost loyalty 
and my best discretion to promote the security and good 
regulation thereof, and beg leave to subscribe myself, with 
all possible duty & respect, may it please your Grace, 

Your Grace's most obed fc and most humble seiV. 

W. P. 

Louisbourg, June 28 th , 1745. 

His Grace, the Duke of Newcastle, &c, &c., &c. 


Louisbourg, June the 2S th , 1745. 

S R , — Inclosed I send you a general account and esti- 
mate of the repairs immediately wanted to the fortifica- 
tions of this town and batterys, and to the publick 

1745.] LETTEKS. 303 

buildings in the town and the batterys, the total of 
which is, sterling money, £9033.8.6. You have occa- 
sion for a great stock of lumber, lime, bricks, iron, nails, 
spikes, shingles, clapboards, and window glass. I am, 
with great esteem, S r , 

Your most humble and most obed fc serv fc . 

J. H. Bastide. 

Hon ble Lieut* Gen 11 Pepperel. 


Louisbourg, June 29 th , 1745. 

May it please your Excellency, — Inclos'd is copy 
of my last T Bennet, who sail'd from hence 20 th ins*. This 
minute (being evening) Cap 1 Cornwall informs me that 
he is to sail for Boston at break of day to-morrow morn- 
ing, so that can only acquaint your Excellency we have 
improv'd every moment of time since being here in get- 
ting things into good order. The Council of War has 
advis'd to employing the army in making some repairs 
in the works. Copy of their vote whereon have inclos'd 
to your Excellency. I am also advis'd by them earnestly 
to request your Excellency's coining to Louisbourg as 
soon as possible, which they unanimously apprehend will 
be of very great advantage ; and I hope your Excellency 
will be so good as to favour us w th your presence here 
very soon. Cap* Bosch sail'd for England 22 d ins* with 
Cap* Montague on board, who carried w th him a joint let- 
ter from Commodore Warren & myself to the Duke of 
Newcastle, copy of which have inclos'd. The Commodore 
has also ordered Bous to Eng d with duplicate of your 
letter T Bosch, and since I have been writing this the 
Cap* tels me by the Commodore's direction that he had 
ordered him to be ready to sail at an hour's warn g , and 
prays my letters immediately, which obliges me to beg 


your Excellency's leave to omitt being perticular 'till 
Cap 1 Saunders sails, which will be to-morrow or the next 
day, by whom shall send your Excellency copies of what 
I propose to write to Eng d V Rous. I have inclosed here- 
with duplicates of the capitulation. I am much concern'd 
about a sufficient supply of warlike stores & provisions 
to be laid in in season. 

I believe the report of the Indians being near us in 
such a body was false. Commodore Warren is preparing 
to send off the French officers & their families in the Lan- 
ceston, with whom several of our transports are to sail for 
France with prisoners ; hope the town will be ready for 
the reception of your Excellency in an agreable manner 
before the return of the man of war. I am, may it please 
your Excellency, w th all possible respect, 

Your Excellency's most obed* and most humb. serv\ 

W. P. 

His Excellency Gov r Shirley, &c, &c, &c. 


S R , — This serves to acquaint you that we have raised 
in this Colony three companies of soldiers for his Majes- 
ty's service in the expedition (of which you have the 
honour of the principal command) against Louisbourg on 
the island of Cape Breton. The names of the captains 
are Richard Mumford, William Smith, & Joshua Champ- 
lin, who, I hope, will answer the characters they sustain. 

I am desired by our General Assembly to request that 
they may be added to the regiment raised in the Colony 
of Connecticut and be under the care of the commander 
thereof. I heartily wish you all the success imaginable 

I Hdeon Wanton was horn in Tiverton, Rhode Island, October 20, 1693, and died Sept. 
12. 17H7. Ilf was for many years Treasurer of Rhode Island, and for two years Governor. 
See Arnold's History of Rhode Island, vol. ii. p. 171; Coll. of R. I. Hist. Soc., vol. viii. 
p. 98, note.— Eds. 

1745.] LETTERS. 305 

in bringing this affair to a happy conclusion by the sur- 
render of the place, being with great respect, S r , 
Your most humble serv fc . 

Gid n Wanton. 

Newport on Rhode Island. 
29 th June, 1745. 


Lewisburg, the 30 th June, 1745. 

Sir, — In answer to your favour of the 28 th I am of 
oppinion that whatever you shall draw upon the Collonys 
for the suport and defence of this important garrison 
will be repay'd with thanks by his Majesty and the gov- 
ernment at home ; and that it is absolutely necessary as 
soon as possible to begin y e repairs of it and of the. town 
to make it tenable and habitable for the troops all y e 
world y* sees it must allow. I am willing to joyn you in 
every thing that is in my power towards effecting so good 
a work, and if you think the Collonys have not given 
you power to draw on them for this purpose, I will in 
conjunction with you venture to draw on the Treasury of 
England for as much as is absolutely necessary for the 
safty of the garison till the King's pleasure shall be 
known. A very great sum cannot be expended till y* 
happens. If you agree with my sentiments in this we 
ought to mention it in our joynt letter to y e Duke of 
Newcastle ; and when we draw a Treasurer should be 
appointed for the payment of the mony & y e regular ex- 
pense of it, y* y e accounts be as clear and fair as possible. 
If I knew what wood sloops you wou'd have go, I think 
Fletcher woud do to convoy them. I hope my circular 
letters to y e Governours will induce them to send us sup- 
plys both of men & provisions, but I dont think it can 
be intirely depended upon. We shoud .therefore provide 

* This letter is wholly in the handwriting of Warren. — Eds. 


against such a clisapointment. If they send us men then 
I think as many of those y t want to return to their fa- 
milys shoud have leave to do it, and I beleive a proper 
advertizement sent to all the Collonys setting forth the 
incouragement y t we woud give setlers here and y e 
tenure of the soil woud induce many to come, if they 
know we have recomended that a civil goverment be 
established here, & this made a free port. 'Tis not in my 
oppinion to be imagined that his Majesty can expect y e 
Collonys are able to bear y e expence of mantaining this 
fortress and territory which in its consequence is so val- 
uable to Great Britain in general, as well as to y e Collonys 
in particular. I shall be glad to have the opinion of your 
Council on this head, and am, with great regard, Sir, 
Your most humble & obed fc seiV. 

P. Warren. 

Gen 11 Peperell. 


Most honoured & dear Sir, — As our prayers to the 
God of Heaven, the God of y e sea & land, have followed 
you & our dear brethren in the army & fleet from y e day 
you left us, so have our praises & thanksgivings been 
ascending from time to time, as we heard of y e surprising 
interpositions of Providence in our favour, together with 
y e growing courage & successes given to y e army, under 
a continued health & wise conduct. 

But 0, y e joy to us, Sir, this morning to hear of y e sur- 
render of y c strong city to you ! & since to read y e pious 
ascriptions of all y e glory to y e most High God in your 

* Rev. Benjamin Colman, D. D., was born in Boston, Oct. 19, 1673; graduated at 
Harvard College in 1692; settled over the Brattle St. Church in 1699; and died Aug. 29, 
1747. He was married three times. His third wife, to whom he was married Aug. 12, 
1745, was Mary, sister of Sir William Pepporrell and widow of Hon. John Frost, of New- 
castle, N. H. See N. E. Hist, and Gen. Keg. vol. iii. pp. 105-122, 220-232. — Eds. 

1745.] LETTERS. 307 

own & the worthy officers' letters to their friends & dear 
relatives ! y e most joyous Commencement morning we 
had ever seen, & we wak'd like them that dream at y e 
ringing of y e bells at four, with those words on our lips : 
" The Lord has done great things for us, whereof we 
are glad ! " & " Not unto us, Lord, not to us, but to 
Thy name give glory, for Thy mercy & for Thy truth's 

May y e good Lord now perfect His own work in your 
restoring y e broken walls & maintaining a conquest gained 
w* h the loss of so few lives ! a kind of miracle of mercy. 
And may we as soon as may be best for us, [have ?] the 
joy of bowing into your & the dear Honourable Commo- 
dore Warren's arms here at Boston, as I have already to- 
day, old as I am, done to y e feet of his & your dear lady, 
with my humble congratulations. And may y e God of 
Heaven, y e God of New England, requite to you both in 
all the blessings of his providence & grace ! & may our 
earthly sovereign lord, y e King, think graciously of the 
rewards of favour & honour due to his Excellency our 
Captain General & his Leiutenant & his brave Captain 
Warren, whom we all here (gentlemen & ladies together) 
long to salute Admiral, to y e glory of our nation, the 
honour of his Majesty, King George, & the further se- 
curity of y e Protestant Succession in his royal house. 

And now, Sir, may I be permitted to add, without send- 
ing to Newcastle for leave, y e hope which your hon d sister, 
M rs Frost, gives me of coming to my house a month hence 
to take it for her own. I have y e pleasure to inform your 
Honour that Madam Pepperel has given her consent, & 
that her children & sisters unanimously acquiesce in her 
kind inclinations. So we want only your approbation & 
prayers that it may be to our mutual comfort & spiritual 
advantage for y e very few dayes which in a course of 
nature can remain to us here on earth. May we all die 
in y e Lord & meet in that blessed world of perfect rest & 


peace where there shal be no more sin or war forever. 
I am, Sir, with the greatest affection & regard, 
Your most obedient hum. serv fc . 

Benjamin Colman. 

Boston, July 3, 1745. 

To y e IIon ble L* General Pepperel. Lewisburgh. 


To the Hon ble GeneraU Pepperell, Esq 1 ", in Lewisburgh. ^ M r Jn° 
Paddock. Q. D. C. 

Boston, 4 th July, 1745. 

Permitt me (much hon d Sir) to congratulate you on the 
very remarkable appearance of Divine Providence in the 
marvellous salvation wrought for New England in the re- 
duction of Lewisboiirgh. The finger of God has been so 
conspicuous in every circumstance of this expedition that 
I doubt not but you, the fleet & army joyn with us in place- 
ing the crown on His head & in giveing Him the glory 
whose is the majesty & the victory. But as God works 
by second causes, we would accompt it (without the least 
flattery of you) one of the greatest favours, & as remark- 
able in providence as any, that He should make choice of 
you & the brave Commodore Warren as the instruments 
of so wonderfull a salvation, whose memorys will be dear 
to New England to the latest posterity. I am sure you 
would be pleas'd with the smiles sitting on almost every 
one's countenance on so joyfull an occasion. This town 
has already manifested their joy in the most beautifull 
illumination the last evening that ever my eyes beheld, 

* Thomas Hubbard was born in Boston, August 4, 1702, graduated at Harvard College 
in 1721, and died in Boston, July 15, 1773. He early distinguished himself by diligence 
and fidelity. He was a member of the House of Representatives, and Speaker for many 
years, and afterward a member of the Council, and for twenty-one years Treasurer of 
Harvard College. See Twenty-fourth Report of Boston Record Commissioners, p. 15; 
Quincy's History of Harvard University, vol. ii. pp. 158, 159; Mem. Hist, of Boston, 
vol. ii. p. 455. — Eds. 

1745.] LETTERS. 309 

besides a great variety of most curious fireworks never 
before acted here. But what I doubt not will be most 
agreable to you is that the go vermeil t design in a very 
short time to set apart a day of solemn thanksgiveing to 
God for so remarkable a favour, with a strict prohibition 
of any thing of an externall show, in which I doubt not 
but every sincere heart will be entirely engaged, & am 
sorry I cant tell you the day that we might enjoy your 
company in so heavenly an employment. 

But what has more immediately engaged my writeing 
you at present is, the bearer hereof (M r John Paddock) is 
a young man that served his time with me, his circum- 
stances but low in the world, & the present expedition 
haveingr stagnated business so much that he had nothing 
to do at home, I advised him to take this turn to Lewis- 
burgh, with a small adventure, to see what he could do 
there. And as his carriage with me dureing his appren- 
ticeship was such both as to honesty, industry & activity 
as I think will recommend him (when known) to the 
world, so I take this freedom to mention him to you, 
begging your countenance of him (as farr as honour & 
justice will pmitt) more especially in case of any diffi- 
culty by reason of a press, & as I am assured that kind 
& generous treatment is most agreable to your nature, 
so I flatter myself you will show it him in any instances 
you are capable of for my sake. 

And as a close of all I would again recommend you 
most heartily to Almighty God for his further protection, 
direction, & blessing, that after the fatigues of a short 
life you may inherit Eternall Glory, and am sincerely 
Your Honour's most obed* humb. serv*. 

Tho s Hubbard. 

Gen. Pepperell. 



Louisbourg, July 4 th , 1745. 

Hon ble Gentlemen, — When I was in the camp I pleas'd 
myself that if we got into the city I should have time to 
express to you my gratefull sentiments of the kind con- 
cern and care you have shewn for us thro' the whole of 
the expedition, on the happy success of which I heartily 
congratulate you and our country. But I have been 
more hurried than ever since we are come into the city 
in putting affairs into a proper disposition, getting of the 
French, hearing petitions from all quarters to go home, 
and in a multiplicity of other business, w ch must be my 
excuse for any appearance of neglect to my honoured 
brethren. I rec d your favour last night by Giddins ; it 
is with the greatest gratitude that I and every one here 
received the news of our country's resolution still to as- 
sist us in the prosecution of our design, the good conse- 
quences of our success wherein will, I trust, descend to 
our latest posterity. I have rec d many kind letters from 
my brethren of the General Court and others of my 
friends, which must beg the favour of you to excuse my 
not answering. I earnestly desire an opportunity to 
New England to let them & you know how much I am 
their & your 

Most obed fc humb. serv\ 

W. P. 

The IIon blc Jx° Osbohn, Esq', & the other Hon ble Members of the Com tee 
of War of the Massa. Bay. 


May it please your Excellency, — My last was by 
the Hector, man of Avar, Cap* Cornwall, who saild for 
Boston 30 th ult°, duplicate of which I now inclose to your 

1745.1 LETTERS. 311 

Excellency, also copies of my letters to the Duke of New- 
castle and Lords of the Admiralty, and a list of the artil- 
lery & warlike stores here, and of M r Bastide's estimate 
of the repairs necessary, likewise duplicate of the advice 
of the Council of War relating to s d repairs and copy of 
their further advice thereon w ch hope will be acceptable 
to your Excellency. By the last you'll find it is propos'd 
that bills be drawn by Commodore Warren & myself on 
his Majesty's Treasury for payment of s d repairs, which 
he is very confident will be honoured, which bills are to 
be dispos'd of for sterling money in order to pay off the 
workmen weekly, the better to encourage them therein ; 
and the Council have made choice of two treasurers 
jointly to receive and pay s d money, one of which was 
nominated by me and the other by Commodore Warren, 
and the repairs are to be carried on as fast as possible 
imder the direction of M r Bastide, but all kinds of mate- 
rials therefor are wanted, of which he has given in a list, 
copy of which also have herewith inclos'd, and pray your 
Excellency would be pleas'd to give such orders as your 
wisdom shall think best, there being but a very small 
quantity of any of these species here at present. 

I find many in the army are very impatient to return 
home, and plead your Excellency's proclamation ; they 
are also very desirous that some suitable person should 
go to England that their services in this expedition may 
be justly and fully represented, and the Council have re- 
quested & urged me to go in Rous, & to take w rth me a 
gen* from the Connect* and N. Hampshire regiments, but 
as 1 imagine that I ought not to leave my station here 
'till your Excellency's mind is known thereon I have de- 
clin'd it, but as your presence here is earnestly requested 
& expected, I shall impatiently wait for that favour in 
order to your Excellent giving the necessary directions 
relating to this place and army, and that Tmay obtain 
leave to return to my family. In the mean time shall 


permit none of the troops to return but such persons as 
the committee appointed for that purpose shall advise to. 
Cap* Rous has brought from Annapolis 2 mortars and 
sundry stores which it is thought adviseable should be re- 
tailed here at present ; those sent from Boston I propose 
to return by first opportunity. Commodore Warren has 
taken 100 bbs more of powder out of the Annapolis store- 
ship, to be replaced with the other 50 bbs in Boston, w ch I 
promised to recommend to your Excellency. The prin- 
cipal French officers w th their families & several of the 
inhabitants are at last, not without difficulty, embarked 
on board the Lanceston, and several transports are saild 
for Rochfort in France yesterday, being about 1200. 

Monsieur Duchambon at going off insisted on a ratifi- 
cation of the capitulation which was accordingly made, 
copy of which have now also inclosed to your Excellency. 
I am much concern'd for a seasonable supply of provis- 
sions. There being many necessaries on board some of 
the prizes here which the army are in great want of, it 
was thought adviseable that proper officers should be 
appointed for the legal tryal & condemnation of them, 
and I have joind with Commodore Warren in erecting 
a Court of Admiralty for that purpose for the present 

Cap fc Rous is to sail for Eng d w th his dispatches to-mor- 
row. Cap* Becket is arrived here from the Gut of Canso, 
and informs that the Rhode Island sloop w th Donahew and 
himself met w th four vessells full of French & Ind ns in the 
Bay of Verte, suppos'd to be those from Annapolis, w th 
whom they had a skirmish, but that they retreated to the 
head of the Bay and escaped. 

Your Excellency will please to observe that in the let- 
ter to the Duke of Newcastle we mention our thoughts 
of a treaty with the Indians, and we imagine it might be 
of good consequence, if the Indians taken by Cap 4 Dona- 
hew should be sent here. Since the above, I have your 

1745.] LETTERS. 313 

Excellency's favour p r Giddins, and observe w th the great- 
est gratitude the kind concern & care your Excellency 
& our country in the supplies sent, w ch are not unseason- 
able tho' we are so happy as to be within the city. The 
army is yet in great want of shoes, hose, and cloathing 
of all kinds. I shall pay all regard to your Excellency's 
recommendations, & have delivered your messages to the 
Brigadiers & Col Bradstreet. Was it not for the reason 
before mentioned, and that I am afraid it would make an 
uneasiness in the army, I should take the first opportu- 
nity to repair to N. Eng d . I am, w th all duty & respect, 
Your Excellency's most obed* and most humb. serv*. 

W. P. 

Louisbourg, July 4 th , 1745. 

His Excelleucy Gov r Shikley, &c, &c, &c. 


May it please your Grace, — You will herewith 
receive a duplicate of our letter of 18 th June, sent by Cap* 
Montague, and as his miscarriage would be of the worst 
consequence in our present scituation, we think it highly 
necessary and for his Majesty's service, to dispatch this 
second express by Cap* Geary of one of his Majesty's 
ships, who can inform your Grace what is proper to be 
done for the security of this important garrison and ter- 
ritory. We think nothing can do it so effectually as y fc 
of establishing as soon as possible a civil government and 
free port for a term of years under a good governour 
and magistracy, with a power to grant lands upon the 
easiest terms to such of his Majesty's subjects as shall be 
willing to settle here, & to keep a garrison of three 
thousand regular troops till a peace, or a number of 
inhabitants are settled in this city & territory, either of 


which will give room to lessen the number of troops at 
present absolutely necessary for the support of this gar- 
rison, and as such a number of regular troops may not be 
easily and in time sent from Eng d , we apprehend that if 
his Majesty would be graciously pleas'd to establish two 
regiments of New England forces, consisting of one thou- 
sand men each, under their own officers, and send another 
of a thousand regular troops from home, it would be suffi- 
cient, with a squadron of ships to maintain this garrison 
and to prepare for any further conquest his Majesty may 
undertake in these parts, and would also highly oblige 
all his Majesty's loyall subjects in his American dominions. 
As we have no power from the Colonies to put them to 
any expence for the repairs or maintainance of this gar- 
rison, we are therefore under a necessity of drawing 
upon the Treasury for such sums as shall be absolutely 
necessary for putting it in a posture of deffence 'till his 
Majesty's pleasure shall be signified to us. 

We send your Grace as perfect a plan and state of the 
ordnance stores as the engineer could furnish us with in 
so short a time and as estimate of the repairs immedi- 
ately necessary. Thirty pieces of cannon, 32 pounders, 
would be of infinite service to this fortress. We are using 
our endeavours to put it into the best posture we can, 
and beg leave to refer your Grace to Cap 1 Geary. The 
troops that his Majesty shall think sufficient to garrison 
this place should, at least 'till the country is well inhabited 
be supplied by his Majesty with provisions as those at 
Gibralter are, for 'till then they can't possibly be supply'd 
here, and the inclemency of this climate will make it 
absolutely necessary that perticular care be taken for 
their warm cloathing & lodging. Cap* Rous, who com- 
mands one of the Colony cruizers, and carries this ex- 
press home, did great service last year in distressing the 
enemies' fishery at Newfoundland, and as he is a very 
brisk gallant man, and will in any future scheme of this 

1745.] LETTERS. 315 

kind be very usefull, nobody knowing their situation 
better, we humbly beg leave to recommend him to your 
Grace's and the Admiralty's favour that he may have the 
command of one of his Majesty's sailing snows, and be 
sent immediately out to the New England station, under 
the direction of the commanding sea officer, to whom he 
will be of the greatest service. 

We have it now under consideration how to enter upon 
a treaty with the Indians in the French King's interest 
upon this part of the continent, several of which are in 
our hands, taken in this expedition, who have the highest 
notion of our arms since the reduction of this garrison, 
w ch they look'd upon as impregnable, and fear that we 
shall extend our conquest to Quebeck & all Canada, in 
which if we proceed they know they must come over to 
us or be destroy'd. We therefore think it a very proper 
time to begin such a treaty, and if a few presents for 
them were sent over, we make no doubt but it would 
have a peculiar good tendency toward our success 

We now inclose to your Grace a copy of the ratifica- 
tion of the capitulation, and are, may it please your 

Your Grace's most obed* and most humble serv ts . 

P. W. W. P. 

Louisbourg, July 4 th , 1745. 


Louisbourg, July 4 th , 1745. 
S R , — With the utmost pleasure I now congratulate 
you on the happy issue of the expedition against Cape 

* Christopher Kilby was born in Boston, May 25, 1705, and was bred to commercial 
pursuits. After carrying on a large business in his native town for several years, he went 
to England in 1739, where the larger part of his remaining years was spent. He died 
there in October, 1771. He was a generous benefactor to His native town, and his 
memory is kept alive by an important street which was named for him after the great fire 
of March, 1770. See N. E. Hist, and Gen. Reg. vol. xxvi. pp. 43-48. — Eds. 


Breton, which was effected thro' God's goodness by the 
surrender of Louisbourg, &c, on the 16 th June, a per- 
ticular account of which and the state of the place & army 
I transmitt to the Duke of Newcastle by this opportunity, 
and have ordered the bearer of my dispatches to wait on 
you immediately on his arrival in London. I'm well 
perswaded, S r , you'll improve this happy opportunity to 
have our country recommended to his Majesty's favour, 
who have by this enterprize involved themselves in a 
prodigious expence, vastly beyond what was thought of 
at the first setting out, and which they will never wade 
through, if they should not be reimbursed from home. 
Commodore Warren, whose being here with a squadron 
of his Majesty's ships was very happy, has join'd with me 
in representing to his Grace our hopes and expectations 
of his Majesty's peculiar favour to the troops employ'd in 
this occasion and the advantage of making this a civil 
government, and Louisbourg a free port for several years, 
without which I doubt very much of this island's being 
settled by the English. Our men have undergone almost 
incredible hardships with the utmost chearfullness, hav- 
ing been oblig'd to transport our heavy artillery over 
almost impassible bogs, morasses, and rocky hills in cold, 
foggy nights, also in landing and transporting our warlike 
stores and provissions, keeping rut large parties in the 
woods to prevent the French & Indians from filling on us, 
besides a thousand other hardships necessarily incident to 
a camp in such an inclement climate where the foggs are 
almost continual. The prodigious labour & fatigue of 
our men occasioned many of them to fall sick so that we 
had once near fifteen hundred incapable of service, but 
few have died, and we have not in this vast enterprize 
lost above one hundred men by the enemy, about sixty 
of which were at an attempt made upon the Island 
Battery. We had the day the enemy sent out a truce 
come to an agreement with Commodore Warren to make 

1745.] LETTERS. 317 

a general attack by land & sea the first opportunity ; he 
was pleas'd to say he should not think it prudent to ven- 
ture into the harbour with three times the number of 
ships he had here unless our army had been here. Upon 
the enemies' desire to capitulate, it was our joint opinion 
that it was by all means adviseable to come to terms with 
them, rather than to hazard the King's ships as well as 
men's lives. The enemy held out against a close siege 
of forty-nine days, in which we gave them from our fas- 
cine batteries and the Grand Battery, which they deserted 
on our arrival, upwards of nine thousand cannon balls 
and about six hundred bombs, which made the place too 
hot to stir in, especially after we got a battery opposite 
to the Island Battery, from whence we play'd on it 
with very good success. Our scouts had also several 
skirmishes with parties of the French and Indian enemy 
in the woods, in all which we routed and dispersed them, 
killed & wounded several, and took many prisoners. 
The enemy also made several sallies from the garrison, 
but were soon repulsed by us. I hope to write you more 
at large in a short time. Our province as likewise the 
province of New Hampshire & Connecticut gave me the 
honour of having a command from each of them to be at 
the head of the forces. I make no doubt you will do all 
in your power to serve the country, in which you will 

Your verv humb. serv*. 

W. P. 

M r C B KlLBY. 


To the Hon Me William Pepperrell, Esq r , Lieu 1 General of his 
Majesty's Forces att Luisbourg. f M r Roy all. 

Boston, July 5 th , 1745. 

Hon d Sir, — The last time I wrote you was by Cap* 
Giddings. Since, & for a long time before, I have not 


had the favour of a line from yon. I intended you ere 
this some quantity of fresh stock, but have not been able 
to get any fowles, geese, or ducks, excepting such as are 
too young for y e sea. The government have sent sheep, 
hogs, &c, &c, or you would have had thereof from me. 

1 have now to congratulate you, & I most heartily do, 
upon the signal success you have been favoured with in 
reducing a place of the utmost importance to your coun- 
try, and I have the sattisfaction to assure you it is highly 
pleasing to New England, and was no small occasion to 
y e joy & happiness of the day (being the 3d currant) cele- 
brated on the news of as remarkable a victory as (per- 
haps) has ever been atchieved, that without diminishing 
the honour or sullying the glory of the brave Comodore, 
the conquest may be in a great measure ascribed (under 
God) to our New England forces. The President in his 
oration at Cambridge did you all the honour he could, nor 
can you think how much you'l be had in esteem by good 
men of all ranks. I cant write Coll Waldo. I heartily 
wish him joy & all the rest of your friends. I am now 
concerned least you should yet be a long while from yo r 
family. But I hope it will be consistent for 3^011 to re- 
turn in a short time. I should be glad to be determined 
in this point. Amidst all my joy I have been greatly 
mortifyed that there is not an officer of some rank from 
the army been dispatched distinctly (or at least joyntly 
with M r Montagu appointed to y° office by & on behalf of 
Comodore Warren) to carry the news immediately from 
you to his Grace the Duke of Newcastle. This, its said 
here, you have left intirely to Comodore Warren (and 
though I know not how to credit y e report) give me leave 
to say that if you have not wrote his Grace already by one 
of the army, its of very great importance to the country 
and to your family yet to do it, and I beg you'l not leave 
it to the Governour or Comodore, but in your address to 
his Grace ask for the government of Cape Breton, & you 

1745.] LETTERS. 319 

may in this case fully expect it, as its the least compli- 
ment the Crown can make you; it will be worth, salary, 
cloathing y e militia, &c, together 3 or 4,0G0£, four thou- 
sand pounds sterling T annum. This you may depend 
upon, and moreover that Governour Phillips has had a 
comm 11 for Annapolis, though he has lived in England at 
his ease 'till he has acquired by y e post an estate of 
100,0Q0£ sterling. Therefore I consider you may enjoy 
your family, & the post too, without any difficulty. I 
have wrote to all my friends in England on this occasion, 
& I hope you'l not be wanting to send hither two or three 
copys of your letter to his Grace, least the other should 
miscarry that you send from Cape Breton, that so I may 
forward them to some friend of yo rs or mine of distinction 
in England to be delivered his Grace. You have some 
friends in Parliament to whom you'l write & also to all 
your correspondents. Do sufferr me, Sir, to press this 

matter upon you. Oar friend M r W may endeavour 

after it. But I beleive you may depend upon it, if you 
observe the method I have in my zeal been so free as 
to recomend. 

You have herewith copy of a letter from an officer 
in the army which was read, in my absence, in the 
House, but thrown aside with deserved contempt. I 
have thought it my duty to send it to you. I should 
be much oblidged to you for any advices in point of 
trade between this & Luisbourg, if there is any encour- 
agement to pursue y e same, and mast also beg you'l dis- 
miss M r Bragdon & our sloop, of w ch Cap* Mitchell is 
master ; and if any fishing rooms may be laid out at 
Cape Breton & Canso without much cost, say for a small 
matter, be so good as to secure one at each place for it. 
Therefore with submission, Sir, I must entreat you'l not 
be wanting to yo r self in so important an affair. If you 
think I can do you any good by going 1 home, send me 
your comands, & I will go with all chearfullness. Bat do 


let it be a secret that I offer my service, till I have the 
happiness of seeing you. 

The bearer, M r Koyall, I have been much entreated by 
his uncle, Jacob Royal, Esq r , to recoiiiend him to you. 
I hope you'l excuse my freedom, & serve him as he may 
merit it from you. I am, with the greatest esteem & 
affection, hon d Sir, 

Y r ob e son & serv*. 

N. Sparhawk. 

General Pepperrell. 


Boston, July 7, 1745. 

Sir, — I have the pleasure of receiving by Cap* Bennet 
your account of the reduction of Cape Breton with its 
dependencies to the obedience of his Majesty, upon which 
I congratulate you and the other officers and the whole 
army under your command, who by their late bravery 
and unparalleird services before Louisbourg have lay'd a 
most lasting foundation for the wealth, peace, and pros- 
perity of this country, and acquir'd an honour to them- 
selves and glory to the New England arms which must 
make a shining part of the English history to the latest 

I approve of the terms of the capitulation which you 
and Commodore Warren granted to the enemy; for had 
Louisbourg been carried by storm the conquest must in all 
human probability have cost the lives of 1000 or 1500 
brave New England men, which I should have esteem'd 
an irreparable loss, whereas the army's disappointment 
of the plunder of the town may be recompens'd to 'em 
by their King and country, for obtaining which and 
every thing else in my power for their service my 
best endeavours, they may depend upon it, shall be 

1745.] LETTERS. 321 

It is a special favour of the Divine Providence which 
has most remarkably attended our forces thro the whole 
course of this enterprize that this formidable fortress has 
been gain'd with the loss of only about 100 men, as you 
inform me. And I hope the whole army will most thank- 
fully and devoutly acknowledge it to the Lord of Hosts, 
their protector, who has thus graciously subdued their 
enemies for 'em, as I design their brethren in this Prov- 
ince shall do in a day of solemn thanksgiving to be 
observ'd on the 18 th instant. 

It will be necessary for you to stay with the forces at 
Louisbourg 'till I shall receive his Majesty's pleasure con- 
cerning it, which I hope I may do speedily, and I now 
send you orders accordingly ; and I doubt not but the 
same principles of loyalty to their King and love to their 
country, which first led the troops to make this glorious 
acquisition, will still warm their hearts and make 'em 
desirous to preserve it from falling again into the 
enemy's hands, before his Majesty shall have garrison'd 
it, and that they will continue to yield till that time a 
most dutiful and willing obedience to your command, and 
particularly that they will not sully the honour of their 
arms by any murmurs or discontent or strife among 
'em. There is honour enough gain'd by their late ser- 
vices for ten times their number of troops to share with 

I design, if his Majesty's service does not indispensably 
require my attendance at Boston, to come to the army the 
latter end of this month, and attend the service there for 
five or six weeks, and w r ould have the Massachusetts 
frigate come without delay to Boston to fetch me, if the 
Commodore can spare it. M rs Shirley will come with me, 
and perhaps two or three more, and should I go in the 
Lark, some of the company w 7 hich is to attend on M rs 
Warren must be shut out of that vessell, which I should 
be loath to have done. But I shall come out in com- 



pany with the Lark. I am, Sir, to yourself and the 
whole army, 

A most assur'd friend and servant. 

W. Shirley. 

IIon bl ° Gen Pepperill. 


Boston, July 7 th , 1745. 

Sir, — You will perceive that the inclos'd is calculated 
for the army ; and I accordingly desire you will order it 
to be read at the head of every regiment by some person 
of a distinct and audible voice. 

I have carefully noted the contents of your two last by 
Bennet, and shall pay a just regard to 'em. It is with 
infinite satisfaction that I congratulate you upon the suc- 
cess of the forces under your command, who deserve 
largely of his Majesty's favo r for their extraordinary 
services to him and their country, for which last they 
have gain'd immortal honour by their behaviour under 
your most worthy conduct, which ought to render you 
dear to every man who wishes well to New England, and 
will, I doubt not, recommend you to his Majesty's 

In the midst of this joy it is no small damp to me to 
find that M r Warren designs to take upon himself the 
chief command on shoar, the attempting which I am 
satisfy* d will produce great discontent here as well as in 
the army, and be very prejudicial to his Majesty's ser- 
vice in all the colonies of New England by putting an 
end to expeditions from hence for his Maj tys service. I 
have already observ'd the seeds of great discontent, both 
here and in letters from the camp, arising from a jealousy 
of this scheme, and they will soon burst out, I am affraid, 
into an unquenchable flame, if it is attempted to be 
carry'd into execution. And I can't but think it will be 

1745.] LETTERS. 323 

censur'd by his Majesty in Council as an unwarrantable 
usurpation, in case the dispute should come to be decided 
there, as it must finally if it should arise to a dispute. 

What points you may have given up to the Commo- 
dore I can't judge at this distance, but observe that the 
order of your signing your respective names is alter'd, 
and the direction from M r Duchambon to you is inverted, 
the Commodore being now first nam'd in the instruments. 
If he should offer to assume a command over you, which 
he must do if he takes the chief command of the place 
upon himself, it will be something extraordinary indeed, 
and what I suppose you will not submit to, as it must 
detract from the honour of his Maj ty ' s commission to me, 
under which you are appointed. To say the truth I am 
in great pain for the mischiefs that will ensue to his 
Majesty's service upon such an attempt, which I have 
mention'd to the Commodore, and to prevent the danger 
of 'em is the chief reason of my coming to Louisbourg. 
You must not have the least thought of quitting Louis- 
bourg till we know his Majesty's pleasure concerning it. 
If you should desire to do it, there will be the utmost 
confusion and disorder, and your King and country and 
own honour will suffer exceedingly. 

I receiv'd advice last night from the Governour of 
Connecticut that the Assembly there had voted 300 men 
more (besides the 200 lately voted) to be forthwith rais'd 
for the service of the expedition, provided I can procure 
the convoy of their own Colony sloop for 'em, or some 
other vessell of force, which I hope the Commodore will 
dispatch away to New London as soon as may be. 

The French have made great rejoicing at Martinique 
upon news they have heard that four French men of war 
have enterd Louisbourg, and rais'd the siege and kill'd 
the Commodore. But I hope he will live to carry one of 
the most principal flags in England into their harbour, as 
he has carry'd his Commodore's into that of Louisbourg. 


He is too valuable a man for his country to lose yet 
awhile. I have as high an opinion of his merit as you 
have, hut he is certainly mistaken in the point I have 
before mention'd. I am, Sir, 

Your most faithful friend and servant. 

W. Shirley. 

Pray excuse me to Brigadiers Waldo and Dwight and 
Colonel Bradstreet till next ship. The Lark is, I believe, 
coming in. I shall hope for an exact account of the 
stores and state of Louisbourg, &c a , by her. 

P. S. None of bomb shells are prov'd, so you must 
prove 'em there. 

IIon ble Gen 1 Pepperill. 


Canso, July 7, 1745. 

Sir, — This brings the malancholly news of the loss of 
Cap* Donahue & eleven of his men last Saturday, was 
sennit, at a place called Fustic about a league west of the 
Gutt of Canso. There appeared but four Indians at first, 
& Cap* Donahue going ashore in his launch was suddenly 
cutt off, notwithstanding the best endeavours of Cap* 
Fones to cover him, being then within musquett shott 
of y e shore. The whole party, Cap* Fones supposes, con- 
sisted of about three hundred, & was part of y e Tack- 
magush army. I hope y r Hon. will be sufficiently 
cautious of y e Indians. I am afraid that by means of y e 
French some of our forces may fall into their hands. 
This forenoon M r Richardson espyed three French or 
Indians under arms about two leagues to v e northward 
of this harbour on y e main. I hope y r Hon r dos not think 
these troops safe without walls, or any tools or materials 
proper to build them withal, & that we shall be better 
supply'd in a few da}^s or removed to some other place. 

1745.] LETTERS. 325 

I am obliged to y r Hon r & the Commodore for y e arrival of 
Cap* Prentice & M r Hatch, who will be able to assist me 
in many things; but without a supply of tools & mate- 
rials we can't proceed to make ourselves in any measure 
defensible, & we have reason to think the Indians keep 
constant spies upon us, & will take the first favourable 
opportunity to attack us. I am, with respect, 
Y r Hon r humb. seiV. 

Ammi R. Cutter. 

To Gen 1 Pepperrell. 


Louisbourg, July 9 th , 1745. 

Sir, — I received your favour T Cap* Rous, and am 
extreamly oblig'd to you for the readiness you have 
shewn to comply with anything in your power for for- 
warding the undertaking against this place, the reduction 
of w ch I now do myself the pleasure to congratulate you 
upon ; it being surrendered on the 16 th June on terms of 
capitulation, by w ch we have agreed to allow the French 
their personal estates, and to assist them (if necessary) 
with vessells & provissions to transport them & effects to 
France, also to allow the troops to march out of the gar- 
rison with their arms & colours. The principal of the 
officers & others accordingly saild for Rochfort some days 
since in the Lanceston, man of war, and some transports. 
I am yet extreamly hurried in putting this strong and 
important place into a proper posture of defence, it being 
very much damaged by us in the siege. M r Bastide 
will tarry here for the present to give the necessary 
directions in regard to the repairs. It is thought ad vise- 
able by the Com 6 as well as myself & Council that the 
mortars & stores you was so good to send be retaincl 
here for the present. The cruizing sloops sent to the 
Bay of Verte met w th four vessells full of French & 
Indians, w ch doubtless were the party that came from 


Annapolis, with whom they had a skirmish, but the 
enemy retreating to the head of the bay escap'd. I 
trust the good consequenees of the reduction of this place 
will extend to all his Majesty's settlements in North 
America, even to the latest generation, and peculiarly so 
to Nova Scotia. I must beg pardon for not sending you 
at this time a perticular account of our success and situa- 
tion, w ch nothing would hinder but the extream multi- 
plicity of affairs on my hands continually. I must 
therefore beg leave to conclude with assuring you that I 
am very much 

Most obed fc humb. seiV. 

W. P. 

The Hon ble Paul Mascarexe, Esq 1- , &c. 


To the Hon blc William Pepperill, Esq% Lieu 1 General of his Maf* 
Forces & Coiiiander at Louisbourg. 

Boston, July 15 th , 1745. 

Hon ble S% — When I parted with you it was with fear 
k trembling, but coiiiitting you to the care of divine 
Providence, hoped you would be a favourite thereof, and 
it appearing to be so in a very remarkable manner, you 
must allow me to interrupt a few minutes from your 
more important labours & buisness to let you know that 
none more sincerely rejoyces therein then I do. I would 
always eye the first cause, that Omnipotent God who 
govourns all events, that has so astonishingly disposed all 
things so mercifully for you and all under you in the 
wonderfull preservation, making all circumstances to 
concur to so happy event. May God have the glory, and 
this land enjoy a lasting blessing in it. I wish the divine 

* Abicl Walley, a prominent merchant in Boston, was born in 1686, and died in 1759. 
See Hill's Chronological Catalogue of the Old South Church, pp. 342, 343. — Eds. 

1745.] LETTERS. 327 

presence with you, a proper regard from the King, and 
imortall honours in due time from the Lord of Hosts & 
King of Kings. I am 

Yo r most humble serv fc . 

Abiel Walley, 

M rs Walley begs leave to send her best regards and 
good wishes. 


Lewisbourg, July 16, 1745. 

Sir, — From my duty to his Majesty, my concern for 
the support of his interest and that of my country, and 
from the regard I have for your honour and mine in the 
prosecution of his Majesty's service here, in setling this 
valuable conquest to the best advantage 'till his instruc- 
tions are sent us, I cannot omit any longer expressing my 
uneasyness and utmost concern to see how little wee 
advance to so good an end, and how much the daily com- 
plaints of your people encrease, for want of the necessary 
supplys of life for their ease and preservation. 

If you are in want of any thing I can possibly spare 
out of his Majesty's ships under my command, I shall 
embrace with pleasure the opportunity of assisting you 
and your troops ; if that is not sufficient I will in obedi- 
ence to his Grace the Duke of Newcastle's instructions to 
me again inforce my application to all the Governours of 
this northern continent for immediate supplys of provi- 
sions and men, to relieve such as are desirous to return to 
their familys, the number of which I shall be glad to be 
acquainted with, and of what remains, but I do not con- 
ceive that Governour Shirley's proclamation can be 
constru'd to mean that the expedition is over upon the 
surrender of this garrison and territorys, because nothing 
but keeping possession and well defending this important 


acquisition can answer the end of the great expence his 
Majesty and the colonys have been at in the reduction 
of it, tho I am for indulging the men as much as the pub- 
lick service will permit, and I beg leave to recommend to 
you, Sir, that greater care be taken by the commissarys 
and others concern'd in that branch in seeing that your 
men are duely and justly supply'd with the full allowance 
of provisions intended for them by the provinces, and I 
cannot help pitying them with regard to their cloathing, 
many of them being barefooted. 

It gives me the greatest uneasyness to see your 
Council so much taken up on trivial affairs, when the 
safety of this garrison which is of the greatest conse- 
quence is so much neglected ; and as you have inform'd 
me when wee consulted together on the means of raising 
a fund to defray the immediate necessary repairs to this 
place, that you was not impower'd by your constituents 
to put the colonys to any expence for those repairs, wee 
therefore then agreed (that as it was absolutely necessary 
to put the garrison in a better posture of defence, to make 
proper cover for the troops, and repair the magazines, 
hospitals, and publick buildings 'till his Majesty's pleasure 
shou'd be known) wee shou'd draw on the Treasury, and 
we shall have the more to answer for by our persons and 
estates if after such means pursu'd and granted at home 
w r e are deficient in any part of our duty, or any misap- 
plication of such sums as we shall draw for. 

Give me leave further, Sir, to tell you, that had I 
known you intended to give leave to such a number of 
your troops, as I am inform'd you have, to go home, I 
shou'd not have sent so many of my ships a cruizing, tho' 
I think it absolutely necessary in order to cut off and 
intercept all necessarys, and communication of the French 
with Quebeck, in order to make the conquest of that 
place more practicable next year, if his Majesty shou'd 
think fit to make any attempts that way in the spring. 

1745.] LETTERS. 329 

I earnestly recommend unanimity and dispatch in your 
Council, and that I may from time to time be acquainted 
with such resolutions as they come into for his Majesty's 
service, which has not been so regularly observ'd hitherto 
as I apprehended you intended I shou'd. 

And in conclusion I think nothing wou'd conduce more 
to the making this a flourishing collony than encourageing 
your troops, or any others who are willing to settle here, 
by granting them immediately lands and fishing-places 
about this city, and I am perswaded his Majesty will be 
graciously pleas'd for the benefit of his subjects to con- 
firm any grants that you and I shall make them here, 
and so well am I convinc'd of the justice of this proceed- 
ing that I wou'd take upon me to do it myself, but that I 
shall always chuse to act in conjunction with you in that 
amicable and friendly manner which has hitherto subsisted 
between us, and I flatter myself will continue upon all 
occasions, as I am, with great esteem and regard, Sir, 
Y r most obedient, humble servant. 

P. Warren, 

L* General Pepperrell, &c. 


May it please your Excellency, — Your most es- 
teem* favour of y e 7 th & 9 th ins* I receiv d by Cap* Griffin. 
That you calculat d for y e army, yo r directions therein 
shall be follow d ; and y e several regiments shall be call d 
together as soon as they can divide y e shoes & stockins, 
untill w ch time they will make a poor appearance, for 
great part of them are barefoot* & their cloths tore al- 
most in peices, w ch has given me great concern. I am 
infinitely oblig d to you for y e good opinion you are pleas* 

* This letter is printed from a rough draught in Pepperrell's handwriting. There are 
in his letter-book no copies of letters written between July 9 and July 18. — Eds. 


to mention you have of me. I hope shall never do any- 
thing to forfeit it. 

I am very sorry you should meet with any thing to 
damp yo r joy relating to any dispute between Comodore 
Warren & myselfe, & considering that we are both quick 
in our tempers, I do think y e land & sea have agreed in this 
expedition as well as ever they did on y e like occasion, 
& if it had not been for some who have had yo r favours 
I dont think there would have been any, and I was well 
assur d that before we got possession of this place and 
since that it was of absolute necessity to keep from dis- 
putes & differences (or otherwise y e grand design might 
have suffer d ) & I have strove to my uttermost to keep 
things easey. It is true M r Warren did tell me he was 
the chief officer here. I told him, Not on shoar. I look 
upon it that these disputes are all over, as we both aim 
at y e good & security of this place. 

As to y e direction from M r Duchambon being invert d , 
y e Commodore being now first nam d in y e instrument, y e 
scheme was carry d on by M r MacDonnal who y° gave a 
commission to be Coll , M r Warren sending him in w th a 
ilagg of truce w th a letter from y e Frinch command' of y e 
Vigilant, after w ch M r Duchambon put y e Commodore first. 
I have heard that M r MacDonnal told here before he 
went w th Cap* Rowse for England what great things he 
had don on shore. I am well assur d he never was, put it 
all together, one hour in any of y e trenches, & he might 
be on shore before we came in y e citty three days at times 
in y c camp, & then to be sure we were glad to get rid of 
him, for y e most he did was to find fault that our encamp- 
ment was not regul r , or y* the sold rs did not march as han- 
some as old regul r troops, their toes were not turn d enough 
out, &c. I tho* we encampt as regular as y e hills & valeys 
would admit of. I long to see you. w ch hope will be in 
a short time. I am pleas' 1 there is like to be some troops 
from Connecticutt ; and I hope our government and New 

1745.] LETTERS. 331 

Hamp r will send some more to releive these poor souls 
that have wore out all their cloths & are continually 
petitioning to return to New England. I shall do all in 
my power to make them easey. 

I am glad that y e Frinch are mistaken at Martinique 
about killing y e Commodore & raising our siege ag s * this 
place. As Cap* Snelling is now geting under saile, cannot 
enlarge, but soon hope to have y e pleasure of kissing yo r 
& Mad ra Shirley's hands in Louisbourg, & am 

Yo r Excellency's most affectionate & most obed fc hum- 
ble serv*. 

W. P. 

Louisbourg, July 17 th , 1745. 

I long to return to New England. 


Boston, July 17 th , 1745. 

Hon d Sir, — I have yo r two favours by Cap* Sanders, 
for which am greatly oblidged to you. I didn't expect 
this opportunity by Cap* Adams of w r riting you, so I must 
now be very brief, and T shall give your letters a par- 
ticular answer by Cap* Cornwall, who will soon sail with 
the transports, &c. My two last were by one M r Paddock 
& M r Royall, the former I hope you have received. 1 
know not whether M r Royall is yet gone. The affair 
of most importance I beg leave now only just to hint 

* On the same date Sparhawk wrote another letter to Pepperrell, by Capt. Stephenson, 
of similar purport with this letter, and reiterating his great concern lest his father-in-law 
should yield precedence on shore to Commodore Warren. "I have talked with many of 
3 r our brethren of the Coun — 11, man} 7 of your private friends & those of excellent judg- 
ment too, and they are to a man clear in it, that the superiour comand is your absolutely 
right 'till your are superseeded by his Majesty or the Gover r ' s orders, and its earnestly 
wished that you may not make the least concession of this kind to the Coniodore. Its y e 
sense, I may say, of New England, that y e honour and interest of the country, as well as 
your own, greatly depends upon your peremtory & absolute refusall of the Comod— e in 
this point, whose proper office is to cofhand on board & in the squadron, but by no means 
in the town." — Eds. 


at. Please to observe that Coll Hale has wrote to the 

II e of R B, complaining of jour inhumanity to 

the people in his regim fc in that you would not let his sick 
have a physician or chirurgeon, a copy of the letter I 
sent you by M r Paddock. Another thing I would men- 
tion is, that its looked upon as of great consequence to 
New England & yourself too, that you express a seperate 
& distinct dispatch to his Grace the Duke of Newcastle 
under your own hand, & its regretted that no officer 
from the army as yet has been sent on this errand ; but 

that its left to Comodore W n to give the w r hole 

account. Another thing that is reported here, & which 
alarms the country, and especially your friends, (many of 
which will soon write you on the affair) is that Comod 

W n will not submit to your being the chief coman- 

der there, say, in the town of Luesburg, that he has most 
of the keys, & assumes more then is for your honour to 
suffer. Its hoped the report is groundless. But you 
well know, Sir, (as its conceived on all hands here) that 
y e matter can admit of no dispute, but the coihand on 
shore is absolutely yours ; and allow me to say that I 
trust you'l assert your rights, and in case of any difficulty, 
upon your remonstrance here some ways will be found 
to confirm you while you are disposed to tarry. The 
House meets this day at the earnest, pressing orders of 
the Governour, and on what we can't think unless its 

relating to his i^oin^- to Luisb £ on the affair I have 

related last. I am oblidged for your advices relating to 

trade. I decline an application to his Ex y for my 

being appointed to send down lumber, &c. I shall give 
you my reasons hereafter. I have recomended it to my 
bro r Andrew that what he sends goes quick, as there are 
many going from this place. My Mother Pepperrell is 
very dull that you have not w T rote her by Sanders. She 
& Bettsy go home two days hence. Your family all 
earnestly desire your return as soon as you can with jus- 

1745.] LETTERS. 333 

tice to your country & honour to yourself ; & in your 
next we beg we may know what detention its likely you 
may yet meet with, & when we may expect you home, 
which our hearts are exceedingly sett upon. Do let me 
entreat that you will not go on any other expedition 
from Cape Breton, should there be any. As to my going 
to London, which I have offerred in my last, if I can serve 
you, I must say that upon acquainting my wife thereof 
she is very much overcome with the thought, that I have 
promised her not to go unless she can reconcile it to her- 
self. And in this case I do assure you, Sir, that I should 
embark in any affair wherein I might promote your 
honour or interest. I beg, Sir, you'l answer me as soon 
as possible to the several important (as I think) heads of 
this epistle, wrote in a great hurry, and let me assure 
you, that I am, with all possible respect & filial affection, 
Hon d Sir, 

Y r obed* son & most devoted servant. 

N. Sparhawk. 

P. S. My respects to Coll Waldo & son & any gen u 
that know me. T wrote Coll Waldo long since, but 
have no answer. 


Louisboueg, July 18 th , 1745. 

Sir, — Yours of 16 th ins* I rec d yesterday in the after- 
noon. I never doubt d of your hearty concern for having 
this valluable conquest duly secur'd & settled to the best 
advantage as speedily as possible, and of your readiness 
to contribute every thing in your power thereto, and am 
sorry that your letter discovers any thing like an appre- 
hension in you that I am not equally so ; but as I join 
w th you entirely that it is best to act in an amicable & 
friendly manner towards each other as we have hitherto 


done, I will at present pass by the reflections therein on 
my own and my Councill's conduct. 

I find, S r , the particulars that give you concern are 
that we make so litle advances in settling this place ; 
that the army are in want of some necessaries, and you 
apprehend not duly supplied w th others; and that so 
many of the men have been allowed to return home. 
As to the first, as you have not pointed out any partic- 
ular instance of my backwardness, I am at a loss to 
know what you refer to. You know, S r , w r e have 
together and separately made a representation of the 
state of this place, and of what is necessary to be clone 
for its support and encouragement, both to the Ministry 
at home and the several Governm ts of New Eng d , and are 
waiting their answ T er ; in the mean time the army are 
employ'd in such works as his Majesty's engineer thinks 
most necessary, and, as I have before mention'd to you, 
I stand ready to give all the encouragem* in my power to 
any persons that shall appear willing to settle here. As 
to the army's wanting any necessaries, it gives me as 
much uneasiness as it possibly can give you, and wou'd 
give me more had I not made repeated pressing requests 
to Governour Shirley for. supplies, some part of which is 
arriv'd, and I have reason dayly to expect more, and in 
the mean time do my best endeavours to make the men 
easy under the want of them ; and as to their being duly 
supplied w th what we have, I upon such failure being 
suggested have made due enquiry & do not find any 
blame due to the commissaries in that respect. As to the 
men sent home, w ch are about seven hundred, they w T ere 
many of them sick & lame, or otherwise incapable of 
duty, and the rest such as the circumstances of their 
families would have rendered it cruel to have detain'd 
here, without an absolute necessity, which I did not 
apprehend, as we have above three thousand troops now 
on the spot, and more coming in every day. I have been 

1745.] LETTERS. 335 

& shall always be ready to advise w th you & communi- 
cate the advice of my Councill, and shall readily join with 
you in prosecuting any thing that can be done for his 
Majesty's service in the good regulation, security & set- 
tlement of this important & glorious conquest, and am, S r , 
with much esteem, 

Your most obed* humb. serv*. 

W. P. 

Comm Warren, Esq r , &c, &c, &c. 


Boston, July 20 th , 1745. 

Hon* Sir, — The two last I wrote y° were by Cap* Adams 
and Cap* Stephenson, to which I beg your reference. His 

Ex -y has determined to take a trip to Luisbourg, & as 

its conjectured its on account of a difference its supposed 

to be subsisting between yon & Comodore W n. Its 

beyond all question that the comand of Luisbourg is in 

you, nor can the Com e have any just pretensions to it. 

Still its here asserted that the point is in dispute, & that 
y e same is very unacceptable to the land forces on the 
spott, & its no less so to N. England in general. Its 
fully expected by this Province, I presume, and I believe 
you may depend upon it, that if you have for wise & 
good reasons, at present unknown to us, made any con- 
cessions to the Com e, that his Ex y will take 

effectual methods to secure to you your just rights & 
thereby to prevent the ambitious designs of any against 
you or our country from taking place. Should his 

Ex y, which no one, I think, can imagine he will, 

take the part of the Com e against you or the country, 

& so abridge you & the Province of any benefit, either in 
point of honour or interest that may be your just due, 
(and as I said just now, there can be no dispute but you 


are the Comander in Chiefe there for the time being, 
in respect of y e Coiiiodore or any sea officer with you 
on shore), I hope you'l show a just resentment to it, 
even to y e returning your commission. But I am rather 
inclined to think that things will take a different turn, 
& that the assuming behaviour of a certain person will 

meet with no countenance from his Ex y. I assure 

you it will have none here, & its greatly lamented that 
there has been even so much as a surmise that you 
have made such concessions as not to sign before the 

Com; e, to suffer him to march in before you, to send 

home the first express, or rather not to suffer your send- 
ing one home, his officers taking place of yours, contrary 
to y e most antient established custom & many other 
things w ch I cant now relate ; but we flatter ourselves 
when you shall have leisure to represent things in their 
true light, that neither the glory of our country or its 
General shall receive any eclipse or be in y e least sullied 
by the proud & aspiring. 

Give me leave now, Sir, to beg in the name of yo r 
family, & my Mother Pepperrell in particular, that as 
soon as you can with any propriety (for sooner you will 
not) you will return home, nor will you, we trust, lay 
yourself under any fresh obligations to be longer absent 
from them. My Mother Pepperrell sends her love 
(Bettsy her duty). She has wrote y° by M rs Winslow, 
who takes her passage in the Hector. I hope, Sir, you'l 
be as full as possible in your next relating to the 
premises, & be assured your country is your friend, & 
will to the last vindicate your asserting your just right 
on its behalf, as well as your own, & that I am beyond 
expression, TIon d Sir, 

Y r ob fc son & devoted seiV. 

N. Spariiawk. 

General Peppkrreli . 

1745.] LETTERS. 337 


To the Honorable Lieu 1, General Pepperrell, Comander in Chief of his 
Majesties Troops. At Louisbourg. By Cap 1 Branscome. 

Hon ble Sir, — I wrote you a line or two the 28 th of 
June, via Boston, under cover to M r Tyler. As I have 
the honor to be in your friendship silence would illy 
become me upon so important an event as that of the 
conquest of Louisbourg by an army under your command, 
an event glorious in itself and glorious in its conse- 
quences. Sir, I congratulate you on the victory, and on 
the honor you have acquired by it ; and I heartily joyn 
with you in rendering unfeigned thanks to the most high 
God for the many and remarkable interventions of His 
kind providence in favour of the expedition, and finally 
for the success. I wish you (in proper time) a safe 
return and such a reception as is due to your merit. 
When your liesure will allow you to honor me with a 
line, pray tell me whether my son has ben a good boy or 
not, and whether he has deserved most the rod or sugar 
plumbs ; as he has merited be pleased to deal with him. 
I perceive there has ben thoughts, and talk too, in New 
England of your being made Governor of N. Hampshire, 
I wish, in mercy to us, you would reconcile yourself to it, 
that we may once more have an English administration. 
If Gov r Belcher can't get Mass a nor New York, hadn't 
he best push for Louisbourg, which with a regiment may 
be as profitable as Mass a , tho not so pleasant. If you 
approve of these hints, I pray you to mention them to 
him by the first opportunity, as I have done in a letter 
this day, put on board Adams, both with respect to him- 
self & you. I am, dear Sir, 

Your most obedient and obliged humble servant. 


Portsmo, July 20 th , 1745. 
Honorable General Pepperrell. 




Louisbourg, July 25 th , 1745. 

May it please your Excellency, — I have your 
favour of 9 th ins fc p r Wise ; am much pleas' d to find that 
you are raizing new levys for Louisbourg, inasmuch as 
many of those who came first are impatient to return 
home. I shall endeavour still, as I always have done, to 
shew a regard to Col Moore's regiment in proportion to 
their merit ; am sorry to find (as I do by copy sent me) 
that you did not mention first to me the false instructions 
you received from some person that that regiment had 
not justice clone them by me. I know that they were 
never put upon more than their share of duty, and I 
always gave them the credit of that, but give me leave 
to tell you, S r , it is no easy matter to hinder such com- 
plaints in an army, no more than some in every regiment 
have done to complain of that their regiment did the 
most duty. I shall be extreamly glad of an opportunity 
to kiss your hand at Portsmouth, but when I shall have 
that pleasure is very uncertain. In the mean time, I 
am, may it please your Excellency, 

Your Excel? most obed* & most humb. serv\ 

W. P. 

His Excell. Gov r Wentworth, &c, &c, &c. 


Boston, July 29, 1745. 

Sir, — Yesterday I receiv'd your dispatches by the 
Rhode Island ship Fame, Capt n Thompson, commander, 
in answer to which I need not be particular as I shall 
without fail imbark for Louisbourg on board the Hector, 
either before or by Saturday next, and upon my arrival 
there may settle what is wanting to be done upon the 
spot. In the mean time I have to inform you y 4 the 

1745.] LETTERS. 339 

Assembly are at present determin'd to supply his Maj y ' s 
service at Louisbourg in the same manner they did before 
the surrender of it, and y* I have and will take all possi- 
ble care of those two necessary articles, provisions and 
cloaths, as I hope you will secure wood in sufficient quan- 
tities, w ch is almost as necessary at Louisbourg in the 
winter. Materials & rum I will take particular care of, 
and what I can of pay for workmen, and also of recruits 
to supply the place of those who are lost or have been 
dismissed. But as both yourself & the Commodore say 
y* near 4000 men are wanting to defend the town & 
batteries, and it is improbable y fc any troops can be sent 
from England before next spring it will be necessary for 
you to stop your hand as to dismissing more men, except 
some of those who belong to the most expos'd eastern 
parts. For I have the disagreable news to inform you of 
y* the Indians have at last broke out upon those settlem ts 
join'd by some Penobscots, and have kill'd one man be- 
longing to Broad Bay and another of George's Fort, both 
of 'em as they were at some distance from our settlem ts & 
alone, & have burnt two or three empty houses & de- 
stroy'd upwards of 70 head of cattle, all belonging to 
George's, and attack' d the fort and Brigadier Waldo's 
blockhouse there w th a body of about 70 men, but with- 
out any hurt or damage to either or any man in 'em and 
with some loss to themselves. We impute this rupture 
to a false report spread by the French among the Indians 
y t we were defeated & cut off at Louisbourg, to prevent 
the ill effects of w ch I had, before we had an ace* of the 
Indians breaking out, sent an express to inform the 
Penobscott & Norridgewalk tribes y r of our success at 
Cape Breton, and y* all the French there were our pris- 
oners, y* with proper promises to encourage 'em in their 
fidelity, & threats to deterr 'em from joining the French 
Indians. But my express arriv'd at George's Fort one 
day too late. However, the Indians know it by this time ; 


and I am apt to think it will have an effect. I should 
have mention'd y* a party of Indians had seiz'd a woman 
within 300 yards of Fort Frederick at Pemmaquid, but 
she broke from 'em & recover'd the fort under the fire of 
its gnnns, with receiving only one flesh wound in the shoul- 
der with a musquet ball from the enemy in her flight. In 
the meanwhile I instantly order'd Sanders w th 30 men on 
board him to repair to George's Fort, & go up all the 
rivers as the service should require, and have sent orders 
to demand of the Penobscott Indians to deliver up to us 
within seven days such of their tribe as had join'd the 
enemy, or to give five hostages to the acceptance of 
Capt n Bradbury, to deliver 'em up in seven days more, 
w ch , if not comply'd with I shall declare warr ag* 'em, 
and a bounty will be forthwith given for their scalps as 
ag* the S* John's and Cape Sable Indians, w ch is already 
reviv'd, and the warr shall be push'd on ag fc 'em in their 
own quarters with the utmost vigour, never to be ended 
whilst I am Governour 'till they are either destroy'd or 
reduc'd to such terms of obedience as to put our settle- 
m ts upon an absolutely secure foot ag* future ruptures 
with the French. I have also sent detachm ts of horse to 
the number of 100 under proper officers to stop the 
enemy's progress, and pursue 'em 'till our last reinforce- 
ment of foot can be rais'cl and sent down, consisting of 
170 men w ch will make up those already sent there up- 
wards of 600 soldiers. I must likewise mention y fc the 
Indians have kill'd two men at different places, straggling 
after their cattle upon the western frontier without the 
Massachusetts line, but have not appear'd in parties or 
made any other attempts there, and I have thereupon 
order'd two snow-shoe companies to scout after 'em into 
the woods, and reinforcem ts are likewise sent down into 
those parts, and more raising for 'em. 

I have given you the above ace* of the motions of the 
Indians, w ch I believe will certainly subside when they 

1745.] LETTEKS. 341 

are undeceiv'd as to the fate of Cape Breton & the success 
of our expedition, y* you may know the very worst of 
the state of our frontiers, and not have false alarms spread 
among you, when the people who are in the midst of the 
enemy speak of their efforts with contempt, as Capt n Brad- 
bury and Nichols at M r Waldo's blockhouse, and Capt n 
Henderson, who is well upon his guard and quite easy. 

In the meanwhile the tw r o Houses in their congratula- 
tory address to me, as you will see, desire I would dismiss 
so many of the soldiers belonging to the eastern frontiers 
as shall be consistent with the safety of Louisbourg & are 
desirous to come away to their families, esteeming the 
western parts to be quite safe ; and I think the eastern 
soldiers should be dismissed very sparingly. For I cant 
think but our eastern Indians (as Loron, Louis, Toxus & 
almost all the old chiefs among 'em have taken indefati- 
gable pains to keep their young men from joining the 
enemy, and when they could not help it have given us 
most faithfull acc ts of their designs and motions, and dis- 
cover'd the utmost anxiety to prevent our receiving any 
mischief) will soon comply with proper terms, now the 
enemy's capital fortress is wrested from 'em, and it would 
be infinitely dangerous for the garrison to be weak handed 
at present, and a bad accident there would be irretrieva- 
ble. And to let you see how easy the Assembly is in their 
apprehensions concerning the enemy Indian, they press 
me exceedingly to visit the army without suspending my 
voyage on ace* of the late motions of the Indians, and 
undertake for the security of the frontiers in the mean 
time. I shall mention here, least I further forget it, y* I 
will send the Cape Breton Indians now in our goal down 
to you to make what use the Commodore and you may 
think proper of 'em. I must now give you an hint y fc the 
two Houses are very uneasy least M r Warren should have 
assum'd a superior command at land over the troops, and 
have conceiv'd a jealousy y* the officers have not been well 


us'd, some of 'em, and y* ace 13 have not been properly 
transmitted home so as to do justice to the behaviour of 
our troops, w ch indued makes 'em extremely urgent with 
me to go down to Louisbourg, and I hope care will be 
taken y* upon my entrance into the harbour I am prop- 
erly saluted by the batteries, I mean the Island Battery 
particularly, as I am by the gunns of Castle William : 
otherwise it will occasion uneasiness, which it is certainly 
in your power to prevent, as the guard of the Island 
Battery, I understand, consists of our own troops, whom 
you may give proper orders to, least there should be any 
mistake. For it is certainly of the utmost consequence 
to preserve a perfect harmony between the land and sea 
at so dangerous a crisis, w ch I dare say M r Warren is dis- 
posed to do, and will do if he considers rightly, and small 
matters conducted with prudence will serve to do it; and 
unless the Commodore is so imprudent as to assume what 
does most evidently not belong to him, and it is in- 
consistent with the King's commission to myself and the 
honour and right of the province y t I should give up, 
(w ch I have a better opinion of him y n to think he will) 
every thing will go smooth between us, and more so 
because I have a real esteem and friendship for him. 

I am very much concern'd to hear y* the men are grown 
uneasy ab fc the plunder, and impatient to return home ; 
surely they won't disgrace their past behaviour by un- 
reasonable discontents and murmurs now, nor think y fc 
the expedition is over 'till his Maj y has the place in his 
own hands. It is evident y t it would shift for itself if the 
troops should quit it, and y fc securing it for his Maj y 'till 
the possession is deliver'd to his orders must be part of 
the expedition. I hope this will reach you before my 
arrival, and y fc I shall have an happy sight of you some 
time next week, and am w th much truth & esteem, Sir, 
Your faithfull friend and servant. 

W. SniRLEY. 

Lieuton 1 Gen Pepperell. 

1745.] LETTERS. 343 


To the Honourable William Pepper il, Esq.j General of his Majesty's 
Forces at Cape Britton. W Gap 1 Gardner. 

Boston, July [blank'], 1745.* 

Dear Sir, — This is the first letter I have wrote you 
since you left Boston, and the first occasion, saving to 
own my great regard and esteem for you, which I might 
in some measure have shewn by often writing, but I well 
knew your time was much better imployed then in read- 
ing my scrawls, so I supplyed that defect in drinking y e 
General & success to his undertaking, w ch I have had the 
pleasure to do every day with your numerous friends. 
This waits on you by Cap 1 Gardner, to give you thanks 
(for my own part) for your good services done our King 
& country, and to joy with you in the happy event of all 
your labour and fatigue. I pray God to crown it with 
abundant success. This young gentleman goes with the 
command of a company. He hoped to be at Cape Britton 
to have shared in the honour of taking it, but the happy 
news came too soon for him to compleat his wish. I am 
apt to believe he would have behaved gallantly in any 
command you w d have orderd ; for I'm sure he is a sol- 
dier and a gentleman. His first education was under the 
Reverend M r Moody (whome I hope he will find well & 
hearty), his last was under me as a gentleman cadet, 
which I am not a little fond to own. Therefore I beg 
the favour of your peculiar care of and countenance to- 
wards him. Wherein you serve him, depend on it, 3011 
will serve the cause you so much incline to and persue, 
and it will be a reward to virtue. The Gov r has promised 
me a Major's commission for him, hav g some knowledge 
of his abilitys. Upon the whole, S r , I am not at all con- 

* Colonel Pollard left the exact date of this letter blank, but it was undoubtedly 
written early in the month, as Samuel Gardner's commission as Major and Captain in the 
third company of the Ninth Massachusetts Regiment was dated July 6, 1745. — Eds. 


cerned but that he will merit your esteem from his con- 
duct & then I'm sure of your friendship for him. I hope 
this will kiss your hands at the Demi-Luna, presiding over 
y r loyal army, and I pray for health and peace to attend 
you and them, and a safe return to y r own country. I 
am, worthy S r , 

Your most obedient humble serv\ 

Benj a Pollard. 


To the Honourable William Pepperell, JEsq r , Commander in Chiefe 
att Louisburg. V Mr Sam. Lowder. 

Boston, August 3 d , 1745. 

Dear Sir, — I am favoured in a friendly letter from 
you of 4 July, for which I am highly obliged, and am now 
to own it with pleasure. I had wrote you before I was 
knowing to the hon r done me, which I hope you received, 
& I again most heartily give you joy in the success of the 
expedition; for my own part I never thought of y e Eng- 
lish being masters of Louisburg, especially on so easy 
terms, if at all. Nor did I ever see the divine hand so 
manifestly appear as in that instance, for I have observed 
from the begining to the end g of the expedition a most 
wonderfull seeres of weather and every other circumstance 
to render the conquest easy, for w rCh may the good God 
be praised by ns all. 

This waits on you by a kindsman of mine, one M r Samuel 
Lowder, midshipman with Cap 4 Gayton, whom I value & 
esteem for his sobriety & good behaviour. He has the 
happyness of being beloved by his captain and officers & 
those others who know him. As he was going to Louis- 
burg he thought a line in his favour to you might give 
him your countenance if there was occasion. Therefore 
I have ventured to mention him to you as my friend, & 
in confidence of which I'm sure you'l not be want g to 

1745.] LETTERS. 345 

show him any little civility he may stand in need off. I 
have directed my little boy, Charles Hubbard, whom I 
have bound out aprentice to Cap* Gayton, to wait on you 
with my hearty service. I hope both he and M r Lowder 
will find in [you ?] in perfect health & in high sperets 
keep g up the dignity of your high station. I have been 
& am still much hurryed in the affair of Cape Bretton, 
so can't be so happy as to see you there, but hope to have 
that pleasure at Boston before winter. I am, d r s r , 
Your most ob fc lmmb. sv\ 

Benj a Pollard. 


The Honorable William Pepperrell, Esq r . Lieutenant General and 
Commander in Cheif of the Troops at Louisbourg. These. ' 

Dear Sir, — This waits upon you to speak a word in 
favour of M r Shipton. He married my sister-in-law M rs 
Bethiah Willoughby, and is a gentleman for whom I have 
a value. I have heard he intends to settle at Louisbourg, 
if he can meet with encouragement. I believe 'tis in 
your power to do him service in this respect. And' as 
he may be a stranger to you, I take this opportunity, not 
only to recommend him as an honest, industrious, capable 
person, but to beg your interest on his behalf. And 
whatever kindness you express towards him, I shall take 
as done to myself, and as adding to the obligations I am 
under to love and honor you. And I am the rather in- 
clined to be sollicitous in beseeching your favourable 
regards to him as he has a growing family and is under 
difficulties (as you may have heard) by means of disap- 
pointments and losses in his business. He is a sutable 
object of your compassionate regards, and by using your 
interest in his favour you will do a kindness, not only to 
him, but to his wife and children, who will account you 
a father to y m in their affliction. 


I hope you will pardon this freedom. I should not 
have taken it but that I know 'tis a pleasure to you to 
be kind and good to the distressed, — those that become 
so, not thro' their own fault, but by adverse providences 
frowning on their affairs. 

I wrote you largely by the man-of-war, or this same 
opportunity, tho' as I gave my letter to the care of your 
son Sparhawk I can't tell which. I hope it will come 
safe to hand, and I should be glad of a particular answer 
to it, because I wrote it in love and from the great regard 
I have always professed towards you. 

The Lord still protect and bless you, and return you in 
safety to your family and friends. I am 
Your affectionate brother. 

Charles Chauncy. 

Boston, August 4 th , 1745. 

To the Hon ble General Pepperrell, Esq 1- . 


Boston, Aug 1 6 th , 1745. 

Hon d S R , — After asking pardon for y s freedoms of 
writing, I with great pleasure give you joy on this great 
and glorious conquest of Lewisburgh, an affair w ch for 
months past fill d every heart and house with concern, 
and altho' kind Providence in every appearance was in 
our favour, not only as to winds and weather, but that 
solid courage and intrepid behaviour while on the spot, 
yet we were ready to say upon many reports, — It's im- 
possible to be done ; but our pulpits and press, as well as 
private conversation, tell that when men of equall cour- 

* Christopher M'mot, the son of Col. Stephen Minor, was born in 1706, and graduated at 
Harvard College in 1725. lie was a custom house officer, and espousing the side of the 
mother country at the time of the Revolution, went from Boston with the British troops in 
1770, to Halifax, N. S., where he died March 12,1783. See Genealogical Record of the 
Minot Family, p. 17. — Eds. 

1745.] LETTERS. 347 

age to yourself & Commodore, in conjunction w th your 
brave officers and men, engage in warr under the auspi- 
cious smiles of Heaven nothing seemes difficult ; and 
double strength w th superiour advantage falls victims to 
your prudent schemes and undainted courage, and I 
assure you, S r , it is no little pleasure to many of your 
friends here who always simpathize w th the distressed 
that those people have fallen into the hands of so com- 
passionate a gentleman as yourself. We this morning 
rec d the news of an Indiaman taken & carr d in, w ch must 
give you great pleasure and profitt. I referr you to the 
gentlemen in the Hector and Cap* Tyng for all occur- 
rances, forreign and domestick. And now, S r , may this 
glorious conquest, so universally beneficiall to this con- 
tinent, under your prudent and brave conduct, settle you 
and family in the love and esteem of this Province, and 
from the noise and anxious care and fateague of warr. 
May you again fill the civiil chair of goverment in peace 
and plenty, and in advanc d age look back and say, I have 
fought a good fight, I have finish d my course, I have 
gain d the victory, and rise to immortal honours, w ch is the 
sincere desire and hearty prayer of, S r , 

Your friend & very humble serv*. 

Chris™ Minot. 

Excuse y 8 intrusion upon your hours of importance. 


Louisbourg, Aug* 6 th , 1745. 

Mat it please your Excellency, — Since I last had 
the honour of writing you I have not receiv'd the favour 
of any of your commands, and altho' am daily expecting 
(as well as constantly wishing for) your Excellency's safe 
arrival here, I cannot omitt giving you or the governm* 
the necessary notice of every occurrence. One of the 


inhabitants of this place, viz 1 , John Batiste De Young, 
who is desirous of recommending himself to my favour, 
tells me that in the departure of a schooner lately 
brought into this port (by Cap* Fletcher) from Canada, 
he has good assurance from one Charles, a marriner be- 
longing to s d schooner, that about the 6 th July last past 
there were ten thousand French troops raiz'd, victualled, 
& ready to march from Quebec for the English frontiers ; 
he also informs me that the number of men at Canada 
fitt to bear arms are 45,000, of w ch number are only 
150 regular troops in the French King's pay, 50 of 
whom are posted at Quebec, and 100 at Montreal ; that 
there are 2000 French families settled on the River S e 
Lawrence below Quebec ; that there is no fort or bat- 
tery between the entrance of the river & Quebec ; he 
further adds that he was last year at Canada, but knows 
nothing of the French building a fort on the Isle of 
Orleans. On the other hand I am inform'd by the cap- 
tain of the same schooner that the French at Canada 
were in constant alarm from an expectation they had of 
an English visit this summer, & from many other hands 
that the number of men at Canada is 25,000 only. 

Your intelligences from Albany will probably give you 
the best satisfaction, but for my own part I am under no 
apprehension of so formidable an attack, but that the 
chief, if not only, danger of the frontiers is from the 
Canada men who lately besieg'd Annapolis, and which I 
fear, without the extraordinary interposition of the prov- 
ince, will soon ruin the whole frontiers, which must 
greatly abate, if not overbalance, the joys of our late 
victory. The present circumstances of the army give 
me the utmost concern & uneasiness. Appearances only, 
without frequent complaints, would move the pity of 
every one who has the least compassion for his fellow 
mortalls. The soldiers are in want of almost all the 
necessarys of life, cloathing of all sorts more especially, 

1745.] LETTERS. 349 

great numbers of the people being almost naked, many 
of them have not had shoe or stocking for two months 
past, nor were the commissarys able to furnish them. I 
was for some considerable time after reduction of this 
island by advice from the Hon ble Comm tee at Boston in 
expectation of necessarys of all kinds, & accordingly 
made the people easy from the prospect thereof. But 
now the expected supplys are arriv'd, instead of 30 or 
40 pair of shoes to each company, I find the proportion 
is only four pair & a half, w ch is a great disappointment, 
and the fault here imputed to me ought to lye at another 
door. This climate is very subject to foggs & rain, with 
which we have now been visited for 5 or 6 days, which 
and the badness of the houses, the want of cloaths, the 
unwholsomness of the water, & the noisomness of the 
town, occasion' d by so long a siege, much exposes our 
men, who being disappointed in their expectations of re- 
turning to their respective homes, so sinks their spirits 
that they daily fall sick, & in greater number than at any 
time during the siege, & their symptoms appear more dan- 
gerous, as the doctors tell me. I verily believe it would 
have tended much to the health & content of the army had 
the commissarys been able to continue to them rum in 
proper portions ; as it's difficult to purchase here, it has 
been impossible but they must have been many times with- 
out, & I am sorry to say, that notwithstanding all I could 
do they have greatly suffered. I obtained the favour of a 
purchace of some brandy of Comm Warren, w ch was of 
great service, but this is expended ; & I have not since 
been able by purchace & loan to obtain more than 5 or 
6 hh ds of rum, & I see very litle, if any, prospect of ob- 
taining more, that the usual complaints for want thereof 
will soon be renewed. The shoes sent are too small, 
therefore useless, & the shirts are also too short. There 
is a general disatisfaction & uneasiness in the army on the 
aforegoing heads, and unless speedy care be taken for the 


redress of all the grievances, the consequences may be 
fatal 1. The Massachusetts troops are fully sensible that 
they are on a lower establishment of pay than those of 
Connecticut & Khode Island, & that their fatigue & real 
service has been inferiour to none. They rely on the gen- 
erosity of his Majesty and justice of their country; so I 
have no trouble in this respect, but I apprehend you'll 
find without the pay being enlarged few volun tiers will 
appear to reinforce these garrisons, but be that as it may, 
it appears to me both just & necessary that some new 
levys be raiz'd to relieve part of the army, and that such 
whose fortune it may be to be destin'd here for support of 
this place, untill his Majesty is able to garrison the same, 
should be provided with suitable cloathing, beds and other 
necessary s for their support & comfort while they are 
detain'd. We are also in great want of medicines, w ch is 
another unhappy affair, as the army are now sickly. As 
the supporting of this fortress is of the greatest conse- 
quence to all the British Colonys it is highly reasonable 
they should all contribute thereto in some regular stipu- 
lated proportion, which I hope will be most speedily and 
successfully solicited, but as this will be a work of time 
and the event uncertain, the burthen must, I apprehend, 
lye a little longer on the Massachusetts, and as large 
supplys of all sorts of stores should be furnish'd & secured 
in the King's magazines here for support of this & the 
neighbouring garrisons not only this winter, but for a six 
months' siege, which may reasonably be expected to com- 
mence with the spring, it will require a close & speedy 
attention, for that the army may, and probably will be 
here so early next spring as to prevent recruits or supplys 
coming in, as was the late case of this place. I have 
nothing further at present to offer for the publick service, 
but to beg of your Excellency, as I have with the utmost 
justice represented the circumstances of the army & of 
this fortress, that due consideration may be had thereon, 

1745.] LETTERS. 351 

and that such resolutions may be taken as may be for his 
Majesty's service & the further honour of my dear coun- 
try, for the peace & welfare of which and every hapiness 
to your Excellency is the most hearty wish of, 

Your Excellency's most obed* humb. serv\ 

W. P. 

His Excellency Gov r Shirley, &c, &c, &c. 


S R , — I wrote you a few lines the last sumer, advising 
of my arrival here, which I hope you receiv d . I am now 
most agreeably entertain 4 with your obliging l ttr of 4 of 
last moneth from Louisburgh, giving me an acco* of your 
proceedings (at the head of the King's troops) against the 
fortifications of that place, & of its submitting to his 
Britannick Majesty on the 17 day of June last. From 
the universal consent of the officers & troops under your 
comand (as well as from the testimony of the prudent, in- 
trepid Comodore Warren) your steady conduct & bravery 
in this glorious expedition has been the topick of conver- 
sation in all the publick places of this great town from the 
first news of the reduction of important Cape Breton, & 
this one action of your life will gain you, S r , a reputation 
that shall survive mouldring brass & marble. The con- 
sequences of regaining this place to the obedience of the 
imperial crown of Great Britain can't be easily exprest 
or imagin d & of which the King's ministers grow more 
& more sensible every day. On rec* of your l ttr I ime- 
diately waited on several of them & comunicated it to 
them, in which I was kindly receiv d & they thankt me. I 
particularly observ d from it the desire of the N. England 

* Jonathan Belcher, Governor of Massachusetts from 1730 to 1741, was born in Cam- 
bridge, Jan. 8, 1681-2, graduated at Harvard College in 1699, and died at Elizabethtown, 
X. J., Aug. 31, 1757. When this letter was written he had been for several years in Eng- 
land. See Belcher Papers in 6 Mass. Hist. Coll., vols. vi. vii. — Eds. 


people to return home, to which they said, orders were 
gone to Gibraltar for two regiments to be sent from 
thence to Cape Breton imediately. I then made a re- 
mark on the postscript of your l fctr & of your disinterested, 
generous behaviour in the whole course of this enterprize. 
to which I was answ d that they believ d the King wou d be 
willing to give you a regiment if you cou d raise one, 
& to be plac' 1 (with , the others) at Louisburgh. If they 
won' 1 do this, & make you Gov r in Chief of the place, both, 
I believe, wou d be worth 2000£ str. a year, which I shou d 
think a handsome reward. The Ministry seem well in- 
clin d to recoiiiend you to the King in every reasonable & 
proper manner. I wish I knew your correspondent here, 
that I might concert with him in every thing for your 
service. For I am, in great truth, Hon ble S r , 

Your hearty old friend & ready serv*. 

J. Belcher. 

London, August 7, 1745. 
Mr. Pepperrell. 


For the Hon ble L. General Pepper ell at Lew isburgh. By L* Wakefeild. 

Boston, August 9, 1745. 

Most iion d Sir, — Three dayes agoe I had y e favour & 
pleasure of your kind & good letter in return to mine. 
I am exceedingly obliged to you for your chearful con- 
sent to M rs Frost's coming to my house, & thank you for 
your prayers (whereof I ask y e continuance) that it may 
be a mutual blessing to us both & to ours. I hope to 
see her in town this evening, or next, for my son Turell 
of Med ford went last week to wait on her by her desire, 
& he spent y e last Sabbath with M r Blunt. Your country 
longs to see you, endeared as you are a thousand fold to 
them, & you wil ever stand next to our excellent Cover- 
nour Shirley in their hearts & in y e history of New Eng- 
land. I hope these wil congratulate you on y e safe 

1745.] LETTERS. 353 

arrival of his Excellency, who with his L* General is every 
day remembered before God in y e prayers of every pious 
& dutiful heart. Never was a man like universally loved 
as his Excellenc} 7 is, & yet not all our reverence & esteem 
can any way answer his merits & our obligation. His 
moments as well as yours (Sir) are so taken up that you 
cannot spare me (I know) an attention to this single line. 
I shall only therefore wish y e divine conduct to his Excel- 
lency more & more, with yourself & y e Hon ble Commo- 
dore Warren, who in his kind return to my congratulation 
on y e surrender of Lewisburgh is pleas' cl to express him- 
self in words of the highest honour & affection for your 
Honour. Will you please, Sir, to make my acknowledg- 
ment of his favour to me acceptable to his Honour. I 
hope this may also congratulate him & his lady on her 
safe arrival, & if y e prayers of faith & love wil help to 
waft Gov r Shirley & his lady safe to you, & in health, we 
promise ourselves their pleasant & prosperous voyage. 

This comes by M r Joseph Wakefield, nam'd for a 
second L* under Cap* Hills, who went in Cap* Tyng. He 
is by trade a glazier & plumber, & y e company, I hear, 
are all tradesmen. I hope their arrival may be very 
profitable, both as soldiers, & with respect to their various 
occupations at Lewisburgh ; & if M r Wakefield in partic- 
ular shal endeavour to merit you favour, I do him y e 
service to name him to your Honour at his humble re- 
quest. He has a family here of children & is a member 
of our congregation. His son accompanies him, & I pray 
God the conquest may have many New England men 
spirited to repair & refit it, & find a comfortable settle- 
ment & defence under y e protection of Heaven. I am, 
Sir, with y e greatest respect & affection, & under double 

Your Honour's most humble & obedient servant. 

Benjamin Colman. 

General Pepperell. 



Louisbourg, August 9 th , 1745. 

Honor cle S R , — I have seen a coppy of a letter from 
the Camp, dat d y e 8 th day of June last, direct d to you as 
Speaker of y e Hon ble House of Representatives, sign d 
Robert Hale, wherein he complains of y e frequent suf- 
ferings of the many sick & wound* of his regiment for 
want of a chirurgion, & tells of his orders at several times 
to have his chirurgion attendance on shore, & that they 
have as often been countermand* 1 by me, notwithstanding 
all y e remonstrance he had ben able to make. 

I am sorry that gent m has given himselfe this liberty 
& you & y e Honor ble House y e trouble. Doct r Rand, 'tis 
true, remaind on board some time after his arrival here 
at w ch I was uneasy, & sent for him several times, and 
soon after he came ashore y e cheiff chirurgion & others 
inform* me of his incapacity to be serviceable ashore thro 
indisposition of body, that if he co d be serviceable any- 
where it must be on b d y e hospital vessell, that as to y e 
afores d regiment they had hitherto & w d still take y e need- 
full care, upon w ch I order d M p Rand again on board y e 
hospital vesell to take care of the sick & wound* there, 
and upon y e whole I have not y c least reason to think 
that any of his people suffer*, unless it was about two 
companys w ch he kept (to me then unknown) principally 
to waite on himselfe from y e post where with y e other 
part of his regiment they were station' 1 by my express 
order. These men being seperated from their regim* 
for ought I know might want y e doct rs care, & y e other 
part of his regiment might also suffer by their duty 
being the heavier, and that gent m indisposition only 

* Thomas Cashing, father of the Revolutionary statesman of the same name, was at 
this time Speaker of the Massachusetts House of Representatives. — Eds. 

1745.] LETTERS. 355 

has freed him from my manifest resentment for his 

I have don all in my power to do justice to y e army, & 
to serve my King & countery, & am willing to submit my 
conduct to y e strictest scrutinny and severest censure of 
men of hon r , and am w th best respects to yo r selfe & y e 
Hon ble House, Hon ble S r , 

Your very hum ble serv*. 

W M Pepperrell,. 

To the Honor b,e the Speaker of the Hon ble House of Representatives in 



To General Pepperell at Cape Briton. 

London, 6 th mo. or Aug* 10 th , 1745. 

General Pepperell, — I take this opportunity in 
comp a with my Bro r Belcher's letter to give thee these 
few lines. I assure myself thou willt receive the con- 
gratulations of the Ministry & others here for y e success 
which has attended your late expedition in y e reduction 
of Cape Briton, which in the consequences of it will 
doubtless be of very extraordinary service, as well to this 
kingdom as to our British colonys in general. And its 
to be hoped that now the English have it in possession 
no consider 1 whatever will prevaile to the parting with 
it again. I send thee inclosed 2 or 3 of our London 
prints w ch will demonstrate how sensible we are here of 
y e value of that place. And now I shall just give thee 
a few hints of public transactions in Europe respecting y e 
pres* war, &c a . The King is still at Hannover, but is 
likely to return hither much sooner than was expected. 
The Lords Justices on y e 6 th instant published a proclam a 

* Brother-in-law of Governor Belcher. He had joined the Quakers before this letter 
was written. See 6 Mass. Hist. Coll., vols. vi. vii., passim. — Eds. 


offering a reward of £30,000 for apprehend 2 y e Pre- 
tender's eldest son, who (as it is pretended) was either 
embarked or preparing for it in ord r to land in Scotland, 
but notwithstanding we don't seem to have anything to 
fear on his account. As to y e war in general things of 
late look with an indifferent aspect on our side, I mean 
as to y e land war, especially in Flanders where y e French 
are driving almost all before them, they being above 
double the number of our allied army there, & have 
now beseiged Ostend, w ch very probably they will be 
masters off in a little time. Indeed many people are 
now of opinion that if y e English had not expended so 
many millions as they have done in carrying on the land 
war, but had employ'd y e money more in managing the 
war by sea, & stuck principally to that, it would have 
been much more to our advantage. The taking of Cape 
Briton, & since that of 2 prodigious rich Spanish S° Sea 
ships (worth about a million sterl.) taken by 2 of our 
London privateers, & also of 4 or 5 French Ind a men (3 
of them from China) taken by 4 of our men of war in 
the East Indies, w ch with several other late valuable 
captures must greatly distress y e enemy & go a good way 
towards some compensation for our ill success in other 
respects. I should at any time be glad of a few lines 
from thee, & if I can be of any service to thee here, 
depend on the readiness of 

Thy assured friend & countryman. 

Kicri D Partridge. 

Pray be so kind as to forward the letters herewith for 
Boston V first vessell bound thither. 

1745.] LETTERS. 357 


Hono ble S E , — The 7 instant I wrote by Capt. Rous in 
answer to your favour of 4 July. This is principally to 
congratulate you on the honour the King has done you 
as one mark of his esteem of your good conduct & steady 
bravery (at the head of his troops) in the reduction of 
Cape Breton, as by inclosed Gazette, an acco fc whereof 
you'll also have many other wayes. # I find you are to 
have a regiment, which will be a handsome income. I 
have mention 4 to the Chancellor of the Exchequer (M r 
Pelham) that you might also have the contract from the 
Crown for victualling the garrison of Louisburgh at six 
pence sterling a man a day, as is paid for Annapolis, 
which wou d be a fine penny in your pocket* And as 
Admiral Warren is to be Gov r of Louisburgh his l ttrs in 
your favour on this head, together with your own, to the 
King's Ministers wou d easily effect the matter. Altho 
your regiment will be posted at Louisburgh, yet you'll 
have liberty to be at home as much as you please, where 
you'll be able to manage the affair of the victualling to 
the best advantage. I shou d rejoice that you may get it 
into your hands, as I shall in every article of your pros- 
perity, being, S r , 

Your assured friend & most obed fc serv*. 

J. Belcher. 

London, Aug* 1G, 1745. 
S r William Pepperrell. 

* The reference is to the announcement of the King's intention to confer a baronetcy 
on Pepperrell.. — Eds. 



To the Uoil' 1c William Pepperrell, Esq'\ Lieu 1 General, <fec, at Louis- 
bourg. V Cap 1 Hatch. 

Boston, Aug. 17, 1745. 

Hon ble Sir, — The Committee of War, having been 
favoured with a sight of your letter of the 6 th of August 
to Governour Shirley, observe the great complaints & 
uneasiness of the army, arising in great measure from 
the want of rum & cloathing, which seems to be pointed 
out to as a defect in the Committee ; and therefore they 
look on themselves obliged to vindicate their own conduct 
in that affair and say, as to rum and molasses the Com- 
mittee was impowered by the General Court to supply 
the army with those articles, and did go on so to do until 
they received a letter from you to put a stop by reason 
(as you say) a sufficiency of those two articles was taken 
from the enemy, & therefore you would supply the army 
with them. As for the small proportion of shoes you 
mention that was arrived, if you had had recourse to the 
letter and invoices that accompanied that small parcel of 
shoes, you would found that about eleven hundred pair 
was contained in the invoices & actually shipt, altho' not 
arrived with you ; besides we are daily making more & 
hope shall get a full supply of that article. As for cloath- 
ing a sufficiency is not to be had just now, yet we are 
daily picking up all that we can lay our hands on, yet do 
not expect to send full supply till some woolen goods 
arrive from England, & then shall compleat what's 
necessary, altho' it should be late first. We are provid- 
ing large number of beds, & shall send them down as 
fast as they are got ready, as well as the provisions & 
materials you sent for. In one word the Committee 
employ their whole time in nothing else but to take care 
of & provide for the army, &c, at Louisbourg, having 

1745.] LETTEES. 359 

the affair so greatly at heart. Which now concludes us, 
with just regards, 

Your Honour's most humble serv ts , 

In the name of the Com tee . 

J. Osborne. 

HonMe Lieu* General Pepperrell. 


Kittery, August 17 th , 1745. 

Hon d & dear Sir, — Since my last by M r Trefethen, in 
whose vessell the bearer, Cap* Frost, takes his passage, I 
have y e honour of yours of the 29 th ultimo, the contents 
of which I shall pay all possible regard to, and make the 
needfull reply at present, if I have time. I am glad my 
letters to the 17 th ultimo had reached your hands. I 
long to have an answer to two I wrote you by the fleet 
that sailed with y e Governour. One of them M r Cham- 
bers Russell took care of, & y e other I gave to M r 
Colman, just as I was coming out of Boston, to be did. 
to some safe hand. I hope they will in due time get 
safe to you. I have your three letters to the Duke of 
Newcastle, and shall forward them by safe opportunitys. 
I observe what you have wrote jovntly with the Como- 
dore, w ch I think can't be amiss, though it's a pity you 
had not sent your private letter to the Duke in y e 1° ves- 
sell, & let Rouse carry a duplicate instead of the originall. 
However as his Majesty is abroad, its probable nothing 
will be done before your letters gett to hand. I imagine 
the Comodore must have a very great interest indeed to 
have liberty to be at sea & be a Comander in Chief at 
Luisbourg too. Besides if any of our friends do but take 
the trouble in season of making a proper representation 
of the facts respecting the seige its impossible but you 
must have the advantage of him, and though there 
should not be an ample representation made 'till M r 


Bollam getts home, there will be a necessity of his doing 
of it, for that is his busyness home, & is to be the founda- 
tion upon w ob we are to expect a reimbursement of our 
great expence. Had you intimated to me before the 
choice of M r Bollam your having the least inclination to 
go home, there would have been no difficulty in getting 
your election. I am greatly oblidged to you that you 
have thought me any thing equall to such a trust. It 
would by no means have suited me (unless I was more 
capable) to have gone as the country's agent ; but I 
flatter myself if I had gone on the 1° news of the success 
of the army, on your behalf, from Boston, that by the 
help of your & my friends it would have been a very easy 
task to have accomplished those ends that we now pro- 
pose. In y e present circumstances & scituation of affairs 
I cannot think of a better expedient than to employ M r 
Bollum. One difficulty only occurs to me that is discourag- 
ing, which is that if Gov r Shirley has promised his interests 
to M r Waldo, and has engaged M r Bollum accordingly, it 
renders M r Bollum a very improper person to serve you 
in y e present affair, though it would then be very con- 
sistent for M r Bollum to serve the army in those regards 
which I have several times mentioned to you. Now as 
the Governour w T ill be on the spott when you receive 
this, give me leave, Sir, to say y t were I in your place, I 
would know of him whether he was engaged, and if not, 
pray his letter on your behalf to the Duke & his other 
friends, and his recommendation of the affair to M r 
Bollam ; if he is engaged to M r Waldo or another, I 
should be glad to have orders to employ M r Eliakim 
Palmer & M r Agent Kilby, — the latter is our very good 
friend, — or any other persons whom you may like better. 
Let me have letters to some friend or other of yours, to 
supply such person or persons on your account with y e 
needfull to sollicit the affair for 3 7 ou. The expence 
can't be great, so you need not be concerned about that 

1745.] LETTERS. 361 

I shall wait your answer before I proceed any further 
with M r Bollam, who, I assure you, has appeared very 
forward to serve you in any regard. As I hinted just 
now if he is engaged in another interest as to this par- 
ticular post the Governour knows it, & will (one would 
think) be so kind as to let you know what you may 
depend upon. Its a great pleasure to me that you 
have so just a notion of the army's merit and your own 
as the head of it. Its true there would been no expe- 
dition without you had gone, & if you expostulate w th the 
Governour upon it (as he is fully sensible thereof) who 
will be as much served by the enterprise, or more, then 
any one subject at land, its impossible but he must do 
every thing in his power for you. If not it would be 
best by no means to give the point up, for M r Bollam is, 
as I have said already, in the busyness of the Province 
oblidged by absolute necessity so justly to represent 
matters in favour of the New England troops that the 
Ministry will easily see who has atchieved the victory ; 
so if the Gov r and he are in another's interest they must, 
in order to obtain their own ends, do every thing neces- 
sary. But just ask for y e post, which there is enough 
will do for you, & either of the gen 11 I have mentioned 
might undoubtedly do it effectually, if M r Bollam is 
engaged by the Governour another way. Were the post 
to oblidge you to tarry on the spott I don't wonder you 
are indifferent about it, or rather determined not to have 
it. But even in this case, I say, you might sell it with 
a great deal of honour for a very large sum. I am 
heartily glad upon the whole that there is any reason to 
expect you home shortly. Scarce any thing in the 
world would give me more pleasure, and it's heartily 
longed for by my dear Moth r Pepperell & your son & 
daughter & thousands that are no ways related to you. 

As to young Royall I am very sorry I was prevailed 
on to say a word on his behalf. His uncle imposed on 


me, as after I wrote I found him to be a most worthless 
wretch ; so I hope you will have taken no notice of him, 
at least to y e disadvantage of any person living. There 
is one Cap* Gardner gone down some time ago, a very 
worthy young gen 11 , who you know so w r ell that I beleive 
I might have omitted mentioning him. I am glad that 
you & the Comodore are now in good terms. I flatter 
myself that they are honourable on your side. I mean 
that he has made the proper acknowledgments for not 
knowing his place better then by some of his conduct it 
appears that he did. 

I am greatly oblidged to you, & Brigadier Waldo, to 
whom I now write, that you will interest M r Colman & I 
one half in any purchases you may make. I hope M r 
Colman will be down ; if not, he will furnish you with 
the best advices of the prices of India goods both here & 
in Great Brittain. As you are pleased to repose so 
much confidence in me as to leave the sollicitation & 
management of afores d affairs to my prudence, you may 
depend that I shall act with all the caution and judgment 
I possibly can. However, Sir, let me beg you'l let me 
know the needfull with regard to my employing M r 
Bollam or not the 1° opp°. My Moth r Pepperrell & Bro r 
Andrew write you by this opp°. Bettsy sends her duty 
to her father. She & Natty are both w r elL I can only 
add (& I beg pardon for being so tedious) that I hope 
you'l return as soon as possible, if you are oblidged 
to visit Cape Breton once more, which I hope won't be 
the case, and that I sincerely desire to approve myself, 
with all imaginable regard, Hon ble Sir, 

Y r ob* son & most devoted hum 1 serv*. 

N. Sparhawk. 

My compliments attend all enquiring friends. I wish 
I had time to transcribe my letter as I have not; hope 
you'l excuse what is amiss. 

Lieu 1 General PEPPERRELL. 

1745.] LETTERS. 363 


Hon ble Sir, — This day I received your favour of the 
30 th July, and am much obliged to you for it. I am fully 
sensible of your continual hurry, and of the weight con- 
stantly lying on your mind and on your shouldiers, and 
of your persevering zeal for promoting the interest of 
your King and of your country ; and I heartily hope your 
merit will in proper time have its due reward. I am glad 
the hint I gave of the injurious treatment you had from 
our Chief was acceptable to you ; the part he acted was 
certainly mean and unhandsome, but it was beyond his 
power and the influence of his tools to cast any real stains 
or blemishes on your fame and character, which are great 
and honorable, and too firmly establish'd to be shaken 
by him or his dupes. I have had from several quarters 
the pleasing account that my son had proved himself both 
a brave and a prudent young man ; and what you say of 
him is no small addition to my pleasure. He has wrote 
me several times of your favours towards him, and par- 
ticularly of your late condescentions in conversing with 
him and asking him to eat at your table, which I acknowl- 
edge is a new obligation upon me. As he has already 
received such favours from your hands, I han't the least 
doubt of your readiness to shew him any further marks 
of respect, especially in the article of his promotion, so 
far as it may fairly fall in your way. 

I should be as glad to see your safe return as any man 
in New England, and yet I can't say I am sorry that you 
are to tarry where you are till his Majesty's pleasure shall 
be known, for after you have gain'd so much honor by 
so remarkable a conquest what pity would it be that any 
of the brave fellows that have fought so manfully under 
your banner should be left behind you against their wills, 
or in any manner of uneasiness and discontent under the 


command of indigent and necessitous creatures, or of such 
as have tyranny blended in their very souls. Give me 
leave, Sir, to say as a friend that I apprehend the most 
effectual way of securing the honor and reputation you 
have gotten by carrying your army into the city will be 
by bringing those of them out of it, and to their respec- 
tive homes, who desire to return. We have wretched 
storys spread amongst us of one New Hampshire officer; 
if they are true, he is not fit to have a being, either in 
heaven or on earth. Does it not appertain to you to 
break and dismiss rogues, knaves and common cheats ? 
Pray excuse these freedoms of a most hearty friend. M rs 
Waldron gratefully acknowledges your kindness and civ- 
ilities to her son, and joyns with me in a tender of our 
unfeigned respects. I am, hon ble and dear Sir, 

Your very much obliged and most obedient humble 

Rich b Waldron. 

Hon ble General Pepperrell. Portsm , Aug st 17, 1745. 


Boston, August 21, 1745. 

Sir, — This you'll receive by the hands of my son 
William Bowdoin, who comes partly to see the place & 
partly to buy some of the East India goods, of which if 
there's any worth buying he'll draw for sterling or New 
England money. I have ordered him to wait on you, to 
whom I would pray y r advice as y r Honour is more skill'd 
in those sort of goods than he, & what bills he shall draw 
for sterling or New Eng d money you may depend will be 
honourably paid, & if in any thing I can serve you here. 

* James Bowdoin, father of Governor Bowdoin, and second son of Pierre Baudouin, a 
Huguenot refugee, was born near La Rochelle, France, in 1G7G, and died in Boston, Sept. 
8, 1747. He became the leading merchant of his day in Massachusetts, and was for sev- 
eral years a member of the Provincial Council. A copy of this letter, and one of similar 
date and tenor to Admiral Peter Warren at Louisburg, — both with Bowdoin's signature, 
— are to be found among the unpublished Bowdoin papers. — Eds. 

1745.] LETTERS. 365 

please freely to command. We remember you often in 
our Coihittee of War, wishing you all prosperity & hope 
we shall have the pleasure of waiting on you at Boston 
this fall, if affairs at Louisbourg will admit of y r coming 
away. We are purchasing provisions and what else you 
wrote for as fast as possible, & shall be as expeditious in 
sending them, but we find it difficult to get suitable ves- 
sells, for those of 50 or 60 tons won't answer. We would 
pray you to send y e transports back as soon as they can be 
unloaded that they may return to you again. I under- 
stand there 's a quantity of good sea coal at Spanish 
River ab fc 10 leagues from Louisbourg ; if these vessells 
would bring a load of it would be of great advantage to 
them and us, for we are like to want wood very much, 
our vessells being afraid to go to George's, &c, since y e 
Indians have killed y e men thereabout, of which I sup- 
pose you have been informed. His Hon r Gov r Phipps has 
sent for all y e Councellors & there's to be a General Court 
to-morrow to consult & determine whether we must de- 
clare war against Norridgewalk Indians. According to 
my promise to y r Hon r I have incouraged the goverment 
to send men to y e eastward all in my power. I am, with 
the greatest esteem, 

Y r Hon r ' s most humble servant. 

James Bowdoin 

To y e Hon ble Lieut. General Pepper ell. 


To the Hon Ue LeM General! Pepperell in Levisburgh. 

Boston, August 23 th , 1745. 

Honourable & dear S r , — I have your oblidging and 
friendly letter of 8 th curr tfc , and do assure you I have and 

* Jacob Wendell was born in Albany, N. Y., August 5, '1691, and settled in Boston, 
where be became a prominent and successful merchant. He was a member of the Council 
from 1737 to 1750, and Colonel of the Boston regiment, and filled other important offices. 
He died Sept. 7, 1761. See Bridgman's King's Chapel Burial Ground, p. 237. — Eds. 


am doeing all in my power that suitable provision be 
made for the soldjers at Lewisburgh, both as to provisions 
and cloathing, and wee continue to buy up all the pork 
and beaf that come in, and are buying dayly all the cloths 
suitable, and taylors are at work in making cloathing for 
the soldjers. The committee are all doeing what wee can 
to make suitable provision on all accounts. Your letter 
to Governour Shirley received since he sayled has been 
of service, I hope ; for on its coming to hand, the Leu' 
Governour by desire and advise of the Councell sent 
express to all the neighbouring governm ts to desire they 
would joyn with us in raising men and providing provi- 
sions for the garrison that it may be so stored with men, 
ammunition and provisions that itt may defend ittself from 
any attempt the French may make against itt, and I am 
satisfyed by all I can learn the neighbouring governments 
will do considerable more than they have done, and wee 
have an account from Virginia that Governour Gooch is 
raising provisions and ammunition to be sent to you. 
Wee have last night some bread, flower, & pease arrived 
from the Jerseys and New York w ch , with some pork and 
what cloathing and shoes wee cangett ready, will be sent 
imediately. Please to give my duty to the Governour 
and service to all friends with you. I remain with the 
greatest esteem, dear S r , 

Yo r most obed fc humble serv* 1, 

Jacob Wexdell. 

This goes by M r Phillips, sonn-in-law to M r Bromfield, 
and M r Edward Bromfield, Jun r . Your friendship to them 
while at Lewisbun>;h will much oblid«;e their £ood father 
and mee too. 

Yours, &c. J. W. 

1745.] LETTERS. 367 


Kittery, August 24 th , 1745. 

Hon d & dear Sir, — My last to you was by M r Tre- 
fethen & M r Frost, who went together in Trefethen's 
sloop, both w ch letters I hope you have long since re- 
ceived. I have now none of your favours unanswered, 
so shall be y e more concise. I have had very serious 
thoughts of waiting on you by the bearer, Cap* More, and 
should certainly have done it, was it not for y e advices I 
expect from you in regard to what I recomended to you 
to be committed to the care of M r Bollum, or some other 
suitable gentleman, and the utter dislike Bettsy had to 
my taking a voyage. I shall be expecting your sen- 
timents & comands in consequence of several of my last 
letters very soon. In the interim I beg leave to reco- 
mend my partner M r Colman to your favour & good 
offices, who may possibly embark very soon from Boston, 
in case of his arrivall to you. In case he goes its chiefly 
to engage if he can a part of the agency of the Indiamen, 
which tis supposed cannot be legally condemned at Luis- 
bourg, but will be sent up to Boston. M r Waldo has 
wrote us we may depend on all the service he can do us 
in this regard, and your interest & his together, I flatter 
myself, will be superiour to any that the gen 11 gone on the 
same errand can make, viz., Mess rs Sam 1 Wentworth, Jn° 
Wendell, Josiah Quincy, &c. If they are to be sold at 
Luisbourg, its thought by some of our wisest men, that 
the goods should they be sent to England would be seized. 
Gov r Shirley can doubtless well determine this point, and 
should it be found unsafe to purchase in order to remit 
to England, there might notwithstanding be a great ad- 
vantage by sending such goods as you might purchase up 
here, to be sold on this side of Europe, & there will be 
safe opportunitys eno of getting them to Piscataqua, and 
I should w th my partner be much obliged to you & Coll 


Waldo to interest us in the purchases you make, as you 
have generously & kindly proposed to us in your late 
letters. China is a very precarious & dull comodity, & if 
the greatest care is not taken of it, the proffitts on it 
might be lost in breakage. But handkerchiefs, cotton & 
silk are much wanted, & you know the value of them 
in New England, & muslins, striped cottons, pepper, &c. 
But handkerchiefs, if cheap, are what I should think 
would sell the best ; but one would choose a good assort- 
ment, not only of handkerchiefs, but of the other goods. 
Cochineal is a good article at home, & worth 13/ f lb. and 
no duty. Raw silk & all other India goods pay a great 
duty at home, for your government. My greatest depen- 
dence of receiving any proffitt by these Indiamen is by 
having a share in the agency in case they come to Boston 
to be condemned, & whither M r Colman goes to Luisbourg 
or not I flatter myself we shall have a part through your 
goodness & generosity to us, for which we shall always 
be oblidged. I cant think but you might have the Gov- 
ernour's interest should you think proper to ask it. This 
I humbly submit to your wisdom. Bettsy & I are just 
come from our Mother Pepperrell, who is quite dull with 
your long absence, & kept alive with the hope of a visit 
from you shortly. We long for the happy day of your 
arrival in Kittery, & in the interim wish you may be 
a peculiar favourite of Heaven, & indeed always. I 
could greatly enlarge; but Cap* Moore's departing sooner 
than I expected obliges me to conclude with presenting 
Bettsy 's & my most dutyfull regards. I must beg leave 
to add our dear little son is very well, w cb we promise 
ourselves will be a pleasure to you. I wish it was in my 
power to do any thing to contribute to your happiness, & 
am, with all possible respect, hon d Sir, 

Y r most ob* son & devoted hum 6 serv*. 

N. Sparhawk. 

1745.] LETTEKS. 369 

P. S. I hope you'l excuse me if I just hint to you that 
its reported here you dress very inferiour to your rank, 
& don't keep a General's table. I have thought it my 
duty to mention this to yon, especially as I have been 
desired by my Moth r Pepperrell. 

One of my correspond* 8 write that a war will soon be 
declared w th y e eastward Indians. 


New York, 29 Aug Bt , 1745. 

Hon ble Sir, — I heartily congratulate you on your 
great success in the reduction of Louisborough, to his 
Maj es obedience, in which we visibly perceive that the all 
overruling Providence has been pleased to take part, and 
blessed your concern & endeavors for his Maj es interest 
and the good of his subjects on this continent, to your 
imortall honour. I hope y e mynistry at home will take 
•effectuall care to have such a considerable acquisition well 
guarded & suported against all attempts the enemy may 
make to regain Cape Briton, while the same be of such 
vast consequence to us all. 

My son Henry has an inclination to waite [on ? ] you, 
and to assure you my best regards, and withall to run a 
chance to buy some price goods, as also to endeav r by your 
intrest and influence to gett the supplying the garrison 
at Cape Briton with provisions, which I suppose will be 
a considerable thing in time. What contracts he engages 
in I oblidge myself to have performed, and to pay you 
such a consideration out of the profits as you and my son 

* Philip Livingston, second lord of the manor, was born in Albany, July 9, 1686, and 
died in New York, Feb. 4, 1749. He was father of a numerous and influential family. One 
of his sons, Peter Van Brugh Livingston was a prominent merchant in New York, and 
was engaged in furnishing supplies for the expedition against Acadia, in 1755. See 
Appleton's Cyclopaedia of American Biography, vol. iii. p. 741. — Eds. 



do a«ree on, which I hope to be to our mutuall advantage 
& satisfaction. I am, sincerely, Sir, 

Your most hum le & most obedient servant. 

Pn. Livingston. 

To the IIon ble [blank] Pepperil, Esq r , Gen 1 of his Majy' 6 Land Forces at 
Cape Briton. 


Sir, — I heartily congratulate you on the great hon r 
you have done your king, your country, & yourself (under 
the great God, the God of Armes, to whom victory be- 
longs) in reducing Cape Breton to the obedience of his 
Majesty King George, which I apprehend to be a great 
step towards vastly enlarging his Majesties empire in 
America, which I pray God grant in his own time, and 
that this our country may be great sharers in so great a 
blessing, and that w T e may in some degree deserve it by 
reforming w T hat is amiss among us. 

I herewith send you by Cap* Tyng half a dozen of the 
Reverend M r Prentice's Thanksgiving Sermons on that 
occasion,! which I hope will please your whole army of 
volunteers, & encourage others on anv the like occasion. 
He has fully shown them by such gallantry the way to 
gain the hearts & affections of the ladys, which may be 
as apt to raise courage in a soldier as almost any thing. 
If your Honour will please to accept of one of them, & 

* Hon. John Alford was baptized at the Old South Church in Boston, July 5, 1085, and 
died Sept, 30, 17G1. To a testamentary provision in his will Harvard College is indebted 
for the endowment of the Alford Professorship of Natural Theology. See Wyman's 
Charlestown Genealogies and Estates, vol. i. p. 16; Quincy's History of Harvard Univer- 
sity, vol. ii. pp. 141, 142. — Eds. 

t Rev. Thomas Prentice's sermon, entitled "When the People and the Rulers willingly 
offer Themselves, the Lord is to be praised." There are three copies in the Library of the 
Historical Society. — Eds. 

1745.] LETTERS. 371 

dispose the remainder where you think they will be most 
acceptable, you will oblige 

Your Honour's most obedient humble servant, 

John Alford. 

Charlestown, 13 th Sept r , 1745. 

To Lieu* General Pepperrell, afc Cape Breton. 


For the Horft le Lt. General Pepperrell at Lewisburgh. 

Boston, Sept r 21, 1745. 

Honoured Sir, — My heart a little reproves me that 
I have so long delayed to acquaint you with y e happiness 
I enjoy in my relation to your hon d sister. She seems 
also to find a perfect satisfaction in my house, w ch I hope 
wil continue y e few dayes we may expect to be together 
on earth. It is a smal kind of return into a world we are 
leaving to marry in age, but I trust we may mutually 
help one another on in our preparations for eternity. We 
ask your prayers for us that it may be so. I have done 
myself y e honour to salute Madam Pepperrell on this gra- 
cious event in y e providence of God to me. We hear of 
y e courage of her love in her purpose by y e will of God 
to venture thro' y e seas, & winter with you at Louisburgh. 
May y e God of y e winds & seas support her & give a safe 
prosp'rous passage & happy return with you to us, as 
soon as y e publick good will allow of it. 

Sir, you are no longer hers nor ours, but your country's 
& a common father to us all. May the everlasting arms 
uphold you under all y e weight & fatigue of command 
& government you are called to sustain. So we pray 
for his Excellency, our Cap* General, & for his L* General, 
whom God has also made excellent & dear to us. 

Your sister tells me how y e excellent Commodore 
Warren & your Honour used three or four years ago to 
talk of his & your going together for y e conquest of 


LoUisburgh. And now how strangely has y e providence 
of God in earnest called & prospered you both, in y e thing 
whereof you were then wont to speak in jest. What a 
waking dream or impression was here like Joseph's of a 
certain & determin'd event in y e providence of God for 
y e good of his Israel. Nemovere magnus sine afflatu divino. 
Never was so strong a fortress in our times carried with 
so high a hand by such a handful of brave men, untaught 
in war. But indeed y e stars fought for us by y e command 
of God, thro' y e whole expedition, from y e begining to 
y e end of it. 

M r Sergeant, y G worthy pastor at Stockbridge, visited 
me yesterday, & inform'd me " that some of y e Mohawk 
Indians that were at Canada when y e news of y e surrender 
of Louisburgh came thither are return'd & tell y e surprise 
it gave y e French Governour & soldiers at y e fort where 
y e Indians waited on him ; but y e captain told y e Indians 
that y e rogue of a Govern 1 at Louisburgh had basely sold 
y e fortress to y° English for money ; & that we had not 
taken but bought it." God grant that His fear may fall 
upon y e Indians round our borders & intimidate 'em ! & 
may His presence be more & more with you & us, & give 
us rest & safety. 

It looks graciously again upon us that you have notice 
bro't you of y e near approach of y e French squadron of 
men-of-war. May y e Lord deliver them also into y e hand 
of our fleet ! Praise waits on our God for this also, & to 
Him shal the vow be performed. 

Three dayes agoe we kept another day of prayer thro' 
the Province for our borders & for you. Ungrateful to 
Heaven k you should we be if we did not remember you 
in our constant & most solemn addresses before y e throne 
on high, and when we have done that from day to day I 
then bow with my dear spouse with reverence & affection 
into your arms, & subscribe at her desire, Hon d Sir, 

Your most affectionate & obed 1 hum. servants. 

Benjamin & Mary Colman. 

1745.] LETTERS. 373 

Dolly is with her mother & asks leave to send her 

Postser. Sir, yesterday a poor, pious widow, M rs 
Wheeler, visited me, & begged I would not deny her y c 
favour of a line that if your Hon r give leave to any more 
to return hither her son, Benjamin Wheeler, might be 

M r Jones of this town is arrived this morning, & brings 
us y e sorrowful news of y e death of D r Bulman. His dear 
& lovely spouse spent a day with us this week, & is 
returned home. Our hearts bleed for her when y e evil 
tydings reach her. But her heart is fortified by Grace 
for them, & 0, how good is it to have a principle from on 
high ag* such an hour. After ye were illuminated (sayes 
y e Apostle) ye endured a great fight of affliction. My 
spouse is very sensible of your own great affliction by 
his bedside & at his funeral. It aloud calls us to renew 
our humble earnest prayers for your life. 


My Lord Duke, — I have the honour of your Grace's 
letter of the 10 th of Aug* by the Shirley Galley, which 
came to hand the 23 rd of Sept r . I beg leave to assure your 
Grace that it gives me the highest pleasure to find 
thereby that the news of the reduction of Louisbourg and 
the territory thereunto belonging was received with so 
much satisfaction by his Majesty and their Excellencies 
the Lords Justices, and that they have done me the 
honour to signifie their approbation of my best en- 
deavours for the service of my Royal Master's interest 
and the good of my country in this enterprize ; and I 
would beg leave especially with the utmost gratitude to 
acknowledge and render my most humble thanks to his 


Majesty for bis royal favour in that great and unexpected 
dignity he has been graciously pleas'd to confer on my 
family by creating me a Baronet of Great Brittain (for 
your Grace's congratulation whereon I beg leave sincerely 
to thank you). I hope I shall always be ready to express 
a just sence of his Majesty's royal goodness to me therein 
by improving all opportunities in my power to cultivate 
and confirm in the hearts of his Majesty's New English 
subjects those principles of loyalty and attachment lo his 
royal family which are already so universally embraced 
by them, and by exerting myself on all occasions for y e 
honour of his Majesty's arms. It is also peculiarly grate- 
full to me to find that his Majesty has been graciously 
pleas'd to express his royall approbation of the officers 
and soldiers who engaged with me in the expedition 
against this place. And I esteem it very happy that such 
speedy measures are concerting for the effectual support 
and encouragement of this acquisition as appears by the 
troops and stores orclerd here mention'd in y r Grace's 
letter, and by the other particulars which M r Warren and 
myself took the liberty to recommend being under con- 
sideration and intended to be determin'd upon without 
loss of time ; and it was with pleasure that I received your 
Grace's information that the government of this place is 
given to a gen* so qualified and disposed to promote the 
wellfare and prosperity of it as M r Warren, and that the 
good agreement w ch hitherto has, and I'm persuaded 
always will subsist between us, is so acceptable to his 
Majesty and their Excellencies; and as nothing induced 
me to engage at first in this enterprize but the honour 
of his Majesty's arms and the good of my country, I 
determin'd positively not to let any punctilios of cere- 
mony with the chief commanding sea officer in regard of 
precedency or superiority in command prejudice his Maj. 
service, as has been the case in several expeditions, and 
I shall w th satisfaction leave this place under his protec- 

1745.] LETTERS. 375 

tion as soon as his commission and the troops necessary 
for the security of it shall arrive here. Your Grace will 
be inform'd by him of the capture of a rich South Sea 
ship ; two East India ships, and several other valuable 
prizes that were taken in sight of the troops some weeks 
after we had possession of this fortress, and which they 
think it will be a hardship for them not to share in, whilst 
it will be so great a reward to the sea officers & saylors. 

Your Grace's directions in respect of the drafts and 
accounts for the repairs and other necessary charges here 
will be carefully regarded, also that no opportunity be 
omitted of cultivating a good agreement w th the Indians 
now in the interest of the French ; and I beg leave to 
assure your Grace that I shall continue my best en- 
deavours whilst here in conjunction w th M r Warren and 
also w th Gov r Shirley to promote the good settlem* and 
security of this conquest w r hich we have been so happy 
as to be instrumental in gaining to his Majesty at this 
critical juncture, and I beg leave to observe to your 
Grace that it is with the greatest justice to Gov r Shirley 
that their Excellencies are pleas'd to express their assur- 
ance of his hearty concurrence and assistance herein. His 
great zeal, intire good conduct, and inexpressible applica- 
tion in forming and carrying into execution the expedi- 
tion against this place must be in some measure known 
to his Majesty, and needs not my mention of it, w ch other- 
wise I could not omit. I had opportunity immediately 
to deliver to him here the packetts inclosed for him in 
your Grace's to me, he having been at Louisbourg for 
some time past in order to contribute his and the Mass a 
Province's best assistance in regard to the measures neces- 
sary to be taken for the support of this place, and as 
he will by this opportunity transmit to your Grace a par- 
ticular account of affairs here, I need not trouble you 
with a repetition of them, but only beg leave further to 
observe to your Grace that w T hen Gov r Shirley first pro- 


posed it to me to take the command of the troops raised 
for this expedition I deelin'd it upon the acc fc of the cir- 
cumstances of my family and business, which were such 
as I thought would not admit of my leaving them, and 
that it was by his importunity that I was prevail'd upon 
to take the command of them, he urging as a reason 
therefor that the expedition would not go on without 
himself or 1 should go at the head of it, and that if he was 
to go (besides his doubt whether he could possibly justifie 
his leaving his government without special leave from his 
Majesty) this expedition might not be properly supported 
from N. En g in his absence, and since the reduction of 
the place he has desired me to remain here untill it is 
effectually secured by his Majesty, but I hope I shall 
have liberty to visit my family very soon. I am w th all 
possible esteem and regard, may it please your Grace, 
Y r Grace's most obedient and most humble servant. 

W M Pepperrell. 

Louisbourg, Oct r 3 rd , 1745. 

His Grace the Duke of Newcastle. 


Louisbourg, Oct r 3 rd , 1745. 

Sir, — I am now to acknowledge the receipt of your 
favour of the 8 th of August by the Shirley Galley, and 
am extremely obliged to their Lordships of the Admiralty 
for the congratulations and complements they have been 
pleas'd to direct you to make to me, and beg leave to 
return them my sincere thanks therefor. 

It gives me great pleasure to find that their Lordships 
express so much satisfaction at the harmony w ch has sub- 
sisted between Admiral Warren and myself, w ch I make no 
doubt will always continue, as I trust nothing shall be 

* Thomas Corbett was Secretary of the Admiralty, and died in 1751. See Dictionary 
of National Biography, vol. xii. p. 207. — Eds. 

1745. J LETTERS. 377 

wanting on my part to promote the same, which the good 
of his Majesty's service, and the greatest esteem and 
value for M r Warren's merits, can excite, and I am confi- 
dent nothing proper will be wanting on his part ; and as 
nothing induced me to engage at first in this enterprize, 
but the honour of his Majesty's arms and the good of my 
country, I determin'd positively not to let any punctilios 
of ceremony with the chief commanding sea officer in 
regard of precedency or superiority of command prejudice 
his Majesty's service, as has been the case in several expe- 
ditions, and it gives me pleasure that the governm* of 
this place is conferrd by his Majesty on a gen* so hap- 
pily qualified and disposed to promote the prosperity of 
it. It is with the highest satisfaction that we find the 
news of the reduction of Cape Breton and our services 
therein were so acceptable to his Majesty, and that such 
speedy measures are concerting for y e support of it, and 
we flatter ourselves that the importance of this conquest 
to the nation in general as well as to his Majesty's Amer- 
ican colonies will be made most evident by such happy 
consequences as will induce his Majesty and the nation 
readily to support and encourage it as much as possible. 
And I think the capture of so many of the enemy's rich 
ships as are already brought into this place is a consid- 
erable proof thereof. I am, with perfect esteem, Sir, 
Your very humble servant. 

W. Pepperrell. 

M r Secretary Corbett 


Sir, — As my friend M r Kilby has desired me to use 
my interest with you y* he may be agent of your regi- 
ment, designed to be established out of the American 
troops now under your command, I would beg the favour 
of you y t you would give me the promise of it for him. 
This is what I have much at heart to obtain of you, and if 


I have any interest with you, shall not be without hopes 
of succeeding in my request. You know the gentleman 
whom I recommend very well, and he is your friend. 
If it was necessary for me to give him a character to you, 
I should say y fc he has deserved extremely well of the 
Province, and is a person of great integrity and honour 
and a good friend. Your answer to me in a line will 
much oblige, Sir, 

Your most humble serv fc . 

W. Shirley. 

Louisbourg, October 7 th , 1745. 
Sir William Pepperell, Baronett. 


Sir, — Your Excellency's favour of this date I received, 
and should have prevent yo r giving y r selfe the trouble 
of writing, if my indisposition of body had not prevent 4 
my waiting on you & shewing y° a letter I wrote to our 
friend M r Kelby, wherein I have promis d that if I should 
have a regiment I will use my endeavour that he be 
appoint d agent to it. And nothing will give me more 
pleasure than obliging yo r Excellency in serving any 
friend of yo rs . I am with all dutyfull regards, 

Yo r Excellency's most obed* humble serv*. 

W. P. 

Louisbourg, Octob r 7 th , 1745. 


Boston, October y e 11 th , 1745. 

Sir, — His Excellency Governour Shirley having fav- 
oured us with the copy of a letter from the Duke of 

* Spencer Phipa was born in Rowley, Mass., June G, 1085; graduated at Harvard Col- 
lege in 1703; and died April 4, 1757. He was for eleven years one of the Council, and 
Lieutenant Governor of Massachusetts from 1732 to his death. See Drake's Biographical 
Dictionary, p. 711; Whitmore's Mass. Civil List. — Eds. 

1745.] LETTERS. 379 

Newcastle to yourself & Admiral Warren, which signifies 
his Majesty's great satisfaction with the success of his 
arms against Louisbourg, and that his Majesty has been 
pleased to confer on you the dignity of a Barronet of 
Great Britain, I do therefore embrace this oppertunity 
heartily to congratulate you upon that occasion ; and as 
I make no doubt of your particular zeal, so I hope we 
shall all of us unanimusly exert ourselves with the ut- 
most vigour for the protection & maintenance of such a 
valuable conquest. It rejoices me much that you have a 
prospect of men and stores being sent you from home. 
I hope they will speedily arrive for the comfort & sup- 
port of the garrison. It likewise gives me a great deal 
of pleasure to hear of his Majesty's good intention of 
rewarding those brave officers and soldiers who have 
been instrumental of the late glorious acquisition. 
Would to God that all his Majesty's arms might be 
crowned with the like success that so the war might be 
happily ended ; and so long as it continues may we be 
enabled to shew ourselves men, and vigorously pursue 
what may be for the honour of God and religion, and for 
the service of our King & country. I am, Sir, 

Your sincere friend and most humble servant. 

S. Phips. 

P. S. We are now a celebrating the King's corona- 
tion and drinking health to all our friends at Cape 

Sir William Pepperrell, Baronet. 


Dear Sir, — Tho it may be somewhat unseasonable to 
congratulate you upon the reduction of Cape Breton, yet 
it is not so upon the ace* of his Majesty's gracious accept- 
ance of your services & the services of the troops under 


your command in this expedition, & the particular 
honours he is pleased to confer on you as a testimony 
thereof, & the great care the governm* are taking for 
the defence & preservation of that valuable acquisition. 
On all which accounts I do sincerely rejoice with you ; 
and hope the affairs of that garrison will be so season- 
able settled as to give you the liberty of returning home 
before winter. And while you are there I hope you will 
do every thing to encourage vertue & piety & for the sup- 
pressing all vice & wickedness. I am heartily sorry that 
so many of your chaplains have left you, especially such 
of them as are most useful in their own profession. The 
Committee of War are endeavouring to supply the gar- 
rison with others. And I beg you would use your 
endeavours with Admiral Warren that they may have all 
needful countenance & encouragem* from him. You 
know enough of the hurry of my business to excuse me 
for my past omissions. I shall always rejoice in your 
prosperity, & especially in the health & prosperity of 
your soul. I am with great respect, Sir, 

Your unfeigned friend & very humble servant. 


Boston, Octob r 11, 1745. 
Sir W M Pepperil. 


Camb., Octo. 20, 1745. 

Sir, — As there have been many expressions of friend- 
ship between you and me for a course of years past, its 
more than probable you may think with yourself how 
comes it to pass that (among all the letters you have 
receiv'd from home) that of mine comes last. But, my 

* Francis Foxcroft was born in Cambridge Jan. 20, 1604-5 ; graduated at Harvard Col- 
lege in 1712 ; and died March 28, 1708. He spent most of bis life in the public service, fill- 
ing an unusual number of important posts: and was for twenty-six years, 1732-1757, one of 
the Council of Massachusetts. See Paige's History of Cambridge, p. 540. — Eds. 

1745.] LETTERS. 381 

dear friend, I must tell you I have long since had an 
epistle for you which I convey'd another way, even by 
that hand by which all greatness, power, victory, riches, 
and honours find their passage to us, and every thing that 
has a tendency to make mankind happy. And I now 
come to you in this way, only to congratulate you, and 
all our friends w T ith you, upon the mighty things that 
have been lately done for us, and to unite with you in 
ascribing to God the glory of all that success which he 
has favour'd us with. 

Now therefore let us raise our hearts in thankfulness 
to God, and give the glory of all to his Divine Majesty ; 
and let us implore His Grace to enable us to walk before 
him with a perfect heart, and to maintain a constant 
course of obedience to his holy commandments, that so, 
by doing things acceptable in his sight, he may be 
pleas'd for the sake of our Blessed Master to confer on 
us all those favours which may render us a happy 

My good friend, my heart has been and is still much 
affected with this astonishing instance of God's kindness 
to the poor sinful people of New England. May a grate- 
ful sense of it abide on our minds. The subject is very 
pleasant and I could dwell upon it, but I fear tiring your 
patience, and therefore break off, with recommending 
you all to the protection of a good God and his blessing, 
which if we have what signify all the designs of men 
against us ? and remain 

Your sincere friend and most humble servant. 

Fra. Foxcroft. 

P. S. If his ExceTlcy our good Governour be not on 
his voyage hither (which T desire, whenever he under- 
takes it, may be safe and prosperous) pray give my duty 
to him and to our brave, good, and useful friend Admiral 
Warren, as also to all our N. E. friends, whom God hath 


much honored in making so eminently instrumental for 
promoting the interest of our most gracious King (to 
whom I pray God our hearts may be more and more 
firmly attaclfd) and his Majesty's most dutiful and loyal 
subjects of America in particular and the English nation 
in general. May God always send you such supplies as 
may be necessary for your support and comfort. 

Yours as above. 

Sir William Pepperil 


Hon ble Sr, — I shoud have done myself the honour of 
congratulating your success in the reduction of the im- 
portant garrison of Louisbourgh & its dependancies. As 
no one was more sensibly affected with this happy event 
than myself, & especially as it pleased God to honour you 
with being the instrument of accomplishing this great 
achievement, but being in the country soon after the 
joyfull news arrived & fearing I had lapsed the time for 
paying my complem* 8 to you on this glorious occasion, 
I must therefore now ask your pardon for that omission, 
& beg leave heartily to congratulate you not only upon 
the reduction of Cape Breton, but upon his Majesty's 
approbation of the extraordinary services you have had 
the honour to render him & your country, which includes 
everything an Englishman can desire. Sir, the ancient 
friendship commenc'd between your hon ble father & my 
hon ble grandfather, & always continued in an agreeable 
harmony to the last period of life, which was afterwards 
cultivated between your Honour & my hon d father, 
together with your kind letter of 15 th Janif last to me, 
wherein you are pleased in a most obliging manner to 

* Eldest son of Governor Belcher. lie was born Nov. 17, 1 700, graduated at Harvard 
College in 1724, married, April 4, 1754, his father's step-daughter, Elizabeth Teale, aud 
died at Milton, Mass., Jan. 24, 1771. —Eds. 

1745.] LETTERS. 383 

say you shoud at any time be ready to serve me or any 
friend of mine ; these considerations, Sr. ? have em- 
bolden'd me humbly to ask the favour of you that you 
woud please to be so kind for the sake of the family 
friendship as to cast a compassionate eye upon my broth r 
Byfield Lyde, Esq r , who by being removed from his 
office is obliged with his numerous family to retire into 
the country. This gentleman's melancholy situation in 
life (if he was not a descendant of the late worthy Co 11 
Byfield) woud excite compassion in every humane 
breast, but especially do the circumstances which attend 
him heighten his misfortunes. I must therefore most 
earnestly intreat you woud, agreeable to your native 
goodness & generosity, be so kind as to make some pro- 
vision for him at Cape Breton agreeable to the character 
he has sustained in life, tho it be only the command of a 
company in your regiment. I hope for the reasons I 
have mentioned, that my unfortunate bro r will find 
favour with your Honour, and I beg your answer, because 
if M* Lyde is so happy as to have your smiles, he will 
pay his duty to you this fall, & with your leave will 
apply home to my father & some other friends to procure 
with your interest a further advancem*, a cap*' 8 comiss 11 
being but a bare support, and I would submit it to your 
Honour, whether as Admiral Warren is a good friend to 
my hon d father, some civil post can't be obtained for M r 
Lyde. Your favour in this affair will be very gratefully 
acknowledged by my father & all his friends, and espe- 
cially by, Hon ble Sr, 

Your Honour's most obliged & most humble servant. 

Andrew Belcher. 

Boston, Oct 26 th , 1745. 

The Hon bie Sr. William Peppekrell, Baronet. 



IIon ble Sir, — As M r Belcher has wrote your Honour 
in my behalf, entreating you on account of the ancient 
friendship between the familys that you would please to 
cast a compassionate eye towards the only branch of the 
Belcher family who has any children, you will permit me, 
altho I cant boast of the honour of an intimate acquaint- 
ance with you, to back his request with the most earnest 
intreaties, as I have the passions of an husband and parent 
strongly working in my breast, which passions when any 
one is so happy as your Honour to be the favourite of 
God and man give the most agreable sensations, but 
when depressed, as is my unhappy lot, give the most 
severe pain. Therefore, Sir, for the sake of the only 
daughter of your hon ble friend, Gov r Belcher, who with 
his family have had hard measure meeted to them, and her 
numerous tender offspring, allow me with the greatest 
emotions of heart to beseech you'll grant his request. 
May you long live the favourite of Heaven, the King, 
and your country, as also in imitation of your great Lord 
and Master, the refuge of the distressed and oppressed. 
I am with the greatest respect and duty, Hon ble Sir, 

Your Honour's most obedient and most humble servant. 

Byfield Lyde. 

Boston, October 26 th , 1745. 

The IIon bU ' S r William Pepperell. Baronet. 

* Byfield Lyde was a grandson of Judge Nathaniel Byfield. and married the only daugh- 
ter of Governor Belcher. He graduated at Harvard College in 1723, espoused the side of 
the mother country at the time of the Revolution, and went with the British army to Hali- 
fax, N. S., where he died in 1776. See Sabine's American Loyalists, vol. li. p. 35; 6 Mass. 
Hist. Coll., vols, vi., vii., passim. — Eds. 

1745.] LETTERS. 385 


To Sir William Pepperrett, Baronet, Lieutenant General of the 
Forces at Gape Breton. These f D' Rand. 

Dear Sir, — I heartily congratulate you upon the 
honor done you by his Majesty in making you a Baronet 
of Great Brittain, and I am the more pleased w th it as it 
comes in reward for your services for your country in 
such an important article as that of the capture of Cape 
Breton. We hear you are to be made Brigadier General 
and to have a regiment, w th liberty of absence. I rejoice 
w th you in this prospect of profit in addition to the honor 
done you. I hope you will make it your endeavour 
to do all the service you can and are furnish t w th 
ability and advantage to do by your superiour station 
in life. God will expect more of you in proportion 
to what he gives you, and I hope you will wisely and 
faithfully improve every talent he puts into your hands. 

M r Loyd, Governour Belcher's son-in-law, has desired 
me to write to you in favour of him. He tells me he has 
wrote to you himself. What it is in particular he desires 
I dont know ; but I suppose any office that will bring in 
the cash will be agreable to him. If it sh d lay in your 
power to serve him I know your regards to Governour 
Belcher will incline you to do so. And I believe his 
circumstances are such as to lay him under obligations 
of gratitude to you if you could put him into any place of 
profit. I told him if you had any places to dispose of 
those who venturd y r lives in the expedition and were 
upon the spot were most likely to be preferred. But he 
insisted upon my writing to you, w ch I have accordingly 
done, and sh d be glad if he might, consistent w tb justice 
to other persons, be gratified in his desires. We hope to 
see you w n the Governour comes. You have my hearty 



wishes for your protection while absent, and safe return 
w n Providence shall make a way for it 

Your loving brother & humble servant. 

Charles Chauncy. 

Boston, Oct r 29, 1745. 

To Sir William Pepperrell, Baronet. 


To Sir William Pepperrell att Cape Breton. V Byfeild Lyde, Esq r . 

Hon Sir, — The bearer of this is my friend and rela- 
tion, Byfeild Lyde, Esq r , who has been advised to proceed 
as farr as Luisbourg by many of his friends, in hopes 
that something might offerr there for his advantage ; and 
having determined on the voyage, he has desired a line 
from my Mother Pepperrell and myself of recomendation 
to you. I need not acquaint you how nearly he is allyed 
to our late Governour, and to the Hon ble & good Judge 
Byfeild, whose memory I am sure will always be greatly 
valued by you ; nor could you do anything I presume 
that would be more acceptable to them were the gentle- 
men both living and with you, as was the case once, then 
to serve their & my relation whom I would recomend to 
your favour and patronage, and may I be allowed to say 
that the having of it in one's power to assist a family that 
stands in need of it, and a disposition to the same (which 
I am confident you'l find in you) who have descended 
from hon ble ancestors, & are at present not in the sunshine 
of an outward prosperity, has a tendency, and a very 
great one too, of recomending such a benefactor to the 
favour of Heaven, and of deriving: on him & his family 
from thence the best & most lasting blessings. I be^ 
pardon if my zeal for my friend's welfare has carried me 
too great a length. My Mother Pepperrell has wrote you 
by Cap* Branscomb on this occasion, & that I may not be 
tedious give me leave only to add further that any service 

1745.] LETTERS. 387 

you may do M r Lyde I shall look upon as a singular fav- 
our, & that I am with all possible respect, Hon d Sir, 
Y r most ob* son & devoted hum. serv*. 

N. Sparhawk. 

Kittery, October y e 30 th , 1745. 
Sir William Pepperrell. 


[November, 1745. J 

Hon d Sir, — I am highly oblidged to you for your 
much esteemed favours of the 26 th Sep* V Cap* Ward & 
two of the 10 th ultimo T Cap* Moore. In the former 1 
received y e copy of the Duke of Newcastle's letter to 
you, and M r Corbett's from the Admiralty, and in one 
of the latter I received an acco* of some of the goods 
taken out of the prises wherein you were concerned. I" 
shall now beg leave to make a reply to them, having had 
no opp° 'till this. 

I most heartily congratulate you upon the notice you 
have had taken of you and the honours done you by his 
Majesty, as a proof of his great approbation of the emi- 
nent honour you have done his arms in the expedition to 
Luisbourg and the notable service you have done the 
nation and your country. I sincerely wish that you may 
live long & happily reflect on your atchievements, and 
that you may be more the favourite of Heaven then you 
can desire to be of our King, with whom & his Ministry 
your character is now so well established that I am pretty 
confident, were it not in your power from your present 
circumstances to make your family in all its branches for 
this world, your recomendations of them at home would 
be sufficient, and had you apply ed for the government of 
Luisbourg in season, & for liberty of living at Kittery, I 
am much inclined to think you would have obtained it, 
inasmuch as it was late before you wrote and its dis- 
posed of another way. I am sorry you wrote at all for 


it ; but this can't now be helped, and perhaps it may 
make way when there is a civil government established 
for your being appointed. I should been glad you had 
acquainted me with the contents of your letters to M r 
Kilby, as I should then have better known what to write 
him then I do now. I shall, however, earnestly re- 
coinend to him and my other friends in England that you 
may have the victualling of the regiment you are to 
command & to have leave to retire. This, I think, Sir, is 
what you desired of me, and should it not be granted, I 
hope you'l not accept it, I mean to live from home, nor 
any other post, upon terms w ch would make your whole 
family unhappy. But as I hinted just now, I really think 
that you may depend upon any favour being done you 
or yours, that you could reasonably ask for yourself or 
•family, if its done in proper season, and in a suitable 
way, especially at a time when the nation will be 
oblidged to go greater lengths in a French warr then 
they have yet done, & perhaps on this continent ; not 
that I think any favours being done you would lay you 
under strict obligations to engage in another expedition. 
But I imagine they would be conferred to excite in 
America the same spirit universally that you have 
given demonstration actuated you. I heartily pray that 
it may please God safely & speedily to return you to 
your native country, and I hope the arrival of the troops 
from abroad will soon bring about this happy event, 
when I suppose it will be very consistent with your 
honour to quit your station. I have no reason to think 
that M r Kilby will be wanting to serve you, and I be- 
leive he is a gen fc of integrity & good capacity. I wrote 
you long since that I had a great deal of discourse with 
M 1 Bollum about his voyage, and particularly enquired of 
him if it was consistent with any engagements he was 
under to serve you, & he answered me readily that it 
was, and that he would whenever you or I on yo r behalf 

1745.] LETTERS. 389 

desired it do you any service in his power, upon which I 
told him I should write to you & doubted not that you 
would incline to make some use of him and duly consider 
him on account of the services he might do you, as also 
for those he had already done in securing your |th of 
the prises, &c. Now please to permit me to say that 
though you have applyed to M r Kilby & some other 
friends, yet as M r Bollom is immediately concerned, & is 
sent home on purpose by the General Court to represent 
the expedition to his Majesty in the most favourable 
light he possibly can, & has the Governour's recomenda- 
tion to the Duke of Newcastle, as well as many other 
letters to some of the most considerable men in y e nation, 
how natural & easy will it be for him to say that there 
was not a person in the country that could have carried 
out with them, especially so soon, the number of gen n & 
soldiers that you did, &c, and all very consistent with 
his regard for the Governour. I say, Sir, that he will 
have such an opp° of strengthning your interest at Court, 
that I should esteem it a very prudent step to write him, 
and give him 50c£ sterling or 100<£ for private services. 
I should have done it 'ere this, but upon mentioning it 
in the family, my bro r Andrew thought it best not, & I 
was not willing to be too officious ; so I shall attend 
your further comands. Cap* Moore is gone to Boston 
with his coal, & hope he'll meet a good markett. I am 
very much oblidged for the two hh ds Clarett you sent me 
by him. They are good & cheap. I shall have no part 
of the goods which came in the chest, so if your leisure 
will allow of it, & its not too much trouble, please to lay 
out the remainder of my money as you may judge best, 
or return it, in case you have not occasion of it. I am 
every day expecting to go to the Gen 1 Court, where I 
understand Coll Hale determines to be very troublesome, 
and when I am at Boston I shall endeavour to get the 
schooner's hire & George's w T ages, also your part of the 


prises sold at Boston, and the goods taken out of them at 
Canso, &c. In the mean time I have ordered you from 
Boston 10 hli' 13 rum. Its now dear; should it fall I'le 
send you 10 more, & consign them to Coll Brad street, 
in your absence, as you direct. I am very glad you 
didn't make a power to Mess rs Wendells. I look upon it 
as very officious in the gen n to desire it when you have 
two sons who with vanity may think themselves as 
equal to the trust. As to the little reflections cast on 
you for your dress, &c, I thought them of as little con- 
sequence as you do, especially as I beleived them to be 
unjust, and didn't mention them to make you uneasy, 
but out of duty and faithfullness to you, I might say, and 
partly for the love I have for myself, for I am sure I 
bear a part of all the troubles y fc I know you meet with, 
as well as share in your pleasures, which have not been 
very frequent, I beleive, since you left home, only as the 
service of your country lying quite near your heart has 
even invited fategue & almost changed the nature of it 
with you. May the best of blessings reward your valour 
and inviolable attachment to your country. 

Bettsy sends her duty to you, but laments exceedingly 
that she has not had one letter from you in all your 
absence. Your grandson has had a very ill turn, but is 
almost well again. 

I wrote Brigadier Waldo by Cap fc Frost, but have not 
any answer from him, which I wonder at. My compli- 
ments attend hiin & all the gen n of my acquaintance in 
the garrison. My Mother Pepperrell & Bro r write you 
by this opp°, and I shall do myself the honour of writing 
you again very soon from Boston. I would now only 
add (& I beg pardon for being so tedious) that I sincerely 
long for your happy arrival here, & am with all possible 
regard, IIon d Sir, 

Y r most ob* son & most devoted hum 1 serv*. 

N. Sparitawk. 

1745.] LETTERS. 391 

P. S. I was exceedingly glad Brigadier Dwight came 
in here, as I by that means had an opp° of shewing him 
all the civilitys at my house that I could, & have made 
an acquaintance with a very agreeable gentleman. 

JYov r 5 th . Yesterday arrived Coll° Mesharvey,* who 
brought letters for my mother & bro r , but none for me. 
Its an unspeakable pleasure to me to have a letter from 
you, & I shall be greatly oblidged for y e fav r of one as 
often as you can write w th any conveniency. I heartily re- 
joyce that you were well when Coll Mesharvey came from 
Luisbourg, & I hope you yet enjoy your health, & will 
for a long series ; & according to your expectation that 
the troops are by this time arrived and you ready for 
embarkation for yo r native land, where I once more 
wish for your happy & joyfull arrivall. I am in great 
haste, Hon d Sir, 

Your ob fc son & devoted servant. 

N. Sparhawk. 

P. S. I shall be heartily glad to see you in your seat 
at the General Court this winter for many reasons, w ch I 
cant now mention, th° I think them of considerable im- 
portance to you. 

Yo rs ut supra. 

N. S. 

Sir William Pepperrell. 

* Nathaniel Meserve\ Lt.-Colonel of the New Hampshire Regiment. Three emigrants 
of the name, alike descendants " of an aboriginal family of Jersey," came to New England. 
Nathaniel was the son of Clement M. of Newington, and grandson of the first emigrant. 
He was a cnrpenter, and as such rendered important services before Louisbourg. He 
devised the sledges upon which the siege train was hauled over a morass by men knee- 
deep in mud. He commanded a regiment at Crown Point in 1757, and in 1758 was sent, 
with the rank of Colonel, in charge of two hundred ship-carpenters to the second siege of 
Louisbourg. There Col. Meserve" and two sons died of smallpox. The name is variously 
spelled ; but the correct spelling is Messervy, the name of the ancient Jersey family from 
whom the American branches descend. See Payne's Armorial of Jersey. — Eds. 



Louisbourg, Xov r 9 th , 1745. 

M R Silas Hooper, Sir, — I have wrote you several 
letters since 1 have been on this island & this place has 
been reduced to his Majesty, but have not been favour* 
with any from y°. I am apt to think my friends will be 
surpris d to think how I came to leave my pleasant seat & 
agreable family where I liv d as well as any man in New 
England, & my estate when I left it would allow me so to 
do, and when it was first mention* to me I was very loth 
to come, M rs Pepperrell being in an ill state of health 
& my business unsettel*, but when y e Gov r , Council & 
Speaker of y e Lower House told me there would be no 
expedition without I would head y e forces, and when I 
consider' 1 that y e French from this place had destroy* 
Canso & attackt Annapolis Royal, w ch if they had taken y e 
neutril French there would have joyn* them, & then I had 
reason to think that in time they would have destroy* 
y e eastern part of New England, & Newfoundland would 
have stood but a poor chance, so that y e greatest part 
of y e codd fishery in a short time would have been in y e 
French hands, and great part of our trade to New England, 
Verginia, &c, intercept* by y m ? upon these considerations 
I undertook this difficult hazardous enterprise, & thro 
divine assistance have succed*. It was then exceeding 
cold here, and inclosed you have a true journal of our 
proceedings, wherein you will plainly see that those forty- 
iications were subdued by y e New England land army; 
none of y e King's ships ever came within random shot of 
any of the fortifications during y e whole siege until] it was 
surrender* & then came into y e harbour. There is no 
doubt Admir 1 Warren did every thing he could to keep 

* This letter is printed from a rough draught, with numerous erasures and corrections in 
PepperrelTs own hand. Mr. Hooper was apparently a merchant in England. See 6 Mass. 
Hist. Coll., vol. vi. p. 379. — Ens. 

1745.] LETTERS. 393 

out any supplys from coming into this harbour by cruising 
off y e same. When this place was first subdu d to his 
Majesty I had tho ts of returning to my family & if I could 
have had a regiment establish d & liberty to return to New 
England & have taken some rest, for I have been exceed- 
ingly hares d ever since I have been from thence, I should 
have been easey, but y° troops not coming from Europe 
has prevent* me hitherto, but it never enter d into my 
tho ts that I should be continu d here under y e command of 
any person, and if any person has so far merit d his Majesty's 
favour on y e acco* of this expedition as to have a regiment 
& y e government, and liberty to retire when his Majesty 
service will allow of it, I have so much vanity as to think 
I have ; and I desire you as an old acquaintance and par- 
ticular friend to bestir yo r self on my acco*, and if any 
thing offers worth my accept ce lay in for me, & I will make 
you satisfaction for all trouble & charge, & I do think all 
my brother merch ts ought to assist me, for I think this is 
y e greatest conquest that has been made in y e English 
nation for some years by any troops that have had a 
merch* at y e head of them. My son Andrew Pepperrell 
is in my business at Piscataqua & will do you or any of y r 
friends all y e service in his power. As to the Province of 
y e Massachusets Bay who has ben at y e greatest part of the 
expence of this expedition will be so involv d by it that 
they will never get cleare of it without assist 06 from at 
home. What I expect from them will never bare neare 
my exp ce , neither are they able to do more. 


Boston, Novem. 9, 1745. 

Most hon d & dear Sir, — Yesterday I had y e honour 
& great favour of yours of Oct r 22, which gave your dear 
sister, who is alwayes thinking & speaking of you & pray- 


ing for you & her son, your steward, a pleasure next to 
seeing you. To hear of your continued health fills us 
w th thanksgivings to God, & we beseech Him for y e con- 
tinuance of it & y e prolongation of your life to his further 
glory from you & further services to your King & country. 
I easily believe, dear Sir, how much you long to see your 
family & friends, & we may allow to you to feel even more 
than what we do within ourselves. You have endeared 
yourself to us a thousand fold. I mean God has endeared 
you thus to us. Y e name of Pepperrel wil stand lov'd 
in y e annals of New England forever ; but it is a name 
written in Heaven that you seek & we wish you, out of 
y e house of our God. I shal most readily obey your com- 
mand to me to write to Madam, whose faith & patience 
with prayer & thanksgiving night & day wil hold out & 
increase, I trust, till y e joy comes of having you again in 
her arms. I had y e pleasure of seeing your son once at 
my house & of dropping to him y e most tender & useful 
words that occurrd to me, w ch he heard w th great respect. 
I pray God to make him to our children more than his 
father has been to us in his generation. I hear well of 
his conduct in your absence, & I beseech God to give him 
wisdom '& discretion & keep him humble under y e heredi- 
tary honours w ch Divine Providence may distinguish him 
withal in his day. I know, Sir, your prayers for him y l 
he may live before God with y e blessing of Abraham to 
his seed after him. 

Your chearful submission to y e will of God if he call you 
to stay where you are this winter quite refreshes my soul. 
Y e Lord who spirits you preserve you in your stay & in 
your return. But I am ready to pray for you that your 
return to us may not be in y e winter ! it is, methinks, 
winter with you already, altho y e finest weather with us 
that can be ; but one fortnight more & we shal be frozen 
like you. I beseech you, Sir, not to be willing to fight 
your way to us thro y e lloating mountains of ice. When 

1745.] LETTERS. 395 

y e spring & y e singing of birds conies on fly to us as fast 
as you will, i. e., as fast as God pleases to fill your sails. 
God has done great things for us by you & our brethren 
whereof we are glad ; & we give him all y e glory of y e 
brave spirit with w ch you have been enabled to act, & God 
forbid we should do otherwise. He sent Moses His ser- 
vant & Aaron w m He chose, & if He chuses to send us on 
any services to His name & people let us be humble & 
thankful & adoring. — Lord, why me ? Your care & sol- 
licitude, I see, is more for us & our naked coasts than for 
yourselves : it ought to increase ours for you, & I hope 
we have return'd it to you in our sollicitous prayers. I 
am not without y e apprehension of y e terror & damage a 
single ship or two of war might bring on our native 
coasts & to what revenges they are provoked. 

I have wrote home to D r Avery, y e chairman of y e 
Committee of y e Dissenters at London & thro England, in 
y e most pungent manner I could, that Annapolis might 
no longer remain an unprofitable & expensive garrison to 
y e Crown, but be put under a civil governm* ; & y e same 
I wish respecting Louisbourgh that families & towns & 
churches (by y e will of God) may multiply thro a string 
of provinces down to ours, & I hope this is y e veiw & 
pleasure of a- gracious Providence in what God has wro't 
for us this summer. 

It has been sickly too with us this autumn, but a fine 
season we now enjoy, with a most plentiful harvest. I 
hear that dear M rs Bui man is graciously supported under 
her heavy bereavment ; & what cannot grace carry y e 
tenderest soul thro ? a soul espoused to Christ can surren- 
der every thing to him & cast itself & its orphans on him. 
I am sensible of y e vast burden lying on you daily in y e 
applications to you of multitudes to return home, while 
you dare not yourself think of leaving y e garrison. May 
God fortify you to bear y e burden of your post, & work 
for their return home with you in his time. Next to your 


lion' 1 lady, my dear spouse longs to imbrace you. We 
begin daily now to expect a signal from dear Govern' 
Shirley of his & his lady's arrival. I have had two pleas- 
ures y e two last weeks, in one of w ch M r Bollan's infant 
by y e father's order visited me, & in y e other M rs Wilmot 
& y e Governour's daughter visited your sister. God has 
endeared us to every branch of his Excellency's house by 
all y e great things he has been spirited & helped to do for 
us. Mercy & truth be to him & his. 

M p Newman, chaplain to Coll. Waldo's regiment, calls 
in upon me this moment, & is glad of y e honour to deliver 
what I write to his General. I judge him to be a very 
worthy young gentleman, & pray God to bless him in 
ministring to y e regiment & garrison in his station. I 
think him as likely as any one here to be willing to remain 
a chaplain with a N. E. regiment, if called to do so, but 
then he must return to receive ordination. But it is likely 
his manner of life, gifts, powers, & inclinations may be 
more known to many with you than to me. He seems 
bright, active, & manly, w ch , adorned with ministerial gifts 
& a heart to serve Christ & souls, wil make a brave man 
& minister. Such I heartily wish him & your countenance, 
Sir, to encourage & animate him so to approve himself. 
Ten thousand blessings crown you in your advancing 
years. I salute Coll. Waldo & Coll. Moulton with y c same 
good wish. You are ever with us at our fireside, table, 
& closet. So be it to us in y rs . I am, hon d Sir, 

Your most affec. & obliged humble servant & unworthy 
brother. Benjamin Colman. 

My spouse prayes you to make her humblest salutations 
acceptable to Admiral Warren & lady, in w cb I strongly 
joyn with her. 

1745.] LETTERS. 397 


London, November the 11 th , 1745. 

Dear S r , — Your most oblidging letter of the 3 d ultimo 
T have reed, and heartily congratulate you on the success 
of his Majesty's arms under your command against Cape 
Breton, as well as on the civil and military honours that 
he has so justly and graciously been pleased to conferr on 
you, hoping that you may long live to enjoy both, espe- 
cially the regiment which I apprehend will in some 
measure contribute to repay the great expence that you 
have been at on the expedition, the success of which will 
greatly redound to the honour and advantage of the Crown 
and nation, provided we do but keep the place upon the 
conclusion of a peace with France, which by the addresses 
in our printed papers is most ardently desired by all but 
the merchants of this city, who are such perfect courtiers 
that they did not think proper to take any notice of it in 
their last address to his Majesty, until it was moved for 
by Captain Thomas King, and seconded by myself, and 
then all we could obtain about it was to have it inserted 
in the weak and languid manner that it now stands, which 
is shameful. But I assure you that we could not get even 
those w r ords put in until Captain King told them that if 
they did not do it, we would form another address and 
apply by ourselves with as many as would join us therein, 
upon w ch the leading men of the Committee agreed to it. 
However I believe I may venture to say that they after- 
wards went to the other end of the town to know whether 
it would be agreeable or not to have those words inserted 
before they got the address engrossed, from whence you 
may judg of what is to be expected from those who 
ought to have sayd the strongest things about keeping 
it. However, as the Mayor and Aldermen of this city, as 
well as many other parts of the nation, have in their 
addresses made strong representations on that subject I 


believe it will not easily be given up. But I will not be 

too sanguine in my hopes for fear of accidents, especially 
after what I have already seen in the conduct of the 
trading body of this great city, which grieves me much. 
But as there is no help for it I must submit. 

As soon as I reed, your letter I went to the Warr Office 
to enquire about your commission for the regiment that 
his Majesty has been pleased to give you, and found that 
it was taken out by M r Kelby, who I presume has for- 
warded the same to you by some of the ships that are 
now going with stores for the use of the garrison at 
Louisbourg, and therefore needless for me to say anything 
more to you about it. But if in any other respect I can 
be of service to you either here or elcewhere be so good 
as to let me have your commands, and they shall be 
received with pleasure and executed with zeal. 

I long ago wrote to M r Blizard of Antigua about set- 
tling yo r accounts, and remitting effects to pay the 
ballance that was due to you from my son Norbury, and 
therefore I hope it has been complyed with. But if not, 
be pleased to let me know it, and I will repeat my direc- 
tions, being sincerely desirous of having these old affairs 
finished as soon as possible. 

As to publick affairs here I can say little about them 
with certainty, and therefore I must begg that you will 
give me leave to referr you to the newspapers. But I 
am in hopes that France will be discouraged from assisting 
the Pretender's son and the rebels that are now in arms; 
for 1 am this day told from pretty good authority that the 
Kino; of Prussia has siiniifved to the French court that if 
they do he must be oblidged to declare warr against them, 
not only on acco* of his affinity to the present family, and 
the Pretender's religion, but out of gratitude to this nation 
for settling the Crown on him if the present family should 
be extinct, w ch if true will certainly have some weight 
with the Gallic monarch. But whether it has or not, I am 

1745.] LETTERS. 399 

in hopes that we shall in a little time be able to over- 
come the rebels and all their adherents, which I pray God 
to grant, and am, dear S r , 

Your most oblidged and affect, humble servant. 

Tho Kerby. 

P. S. The health of yo r self & Admiral Warren are 
often drank here on ace* of the important service that 
you have done the nation in the conquest of Cape Breton, 
and as I have some little acquaintance with the Admiral, 
I begg you will make him my compliments, assuring him 
that I truely rejoyce at the hon r and profitt that has 
thereby accrewed to him. 


Sir, — I have received your Honour's letter of the 25 th 
of last month. As you have been pleased to recommend 
to M r Boutineau and myself to take care of M rs Lacarrett, 
we received the whole family into our houses till they 
could be better provided. Herself, two of her children, 
and her maid have lodged at my house for these six days 
past, and they seem well pleased with the manner my- 
self and children have used them. M rs Lacarret hath 
been indisposed, but is growing better, and is to move 
to-morrow into her new house. As to their souls, I will 
as opportunity serves to shew them the errors of their 
ways. After all it is to the work of Grace and time to 
persuade them to leave them. As to the other prisoners 
who lodge in goal tho' they have the liberty of the town, 
I, besides the publick instructions I give them in our 
meetinghouse, go every day to goal to preach or read 
and expound to them a chapter in course and also to pray 
with them. And blessed be God, some receive my in- 
structions well, and most seem to be thankful for the 


trouble I take, so that I hope it will not be altogether 
fruitless, and that the good seed of the word will spring 
forth one time or other, and multiply abundantly. It is 
the subject of my earnest prayers to the Lord of the har- 
vest. I pray Him also to pour down upon your Honour's 
person, family, and undertakings His most precious bless- 
ings, and I return unto Him my just and hearty thanks 
for your success in taking Louisbourg. That conquest is 
without doubt the answer of the fervent prayers of many 
thousands of souls. The Lord of Hosts is the first cause 
of that noble conquest. Happy and glorious is it for you, 
Sir, that you and the army under your command have 
been the second and instrumental cause to obtain such a 
conquest. I congratulate your Honour upon that ad- 
mirable succes and the distinguished titles the Kino; hath 
conferred upon you, and most humbly thank you for the 
many and great favours you have been pleased to bestow 
upon my son. At any time I shall have all due and just 
regards to your commands and recommendations, as 
being, Sir, 

Your Honour's most humble and obliged servant. 

Andrew Le Mercier. 

P. S. Sir, just now Mrs. Lacarret desires me to assure 
your Honour of her services. 

To the Honourable Sir William Louisbourg. 
Boston, the 14 th of 9 bcr , 1745. 


S r W' n Pepperrell, at Louisbourg. 

London, 9 ber the 26 th 174.1. 

S R W M Pepperrell, — Thy kind favour of the 4 Oct last 
1 have reed. & am well pleased mine was in any degree 
acceptable to thee, & to see thy offers of friendship so 
kindly expressed to me. This nation are in general now 

1745.] LETTERS. 401 

so senceable of y e importance & vast advantage that the 
acquisition of Cape Briton will be of to us, that y e people 
in diverse places of y e kingdom have in their late 
addresses to y e King made mention thereof with high 
esteem & congratulations. And now as thou hast a regi- 
ment given thee, and that there will be a necessity of 
thy employing an agent here, I shou'd be glad to serve 
thee in that capacity which I pswade mysef w d be 
transacted to thy satisfaction, I being well acquainted 
with y e proper offices here. And as a lett r of attorney 
must be on stamp paper I make bold to inclose one 
properly drawn to be executed by thee if thou shallt 
think fitt, w ch I submit, however, to thy freedom & con- 
sideration. I am senceable several are putting in for y e 
place, the nomination & choice being intirely with thee 
& no body elce. My Bro r Belcher, I find, by y e pswasion 
of some gentlemen, has recom ended another person to 
thee, w ch was done while I was gone on a journey into 
y e country, & before I had sayd anything to him of it, 
or elce I dare sa}' he would have recomend d me. I am 
sure he had most reason for it. But whether thou willt 
see meet to prefer one who is an utter stranger to thee, 
as well as (phaps) a stranger to merchandize too, or one 
who is thy countryman & formerly a neighbour, must be 
left to thy option ; and alltho other letters on this subject 
may have been forwarded to thee prior to mine, yet I am 
apt to think this may reach thy hands as soon as them. 

Respecting publick news, the war with France & Spain 
continues still & likely to do so. And now this Kingdom 
is embroiled by the breaking out of a rebellious war at 
home in favour of y e Pretender, whose eldest son land d a 
few mo s past in Scotl d w th a handfull of men, & has 
since got together a formidable army of seven or eight 
thousand Highlanders, who after taking Edinbrough & 
some other places in Scotland have ent d England, taken 
y e city of Carlisle, from thence marched to Kendal, com- 



ing on southw*, are now got into Lankash r , where it 
is very probable they will meet with a check, if not an 
engagem' by our army, consisting of abo fc 10,000 men 
under the Duke of Cumberland & Generall Legonier. 
We have another army of yet superiour force under 
Field Marshall Wade marched in quest of them from 
Newcastle, but the roads are bad and difficult to pass 
this rigid season of the year. It is a calamitous and 
very suffering time w th the poor country people in y e 
north where the Pretender's men are ravaging. The 
French have been some time making preparations for an 
embarkation to Scotland, to further & assist the Pre- 
tend rs cause, & some of their ships have sailed out once 
or twice, but driven back by contrary winds, yet one of 
their privateers has been lately taken by an English 
man-of-war & bro* into the Downs, having on board the 
Earl of Derwentwater & several gen 11 & other officers, 
&c, bound to Scotland, w ch must be a consid ble mortifica- 
tion to y e rebells & advant a to us. For the rest I refer to 
y e prints herewith sent, & remain with due respects. 
Thy assured friend, 

Rich d Partridge. 


I sh d think y e power of attorney had best be signed & 
sealed before two witnesses who may be coming over 

Its sayd one of y e Pretend 1 ' 3 sons is taken in y e above 
mention French ship. 

Note, a regiment has in it 10 companys, each comp a of 
4 Serjeants, 4 corporals, 2 drums, 100 private men. 
And for thy further governm* I thought it really neces- 
sary to send thee a copy of the Establishment, which also 
comes herewith, & on the back of it is put down y e esti- 
mate of y e offreckonings for y e cloathing of y e men, so 
thou willt see there is a fund for cloathing money suffi- 

1745.] LETTERS. 403 

cient. This is assigned by y e Col° to y e agent or cloathier 
for cloathing provided for y e regim*, which they give a 
defeasance for the remainder, to be accountable after 
paying for y e cloathing. R. P. 

As there are sev 1 captains gone over to thee from 
hence, if they sh d find it impracticable to get men en- 
listed w th you for y e service (as phaps they may) I am 
apt to think upon a strong representation from thee in 
that case, I might prevaile w th the Ministry here to 
authorize thee to nominate cap ts there for the service, for 
its thought they will grant any thing to save that im- 
portant place of Cape Briton. 


S R , — My last was 20 SeptenuV by Craigy to N. Eng- 
land, since which I have reciev d your favour of 7 Octob r 
from Louisburg, by which I find you had been much 
fatigu d with shipping off the French inhabitants & in 
repair of the fortifications. I am sorry to hear of the 
sickness among the troops, & glad to find you have your 
health so well. You have long since had an acco* of the 
King's giving you a regiment & of making you a Baronet 
of this kingdom ; & since M r Warren is made Governour 
of Cape Breton, I can think of nothing else worth your 
acceptance, unless the Ministry would give you the con- 
tract for victualling the garrison of Louisburg, which I 
mention d to you in mine of 16 Aug* & 20 Sept r . It 
would be a fine thing & natural to you as having been a 
gent n in trade, & might be chiefly manag d by your two 
sons under your care & direction. I suppose the supply 
would amount to thirty-six thousand pounds sterl. a year, 
a fine sum to go thro your hands in bills of exch a . In- 
deed, I think, to have this well fixt would exceed all 


other things in reward for your good services & great 
fatigues in the reduction of Cape Breton. My good 
brother, M r Partridge, is very capable & wou d be very 
ready to serve you in this business, & which I should 
take from you as a particular favour. Wishing you 
much health & happiness, I remain, Hono ble S r , 
Your friend & most humb. servant. 

J. Belcher. 

London, Decern 1 " 2, 1745. 
S R William Pepperrell. 

Turn over.* 


To S r William Pepperrell, Barronet, at Cape Briton or Neiv England, 
f Cap 1 Dumaresq. 
S K W M Pepperrell. London, Dec r the 2, 1745. 

I have lately writt thee of y e 26 ult., to which I refer. 
This now T accompanys a letter from mj T Bro r Belcher to 
thyself, recomending to thee thy putting in to be Agent 
Victualer for y e garrison of Cape Briton, w ch has indeed a 
very promising aspect in that it w d be greatly to thy ad- 
vant a , & as somebody must have it we think thou mightst 
easily obtain it, for that y e ministry w d undoubtedly be 
very ready yet to consider thee in something further by 
w r ay of gratuity for thy services. And y e better to facili- 
tate the thing we think a letter obtained from Gov r Shirley 
in thy favour to Hen. Pelham, Esq r , who is first comm r 
of the Treasury, w rd be of singular service, and if thou 
shallt think fitt to employ me in it as thy agent here 
(which I w d willingly accept off) & send me thy orders 
about it, I shall do my utmost endeavour in the solicita- 
tion thereof for thee. I am 

Thy assured friend. 

Rich d Partridge. 

* These words refer to the letter of Richard Partridge which immediately follows, and 
which was written on the reverse page of Belcher's letter. The superscription is in Part- 
ridge's handwriting. — Eds. 

1745.] LETTERS. 405 


Boston, Decern 1 6 th , 1745. 

Hon d Sir, — The last I was hon d with from y° was of 
the 28 th October, & y e 2 d November. There is nothing in 
them that demands a particular answer, saving what re- 
lates to your interest in the prises ; and as to them I have 
got a power from my Mother Pepperrell in order to receive 
your part, and shall herein omit nothing that I see its for 
your interest to do. I have not had opportunitj^ yet of 
seeing Judge Auchmuty, being but just come to town, 
but shall take the first that presents to lay in for your in- 
terest in Cap* Richardson's prise, if I find its recoverable. 
I have spoke to Commissary Wheelwright, and he promises 
me to keep enough in his hands 'till he can attend to 
settle with me, which he'll do as soon as the vessells going 
to Cape Breton are dispatched. I have endeavoured to 
get freight on board some of these vessells for your rum, 
say 20 hh ds , but can't yet. The Province will soon take 
up more, when I doubt not to be accomodated. If I have 
time before the bearer goes I shall put aboard some choc- 
olate, &c, for you, as I fear you are in some danger of 
being without such things, from your family's expectation 
of your returning this fall or winter, w ch we now despair 
of almost, and hardly anything could give us the pain it 
does that you should be detained so long from your native 
country & family. We have been exceedingly concerned, 
and my Mother Pepperrell almost overwhelmed, with the 
news of your indisposition. I desire to thank God that 
Cap fc Tilden, who I have just seen, is able to acquaint me 
that you were pretty well again, and that you had not 
been very ill, which most agreeable news I shall soon 
send my Mother Pepperrell, Andrew & Bettsy, who will 
be greatly revived by it. You have enclosed a letter 
from my Mother Pepperrell, by which you'l see how much 
she mourns yo r absence. I pray God that the troops may 


soon arrive to jour releif, and that your life & health 
may long be preserved. 

I understand Cap t Huske was very handsomely received 
by the Dukes of Richmond, Bedford, Gen 1 Hill & several 
other gen n of rank at the Duke of Richmond's seat, that 
very handsome lodgings had long before been taken up by 
General Huske for his brother ; so its supposed Cap* Huske 
will make it very well worth his while that he is gone home. 
If you have an opp° to write to England, or will send me a 
letter, with two copys of it, to your friend Huske, I beleive 
it would be of service to you. You may, I beleive, depend 
on this that the aforementioned company resented pretty 

much that your power should be disputed at Ca 

Br n, after y e surrender of the place, by a certain sea 

officer, and that your health was frequently drank by 
them with high marks of their esteem for you ; that I say 
Huske might do you some service, tho were I in your 
place I would ask no favour of him in the letter, but w T rite 
him in a friendly manner, &c. I have also once more to 
advise you to write M r Bollum, who its thought is a very 
honest man, will have an exceeding good acquaintance in 
England, and have it very much in his power to serve 
you. If he is pursuing any thing for himself or friends, 
it may not be at all inconsistent for him to say many 
things that would greatly serve your interest, and I would 
certainly, were it my case, when I wrote him, complim* 
him with £100 sterling, and the rather would I recom- 
end this to you, for that I am credibly informed the 
government of Connecticutt have come to a determination 
to send home a representation of the part they had in the 
expedition, and its reported that the reason of this was 
M r Woolcott's coming from Cape Breton very much dis- 
pleased with some part of your conduct, namely, that when 
you wrote to England, giving an account of the reduction 
of the place that you refused to let him see your dispatches, 
and when he demanded it in form you still denyed him, 

1745.] LETTERS. 407 

though you took (much) inferiour officers into the cabinet. 
This, I say, 'tis said, has greatly disgusted hinx, and w ch I 
have thought it my duty to advise you of for your govern- 
ment. There is some ships that will soon go to England 
by which I shall write M r Kilby concerning your victual- 
ling your regiment. But if, as I hear, the officers of your 
regiment are to be appointed at home, they must send 
men with them, for I beleive it will be impossible unless 
the Governour & you have New England officers in your 
regiments ever to fill them up here. I should be glad of 
your sentiments on this head, & in any matter wherein I 
can serve you I shall be exceeding glad of your coinands. 
I am now at the 10 th of December, and am heartily glad 
(& I hope thankfull) of your recovery, which I had the 
satisfaction of hearing by his Excellency & many others 
at the same time. I am exceedingly concerned that you 
must be confined all winter at Luisbourg. I am in great 
doubt whether 'twill be worth yo r while to take a regi- 
ment. Surely if you will by that means be oblidged to 
obey every call to go into the feild, you had infinitely 
better be without, for what comfort can you or yo r family 
have while at such a distance from each other ? On the 
other hand, as you are certainly intitled to a very great 
reward, besides the honour done you, which wont main- 
tain a man, but rather add greatly to his expences, I would 
employ some good man abroad to sollicit a post for me 
that should allow of my living at home, which may cer- 
tainly be had ; and the sooner its sought after the better. 
I am very much concerned that I have not a line from you 
in Cap 1 Tyng. I have wrote M r Kilby largely, and desired 
him to keep a good look out that you are duly noticed at 
home, & that nothing is omitted that will be for your ad- 
vantage. My fear is that you'l not have your due credit, 
unless some bod}^ is employed to acquaint the Ministry 
what circumstances you were in when you engaged in the 
expedition, how that it was confessed on all hands that 


the expedition would not have gone on without you, at 
least not so early, when it would have miscarryed, which, 
and other matters of fact, should by no means be omitted, 
and for want thereof you'l deprive yourself of that which 
as properly & justly belongs to y° as any part of your 
estate, and the benefit you ought to reap will be carryed 
away by some others, w ch , I say, Sir, I never would suffer 
or allow 7 of. Please to inform me in your next what terms 
you are in with Brigadier Wa — do. He writes me by Tyng 
a very kind letter, & professes a great regard for you. 
He also informs me, which you'l keep a secrett as coming 
from me, that his Excellency has recomended him strongly 

for Gov r of the place, & that Adm 1 W— n has declined 

it, & also that the Governour has recomended him for a 
regiment on the sterling establishin*. On all w ch please 
to let me have your sentiments fully. Will you give me 
leave, Sir, to say, you doubtless, in order to appear in 
character as a Baronett, must have a chariot & four horses 
and a powdered servant or two behind it whenever you 
travail, & that its generally supposed you have wrote for 
it, or will very suddenly, and moreover shall I be so free 
as to ask you w r hether you will not send to England for a 
suit of regimen tails, or give orders for them to be provided 
here against your arrival! ? There will be a great pro- 
cession, should it please God you safe arrive here, & you 
would choose, I doubt not, to dress at such a time as 
a General. Its thought by most here that the officers 
appointed at home for the Governour's & yo r regim* will 
not come, but that you'l fill them up yo r selfes. M r Kilby 
is endeavouring for this, I hear, in form. His Excellency 
speaks very handsomely of } r ou, but this wont, I hope., 
prevent your seeking those things w ch belong to you, w ch 
he cant take amiss. Please to inform me w r hether you 
committed any thing to M r Bollum in concert with his 

Ex y, & what the same was, & how I shall conduct as 

to writing that gen 11 , &c. You have doubtless heard of 

1745.] LETTERS. 409 

the death of Coll Wheelwright,* Judge of Probates for 
our county, w ch I mention, that if you are desirous of any 
particular person's supplying that place that you may write 
the Gov r , who would doubtless esteem of yo r recomenda- 
tion. In case you are confined at Cape Breton (w ch God 
forbid) all winter, I hope you'l be able to be up before 
May for many reasons, besides y r lady & your children's 
wanting and earnestly desiring of it. One I would just 
hint at is that some designing persons are, I beleive, mak- 
ing even as early as this not only an interest to drop you 

from the Co 11, but to remove me from the H e, 

but without any success at present, I beleive, that will 
avail them. However, I have thought it best to give you 
this hint. I am sorry to hear the poltrey sent y° by my 
Mother Pepperrell & myself were lost out of Branscom's 
& another vessell from N. Hampshire, especially as I cant 
yet get room for resupplying of you in any vessells now 
going, w ch I think to be a very poor case, to say no worse. 
If I can hire a vessell of 50 tons or more I will do it, & 
then send you the 20 hh ds rum, some cattle, fowles, &c, 
and if I can't hire a vessell I will use my utmost endeav- 
ours to send y e same by some of the transports, as there 
will be some employed, I beleive, the greatest part of the 
winter, 4 or 5 are already taken up, or ordered to be, on 
purpose for the necessity of those at Cape Breton who 
are sick. 

I shall endeavour herewith to send you copy of the 
Gov r ' s speech at the opening of the session, & I beleive 
you'l soon have a letter of thanks & congratulation from 
the House. Better late y n never. I must after all I have 
wrote say that 1 am very sorry that there is not one suit- 
able person, among all you & I have wrote to, to sollicit 
any benefits for you. Several are very equal to the con- 

* John Wheelwright died in the latter part of 1745, and was succeeded by Jeremiah 
Moulton, whose commission was dated Dec. 20, 1745. See Whitmore's Mass. Civil List, 
p. 111.— Eds. 


corn & understand the affair well ; but y n these very 

persona are such as his Ex y has y e greatest influence 

with, so in fact if he is solliciting any posts by these people 
for himself or friends, I apprehend they will first serve 

hi in. Now its highly probable that his Ex y is not 

employing his interest for you ; then it follows that the 
same persons are not such as you ought to depend upon ; 
wherefore it must behove you to have some person, with 

whom the Go r has no concern, to manage for you; 

who to recomend to you I am something at a loss. But I 
think it should be my friends Mess rs Peter & James Cleop 8 

Simond, who your late friend Gov r B r knows very 

well. They have deservedly the character of eminet mer- 
chants & men of great fidelity, of fine circumstances & 
have a good interest at court; and if they would serve you 
I beleive you could not have better under the present cir- 
cumstances of things. I dont mean by this that you 
should not do something for M r Bollum ; but I beleive 
50<£ sterling might be en° ; nor to drop M r Kilby, for with 
them I w d certainly have a good understanding, but the 
person I would committ my secretts to, and depend most 
upon, should be such as would proceed without any notice 
of them, and there should be a handsome remitance made 
this particular friend you want to pursue matters for you, 
& upon your orders I would manage the affair for you in 
the best manner I am capable. But no time should be lost 
If there is a Govern 1 " appointed for Cape Breton, & Com- 
modore W n has declined it, nothing will hinder you 

from it, but the interest his Ex y might make against 

you, or for another ; & most people think you might have 
leave to tarry in New England. To render it certain you 
might ask for it on these terms. This & a regiment on 
the English establishm 1 would be a fine thing. I know 
of no posts else, unless the Surveyor of the Woods or of 
the Customs were asked for, either of w ch might be ob- 
tained, I am confident, and many others, if they were 

1745.] LETTERS. 411 

faithfully asked for you; and I verily beleive were you in 
England that the interest of no person in New England 
could hinder you from any of the posts I have mentioned, 
or, indeed, if a person wholly in yo r interest would exert 
himself. But there is danger for want of this that they 
will attribute to some great men in N. England what is 
really & truly yours. I hope all I have said now will be 
sufficient to let you into my present apprehension of things. 
But I. hope you have taken the necessary precautions long 
since. I have put aboard Cap* Hunter, the bearer, a box 
cont a one dozen pound of chocolate, and shall send you 
some cheese & coffee by the same opp°, if I can get it 
aboard, and continue sending you all winter as there is 
opp° one thing or other, which I hope will be agreeable, 
and which I fear you'l want. I beg nothing I have said 
of Brigadier Waldo may be known, but that you'l conceal 
it in yo r own breast till we can see one another. I may 
very likely write you again by this opp°. At present let 
me assure you I have all y e concern & affection for you 
that a son ought to have for one of the best of fathers, 
and that I wish you every happiness that you can wish 
yourself, being with the most profound regard, Hon d Sir, 
Y r ob fc son & devoted humble serv\ 

N. Sparhawk. 

P. S. M r Apthorp informs me that you have been so 
good as to settle it with the Admiral that my partner & I 
are to supply the garrison in comp a with M r Apthorp with 
such stores as may from time to time be demanded, for 
w ch I return you hearty thanks. I am very sorry I have 
not any advise from you. I should be glad of your most 
early advice on this head, & on any other wherein I can 
make any advantage at Luisbourg, & I hope before you 
are in a different scituation that you'l get the word of the 
Admiral not to make any alteration after you come away. 
I should be very glad if you w r ould inform me whether 


Brigadier Waldo had any part in getting this busyness 
for us (under the rose) and please to give all the needfull 
direction in the affair of supplying the garrison. 

Y r ob* son & sv fc . 

N. Spariiawk. 

Sir William Peppeeeell. 


To the Honourable S r William Pepperell, Knight and Barroknight. 

att Levisburgh. 
S r William Pepperell. 

Boston, December 6 th . 1745. 

Honourable & dear S r , — I received your favour of 
the 15 th October at my return from Albany, and am 
alwayes glad to hear from you and of your prosperity on 
all acco ffcs . I heartyly congratulate you on the honnours 
conferred on you by his Majesty. Itt was what I ex- 
pected & think you justly deserved for the great service 
done to the Crowne of England in the reduction of 
Levisburgh and I hope I can truely say itt was more 
pleasing to me because I had so great a hand in pswad- 
ing you to accept the commission and undertake the 
expedition which God has so prospered. I had the 
first news of Cap fc Rouse's return from England on the 
rhode on my return from Albany, and I think att Coll 
Chandler's, where I dyned and wee drank your Honnour's 
health, as I doe dayly, and heartyly wish itt, & that you 
may in God's time return in safety to your famely and 
friends again, among the last of these you must allow me 
to reckon myself. I am verry much oblidged to 3011 for 
your civillitys to M r Livingston. He returned safe to 
New York. I have not yet had the pleasure of seeing 
my good and worthy friend Brigadeer Dwight. On my 
return from Albany wee came through Connecticut^ and 
so did not i^oe near Brookfield. But as our Court is 

1745.] LETTERS. 413 

prorogued to next Wednesday, and then to sitt, I hope 
he will be downe next week, that I may have the plea- 
sure of drinking yo r health with him and honnest John 
Chandler & other your good friends att my house. You 
will have heard of the destruction of a place called Sar- 
rightoga near Albany, where all the inhabitants were 
killed or taken prisoners & all the houses, &c a , burnt to 
ashes & all the kattle killed. My brother Phillip 
Schuyler was slain and butchered in a barberous manner 
in his bed before he could gett up, and seaven of his 
negros, for they came upon them about 12 clock att 
night, when they were all asleep in their beds, and did 
not think of any danger because they had out skouts of 
English & Indians between them and Crowne Point, 
which the French and Indians had all taken prisoners 
the night before they attacked Sarrightoga. I hope wee 
shall have an expedition next year against Crowne 
Point and Canady too, that will be scourges to us untill 
reduced to his Majesty's obedience, w ch I pray God may 
be the verry next year. 

My famely is pretty well now ; my spouse has been 
much indisposed of late. I found her sick when I came 
home from Albany, but through God's goodness is much 
better again. My daughter Molly is to be marryed next 
week to your kinsman, M r Sewall, the Doctor's sonn* I 
mention this to you, as I know you wish me and mine 
well, as I sincerely do you and yours, and often inquire 
after them. I am much pleased with the choice of Doct r 
Colman made of your sister. The oftner I see her the 
more I like her, as the most suitable psonn for the Doct r 
that he could have found in the two provinces ; and I tell 
him she will prolong his usefull life. He has nott only 
pleased me, but all his best friends. Our Generall Court 

* Mary Wendell, daughter of Jacob Wendell, born Jan. 14, 1724, married Samuel 
Sewall, son of Rev. Dr. Joseph Sewall, and died Jan. 21, 1746. See Bridgman's King's 
Chapel Inscriptions, p. 237. — Eds. 


sitts next week, when I hope the first tiling they do will 
be to provide for the protection of our fronteers, to effect 
which both East and West I will do all in my power, and 
please to give my service to M r Waldo, and assure him 
hereof. By all the advice wee have from Albany, the 
French w T ill have a great number of men this winter att 
Crowne Point to attack the fronteers of this and the 
neighbouring provinces if the season will but admit 
thereof, that wee must make provision for our defence. 
Wee have been some time looking out for our Govern- 
our's safe arrivall here, and wee heartyly wish itt may be 
safe and soon, as the season is so farr advanced. With 
mine & wife's best respects, I beg leave to remain, 
Hon b,e & dear S r , 

Your old friend and most obec? humble servant. 

Jacob Wendell. 


Boston, Saterday, Dec br y e 14 th , 1745. 

Sir, — M r Shirley's time is so much taken up between 
y e House & a ship going to England on Monday y* he has 
not time to write one letter to Louisbourg, & hopes you'l 
accept of a letter from me at y 8 time in his stead. He 
orders me to inform you y* upon his meeting y e House 
they immediately appointed a committy to draw up a 
letter of congratulation & thanks to you, & they already 
see your services in a very different light, & I believe 
you may be asured y t whatever cloud may have been 
between you & your honist countrymen it has been 
owing to other people whom M r Shirley is determined to 
silence & controul. I am to inform you y fc y e susspitions 

* First wife of Gov. Shirley. She was born in England, the daughter of Francis Barker, 
was a woman of more than usual ability, was fond of political intrigue, and did much to 
promote her husband's advancement. Governor Belcher, who disliked her bitterly, nick- 
named her " Mrs. Gypsy." She died in September, 1746. See G Mass. Hist. Coll., vol. vii. 
passim. — Eds. 

1745.] LETTERS. 415 

of ill treatment to y e army from those of y e sea at home 
are very just, even beyond w* you can immagin ; for they 
write M r Shirley word y* y e army have had cruel usage 
from y e sea people, & to give you a specimin of y e spirit 
of those gentlemen, here is a letter in town from a capt n 
of a man of war w th you to a relation of his here, w ch 

says y fc M r S y's coming to Louisbourg has done great 

hurt, for since he has been there there has been such a 
spirit of discontent & mutany among y e soldiers y* they 

can keep up no disciplin, & much more to M r S y's 

discredit. You know, Sir, y e falshood of y s , for I think 
T have often heard you say y* his coming was y e means 
of preventing these very things & had he not answer' d for 
y e advance of thire wages and being discharg'd in the 
spring and some other things w ch nobody cou'd do but 
him, y e men cou'd never have been kept there. Thus, 

Sir, you see, y fc M r S y shares w th you in false asper- 

tions w ch I hope will make you y e more easey under 
y m , &, as he has already, & allways will take y e same 
care of your honour as of his own, he does not doubt but 
you'l have a letter or somthing drawn up & sign'd by 
y e prinsiple officers to confute y s malisious report ; y s let- 
ter he has heard of within y s halfe hour from a gentle- 
man who saw y e letter & may be depended on. Now M r 
S y sees y e drift of y e r Is writing y e L ds of Admi- 
ralty word y* he was fors'd to keep y e Vigilant y s winter 
to keep y e soldiers from going away, w ch is a most inju- 
rious reflection upon y e officers & whol army. Good S r 
William, I do pitty you heartily for being oblig'd to live 
among such a sett of incencere people, but as you have 
gon thro so much out of love to your country I am per- 
swaded y e knowledg of these things will endear you to 
y m , & I hope you'l keep up your spirits, & go thro y e 
remainder of y e time you must be there chearfully, w th a 
certanty y* all these base contrivances will come to light, 
& y fc New England will have its due praise in spight of y e 


great opposition w ch is made to it, but I thought it right 
to let you know w* sort of friends you are among y* you 
may be upon your guard. I am to inform you y fc Capt n 

Hay ward has sattisfied M r S y about y e man that went 

away without leave, & y fc y e House are of oppinion to go 
on in y e same way of supply y* they did before y e D. of 
Newcastle's letter came to you, & y e Admiral to draw 
bills ; & now, Sir, I think it is time to give you some ace* 
of your family. I saw M r Sparhawk y e other day. He 
told me y* Lady Pepperell is very well, as is your 4 
children. I need not tell you they want much to 
see you, but he cou'd not help approving your steady 
adhearance to your honour & duty, & I doubt not your 
reward will be a happy meeting w fch your family, w ch I 
hope will be early in spring. I dare say it will be a 
pleasure to you to hear w r e are safely arriv'd. We had 
a very rough passage of ten days. Capt n Tyng says he 
had not been in such weather these seven years; but I 
thank God we had y e finest landfall y* cou'd be, & got in 
last Sunday about 4 a clock ; y e day was so warm y fc we 
went upon deck to drink y e King's health after dinner, & 
in y e midest of sunshine & chearfull countinances we pas'd 
y e light house, w ch pop'd 7 little guns at us, & we gave 
y m 3 great ones in return. We lay at y e Castle y* night; 

y e next day M r S y went to town by water & was 

ree'd w th all possible marks of joy & good will, but as 
women have nothing to do w th parrades I desired to go 
from y e Neck in y e coach. I thank God we all continue 
well, except your favourite, poor Judy, who increased 
her cold very much by being thrown out of bed at sea, 
for y e cradle broke from y e cabin & turn'd over at top of 
her & M rs Winslow. I have been in great fears for Judy 
since I came home, but she is much better to-day & y e 
Doct r don't fear her recovery. She has had very little 
fever, but a very bad cough, & so weak she can't walk 
cross y e room. I can think of no news, except y* we 

1745.] LETTERS. 417 

were yesterday at y e wedding dinner of Capt n Osbourn & 
M rs Hutchinson of y e North End. Doct r Coleman & his 
lady are well, as is M r Boston & his who I saw yesterday. 
I beg, Sir, you'l make my compliments wherever you 
think they are due, & y* you will accept of those of y e 
whole family, & perticularly y e sincere esteem & friend- 
ship of, Sir, 

Your most obliged humble servant. 

F. Shirley. 

Saterday night. 

P. S. M r S y bids me tell you y* y s afternoon the 

Court have heard of y e letter above mention'd & resent it 
much, but he still thinks such a paper may not be amiss 
to sattisfy every body. My service to M r & M rs Green, I 
hope you will take good care of your health & lett noth- 
ing vex you, for depend upon it all things will be right 

at last. M r S y's & your commissions are not yet 

come, & there is little more to informe you of y m y n w fc you 

heard before we came away, but M r S- y will write to 

you by y e next vessell. I write in so great a hurry y* I 
fear you'l not be able to read y s , but if you can I will 
promise never to send you one w ch you can't. 

The following lines are from y r st. W. Shirley. 

Sir, — I have just read over M rs Shirley's letter. I 
would not trouble you ab fc any vindication of me. I de- 
spise the calumny and the authors of it, and doubt not to 
turn the tables upon 'em. But it nearly concerns your 
own honour to assert by some general certificate of the 
officers y* there is no necessity for the Vigilant to be kept 
in the harbour, to keep all the troops under your com- 
mand (not the Admiral's) from desertion. 

P. S. I will write to you & the Admiral by next ves- 
sell : in the mean time my service to him. 

W. Shirley. 




Boston, January 1 st , 1745. 

Sir, — I had your Excellency's favour two posts ago, & 
am sorry to find you so far mistake the intent of my 
letter to the Duke of Newcastle as to think that the 
account I there give of the services of the New England 
forces does not extend equally to the New Hampshire 
& Connecticut regiments with those of the Massachu- 
setts Bay. I think the New England land forces (w ch 
if I mistake not is the term I make use of) plainly in- 
cludes 'em & accordingly I end y fc letter to this effect, viz., 
" I desire his Grace to lay the inclos'd journal of the pro- 
ceedings of the land forces during the siege before his 
Majesty & hope his Majesty will be graciously pleas'd to 
accept 'em as an instance of the perfect duty & inviolable 
attachment w ch I was perswaded the several colonies con- 
cern'd in the expedition bore to his Majesty's sacred 
person & government." And to convince you y t it is 
impossible but that the services of the land forces must 
be understood by the Ministry to be spoke of the several 
colonies together, without any distinction, I send you a 
copy of the journal itself to w ch I re f err in my letter, & 
w ch is certify'd & sign'd by 

W. Pepperell, Lieu* General of the Forces, &c. 

S. Waldo, a Brigadier of the same Forces. 

More, Colonel of the New Hampshire Regiment, 

part of the same Forces. 

Lothrop, Lieu* Colonel of the Connecticutt 

Regiment, &c a . 

Richard Gridley, Lieu* Colonel of the Train of 
So that you will perceive that this journal, w ch is the 
joint account of the commanding officers of the three 
colonies, & settled by the agreement of 'em all, must be 
understood of the services of the New Hampshire regi- 

1745-6.] LETTEES. 419 

ment, as well as of the Connecticutt & Massachusetts Bay 
(w ch it would have been wrong in my opinion to have 
endeavour'd to distinguish between in any particular), & 
upon this journal is my letter founded. w ch I expressly 
mention to be only an abstract of the journal & to be 
voueh'd by it. 

As to the expression in my letter mentioning the New 
England forces raisd under my commission, if that is what 
your Excellency's observation is founded upon, I do 
assure you it dropt casually from my pen, without the least 
thought of diminishing the services of any other gentle- 
man within his government, much less yours, w ch it will 
ever be a great pleasure to me to acknowledge in the 
utmost latitude & most advantageous manner in my letters 
to the Ministry or elsewhere ; and this proceeded only 
from the expedition's being form'd under the command 
of Lieu* General Pepperell, who was appointed comman- 
der in chief by my commission, & receiv'd as such by the 
other colonies that join'd in the expedition. And it don't, 
as I apprehend, carry the least appearance of my raising 
any forces out of my government, tho you know in reality 
some of 'em were, but indeed by your influence. And I 
do assure you, had it at the time of writing the letter 
occurr'd to me that there was the least shadow in it of 
implying anything more than the general commission 
setting the expedition first on foot & appointing the 
commander in chief of it, or y* it could possibly be con- 
stru'd to imply that I had rais'd the New Hampshire 
regiment or Connecticutt forces or any part of 'em, I should 
have avoided it, & am sorry if it gives you any umbrage ; 
& if you think it wants explaining, I will do it in any 
manner that shall be most acceptable to you in my next 
letter to the Duke of Newcastle. Cap* Mason of Sir 
William Pepperell's regiment, I presume, acquainted you 
with the arrival of Sir W m ' 8 commission for the command 
of one of the two American regiments, & some of his 


officers & part of the cloathing ; since w ch my commission 
for the command of the elder of these two regim 13 is 
arriv'd here, with some of my officers & the remainder of 
the cloathing for both regim ts . Cap fc Mason, I suppose, 
now carries with him a letter from Lien* Colonel Ryan to 
you with instructions from him for raising levies for Sir 
W m ' s regiment, with a copy of Sir W m ' s beating order, 
within any of the colonies, from his Majesty ; & as the 
raising of that regiment will be of very great importance 
to his Maj ty ' s service for the defence & preservation of our 
new acquisition, I doubt not of the same concurrence of 
your good offices in assisting the recruiting officers & zeal 
for promoting the protection of Louisbourg w ch you ex- 
erted within your government for promoting the reduction 
of it. 

I am farther to ask your Excellency's permission for 
Lieutenant Auchmuty (whom I have order'd to wait upon 
you with a copy of his Majesty's beating order to me) to 
enlist men for my regiment within your government. He 
thinks, with the assistance of his uncle, the Judge's letters 
to MacMurphy and others of London Derry, he may if 
countenanc'd & favourd by your Excellency have success 
with the people there. 

How much I shall stand in need of your assistance & 
friendship upon this occasion you will judge from the 
inclos'd list of officers of the two American regiments, 
whereby you will perceive how many commissions come 
fiird up with officers from Europe to the great disappoint- 
ment & chagrin of the American officers who serv'd upon 
the expedition, & may possibly, instead of promoting levies 
for the two American regiments, discourage 'em, as it 
seems very much in their power to do here & at Louis- 
bourg. Another difficulty to Sir William Pepperell & 
myself upon this occasion is that the Ministry, upon rep- 
resentations made to 'em that the American soldiers now 
at Louisbourg were so fond of entring into his Majesty's 

1745-0.] LETTERS, 421 

service as garrison soldiers that they wanted only to be 
regimented, have refus'd to allow the usual levy money 
for raising our two regiments k have only granted a 
muster & an half (three months' pay to begin from the 
24 th of September) w ch is the whole fund each regiment 
has for raising the men, & comes to no more than two 
guineas T man for bounty money & all incidental charges 
besides. Whereas I had the utmost difficulty at Louis- 
bourg to keep the troops from breaking out into a mutin- 
ous behaviour on ace* of their being to be detain'd in 
garrison during the winter only. 

I have just now had news from New York of the arrival 
of one of the transport ships in the Hook from Gibraltar 
with 250 troops, & that the others had been spoke with 
at sea a few days before, & had appointed to rendezvous 
at New York ; that Admiral Rowley had taken (I suppose 
they might mean bombarded) Genoa; y* part of the 
rebels were taken ; & packet boats regularly establish'd 
between England & the West Indies ; I have before heard 
of a provision vessell's being arriv'd at New York, & y* 
one of our twenty gun ships had taken a rich prize off 
Martinique. I wish you joy of all this news, & hope it 
may be a forerunner of advice that the Kingsale and 
ordnance storeship's (with Craig w ch has 500 barrells of 
powder for this governm* on board her) being somewhere 
safe in port, & the rebellion's being intirely quell'd. 

We have the affair of the fort at Crown Point at present 
under consideration, & I will let you know the result of 
it by the first opportunity. I am fully of opinion that 
the French of Canada will make a vigorous attempt upon 
the fort at Annapolis Royal this spring, in w ch if they 
should succeed they would have an immediate addition 
of between 5 & 6000 fighting men from the inhabitants of 
Nova Scotia, all the Indians in these parts (ab* 1200 at 
least) absolutely at their command, w ch , with 3 or 4000 
men from Canada, would in such case make a body of 


10,000 men ready assembl'd in a provision country to 
join any force from old France, within three days' sail at 
most, for the recovery of Louisbourg. And if that should 
be thought impracticable, yet they would with such a 
force indemnify e themselves for the loss of Cape Breton 
by irresistably breaking up all our eastern settlements, & 
where they would stop is uncertain, especially as they 
are masters of the fort at Crown Point on the other side. 
Such an event as this is far from being impossible, & the 
last acc ts from Annapolis in my opinion very much favour 
it. . Pray God our frontiers may not be put to the trial of 
being so miserably harrass'd as they would in all proba- 
bility be in such case. How much does it behove us to 
do our utmost to guard against it. 

I am in some concern least the small pox should be 
propogated from New York among the American soldiers 
in Louisbourg. I will do everything I can to prevent it. 

I should think that your assembly among other reasons 
should be induc'd to encourage mlistments into mine & 
Sir William's regiment, on ace* of releiving the men be- 
longing to your govern* who are not inclined to remain 
in the service. I shou'd like to have my youngest son 
have the command of a company, but as that would ex- 
clude some gentleman who serv'd upon the expedition, 
I am determin'd not to give him one. I am with great 
esteem, Sir, 

Your Excellency's most obedient humble servant. 

W. Shirley. 

His Excellency Governour Wentworth. 

1745-6.] LETTERS. 423 


London, January 2 nd , 1745/6. 

May it please y k Excell *, — Tour favor of the 4 th of 
Octob r last rec d ; note the contents in a particular mailer. 
I was present at the D ke Richm ds when rec d it, at White- 
hall, present two of his Majest 8 Privy Counc 1 , &c a , whome 
I din'd w th that day. After diner the royal healths drank ; 
yours next on the carpet, but not M r W — r — n's, who, 
'tis said, has stole great part of his honors from you in a 
great measure. Had we arriv'd 3 weeks soon'r affairs 
wouldn't have run such a length as they've done in his 
favor. The same ins* I comunicat'd your Ire to his Grace 
in private, w ch he well approv'd off & said the King & 
Cou — el had been impos'd on relating to the Cape Brittoon 
expedicon from a certain great man, lately made so, in 
your parts. I fail'd not in one point setting forth the 
proceedings of it from the begining to the ending of it in 
its true colors & in all shapes to the satisfacon of those 
present (I dare say). I was so particular as to y r carecter, 
I was ask'd whether I personally knew you. Upon my 
answer all my reports was out of doubt; the Duke re- 
sponsible for my integrity. I've made use of all season- 
able opportunities amongst courtiers & men of trade to 
convince them of the general importance to Old & New 
England Cape Brittoon is, without any color of a sinister 
veiw in any shape. I wish y r agents that are well paid 
by the people would take half the pains ; self interest is 
the idol too much adored in the present age. 

As to politicks a little sketch ; ere since my arrival 
both nations in continual convulsions, thr6 the unnatural 

* Ellis Hnske was a younger brother of General John Huske, and was born in England 
in 1700. From 1733 till his death in 1755 he was one of the Council of New Hampshire. 
While holding this office he was Naval Officer at Portsmouth, Postmaster at Boston, and 
publisher of " The Bostnn Weekly Post-Boy." See 6 Mass. Hist. Coll., vol. vi. p. 3 n. ; 
vol. vii. p. 114 n. A duplicate of this letter with numerous variations is also among the 
Pepperrell Papers in the Library of the Society. — Eds. 


rebellion of the Scots (nonjuring villains at the head) all 
business except what relates to the Crown stagnated ; 
'tis daily expected a great embarquecacon from France of 
horse & foot, suppos'd either for the south part of 
England or Scotland, where the rebells are all drove, 
except 400 in the castle of Carlile, w ch is daily expect'd 
will be surrender'd to the King's forces w ch the Duke 
of Cumberland comands. Duke Richmond & broth r has 
joyned him w th the forces under their comand. The lat- 
ter I've not seen since my arrival. I've been confin'd 
this 6 weeks w th the gout, tho a gentel touch. General 
Cope & Wade both here, one if not both are under con- 
finement in order to be try'd at a court martial. The 
voice of the people of all ranks are generally ag* 'em on 
acc fc of there past conduct, by what I can learn from 
the secret of the cabinet, is not without essential reasons. 
6,000 hussars are hourly expect'd in Scotland to joyn 
the King's forces. Upon the whole 'tis my opinion the 
rebells, & French has cut out a suhler's work for the 
nation. I purpose to come in the mast ship under con- 
voy ; 'tis s d they'l sail the begining of March next if the 
nation is not great'r involv'd then expect'd. I sincerely 
congratulate you on y r late attahrd dignities from his 
Majesty. Such good offices done by you for the benefit 
of others (w ch is publick) soon'r or later will be reward'd 
w th success agreeable, w ch is the unfeign'd & sincere wish of 
Y r Honor's most humb 1 serv fc to comand, 

E s Husk. 
P. S. My compliments to y r lady & fire side, &c a . 

S r W M Pepper ell, &c a , &c a . 


Boston, 11 th Jan^, 1745. 

IIon d & dear Sir, — Herewith are two packetts w cb I 
intended you- long since, but by an accident befall 2 the 

1745-6.] LETTERS. 425 

vessell I have them now to forward. I suppose several 
things mentioned to you in them will now subside. 
You'l by this opp° doubtless have an acco* from yo r Lieu* 
Coll Eyan of his arrivall with a considerable number 
of officers, all w ch I have showed all the civilitys in my 
power. I took a journy as farr as Cape Ann to wait on 
Coll° Ryan to town ; have accomodated him with lodg- 
ings and assisted & served him as farr as lays in my 
power. He is a fine gen n & will make you very happy, 
as he assures me he'll do every thing he can to ease you 
of the burthen of your office, as farr as may be in his 
power. He has let me into the secrett of your proffitts, 
which will not be less y n £2000 sterling f ann m . There 
are some blanks (commissions) in your regiment, and 
likewise in Gov r Shirley's ; but I can't yet say the 
number. I think there is a captain only to supply in 
each regiment. I understand you have the appointment 
of 12 lieu ts and 5 or 6 ensigns, and I beleive there is the 
same number in the Govern 1 ' 8 regiment. As these men 
of your appointing will, I suppose, be the principalis in 
recruiting and raising your regiment, I would humbly 
propose your not making any promises 'till you see who 
can get you the most soldiers. This you know, Sir, is a 
matter of the greatest consequence to the governm*, as 
well as yourself. Cap* Goldthwait tells me he has a 
comp a now in town ready, w ch he can bring you into your 
regim* immediately, and I hear Cap 1 Grant of Salem has 
another. But this I am not so certain of. Many others 
are raising men, so it would, I presume, be much the 
safest way for you to keep your commissions in your 
own power 'till you see who will bring you the most men. 
Coll Ryan has your commission w ch and the others I 
have advised him not to risque at sea ; so he'll keep 
them for your order. There is also the cloathing for y e 
two regiments come over not made up, w ch Gov r Shirley 
and Coll Ryan has desired M r Colman & I to take care 


of. And we are receiv 8 them into our store. What method 
they'l take to have them made up I know not, but the 
getting them made up is an affair w ch we could go 
through as cheap to you as in y e way that Coll Ryan 
proposes, which is to publish the thing, and so give 
them to the person that offerrs cheapest, but there may 
be a risque in this. If we had the managem* we could 
have them done by the principall tailors in town as cheap 
as in this way, & recover our debts by it, or at least save 
the money in our own hands. This is a thing that is in- 
tirely in your power, and if you would give your directions 
to Coll Ryan, it may serve me and not hurt yourself. 
This, Sir, I should acknowledge a favour, & not be want- 
ing in my gratitude for it. Give me leave, Sir, just to 
mention to you M r Lyde, who has rec d no letter from 
you. Gov r Shirley has promised him to write you that 
he may be served between him & you, if he can't serve 
him alone. He is an object of your favour & charity, a 
nephew of Judge Sewall's & my sister's only bro r ; is 
raising men at Conn* in hopes he may be favoured with a 
lieutenancy in case he succeeds. If it will suit you to 
preferr him to the post you'll oblige a great many of yo r 
true & sincere friends. I beleive my bro r Sparhawk 
will be very glad to be the chaplain of your regiment, 
that I would humbly pray you to give him the pref- 
erence, but let it be a secrett at pres\ Coll Ryan has 
seen him & is mightily pleased with him and promises 
always to patronise him in yo r absence. Its a great 
mortification to me (and I can't help thinking my letters 
have miscarry'd) that I have not received a line from 
you since y e 28 th October, and I am not without appre- 
hension that some base person has intercepted my letters, 
especially as I find M r Apthorp has advise from Admiral 
Warren that you have been pleased to provide for me 
the one half of the supplying the garrison at Luisbourg, 
and since Brigadier Waldo writes me the same. So I 

1745-6.] LETTERS. 427 

say, Sir, its very surprising that I have not any advise 
from you. Give me leave, Sir, with the highest sense of 
your paternal goodness to give you my hearty thankes 
for this fresh instance of your care of me and kindness to 
me ; it shall all ways be my care as farr as possible to 
merit yo r esteem & to show my gratitude. Let me beg 
leave to pray you will "¥ first vessell send me a copy of 
all the orders that have already been sent up to M r 
Apthorp, wherein I have been concerned, & whenever 
there is orders sent again that vou will please to let me 
have a copy of all such orders sent to me or partner 
under our cover particularly, that so we may not be 
oblidged to M r Apthorp for all the advices we may have ; 
and now I am begging, please to let me ask you upon the 
arrivall of Coll Fuller & Coll° Wallburton, one of w ch 
gen 11 came out in the fleet with Coll Ryan, & the rest 
with the Gibraltar regiments may be daily expected, to 
engage them to apply to our house for their supplys, 
and to recomend their officers & the captains especially 
to let us supply them. If it is agreable to you to do 
this for me, w ch I flatter myself it will, let me beg you'l 
take the 1° opp° you have after their arrivall, otherwise 
the Admiral or some other may secure them for M r 
Apthorp or some other friend. You doubtless know, 
Sir, that though M r Kilby is your agent at present, or 
paymaster, every Coll has y e choice of this officer ; so I 
would not, were it my case, confirm him 'till you see 
what he does for you. Its better to keep him in expec- 
tation at present, and as many others as you can, that 
may have a dependance upon you. I have put aboard for 
you in several vessells some chocolate, coffee, loaf sugar, 
10 hhds rum, &c, of w ch I shall give you a particular 
acco* V s d vessells, also of w* I have received as yo r ^th of 
the prises. Y° have herewith an acco* of the vessells 
condemned here, w ch I think will let you know whether 
you have not a claim to more y n is given you. I have a 


very late letter from my Mother Pepperell & Betsy & 
And w , who are all well & send their best regards. Yo r 
little grandson is also very well. Please to accept his 
duty. I can only add at present that I long for yo r safe 
return, rejoice in yo r health & earnestly pray the continu- 
ance of it, being with all possible respect, Hon' 1 & dear 

Your ob* son & most devoted sv 7t . 

N. Sparhawk. 

My Mo r Waldo, Bro r Sparhawk, sister, &c, send their 

Sir William Pepperrell. 


The Hon hJe Sir William Pepperrell^ Baronet, att Luisbourg. 

Boston, Jan*" 14 th , 1745. 

Hon d & dear Sir, — I have wrote you at large already 
by Cap* Mai com, and the bearer hereof, Cap* Stimson. I 
am now at the request of one of yo r captains to enclose 
you a letter, I know the contents. However, I would 
only say that if you don't give him what he asks, which I 
think I can be sure you will not, you may dispose of the 
post for 1500£ st g at least, & I know not but 2000£ 
sterling. This hint will be sufficient, I hope, to prevent 
your suddenly parting with anything, which you may be 
sure it will be greatly to your advantage to do, or to act 
any further y n is absolutely necessary 'till you have all the 
information relating to your regiment. Coll Ryan now 
writes y°, and he will inform you that he has desired M r 
Col man & myself to assist, or rather to make the best 
bargain for you we can with the tailors, and you may de- 
pend we shall in this regard save you all we possibly can, 
& have them done quite cheap for you, which we hope 

1745-6.] LETTERS. 429 

will gain us jour approbation. Your family and mine 
were well three days since, and I most sincerely wish 
that this may find you in good health, w ch may God long 

I have been thinking to ask Judge Sewall & Doct r 
Chauncy for their opinion of a motto for your arms ; but 
choose to have your leave first. If I can ease you of any 
trouble by writing M r Kilby, or any other way, be pleased 
to lay your comands on me, which shall be executed with 
y e greatest exactness & infinite sattisfaction. As to Rich- 
ardson's prise I can obtain nothing from it for you, as the 
Judge would not hearken to our claim made on yo r behalf. 
She is, contrary to the expectation of every one, deemed 
a privateer instead of a King's ship, I mean Donahew or 
Richardson's sloop, wherefore Richardson has appealed 
home, & I would likewise have appealed on yo r behalf, 
but my councell advised not, but recomend to your having 
a power lodged with some suitable person at home to 
claim your i when the try all comes on, which will be 
little or no expence to you. But your appealing would 
cost a great deal of morry. If you'l please to furnish me 
with a power for any friend in England, and send dupli- 
cates of them, their should be three, least a miscarriage 
should happen, I will do you every service in my power. 
I shall do myself the honour of writing you by the Boston 
packet, Cap fc Hunter, who sails in 2 or 3 days. In the 
interim I beg leave to assure you that I am, with all pos- 
sible regard, as I am under the most indispensable obliga- 
tions ever to be, Hon d Sir, 

Yo r most ob* son & ser*. 

N. Spaehawk. 

This letter I have been obliged to open to put in 

Sir William Pepperrell. 



Boston, 17 th Jany., 1745. 

Hon 1 * & dear Sir, — I have put on board Cap* Malcom 
a large packett for yon. and by Cap* Stinson you have 
two smaller ditto, in w ch have wrote you fully. This waits 
on you by your late chyrurgeon, who has promised me to 
take particular care of my letters. I have now to ac- 
knowledge your kind and much esteemed letter of the 18 th 
*P the snow w ch carryecl down the Vigilant's masts. I 
observe by that you had a few days before wrote me 
largely. I wish you had wrote me to whom you delivered 
the letter, as I have never received it, and fear I shall 
not. I am under inexpressible obligations to you for 
procuring the pretty & advantageous commission for me 
joyntly with M r Apthorp, which you advise me of. I have 
met M r Apthorp, and he is very handsome and assures 
me he will make every thing easy & agreeable to me as 
farr as he can, and we shall not be wanting on our part 
to treat him in like manner, & we are likely to negotiate 
matters to each other's satisfaction, and we hope to the 
Admiral's and yo r ' s . We write that gen n and you now 
joyntly, and I shall address the Admiral myself, and hope 
he will be so good as to continue me in the affair with M r 
Apthorp after you leave Louisbourg, which I must beg 
you'l endeavour for. At present you have doubtless an 
equal right with him to appoint the like number of per- 
sons that he has, and I am very glad its in no more hands. 
M r Col man joyns with me in suitable respects to you on 
this occasion. I am yet more oblidged to you that you 
after this are thinking of further methods for my service. 
No doubt many things may occurr before you come away 
that will favour such a generous and kind intention. At 
present I can only think of your obtaining a promise from 
the Admiral to continue a joynt application to M r Apthorp 
& myself after you come away, for the services of the 

1745-6.] LETTERS. 431 

garrison, & I wish I could flatter myself he would do y e 
same in regard to what he may want for y e ships under 
his comand now or y* may be hereafter. Another thing 
w ch I mentioned in some of my last is that I should be 
very glad you could engage Coll Walburton & his prin- 
cipall officers as low as y e lieutenants, and Coll Fuller's 
likewise that are coming from Gibraltar, to make their 
applications to M r Colman & myself for y e supplys they'l 
want. This would be a lasting thing perhaps ; but one 
wherein I should always have a benefit during your life, 
and if you should outlive me it might fall to your grand- 
son, and would tend to make him a pretty fortune, is a 
captain's commission in your regiment. This has been 
very strongly recommended to me by many of yo r friends 
in the General Court to apply to you for, and many others, 
and I would rather y n not have it quit all my recomenda- 
tions of any of my friends mentioned to you in my last, 
if you could not serve them & me to, & in a perfectly 
agreeable manner to yourself. I am sure you could always 
find good reasons to keep me here as a recruiting officer, 
w ch there would be an advantage in ; but the income of a 
captain without this would support my family in a very 
genteel manner, and all the proffitts of my trade, in w ch I 
can be as considerable when I have this post as if I had 
it not, may be laid by in purchased good real estate, or 
otherways as may be most likely to enable me to sett my 
children (of w ch I may expect a number in case my life & 
yo r dear daughter's is preserved) out in the world in a 
manner becoming the rank & dignity of their hon d grand- 
parents. I objected this to our friends that have advised 
me to ask this favour of you that it would make a noise if 
some person had it not who was in the expedition ; but its 
replyed that there is a great number of these that will 
think they have an equal claim to it, and you can give it 
to but one, and by obliging him, you may disoblidge almost 
hundreds. They add likewise, it was given you to dispose 


of for your own advantage, and if you don't sell it, you 
have an absolute right to dispose of it this way that I 
desire ; I hope I shall not discover an unsatiable inclination 
and thirst after the world, or show any want of modesty 
in the favour I now ask of you, and that you'l please to 
gratify me when you find how strong my inclinations are 
to it, w ch I know I can never requite you for, unless a 
respectfull carriage & due obedience added to a sober 
behaviour & a reputable character, w ch I shall always aim 
at & endeavour after, will compensate you. I earnestly 
wish that as you expect your return may be before spring ; 
should it not, which I cant bear to think of, I shall not 
fail to come to Luisbourg to pay my filial regards to you. 

The mony you order for M r Bollam & M r Kilby shall be 
sent them the 1° ships f good bills. There is some dis- 
pute among the agents for some of the prises which has 
prevented my finishing with them on yo r behalf. At 
present I have rec d only £853.14.9, Old Ten r , of M r Wen- 
dall and £300 more, Old Ten r , of M r Fletcher. But in a 
few days I hope the whole will be adjusted, when shall 
transmit you a particular acco\ I expect the Committee 
of War will pay me now soon the hire of yo r schooner. 
George's wages Barter received, & I believe my bro r 
Andrew has it. As to Richardson's prise I could get 
nothing assigned you by Judge Auchmuty, and as the 
concerned differr among themselves, and Cap* Richardson 
has appealed home against the owners, &c, the councell I 
employed for you advises that you send a power to some 
friend in England, when they are determining the matter 
to ask for an assignation of yo r part. An appeal would 
cost you a great deal of mony ; but in this way, which 
may be as effectual, it will cost scarce any thing. The 
person I would advise to for yo r attorny is M r Bollam ; 
three of one ten r & date should be sent at least. I shall 
attend yo r orders on this head. 

I am very glad to find you not laying any thing to 

1745-6.] LETTERS. 433 

heart yo r enemys may say of you. They are but few and 
spitefull, but cant hurt you. You have a vast number 
of friends, and in short all good men hold you in the 
greatest estimation. My Mother Pepperell, Bro r , Betsy & 
Natty were a few days since very well. Coll Kyan will 
be greatly oblidged for yo r care for his good accommoda- 
tion of a house & land at Luisbourg. I beleive it will be 
much for yo r interest to keep up a good understanding 
with him w ch may easily be done. I would not by any 
means advise you to make any body your regiment's pay- 
master till you return to New England, nor would I advise 
you to dispose of any of your blank commiss ns till you 
come up, if you can possibly help it, w ch I suppose you 
may. A young man arrived to-day, a lieu* in one of the 
regiments, gave 300 g s for his commission to a bro r officer. 
I forgot to mention to you that I am creditably informed 
Gov r Shirley will dispose of his blank commission for a 
cap* to one that was not on y e expedition ; surely you 
may, Sir, as well as he. You'l doubtless inlist what men 
you can for yo r regim* at Cape Breton ; some of them may 
incline to tarry. Major Mercer, in your regiment, arrived 
to-day in a transport for Annapolis, with 200 soldiers for 
y* garrison. I have just now thought of another thing 
whereby you may possibly serve my house. Gov r Shirley 
can do a great deal for a merchant here, and should he 
in time past have asked any thing of you, you may in 
return ask something now of him. I beleive your reco- 
mendation to him of M r Colrnan & myself would be of 
great service to us. M r Bastide has done great service 
for M r Apthorp and M r Hancock by letting them supply 
the garrison at Annapolis. Perhaps if you was to speak 
to him, you might engage him to do something for us, 
and when the engineers for Cape Breton arrive, their 
recommendation of us and yo r ' s to the Board of Ordnance 
might gain us the supply of the place, and in the mean 
time their own orders upon us might be sufficient. You'l 



easily know, Sir, who can serve us, & as you are so good 
as to give us leave to be free with you, and have even 
desired me to point out such ways to you as have occurred 
to me, I have taken the present liberty to mention the 
aforegoing, w ch are what I can think of at present. Should 
anything else appear to you, I shall rely on yo r kind 
assurances of a concern for my prosperity. I pray God 
to preserve your precious life, & to return you safely & 
speedily to yo r country & family. I am with inexpressible 
regard, Hon d & d r Sir, 

Y r ob fc son & servant. 

N. Spariiawk. 

Sir William Pepperrell. 


Annapolis Roy ll , Jan 1 ? 17 th , 1745 ; 6. 

Sir, — I have frequently thought from the freedoms 
you have allow'd me that I ought to have been one of the 
first to have saluted you with my congratulations upon 
your great success and much merited honours, but being 
willing to give place to my superiors, I do now, tho per- 
haps one of the last, venture to say that I as heartily 
rejoyce as any of them who went before me, or even those 
who may follow ; and as laurels you have purchased 
through a principle of almost unparalleled virtue, long 
may you live to enjoy them, and that you may return in 
triumph, loaded with the trophyes of honour to your 
desired home in safety to the further possession of the 
esteem of your country, & all other happiness, both in 
mind & body, is my sincere & hearty wish, which I like-*' 
wise hope will be the fate of all your brave coajutore.j 
Blessed be God, who hath got himself the victory, & made, 
you such a conspicuous instrument therein ! 

As you have heard me when with you in Boston talk; 

* For many years a member of the Council of Nova Scotia, and at one time Secret 
tarv. — Eds. 

1745-6.] LETTERS. 435 

of Nova Scotia, I think I may still presume to say. it's 
not a whit better than I then represented it ; for what is 
the strength of other provinces, the number of inhabitants, 
demonstrably adds to the weakness of this, and will do 
more and more as they increase, and at last if some means 
be not taken become as unprofitable, if not more, than a 
colony of rattlesnakes. And I can now call them no better, 
as they harbour, support and hold correspondence with 
the known enemy, for which they jesuitically plead a force 
major ; but their force and number being much superior 
to that of the enemy their inclination of joining them is 
so much the more apparent. And its very probable had 
these their provoking actions mett with a suitable return, 
they would have assisted them in a more hostile manner 
with their arms, and pleaded self-defence to vindicate 
their so doing. This pretence they really seem to me to 
have only wanted ; for their answer to Duvivier, when he 
was pressing them to revolt, being to this effect, as they 
themselves sett forth, " that as the English had not as yet 
given them the least provocation to carry arms against 
them, they would therefore so far observe the oath they 
had taken till they saw the white flagg flying in the fort," 
tho some of them did otherwise ; from thence it appearing 
they only wanted some slight provocation to favour their 
natural inclinations. I am therefore of opinion, and from 
what I have also observ'd, tho I may differ from others, 
that our Governor's prudent and seemingly mild gover- 
nment of these people, by some perhaps call'd by another 
name, has hitherto kept them from takeing arms, wisely 
judging it not a time, for want of proper force, to punish 
but only to remark delinquents, amongst whom in my 
humble opinion there are but few, if any, to be excepted, 
and they to be impartially examin'd and called to account 
for their actions, which they too well kriow this govern- 
ment can't possibly do, for want of the means aforesaid. 
However, I have some reason to beleive from what the 


Gov r has frequently told them, there own petitions, &c a , 
that they are afraid of your Province, and being thus 
conscious of their own deserts, I am apt to think that from 
hearing a flying report of a party of five hundred men to 
be detach'd from Louisbourg to Mines this winter that (if 
there be any truth of a number of Canadians being in this 
country, as it's said there is) they have come at the desire 
of the inhabitants to protect and defend them in the pos- 
session of their estates, or that, as we have had a report 
here of a grand expedition form'd by the British prov- 
inces on the continent against Canada, that they may 
have been sent here on purpose to divert that project, & 
to bring these forces rather hither for the defence of this. 
This at best is all conjecture, as we can have no certain 
intelligence of their design. However, it is said that the 
preists have orders from Quebeck to give their decimes 
towards the support of said Indians, by w T hich you may 
partly see the miserable state of this province, which I am 
afraid will ever be so while there is a majority at least of 
Frenchmen in it. It has also been reported that these 
Indians are in expectation of meeting with Duvivie and 
further succours, if not this winter, early in the spring, 
it being suggested or insinuated that he is either at St. 
Johns island, Gaspy, or in some harbour upon our eastern 
coast, and that amunition & warlike stores may be easily 
landed at Chiconecto, as Deloutre did this last fall the 
presents for the Indians. It's wish'd there was a good 
garrison there to stop that communication. 

Having thus communicated to you the cheif of our 
news, conjectures & reports and my own opinion of the 
inhabitants, I hope your goodness will excuse my freedom, 
being in great truth & sincerity, and that with all defer- 
ence & respect, Honourable Sir, 

Your Honour's most obed fc & most humble devoted 


W M Shirreff. i| 

Sir William r^:rPKi:iLL. 

1745-6.] LETTERS. 437 


My Lord Duke, — In my letters of y e 23 rd of Nov r to 
your Grace and the Admiralty (triplicates whereof I sent, 
which I make no doubt have been received) I informed 
you and their Lordships of the particular state of this 
garrison to that time ; and among other difficulties which 
we laboured under mention' d that of the sickness with 
which we were visited, especially the American forces, 
considerable numbers of whom it carried off before Gov r 
Shirley's departure from hence, the 27 th of Nov r , since 
w ch the weather has been so severe that we have had no 
account of his arrival at Boston, nor is it probable we shall 
have any vessell from thence till the beginning of March. 
M r Pepperrell and myself (who now write you this joint 
letter) have exerted ourselves to the utmost of our power 
in providing in the best manner for the security of the 
garrison, the support of the sick, and comfortable subsis- 
tence of the troops in general, but notwithstanding all 
our endeavours we have the mortification to find our- 
selves very much distressed for want of firewood and 
necessary refreshments for the sick, w ch together with the 
shatter' d condition of the houses & barracks, notwith- 
standing the repairs that have been made, doubtless con- 
tributes much to the continuance of the sickness among 
lis (we being well assured that this is naturally a healthy 
place). We flatter'd ourselves, indeed, that it would abate 
upon the approach of the cold weather, but to our very 
great concern we find that it rages more and more, inso- 
much that out of the number of 2470 alive at the time 
of M r Shirley's departure we have buried near 500 men, 
and have near 1100 sick. This being our unhappy situ- 
ation, and having before our eyes the prospect of its 
growing worse before succours can be sent to us, or the 
troops or store vessells from Europe can arrive, we think 


it our indispensable duty to send this express that your 
Grace may take such measures as you shall judge most 
conducive for securing to his Majesty and our country 
this valuable acquisition. M r Shirley knew our condition 
when he left us, and will use his endeavours with his own 
and the neighbouring colonies to procure men to reinforce 
us early in the spring ; and we shall not fail to represent 
the necessity of it to the several governm ts ourselves, tho* 
Ave fear the sickness here will so terrifie the people that 
it will be very difficult to prevail on them to come to our 
relief, therefore we must depend upon your Grace. We 
think it a great happiness to have kept the Vigilant & 
Chester here, as it has enabled us to garrison y e Grand 
Battery (w ch as we informd you before is dismantled of 
the heavy cannon) w tb seamen, and to bring the American 
troops into the town, the works of w ch are so extensive 
that they require a great number of men to guard and 
keep them in order, especially while we are so liable to 
surprize. For as we have no out settlements, nor any 
way of procuring intelligence of the motions of the ene- 
my, they may be very near & we not apprized of them, 
and it is impossible for us to prevent their knowing our 
circumstances by means of such of the inhabitants (to the 
number of 250 on this island, besides those on S k Johns) 
whom we could not transport, and who (tho ordered by 
us into y e town) are still out in the country concealing 
themselves to prevent their being sent to France, to w ch 
they are very averse. It must be our first care in the 
spring to remove them both from this and the island of 
S e John. And if it is thought proper to proceed to the 
settlement & peopleing of this conquest w th British sub- 
jects, we are of opinion as the harbour of S* Ann, about 
18 leagues from hence (a plan of which we inclose) is 
very commodious for the fishery, and has several im- 
proved farms about it, the produce of w ch will be very 
serviceable to this place, a little fort or castle with a few 

1745-6.] LETTEES. 439 

large cannon and a small detachment from this garrison 
will be very necessary, as well to protect such inhabitants 
as may settle there, as to hinder the French from getting 
possession of it by a squadron of ships or otherwise, 
since if they ever should it would be very difficult to dis- 
lodge them, the entrance, as y r Grace may observe, being 
shallow and very narrow. We shall only add on this 
head that the French themselves had so good an opinion 
of that harbour that it was a long time before their 
most ingenious engineers could come to a determination 
whether Louisbourg or S* Anns was the properer place to 
be fortified. Our being disappointed of the troops this 
fall may prove for the better, as they must have sufferd 
much for want of necessary food, cloathing, firing, and 
lodging. In order to accommodate them with the latter 
we have with the advice of the Council of War sent to 
New England for frames and other materials to make 
barracks of wood sufficient to lodge 2000 men with their 
officers, which will not be very expensive, and we hope 
to have them down this spring. But according to our 
judgment all the publick buildings here should be of brick 
or stone and slated, except such as are immediately 
wanted, which being built of w r ood may be soon run up, 
and serve for other uses when it shall be thought expedient 
to erect such as are more substantial. There are at 
present (besides one of wood erected by us capable of 
containing 240 men) barracks only for 600 men, and 
those much out of repair, tho that at the citadell is other- 
wise a very good and strong building of brick and stone. 
We are of opinion that three or four thousand troops are 
as few as this garrison and territory ought to be intrusted 
with till it is stock'd w th a number of inhabitants. For 
tho the French had never more than 800 regular forces 
here, they could in 3 days call in the peasants and fisher- 
men, which with the dwellers within the walls and in the 
subburbs made up about 5 or 6.000 well armed men. 


There are many repairs yet to be made ; and a powder 
magazine with casemates, bomb proof for the troops off 
of duty to rest in when besieged, are much wanted, be- 
sides several parts of the fortification not finished as the 
French intended, and as they are esteem' d good engi- 
neers, we think we can't do better than pursue their plan 
when his Majesty shall be pleasd to give directions for 
that purpose. 

And now we beg leave again to mention those points 
that we have already recommended to your Grace, such 
as a civil government, a free port for all his Majesty's 
subjects, a toleration to all Protestants, &c, as it will, we 
are persuaded, most effectually tend to make this acqui- 
sition answer the great expence it must unavoidably put 
the government to for some years to come. If the Amer- 
ican and West India trade are to make up here for con- 
voy home it would be proper to have a good careening 
place for his Majesty's ships and an hospital; and might 
it not during the war with France be a great security to 
our East India trade when they happen to be disappointed 
of the convoys intended them from England, or when 
sufficient ones cannot be spared, or upon losing comp a if 
they should whilst the season will permit (which it will 
from March to the middle of October) make this their 
rendevous, and that y e benefit of the convoy proposed in 
our former letters to go home twice a year from hence 
with all the trade of y e colonies as above. 

We have not had a syllable of news from England by 
any conveyance whatever since y e arrival of Cap* Rous 
in the Shirley frigate till about a week ago, when we had 
the disagreable account that the ship Rousby, Cap* Jo s 
Lock, was cast away the 27 th day of December ab* 2 
leagues from hence, and that every person (24 in number) 
perished, except three of the seamen, who are so much 
frozen and out of order that all we can learn of them is 
that they sailcl from England with several other ships, 

1745-6.] LETTERS. 441 

some for this place, under convoy of the Kingsale, and 
lost comp a near the banks of Newfoundland three weeks 
before this disaster befell them. We can't learn what 
quality 01 quantity of stores this ship, which is beat all 
to pieces, is laden with, nor what the consequence of 
this accident may be to this garrison ; therefore think it 
proper to be thus particular in our account of it, that the 
Admiralty and Navy Board may be able to act as they 
(who best know how it affects us) shall think most ad- 
viseable. If this vessel's cargo consisted of provisions 
only the loss to the government will be greater than the 
disappointment to us. The people who were saved tell 
us that among the drown'd are a surgeon for this place 
and one Maj r Bradstreet, brother to M r Pepperrell's Lieu- 
tenant Colonel. Where the Kingsale with the rest of the 
convoy are is very uncertain, but we can have no hopes 
of their arrival here, or the troops, till March or Aprill, 
and as they will probably come seperately upon this coast, 
'tis to be feared if the enemy should send a force superiour 
to ours earlier than the squadron that we may expect, 
many if not all the succours coming to us may fall into 
their hands, and how fatal such an event must be is 
too obvious. 

As there are many hollows and coverts near this city 
to favour the approach of an enemy in case of a siege, 
we apprehend the following number of brass mortars and 
royals will be of great advantage and use to dislodge 
them, viz*, 24 seven inch mortars, 24 royalls, with all 
the appurtenances compleat. We hope your Grace will 
pardon the liberty we take in recommending every thing 
that we apprehend will promote the good settlement and 
security of an acquisition that we think in its conse- 
quences, if properly managed, will make ample amends to 
our country for all the expence can bring upon 
her, in the promoting of w ch we shall continue to unite our 
best endeavours with the same good agreement w ch has 


hitherto subsisted between us. We are w th all dutiful 
regards, my Lord Duke, 

Y r Grace's most obed fc & most humble serv ts . 


Louisbourg, Jan 1 ^ 18 th , 1745. 

P. S. Since writing the above, we have an ace* by a 
small vessell in 30 days from Boston that Gov r Shirley 
was safely arrived there, but have not a syllable of any 
other news. 


Louisbourg, Jau^ 28, 1746.* 

Your Excell 7 on your departure from hence was so 
well acquainted with the state of this garrison that we 
have only to advise you the sickness which you left 
among us has continued to rag;e to such a decree that 
from y c List of Nov. to this date we have buried 561 
men, and have at this time 1100 sick. We flatter our- 
selves from y e burials of three or four days past not 
ainount g to more than 3, 4, & 5 of a day, w n before 
w T ere generally from 14 to 17, that the distemper abates. 
However, it has reducd us to less than a thousand men 
capable of doing duty in the garrison. We think our- 
selves indispensably obleged by the trust reposed in us 
to lay our weakness open to y r Excel 7 that you and the 
Legislature of your province may (w th the same laudable 
zeal w ch you have exerted thro' the whole of an expe- 
dition that lias added to the British dominions an acqui- 
sition of inestimable value) take the most effectual 
measures for securing the possession of it against any 
attempt of the enemy, who may probably make as 

* This letter was copied into the Letter-Book out of chronological order, and Pepperrell's 
clerk no douht substituted the New Style date for the year instead of the date in the 
original letter. The handwriting shows that the copy was made in great haste. — Eds. 

1745-6.] LETTERS. 443 

vigorous a push as possible to regain it, and that before 
the troops which were intended by his Majesty can arrive 
here, if they are even set out from Gibraltar. We there- 
fore apprehend it necessary as all humane undertakings 
are liable to various miscarriages, to guard against the 
many w ch those troops (of w ch we have not heard a 
syllable since you left us) are exposed to in their pas- 
sage so late in the season as they were expected to 
embark for this place. And as you have been advis'd 
that it is his Maj. royal intention to establish two regi- 
ments of the Americans here, for their encouragement 
and the protection of this garrison, it will be necessary 
as those troops who are here at present, or at least the 
greatest part of them, are in hopes of returning home 
upon the terms promised by your proclamation at their 
first inlistment, to make new levies to relieve them, if 
even the regular troops from Europe should arrive in 
due time, for if after that we should pretend to keep 
them, we may reasonably expect they will be very 
uneasy. Upon the whole we are well assured we need 
not use any argument to induce y r Excellency to pursue 
all the means in your power, both with your own gov- 
ern* by your authority and influence, and by the latter 
with all the neighbouring ones, to whose Governours w r e 
now write circular letters upon this subject, that may be 
most conducive to the security of a conquest, the value 
of w ch to our country in general, and the colonies in 
particular, you are so well acquainted with, w ch was no 
doubt the motive that induced your Excell y to take so 
much pains in forming and carrying into execution the 
plan for the reduction of it to his Maj ys obedience, w ch 
has been so happily effected. We have tho't it necessary 
to send an express home, who saild y e 23 rd inst, but 
would have gone y e 18 th , had the wind permitted, to 
apprise his Grace the Duke of Newcastle of our scituation, 
as we do by this y r Excell y . If we should not be dis- 


turbd by y e French in the spring we presume the 1 st 
thing proper to undertake will be y e getting the French 
from y e isl d of S fc Johns, if they don't prevent us by going 
to Canada, and transporting them and those that remain 
on this island to France, agreable to the capitulation, 
for we are of opinion none of them are to be trusted. 
In order to perform this service we shall want several 
small vessels, some of them armd, and we believe Cap fc 
Tyng's ship will be very necessary ; of this y r Excell y 
will be a good judge. We are greatly distress' d for fire- 
wood & necessary refreshm ts for the sick. We hope 
quantities of fresh provisions will be sent when vessels 
can pass, for no expence should be put in competition 
with that of saving the lives of his Majesty's subjects 
who have done so much service. Medicines, the doctors 
say, are much wanted, and we fear the loss of many 
in the ship Rousby, w ch was wreck'd and beat to pieces 
the 27 th last month within two leagues of this place, and 
out of 24 every soul perish'd, except three of the com- 
mon saylors. Among the unfortunate was Col. Brad- 
street's brother, and Doc r Eliot w th his son, who it seems 
was formerly surgeon at Canso, and was appointed to 
this garrison or hospital, so that tis probable his stock 
of drugs are lost with him. We can't learn for certain 
what this ship was laden with, but we beleive provision. 
However, we have apprised the Duke of Newcastle and 
the Admiralty of the loss of this ship, who will be the 
best judges how far this garrison will be affected by it, 
and how to redress it. Nor can we learn from y e people 
that were saved more than that she saild from England 
w th ab' 24 sail, five or six of them storeships for this 
garris", under convoy of the Kinsale, with whom they 
parted in a gale of wind near the banks of Newfoundland 
ab* 3 weeks before their misfortune. Where they are 
is uncertain, but we hope some of them may be got to 
Boston, and that you will hurry them down to us. M r 

1745-6.] LETTERS. 445 

Warren writes to the Captain of the convoy, if there, 
to join him here with the storeships as soon as possible. 
We have had pretty severe weather since the middle 
of December, and some ice, but not to hinder vessels 
from getting into the harbour. We beg y r Excell y will 
hurry down y e materials for the barracks w ch we wrote 
for to Mess rs Apthorp & Sparhawk, as they will be much 
wanted for the reception of y e regular troops should they 
arrive, and indeed for those you and the rest of the 
colonies may send us. Nothing more occurs to us at 
present, proper for y r information. When any does we 
sha'n't fail to endeavour to give you the earliest advice, 
being with great regard, S r , 

Y r Excell y ' s most obed fc hum. serv ts . 

P. W. W. P. 


Boston, Feb? 9 th , 1745. 

Sir, — Four days ago I wrote to your Excellency at 
large by Lieuten* Auchmuty, desiring your leave for him 
to beat his drums for raising voluntiers for my regiment 
within your govern m*, w ch I hope you have before now 
received. I now trouble you with the same request in 
favour of M r Byfield Lyde, and shall take your good offices 
done him as an obligation to myself. As your Excellency 
and myself are under the same circumstances with respect 
to M r Belcher, I am in hopes y* your generosity of temper 
will not discourage M r Lyde, who is the best of the family 
and reduc'd very much in circumstances, in his pursuit of 
a commission from me (w ch I strain a point to give him) 
by procuring me some men. If it would interfere w th 
your good offices to Capt n Mason (who is sure of his com- 
mission, be his success in recruiting what it will), I would 
not trouble you with this request. But since the arrival 
of my own and Sir William Pepperell's commissions I 


have given permission to the recruiting officer of Gen 1 
Dalziel's regiment in the Leward Islands to beat up for 
recruits here, tho I question whether he has the King's 
special order for doing it, as Sir William and I have for 
raising them in the Northern Colonies, and it is an unlucky 
time for other officers to be recruiting here. I inclose you 
the copy of a paragraph of a letter from M r Cranston of 
Newport to M r Caswell of this place, w ch I hope may be 
true, especially in the first article as to the main substance 
of it. I am, in haste, with great esteem, Sir, 

Your Excellency's most obedient, humble seiV. 

W. Shirley. 

His Exc 11 Gov r Wextworth. 


To Sir William Pepperrell, Baronet, Lieutenant General of the New 
England Forces at Cape Breton. These. 

Dear Sir, — This waits upon 3-011 at the desire and on 
the behalf of M r Loyd. He tells me all uneasiness be- 
tween him and the Governour is removed, and that the 
Governour has been so good as to promise that he shall 
have the first vacancy in his regiment of a captain, upon 
condition that you will make the like engagement, that 
he shall have the first vacancy in your regiment. I know 
your readiness to oblige any gentlemen of your acquain- 
tance, and particularly a gentleman so nearlj r allied to 
Governour Belcher and Col. By field, for w m you had a 
great value. What your engagements to others are, or 
how far you may be able to comply w th this desire, I know 
not. But this I know, that M r Loyd greatly needs some 
such help fin. his friends, and tis pity one wh. has 
lived well, and descended fin. such valuable friends, sh d 
come to nothing, as I fear he will, if some such provision 
is not made for him as is proposed. I doubt not you will 

1745-6.] LETTERS. 447 

take his case into consideration, and as the Governour 
has been so good as to distinguish him by a promise of 
favour, I hope, if you can, you will be ready to do the 
same. Many of his friends, who are also your friends, 
would be greatly obliged to you. 

I have been in a poor state of health almost ever since 
you went fm. New England, and am now brot. low. If I 
cant soon get help, I shall not continue a great while. 
My disease is an inveterate colick w cl1 returns very often, 
and is obstinate w 7 ith all the medicines I have been able 
as yet to use. I hope your health is firm, and that God 
will preserve it, and soon make way for your return home. 
I sh d be glad to see you again; but tis best to leave the 
government of all affairs to the w T isclom of Providence. 
God knows what is best, better y n we do. I doubt not 
you will beleive me w n I say, that I do w th my whole 
soul wish your prosperity in this world, and a better. 
Farewell, I am 

Your loving brother & assured friend. 

Charles Chauncy. 

Boston, Feb. 14 th , 1745/6. 

All friends desire to be remembred to you. 

As you have liberty to draw for considerable sums at 
home, I sh d be glad if you could so order it that our son 
Townsend may have a bill for an hundred and fifty or 
two hundred pounds sterling. He will pay the mony 
to any body you please if he may have a bill. 


Louisbourg, Feb r ? 20 th , 1745. 

Sir, — My last to your Excell 7 was of the 8 th instant, 
since w ch I am not favoured w tb a line from you. I should 
have been glad to have known what directions are come 
concerning the two American regiments proposed to be 


raised for this place, but as I have no letters from any of 
the officers that are arrived at Boston, I remain intirely 
in the dark how I am to proceed. 'Tis said here that 
some blank commissions sent from Eng d are arrived in 
Boston. I should be glad to know if anv of them are to 
be at my disposal, as I am since my last to y r Excell y in- 
formd by some of the officers here that if they w r ere 
assured of being establish'd only as subaltans they could 
inlist a number of men here. I am informd that M r 
Bastide has a letter from your Lieu* Colonel to proceed 
in such a method, but what he has done thereon I can't 
say, I having been ill this three weeks, and have not 
seen him. 

I hope the sickness is dayly abating, the funerals being 
considerably decreasd lately. Among those lately dead 
are the Kev d M r Spear, one of the chaplains sent by y e 
Mass* Province, and the Rev d M r Backus, a chaplain sent 
from Connecticut, and this day died Col. Shubael Gorham. 

Tho all that engaged on y e expedition against this 
place have merited much, I think those have exceeded 
who have tarried here thro the winter at the risque of 
their lives from a terrible pestilence, and in hazard of 
starving w th cold for want of fuel, as well as enduring 
many other hardships which those avoided who returnd 
to New England. 

I took care that the schooners which came here with 
fresh provisions for the sick were unladen without any 
delay, and they might have returnd forthwith, but being 
fearfull of the severity of the weather they delayd it a 
few days, in w ch time a hard storm of wind & snow has 
obliged them to cut awav their masts ; but I have en- 
deavourd to get them refitted by M r Warren's assistance 
of them, so that they may lose as little time as possible. 

Doc r Whitworth is returnd some time since to the care 
of my regiment, for w ch y r Excell 7 was pleasd when here 
to give him a warrant. I esteem him a deserving young 

1745-6.] LETTERS. 449 

gen 11 , and should be glad if he could be confirm'd surgeon 
to my regim*, agreable to what y r Excell y mentiond to 
me here, but I hear there is one arrived from Eng d at 
Boston. 'Tis said there were 2 or 3 surgeons for this 
place on board y e ship that was lately wreckd on this 
island. What vacancy may be occasiond by their deaths 
I cant say. I impatiently wait the favour of a line from 
y r Excel 7 , & am 

Y r most obed fc hum. serv*. 

W. P. 


Louisbourg, Feb r y 28 th , 1745. 
Sir, — Inclosed is a copy of my last to your Excel- 
lency, since which no vessell is arrived here. Yesterday 
M r Bastide by letter communicated to me a paragraph of 
a letter from Col. Ellison to him, w ch he received near a 
fortnight ago, by Cap fc Gould, wherein Col. Ellison men- 
tions that you have wrote at large to me and M r Waldo 
on the head of raising men out of the troops here for the 
two American regiments, and tho those letters are not 
come to hand M r Bastide has desired my leave to raise 
men accordingly. Upon w ch I took the advice of the 
Council of War this morning, who are of opinion that as 
your letters may be hourly expected in w ch I am to have 
directions at large on that head, it is best to suspend any 
proceedings of that kind for the present, w ch advice I 
have inform'd M r Bastide of, and shall take care that it 
be observed by the other officers here, Col. Bradstreet 
having engaged several to inlist with him when the corps 
in w ch they now serve shall be disbanded. If your Ex- 
cell 7 should think fit that our officers should raise what 
men they respectively can here, and also in New England, 
for the joint benefit of the two regiments I shall act ac- 
cordingly when I have your opinion & directions which I 



shall always endeavour to follow. My design is to take 
a voyage for England next summer in hopes of recover- 
ing my health, but shall wait on y r Excell cy first to receive 
y r commands. I am 

Your most obedient humble servant. 

W. P. 


Louisbourg, March 8 th , 1745/6. 

S R , — We wrote you late last fall, desiring to know if 
you had heard any thing of two French captive Indians 
sent by us into y e Bay Verte, to treat with the chief of 
their tribes in Nova Scotia upon a peace which we had 
been informd they were very much inclind to, and to 
induce some of them to come here to ratifie such articles 
as should be agreed upon for the better keeping up a 
mutual good harmonv between us and them for the 
future, but having rec d no answer from you on that head, 
we take this first opportunity of concerting the best 
measures we can with you for bringing the Nova Scotia 
Indians over to the interest of his Majesty, or at least to 
a strict neutrality during the war, that your garrison 
may be no more disturb'd, nor the intercourse that may 
be necessary between New England and this place inter- 
cepted by those Indians in any ports of Nova Scotia, 
especially on the south side where vessels must no doubt 
often be put in by contrary winds. We apprehend that 
as his Maj y has, upon being apprized of the good dispo- 
sition of y e Nova Scotia Indians to make peace with his 
subjects, directed considerable presents to be sent hither 
for them, which we may dayly expect, that the most 
effectual method will be to direct some of your deputies 
in Nova Scotia who are least attachd to the French 
interest to prevail on the chiefs of y e Indians to come here 

1745-6.] LETTERS. 451 

with them, in order to treat, and upon an agreement to 
receive the presents intended for them and the assur- 
ances we can give of his Maj y ' s gracious intention and 
good will towards those poor, deluded people. If this 
should have the desird effect you'll be so good as to 
inform us of any articles necessary for us to insist upon 
in such a treaty for y e good of your government, the 
neighbouring colonies, and that of his Maj. subjects in 
general. We think in this case it would not be improper 
to send an intelligent person of y r garrison here with 
them, who may be a party to y e treaty and let us more 
fully into your sentiments than you can do by letter, 
and at the same time may assure the Indians that they 
may depend upon the most humane treatment, as well 
as security, and upon their being sent home to their 
places of abode whether the intended treaty succeeds or 
not. It is reported that some Indians and French are 
assembling in Nova Scotia, but as you have not apprizd 
us of it, we dont give great credit to it, and the less 
because we are told you have the ordnance packet to 
send to us upon any intelligence of consequence. 

We conceive (however, submit it to y r better judg- 
ment) that it is a very great indulgence not to insist upon 
the people's bearing arms for his Maj y in Nova Scotia, 
and acting in every respect as subjects; by what right 
or pretence they claim this, you are the best judge, but 
we think it would be but reasonable that they should 
at least keep the Indians upon the peninsula of Nova 
Scotia neuters, as they have it so much in their power 
by their superiority in numbers, as well as their situ- 
ation upon the istmus that joins it to the continent. 

M r Maliare, a Jesuit of this place, informd us that 
all the Nova Scotia Indians, men, women, & children, 
including those of this island, and that of S* Johns, was 
not above 800, which bears no proportion w th the whites 
who, tis said, are 5,000 fighting men. This admitted, it 


would surely be but reasonable to make reprisals upon 
the Nova Scotians, if they sufferd the Indians to molest 
or kill any of his Maj y subjects within the limits of your 
govern 1 , when it is so much in their power to prevent 
them. Upon the whole something should be done to 
keep these neutral French, as they are called, within 
proper bounds, and if you will please to represent their 
behaviour to us, that such measures may be taken from 
hence as shall be tho't most effectual to keep them in 
due obedience to his Majesty, you never can have a 
better opportunity of doing it than at this time, when 
we are in possession of the Key to Canada. If the 
Indians should not be prevaild upon to come here, it 
will be necessary to send some of y r deputies to us to 
settle a method and terms of supplying this garrison, 
which, I am told, they did when in the French posses- 
sion, even in war, with all such provisions and other 
necessaries of life as they may produce, and that shall 
not be absolutely wanted for their own consumption, or 
for that of the garrison of Annapolis. This will be a 
means of distressing any enemy that may come into 
their country to molest them or you, or that may make 
it in their way to disturb us here. We have wrote to 
Gov r Shirley, desiring he will order some of the vessels 
from Itoston to this place to call on you for intelligence. 

We find there are some deserters here, both from y e 
navy and army, and as we did upon this expedition to 
encourage such to behave well promised that we would 
solicit their pardons, we must intreat you to send six or 
eight blank discharges for any whom we shall find here 
that may have deserted from General Philips's regiment, 
in doing which you will oblige us, and prevent our giv- 
ing the secretary of War any trouble upon this head. 

M r Warren is of opinion that as you have kept the 
ordnance tender all the winter for the service of your 
garrison, the best method of defraying her expence, w ch 

1745-6.] LETTEKS. 453 

should commence from the time of your taking her out 
of the ordnance pay, will be by your draft on the Com- 
missioners of the Navy, citing in y r letter of advice the 
paragraph of M r Warren's to you dated 30 th Nov r last, 
desiring you would keep her to send express to this place 
with any intelligence of consequence. He will be glad 
to know if you approve of this method, and thinks it 
will be improper to keep her longer than shall be abso- 
lutely necessary, and even in that case you should 
acquaint the Admiralty of y r doing so, and of the neces- 
sity there is of a small armd vessel to attend on your 
garrison during the war, and M r Warren will with pleas- 
ure join in such a representation. If the French and 
Indians within your government should refuse to come 
into reasonable terms, we hope it will be in our power 
to assist you with men and ships of war to oblige them 
to it, the squadron and troops being dayly expected 
from Gibraltar, and store ships from Eng d , with a large 
quantity of ordnance stores and provisions ; among the 
former there are a great number of heavy cannon, mor- 
tars, shells, wall peisces, w th all appurtenances proper for 
them, w ch will make this garrison impregnable. We are, 
w th great regard, S r , 

Y r most obed. hum. serv ts . 

W. P. P. W. 

P. S. In a former letter we left it to your consider- 
ation whether some method of corresponding with you 
without hazard could not be found by way of Bay Verte, 
or some of the bays or harbours on the south side of 
Nova Scotia, without being obligd to go round Cape 
Sables. You'll please in your next to communicate your 
thoughts upon this. 



To the Hon ble S r William Pepperrell, Bart., Lieu fc Gen 1 
and Command' in Chief of his Majesty's Army in Louis- 
burg, &c\ 

The petition of John Newman, Clerk, humbly sheweth : 
That his Majesty, in consideration of your Honour's 
loyalty, courage, and fidelity in the expedition against 
this place, which under the divine conduct and blessing 
was crown' d with a most remarkable and glorious success, 
having been graciously pleas'd among other distinguishing 
marks of his favour to appoint you Collonel of one of his 
regiments of foot, as it is altogether improbable that your 
own chaplain, the Rev d M r Moody, by reason of his great 
age and the charge he is already intrusted with in New 
England, will ask a favour which doubtless on that ac- 
count, as well as for his superior merritand shining piety, 
you will think in point of honour and justice should be 
offer'd him, viz., that of being your Honour's chaplain on 
the establishment. Your petitioner, presuming on that 
strict regard your Honour has ever shown to justice and 
being willing, even to the day of his death, to serve his 
Majesty under so fortunate, brave, and generous a com- 
mander, humbly begs the favour of your Honour (with 
whom alone this disposal of it lies) to give him a warrant 
for that place, and that not only as (upon M r Moody's 
refusal) he humbly conceiv's your Honour will think it 
belongs to him by succession, having had the honour & 
pleasure to serve as chaplain to the second regiment of 
the forces under your command in the aforemention'd 
expedition, but as also upon the first request of his Collon' 1 , 
and of some of the members of the Honourable Committee 
of War in Boston, he readily return' d, tho' in a hazzardous 

* Born in Gloucester, Mass., March 14, 171(5, graduated at Harvard College in 1740, 
ordained at Edgartown in 1748, and died there, Dec. 1, 17G3. — Eds. 

1745-6.] LETTERS. 455 

and difficult season of the year, to his duty in this garri- 
son, from which indeed he would not till this time have 
been once absent had not a growing indisposition of body, 
which at his arrival there confin'd him for some consider- 
able time, obliged him to petition your Honour for leave 
to go home. Moreover your petitioner humbly conceiv's 
that your Honour will think him intitled to your favour 
on the abovemention'd account, not only in that of all 
the chaplains who left the place, after hav'ing had the 
honour to accompany you in the service, he alone return'd, 
being willing to venture his life at any time, if in any 
shape he might contribute to the mentainance of an ac- 
quisition obtain'd with so much honour and glory to his 
country, but also in that he has contentedly gone thro' 
the hardships of a cold & tedious winter, and actually 
exposed his life & health to the most imminent danger by 
constantly visiting numbers of those who were sick of 
that terrible contagious distemper which has deprived 
this garrison of so many hunder'ds of your brave men. 
But that I mayn't intrude too far upon your Honour's 
patience by troubling you with many words I conclude, 
not doubting but that as his Majesty, whose princely 
generosity & impartial justice did not suffer him to bestow 
those rewards which he thought due to the Lieut* General, 
&c a , in the expedition aforesaid for his conduct & bravery 
on any other, much less on one who had no share in the 
glorious toils of the siege, has been graciously pleas'd to 
do justice to you, your Honour in imitation of his royal 
example (as you have intirely in your power) will do the 
same by the second chaplain, and reward the little share 
he had in the fatigues of the champain, by granting this 
his humble petition. And then, as in duty bound will 
ever pray, Your Hon r ' s 

Most obed* serv* & humble petitioner. 

John Newman. 

Louisbourg, 15 March, 1745. 



Kitteuy, 16 th March, 1745. 
Hon d & dear Sir, — Since I returned home from 
Boston, where I was all winter, I have had the honour of 
receiving yours of the 28 th Jan y by Cap* Branscom, which 
I shall make the needfull reply to, and advise you of 
any material occurrences since my last from Boston, as 
while I was there I wrote you a great many very long 
letters, which, though they had not got to hand at y e 
writing of your aforementioned letter, are now I hope all 
with you. I am very glad to find you repeating vour 
assurances of returning to your country and family as 
soon as the Gibraltar troops arrive. I have now the joy 
to acquaint you that there is 1700 brave fellows with 
their officers from thence safely arrived at Virginia and 
New York, and my letters from the westward advised me 
that they would sail on or before the 16 th of this month. 
I pray God they may speedily all safe arrive with you, 
and that then you'l again make us happy in your safe 
return, for which I am more earnest and sollicitous than 
I can possibly express. As farr as I can judge its quite 
necessary for your interest in most respects that you 
should be at home. I have in time past been very free 
in instancing to you in this regard that I need not be 
particular now, saving as to y e recruiting of your regi- 
ment, upon w ch I would observe that Gov r S y is 

leaving no means untryed in order to fill his up, and you 
may depend upon it if he compleats his number before 
you that he will make a merit of it in England, w ch I 
apprehend to be a matter of very great importance. I 
was in hopes he would have left this country to you, or, 
as there is an Indian warr and the towns on our frontier 
very much thinned of men, that none would have been 

taken from us. But since his Ex y has wrote to all 

the military and civil officers insisting with them for as 

1745-6.] LETTERS. 457 

many men as they can get for him, and for one certain, 
it must behove us to do all we can for your regiment, 
and I have not omitted any means in my power. I have 
wrote to all that you looked upon as your friends in the 
county, and I spoke to as many others. But I don't 
expect much success 'till some New England men are in 
commission to beat up for you. This I mentioned long 
since to you, & it grows more & more necessary. I have 
in the mean time desired Coll Ryan to send me two of 
his best officers, & Cap* Wentworth & our cousin the 
Carver have promised to ride with them (as I shall my- 
self & so will my bro r as far as Berwick, Welles, &c.) to 
the towns at any considerable distance. I have talked 
with Cap* Newmarsh, and he has assured me if Andrew 
Watkins comes up, as I have heretofore mentioned, that 
he can get a good number of men for you. There is a 
young gen n at Boston, the son of M r William Coffin, who 
has such friends (among w ch his uncle Eben r Holmes is a 
considerable one) that they would not value spending a 
few hundred pounds to get him a comp a if he might have 
a lieutenancy, w ch they have desired me to acquaint you 
with. There is one Grant of Salem, who, I am told, can 
get men ; but whosoever has your commissions, it appears 
to be quite necessary that they should be up here and at 
work forthwith. But yet there is a much greater neces- 
sity of your own presence in the affair, and it will be a 
vast saving to you if you can be soon upon the spot. I 
hope you have been able to recruit a good number for 
yo r regiment at Cape Breton, which will also save you 
considerable. But I apprehend if you can speedily get 
home that the face of things will be very much changed. 
When a man has been absent so long as you have then 
there is a party sett up in opposition to him & his inter- 
est. Its not to be wondered at if he is deserted by his 
pretended friends, when comon experience almost daily 
proves that there is but little true friendship in the 


world, unless between husband & wife, parents & 
children, & perhaps a few (but very few though) other 

Some designing & ill natured persons in order to ripen 
their scheme & render it successfull, w ch scheme I hinted 
to you was on foot long ago, have employed persons 
from the westward to come as farr as Kittery and to 
represent to some of our inhabitants concerning my 
conduct at Court things as big with falsehood as the 
authours are full of malice, hereby to prevent if they can 
my going to Court next year, w ch being accomplished 
they think it would be more easy to drop you from the 
Councell then otherwise ; and this you may depend will 
be attempted. Now give me leave to say that if I dont 
go to Court, Leighton (who is no friend to the family) 
will, and though I can hardly think his interest will 
exceed mine, yet if you think it proper, as Cap* Staple 
is, I hear, coming up, I suppose you could easily engage 
his interest, and if you was to write to some of your 
acquaintance in town, viz., Major Cutt, Cap* Gullison, 
Carver Dering, Cap* Newmarsh, M r Jn° Dennet, it might be 
of service. I know they are all in our interest except 
the former, and if his bro r Thomas setts up I suppose 
he'll have his interest. But y n a line from you would 
spurr them up to greater industry. I do assure you that 
lam no otherwise concerned abo* this affair then for y e 
reasons I have mentioned to you, and that I have the 
vanity to think the town & country will be as safe with 
me as with my enemy Leigh — n. You know, Sir, that 
the next year in all probability everything respecting 
Cape Breton will be debated at Court in order to a 
settlem*, and as you will be most nearly concerned in 
many respects, both in point of reputation & interest, 
and as there are certainly some inveterate enemys to you 
at Court who would have a much greater advantage to 
injure you if you were not in the administration, I 

1745-6.] LETTERS. 459 

should think it very necessary for you to hold your place 
one year more, if you always declined it in future, and 
you will certainly if you can get up in April, I make no 
doubt. Thus much I have thought it my duty to write 
you, which I submit to your wisdom & consideration. 

I observe Cap* Douglas is sending up a small vessell to 
load live stock. I shall be very proud of being usefull 
to that gen n in any of his comands, & I should esteem it 
a favour if you would please to let him know it, & at 
same time make my compliments to him. I am very 
glad the sickness and mortality abates at Luisbourg. I 
desire forever to be thankfull that you have been spared, 
& I pray God you may long be continued a great blessing 
to your country & family. My wife desires me to make 
her most gratefull acknowledgments for writing of her so 
kind & affectionate a letter by Cap fc Branscom. She will 
write you an answer in a day or two. In the mean time 
she sends her duty, as does our little boy, who we long 
you should see. 

I doubt not M r Apthorp & M r Column have kept you 
& the Admiral constantly advised of their proceedings. 
I have been employed here in getting the girders & 
beams, oak & pine Joyce, &c, and they would have been 
shipt 'ere now, but our rivers are but just open. I have 
hired a sloop of 75 tons & Cap* Branscom's schooner, 
which will load lumber chiefly, and bring 5 or 600 p r 
shoes, some mollasses, sheet lead, &c, and by these ves- 
sells I shall do myself the honour of writing you & the 
Admiral the needfull. In the mean time be pleased to 
present him my best respects, and mine & M rs Sparhawk's 
to his lady. You need not have mentioned Aunt Tyler 
to me upon the occasion you did, for upon my going to 
Boston the beginning last Decem r I ordered her the sup- 
ply of our vessells, & among the rest a large ship of near 
300 tons, w ch we have taken the freedom to call the 
Pepperrell. She would have had also the supply of all 


the hardware demanded by you & the Admiral, but as 
M r Apthorp has a relation in the busyness \v ch he claimed 
one half for, my aunt could have only the other half. 
You may depend I will do her all the service I can, & 
that I shall always look on y r friends my own. I hope 
you'l be able to send another mem very soon for the 
garrison, and that it may be for as many things as will be 
wanted for many months, or you may be prevented & we 
loose the busyness, w ch wont I fear last very long, as its 
rumoured that some gentlemen in England have con- 
tracted for it. 

I am very sorry for the loss of the ship Molineaux and 
the gen a & people ab d of her, also for the loss of the 

M r Pratt, who I made your attorney in the article of 
prises has sent to England at my request to M r Bollam an 
exemplification of the case or tryal of Richardson's prise, 
and there will be your power wanted by M r Bollam, so I 
hope you'l by the 1° opp° send M r Colman 3 or 4 of them, 
witnessed by some persons bound to Boston to prove 
them, that he may claim your ^gth w ch you have an 
undoubted right to. As I shall address you again very 
soon I would only add that your dear lady, my good 
Mother Pepperrell, is constantly mourning yo r absence, 
nor can you imagine how much she sufferrs on that acco\ 
I cannot but hope she & yo r children will now be very 
soon blessed with your return ; and that it may be safe, 
speedy, & happy is the most ardent wish of one who 
with the greatest affection and highest respect is, hon d 
& dear Sir, 

Y r most ob fc son & devoted hum. serv fc . 

N. Spariiawk. 

P. S. I must own, & I fully agree with you, that its 
quite barbarous that you should be treated in N. Engl' 1 as 
you have been by many, & I bcleive if you can return 

1745-6.] LETTERS. 461 

soon, it will be out of the power of yo r enemys to preju- 
dice you. I am sure no man could deserve better from 
his country then you do, and its from envy, as our 
friend Brigadier Waldo writes me, that you have been so 
ill used. I promise myself you wont suffer such schrnbs 
to give you much uneasyness. Please to make my com- 
pliments to the Brigadier & any enquiring friends. 

Y r most ob* son. 

N. Sparhawk. 

Sir William Pepperrell, Bart. 


To the Hon hle S r William Pepperell, Baronett, Comander of his 
Maj tles Forces at Louisbourgh. f 1 M r GersJiom Flagg. 

Boston, March 18 th , 1745/6. 

Hon d & dear S R , — I am to acknowledge your favour 
of y e 3 d Decemb r last, for which am much obliged. I am 
very sorry to hear there has been so great a mortality 
since that date. May it please God to preserve y e lives 
of those that remain, & yours in particular, & that you 
may be returned to yo r family & to your country to whom 
you have been so serviceable, & to whom you have in- 
deared yo r self. I shall most heartily rejoyce to see y e 
happy day of your return. This waits on you by my 
neighbour M r Flagg who comes to make a visit to his 
relations and friends at Louisburgh, & to see how he may 
be of service in his occupation. He is one of y e best 
carpenters & plummers in y e country, & fit to be overseer 
& master workman in both those trades, & none can go 
beyond him in dispatch & goodness of work. However 
he needs not my recomendation. You'l soon find him 
as I say. As vast supplys of all stores from hence will be 

* Son of Rev. Joseph Sewall. born May 2, 1715, graduated at Harvard College in 1733, 
and died Jan. 19, 1771. He was a merchant. See t Mass. Hist. Coll., vol. v. p. xxx ; see 
also note ante, p. 413. — Eds. 


wanting, if yon would direct your agents to let me come 
in for a small share in my way should be much obliged, 
as you know since my misfortune I have been in y e ship 
chandler & ironmonger business. I am sensible your 
Sister Tyler is in y e same business. I cannot expect but 
you will serve her. But as there must be great supply s, 
if I could have some part shall gratefully acknowledge it, 
& am with y e utmost esteem & regard, 

Yo r most obliged & obed fc humble serv*. 

Sam l Sewall. 

My dutiful regards to y e Admiral, if } 7 ou please. 



Portsmouth, March 18 th , 1745. 

Gentlemen, — I am favourd with your joynt letter of 
25 th Jan y past T Cap fc Branscomb, & in consequence of the 
application you have made to me for a reinforcement of 
troops from this Province to sustain the garrison of Louis- 
burg, & in order to releive the troops allready in the pay 
of this government, I have given my order for raiseing 100 
men. By the account I rec d from Coll Moore in Novem- 
ber New Hampshire had in her pay two hundred & eleven 
men, which by sickness & death in his last account were 
reduced to 180, which is our quota to 2300 on the Mass a 
pay, and if the Mass* had their full quota & the other 
gov ts had theirs, the garrison must have had near four 
thousand men in November. This is the calculation I 
make in respect to the severall governments which are ns 
much interested in preserving that valuable acquisition 
to the Crown as New Hampshire is, but whether they 
have done as much in proportion to their abilities & con- 
sidering the great frontier we defend, you must be best 
able to judge of. 

1745-6.] LETTERS. 463 

Upon my communicating your letter to my Assembly 
they proposed the subsisting and paying the one hundred 
men I had order'd to be raised for reinforceing the garri- 
son of Louisburg for six months, provided I would give my 
assent to a further emission for defreying the expence, but 
the present circumstances I am under in regard to a further 
emission without his Majesty's leave renders it impossible, 
haveing from the first setting forward the expedition 
against Louisburg violated his Majesty's Instructions to 
me respecting emitting paper mony, but it being so 
immediately for the service of the Crown I presumed to 
do it, & without it I could not have been in any way 
instrumental to the effecting the great conquest that was 
made ; therefore I am hopeing the next ships will bring 
me the King's approbation of what I have done. & until I 
receive his leave, w ch I have wrote for, I dare not give 
my consent to any mony bill that may be proposed by 
the Assembly. 

The recruiting for Governor Shirley's and S r William 
Pepperrell's regiment in this Province makes it very diffi- 
cult to raise men ; however, I am in no doubt but that I 
shall be able to raise the 100 men I have given orders for 
by the time Cap* Brooks can be here, for which reason I 
must desire you give the necessary orders for her dispatch, 
that he may return with all expedition, & if you are under 
a great necessity for men, it will be proper that I am 
impower'd to draw on the proper officers for the charges 
that may arise on inlisting & transporting these 100 men, 
in case his Majesty's leave to me should not arrive before 
the men are ready to imbark, w ch proposall I hope you 
will judge necessary for his Majesty's service. 

Two of the Gibralter transports are arrived at New York, 
all the rest at Maryland & Virginia. The pilots are gone 
from Boston, & the time appointed for sailing is the 25 th 
of this month. I wish them safe with you. 

On the arrival of Cap* Brannscomb I express' d your 


letters to Governor Shirley, to be forwarded by express 
by him to the respective Governors as directed. I am, 
with great respect & esteem, gentlemen, 

Your most obed fc humble servant. 

B. Wextworth. 

His Excellency Peter Warren, Esq r & S r William Pepperrell, 
Bar 1 . 


To the Honorable Sir William Pepperrell, Baronet, Lieutenant 
General and Comander in Chief of his Majesty's New England 
Troops. At Louisbourg. By Cap 1 Brooks. 

Dear Sir, — I did myself the honor to write you yes- 
terday, but closed my letter sooner than I intended, for 
fear of missing the opportunity of sending it, being 
informed the vessel was loosing her sails. What I would 
add is principally touching what I have once and again 
mention'd (namely), your asking for the government of 
this Province, which, I am perswaded, would be agreeable 
to your friends in Massachusets & universally acceptable 
to the people here, especially the most discerning, who 
are quite weary of an administration that has so much of 
the genius and air of Spain in it. I don't mention a salary 
of 2000<£ a year as any considerable motive to a gentle- 
man of your great fortune and ample incomes ; however, 
it is no very despicable sum neither, and will help to tell 
for game in the family expence, even of a baronet and a 
Governor. What principally weighs with me, and I would 
fain hope will influence you, is that you may do a great 
deal more good in such a public station than in private life. 
You may make the people quite happy in their privileges, 
and they will make you quite easy in their obedience, 
love k respects. 

I don't suppose such an overture could be agreeable to 
you were you to be seated at Connecticut or Road Island, 

1745-6.] LETTEKS. 465 

or perhaps hardly at Boston ; but as your residence will 
be at Portsmouth, from whence it is not an hour's voyage 
to Kittery, where you may spend many of your hours of 
relaxation, and assist M r Pepperrell's affairs as occasion 
may require with your wholesom & paternal counsels, 
and my Lady Pepperrell may as often as she pleases (and 
without difficulty) regale herself w T ith M rs Sparhawk's 
company, I hope you will not reject the proposal, nor 
esteem the scheme unworthy of your thoughts ; besides, 
Sir, I presume you will hardly think it consistent with 
your honor to sit at York Inferior Court, or Quarter Ses- 
sion any more, nor to follow the busyness of a warehouse 
and counting-room any otherwise than now and then for 
your diversion, and if so, what will you do ? Surely a 
gentleman of your application to busyness and of your 
spirit and action can never give up his life to inactivity 
and indolence ; and if not what is so suitable as the busy- 
ness of a Governor? and considering all things, where is 
a government so agreeably situated as that of New Hamp- 
shire ? Pray excuse my unreservedness in thus freely 
opening my mind, and accept these hints as a token of 
my hearty respects and sincerest wishes for your further 
prosperity, honor, and happyness. I am, Hon ble Sir, 
Your most affectionate, most obedient, and most obliged 
hum. servant. Rich d Waldron. 

Portsm , March 19, 1745/6. 

P. S. Pray favour me with a line at your leisure. 
Col Jo. Shernburn's widow, M rs Huske, and M rs Clarkson 
dyed lately, all within a few days of one another. The 
small pox rages at New York; 'tis said the whole city is 
under inoculation ; and that it has got into several towns 
in Connecticut. Yo rs as above. R. W. 




Portsmouth, March 20, 1745/6. 

Hon d & very d r S R , — Tho' I have several times been 
just about to write to you since you went from us upon 
y e important design y t still keeps you abroad, I have f 
one means or other been prevented till now. But seeing 
your lady yesterday I received w* comes under this 
cover from her hands, & assur'd her I would accompany 
it with a line or two of my own. I was glad to see her 
in such a good state of health. Her principal disorder at 
present seems to be y e concern she is under for your long 
absence. I went from home with a design to wait upon 
her at your own house, but being inform'd she was at M r 
Sparhawk's I went there & had y e pleasure of dining & 
spending some hours with her & your daughter together. 

I assure you, S r , y t as y e success y* an infinitely good 
God has so remarkeably given to y e forces under your 
command, & y* demands such a tribute of praise from us 
all, has been no small satisfaction to me, so I have partic- 
ularly rejoyced in his kind & favourable providence to 
you, both before & since y e reduction of y t place where 
you now are. And you are not without my constant 
wishes to God y* he would still be your watchfull guar- 

It can't but be a considerable trial of yo r patience to be 
kept so long from yo r dear country & belov'd family, but 
I make no doubt but y fc a regard for y e publick good y fc 
has call'd for it does & will quiet & support you under it. 
The great mortality y fc has been among you is a mournfull 
providence. I wish to God y fc y e surviving souldiery may 
make a right use of it, & y* it may conduce to th r repen- 

* Rev. William Shurtleff was born at Plymouth, Mass., April 4, 3689, graduated at 
Harvard College in 1707, was ordained at Newcastle, N. H., in 1712, and was installed as 
minister of the South Parish in Portsmouth, in 1733. He died there May 9, 1747. See 
Allen's Biographical Dictionary, p. 736. — Eds. 

1745-6.] LETTERS. 467 

tance & reformation. Your endeavours to this purpose I 
am perswaded will not be wanting. Dear M rs Husk is 
taken from us. Her death is justly much regretted T all 
her acquaintance, but especially f her family. May we 
all live under just apprehensions of our approaching 
departure, & be in a constant readiness for y e important 
& decisive hour. My wife joyns in respectfull salutations. 
We hope it will not be long before we see you here. In 
y e meanwdnle y* you may prosper & be in health, & meet 
with every thing y t may conduce to yo r welfare temporal 
& eternal, is y e hearty desire & sincere prayer of, S r , 
Yo r most humble & obedient servant. 

William Shurtleff. 

To y e Hon ble S r William Pepperrell. 


Louisbourg, March 20 th , 1745. 

Sir, — Inclosed is a copy of my last to your Excell 7 , 
since w ch I am favoured with yours of the 1 st of March, 
being the only line I have rec d from you since y r depart- 
ure from hence ; Bennet and Stinson by whom you 
mention to have wrote me being not yet arrived. I think 
it very happy that the troops from Gibraltar are arrived 
in so good order at Virginia, and hope they will get safe 
here in good season, and escape the contagion that has 
prevaild so much here, but thro God's mercy is now 
greatly abated and most of the sick are recovering. I 
rec d at the same time w th y r Excell cy ' s a letter from Col. 
Kyan in w ch was inclosd his Maj s orders to me for raising 
a regiment, but I have no ace* what commissions I have 
to dispose of, w ch is a great disadvantage. However after 
having consulted w th Brig r Waldo and Cap* Bastide what 
terms of inlistment were best to agree upon, we pro- 
ceeded to make tryal for both regiments in w ch we have 


succeeded beyond expectation, having already inlisted 
above three hund d men, w ch gives me some encourage- 
ment, but I fear the levies will go on slowly in New Eng- 
land as so many of the officers are strangers. I have 
thought of sending up some officers to assist therein, 
there being some here that, I am persuaded, it' I could 
insure them a Cap*' 3 commission could raise a comp a in a 
few days. We have rec d from Mess. Apthorp & Sparhawk 
part of the materials for y e new barracks w ch we shall for- 
ward y e building of w th all possible dispatch, as we find 
they will be absolutely necessary for y e accommodation 
of so great a number of troops as are happily destind for 
y e protection of this place. I am glad y r Excel cy joins in 
opinion w tb M r Warren & myself that the French should 
be removed from S* Johns as soon as possible. w ch hope 
w T ill be effected accordingly, and w T e are much obligd to 
you for y e offers of assistance therein. We have heard 
nothing lately of any of the store ships expected here, 
but hope they are safe. There are such large quantities 
of ice floating on this coast that they may have been 
obliged to put away, if they have lately attempted to 
gain this port, & I wish nothing more may have hap- 
pened to the missing vessells from New England. I hope 
the Kingsale will soon be here, on whose arrival I shall 
think of returning to New England as soon as possible. 
I now inclose to y r Excell y an ace* of the distribution of 
the fresh provisions sent by the Province for the sick 
in w ch I have endeavourd that all possible equit}^ should 
be used, and hope it will be satisfactory . I am extremely 
obliged to y r lady & good family for their complements, 
to wait on whom in N. E. will be no small part of my 
pleasure in returning. 

I am, y r Excell cy '* &c. 

1746.] LETTERS. 469 


Boston, y e 25 March, 1746. 

Sir, — These is the second letter I have give meself 
the honour to wrote in answer of y rs pr. Madam La 
Carrete. Agreable to y r desire I have shows her all the 
kindness I am capable. First I want to fecth her one 
board, and broad her to my house w fc her familly which 
afterwards we, M r Le Mercier and I, took each of vs one 
half the familly tel I could provide a house for her which 
I did I short time near me, so that I maye help her of 
wood, meat, bread, &ea. She is a very agreable & sen- 
sible gentlewomen, and wich is very rare among the 
French Papiste is the reading the Bible that she does 
dayly, having one of their ownes translation, but I have 
lent her a good large one in folio with anotation. We 
have had severall contraverses att her house w* an officer 
of the Vigilant, specially upon the transubstantition. I 
did make them sensible that thir error was that they 
take our Savior's word in a carnall sence, and that they 
should take it in a spiritwall sence. For our Saviour 
s d , John 6. 63, It is the spirit that quikneth ; the fleche 
profited nothing. The word that I speak vnto you they 
are speritt, and they are life ; therefore s d I, If your prist 
could infuze the body of Christ in the ost, it would be but 
flecth & blood, and if it profiteth nothing, then you give 
nothing to them that you administer the sacrement. 
Thefore you must take it in comemoration be faith. 
Madam tooke it veri veil. I could s d great deal more, 
but could not be contained in a letter, so I conclude, I 
whissing you and yours all spritwall & temporall blessing 
and remain, Sir, 

Y r very affectionate sarvant. 

Steph. Boutineau. 

To Sir William Peperell. 

* Stephen Boutineau was one of the French Protestants who came over in 1687, and 
settled in B >ston, where he married a daughter of Peter Bowdoin. He was an elder of the 
church, and died in 1761. See N. E. Hist, and Gen. Reg., vol. viii. p. 247. — Eds. 



The Ilort' le Sir William Pepperell, General over his Majesties Forces 

att Lewisbourg. 

Lewisbourg, March 26 th , 1746. 

Hon rd Sir, — Words cannot express the condition I am, 
that ever my character should have been impeached 
with the death of Docter Kieth.* 1 hope your Honour 
has thought upon the sentiments of the docters appointed 
to find out the cause of the forsaid's death, I would gladly 
hope the best, and fear the worst. I thank your Honour 
for the news of comfort that M r Newman brought me, 
and your Honour's kindness in sending me a bottle of 
wine with which I drank your Honour's health with all 
the spirits I had regained at the good news, for I was 
lost in bemoaning my miserable circumstances that the 
forsaid's death had brought me to. In the midest of 
prosperity adversity at once apeared. 

I beg leave of your Honour to inform you that before 
this disagreement hapened between me and the foresaid, 
on the 19 th instant, I can bring numbers of witneses to 

* See Records of Councils of War, ante p. 57. The death of Dr. Keith, who was a sur- 
geon from Rhode Island, was apparently the result of a quarrel with John Irving, the 
steward of the hospital, but there is nothing in the Pepperrell Papers to show what was 
the finding of the Court. Irving was still acting as a steward at the end of April. 

living's own account of the affair is contained in a letter dated March 21, 1745/6, and is 
as follows : " Last Wedensday night I went up to Docter Kieth's room, about nine of the 
clock at night, to get a candle lighted. He invited me to sit down, as we were always like 
hi others. I told him it was late, he urging me again & again to keep him company 
about an hour, and he would oblidge me as much. So siting down with him we hapned to 
fal a talking about Doctor Teller's carrying of a man that was a mind to list in your regi- 
ment from Thomas Poor, ('oil. Bradstreet, being there in the mean time, came out to Docter 
Toiler, and had sonic words with him. So I holding out that Docter Teiler was in the wrong 
for so doing, in consideration that Lewisbourg could not be keepi without men. On the 
other hand he said that Docter Teiler had done no more than he should have done; and Docter 
Kieth >aitl thai he would make it his busseness to do the same, I concluding that if he 
followed that practise he would reap no benefit thereby. So he giving me the ly several 
times, at las 1 was provocked to give him y e ly, as he was running down the thing that I 
thought tended to the publick benefit of the place. At last he was so unnianurly as to give 
nie four blows, and I, in my own defence, in, please your Honour, hapened to give him a 
stroke on the eye, for which I am under guard. Docter Kieth went out on the same night 
with M r Gorman, the armourer, & next day went out about nine of the clock in the fore- 
noon, and dined at Lieut. Cavinough's, and when I came home at seven of clock was play- 
ing cards with Lieut. Kngs, and continued rousing till afier eleven." — Eva. 

1746.] LETTERS. 471 

prove our friendship. Since I came by your Honour's 
orders to the hospitall I hope your Honour will consider 
my confinement without fire, having applyed to Major 
Titcomb for wood according to your Honour's order, and 
his reply was that they could not get as much as serve 
the guards, and if it be agreeable to your Honour's will 
to bring this woefull afair to a tryal, expecting nothing 
but justice from all hands, for since I came to Lewisbourg 
I neither cheated nor defrauded no man, nor has ill will 
at no man, and hopes to receive none. I shall trouble 
your Honour with my testimoniall that I had from Scot- 
land when in the Isle of Wight to show your Honour 
that tho' this misfortune is hapened to me here, my 
former charecter was clear. I conclude with hopes of 
your Honour's friendship, and wishing long health, pros- 
perity, and success to all your Honour's undertakings, 
and am, hon rd Sir, 

Your most obed* & most hu ble servant. 

John Irving. 

P. S. Your Honour knows that I have had none of my 
bypast allowance, and is under difficulties that way, or if 
I had it, I have none to ready it for me. Hoping your 
Hon r will consider my case and defer the tryal as little 
as possible, and am 

Yours as aforesaid. 

John Irving. 


Boston, y e 29 th March, 1746. 
D R S R , — The many obligations I am under to you in 
gratitude obliges me to court all oppertunities of convince- 

* The eldest son referred to in this letter was Rev. Samuel Auchmuty, D.D., at the 
time of the Revolution the most eminent Episcopal clergyman in New York. The other 
two brothers, Robert and James, became lawyers and judges. See Drake's Dictionary of 
American Biography, p. 42; Sabine's American Loyalists, vol. i. pp. 194-197; and note 
ante, p. 116. — Eds. 


ing you of the real sense I have of them. It w d give 
much greater pleasure, after yo r encountering variety of 
dangers, I could see you in safety returned to yo r native 
country, and to have y r Hon r in person here to address 
y u on y e subject. I am concerned 1 can't entertain you 
with news. No ships lately from Eng d occasions among 
us a total ignorance of y e transactions in Europe, and as 
to our home affairs (if worthy yo r notice) Cap fc Boyl, who 
favours me in y e care of this, will assist in y e killing a 
little of yo r time by leting you into y e p r sent situation of 
them. And in regard to my situation of life I continue 
still wrangling at the barr. And M r Bollan's absence and 
M r Head's indisposition disableing him from any attention 
to buissiness renders my load almost insupportable ; how- 
ever y e pleasure of an evening in y e enjoym t of my friends 
over an exhilerating bowl, & drinking health & success 
to y u & y e Admiral, drives out y e fatigue of y e past day, 
and animates me for the next. My eldest son after com- 
encem* (when he takes his second degree) goes home to 
his uncle y e Dean, & then, at my brother's special desire, 
enters into holy ord ra . My second son whom when in 
Eng d I entered the Temple I keep close to y e study of y e 
law for ab* a year longer, and then he is destined to y e 
Inns of Court, and as to my youngest son the countenance 
it pleases y u & y e Admirall of yo r great goodness to shew 
him is a most promising introduction to fortune. I hope 
his dutyful conduct to both and his acting in charecter 
will give him reason to hope a continuance of both yo r 
fav rs . I pray y u will pardon y e freedoine I take in open- 
ing to y u the provisions I am makeing by God's assistance 
for my growing succession. And I pray y fc each of them 
in their respective stations will ever have impressed 
in their minds the obligations y u have been pleased to 
place on their aged father, and so behave y fc they may 
with equal sincerity always subscribe themselves, sett- 

1746.] LETTERS. 473 

ing bro r aside, as I begg leave with greatest truth, 
Hon ble S r , 

Yo r most affectionate bro r & most obedient humble 
servant. Rob t Auchmuty. 

Yo r off rs will informe y u & y e Army how I & my off rs 
have eased them in y e condemnation of all y e prizes by 
them taken 


Louisbourg, Aprill 6 th , 1746. 

SiRj — Inclosed is a copy of my last to y r Excell y by 
Cap* Shreves, since which I am favourd with yours of 
Jan ry 15 th and Feb ry 16 th , and carefully observe y e contents, 
am much pleasd to find that what I have mentiond in 
my late letters to your Excell cy , on the head of inlisting 
jointly here and in N. E. for the two new regiments is 
agreable to you, and am greatly obliged to you for the 
readiness you express equally to promote the service of 
both, in w ch I shall heartily join w tb you, and I intirely 
approve of the measures you have taken and propose to 
take for that purpose. The advantage w ch your Excell cy 
observes will accrue by inlisting men on the spot here is 
what I have had in my mind, and I have accordingly 
done all in my power consistent w th justice and honour to 
promote such inlistment, and I must confess our success 
therein has been much beyond my expectations, and I'm 
persuaded our haveing appeard to inlist here for seperate 
interests has been an advantage by stimulating the officers 
employed therein to outvie each other in success. 

I am under no apprehensions of any of the officers of 
the Gibraltar regiments getting any recruits here ; how- 
ever, shall endeavour to secure all that will inlist here 
before their arrival. I very much fear that young officers 
coming here at present will be of ill consequence, as the 


resentment of the officers now here at their disappoint- 
ment and ill usage (as they apprehend it) discovers itself 
more and more. If they come I shall endeavour to take 
and give all possible precaution in the affair ; and I'm 
persuaded M r Warren will do it likewise, and I beg y r 
Excell cy will confer w th Col. Ryan upon it, and let them 
be sent or delay'd as upon the whole you shall think 
most proper. 

What you mention of the necessity of allowing the 
soldiers provisions as at Gibraltar, I think a matter of 
great consequence, and if not successfully solicited will 
be of very ill consequence on the minds of those that 
shall inlist now, and prevent filling up future vacancies. 
I took care when the raising of the American regiments 
was first proposed to the Duke of Newcastle to mention 
it particularly, and M r Warren did the same. I hope 
considerable part of the expence of transporting the 
levies raisd in v e Colonies will be saved bv v e assistance 
of the government's vessells, but if we are allow'd but 
two guinneas for each man we must be considerable suf- 
ferers ; but upon the whole I will endeavour to follow y r 
Excell cys advice, not to think of y e difficulties yet to be 
encounterd in this affair, but in order to strengthen my 
resolution to surmount them if possible, I shall write to 
Col. Ryan to consult with you on the necessary points, 
and especially on the head of inlisting jointly, w ch I have 
already mention'd to him. As Brig r Waldo will doubtless 
give your Excellency a particular ace 1 relating to the 
inlistment here, I beg leave to refer you to his letters. 

I am sensible of the necessity of what your Excellency 
mentions of retaining the chief of the troops now here 
till the garrison is otherways effectually supported, and I 
wish I may not be obliged to tarry here longer myself 
than I expected for that reason; but I am intirely of 
opinion with you that the dismission of some prudently 
managed will have a <>-ood effect on the remainder. I 

1746.] LETTERS. 475 

should be glad to serve Brig r D wight's brother, but y r 
Excell cy is sensible I have it but very little in my power. 

M r Warren and I have rec d a smart letter from y e 
Com tee of War, to part of w ch we have answered jointly, 
and what of it relates to his branch as a sea officer he 
proposes to answer seperately. The commissary will 
receive what they have sent. As to what y r Excell 7 men- 
tions of M r Kilby's being agent for my regiment, I am 
not able to determine upon it, as I wrote him when I had 
thoughts of a regiment here to solicit my having liberty 
to be absent when his Maj. service would permit, as no 
person that knew me could suppose that I would tarry 
here for the sake of it ; to which he has given me no 
answer. But he informs me that he is appointed to it 
by the Lords of the Regency, and if so, I conclude it is 
needless for me to send him a power or take y e customary 
security. The officers here have preferrd to M r Warren 
and me a memorial desiring us to pay them their subsist- 
ence as his Majesty's officers in other garrisons receive, w ch 
the[y] ground on the inclosed paragraph of the Duke of 
Newcastle's letter to us, w ch we think evidently refers to 
a paragraph in ours to his Grace, w ch is also inclosed. 
They have likewise petitiond to us for leave to make a 
distribution of the houses and lands here untill his Maj s 
pleasure relating to them shall be signified, to neither of 
w ch we have yet given an answer. I should be glad of y r 
Excellency's sentiments thereon by the first opportunity. 
I am 

Y r Excell cys , &c. W. P. 


Louisbourg, May 6 th , 1746. 

S E , — The weak condition of this garrison by sickness 
put us under the necessity of applying to y r Excell cy by 


our joint letter of 25 th of Jan ry last for a reinforcement 
as early as possible this spring, lest we should be disap- 
pointed in the troops intended for our relief from Gibral- 
tar, but as they happily arrived here the 21 st of last month 
and as the sickness is greatly abated in the garrison, 
we Hatter ourselves that if the colonies (who are as well 
as our mother country greatly interested in the safety & 
prosperity of this acquisition) will forward the raising & 
transporting levies, so as to keep the four regiments ap- 
pointed for the protection of this garrison compleat, we 
shall have no further occasion to put them to any trouble 
or expence for the defence of this conquest. But as we 
find that the two Gibraltar regiments do not consist of 
above 1200 men, officers and all, including two companies 
& a quarter yet expected in the transport from New 
York, and that we sha'n't have more than 400 men be- 
longing: to the tw T o American regiments who have inlisted 
here, and including the recruits sent from New England, 
which makes but 1600 in y e whole, we apprehend it will 
not be prudent, at least for some time, to weaken the gar- 
rison by a strict complyance w th y r Excell cy ' s and our prom- 
ise to let all the American troops go home, but to do it 
by degrees as recruits arrive, and by that means keep 
near as many here as the four regiments, if compleat, 
w 7 ould consist of. But if Admiral Townsend or any squad- 
ron of his Majesty's ships should arrive we think w T e need 
not keep so many. However, we hope the levies will go 
on well in all the colonies that w r e may soon have it in 
our power to keep our faith with the old troops. We find 
it extremely difficult to get quarters for the new officers 
and troops, tho' w T e have converted the hospital into a 
barrack w ch makes a very good one. We are with the 
advice of the Council going to send two armd vessels to 
the island of S e Johns to bring some of y e deputies of that 
island here, and to settle measures with the inhabitants 
for their evacuating it agreable to the terms of the capit- 

1746.] LETTEKS. 477 

ulation, with which if they comply we hope when these 
vessels return those you intend us from Boston will be 
here ready to go for them and their effects, or upon a 
concompliance [noncompliance ?], to act in an hostile man- 
ner, and if possible to force them into it and destroy their 
houses and settlements. Neither the Kinsale nor any 
of her convoy are yet arrived, except the Eliza & Sarah, 
victuallers, who came some time ago from New York, 
and is gone to Maryland. Cap* Kous is very much 
wanted here, and materials of all kinds for building 
and repair 8 quarters for the troops. 

We have sent up by the Shirley Galley ab fc 120 of the 
old troops, ab* 30 of w ch are such whose health requird 
their change of air, and the others such whose necessities 
most required their dismission, and we shall continue to 
do the same by every opportunity as the arrival of the 
levies for the new regiments and the other circumstances 
of the garrison will admit of. We are, with great regard, 
Y r Excell cy ' s , &c. 

W. P. P. W. 


Louisbourg, May 21 st , 1746. 

My Lord Duke, — The last letter I did myself the 
honour to write to your Grace was in conjunction with 
M r Warren of the 18 th of Jan ry last to inform you of the 
weak condition of this garrison by the great sickness and 
mortality that raged among the troops here, and by the 
two regiments expected from Gibraltar for our relief not 
being arrived. I have now the pleasure to inform y r 
Grace that thro' God's goodness it is a time of health 
among us, and that we have surmounted the difficulties 
of the winter after having sufferd greatly for want of fuel 
and other necessaries, and having lost by y e sickness since 
Nov r last ab* \_UanJc] men. On the 21 st of last month 


arrived here from Virginia, in good health, the Gibraltar 
troops (except one transport which got in last winter to 
New York, and is not yet arrived here); and on the 8 th 
instant arrived here Admiral Townsend with 2 other of 
his Maj y ' 3 ships, with whom arrived also the Kinsale and 
the two ships with warlike stores for this place w ch left 
England under her convoy. By the Kinsale I had the 
honour of your Grace's of y e 10 th of Sept. last, informing 
me of his Majesty's royal goodness to me in appointing 
me Colonel of one of the regiments to be raised in his 
American colonies for the defence of this acquisition, and 
of his Majesty's pleasure relating to the other officers of 
that regim fc . Upon the receipt of your Grace's letter of 
y e 10 th of August last I did, agreable to y r direction 
therein, communicate to the officers who servd with me 
in the expedition against this place that part of it wherein 
your Grace was pleasd to say that, in consequence of 
his Majesty's command, you desird I would acquaint the 
officers under me who were instrumental in the reduction 
of this place of his Majesty's most gracious approbation 
of their service on that occasion, and that in the con- 
sideration of establishing one or more regiments of the 
New England forces for the defence of this most impor- 
tant place an opportunity would be given to distin- 
guish the merit and signal services of those gentlemen 
who had behaved so well in the service of their King and 
country, which they received with the greatest gratitude, 
and were by it encouraged to hope that if any American 
regiments were establish'd they should be provided for in 
them, which if they had been I make no doubt but the 
regiments would have been compleat by this time, but 
the Americans are very averse to leave those officers un- 
der whom they servd in gain" this conquest to inlist with 
strangers. We have, however, raised out of the troops 
that have outlived y° mortality here 262 for my regiment 
and 132 for Gov. Shirley's, and upwards of 200 more are 

1746.] LETTERS. 479 

already arrived here from the colonies, but we both have 
been obliged, in order to engage them to serve under 
strangers, to inlist many of them for three, five, or seven 
years, and to give them a large bounty besides. My 
being obliged to tarry here untill the arrival of the Gib- 
raltar troops has been a great hindrance to my raising 
men in the colonies, which and the extraordinary expence 
I must be at thereby in raising them, I hope will be con- 
sidered. I shall provide for as many of the officers that 
were in the expedition as the blank commissions his 
Majesty has been graciously pleasd to send me will allow. 
I find that many of the officers sent for my regiment are 
very young gentlemen who have not had the experience 
in military affairs that those who were on the expedition 
have had, and that but few of those that were on it who 
have obtaind commissions are such as I should have re- 
commended to be first provided for. As M r Warren's 
commission for this government is arrived, and a force 
sufficient for the defence of this place, we propose to 
discharge the New England troops who have served faith- 
fully hitherto in the gaining and defending this acqui- 
sition as soon as vessels can be got ready to transport 
them home, and I then propose to return to New Eng d to 
visit my family and promote the inlistments for my regi- 
ment, w ch I hope will not be disapprovd of I shall ever 
retain a most gratefull sence of your Maj. and his Grace's 
[sic] favours to me, and shall endeavour to behave myself 
so as not to forfeit them. I am, my Lord Duke, with the 
most dutiful regard, 

Your Grace's most obedient and most humble servant. 

W. P. 


Sir, — The inclos'd paper will acquaint your Excellency 
with the intelligence I have at last been enabled to pro- 
cure of the motions of the enemy up this Bay ; as I do 


not know how far it may be necessary on account of the 
intended expedition against Canada to put by for the 
present what may concern this province and this garrison, 
I cannot so well propose measures suitable to our circum- 
stances. I shall, however, point at what may serve for 
the subject of your consultations with those appointed 
to be of Council in the transactions intended this 

The Canadeans seem to be resolved to keep footing in 
this province, tho their fleet should not come this fall. 
Whither they will make any attempt on this garrison 
without their fleet is what I am not able to determine, but 
their staying so near us this winter will certainly prove 
dangerous to the safety of this place, considering the 
inhabitants we have about us and the soldiers we have in 
the garrison, that part of them which came lately from 
England having many Irish and foreign papists among 
them. Five of them are gone clear of to the enemy ; and 
I have by means of Lieut. Gorham and his rangers retaken 
five others who were going the same way. I would there- 
fore propose that if a sufficient force cannot be sent 
immediately to root the enemy out of this province, two 
good sloops, not too sharp bottom'd, mann'd with fifty or 
sixty good men each, should come here, which with the 
man of war now here and the tender, which we ought and 
I hope will have sent to us, might go up the Bay to har- 
rass and keep the enemy in play till the expedition to 
Canada is over, and a more vigorous attempt can be made. 
As to the French inhabitants I have, I think, sufficiently 
given my opinion before. I know nothing of the present 
behaviour of those up the Bay other than is mention'd in 
the inclos'd paper. Those of this River have kept hitherto 
as dutiful as we can reasonably expect. If by instructions 
from home or otherwise anything should be determin'd 
against them, I should wish to have it in my power 
to make some distinction, to procure an easier treat- 

1746.] LETTERS. 481 

ment to those who have appear'd inclined to serve the 

The garrison here consist of 294 men, including Ser- 
jeants, corporals, drum rs , invalids and prisoners; which 
substracted reduces the number of able private men to 
about two hundred and twenty, to whom must be added 
twenty rangers with six gunners and matrosses and the 
artificers belonging to the Board of Ordnance. The worst 
is we can hardly afford room for more, the new barracks 
having gone on very slowly for want of materials, that 
is, brecks and lime, which came but lately from Boston, 
so that the second story is but just begining to raise, 
which has prevented me hitherto pressing for more 
men, tho I am sensible I may want them. If the two 
sloops should come that want may be supply'd by throw- 
ing the men in the garrison, if we should be besieg'd by 

Admiral Townsend has sent positive orders to Cap* 
Collins to repair to Louisbourg. He is gone down in 
order to take the first opportunity of wind and weather. 
The said Admiral has sent Cap* Rouse in the Shirley to 
keep here ; this ship is but half the force of the other, 
but, however, may serve better in any expedition up the 
Bay, where the other would be of no use. Thus I have 
in this and my former letters given your Excellency an 
account of the state of this Province and of this garrison, 
and must leave it to you to afford the assistance which 
the present circumstances will allow of. I have writ both 
to Admiral Townsend and Governour Knowles, and sent 
them duplicates of the inclos'd information with an acco* 
of the state we are in, which may be vouch'd by Cap* 
Collins, who is well acquainted with it, but I am apt to 
belive that the succours we want may be more readily 
and more effectually obtain'd by your Excellency's means, 
your people being for the most part both soldiers, sailors, 
and wood rangers, and more acquainted in the way of 



annoying the enemy we have to deal with. I am, with 
very great esteem and respect, Sir, 

Your most humble and most obedient servant. 

P. Mascarexe. 

Annapolis Royal, 20 th August, 1746. 
His Excellency Governour Shirley. 


Boston, August 25, 1746. 

Sir, — His Grace the Duke of Newcastle having by 
his Majesty's command, in his letter of the 9 th of last 
April, signify'd to M r Shirley that if Lieutenant General 
S fc Clair & we shall think that any other scheme than that 
which is contain'd in his Grace's said letter for the reduc- 
tion of Canada may be more practicable & advisable, it 
will certainly be left to us three to do as we shall think 
proper. We have accordingly in the absence of Lieu 6 
General S fc Clair (and as the major part of those in whom 
his Majesty reposes this trust) from time to time, as we 
have judged it necessary for promoting his Majesty's ser- 
vice, concerted measures for the better conducting of the 
preparations for this important enterprize. 

And whereas it appears to us, from the accounts we 
have received of the levies raised within his Majesty's 
several governments engaged in this expedition, that 
those rais'd within the four colonies of New England do 
not exceed 5000 at the most, nor those within the five 
Southern Colonies 2100, which troops, together with the 
six regiments expected from England and the two lately 
arriv'd at Louisbourg from Gibraltar, will not, as we con- 
ceive, be a sufficient land force for the reduction of the 
whole country of Canada, tho the squadron of his 
Majesty's ships and transports appointed for the service 
of the expedition should arrive at Louisbourg in time for 

1746.] LETTERS. 483 

proceeding this year up the River of S fc Lawrence, and 
carrying on afterwards the necessary operations against 
Quebec, which from the advanc'd season of the year, and 
our not having yet receiv'd advice of their being on their 
passage, we are very apprehensive they most probably 
will not. And whereas we are of opinion that the before- 
mention'd American troops together with the Indians of 
the Six Nations, which it is hop'd will join with his 
Majesty's troops in this expedition, may if they should 
act in conjunction against the French fort at Crown 
Point be a sufficient force for the reduction of it, even 
tho no diversion should be made at Quebeck to favour 
this enterprize by a land armament, provided it is at- 
tempted without delay ; and it appears to us that this 
fort being the Key of Canada on the land side & the 
place of rendezvous, from w 7 hence the enemy not only 
may make incursions upon most of his Majesty's colonies, 
& have begun already to commit great devastations, but 
very much annoy that part of his Majesty's land forces, 
which, according to the plan of operations for this expe- 
dition transmitted to M r Shirley in the Duke of New- 
castle's letter, is design'd to penetrate into Canada from 
Albany by land (if it should be left on their backs in the 
possession of the enemy) the reduction & garrisoning of 
it by his Majesty's forces would not only be a protection 
to the English settlements on the frontier during the 
expedition, but open a more safe passage into the 
enemy's country for his Maj ty ' s forces, be a commodious 
magazine to 'em for stores & provisions, & by making us 
masters of the Lake Champlain with the passes, defiles, & 
carrying places as far as the fort at Chamblee, within six- 
teen miles of Montreal, afford an easy transportation of 
provisions & succours for the support of the expedition, 
prevent the enemy from discovering our motions on that 
side, & put it into our power to make sudden descents on 
them, all which would be the most effectual means of 


confirming the Indians of the Six Nations most strongly 
in his Majesty's interest, and very probably draw over to 
it some of the tribes now in the French interest, or at 
least bring 'em into a state of neutrality between his 
Majesty's subjects & the French, & would thro the bless- 
ing of the Divine Providence on his Majesty's arms very 
much facilitate the conquest of the whole country of 
Canada the next year, if his Majesty should then be 
graciously pleas'd to send early in the spring such a 
naval & land force to proceed up the River S fc Lawrence 
as he shall judge sufficient, with the assistance of the 
troops rais'd in America, for the reduction of Quebeckand 
Montreal (as we have the strongest reason to hope he 
will), and in the mean time succours are prevented from 
being introduc'd by sea into Quebec. And whereas we 
are perswaded on the other hand an unsuccessful attempt 
both by sea & land this year for the reduction of the 
whole country (which we apprehend, from the lateness of 
the season and the weakness of the forces rais'd in the 
five Southern Colonies that must in such case march from 
Albany into the enemy's country by themselves, there is 
reason to fear might be the case, especially if the fort at 
Crown Point is not first reduc'd) would be attended with 
the immediate loss of the Six Nations to his Majesty's 
service, & unite all the Indians most firmly in the French 
interest, prove fatal to the expedition, and afterwards 
produce very bad consequences to all his Majesty's 
Northern Colonies. 

We therefore, conceiving it our indispensable duty in 
the absence of Lieu* General S fc Clair to execute the trust 
repos'd in him & us by his Majesty in such manner as we 
two shall judge to be most for his Majesty's service & the 
interest of his Northern Colonies upon this occasion, and 
apprehending that the joining of all the American forces 
now rais'd in the reduction of Crown Point, in case we 
don't very suddenly hear of the arrival of the fleet & 

1746.] LETTERS. 485 

British troops at Louisbourg, nor receive other instruc- 
tions from his Majesty, will not only facilitate the con- 
quest of the whole country of Canada the next year, but 
is conformable to the scheme of the intended expedition 
as the same has been communicated in the Duke of New- 
castle's letter, and is indeed the only part of it that is 
likely to be practicable this year, have communicated our 
sentiments to your Excellency, which are very much 
founded upon the report made to us on several points 
which we refer'd to the consideration of Colonel Stoddard 
& Col Atkinson for their opinion, the latter of which 
gentlemen had a commission from you to consult & agree 
with us on behalf of your government, so that we doubt 
not of your Excellency's concurrence with us in this case 
for his Majesty's service & the general interest of the 
Colonies, and desire that your troops may receive orders 
from you to hold themselves in readiness to proceed upon 
the first notice to Albany, where we shall recommend it 
also to the governments of Connecticut & Rhode Island 
to send their troops upon the same service, in case we 
shall not very suddenly receive instructions from his 
Majesty which may interfere with this design. 

We have signify'd this our opinion to Govern 1 Clinton 
by express sent to Albany, and desir'd him to get a 
proper train of artillery transported to the nearest place 
of rendezvous from Crown Point without delay, to be 
ready for the execution of this scheme, and to acquaint 
the officers of the forces of the other southern govern- 
ments with what we propose. 

Mr. Shirley will order what ordnance stores he can 
from this Province which are not to be procur'd in the 
other governm ts , and we must desire that your Excellency 
will provide your proportion of powder upon this occa- 
sion. We are with great regard, Sir, ' 

Your Excelly's most obedient humble servants. 

P. Warren. W. Sihrley. 

His Excy Gov 1 Wentworth. 



Gentlemen of the Council & House of Repre- 
sent™*, — I was concern'd at your rising last week without 
coming to any determination upon my message to you con- 
cerning the impending danger which his Majesty's prov- 
ince of Nova Scotia is in of being lost to the enemy. The 
prevention of so fatal an evil is a matter which in my 
opinion demands the most speedy care, and I must press 
you to give an immediate & close attention to it; and I 
think proper to add to my former message upon that 
subject that when at the beginning of this present meet- 
ing of the Court I communicated to you M r Warren's & 
my sentiments concerning the employment of the soldiers 
rais'd in this Province & the three other colonies of New 
England for the intended expedition against Canada, in 
conjunction with the forces raised within the five 
Southern Colonies, in an immediate attempt for the 
reduction of the French fort at Crown Point, I was not 
apprised of the dangerous situation of affairs in Nova 
Scotia. But now from the advices transmitted from 
Lieu fc Govern 1 " Mascarene (which are further confirmed to 
me by letters from officers of the garrison at Annapolis 
Royal, with this additional circumstance that thirty 
French officers are landed about Menis with the Chevalier 
de Ramsey, an officer of distinction from Canada, who is 
said to have the chief command) compar'd with the Nova 
Scotians' stopping all communication with the garrison, 
the detaining of all the messengers lately sent by M r 
Mascarene to Menis for intelligence, the hostile reception 
which the vessell which he sent up the Bay for the same 
purpose, together with the numerous fires made on slioar 
(upon its appearance) to alarm the country ; the accounts 
which I had before reced. from Louisbourg that several 

1746.] LETTEES. 487 

French transports were gone to Bay Verte ; & from mas- 
ters of vessells that two large French ships were seen to 
go into Jebucto Harbour ; I say from these concurring 
circumstances there can be no room to doubt but that a 
body of Canadeans & Indians is now actually assembled 
at Menis or some other parts of Nova Scotia with a 
design to make a sudden attempt for the reduction of it; 
and as the enemy's making themselves masters of that 
Province is evidently the most practicable method (I 
think I might venture to say the only probable one) 
for the French to recover Cape Breton in, either by 
open force or (if that should not be thought advisable to 
attempt) by possessing themselves of an equivalent for it, 
we have still stronger reason to be perswaded of the 
reality of the enemy's now meditating such an attempt ; 
as to their numbers actually landed in Nova Scotia from 
the appearance of their fires & other accounts, we may 
probably suppose 'em to be upwards of 1000 men, espe- 
cially as it is certain that they had beseig'd his Majesty's 
garrison at Annapolis Royal with about 1100 men early 
in the spring before last, & remained there till they broke 
up & dispers'd upon the arrival of our troops before 

Gentlemen, — The danger which these motions of the 
enemy threaten us with will arise not from their pres- 
ent number, but our suffering 'em to continue in the 
province of Nova Scotia till they have gained over the 
French inhabitants (already ripe for a revolt) to join 
with 'em in attacking his Majesty's garrison, which may 
yet be prevented (as it has already most happily been 
twice before upon the appearance of succors from this 
government) by seasonably sending a sufficient strength 
of his Majesty's troops intended for the expedition 
against Canada to Annapolis Royal to drive the Cana- 
deans ought [out ?] of Nova Scotia, which seems not dif- 
ficult to be done at present. But if they are permitted 


to winter there that will afford 'em time to transport 
their artillery & stores (which we may reasonably suppose 
they came supplyed with & have entroduced into the 
province by way of Bay Verte) to Annapolis, for doing 
which I have certain information that there is an easy 
road by land from Menis to that part of the province, 
supposing they have no way of doing great part of it by 
water carriage, which very possibly they may. This 
would also give 'em time to fortify some part of the 
country, & effectually to work upon & bring the inhabi- 
tants to an actual revolt, who upon seeing the enemy 
masters of a proper train of artillery, & that they had 
made the necessary dispositions for a general attack upon 
the garrison, most likely at a season of the year when it 
might be impracticable or extreamly difficult for succors 
to be sent 'em, either from the colonies or from Louis- 
bourg, would it [is] justly to be feared most readily 
join the enemy. 

What the consequence of the loss of this province 
would be are so obvious that I need but barely mention 
'em to you. The French by making this acquisition 
would gain an additional tract of territory upon this con- 
tinent nearly as large as Ireland setled with about 
30,000 inhabitants, all French Roman Catholicks, among 
whom are reckoned to be near 6,000 fighting men well 
acquainted with our eastern coast and harbours, besides a 
considerable body of the Cape Sables, S* Johns and 
other neighbouring Indians, by which augmentation of 
their strength they would be immediately enabled to 
break up all our settlements in the late province of Main 
& probably the whole province of New Hampshire, & 
with them would be lost to his Majesty that part of the 
mast country in America from whence are at present 
wholly drawn the supplies of masts, yards, &c, for the 
royal navy. This event would be also instantly attended 
with the loss of the fishery upon the Cape Sable shoar, 

1746.] LETTEKS. 489 

would animate all the Indians now in the French interest 
and redouble their rage & fury against us, & would most 
probably weaken our present influence over the Six 
Nations, if not occasion their going over to the enemy. 
The addition of the inhabitants of Nova Scotia to the 
French would likewise greatly strengthen 'em against 
the intended expedition for the reduction of Canada ; and 
to say no more, this fatal event would involve the 
colonies of New England in such endless difficulties & 
confusion that the best they could hope for in case they 
could not recover Nova Scotia from the enemy seems to 
be that his Majesty would be graciously pleased to save 
'em by giving up Cape Breton in exchange for it, tho it 
may well be made a question whether the French would 
agree to such an exchange, & not rather take their 
chance for the recovery of that island in the course of 
the war, which their acquisition of Nova Scotia would so 
much facilitate to 'em. 

You must be sensible, gentlemen, that this alteration 
of the face of affairs after my first message to you since 
this meeting of the Court will necessarily occasion some 
alteration of the measures proposed in it, & that his 
Majesty will certainly expect that a suitable number of 
the troops now in his pay & arm'd & cloathed by him 
should be employed for the immediate protection of his 
province of Nova Scotia from the present danger it is 
exposed to ; a province which the Crown has been at so 
great an expence to maintain the possession of ever since 
the reduction of it, merely as a barrier to his other 
Northern Colonies, particularly those of New England, 
against the French, & the preservation of which in a 
most especial manner is so essential to the safety of this 
province & that of New Hampshire, and that I am 
obliged both by my duty to his Majesty & my regard to 
the welfare of the province to take care that Nova Scotia 
is properly protected. 


Gentlemen : I have not altered my sentiments con- 
cerning the importance of the. reduction of the French 
fort at Crown Point, & have the carrying of that attempt 
on at heart as much as ever. I hope the levies raised in 
all the colonies concern'd in the intended expedition may 
be sufficient to answer both services. But that for the 
preservation of the province of Nova Scotia must be 
effectually attended at all events. 

You will see the sentiments of the Council of N. York 
concerning the numbers requisite for effecting the reduc- 
tion of Crown Point, & by Col. Stoddard's letter what 
season he judges best for attempting it, with the reasons 
for supporting his opinion, which seem very strong. 

W. Shirley. 

Council Chamber, 9 Sept r , 1746. 


May it please your Excellency, — The exposed & 
hazardous condition of the province of Nova Scotia has 
been duly considered by the two Houses. 

It is very evident that the preservation of that country 
is of great importance to his Majesty's interest ; but the 
circumstances of the people of this Province are such that 
it is not possible for them to be at any further expence 
at this time, so much of their substance being exhausted 
by the late expedition, the levies for Canada, & the 
defence of the frontiers, besides so many men have been 
lost at Louisburg & since our troops returned from 
thence, k by the seamen that have been impressed on 
board his Majesty's ships of war, & that there are 
scarce enough left to resist the attacks made by the 

* This address was adopted by the House Sept. 10, 1746. See Journal of the House of 
representatives, 1740, p. 135. — Edb. 

1746.] LETTERS. 491 

French & Indian enemy. And it would not have been 
safe for so great a force as has been raised for the expe- 
dition to Canada to have left the Province only, as it was 
hoped this would be a means of removing the enemy 
from our own borders. But notwithstanding, if your 
Excellency is of opinion that it will be for his Majesty's 
service to employ any of the troops enlisted for the expe- 
dition to Canada for the defence of Annapolis (there being 
no doubt but this service will be preferred by many of 
the men to that of the expedition to Crown Point), the 
two Houses have no exception, provided there be fifteen 
hundred of said troops employed for the expedition to 
Crown Point, and your Excellency can give assurance 
that none shall be compelled nor allowed to remain in gar- 
rison at Nova Scotia or as a standing force for the protec- 
tion thereof; and that no part of the pay, subsistence, nor 
charge of transporting them shall lay upon the Province. 

In the name & by order of the Council. 

J. Willard, Sec ry , 

In the name & by order of the House. 

T. Hutchinson, Spk r . 



Boston, Septera 1 " 12, 1746. 

Sir, — Advice is arriv'd here from M r Mascarene that 
a considerable body of French & Indians from Canada is 
assembled at Menis, & that if they don't make an imme- 
diate attempt upon the garrison there, their design is to 
winter 1200 of those forces in Menis, whereby they will 
have an opportunity of fortifying that part of the country, 
transporting a train of artillery (w ch we have great reason 
to beleive they have introduc'd by the way of Bay Yerte) 
from thence to Annapolis Royal & of bringing the inhabi- 
tants (already ripe for a revolt, & among w ch are com- 


puted to be near G,000 fighting men) together with the 
Cape Sable Indians to join 'em in attacking his Majesty's 
garrison very early in the spring, before the season would 
admit of succours being sent to it. 

The loss of his Majesty's province of Nova Scotia would 
be an event so fatal to his service in every respect & to 
the intended expedition for the reduction of Canada (if that 
should proceed the next year) in particular, as the enemy 
by means of that acquisition would augment the number 
of their fighting men very considerably, & besides enabling 
them forthwith to break up the late Province of Main, & 
very probably the w T hole Province of New Hampshire, 
within which limits is comprehended all the mast country 
in America (from whence his Majesty draws at present 
the whole supply of masts, yards, &c a , for his royal navy), 
would greatly endanger the safety of the other English 
colonies upon this continent, & even of the island of Cape 
Breton itself, the recoverv of which would be facilitated 
to the enemy by their possession of Nova Scotia, whether 
they should attempt it by force or by proposing an equi- 
valent for it, that we think it adviseable to endeavour to 
drive the enemy this fall out of the Province of Nova 
Scotia, if possible, & in the mean time that an immediate 
reinforcem* should be sent to the garrison to prevent any 
sudden surprize. 

Hereupon M r Shirley has determined to send no more 
than 1500 of the Massachusetts levies upon the expedition 
to Crown Point, and to employ the remainder of 'em, which 
is about 1000, in the protection of Nova Scotia, viz*, by 
forthwith sending 300 men to Annapolis Royal, 200 of 
w ch for the reinforcem* of the garrison & the other 100 to 
be employed in two sloops in the Bay, as M r Mascarene 
proposes in his inclos'd letter, and to dispatch the remain- 
ing 700 to Annapolis as soon after as is possible, to form, 
in conjunction with the levies of your governm* which 
you shall think proper to send & the governm* of Rhode 

1746.] LETTERS. 493 

Island (to w ch also we shall recommend it) upon the same 
service, a sufficient body to dislodge the French & Indians 
of Canada, & prevent 'em from wintering in any part of 
Accadie, w ch would be attended with the utmost hazard to 
the safety of his Maj ty ' s garrison at Annapolis Royal, & 
with that to his whole Province of Nova Scotia, the loss 
of w ch would be followed with the most destructive con- 
sequences to the interests of all the colonies, particularly 
this & the province under your Excellency's governm t & 
to his Majesty's service in general. 

Your Excellency as Governour of the province of New 
Hampshire & Surveyor General of his Majesty's Woods, 
the preservation of which & of the estates of the inhabi- 
tants of the province are most nearly connected with his 
Maj tys preserving the possession of Nova Scotia, will, we 
doubt not, have this service so much at heart that we 
need only recommend it to you to join with Mr. Shirley 
in it by sending as soon as may be all the levies you have 
rais'd within your governm* for his Maj ty ' s service in the 
intended exped n against Canada to Annapolis Royal for 
the protection of Nova Scotia & driving off the enemy 
from Mines, w ch we are in hopes may be done, if at- 
tempted in time, seasonably for the troops to return from 
thence within two months at farthest after their landing 
at Annapolis ; and we are the rather induc'd to press this 
upon your Exc y as we are in hopes that the additional 
strength of 1500 of the Massachusetts levies & the 1000 
Connecticut troops to those rais'd in the five Southern 
colonies, w ch according to our acco ts may be computed at 
upwards of 3000, may be a sufficient force in conjunction 
with the Six Nations for the reduction of the fort at 
Crown Point, tho if his Maj ty ' s service had not demanded 
such a part of his New Engl d troops for the protection of 
Nova Scotia, we should have thought it adviseable that 
the whole of 'em should have been employed in the 
expedition against Crown Point. 


As to the appointm* of the commanding officer for the 
expedition against Crown Point, which you inquire! after 
in your last letter, M r Clinton by his express from Albany 
with the privity (and as it appears to us with the appro- 
bation) of his Council acquaints us that he thinks it will 
be most proper that we should appoint the gentleman for 
that command, & accordingly desires we will do it, & 
we have appointed Brigadier Waldo as a gentleman whose 
rank, services upon the expedition against Cape Breton, 
& capacity to serve his Majesty in the chief command 
upon the present expedition, we are perswaded, clearly 
entitle him to it. The method we propose for investing 
the officer whom we nominate with that command is that 
the Govern rs of the several Colonies should order the 
officers appointed by themselves to pay due obedience to 
Brig r Waldo's orders as commanding officer, which we 
hope may be agreable to your Excellency. M r Waldo 
being not yet come from the Eastward (tho hourly 
expected) we are not certain that he will accept the 
command, tho we have no great doubt about it. As to 
the chief command of the troops w ch shall go to Nova 
Scotia, we shall endeavour to do everything that may be 
agreable to your Exc y in that respect, in case you think 
fit to send any troops there, as we hope & depend upon 
it you will, especially if Col Atkinson goes there. We 
are with great regard, Sir, 

Your Excellency's most obedient humble servants. 

P. Warren. W. Shirley. 

We hope for the favour of an answer by the express. 

His Excellency Governour Wentworth. 



A Eegister of the Commissions in the Army under the command 
of the Hon ble William Pepperrell, Esq r , for an Expedition against 
the French Settlements on Cape Breton, &c a . 

General Officers. 

William Pepperrell, Esq r , Lieutenant General & Commander 
in Chief of all the Forces by Sea & Land in s d Expedition, &c a . 
Dated 31 st Jan y , 1745. 

From Governour Shirley & Governour Law & Govern 1 * Went- 
worth, with a Commission from Governour Shirley to hold Courts 
Martial, March 19 th , 1744, & to appoint necessary & proper Officers 

Eoger Wolcott, Esq r , Major General, from Gov r Shirley. 
Dated 7 th March, 1745. 

Samuel Waldo, Esq r , Brigadier General. Dated Feb y 7 th , 1745, 
from Gov r Shirley. 

Joseph Dwight, Brigadier General. Dated Feb y 20 th , 1745, from 
Governour Shirley. 

Commissions in the first Regiment of the Massachusetts Troops 
rec d from Governour Shirley. 


The Hon ble Will m 

Pepperrell, Esq* 
John Bradstreet, Esq r 

John Storer, Esq r 

Eichard Cutt, Esq r 

Colonel & Captain of the 

first Company 
Second Col & Captain of 

the second Comp y 
Second Lieu 11 Col & <Capt n 

of the third Comp y 
Major & Captain of the 

fourth Comp y 

31 st Jan y , 1744 

Feb y , 1744 

5 th Feb y , 1744 

5 th Feb y , 1744 






Peter Staples 

Cap* Lieu* 

I s * Comp y 

5 th Feby 

Eph ,n Baker 


2 d C° 

16 th Feby 

John Kinselagh 


5 th C° 

2 d Feb>' 

John Harman 



6 th C° 

5 th Feby 

Moses Butler 


7 th C° 

5 th Feby 

Thomas Perkins 


8 th C° 

5 th Feby 

Will™ Warner 


9 th C° 

5 th Feby 

Moses Pearson 


10 th C° 

6 th Feby 

John Butler 


2 d C° 

16 th Feby 

John Fairfield 


3 rd C° 

5 th Feb y 

Bray Deering 


4 th C° 

5 th Feby 

Andrew Watkins 


5 th C° 

2 d Feby 

Benj a Harmon 


6 th C° 
7 th C° 

5 th Feby 

John Burbank 


8 th C° 

5 th Feby 

George Gerrish 


9 th C° 

5 th Feb y 

George Knight 


10 th C° 

6 th Feb y 

George Gowell 

2 d Lieu* 

I s * Comp y 

5 th Feb y 

Joel Whittemore 


1 st Compy 

5 th Feby 

John Greenough~> 
Josiah Eice ) 


2 d Comp y 

( 10 th Feb y 
\ 1 st Marcli 

Nath 1 Kemball 


3 d Compy 

5 th Feb>- 

Charles Cavenaugh 
Jos. Weeks 


5 th Compy 
4 th Comp y 

2 d Feby 
5 th Feb y 

Tho s Adams 


6 th Compy 
7 th Compy 

5 th Feby 

Tho s Hardy 


8 th Compy 

5 th Feby 

John Bridge 


9 th Compy 

5 th Feb y 

James Springer 


10 th Compy 

6 th Feb y 

Jos. Goldthwait 


12 lh March 

John Gorman 


P* February 



Richard Mum ford, 

Cap* l 8t 

Comp y 

June 3 rd , 1745 

Esq r 
W ,n Smith, Esq r 

Cap* 2 (1 

Comp y 

June 5 th , 1745 

Joshua Champlin, 

Cap* 3 rd 

Comp 5 

June 3 rd , 1745 

Esq r 
Edward Cole 

P* L* P 



June 3 rd , 1745 

Rich' 1 Smith 

p* L* 2 d 

Comp 1 


June 5 th , 1745 

Sam 1 Eldred 

P* L* 3 rd Comp 


June 3 rd , 1745 

Jos. Weeden 

2 d L* or 

Ens n J 

. st Compy 

June 5 th , 1745 






Rich d Hoyle 

2 d L* or Ens" 2 d Comp* 

June 5 th , 1745 

Jeffrey Champlin 

2 d L* or Ens a 3 rd Comp y 

June 3 rd , 1745 

Edward Cole 

Cap* of Mumford's Conip* 

Nov r 5 th , 1745 

Benj a Allen 

2 d L* or Ens a of Cole's 

Nov r 5 th , 1745 

Rich d Hoyle 

1 st L* 2 d Comp y 

Nov r 29 th 

James Angell 

2 d L* or Ens n 2 d Comp* 

Nov r 29 tk 

The above are the officers from the Colony of Ehode Island who 
did duty in General Pepperrell's Regiment, and had their commis- 
sions from Gov 11 Wanton. 

Richard Hoyle 

Jos. Wheeden 
James Angel 

Joseph Stevens 

Dan 1 Wilson 
Christ Jephson 
Tho s Callis 
Peter Grant 
John Lewis 
Joel Whittemore 
W m Crosby 
Edmund Dwight 
Nath 1 Collins 
Jonathan Kellogg 
Aaron Hitchcock 
Benj a Titcomb 
Nathan Payson 
David Gunnison 
Joshua Insley 

Cap* of a Company 

1 st Lieu* Cap 1 Cole's Clomp* 
1 st Lieu* of Cap* Hoyle's C° 




I s * Lieu* 










Ensign Bagly's Comp* 

Lieu* Cap* Pearson's Cornp 7 

Ens n Cap* Staples's Comp y 

Ens 11 Cap* Pearson's Comp y 

March 31 st , 

Nov r 5 th , 1745 
March 31 st , 


Novem. 28*\ 

June 17 th 
Aug2 d 



Eeby 5 th 
July 20 th 
July 20 th 
Octob r 15 th 
Octo r 15 th 
Octo r 16 th 
Octo r 16 th 
Feb* 1 st , 1745 
Nov r 28 th , 1745 
May 1 st , 1746 
May 1 st , 1746 

Commissions granted by Governour Shirley at Louisbourg 

John Shaw 

Lieu't in Gen 1 Pepperrell's 

Octo. 27 th , 



Commissions in the Second Massachusetts Regiment, whereof the 

Ilon bU Samuel Waldo, Esq r , is Colonel. 




Samuel Waldo, Esq r 

Col° & Capt 11 

1 st Compy 

5 th Feb 7 , 1744 

Arthur Noble, Esq r 

Lieu* Col &Capt 2 d Comp 7 

5 th Feb 7 

William Hunt, Esq r 


15 th Feb 7 

Samuel Moocley 


1 st Compy 

9 th Feb 7 

John Watts 


2 d Compy 

8 th Feb 7 

Philip Dumaresque 


3 rd Compy 

8 th Feb y 

Benj a Goldthwait 


4 th Comp 7 

9 th Feb 7 

Dan 1 Hale 


5 th Compy 

11 th Feb^ 

Jacob Stevens 


6 th Compy 

9 th Feby 

James Noble 


7 th Comp 7 

8 th Feby 

Eich d Jaques 


8 th Comp y 

9 th Feby 

Dan 1 Fogg 


9 th Compy 

13 th Feby 

Jere. Richardson 


10 th Compy 

8 th Feby 

Charles Proctor 


I s * Comp 7 

9 th Feby 

James Noble 


2 d Comp 7 

8 th Feby 

Josiah Crosby 


3 rd Compy 

8 th Feb 7 

Charles Harrison 


4 th Comp 7 

9 th Feb y 

James Bailey 


5 th Comp y 

11 th Feby 

Stephen Webster 


6 th Comp 7 

9 th Feby 

Solomon Bragdon 


7 th Comp 7 

8 th Feby 

W m Allen 


8 th Compy 

19 th Feby 

John Libbee 


9 th Compy 

16 th Feby 

Clem* Chamberlain 


10 th Compy 

8 th Feby 

John Murphey 


1 st Compy 

9 th Feby 

John Cargill 


2 d Comp 7 

8 th Feby 

Tho s French 


3 rd Comp 7 

15 th Feb y 

Joseph Newhall 


4 th Compy 

March 5 th , 1744 

Abraham Edwards 


5 th Compy 

Feby 11 th 

Edmond Morse 


6 th Comp 7 

Feb 7 9 th 

Dan 1 Meshnrvey 


7 th Comp 7 

Feby 8 th 

Edward Clark 


8 th Comp 7 

Feby 9 th 

Jon a Lord 


9 th Comp 7 

Feb y 16 th 

Jolm Russell 


10 th Compy 

Feb 7 8 th 

John Shaw 

Second Lieutenant 

June 12 th 

Nath 1 Mountford 


March 9 th , 

Benj" W r illiams 

Lieu* in Maj r Noble's Compy 

Jan* 10 th , 







Benj* Easterbrooks 

Lieu 4 Cap* Soul's C° 

March 3 Id , 


Jon a Trumbal 

Lieu* in 

Cap* Watkins's C° 

March 17 th , 

Joseph Waldo 

1 st Lieu* 

in Brig* Waldo's 

March 28 th , 

Comp 3 




John Lemmon 


May 10 th , 1745 

Andrew Watkins 


8 th Company 

May 4 th , 1745 

Joseph Newhall 

l 8t Lieu* 

July 20 th 

Sebastian Zouberb- 


Jan* 10 th 


John Sterns 


of a Comp y 

Nov r 30 th , 1745 

Commissions gran 

ted by Go 

vernour Shirley at Lowsbourg 

John Huston 


Octo r 2 d , 1745 

James Fry 


Octo r 2 d 

Eph ra Hayward 


Octo r 2 d 

Jon a Hubbard 


Octo r 2 d 

Jos. Clark 


Octo T 24 th 

Sam 1 Waldo, Jn r 


Octo T 12 tfc 

Jon a Smith 


Octo r 21 st 

Ab m Edwards 


Octo r 2 d 

James Noble 




Tho 8 Waldron 


Octo T 12 ffe 

John Moore 


Octo r 21 st 

Jeremy Pearson 


Octo T 2 d 

Jon a Hoar 


Octo r 29 tk 

Jeremy Powers 


Octo T 21 st 

John March 

2 d Lieu* 

Octo T 2 d 

Benf Butterfield 


Octo r 29 th 

John Malcomb 


Octo T 29 fh 

Elisha Strong 

2 d Lieu* 

Octo r 2 d 

Dudley Bradstreet 

2 d Lieu* 

Octo T 2 d 

John Fry 

1 st Lieu* 

in Cap* Fry's Comp y 

Octo r 2 d , 1745 

Nath 1 Pettingall 

2 d Lieu* 

in s d Comp 7 

Octo r 2 d 

John Bell 

Lieu* in 
Comp y 

Cap* Howard's 

Octo r 2 d 



Commissions in the T/iird Massachusetts Regimen 

F , whereof the 

Hon hl " Jere. Moulton, Esq 

", is Colonel. 




Jeremiah Moulton, 

Colonel & Captain 1 st Comp y 

Feb y 5% 1744 

Esq r 

Nath 1 Doimell, Esq r 

L* Col & Capt* 

2 d Cornp^ 

Feby 5 th 

Edward Ellis, Esq r 

Major & Cap n 

3 rd Comp y 

Feb y 25 th , 1744 

Christ Marshall 

Capt n 

3 r(1 Comp y 

Feby 15 th 

James Grant 

Capt n 

4 th Comp y 

Feb y I s * 

Cha s King 

Capt D 

5 th Compy 

Feby I s * 

Peter Prescott 


6 th Compy 

Feb y 9 th 

Ammi lluammah 


7 th Comp y 


Sam 1 lihodes 


8 th Compy 

Jan y 29 th 

Barth Trow 


9 th Compy 

Feby 15 th 

Estes Hatch 


10 th Compy 

Feb y 4 th 

Cap* Lieu* 

1 st Compy 


2 d Compy 

Benj* Stansbury 


3 rd Compy 

Feb y I s * 

Benj a Phippen 


4 th Compy 

Feby I s * 

John Marston 


5 th Compy 

Feby 4 th 

Will m Larken 


6 th Compy 

Feb y 9 th 


7 th Compy 

Jon* Hartshorn 


8 th Compy 

Feby 8 th 

Joseph Miller 


9 th Comp y 

Feby 15 th 

Eben r Newall 


10 th Compy 

Feby 4 th 

2 d Lieu* - 

1 st Compy 

2 d Lieu* 

2 d Compy 

Nath 1 Bichardson 


3 rd Compy 

Feby 15 th 

Israel Porter 


4 th Compy 

Feb y I s * 

Joseph Gerrish 


5 th Compy 

Feb>' 14 th 

Jon ft Hoar 


6 th Compy 

Feby 9 th 


7 th Compy 

John Hearsey 


8 th Compy 

Feby 8 th 

Joseph Fairbanks 


9 th Compy 

Feb>' 8 th 

Eben r Sumner 


10 th Compy 

Feb>' 4 th 

James Donnel 


Feb>' 5 th 

John Lane 


Feby 5 th 


John Card 

1 st Lieu* 

Feby 7 th 

Sam 1 Black 

2 d Lieu* 

Feb>' 7 th , 1745 




John Trevitt 


James Donnel 


Eben r Sumner 

1 st Lieu* 

Edward Carter 

2 d Lieu* 

Andrew Lemercier, ju r 

1 st Lieu* 


May 6 th , 1745 
Feb y 7 th 
July 15 th 
July 15 th 
July 15 th 

Commissions in the Fourth Massachusetts Regiment, whereof Samuel 
Williard, Esq r , is Colonel. 

Samuel Willard, Esq r 

Colonel & Cap* 

1 st Comj) y 

Feb y 19 th , 1744 

Thomas Chandler, Esq r 

Lieu* Col & Cap 

* 2 d Comp y 

Feb y 9 th 

Seth Pomroy 

Major & Cap* 

3 rd Comp y 

Feb y 24 th 

Joshua Peirce 


1 st Comp y 

Feb y 18 th 

John Warner 


4 th Comp y 

Feb y 18 th 

David Melvin 


5 th Comp y 

Feb y 15 th 

Palmer Goulding 


6 th Comp y 

Feb y 15 th 

James Stevens 


7 th Comp y 

Feb y 13 th 

John Huston 


8 th Comp y 

Feb y 15 th 

Jos. Miller 


9 th Comp y 

Feb y 16 th 

Jabez Omstead 


10 th Comp y 

Feb y 20 th 

Abijah Willard 


I s * Comp y 

Feb y 18 th 

John Payson 


2 d Comp y 

Feb y 9 th 

Eben r Alexander 


3 rd Compy 

March 9 th 

Jos. Whitcomb 


4 th Comp y 

Feb y 18 th 

Eliezer Melvin 


5 th Comp y 

Feb y 15 th 

John Sternes 


6 th Comp y 

Feb y 15 th 

Tim Johnson 


7 th Comp y 

Eeuben King 


8 th Compy 

Feb y 15 th 

Sam 1 Chandler 


9 th Compy 

Feb y 20 th 

James Fry 


10 th Comp y 

Feb y 13 th 

Jon a Trumball 


1 st Comp y 

Feb y 18 th 

David King 


2 d Compy 

Feb y 9 th 

W m Lyman 


3 rd Compy 

March 9 th 

W m Hutchins 


4 th Compy 

Feb y 18 th 

Isaac Barran 


5 th Compy 

Feb y 15 th 

Nath 1 Payson 


6 th Compy 

Feb y 15 th 


7 th Compy 

Benj a Shelden 


8 th Comp y 

Feb y 21 s * 

John Man 


9 th Comp y 

Feb y 20 th 


10 th Comp y 

Jon a Hubbard 


Feby 18 th 

John Hamilton 


Feb y 20 th 







John Terry 

Cap* Lieu 1 

Feby 19 th , 1744 

Tahon Grant 


Feby 20 th 

Eben r Alexander 

Cap 1 

3 rd Comp y 

July 13 th , 1745 

Jn° Man 

1 st Lieu 1 

July 13 th 

Ben a jah Austin 

2 d Lieu 1 

July 13 th 

Eph m Hay ward 

1 st Lieu 1 

July 26 th 

John Bell 

2 d Lieu 1 

July 26 th 

Abijah Willard 

Cap 1 Lieu 1 

1 st Comp y 

July 31 8t 

Levi Willard 

2 d Lieu 1 

1 st Compy 

July 31 st 

Commissions in the Fifth Massachusetts Regiment, 

whereof Robert 


Hale, Esq r , is 


Eobert Hale, Esq r 


Edward Eveleth, Esq r 

L 1 Col & Cap 1 

of the 2 d Comp y 

Feby 7 th , 1744 

Moses Titcomb, Esq r 

Major & Cap 1 

3 rd Compy 

Feby 7 th 

Cap 1 

4 th Compy 

Jonathan Bagly 

Cap 1 

5 th Compy 

Feb y 7 th 

Jere h Foster 

Cap 1 

6 th Compy 

Feb y 7 th 

Sam 1 Davis 

Cap 1 

7 th Compy 

Feby 7 th 

Tho B Staniford 

Cap 1 

8 th Compy 

Feby 7 th 

Charles Byles 

Cap 1 

9 th Compy 

Feb>' 12 th 

Cap 1 

10 th Compy 

Benj a Ives 

Cap 1 Lieu 1 

1 st Compy 

Dan 1 Tilton 

Lieu 1 

Second Comp y 

Feby 7 th 

Sam 1 Greenough 

Lieu 1 

3 rd Compy 

Feb y 7 th 

Lieu 1 

4 th Compy 

Caleb Swan 

Lieu 1 

5 th Compy 

Feb>' 7 th 

Dan 1 Giddens 

Lieu 1 

6 th Compy 

Feb y 7 th 

Isaac Annis 

Lieu 1 

7 th Compy 

Feby 7 th 

Lieu 1 

8 th Compy 

Sam 1 Morgan 

Lieu 1 

9 th Compy 

Feb y 12 th 

Lieu 1 

10 th Compy 

2 (1 Lieu 1 

1 st Compy 

Daniel Eveleigh 


2 d Compy 

Beamsly Glazier 


3 rd Compy 

Feby 7 th 


4 th Compy 

Jos. Erye 


5 th Compy 

Feby 7 th 

Jos. Goodhue 


6 th Compy 

Feb y 7 th 

John Howe 


7 th Compy 

Feb>- 7 th 

John Rust 


8 th Compy 

Feb>' 7 th 

Jos. Stanwood 


9 th Company 

Feby 12 th 







10 th Compy 

Benj a White 


March 16 th 

Ebenezer Prout 


Feb y 7 th , 1744 


Beanisly Glazier 


Aug* 8 th , 1745 

Daniel Eveleigh 

Cap 1 Lieu* 

Aug* 8 th 

Josiah Martin 


Feb y 7 th 

Commissions in the Sixth Massachusetts 

Regiment, whereof Sylvester 


ond, jun r , Esq r , 

is Colonel. 

Sylvester Richmond, 

Col & Cap* 

1 st Company 

Feby 6 th , 1744 

jun r , Esq r 

Lieu* Col 

Eobert Swan 


4 th Comp y 

Feby 13 th 

Eben r Eastman 


5 th Comp y 

Feby 6 th 

Corn 8 Sole 


6 th Comp y . 

Feby 8 th 

Jon a Lawrence 


7 th Compy 

Feby 5 th 


8 th Comp y 

Eben r Nichols 


9 th Compy 

Feby 6 th 

Jere. Weston 


10 th Compy 

Feby 12 

Nath 1 Bosworth 

Cap* L* 

I s * Compy 

Feb y 6 th 


Cap* L* 

2 d Compy 

Cap* L* 

3 rd Compy 

Tho 8 Waldron 


4 th Compy 

Feby 13 th 

Jon a Eoberts 


5 th Compy 

Feby 6 th 

James Griffin 


6 th Compy 

Feb y 8 th 

Tho B Moorey 


7 th Compy 

Feb y 7 th 

W m Trefry 


8 th Compy 

Feb y 7 th 

Edw d Pratt 


9 th Compy 

Feby 13 th 

Jos. Clark 


10 th Compy 

Feby 20 th 

2 d Lieu* 

2 d Compy 

2 d Lieu* 

3 rd Compy 

Edw d Gray 


I s * Compy 

Feby 6 th 

Seth Hathaway 


I s * Compy 

Feby 6 th 

Jere h Prebble 


4 th Compy 

Feby 13 th 

John Webster 


5 th Compy 

Feb y 6 th 

Jos. Brown 


6 th Compy 

Feb y 8 th 

Nath 1 Smith 


7 th Compy 

Feby 15 th 

John Finney 


8 th Compy 

Feb y 12 th 

Grover Scolley 


9 th Compy 

Feby 13 th 

Benj a Esterbrook 


10 th Compy 

Feb y 20 th 



Maclet Engs 
Nath 1 Walter 

Benj a Williams 



Ensign in Col, 

Pitts's Com- 


March 14 th 
March 11 th 

Feb* 9 th , 1744 


in the Seventh 
Shubael Gorham 

Massachusetts Regiment, whereof 
Esq r , is Colonel. 

Shubael Gorham, Esq 1 

Col & Cap 1 

1 st Compy 

Feby 20 th , 1744 

John Gorham, Esq 1 

Lieu 1 Col & 

Cap 1 2 d Comp y 

Feby 20 th 

Jos. Thatcher 


3 rd Compy 

Feby 20 th 

Eclw d Dimmock 

Cap 1 

1 st Comp y 

Feby 15 th 

Elisha Doan 

Cap 1 

4 th Comp y 

Feb y 20 th 


5 th Comp y 

Silvanus Cobb 

Cap 1 

6 th Comp y 

Feb y 13 th 

Israel Bayley 

Cap 1 

7 th Comp y 

Feby 14 th 

Gershom Bradford 


8 th Comp y 

Feb y 14 th 

Jon a Carey 

Cap 1 

9 th Comp y 

Feby 14 th 

Sam 1 Lumbart 

Cap 1 

10 th Compy 

Feby 20 th 

Cap 1 L 1 

2 d Comp y 

Nath 1 Fish 

Lieu 1 

1 st Comp y 

Feby 15 th 

Josh. Freeman 

Lieu 1 

3 rd Comp y 

Feb y 14 th 

Theophilus Paine 


4 th Compy 

Feby 20 th 

Lieu 1 

5 th Comp y 


Sam 1 Bar tie t 

Lieu 1 

6 th Compy 

Feby 13 th 

Jos. Lawrence 


7 th Compy 

Feby 5 th 

Jon a Loring 

Lieu 1 

8 th Compy 

Feb y 14 th 

Nath 1 Bourne 

Lieu 1 

9 th Compy 

Fel^ 14 th 

Peter West 

Lieu 1 

10 th Compy 

Feb y 20 th 

2 d Lieu 1 

2 d Compy 

Silvanus Hall 


l 9t Compy 

March 2 d 

Joshua Bassett 


3 rd Compy 

Feby 14 th 

W m Clark 


4 th Compy 

Feb y 20 th 


5 th Comp y 

Nath 1 Bosworth 


6 th Compy 

Feb>' 13 th 

Jon a Eames 


7 th Comp y 

Feb>' 14 th 

Caleb Cook 


8 th Compy 

Feby 14 th 

Jon a Carver 


9 th Compy 

Feb>' 14 th 

Jos. Manter 


10 th Compy 

Feb>' 20 th 

Mat" Lumbart 


April 12 th 


Elisha Doane, Ju r 


November 28 th 



Commissions granted by Governour Shirley at Louisbourg. 




W m Paine 


4 th JSTov r , 1745 

Caleb Hamlin 


4 th Nov r 

Stephen Hall 


4 th Nov r 

John Faxon 


4 th Nov r 

Melatiah Bourne, Ju. 


27 th Nov r 


a Brevett Captain 

March 30 th , 

Commissions in the New Hampshire Regiment, whereof Samuel 

Moore, Esq r , is Colonel. 

Samuel Moore, Esq r 

Col & Cap* 1 st Company 

March 1 st , 1744 

Nath 1 Meserve, Esq 1 

Lieu* Col & Cap* 2 d Comp y 

March 1 st 

Ezekiel Gilman, Esq r 

Maj r & Cap* 3 rd Comp y 

March I s * 

John Tufton Mason 

Cap* of a Company 

March 1 st 

Will m Seaward 

Cap* D° 

March I s * 

John Furnell 


March 1 st 

Sam 1 Hale 


March I s * 

Jacob Tilton 


March 1 st 

Edward Williams 


March I s * 

James Whidden 

Cap* L* 1 B< 

Comp y 

March I s * 

Tho 8 Westbrook Wal- 

Cap* L* 2 d 

Comp y 

March I s * 


Moses Wingate 


March 1 st 

Ezekiel Pitman 

Lieu* is an Ensign 

March I s * 

Eich d Mattoon 


March I s * 

Sam 1 Eobie 


March I s * 

John Flagg 


March 1 st 

Eliph a Daniel 


March I s * 

Jere. Wheelwright 


March I s * 

Sam 1 Leavitt 

2 d Lieu* 1 8 < 

Comp y 

March I s * 

Clement Ham 


March I s * 

John Hart 

Ensign is a Lieu* 

March I s * 

Eobert Perkins 


March I s * 

Edmond Brown 


March I s * 

Christ Huntriss 


March l 8t 

Tho 8 Pickering 


March I s * 

Edward Brooks 


March I s * 

John Eyre 


March I s * 

Joseph Sherburn 

Cap* of a Company 

June 6 th 

True worthy Dudly 

Cap* Lieu* 

March I s * 






Sam 1 Connor 

2 d Lieu 1 

March 1 st 

Daniel Wormall 


March P* 

Jon a Gilnian 

Lieu 1 of Marines 

April 15 th 

Abraham Trefetlien 

Cap 1 of a C° of Marines 

April 15 th 

John Light 


June 20 th , 1745 

Jeremiah Veasey 


June 20 th 

Jon a Prescot 


June 20 th 

Ezekiel Worthen 


June 20 th 

Samuel Hale 


October 17 th 

John Flagg 


Jan y 19 th 

Nath 1 Fellows 


Octob r 17 th 

W m Earl Treadwell 

1 st Lieu* Col Moore's Comp y 

Aug* 9 th 

Edmond Brown 

1 st Lieu* Cap* Williams' 
Comp y 

July 10 th 

Ezekiel Worthen 

1 st Lieu* Cap* Prescot's 

Aug* 10 th 

Jeremiah Veasey 

P* Lieu* Cap* Light's Comp y 

Nov 1 I s * 

Thomas Newmarch 

1 st Lieu* Col Meserve's C° 

Aug* 10 th 

John Loggin 

Ensign Cap* Sherburn's C° 

July 16 th . 

Benj a Bunker 

Ensign Cap* Hale's C° 

Aug* 10 th 

Joseph Weare 

Ensign Cap* Prescot's C° 

Aug* 10 th 

John Flagg 

Ensign Cap* Seaward' s C° 

July 9 th 

Joshua Winslow 

I s * Lieu* Cap* Sherburn's C° 

Sept r 3 rd 

Tho 8 Tufts 

Ensign & Qua r Master 

March 1 st , 1744 

Nat 1 Meserve, ju r 

I s * Lieu* 

Aug* l 8 *, 1745 

John Wise 

Cap* Marines 

April 15 th 

George Meserve 


June 20 th 

Nath 1 Fellows 


June 20 th 

Ezek 1 Pitman 


June 20 th 

Zach. Forse 


March P*, 1744 

Tho 8 Newmarch 


March 1 st 

Philip Yeaton 


April 15 th , 

Sam 1 White 

2 d Lieu* 

March 1 st , 1744 

Eben r Wright 
Joseph Philbrick 


April 15 th , 

Octo r 10 th 



Commissions in the Connecticut Regiment, whereof 

William Burr, 

Esq r , is Colonel. 




Andrew Burr, Esq 3 " 


March 16 th , 

Simon Lothrop, Esq 1 " 

Lieu* Col & Cap* of a Comp^ 

March I s * 

Eleazer Goodrich 


June 3 rd , 1745 

David Worster 

Cap* of a 

, Comp a 

March 16 th 

Henry King 


June 3 rd 

W ra Whiting 


March 16 th 

Dan 1 Chapman 


March 16 th 

Bobert Dennison 


March 16 th 

Andrew Ward 


March 16 th 

James Church 


March 16 th 

Stephen Lee 


March 16 th 

Nath 1 Beedle 


March 16 th 

Sam 1 Torrey 


June 3 rd 

Will m Throope 


March 16 th 

Noah Taylor 


March 16 th 

David Seabury 


March 16 th 

W m Smithson 


March 16 th 

Sam 1 Pettibone 


June 14 th 

Jon a Eeed 


June 14 th 

Nath 1 Whiting 


March 16 th 

Jn° Hogskins 


April 12 th 

Jos. Wait 


June 14 th 

Jn° HuntiDgdon 


March 16 th 

Jon a Darling 


March 16 th 

Christ Tracey 


March 16 th 

Jonathan Noble 


June 14 th 

Tho 8 Leeds 



June 3 rd 

Simon Lothrop 


October 29 th , 

Eleazer Goodrich 

Lieu* Col 

Oct 29 th 

David Seabury 

Cap* 4 th 

Comp y 

Dec r 7 th , 1745 

Adonijah Eitch 


May 30 th 

Ezek 1 Ashley 


May 30 th 

John Parker 



May 30 th 

Nath 1 Lothrop 

Lieu* Col Lothrop's Comp y 

Decern?" 12 th 

Daniel Chapman 


Dec r 2 d 

Nath 1 Whiting 

Lieu* 4* 1 

1 Comp y 

Dec 1 " 9 th 






John Darling 


Dec r 10 th 

W n Throop 


Jan* 16 th 

Normand Morrison 

2 d Lieu 1 


Comp y 

Dec r 13 th 

Zacliariah Hubbell 


Feb y 3 rd 

Sam 1 Gay lord 


Feb y 4 th 

John Hurlburt 

Lieu 1 

Dec* 12 th 

Samuel Chapman 


May 30 th , 

Jabez Barlow 


May 30 th , 

Ephraim Parrish 


May 30 th 


Commissions in the Eighth Massachusetts Regiment, ivhereof John 
Choate, Esq 1 ', is Colonel. 

John Choate, Esq r 

Colonel & first Captain 

June 1 st , 1745 

W m Williams, Esq 1 

Lieu* Col & 2 d Capt n 

Nath 1 Tkwiug, Esq r 

Major & 3 rc 


Ebenezer Edmunds 


June 20 th , 1745 

Oliver Howard 


June 21 s * 

John Baker 


W m Allen 


June 22 d 

Sam 1 Cur win 

Cap* Lieu* 

June 22 d 

Charles Doolittle 

Cap* Lieu* 

June 22 d 

Ebenezer Fisher 

Cap* Lieu* 

Thomas Chinna 


June 20 th 

James Smith 


June 21 s * 

Henry Putnam 


Joseph Stockman 


June 22 d 

Joseph Waite 


June 22 d 

Nath 1 Herriman 


June 22 d 

Ebenezer Kellogg 


June 22 d 

Eleazer Ellis 


Moses Loyon 


June 20 th 

Joseph Johnson 


June 21 s * 

Nath 1 Pike 


Obediah Perry 


June 22 d 

John Miller 


June 22 d 


Thomas Pike 


June 20 th , 1745 

Commissions gi 

anted by Gov r Shirley at Loun 


Thomas Pike 

Cap* Lieu* 

Thomas Cheney 


Obadiah Perry 







Tho 8 Colby 


Archelaus Dale 


Eben r Smeed 

Ensign . 

Commissions in the Ninth Massachusetts Regiment, 

whereof Joseph 

Dwight, Esq r , is 


Jos. Dwight, Esq r 

Col & Cap* of 

y e 1 st Comp y 

June 18 th 

Nath 1 Thomas 

L* Col & Cap* 

I s * Comp y 

June 19 th 

Sam 1 Gardner 

Maj r & Cap* 3 rd 


July 6 th , 1745 

George Morey 


June 3 rd , 1745 

Caleb Johnson 


Isaac Col ton 


Ephraim Wetherly 


Peter Hunt 


Gersham Davis 


Tho 8 Dotey 


Joseph Stanley 


Augustus Moore 


Ebenezer Hitchcock 


June 28 th , 

John Longley 


John Blowers 


July 5 th 

James Hildnick 


Samuel Jackson 


Daniel Shepherdson 


Tho 8 Richardson, ju r 


David Smith 


June 28 th 

Samuel Hunt 


Jon a Smith 


Eben r Davis 


Sebastian Zouberb- 


June 26 th 




June 26 th 


Thomas Doty 


No v r 28 th , 1745 

Thomas Jones 

2 d Lieu* 

Sep* 25 th 

Commissions in the Tn 

lin of Artillery 

sent from the 


Joseph Dwight, Esq r 


Feb^ 20 th , 1744 

Kiclr 4 Gridley, Esq r 

L* Col Cap* of 

y e Train & 

Feb y 21 s * 


March 20 th 






Abraham Keller 

2 d Cap 1 & Chief Bombardier 

Feb* 2l 8t & 
Feb? 16 th 

Tho fi Campling 

l 8t Lieu 1 

FeV 21 st 

Barth Green 

2 d Lieu 1 

Feb y 21 st 

Joseph Chadwick 

3 rd Lieu* 

Feb* 21 st 

Joseph Holbrook 

4 th Lieu 1 

Feb y 21 st 

John Gorman 

l 8t Under Bombardier 

Feb* 20 th 

Charles Pyncheon 


March 20 th 

Joseph Howley 



March 10 th 

Tho B Campling 

2 d Captain 

July 21 st 

Tho 8 Campling 


Aug 1 17 th 

Kich d Jones 

Lieu 1 

July 21 Bl 

Eich d Jones 

1 st Lieu 1 

Aug 1 17 th 

Joseph Sherburn 

Storekeeper of his Maj ls 

Dec r 1 st , 1745 

Eben r Prout 

Assistant & First Clark 

Dec r 1 st 

Eich d Jones 



Jan^ 10 th , 1745 

John Henry Bastide, 

Principal Engineer 

June 3 rd , 1745 

Esq r 

Robert Glover, Esq r 

Adjutant General 

March 10 th , 

W m Macintire 

Quarter Master General 

March 20 th 

Edward Ellis, Esq r 

Surg n Gen 1 of y e Mass a troops 

FeV 19 th 

Joseph Peirce, Esq r 

Surg" Gen 1 of y e New Hamp 

| March l 6t 

troops & naval force 

Robert Keith 

2 d Surg n Gen 1 of y e Mass a 

March 20 th 

John Kinselagh 

Agent for the transports 

March 10 th 

John Gorman 

Principal Armourer 

Feb^ 1 st 

Tho 8 Waldo 

Muster Master 

March 7 th 

Nath 1 Walter 


March 22 d 

Andrew Lemercier, ju r 


March 7 th 

Sam 1 Rhodes 

Aid de Camp 

May l 8t 

Sam 1 Waldo, ju r 

Aid de Camp 

William Winslow 


Feb? 19 th 

Sam 1 Waldo, ju r 


Feb^ 2 d 

Melatiah Bonnie 

> Commissarys 

Feb^ 20 th 

George Cnrwin 


Feb* 21 st 






Jeremiah Miller, ju r 

Commissary of provisions & 

1 March 14 th 

muster rolls of y e Connec- 

ticut Reg* 

Andrew Lemercier, ju r 

General Clark 

June 10 th , 1745 


Agent Transports' Clark 

March 18 th , 

Edward Paine 

Master of the baggage 

March 19 th 

Alexander Bulman 

William Eand 

Feb y 4 th , 1744 

Jos. Binney 
Anth Emery 


March 9 th 
Feb y 10 th 

Philip Goffers Cost 

Feb y 20 th 

Gillam Taylor 

Feb y 19 th 

Charles Pyncheon 

Surg n General's Mate 

March 10 th 

Jos. Lebarro 

Under Surgeon 

Feb y 19 th 

Jacob March 


March 4 th 

Michael Lowell 


March 18 th 

Jon a Prescott 

Ditto to Surg n Gen 1 

March 19 th 

James Oliver 

Ditto to Ditto 
House Carpenters. 

March 19 th 

Mathew Barnard 


March 16 th , 

James Perpoint 

2 d Captain 

March 11 th 

Andrew Brown 


March 11 th 

Edward Paine 

Cap* of an Independant 

Feb y 19 th , 

Comp y of Grenadiers 


Eich d Abbot 

1 st Lieu* 

Feb y 19 th 

George Hanners 

2 d Lieu* 

Feb y 19 th 

Moses Bennett 

Cap of y e sloop Bonetta in the 

| March 18 th , 
j 1744 

pay of y e Massachusetts 

John Prentice 

Cap* of the sloop Defence in 

March 19 th , 

the pay of Connecticut 


Edward Brooks 

I s * Lieu* of y e sloop Abigail in 

the pay of New Hamp. 

March 1 st , 1744 


W m Macintire 


March 22 d , 

Joseph Goldthwait 


March 20 th 

Eobert Glover 


March 19 th 

Sam 1 Waldo, ju r 


March 23 rd 






Andrew Lemercier, ju 1 

Lieu 1 

Andrew Pepperrell 



Benj a Green 

Secretary of y e expedition 

Charles Frost 

2 d Secretary 

For Courts Marshall. 

John Choate, Esq 1- 

Judge Advocate General 

Joseph Greenleaf 


Joseph Sherburne 

By warrant from the General 

to command the Advance 



Feb* 5 th 

March l Bt 
March 1 st 

July 23 rd , 1745 

July 23 rd , 1745 

) May 17 th , 
f 1745 

Commissions to the folloiving gentlemen to be Captains of Marines, 
to be employed on shoar in the expedition, viz 1 . 





Dated May 


25 th ; 1745 



Geo. Swiney 


Sam 1 Prosser 
James Hachet 
Alex r Hatfield 

1 Dated 12 th 

W m Piers 

Kich d Nugent 

5- Lieutenants 

Christ Jephson 

May 5 th , 1745 

W m Cosby 

Commissions given by P. Warren, Esq r , in conjunction iv (h 
W. Pepperrell Esc/'. 

Judge \ of a Court of 

Judge Advocate ( Admiralty. 

Kegister (June 20 th , 

Marshall ) 1745 

Joseph Dwight, Esq 1- 
John Choat, Esq r 
Benj a Green, Esq r 
W" 1 Winslow, Esq r 

John Bradstreet, Esq r 
Joseph Richardson 
James Monk 


Town Maj r of y e City and 
fortresses of Louisbourg 

Capt" of the sloop Reso- 

Aid de Camp to y e Gen 1 

| June 18 th , 
J 1745 
July 1 st , 1745 

June 10 th , 1745 


jtA.JT XT JCj n JLHA. 

Company of Artificers. 


Daniel Hills 


July 11 th , 1745 

W m Beddington 


July 11 th , 1745 

Jos. Wakefield 

Ens a 

July 11 th 

Bob* Clark 


July 11 th 

Jo 3 Wakefield 


ISTov r 20 th , 1745 

Mathew Thornton 

Under Surg n Bichmond's 

March 1 st , 1745 

W m Hay 

Surg n Hale's Begiment 

W m Hay, ju r 

Und r Surg n Choate's Begim 1 

July 11 th , 1745 

Tristruni Noyes 

Und r Surg a Moulton's Beg* 

July 26 th 

John Manning 


June 7 th 

Sam 1 Chapman 


June 20 th 

W m Bogers 


June 22 d 

Bev d M r Step" 



James March 

Chief Surgeon 

March 26 th , 

James Oliver 

Surgeon Waldo's Beg* 

March 10 th , 

Commissions gi 

anted by Gov r Shirley at Louis 


John Bradstreet 

Town Major, Commandant of 
the city & fortifications of 


June 20 th , 1745 

George Scott 

Barrack Master 

Sep r 20 th 


Cape Breton, May 24, 1745. 
We the subscribers do hereby volunterily enlist ourselves into his 
Majesty's service to be under the command of Daniel Bacon, to go 
upon a attact against the Island Battery.* 

Daniel Bacon. James Owen. 

Joseph Winchel. William Murffe. 

Stephen Boot. John Bucknam. 

Zachariah Walker. William Mills. 

Eliakim Winchel. James Clemmens. 

* The names of the subscribers are all in one handwriting. — Eds. 



John Sacket. 
Ezekiel Quarters. 
Euben Negro. 
Sam ll Green. 
Zebediah Stiels. 
Joshua Ponder. 
Isreal Davis. 
Josiah Nash. 
Isaac Brown. 
David Kinteth. 
David Tarbil. 
Phineas Bacon. 
David Durant. 
John Parker. 
James Kanadt. 
Nathaniel Dike. 

John Davis. 
Jonathan Boyce. 
Jacob Marble. 

Stephen Kellogg. 
William Kellogg. 
Thomas Eichardson. 
Jonathan Taylor. 
Dennis Dunnahue. 
Darby Crowly. 
William Smith. 
Gershom Jones. 
Benj a Pierce. 
John Towsley. 
John Cittern. 
Isaac Commings. 
Thomas Dixson. 

W T e whose names are nndar writtain enlisted ourselves voluntaryly 
to go on y e attack of the Island Battary at the mouth of the harbour 
of Louisburgh. provided Beamsly Glaizer is our Cap* on s d attack, 
and then we shall be ready att half an hour's warning.* 

Beamsly Glaizer 
Sam. Knap 
Kic d Carr 
Nath l March 
Martin Ayer 
James Beaverly 
Sam l Lowell 
Benj a Swett 
John Couch 
Moses Hoyt 
Oliver Goodridge 
Giles Harris 
Phillip March 
Daniel Plumer 
Joseph Powell 
Eliphelet Noyes 
Tho 9 Bordman 
Benj a Woodman 

Eic d Seadon 
Will" Perkins 
Joseph Cheney 
Andrew Eoin 
John Weles 
Eic d Taler 
Peter Sanderson 
Ha. Allan 
Timothy Davis 
Phillip Abbot 
Eben r Harris 
John Brown 
Will 11 Stanwood 
Nath l Grant 
Nath Hovey 
John Tood 
Eben r Beal 
David Duston 

* This agreement is without date, but probably it was drawn up in May, 1745. Beamsly 
Glazier was commissioned Ensign in the third company of the Fifth Massachusetts regiment 
in Feb., 174-4-5, and was commissioned Captain in August. See ante, pp. 504, 505. 




Nehemiah Brown 
Benj a Cole 
Sam & Holliday 

Anthony Potter 
Sam l Hodgskins 

Acco* what paid towards wooding y 6 Garrison of Louishourg. 


15 Sept r 

To paid Mark Haskall loading y e Sloop 

Dolphin with wood ....... 3 

To paid Lazarus Sampson^ ....... 1 

To ditto John Wise ........ 11 

To ditto Benf Follet ........ 1 

To ditto Jacob Marston ....... 1 

To ditto Joseph G-renleafe ...... 7 

To ditto Benf Williams ....... 22 

To ditto Thomas Stevens ...... 2 

To ditto Benj a Ghadwell ....... 7 

To ditto Josiah Martin 4 

To ditto Thomas Stanford ...... 4 

To ditto Robert Becket ....... 2 

To ditto Thomas Chittenden 3 

To ditto John Storer ........ 14 

To ditto Sam 1 Dogget 4 

To ditto Lazarus Sampson 2 

To ditto Amos Hovey ........ 2 

To ditto Jon a Hart 12 

To ditto Sam 1 Hatch 3 

To ditto Joseph Smith 2 

To ditto William Durgon 5 

To ditto John Smith ........ 6 

To ditto Eze 1 Ashly 1 

To ditto William Redington 2 

To ditto 1 

To ditto Nath 1 Newman 10 

To ditto John Lovet . 8 

To ditto Joseph Lovet ........ 1 

To ditto Adonijah Fitch ....... 3 

To ditto John Wise . : 1 

To ditto Edward Stow 7 

To ditto Sam 1 Lincoln 2 

To ditto Henry Oliver 3 

To ditto Samuel Lincoln 

To ditto John Stephenson 





























To ditto 1 „ 16 „ — 

To ditto Jon a Davis 1 „ 10 „ — 

To ditto Joseph Taffany „ 15 „ — 

To Commissions for receiving & paying y e 

above 8 „ 17 „ 11 

Errors Except* £186 ,,17,, 5 

^ W M Pepperrell. 

Acco ( of Labour paid for in y 6 Citty of Louisbourg. 

1745 Dr. 

19 Sept r . To paid Joseph Sherburn's Acco* ... 12 „ 9 

To ditto Daniel Herrick 1„ 1 

To ditto Charles King 6 „ — 

To ditto Nath 1 Harriman . - 3 „ 1 

To ditto Joseph Sherburn 5 „ 12 

To ditto Leonard Hoar 1„ 1 

To ditto John Bruer, Nath 1 Woodward, 

& Josiah Marshal 18 „ 2 

To ditto John Card 3 „ 15 

To ditto Daniel Shipardson „ 18 

To ditto John £weet . 16 „ 13 

To ditto Joseph Sherburn 4 „ 17 

To ditto Josiah Hovey 2 „ 14 

To ditto Aaron Boynton & Daniel Pearce 3 „ — 

To ditto Joseph Wakefeild 14 „ 3 

To ditto Joseph Sherburn 9 „ 17 

To ditto John Vane 1 ,, 8 

To ditto Barth Green 2 „ 14 

To ditto 9 „ 17 

To ditto Benj* Merrill 3 „ 18 

To ditto Edward Evelith 7 „ 8 

To ditto Jon a Davis 2 „ 10 

To ditto Epherim Town 1 „ 16 

To ditto Francis Perkins „ 15 

To ditto Eb. Thomas 4 „ 7 

To ditto Aaron Boyinton 12 „ — 

To ditto John Robertson 3 „ — 

To Commissions for receiving & paying 

y c above 7 „ 13 

Errors Except d £160 „ 13 

V W M Pepperrell. 




Ac& what paid Labor™, <&c, for repairs of the Fortifications & 
Houses in Louisbourg. 

1745 , Dr. 

1.5 Sept r To paid John Blowers his Acco* . . . £11 „ 3 „ 1£ 

To ditto 9 „ 8 „ 3 

To ditto Sam 1 Morgan „ 16 „ 6 

To ditto Thomas Gilbert 7 „ 2 „ 6 

To ditto Richard Cobb 4 „ 12 „ 6 

To ditto Joseph Farebank 8 „ 9 „ 6 

To ditto 11 „ 8 „ — 

To ditto Joel Whittemore 14 „ 5 „ 1^ 

To ditto Joseph Webber 9 „ 4 „ 6 

To ditto James Fry 7 „ 4 „ — 

To ditto Theophilus Paine 6 „ 9 „ 4£ 

To ditto 4 „ 17 „ 6 

To ditto Ebenezer Kellogg 11 „ 12 „ 6 

To ditto William Trop 6 „ 12 „ 9 

To ditto David Seabury 6 „ 13 „ — 

To ditto 10 „ 5 „ 6 

To ditto Joseph Newall 25 „ 5 „ 1| 

To ditto Thomas Hincher 14 „ 13 „ 1\ 

To ditto 23 „ 13 „ 1\ 

To ditto James Fry 8 „ 17 „ — 

To ditto John Blowers . . . . . . . 10 „ 13 „ — 

To ditto James Fry 7 „ 13 „ 9 

To ditto Joseph Larence 8 „ 5 „ — 

To ditto Joseph Fairbank 8 „ 15 „ 6 

To ditto William Reddington .... 6 „ 1 „ 1\ 

To ditto Eze 1 Gilman 9 „ 1 „ 6 

To ditto 17 „ 14 „ 9 

To ditto Thomas Newmarch 19 „ 6 „ 8 

To ditto John Blowers 11 „ 18 „ 6 

To ditto Theophilus Paine 2 „ 6 „ 6 

To ditto Benj a Williams 7 „ 14 „ 6 

To ditto John Goreham 8 „ 8 „ — 

To ditto William Jerman 8 „ 9 „ 6 

To ditto Jon a Cary 5 „ 5 „ — 

To ditto W m Reddington 65 „ 18 „ 3 

To ditto Joseph Wakefeild . . ,. . . 28 „ 16 „ — 

To ditto Abijah Willard ...... 17 „ 19 „ 3 

To ditto John Gage 20 „ 16 „ 6 

To ditto Joseph Fairebank 27 „ 11 „ 3 


To ditto John Light 22 „ 8 „ 6 

To ditto John Goreham 4 „ 15 „ 3 

To ditto Joseph Newall 21 „ 11 „ 7£ 

To ditto 26 „ 15 „ 6 

To ditto 22 „ 14 „ li 

To ditto y e monthly acco* of y e 4 th of Octob r 313 „ 15 „ 2\ 

To ditto W m Jarmon 7 „ 4 „ — - 

To ditto Eobert Clerk 5 „ 17 „ — 

To ditto Nath 1 Harriman 9 „ 6 „ — 

To ditto John Halbert £39 „ 6 „ ; ditto 

£26 „ 2 „ ; ditto £43 „ 4 „ ; ditto V 36 „ 12 „ — 

£37 „ 16 „ ; bro* into new ten r . . J 

To ditto Elisha Strong 11 „ 11 „ — 

To ditto Coll John Goreham for Jo's 

Lawrence 7 „ 8 „ 6 

To ditto Rich d Cobb 6 „ 9 „ — 

To ditto Daniel Reding 3 „ 4 „ \\ 

To ditto Coll John Choate for Daniel 

Herrock 9 „ 9 „ 9 

To ditto Henry Mountgomary . '. . . 7 „ 14 „ 6 

To ditto Daniel Hill 40 „ 2 „ 3 

To ditto John Parlby 47 „ 1 „ 3 

To ditto Theophilus Paine 6 „ 12 „ 3 

To ditto Thomas Cobby & Daniel Lemprier 96 „ 17 „ 3 

To ditto Edward Sweat 7 „ 16 „ 6 

To ditto Seth Harvey 28 „ 18 „ 3 

To ditto Obediah Perry 6 „ 13 „ 6 

To ditto Octob r pay list 244 „ 12 „ 4^ 

To ditto Epherim Parrish 8 „ 9 „ 10i- 

To ditto William Jarmon 10 „ 1 „ — 

To ditto Eobert Clark 3 „ 1 „ 10J 

To ditto Jon a Noble 4 „ 2 „ 6 

To ditto 8 „ 6 „ 6 

To ditto Sam 1 Kennedy 66 „ 4 „ 10£ 

£1591 „ 5 „ 4^ 
To Commissions for receiving & paying 

y c above 79 „ 11 „ 2\ 

Errors Except d 

V W M Pepperrell. 

£1670 „ 16 „ 



Dr. Disburstments at Louisbourg to' W' n Pepperrett. Cr. 

Anno 1745. 

To sundrys paid ¥ Acco* 

towards wooding the 

Garrison, as ¥ y e orders 

& receipts. 
To ditto to several Labor rs 

as ¥ y e orders & receipts. 
To ditto for y e repairs as ¥ 

y e orders & receipts. 

r 186 „ 17 „ 5 

160 „ 13 „ 5 

1670 „ 16 „ 7 

Anno 1745 

By Province bills of Credit 1 
received of his Excel- ("2000, 
lency Gov r Shirley J 

By ballance due to Wil-l ^g 
liam Pepperrell J 

£2018,, 7„5 
Errors Except* 1 

£2018,, 7„ 5 


The true state of Cap tn Butler's company.* 

Liev* Peter Grant. 
Ensign John Lewis. 
John Clerk. 
James Gerrish. 
Mikeil Woosom. 
John Murrey. 
Ichabod Tibits. 
James McCarriel. 
Sam 11 Grant. 
Sam 11 Jones. 
Nathan Goodwin. 

Cap tn Butler gone home. 
Centinels 9. 


11 children. 
5 ditto 

Married 2 ditto 



Louisbourg, Sep tr y e 17 th , 1745. 

* Another list among the Pepperrell Papers, without date or indorsement, has the same 
names, with some variations in their spelling. Clerk is there given as Clark, Woosom as 
Woodsom, Murray as Mory, Tibits as Tibbets, and Jones as Jouns. To it is appended this 
petition : "May it plese y r Ho nr , S r , to consider these three following men, Jones & Good- 
win, who are sick & will be uncapable this six weeks for doing any duty, & also Samuel 
Grant who hath a helpliss family att home & y r Hon r will greatly oblidge y r humble 
petitioners, Peter Grant, Jn° Lewis." Moses Butler was commissioned Captain of the 
seventh compan}' in the First Massachusetts Regiment in Feb , 1744-5. The men here 
named wsre afterward transferred to Capt. Thomas Perkins of the eighth company. (See 
post, p. 527.) — Eds. 



A list of the men belonging to Cap* John Harmon, in the General's 
regiment and thare circumstances, &c, Sep 1 11 th , 1745. All in a 
frontier town* 

Jn° Harmon, Cap* 

Jo 8 Weber, Serg* 

A married man, w th 6 children 

Jo s Cole 

A married man, w th 5 children 

Hugh Holeman 

D° w th 7 or 8 children 

James Hays 

I)o w th 4 or 5 po 

Noah Penass 


Moses Samoss 

D° w th 1 child 

Joshua Eamsdill 

Single man, being at y e point of death 

Dau 1 Young 

Single man 

Jn° Gary 


Paul Koach 


John Wells 

N. 0. 1 P. M. 10 

List of men in Moses Pearsons' company now in Louisbourg, the places 

of there abode & curcomstances. 

Sep 1 the II th , 1745. 

Ensign James Springer 
Sargent Axel Roberts 
Sarg* Phillip Hodkins 

Sarg* Joshua Ilsley 





Cor 11 Jo 8 Emerson 


Cor u David Woodman 


Joshua Simpson 


Ebenezer Lincoln 


Sam 11 Clark 


James Gilkey 


Jo 9 Thorn 


John Ayer 


John Anderson 


Jacob Clifford 


Places of Abode. Curcomstances. 

has a wife & severall small 

children y e eldest very 


An old man, unfit for duty. 

a large family of yonp- 

children; his two sous 

with him. Me. 

( a single man ; his affairs re- 

( quire him to be at home. 

Infirm & unfit for duty. 

r These three with J. Ilsley all 

-< come out of one house and 

(. belong to one famaley. 

Has a wife & children in 

poor curcomstances. 

/• These two out of my famley. 

1 J. Thorn my servant & 

( Gilkey by the year. 

Infirm & not fit for duty. 

A single man. 

Sickly & unfit for duty. 

* Several of these men were transferred to the company under the command of Capt. 
Thomas Perkins. {See post, p. 527.)— Eds. 




Places of 

Abode. Curcomstances. 

r a printice ; his master lives 
1 in the woods, exposed to 
(. the enemy. 

Moses Gould 


Moses Hodkius 


( Sons of Phillip Hodkins 
( above. 

Sam 11 Hodkins 


( a very man. His poor 

Sam 11 Graves 


•< father wants him very 
( much at home. 

A true copy 

Moses Pearson. 

Non Off™* 5. 

Private men 


Luisbukg, Septemb r ye 18, 1745. 
Inasmuch as we the subscribers have iulisted ourselves into his 
Maiesties serves under the comand of Coin 11 W m Wiliams, we are 
content their to remain as long as we are obliged to tarry heir, and 
likewise air content to have Charls Doolittle for a Cap*.* 

Samuel Wells. 
Josias Weight. 
Daniel Warner. 
Oliver Standly. 
Benj a Rose. 
Benj a Fuler. 
Joseph Weld. 
Jonas King. 
Nath ll Wright. 
Edward Church. 
Zack e Long. 
Tho's Crisson. 

Ezra King. 
Elias Lyman. 
W M Clark. 
Seth Kibey. 
Moses Eield. 
Leonard Hoar. 
Daniel Morgan. 
Timothy Baker. 
Elkanah Burt. 
Benjamin Parsones. 
Samuel Hawley. 
Stephen Clark. 

A state of Cap* John Kinslagh's company, as folloivs : 
Cap* Jn°Kinslagh ^ 
Lieu* Jephson V Officers. 
Ens 11 Cavender ; 
Patrick Gibbins^ Family in Boston 
W m Moor (Serg* s . 

Abr m Martin [Family in Walpole 
Jn° MacVicker J Family in N. England. 
Eich d Butler > _, 
Jn°MacShe e) ' Corp0rals - 
Bartholomey Crawley, Drumer. 
W m Dunkin, Clark. 

* Some of the signatures to this paper are apparently autographs. — Eds. 



Barnaby Archdacon ) . 

J . . 1 Corporals. 
Larrence Alen j 


Rich d Butler. 

Ge° Baily. 

Patrick Brett. 

Jn° Blake. 

Patrick Duffey. 

Jn° Fowll. 

Indian, and a family in Walpole. 

Jn° Grimes. 

Ja s Gaivl. 

Rich d Linch. 

Family in Boston. 

Tho 8 Mahoney. 

David Neal. 

Tho s Poor. 

Jn° Peek. 

Ja 8 Pitomy. 

Robert Reed. 

Ebenez r Thomas. 

Family in Boston. 

Alex r Tully. 

Tho s Carey. 

Dan 1 Maccaffe. 

Pierce Welch. 

Ja 8 Welch. 

Michael Whittey. 

Mourice Douley. 

Stephen Kinsley. 

Family in Boston. 

Dan 1 MacNamarra. 

Tho 8 Moloney. 

Charles Wild. 

W m Tedder. 

Family in Boston, and gone home. 

W m Nichols. 


Tho s Tracy. 


Tho 8 Williams. 

Run away. 

Prince Nier. | 
J n° Ranolds. ) 

Run away. 

LovisnouRG, Sept r 20* h , 1745. 

W Jn° Kinselagh.* 

N. 0. 

P. M. 



* A subsequent list, Oct. 24, 1745, omits a few of the names here given, and corrects the 
spelling of others. In the later list Ensign Cavenrler is given in full Charles Cavanaugh, 
Wm Dunkin is W" Duncan, .Ta s Gaivl is James Gaul. Dan' Maccaffe is Danl M e Efee. 
Some names are omitted, and the names of Jos. Davis, Gurnel Price, John Gardner, James 
Clarke, and Jn° Blake are added. — Eds. 



1745. Septemb r 20. The state of Cap* Ephraim Baker's Company. 

Ephraim Baker, Cap*. 
Edward Braizer, Serg*. 
Joseph Collier, Serg*. 
John Divine, Corporal. 
Gidieon Gould. 
Phillip Pratt. 
Mathias Woodys. 
Eichard Hall. 
James Cloyce. Drummer 
John ISTixson. 
Joseph Seaver. 
Jonath n Dresser. 
Benjamin Turner. 
John Holebrook. 
John Williams. 
William Sprauge. 
David Hubberd. 
Seth Turner. 
Non off rs 

Sick, has a familly in Boston. 
Sick, single, lives in Boston. 
Sick, has a familly in Hopkintown. 
Sick, has a familly in Hopkintown. 

has a familly in Hopkintown 

has a familly in Framingham 

has a familly in Boston. 

has a familly in Boston. 
Single, lives in Hopkintown. 
Sick, single, lives in Framingham. 

single, lives in Framingham. 
Sick, single, lives in Boston. 

single, lives in Boston. 

single, lives in Boston. 

single, lives in Boston. 

single, lives in Boston. 

single, lives in Boston. 

single, lives at Weymouth.* 
Private men 

A list of the men under my command in the General's regiment, viz*. 

Joel Whitemore, Lieutenant. 

Daniel Wilson, Ensign. 

Joseph Greenleaf. 

Thomas Allen. 

John Tompson. 

Zimry Hanscon. 

David Spiney. 

Uriah Hanscon. 

William Pettegrew. 

Edward Hammond. 

Eobert Due. 

George Knight. 

Morres Bryan. 

John Ayers. 




Marred, has several children. 

Marred, has children. 

Marred, no children. 

Marred, no children. 

Marred, one child. 

Marred, no children. 

Marred, has children. 

Marred, one child. 

Marred, several small children. 

Marred, has several small children. 


* A list dated Oct. 24 adds the name of " Ephraim Baker, Jun r , Clark," and omits the 
name of " Cloyce." In the October list all of the privates except " Sprage " and " Wil- 
liams " are described as " sick." — Eds. 


James Abbot. 


John Ranken. 


John Pugsley. 


Richard Dolley. 


Nath* Hooper. 


James Goodwin. 


John Lydstone. 


William Remick. 


William Allen. 


George Marrenor. 


Benj a Leach. 


Jeremiah Spiney. 


Jonathan Thomas. 


Bartholumy Wittum. 


Simon Emery. 


Hugh McClanen. 


Cato Fairwell. 


All belonging to a frontier to win 

in the county of York. 

Louisbourg, Sept r y e 20 th , 1745. 

Peter Staple. 

K 0. P. M 



The acctt. of the men that has families of ColV John Store fs company, 

all belonging to frontiers very much exposed* 

Sargantt Davis 

A wife and 7 children 

Joshue Kimbell 

A wife and 1 children 

Ichabod Donhew 

A wife and 7 children 

Joshu Lasdill 

A wife and 8 children 

Isaac Buswell 

A wife and 3 children 

Aaron Lord 

A wife and 3 children 

John Cradiford 

A wife and 3 children 

Lemul Clark 

A wife and 3 children 

Edward Evens 

A wife and 

Joshue Adams 

A wife and child 

James Reed 

A wife and 2 children 

William Cortis 

A wife and 1 child 

Charles White 

A wife and 4 children 

* This list and the seven lists immediately following are without date; but they were 
all drawn up probably in the autumn of 1745. — Eds. 



The names of the singall men. 

John Kene 
Benjamin G-ellsion 
Ichabod G-ellsion 
James Littlfild 
John Bagsher 
John Deen 
Isaac Danford 

K 0. 1 

Joseph Taylor 
James Gibson 
Edmond Welch 
Mathew Robson 
Benjamin Cortis 
Joseph Webber 

P.M. 25 

A list of men under my command, Capt. Perkins. 

Capt* Tho 8 Perkins 


Lieut* John Burbank 


Clark, Jesse Dorman 
Rolizon Bond 
Nath 11 Martin 
Bryant Paule 

/ Under my command 
\ Tho s Perkins 
( 6 men 

Allezon Aesdell 


John Carr 


Serg* Joseph Webber 


John Gairy 

\ Capt. Harman's 

John Wells 

( 4 menn 

Noa Pennice 


Serg* John Clark 


Samu 11 Jones 


James Gairish 


Sam 11 Grant 
Michell Woodsome 

[ Capt n Butler's 
) 9 men 

John Murray 

Nathan Gooden 


James Mac Mac Clalling 


Ichabod Tibbits 


James Sampson 

•\ Capt. Lane's 
j 2 men 

John Gellason 


A list of Thomas Perkins men in the estate they are in. 

Left. John Burbank Sick, and a wife and six children 
Eliphalet Perkins 

Joseph Coole A wife and three children 

Edward Stuart A wife and four children 



Jeremiah Springer 
Stephen Harding 
Richard Perry 
Jesse Darman 
Eliphalet Carr 
John Carr 
John Hames 
Asa Burbank 
Nathanael Marten 
Rolensond Bond 
Aleson Lasdell 
Bryant Paul 

All liveing in a fruntear town in New England. 

Sick, and a wife and four children 

Sick, and a wife & one child 

A wife and two children 

Under diffical circumstances at home 




N. 0. 

Private men 15. 

A return of the comp y belonging to 

Cap* Rich' 1 Mumforcl, i 


Lieu* Edw d Cole 

W m Roach 


Serj* Tom 8 Dewen 

John Roggers 


Serj* John Lee 

John Shores 


Serj* Benj a Allen 


James Strange 


Corp 1 Robert Kelsey 

Benj a Stanton 


Corp 1 Dan 1 Fuller 


Absolom Slade 


Corp 1 George Irwin 


James Sampson 

Robert Bennitt 


Robert Trip 


Martin Blake 


Francis Lynn 

John Bailey 


W m Jones 

AY" 1 Carey 


Peter Merce 


Joh. Cackaway 


John Newman 

Newport Coffin 


Stephen Frays 

Isaac Everson 

W m Ward 

John Greenman 

Peter Syack 


Tho" Jeffs 


James Jedaurt 

Nich 8 Lar ranee 

John Lawless 

Morgan Murphy 


W* Mills 

Tho s Niles 


Eleazer Reynolds 

James Robenson 

* Richard Mumforcl was a Rhode Island officer commissioned by Gov. Wanton, but 
did duty in I'epperrell's own regiment. See ante, pp. 498, 499. — Eds. 



A list of men belonging to Cap 1 Smith: 

Eichard Hoyle, Leiu" 

Joseph Mason > Seargeants- 
Eleaezer Arnold ) 


John McDonald \ 


Caleb Callnm ( 

Patrick Hurrly ^Corporals 


Andrew Dexter / 

Nathaniel Blague 

John Evens 

James Briges 

Alexander Grundy 

Ichobod Eddy 


Joseph Dodge 


Japheth Alverson 


Benjamin Ford 

Michal Thornton 

, Nathan Matenson 


Samuel Sanders 

John Burrill 


John Wallace 

Joshua Sly 


Nathaniel Shelden 

John Eddy 

John Jewel 

Jonathan Mountigue 


Thomas Thornton 

Water Drimont 

Gideon Thornton 

Isaac Medbury 

John Bennet 


Gideon Hawkins 

Jabez Brown 


Joseph Whipple 

Benjamin Amos 

John Tubell 

Samuel Whitten 


Nehemiah Packord 

Ebenezer Edson 


John McKion 

* William Smith was a Rhode Island officer commissioned by Gov. "Wanton, serving in 
PepperrelFs regiment. See ante, pp. 498, 499. — Eds. 




George White 

Thomas Green 

James Trueworthy 

Thomas Ales 


Nehemiah Spywood 


Matthyas Kicharcls 


Kobert Watts 

Francis Streter 


N. 0. 6 P. M. 40 

A list of men belonging to Cap 1 Joshua Champlin' s company* 

Lien 1 Samuel Eldred 

Wife and 7 children 

Lieu* Jeffry Champlin 

7 children 

William Fradsell, Serjeant 

Jonathan Okell, Serjeant 

George Charter, Corporal 

Wife and 8 children 

Stephen Richardson 


Charles Campbell 

Wife and 4 children 

Bryant Kaileigh 

Patrick Ward 

John Wittford 


Tobias Tykin 

Wife and 4 children 

Gideon Harry 


Sampson Palmer 

James Tykin 

Thomas Cobb 

Samuel Talker 

Grigory Hazard 

Wife and 3 children 

Peter Champlin 

Sick, wife and 6 children 

Samuel Quince 

Wife and 4 children 

Thomas Dingo 


Moses Harrington 

Sick, wife 

Samuel Otton 


Sampson Quimons 


John [sic] 

James David 


Job Harry 


True State of y e Company. 

Sam. Eldridge. 

N. 0. 3 

P. M. 21 

* Joshua Champlin was a Rhode Island officer serving in Pepperrell's own regiment. 
See ante, pp. 4 ( J8, 499. —Eds. 



A list of men Cap* W m Werner left under the care of Leut. George 


Sam 11 Bickner 
Sam 11 Newhall 
John Laver 
Thomas Lisinby 
John Thomas 
Nath 11 Williams 
John Euby 
Sam 11 Mugredg 
John Allen 
Nathan Flin 

James Thorn 
Eobert Simons 
Benjamin Eopes 
Richard Eichardson 
Charles Nichols 
Eobert Colburt 
Thomas Eomeril 
Sam 11 Millit 
Shuble Crook 
Josiah Ceewateeg 

A list of sutable men to have the command of a company of rangers or 
scouts this winter in the woods. 

Cap* Cobb in Coll. Gorham's regiment 
Cap 4 Huston in Coll. Willard's 
Cap* Chapman in the Coneticut 
Cap* Megregory in Coll More's 

Your most obedient. 

Jn° Gokham. 

N. B. These captains, besides other services, may take y e names 
of all the French, boath great and small, residing on this island in 
diffirent harbors. 

Luisbotjrg, October 16, 1745. 
A list of the men now under the command of Cap 1 Caleb Johnson.^ 

Lef* Augustus Moore. 

2 d Lef* Tho 8 Eichardson, Jun. 

Serg* Stephen Eice. 

Ser. Benj a Willson. 

Ser. W m Steevens. 

Cor 1 Nathan Wood. 

Cor 1 Elias Harington. 

David Willson. 

Philip Eichardson. 

W ra Evens. 
W m Jones. 
Jonathan Webber. 
Sherper Torry, Drum. 
John Boman. 
Euben Moore. 
Sam 1 Epharim. 
W m Eveleth. 
Frink Bryant. 

* William Warner was commissioned captain of the ninth company in the First Massa- 
chusetts regiment. See ante, p. 498. — Eds. 

t Caleb Johnson was a captain in the Ninth Massachusetts regiment. See ante, p. 511. 
— Eds. 



Joseph Wood. 
Obecliah Cooledg. 
John Butler. 
Benj a Iloit. 
Tho* Fair. 
John Obryan. 
W m Ward. 
Charls Winchester. 
Joshua Laniard. 

Bryan M c Xemee. 
Philip Pero. 
Jeremiah, Indian. 
Arthur Churchwood. 
Jonas Num. muck. 
John French. 
Luis Perry. 
Sam 1 Blasdel. 
James Kidder, Cler. 

A list of the soldiers under the comand of Peter Hunt, Cap*, Lois- 
bourg, October 16, 1745.* 

John Blowers, Lieu 4 . 
John Bixbe, Serp. 
Bobert Walker, Serj 1 . 
Jonathan Parker, Serj*. 
Job Williams, Corp 11 . 
Jonath n Robins, Corp 11 . 
Will ra Martin, Corp 11 . 
Joseph Grimes, Corp 11 . 
William Hill, Drumer. 
Joseph Breclen. 
Edward Coal. 
John Buck. 
Jonath" Searls. 
John Gaston. 
Ichabod Furbush. 

Jonas Clark. 
Samuel Farmer. 
Joshua Parker. 
William Elles. 
Nathan 11 Blodget. 
Eleazer Corey. 
Zechariah Walker. 
Sam 11 Galusha. 
James Cambell. 
Timothy Clemens. 
Sam 11 Emery. 
David Johnson. 
Barnabas Palmer. 
Joseph Platts. 
William Symon, Indian. 
Samuel Genial, Indian. 

LouisriOURG, October 16 th , 1745. 
Captain Pamer Goulding in Col Willard's regiment dismissed his 
Majesty's service. 

Oct lG th . Cap* Caleb Johnson in Brig r Dwights regiment dis- 
missed the service. 

Maj r Xath 1 Twin; 

LouisnouRGE, Octo 17 th , 1745. 
Xath 1 Holmes & George Crocker are dismis'd, being old & one of 
them a rupture in his belly. 

* Peter Hunt was a captain in the Ninth Massachusetts regiment. See an*e, p. 511. 


Cap* James Grant has liberty to goo to provide for his men as 

Octob r 21 st . Andrew Woodberey dismist. 

Louisbourg, Octob r 17 th , 1745. 
A list of officers, ag d , sick & who's affairs requirs their going to New 


James Springer, Second Leiv* of Cap* Moses Pearsons' comp a in the 

Gen 18 regiment. 
James Griffen, Leiv* of Cap* Soul's comp a in Coll Richmond's regim*. 
Joseph Johnson, Leiv* of Cap* Howards comp a in Coll Choat's regim*. 
Sam 1 Davis, Cap* in Coll Hal's regiment. 
Leiv* Coll Pitts. 

Parnor Goulding, Cap* in Coll Willard's regiment. 
Daniel Giddens, Leiv* in Cap* Foster's comp a in Coll Hal's regiment. 
John Rust, Second Leiv* in Cap* Stanford's comp a in Hal's regiment. 
Joseph Stanly, Leiv* in Cap* Morey's comp a in Dwight's. 
Cap* Morey, in Dwight's. 

Daniel Shipardson, Second Leiv* in Cap* Morey's comp a . 
Peter Hunt, Cap* in Dwight's regiment. 

Josiah Martin, Leiv* of Cap* Stanford's comp a in Hal's regiment. 
Caleb Johnson, Cap* in Dwight's regiment. 
Peter Grant, Leiv* in Butler's comp a in y e Gen 1 ' 8 regiment. 
Cap* Thomas Stanford, in Hal's regiment. 
Maj r Jo's Hodges, in Coll Richmon's regiment. 
Daniel Shipardson, Ensign of Cap* Morey's in Dwight's regiment. 
Peter West, Leiv* of Cap* Lumbert comp a in Goreham's regiment. 
Stephen Hale, Ensign of Cap* Demock's comp a in Goreham's regim*. 
John Lewis, Ensign in Moses Butler's comp a in y e Gen 1 ' 8 regiment. 
P. Warren. W. Shirley. 

October 21, 1745. 

Leftenent Benjmin Williams Jacob Richmond 

John Townsend, Clark Rebun Bisbee 

Shargant Sam 11 Gilbert Rebun Tupper 

Shargant Eliakim Richmond Isaac Macomber 

Shargant Isriel Sumner John Hacket 

Corprel Hezekiah Smith David Goodsped 

Corprel Jo n Jons Nathanel Eliot 

Corprel Joseph Shaw Joseph Piam 

John Reaghan Benjmin Shors 
John Cauendar 



[On the reverse of this list is an undated list headed " A list of 
Leu 1 Co 11 Pitts Company," a part of which has been torn off. The 
remaining portion is as follows] : 

Co 1 Sam 11 Pitts 
Cap 1 Thomas Gilbert 
Lu* Banj a Willims 
Jonathan Nucomb 
Banj a Stimson 
Thomas Jons 
Thomas Eichmond 
Abner Pary 
Isral Sumner 
Sam 11 Gilbert 
Elijah Knap 
John Townsend 
Ebenezer Cobb 

Eben r Smith 
[Eliakim Eichmond ?] 
Seth Willis 
Jon a Willis 
Euben Bisbe 
Benj a Shors 
Nath 11 Elot 
Eben r Drack 
Jo. Piam 
Stephen David 
Euben Tupper 
John Hall 

Lovisbourg, Oct r 24 th , 1745. 
Copy of the list of men left at Lovisbourg, belonging to Leiu" Coll 1 

John Storer. 

Serg* Enoch Davis. 
Serg 1 Benjamin Jillison. 
Serg* Joshua Kimbal. 
Serg* Joshua Lassell. 

Corprill James Littlefield. 
Corp r Matthew Eobison. 
Corp 1 " Charles White. 
Corp r Joshua Acldams. 

Ichabod Dunham. 
John Credifor. 
Lemuel Clark. 

Edward Evens. 
James Eead. 
William Curtis. 
John Bagshaw. 
John Dean. 
Isaac Danforth. 
Joseph Taylor. 
James Jypson. 
Edmund Welch. 
Ichabod Jillison. 
Benjamin Curtis. 
Joseph Webber. 

A list of the offesers and men in Col. Clioafs regiment, Nom r 13'*, 
1745. ColloneVs company. 

Thomas Pike, Cap 1 Litenant. 
Archuel Deate, Ensign. 
Serg* John Lander 
Serg 1 John Neland 
Serg* John Eoberson 
Serg 1 Samuel Medelon 
Corp 1 Abraham Smith 

Corp 1 Epherim Town 

Corp 1 W m Tomson Sick 

Corp 1 John Veney Sick 

Sick. Clerk Stephen Whipple 
Sick. Benjamin Nurss 

Samuel Hore 

Danil Cumings Sick 



Benjah Young 

Isaac Procter 

Jacob Maston 

Christopher Denny 


Samuel Houey 

Richard Thomas 


Nath 1 Willd 

Joseph Hull 


Danil Kimball 


Micha Cross 


Iseral Rust 

W m Howlett 


Eobert Shaw 


Benj a Ober 


Moses Jewet 


John Clements 


John Jewet 


Isaac Chandler 


Thorns Riggs 

Benj a Creecey 


W m Pard 


Jonathan Barker 


Benjamin Woodbery 

Jonathan Raymond 


Benj a Woodbery, Jim. 

Joseph Wallker 


Epherim Adames 

John Reeues 

Jefferey Parsons 


Francis Smith 

Samuel Dike 

W m Barmington 


James Bishop 


John Meacham 


Francis Pirkens 

Nath a Mansfeild 


Samuel Hewes 


Benj a Baley 


Nath a Adames 

Thomas Mansfeild 


Tote in the first company 55; 

of which are unfitt for 

duty 30, 

Effective men and offeser 25. 


Williames company. 

Charles Dolittle, Cpt. Let. 

, Sick 

Azariah Bancroft 

Ebenezer Smeed, Ensign. 


Abigah Smith 


Serg* King 

Ebenzer Stebens 


Serg* Marsh 

Isaac Amsden 


Serg* Smith 

Pheneas Marsh 

Serg* Killbey 


Nath a Catlain 

Serg* Clark 

Simeon Pomroy 


Corp 1 Smith 

Oleuer Warner 

Corp 1 Hoar 

Benj a Wollcot 

Corp 1 Lymon 


Elezer Warner 

Corp 1 Morgan 

Aron Morgain 


Corp 1 Baker 

Moses Brooks 


Clerk, Moses Feild 

Noah Graues 

Drumer Cock 


James Lemon 


Ebenzer Thomas 


Elknah Burt 

Abial Chapin 


Benj a Parsons 

Gidion Mirick 


Stephen Clark 

Jon a Taylor 

Nath a Wright 


Danil Thomson 

Josiah Wright 



Danel Warner 


Dauid Perce Sick 

James King 

Joseph Welds 

Edward Church 

Oleuer Stanly Sick 

Samuel Wells 


Thomas Crison Sick 

Moses Crafts 

Neso Tawney Sick 

Bej a Kose 

John Umpoon 

Benj a Fuller 


Second company, 



of which is unfitt for duty 2 

remains effective 

men 30. 


Major Twing's company. 

Ebenzer Fisher, Let. Henry Farmington 

Serg* William Bedington Sick Anthony Williams 

Serg t Jacob Hart Should haue been Leit 

Corp 1 Thomas Kedder 
Corp 1 John Demount 
Joseph Teal 
Joseph Bernard 
Samuel Thorp 
W m Woodcock 
W m Coney 
Moses Loues 
John Youngman 
John Dehoot 
John Bernard 



Third company, totle 27 ; of which line are sick 5 
and offesers 22. 

Nath a Daues 
John Carson 
Jonas Cleason 
Moses Fisher 
Thomas Hill 
W m Bull 
Walter Hickson 
Edward Stinson 
Solomon Crosbey 
Drum. Thomas Battles 
Clerk. Benj a Rogers 

Effective men 



Cap 1 Thomas Chenney's company. 

Thomas Chenney, Cap*. 
Obidiah Perry, Let. 
Thomas Colle, Ensign. 
Serg 1 John Stacey. 
Serg* George Wattkins. 
Serg* Benj a Follet 
Serg 4 Iseril Whittney 


Serg* Timothy Osgood 

Serg* Theodor Hoit 

Serg* Isaac Dolton 

Corp 1 Joseph Bartholomew Sick 

Corp 1 Benj a Leson Sick 

Corp 1 Samuel Allen 

W m Webster Sick 

Moses Towns Sick 

Nathan More Sick 
James Town 

Edmund Town Sick 

Jacob Cumings Sick 

Joseph Gould Sick 

Timothy Knight Sick 

Francis Louejoye Sick 

George Harris Sick 

John Stacey, Jur. Sick 

Danil Miscraft Sick 
John Liley 

Abraham Bass 



Benj a Merrill 


Nichelous Codey 

Hezikiah Hutchens 

James Chadock 

Obidiah Maxfield 

Samson Stanhope 

Thomas Barnard 

Jonathan Pagan 

John Currier 


Nathan Keney 


Stephen Haremon 

Jonathan Ballard 

Joseph Simons 


Morice Whitcher 

Obidiah Colbey 


John Stanley 

Andrew Rowen 


John Millett 

James Hadlock 


Nathan Hazelton 

John Bowser 


John Hopkins 

Moses Whicher 


Joseph Warrick 

Arcules Morril 


John Quitiens 

Drumer Isaac Rigaway 

Henry Flood 

Benjamin Harris 


Peter Webb 

Fourth company, totle 57 ; of which are sick 24. Efective offesers 
and men 33. ' 

Cap* Oleuer Hay ward's company. 

Oleuer Hay ward, Cap*. 
James Smith, Let. 
Serg* John Woodberey 
Serg* Stephen Files 
Serg* Joseph Clark 
Corp 1 Samuel Danels 
Corp 1 Ebenzer Harwood 
Corp 1 Samuel Taylor 
Drm. Adonijah Adames 
Benj a Reed 
Ebenzer Chamberlain 
Thomas White 
W m Jon son 
Thomas Athrige 

John Taplin 

Francis Morse 

John Burgen 

W m Conge 

Isiah Witt 

Jese Thomas. 

Oleuer Wattson 


John Linhem 

W m Tobin 

Philip Richardson 

Allexander Maxwell 


Amos Kimball 


Clerk, Job Keath 




Fifth company, totle 27; of which are sick 6. Efecttive offesers 
and men 21. 

In the whole regiment offesers and men 237; of which are at 
present sick and unfltt for duty 86. Efective offesers and men, in 
all 131. 



May it please your Excellency. This list of my regiment 
which I have taken by your order contains the whole of my men ; 
and of the eighty-six sick men, about the one half are on the recou- 
erey. I am, Sir, 

Your Excellency's most humble, obedent serv*. 

John Choate. 

A roll of the companys in the Hon ble Sir W m PepperrelVs reg f of foot, 
note in Louisbourg y 6 15 Nov r , 1745. 

The 1 st comp y , the General's. 

Cap* Ptr. Staples 
Lieu 1 Joel Whittymore 
Ens n Dan 1 Wilson, Dead. 

Ge° Knight 
W m Kemmick 
Ja s Gooding 

Jn° Ledston 
W m Allen 
Ge° Marriner 
W m Pettegrow 
Jn° Thomson 
Jer h Spinney 

Seif 1. Corp 1 1. Drum 1 1 

Serf Hewn McClane 
Corp Benj n Leach 
Drum 1 " Jn° Ayres 

Jn° Pugsley 
Bart h Whittom 
Jn° Eankim 
Nath. Hooper 
Simon Emery 
Zimry Hunscome 
Jnth n Thomas 
Cato Farewell 

Private 17. 

The 2 d comp y . 

1} Col Storer 


Jos a Kimball 
Benj a Jellyson 
Ja 8 Littlefield 
Matt w Eobison 
Char 8 White 
Icabod Gullison 
Jn° Crafford 
Ja 9 Reed 
Edw d Welch 
Jo 9 Taylor 
Seif 1. Corp 1 0. 

Serj* Enock Davis 

Isac Danford 
Benf Curtis 
W m Curtis 
Josh a Adman s 
Jn° Bagshaw 
Jn° Deen 
Ja 8 Gebson 
Edw d Evans 
Lem 1 Clark 
Jn° Garey 
Drum r 0. Private 20. 

The 3 d comp y . 

Major Cutts 




David Gunnison 
Gideon Parker 
Jn° Ainey 

Serj* 0. Corp 1 0. 

Jn° Brawn 
Enoch Stevens 
Sam. Kenney 
Drum* 0. Private 6. 

The 4 th comp y 

Cap* Eph m Baker 
Serj* Edw d Brazier 

Jn° Nickson 
Seth Turner 
Jo 8 Seaver 
Benj a Turner 
Jn° Holbrook 
Jnth n Dreiser 


Serj* Jo s Coller 
Corp. Jn° Divine 

Mathias Woody 

David Hubbart 

Jn° Williams 

W m Sprauge 

Eph m Baker, Jun r , Clerk 

Serj ts 2. Corp. 1. Drum r 0. Private 11. 

The 5 th comp y . 

Cap* Jn° Kinslagh 
Lieu* Crist r Jephson 
Ens n